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Medical directory of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut (Volume v.8) online

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compatible with honorable standing in the profession for physicians to desig
nate their practice as based on an exclusive dogma or a sectarian system of
medicine.



684 MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE.

Sec. 2.— The physician should observe strictly such laws as are instituted for

the government of the members of the profession; should honor the fraternity

as a body; should endeavor to promote the science and art of medicine and

^ should entertain a due respect for those seniors who, by their labors, have

contributed to its advancement.

Sec. 3.— Every physician should identify himself with the organized body
of his profession as represented in the community in which he resides. The
organization of local or county medical societies, where they do not exist,
should be effected, so far as practicable. Such county societies, constituting
as they do the chief element of strength in the organization of the profession,
should have the active support of their members and $hould be made instru-
ments for the cultivation of fellowship, for the exchange of professional ex-
perience, for the advancement of medical knowledge, for the maintenance of
ethical standards, and for the promotion in general of the interests of the
profession and the welfare of the public.

Sec. 4. — All county societies thus organized ought to place themselves in
aflaiiation with their respective state ' associations, and these, in turn, with
the American Medical Association.

Sec. 5. — There is no profession from the members of which greater purity
of character and a higher standard of moral excellence are required than the
medical; and to attain such eminence is a duty every physician owes alike to
the profession and to patients. It is due to the patients, as without it theii
respect and oonfiflence can not be commanded; and to the profession, because
no scientific attainments can compensate for the want, of correct moral
principles.

Sec. 6. — It is incumbent oji physicians to be temperate in all things, for
the practice of medicine requires the unremitting exercise of a clear and
vigorous understanding; and in emergencies — for which no physician should
be unprepared— a steady hand, an acute eye and an unclouded mind are«
essential to the welfare and even to the life of a human being.

Sec. 7.— It is incompatible with honorable standing in the profession to
resort to public advertisement or private cards inviting the attention of
persons affected with particular diseases; to promise radical cures; to publish
cases or operations in the daily prints, or to suffer such publications to be
made; to invite laymen (other than relatives who may desire to be at hand)
to be present at operations: to boast of cures and remedies; to adduce certifi-
cates of skill and success, or to employ any of the other methods of
charlatans.

Sec. 8. — It is equally derogatory to professional character for physicians to
liold patents for any surgical instruments or medicines; to accept rebates on
prescriptions or surgical appliances; to assist unqualified persons to evade
the legal restrictions governing the practice of medicine; or to dispense, or
promote the use of secret medicines, for if such nostrums are of real
eflScacy, any concealment regarding them is inconsistent with beneficence and
professional liberality, and if mystery alone give them public notoriety, such
craft implies either disgraceful ignorance or fraudulent avarice. It is highly
reprehensible for physicians to give certificates attesting the efficacy of secret
medicines, or other substances used therapeutically.

Article II. — Professional Services of Physicians to Each Other.

Section 1. — Physicians should not, as a general rule, undertake the treat-
ment of themselves, nor of members of their family. In such circumstances
they are peculiarly dependent on each other; therefore, kind oflBces and pro-
fessional aid should always be cheerfully and gratuitously afforded. These
visits ought not, however, to be obtrusively made, as they may give rise to
embarrassment or interfere with that free choice on which such confidence
depends.

Sec. 2.— All practicing physicians and their immediate family dependants
are entitled to the gratuitous services of any one or more of the physicians
residing near them.

Sec. 3. — When a physician is summoned from a distance to the bedside of
a colleague in easy financial circumstances, a compensation, proportionate to
traveling expenses and to the pecuniary loss entailed by absence from the



MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE. 685

accustomed field of professional labor, should be made by the patient or
relatives.

Sec. 4. — When more than one physician is attending another, one of the
number should take charge of the case, otherwise the concert of thought
and action so essential to wise treatment can not be assured.

Sec. 5. — The affairs of life, the pursuit of health and the various accidents
and contingencies to which a physician is peculiarly exposed sometimes re-
quire the temporary withdrawal of this physician from daily professional
labor and the appointment of a colleague to act for a specified time. The
colleague's compliance is an act of courtesy which should always be per-
formed with the utmost consideration for the interest and character of the
family physician.

Article III. — The Duties of Physicians in Regard to Consultations.

Section 1.— The broadest dictates of humanity should be obeyed by phy-
sicians whenever and wherever their services are needed to meet the emer-
gencies of disease or accident.

Sec. 2. — Consultations should be promoted in difiicult cases, as they con-
tribute to confidence and more enlarged views of practice.

Sec. 3. — The utmost punctuality should be observed in the visits of phy-
sicians when they are to hold consultations, and this is generally practicable,
for society has been so considerate as to allow the plea for a professional en-
gagement to take precedence over all others.

Sec. 4. — As professional engagements may sometimes cause delay in at-
tendance, the physician who first arrives should await for a reasonable time,
after which the consultation should be considered as postponed to a new
appointment.

Sec. 5. — In consultations no insincerity, rivalry or envy should be in-
dulged; candor, probity and all due respect should be observed toward the
physician in charge of the case.

Sec. 6. — No statement nor discussion of the case should take place before
the patient or friends, except in the presence of all the physicians attending,
or by their common consent; and no opinions nor prognostications should be
delivered which are not the result of previous deliberation and concurrence.

Sec. 7. — No decision should restrain the attending physician from making
such subsequent variations in the mode of treatment as any unexpected
change in the character of the case may demand. But at the next consulta-
tion reasons for the variations should be stated. The same privilege, with its
obligation, belongs to the consultant when sent for in an emergency during
the absence of the family physician.

Sec. 8. — The attending physician, at any time, may prescribe for the
patient; not so the consultant, when alone, except in a case of emergeney
or when called from a considerable distance. In the first instance the con-
sultant should do what is needed, and in the second should do no more than
make an examination of the patient and leave a written opinion, under seal,
to be delivered to the attending physician.

Sec. 9. — All discussions in consultation should be held as confidential.
Neither by words nor by manner should any of the participants in a con-
sultation assert or intimate that any part of the treatment pursued did not
receive his assent.

Sec. 10. — It may happen that two physicians can not agree in their views
of the nature of a case and of the treatment to be pursued. In the event
of such disagreement a third physician should, if practicable, be called in.
None but the rarest and most exceptional circumstances would justify the
consultant in taking charge of the case. He should not do so merely on the
solicitation of the patient or friends.

Sec. 11. — A physician who is called In consultation should observe th9
most honorable and scrupulous regard for the character and standing of the
attending physician, whose conduct of the case should be justified, as far as
can be, consistently with a conscientious regard for truth, and no hint or
insinuation should be thrown out which would Impair the confidence reposed
in the attending physician.



686 MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE.

Article IV.— Duties of Physicians in Cases of Interference.

Section 1.— Medicine being a liberal profession, those admitted to its
ranks should found their expectations of practice especially on the character
and the extent of their medical education.

Sec. 2.— The physician, in his intercourse with a patient under the care of
another physician, should observe the strictest caution and reserve; should
give no disingenuous hints relative to the nature and treatment of the
patient's disorder, nor should the course of conduct of the physician, directly
or indirectly, tend to diminish the trust reposed in the attending physician.

Sec. 3.— The same circumspection should be observed when, from motives
of business or friendship, a physician is prompted to visit a person who ia
under the direction of another physician. Indeed, such visits should be
avoided, except under peculiar circumstances; and when they are made, no
inquiries should be instituted relative to the nature of the disease, or the
remedies employed, but the topics of conversation should be as foreign to
the case as circumstances will admit.

Sec. 4.— A physician ought not to take charge of, nor prescribe for, a
patient who has recently been under the care of another physician, in the
same illness, except in case of a sudden emergency, or in consultation with
the physician previously in attendance, or when that physician has relinquished
the case or has been dismissed in due form.

gcc. .";.— The physician acting in conformity with the preceding section
should not make damaging insinuations regarding the practice previously
adopted, and, indeed, should justify it if consistent with truth and probity;
for it often happens that patients become dissatisfied when they are not
immediately relieved, and, as many diseases are naturally protracted, tha
seeming want of success, in the first stage of treatment, affords no evidence
of a lack of professional knowledge or skill.

Sec. 6. — When a physician is called to an urgent case, because the family
attendant is not at hand, unless assistence in consultation is desired, the
former should resign the care of the patient immediately on the arrival of the
family physician.

Sec. 7. — It often happens, in cases of sudden illness, and of accidents and
injuries, owing to the alarm and anxiety of friends, that several physicians
are simultaneously summoned. Under these circumstances, courtesy should
assign the patient to the first who arrives, and who, if necessary, may invoke
the aid of some of those present. In such case, however, the acting phy-
sician should request that the family physician be called, and should with-
draw unless requested to continue in attendance.

Sec. 8.— Whenever a physician is called to the patient of another phy-
sician during the enforced absence of that physician the case should be re-
linquished on the return of the latter.

Sec. 9. — A physician, while visiting a sick person in the country, may be
asked to see another physician's patient because of a sudden aggravation of
the disease. On such an occasion the immediate needs of the patient should
be attended to and the case relinquished on the arrival of the attending

Sec. 10. — When a physician who has been engaged to attend an obstetric
case is absent and another is sent for, delivery being accompished during the
vicarious attendance, the acting physician is entitled to the professional fee,
but must resign the patient on the arrival of the physician first engaged.

Article V.— Differences Between Physicians.

Section 1. — Diversity of opinion and opposition of interest may, in the
medical as in other professions, sometimes occasion controversy and even
contention. Whenever such unfortunate cases occur and can not be immed-
iately adjusted, they should be referred to the arbitration of a sufficient
number of impartial physicians.

Sec. 2. — A peculiar reserve must be maintained by physicians toward the
public in regard to some professional questions, and as there exist many
points in medical ethics and etiquette through which the feelings of phy-
sicians may be painfully assailed in their intercourse, and which can not be
understood or appreciated by general society, neither the subject-matter ct



MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE. 687

their differences nor the adjudication of the arbitrators should be made
public.

Article VI. — Compensation.

Section 1. — By the members of no profession are eleemosynary services
more liberally dispensed than by the medical, but justice requires that some
limits should be placed to their performance. Poverty, mutual professional
obligations, and certain of the public duties named in Sections 1 and 2, of
Chapter III, should always be recognized as presenting valid claims for
gratuitous services; but neither institutions endowed by the public or by the
rich, or by societies for mutual benefit, for life insurance, or for analogous
purposes, nor any profession or occupation can be admitted to possess such
privilege.

Sec. 2. — It can not be justly expected of physicians to furnish certificates
of inability to serve on juries, or to perform militia duty; to testify to the
state of health of persons wishing to insure their lives, obtain pensions, or
the like, without due compensation. But to persons in indigent circum-
stances such services should always be cheerfully and freely accorded.

Sec. 3. — Some general rules should be adopted by the physicians in every
town or district relative to the minimum pecuniary acknowledgement from
their patients; and it should be deemed a point of honor to adhere to these
rules with as much uniformity as varying circumstances will admit.

Sec. 4. — It is derogatory to professional character for physicians to pay
or offer to pay commissions to any person whatsoever who may recommend
to them patients requiring general or special treatment or surgical operatious.
It is equally derogatory to professional character for physicians to solicit or
to receive such commissions.

CHAPTER III.— THE DUTIES OP THE PROFESSION TO THE PUBLIC.

Section 1. — As good citizens it is the duty of physicians to be very vigilant
for the welfare of the community, and to bear their part in sustaining its
laws, institutions and burdens; especially should they be ready to co-operate
with the proper authorities in the administration and the observance of
sanitary laws and regulations, and they should also be ever ready to give
counsel to the public in relation to subjects especially appertaining to their
profession, as on questions of sanitary police, public hygiene and legal
medicine.

Sec. 2. — It is the province of physicians to enlighten the public in regard
to quarantine regulations; to the location, arrangement and dietaries of
hospitals, asylums, schools, prisons and similar institutions; in regard to
measures for the prevention of epidemic and contagious diseases; and when
pestilence prevails, it is their duty to face the danger, and to continue
their labors for the alleviation of the suffering people, even at the risk
of their own lives.

Sec. 3. — Physicians, when called on by legally constituted authorities,
should always be ready to enlighten inquests and courts of justice on
subjects strictly medical, such as involve questions relating to sanity, legiti-
macy, murder by poison or other violent means, and various other subjects
embraced in the science of medical jurisprudence. It is but just, however,
for them to expect due compensation for their services.

Sec. 4. — It is the duty of physicians, who are frequent witnesses of the
great wrongs committed by charlatans, and of the injury to health and even
destruction of life caused by the use of their treatment, to enlighten the
public on these subjects, and to make known the injuries sustained by the
unwary from the devices and pretensions of artful impostors.

Sec. 5. — It is the duty of physicians to recognize and by legitimate
patronage to promote the profession of pharmacy, on the skill and proficiency
of which depends the reliability of remedies, but any pharmacist who,
although educated in his own profession, is not a qualified physician, and
who assumes to prescribe for the sick, ought not to receive such counte-
nance and support. Any druggist or pharmacist who dispenses deteriorated
or sophisticated drugs or who substitutes one remedy for another designated



688 MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF ,NEW YORK STATE.

in a prescription ought thereby to forfeit the recognition and influence of
physicians.

Frank Billings, President.

George H. Simmons, Secretary.



ECLECTIC MEDICAL, SOCIETY OP THE STATE OP NEW

YORK.— Annual meeting in Albany, March 6th and 7th, 1907.

OFFICERS.— A. E. Broga, Fres., Oneida; H. Stoesser, 1st Vice-Pres., Union
Course; C. W. Brandenberg, 2d Vice-Pres., New York; W. L. Heeve, 3d Vlce-
Pres., Brooklyn; E. H. King, Sec, Saratoga Springs; G. W. Boskowitz,
Cor. Sec, New York; W. J. Krausi, Treas., Brooklyn.

NEW YORK STATE HOMCEOPATHIC MEDICAL SO-
CIETY. — Annual meeting in Albany the second Tuesday and Wednesday in
February, 1907.

OFFICERS.— N. M. Collins, Pres., Rochester; T. D. Buchanan, 1st Vice-
Pres., New York City; F. W. Seward, Jr., 2d Vice-Pres., Goshen; O. S. Ritch,
3d Vice-Pres.; H. W. Paige, Sec, Oneonta; F. M. Dearborn, Treas., New
York City.

ALBANY COUNTY HOxMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting the sec-
ond Thursday in March, 1907.

OFFICERS.— W. McKown, Pres., Albany; H. L. Towne, Vice-Pres., Schenec-
tady; H. D. Cochrane, Sec, Albany; F. J. Cox, Treas., Albany.

BROOME COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Meets third Tuesday in
each month. Annual meeting in June.

OFFICERS.— W. F. Ward, Pres., Binghamton; J. C. Tripp, 1st Vice-Pres.,
Warren Centre, Pa.; H. E. Merriam, Owego; G. F. Harris, Binghamton.

CHENANGO COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting third
Tuesday in January, at Norwich. Semi-annual meeting third Tuesday in June.

OFFICERS.— R. F. Miller, Pres., Oxford; William Little, Vice-Pres., Sher-
burne; F. E. Roper, Sec. and Treas., Norwich.

DUTCHESS COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting second
Tuesday in October.

OFFICERS.— John H. Otis, Pres. ; William Baxter, Vice-Pres. ; A. L. Peck-
ham, Sec. and Treas., 31 Cannon st , Poughkeepsie.

JEPFERSON COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting at
Watertown third Wednesday in November.

OFFICERS.— J. E. Ryan, Pres. ; G. A. Giltord, Vice-Pres. ; R. F. Gates,
Sec. and Treas.

KINGS COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Incorporated October 15,
1857. Annual meeting in Brooklyn second Taesday in January.

OFFICERS.— E. R. Fiske, Pres. ; H. C. Allen, Vice-Pres. ; Ralph I. Lloyd,
Sec, 450 9th st., Brooklyn; S. W. Pallister, Treas.

MADISON COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting at
Oneida fourth Tuesday in June.

OFFICERS. — W. E. Deuel, Pres., Canastota; F. C. Watson, Vice-Pres.,
Oneida; J. T. Wallace, Sec. and Treas., Oneida.

MONROE COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting at
Rochester second Tuesday in December.

OFFICERS.— L. J. Sanders, Pres. ; G. A. Bachman, Vice-Pres. ; W. Perrin,
Sec. and Treas., 308 West av., Rochester.

NEW YORK COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY— Annual meeting at
Carnegie Hall, second Thursday in December.

OFFICERS.— G. De W. Hallett, Pres. ; E. Jarrett, Vice-Pres. ; T. D. Buchanan,
Sec, 210 W. 57th st. ; Edwin S. Munson, Treas.



MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE. 689

ONONDAGA COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY— Annual meeting first
Tuesday in May, in Syracuse.

OFFICERS.— J. W. Candee, Pres. ; A. M. Miller, Vice-Pres. ; W. C. DuBois,
Sec. and Treas., 519 S. Salina bt., Syracuse.

OSWEGO COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting second
Tuesday in June, at Oswego.

OFFICERS. — C. W. Radway, Pres. ; N. H. Haviland, Vice-Pres. ; R. C. Scott,
Sec. and Treas., Fulton.

TVESTCHESTER COUNTY HOMCEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meet-
ing last Wednesday in October, at Yonkers.

OFFICERS.— C. R. F. Greene, Pres., Peekskill; F. H. Kellogg, Vice-Pres.,
New Rochelle; G. P. Holden, Sec. and Treas., Yonkers.

CENTRAL NEW YORK ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF AL-
BANY 3IEDICAL COLLEGE.

OFFICERS.— I. S. Edsall, Pres., Middleville; F. H. Brewer, Sec, Utica;
W. C. Kellogg, Treas., Syracuse.

CENTRAL NEW YORK MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.— Organ
ized January 29, 1868, for the advancement of medical science and promotion
of professional intercourse among practitioners of the district. Requirements
for membership are: Attendance upon two consecutive meetings as a dele-
gate from a "regular" county or city medical society, or from a hospital,
asylum, or medical college within the district. Other counties may join.
Meets third Tuesday in October, in rotation at Rochester, Buffalo, and Syra-
cuse. Auburn by special invitation only.

OFFICERS.— D. M. Totman, Pres., Syracuse; C. A. Greenleaf, Sec, Canoga;
W. M. Brown, Treas., Rochester.

NEW^ YORK AND NEW^ ENGLAND ASSOCIATION OF
RAILWAY SURGEONS.— Organized in 1891. Every member is employed
as a surgeon of a railway company. Meets annually the middle of November
at the New York Academy of Medicine, 17 W. 43d st., N. Y. City.

OFFICERS.— J. P. Creveling, Pres., Auburn, N. Y. ; H. T. Dana, 1st Vice-
Pres., Cortland, N. Y. ; F. A. Stillings, 2d Vice-Pres., Concord, N. H. ; G.
Chaffee, Sec, 338 47th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. ; C. B. Herrick, Asst. Sec, Troy,
N. Y. ; J. K. Stockwell, Treas., Oswego, N. Y.

NORTHERN NEW YORK MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.-Organ-

Ized 1870, incorporated 1888, for the advancement of science, elevation of the
standard of medical education, promotion and care of public health, and
mutual improvement. Requirements for membership are: Membership in the
County Society -^vhere the applicant resides in the State of New York or
regularly qualified physicians of other States or of Canada. Meets second
Tuesday in October at a place chosen at a previous meeting; this year at
Norwood, N. Y.

OFFICERS.— E. S. McClellan, Pres. ; W. C. Smith, Vice-Pres. ; A. G. Wild-
ing, Sec, Malone; G. H. Oliver, Treas.

BINGHAMTON.

BINGHAMTON ACADEMY OF MEDICINE.— Organized in July,
1854. Membership: Regular practitioners of medicine and surgery in Bing-
hamton and vicinity. Meets third Tuesday evening of each month, except
June, July and August, at the Public Library, Binghamton. Annual meeting
in September.

OFFICERS.— F. M. Dyer, Pres. ; J. H. Martin, Vice-Pres. ; B. W. Stearns,
Sec. ; W. S. Overton, Treas.

BUFFALO.
BUFFALO ACADEMY OF MEDICINE.— Organized May 17, 1892.
by the amalgamation of the Buffalo Medical and Surgical Association, Ob-
stetrical Society, Pathological Society, and Clinical Society for the promotion
of the science and art of medicine, including the maintenance of a medical
library and a museum. A member must be a graduate in medicine In active
practice for two years, and must be a resident of Buffalo. Surgeons and



690 MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE.

medical officers of the U. S. Army, Navy, and Marine Hospital Service, and
physicians residing outside of the city of Buffalo, may be admitted as non-
resident fellows. Annual dues, $5 for resident fellows; $3 for non-resident
fellows. Meets Tuesday evenings at the Academy Parlors, Public Library
Building, Broadway and Washington st., except during June, July and August.
Annual meeting in June.

OFFICERS. — C. S. Jewett, Pres. ; E. A. Bowerman, Sec, 237 E. Utica St.;
W. I. Thornton, Treas.

BUFFALO MEDICAL, CLINIC.

OFFICERS.— L. E. Curtice, Pres. ; J. Middleton, Vice-Pres. ; G. A. Sloan.
Sec.

^ESCULAPIAN CLUB OF BUFFALO.— Organized 1897, for the care-
ful consideration of subjects having to do with the science of medicine, and
the promotion of social intercourse among its members. Membership limited
to twenty-five. Meets at the residences of members or hotel designated by
host third Thursday of each month, except May, June, July and August.



Online LibraryMedical Society of the State of New York (1807- )Medical directory of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut (Volume v.8) → online text (page 99 of 137)