Methodist Episcopal Church. Board of Education.

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do no better work than to protest against this tendency. Science was made
for man, and not man for sdence. The devdopment of character is a greater
work than the discovery or the teaching of details of sdentific fact and theory.
In college administration we must demand that greater attention be given to
moral and rdigious character in the sdection of professors. In our own life
and work we must recognize that our responsibility for the character of our
students is not all discharged by the maintenance of a good example in general
conduct, or by the exhibition of manliness in the dass room, however important
these things may be. We must recognize the obligation to make some direct
and conscious effort to save the students under .our influence from evil courses
in thought and action, and to bring them into loyalty to the highest ideals, even
though our investigations go on a little more slowly, and our books and papers are
published a little less frequently. In one respect, it becomes us to note, our

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The Christian Student 9

pastoral opporttmity is increased by the change in educational methods. Every
professor has a small body of students who take his advanced electives, with
whom he comes naturally into somewhat intimate association. In his relations
with that group of students he may well recognize his pastoral opportunity.

Among the most precious memories which a third of a century of teaching
has brought to me is the memory of an instance now and then in which some
student has gone from my college room with a new purpose that has developed
into a better and truer life. Yet I hardly dare to enjoy those precious memories.
The gratitude which I feel for them is almost lost in the feeling of shame and
penitence that those instances have been so few. Perhaps in that word of
confession I speak the experience of other Christian teachers as well as my own.
— From The Bible in Practical Life, being Proceedings of the Second Conven-
tion of the Religious Education Association at Philadelphia, 1904.

Coarse of Sttidy for Htnisters and for Others Who Hay Be


In response to the formal action of some of our Conferences and the informal
request made by many individuals, the Corresponding Secretary of the Board
of Education presents herewith a course of study designed especially for the use
of ministers after the completion of the regular Conference course, and for
any others who may wish to pursue it

In arranging this outline the Secretary has called to his assistance many
specialists who rank among the best scholars of our church, most of them in our
educational institutions. He has also consulted a number of distinguished
scholars of other denominations. He gladly acknowledges the large assistance
which has thus been received and his consequent obligation to these good friends.

Many of the books named have been read thoroughly. In the nature of the
case it has not been possible to read all of them. But each volume mentioned
which has not been read entire has been carefully examined and has been placed
in the list after deliberate consideration of its merits. The fact that this course
presupposes the regular Conference course of study will account for the absence
from the list of some notable books which otherwise would have been named.

Of course, it could not be expected in a series of books covering so wide a
range of subjects that any individual would undertake to make himself respon-
sible for every detail of their authors' teachings. The Secretary frankly admits
that he does not ag^ee with certain positions taken by some of these authors.
His aim has not been to select books with which he would personally agree in
every particular. He has not sought to foist his own views upon the church,
nor by them to limit his recommendations, but to bring to the attention of those
who might be interested in the various subjects the ablest discussions obtainable
upon these lines of investigation. The selections have been finally made after
wide research and close reflection. There is not a book in the entire course
which will not minister to a large and intelligent faith. Taken together in
groups they will furnish a comprehensive view of the respective fidds covered
by the outline.

The need of systematic work after the completion of the Conference course
of study is self-evident. The realization of this need led to the action of the
Conferences referred to and has been expressed very frequently in personal con-
versation by a large number of ministers. The temptation to scrappiness is a

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10 The Christian Student

common one. Much valuable time is frittered away in haphazard work. It is
hoped that this outline course of study may be serviceable in inducing systematic
mental application.

The Rev. Benjamin M. Adams, that preeminent servant of God, used to
say to the young ministers, "If you would retain a young heart and remain an
enthusiast all your life ever keep living on the line of discovery." There is a
wealth of wisdom in the saying. So long as a man lives on the line of discovery
he is no danger of the dead line. Indeed, there is not other safeguard against
the dead line. It is true of all life that the moment of the cessation of growth
marks the beginning of decay. The intdlectual life of the preacher is no cxcqh
tion to this general law.

It is said that upon the tomb of John Richard Green, the great English his-
torian, is the inscription, ''He died learning." So should every man. And better
still, so fnay every man. Alexander while yet a young man may sit down and
weep because there are no more worlds to conquer, but such an attitude is not
possible at any time of life to the man who, like Bacon, accepts for himself t)ie
motto, "I have taken all knowledge for my realm." It is remarkable how men
of vigorous intellectual life retain the qualities of youth in the advanced years.
Men like Victor Hugo and Gladstone are fine instances.

Moreover, there is a very close relationship between a vigorous intellectual
life and the highest spiritual attainment. Those who disassociate the two in
their own thought do great injustice to the facts. He who has not learned that
one of the best methods of escape from spiritual apathy is through strenuous
intellectual effort has studied to poor advantage indeed. Intellectual slovenli-
ness and true spirituality do not agree happily in dose companionship.

It is recommended that the mastery of one of these courses of study be under-
taken as an extra line of work for a year. In no case ought any minister
undertake to cover more than two in that time, and one thoroughly mastered
would be better.

With the single exception of the Hastings Bible Dictionary every volume
herein named may be obtained through our Book Concern. This dictionary
is published by Charles Scribner's Sons, of New York, and is sold by subscrip-
tion only. In case those desiring to order it do not know an agent through
whom the order may be placed, they may order directly from the publishers,
and we should be pleased if they would kindly mention The Christiak Student.

Course in Bible Study

For the entire subject of biblical investigation undoubtedly the best thing
published in recent years is the Hastings Dictionary of the Bible, five volumes
(1900). In addition we recommend the following:

The Bible in Practical Life (1904), being Proceedings of the Second Convention

of the Religious Education Association.
An Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament (1897), S. R. Driver,

D.D., Regius Professor, Oxford.
Old Testament Prophecy (1903), the late A. B. Davidson, D.D., LL.D., littD.,

Professor of Hebrew, New College, Edinburgh.
The Theology of the Old Testament (1904), A, B. Davidson.
The Doctrine of the Prophets (1892), A. F. Kirkpatrick, D.D., Regius Professor

of Hebrew and Fellow of Trinity College.

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The Christian Student 11

The Life of Our Lord, considered in its historical, chronological, and geograph-
ical relations (1891), Samuel J. Andrews.
Studies of the Portrait of Christ (1899), two volumes, George Matheson, D.D.,

M.A., F.R.S.E,
Studies of the Man Jesus Christ (1896), Robert E. Speer, Secretary of the

Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions.
The Theology of the New Testament (1899), George Barker Stevens, D.D.,

Ph.D., Professor of Systematic Theology in Yale University.
The Apostolic Age (1899), James Vernon Bartlet, M.A.
Saint Paul the Traveler and the Roman Citizen (1895), W. M. Ramsay, D.C.L.,

LL.D., Professor of Humanity, Aberdeen.
The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia and Their Place in the Plan of the

Apocalypse (1904), W. M. Ramsay.
The Historical Geography of the Holy Land (1894), George Adam Smith, D.D.,

Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Exegesis, Free Church College,

Studies in the Teachings of Jesus and His Apostles (1901), Edward I. Bosworth.
The Truth of the Apostolic Gospd (1904), Principal R. A. Falconer, Litt.D.

Course in Ethics

Principles of Ethics (1892), Borden P. Bowne, Professor of Philosophy in

Boston University.
A Study of Ethical Principles (1897), James Seth, M.A., Professor of Moral

Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh.
A Manual of Ethics (1901), John S. MacKenzie, M.A., Professor of Logic and

Philosophy in the University of South Wales and Monmouthshire.
Types of Ethical Theory (two volumes) (1885), James Martineau, D.D., S.T.D.,

D.C.L., LLD.
The Making of Character (1900), by John MacCunn, M.A., LLD., Balliol

College, Oxford, Professor of Philosophy in University College, Liverpool.
The Law of Love and Love as a Law (1881), Mark Hopkins, D.D., LLD.
The Christian Philosophy of Life (1904), sermons preached in the Dartmouth

College Church, Samuel Penniman Leeds, pastor.

Course in Philosophy

History of Philosophy (1896), Alfred Weber, Professor in the University of

Introduction to Philosophy (1890), George Trumbull Ladd, Professor of Philos-
ophy, Yale University.

Theism (1887), Borden P. Bowne, Professor of Philosophy in Boston University.

Metaphysics (1882), Borden P. Bowne.

Theory of Thought and Knowledge (1897), Borden P. Bowne.

Philosophy of Theism (1899), Alexander Campbell Eraser, LL.D., Emeritus
Professor of Logic and Metaphysics, University of Edinburgh; D.C.L,

The Will to Believe, and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy (1896), William
James, Professor of Psychology in Harvard University.

The Idea of God as Affected by Modem Knowledge (1885), John Fiske.

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12 The Christian Student

Theism (1889), Robert Flint, D.D., LL.D., F.R.S.E.
The Foundations of Belief (1894), the Right Hon. Arthur James Balfour.
A Study of Rdigion: Its Sources and Contents (two volumes) (1887), James
Marfineau, D.D., S.T.D., D.C.L., LL.D.


An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (1880), John Caird, D.D., LL.D.,
Principal and Vice-Chancdlor of the University of Glasgow.

The Philosophy of the Christian Religion (1902), Andrew Martin Fairbaim,
M.A., D.D., LL.D., Principal of Mansfield College, Oxford,

Christian Faith in an Age of Science (1903), William North Rice, Ph.D., LL.D.,
Professor of Geology in Wesleyan University.

Thoughts on Religion (1894), George John Romanes, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S.,
edited by Charles Gore, M.A., Canon of Westminster.

The Divine Drama, the Manifestotion of God in the Universe (1898), Granville
Ross Pike.

The Religion of the Incarnation (1903), Bishop Eugene Russell Hendrix, D.D.,

The Permanent Elements of Religion (1889}, W. Boyd Carpenter, Bishop of

Things Fundamental (1903), a course of thirteen discourses in modem Apolo-
getics,, Charles Edward Jefferson, pastor of Broadway Tabernacle, New
York city.

Course vor thb Study of thb Pons

The Great Poets and Their Theology (1897), Augustus H. Strong, D.D., LL.D.,

President of Rochester Theological Seminary.
Aspects of Poetry (1881), John Campbell Shairp, LL.D.
Theology in the English Poets (1875), Stopford A. Brooke, M.A,, LL.D.
The Religious Spirit in the Poets (1901), W. Boyd Carpenter, Bishop of Ripon.
Religion in Literature and Religion in Life (1901), Stopford A. Brooke.
Homer and the Epic (1893), Andrew Lang.
The Roman Poets: Virgil (1876), W. Y. Sdlar.
Aids to the Study of Dante (1903), Charles Allen Dinsmore.
Shakespeare: Poet, Dramatist, and Man (1900), Hamilton Wright Mabie.
Shakespeare's Portrayal of the Moral Life (1902), Frank Chapman Sharp, Ph.D.,

Assistant Professor of Philosophy in tihe University of Wisconsin.
Milton (1900), Walter Raleigh.
Goethe Reviewed (1892), J. R. Seelcy.
The Browning Cyclopedia (1892), Edward Berdoe.
Guidance from Robert Browning in Matters of Faith (1904)1 John A, Hutton,

The Poetry of Tennyson (1889), Henry van Dyke.

Course in SoaoLocv

Social Aspects of Christianity (1887), Brooke Foss Westcott, D.D., D.CL,

Bishop of Durham.
The Worid as the Subject of Redemption (1895), Hon. W. H. Fremantle, D.D.,

Dean of Ripon.

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Tlie Christian Student 13

Jestis Christ and the Social Question (1900), Francis Greenwood Peabody, Pltun-
mer Professor of Christian Morals in Harvard University.

Outlines of Social Theology (1895), William DeWitt Hyde, President of Bow-
doin College.

Contemporary Socialism (1891), John Rae, M.A.^ LL.D., Edinburgh.

Social Evolution (1894), Benjamin Kidd.

Principles of Western Civilization (1902), Benjamin Kidd.

The Study of Sociology (1873). Herbert Spencer.

The Elements of Sociology (1902), Franklin Henry Giddings, M.A., Ph.D.,
Professor of Sociology in Columbia University, New York dty.

An Introduction to the Study of Sociology (1894), Albion W. Small, Ph.D.,
Head Professor of Sociology in University of Chicago, and George E. Vin-
cent, Vice-Chancellor of the Chautauqua System of Education.

Industrial Democracy (1897), Sidney and Beatrice Webb.

The Social Unrest (igos), studies in labor and socialist movements, John Gra-
ham Brooks.

Wealth against Commonwealth (1894), Henry Demarest Lloyd.

The Next Great Awakening (1902), Josiah Strong, D.D.

Mutual Aid a Factor of Evolution (1902), P. Kropotkin.

American Charities (1894), Amos G. Warner, Professor of Economics and Social
Science in the Leland Stanford Jr. University.

The Principles of Relief (1904), Edward T. Devine, Ph.D., LL.D.

The Criminal (1890), Havdock Ellis.

The Shame of the Cities (1904), Lincoln Steffens.

Sodalism and the American Spirit (1893), Nicholas Paine Gilman.

A Dividend to Labor (1899), ^ study of employers' welfare institutions, Nicholas
Paine Gilman.

The Saloon Problem and Social Reform (1904), John M. Barker, Ph.D., Pro-
fessor of Sociology in Boston Theological Seminary.

A Century of Drink Reform in the United States (1904), August F. Fehlandt

The Liquor Problem (1897), Frederick H. Wines and John Koren, prepared for
the Committee of Fifty.

Substitutes for the Saloon (1901), Raymond Calkins, prepared for the Committee
of Fifty.

Course in Theology

The Place of Christ in Modem Theology (1893), A. M. Fairbaim, D.D., Prin-
cipal of Mansfield College, Oxford.

System of Christian Doctrine (1903), Henry C. Sheldon, Professor in Boston

Ah OuUine of Christian Theology (1894), William Newton Qark, D.D., Pro-
fessor of Christian Theology in Colgate University.

Theology of the Old Testament (1873), Dr. Gust. Fr. Oehler, late Professor
Ordinarius of Theology in Tubingen.

Biblical Theology of the New Testament (1879), Dr. Bemhard Weiss, Cotm-
sdor of the Consistory and Professor of Theology in Berlin.

The Christian View of God and the World (1893), James Orr, D.D., Professor
of Apologttics and Systematic Theology, United Fre^ Church College,

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14 The Chrifltitn Student

The Christian Doctrine of Immortality (1895), Stewart D. F. Salmond, M.A.,
D.D., F.E.LS., Principal and Professor of Theology, United Free Church
College, Aberdeen.

Reconstruction in Theology (1901}, Henry Churchill King, President of Oberlin

Life Everlasting (1901), John Fiske.

The Annual Meeting of the Board of Education

The annual meeting of the Board of Education of the Methodist Episcopal
Church was held in the office of the Board, 150 Fifth Avenue, New York, on
Thursday, December 8, 1904, at 2 p. m., with the following members present:
Bishop E. G. Andrews, D.D., LL.D., the Rev. J. W. Lindsay, D.D., the Rev.
William F. King, D.D., the Rev. Ezra S. Tipple, D.D., President A. W. Harris,
LL.D., H. C M. Ingraham, LL.D., Mr. J. Edgar Leaycraft, Mr. Robert F.
Raymond, and Mr. Durbin Home.

Bishop Andrews presided and Dr. Harris conducted the devotional exer-
cises. Word was received from Bishop Fowler, Dr. Bridgman, and Mr. Slay-
back regretting their absence.

The Corresponding Secretary read his annual report, and such parts of it
were ordered printed in the church press as would be of interest to the public

Mr. J. Edgar Leaycraft, Treasurer, presented his report, t^rhich was ordered

The Auditing Committee reported that a meeting of the committee had
been held after the death of Mr. Jos. S. Stout, former Treasurer, and that all
accounts of the Treasurer had been audited and that all accounts and all secur-
ities were found correct in form and substance before they were transferred
to the new Treasurer, Mr. J. Edgar Leaycraft On motion the report was
approved. (A further report of the Auditing Committee will be found at the
dose of the Treasurer's report, on page 21.)

The Committee on Publications reported recommending the continuance
of The Christian STxn>ENT and the issuance of such leaflets as might best
give information concerning the work of the Board.

The Committee on University Senate reported through the Annual Report
of the Corresponding Secretary with regard to certain important action at the
last meeting of the Senate. (See Secretary's Report.)

The Committee on the Cancellation of Loans made its report in the same

On motion, the Board ordered an appropriation of $110,000 to be loaned
under the rules for the coming year.

The Corresponding Secretary asked consideration of the question of loans
to foreign students in our schools in this country and to students in foreign
schools, and after discussion the subject was referred to the Committee on the
Cancdlation of Loans, to consider and report to the Board at its next meeting
some policy in accord with which loans may be made to foreign students in the
future and past loans considered.

On motion, the allowance for the Treasurer's expenses was fixed at $600
for the coming year.

The following officers were elected: President, Bishop E. G. Andrews;
Recording Secretary, the Rev. Ezra S. Tipple; Treasurer, Mr. J. Edgar Leaycraft

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The Christian Student 15

The following committees were appointed:

On Appropriations: Bishop Andrews, Bishop Fowler, President Harris, and
Dr. Tipple.

On Finance: Mr. Slayback, Mr. Leaycraft, and Mr. Ingraham.

Auditing: Mr. Ingraham, Mr. Slayback, and Mr. Home.

Location of Educational Institutions: Bishop Andrews, Dr. King, and Dr.

Cancellation of Loans: Bishop Andrews, Bishop Fowler, Dr. Lindsay, and
Mr. Raymond.

University Senate and Recognition of G)lleges: Bishop Andrews, Dr. King,
Dr. Lindsay, and Dr. Bridgman.

Publications: Mr. Rajrmond, Mr. Slayback, and Bishop Andrews.

The Corresponding Secretary is a member ex aiRcio of all committees.

After the reading and approval of the minutes the Board adjourned.

CoffcspoficBfig Secfetftfy s Report

Decembek 8, 1904.
To the Board of -EducoHon:

I b^ herewith to submit my annual report for the year:


It is a real pleasure for me first of all to make mention of the excellent
condition of the affairs of the office as left by my honored predecessor Dr.
(now Bishop) William F. McDowell.

It is with profound sorrow that I must note the death of two former
servants of the Board of Education— Jos. Suydam Stout, of New York, and
John G. Holmes, of Pittsburg. The Christian Student for August contained
a brief tribute to the memory of Mr. Stout, and the issue for November a
tribute to the memory of Mr. Holmes. The Board of Education is now asked
to make permanent record of its appreciation of the splendid services of these
two honored members.

At the recent meeting of the Board of Bishops held in New Haven Mr.
Durbin Home was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Holmes.
I have already assured Mr. Home of our pleasure in his appointment


The income from Children's Day collections during the fiscal year is $71,-
541.44, an increase of $301.40. This is the largest collection in the history of
the Board. We are deeply grateful to pastors, Sunday school superintendents,
and contributors throughout the church for this magnificent offering to our

The income from Retumed Loans is $28,811.25, being a decrease of $758.18.
It is easy to account for this decrease. We have found the most efficient way
of making collections to be through some representative of the faculty of the
institution at which the beneficiary has been a student Two of our most
efficient collectors have not been able for good reasons to devote the usual

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16 The Christian Student

amottnt of time to this work during the past year. The heads of our institu-
tions can render the Board great service by putting this work into the hands
of some businesslike and energetic member of the faculty.

The income from special contributions and bequests is a blank this year
as it was last It is to be expected, of course, that this source of revenue will
be a variable quantity.

There has been an additional income from the sale of portions of the Gold-
thorpe estate amounting to $303.21.

In response to the suggestion made from time to time by my predecessor
in office a new fund has been formed for the aid of needy institutions. One
friend sent us a check for $250 and another a check for $25. It is a small
beginning for a work along a line of great need. It is certainly hoped that
the friends of Christian education will make it possible for our Board to be of
material assistance to the struggling institutions of the church.

The income from interest apart from annuities is $16,086.20. This makes
our total available income for the year $117,521.87.'


It will be recalled that a year ago we appropriated $100,000 for the use of
institutions, to be loaned to students. During the year we have disbursed in
loans $99,255.76, and had on hand at the dose of the fiscal year, November 30,
applications from schools for at least $5,000 more. It will thus be seen that
we have disbursed in loans $8,560.71 beyond the amount loaned last year. The
demand of our institutions for loans to students is larger than at^any other
time in the history of the society. I therefore recommend that the amount
appropriated for the use of institutions this year be $iio,ooa

Loans Made and Loans Returned

The total number of students aided during the year is 1,723, being an m-
crease of 36. This is for the school year ending last June. The number of
persons aided from December to December is much larger than from December
to December of the previous year. The school year and the fiscal year do not
correspond. The amount of money disbursed directly for the school year
ending July i, 1904, was $93,652.51. The retained collections in the foreign
sdiods amounted to $257.15, making a total of $93,909.66, this being once more
for the school year ending July i and not exactly corresponding to the fiscal
year ending December i. The average amount loaned to each student was
$54-50, being an increase of $2.05 in average.

The number of students aided last year, also detailed statement showing
nationality of students aided, and covering geographical distribution of bene-
ficiaries by schools, intended calling, and departments of study, is also here
presented :

Total number 1,723

Of this number we had formerly aided 1,019

Aided first time this year 704

Men students. 1,376

Women students 347

* These figvret differ somewhat firom those reported in connectioii with the annual meeting of the Board
leoently published in the church rapers. Certain items have been added to the interest account which U
Im beda CQMtomaxj to indiido io fermer jrears, but which were omitted by an oversight.

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The Christian Student 17

Naticmalities and races :

American (white) 1,266

American (colored) 203

(Canadian 28

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