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PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS
NEW EDITION REVISED AND ENLARGED
UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF
GEORGE C. WILLIAMSON, Lirr.D.
WITH NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS
VOLUME IV N-R
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LONDON : GEORGE BELL AND SONS
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NOTE TO VOL. IV
CHIEF perhaps in importance in this volume are the new biographies of the great
British painters, Keynolds, Romney, Raeburn, Rossetti, and Russell. The first
President of the Academy has been undertaken by Mr. Algernon Graves, F.S.A.,
the leading authority of the day. The biography of Romney has been contributed
by Mr. Roberts, who is now engaged upon a monograph on that artist. Raeburn
has been fittingly given to the Scots critic, Mr. Caw, who has devoted special
attention to the portraits of that master. Rossetti has naturally fallen to Mr.
Marillier, his latest biographer, and Russell to the Editor, as the author of a monograph
on the great painter in pastel.
A very striking article on Ruskin has been contributed by Mr. Frederic Harrison,
who better than almost any other writer of the present day realizes the influence upon
art exercised by " The Master," while another biography deserving special mention is
the one on Titian by Mr. Herbert Cook, who has also written the biography of
Previtali. Rembrandt and Rubens have fallen to Mr. Malcolm Bell, and the Editor
calls attention to the exhaustive and carefully-classified lists of works, especially by
Rembrandt, which that writer has provided.
Amongst the Italian Masters the curious and bewildering school of the Piazzas
with Piazzetta and the Pitati, once known as the Bonifazio I., II., and III., have
been under the charge of Miss Constance Jocelyn Ffoulkes ; the work of Raphael
has been treated in the light of recent research by Julia Cartwright (Mrs. Ady),
and Mr. Selwyn Brinton has made a careful study of Pisano.
Some of the lesser-known men have been undertaken by Mr. R. H. Hobart Cust,
and particular attention may be directed to his articles on Neroccio, Pacchiarotti, and
Entirely new biographies based upon recent monographs also appear in this
volume upon Tintoretto and Francia, and a very complete one of Guido, whose
pictures are worthy of more attention than they receive at the present time, while
with regard to Palma the Editor has been fortunate enough to enlist the services of
Dr. Gronau, and so to secure the very latest discovered information respecting that
The veteran Mr. Weale has, as in other volumes, taken the Flemish painters
under bis care, and the biographies of P. Nachtegaele, Neufchatel, Nieulant, Oost
(three), Orley (three), A. van Ouwater, A. van Overbeck, J. Prevost, Pourbus (three),
P. Quast, A. Raguineau, J. Ramey, and Rijckaerts (three) are from his pen, while
vi NOTE TO VOL. IV.
he has also assisted in correcting the various Ravesteyn biographies. Dr. Martin of
the Hague has been mainly responsible for these last-named articles, and also for
those on Adriaen, Isack van Ostade, Paulus Potter, and Ruisdael.
The miniature painters have not been overlooked, and the three Robertsons, who
have never before received their full measure of attention, are the subjects of special
biographies by Miss Emily Robertson, the daughter of Andrew Robertson. New
lives have been contributed of Isaac and of Peter Oliver, of Andrew and Nathaniel
Plimer, of Nixon, Prieur, and many of the lesser-known painters in miniature
As in previous volumes, Dr. Laing of Dundee has undertaken various members of
the Scottish and allied Schools, writing the biographies of R. H. Nibbs, W. H. Overend,
R. Nightingale, Walter H. Paton, P. W. Nicholson, A. W. Rattray, F. R. Pickersgill,
W. P. Osborne, J. T. Ross, P. Peel, C. Pearson, and others, while the two artists named
Arthur Perigal have been the subjects of special articles by Mrs. O'Reilly, the daughter
of the younger painter.
Some attention has been directed to gifted amateurs such as Dr. Propert, art
writers and critics as J. Hungerford Pollen and R. Redgrave, glass painters as Peckitt,
Oliver, and Price, caricaturists as Rowlaudson, medallists as Pistrucci and Pingo,
flower painters as Marianne North and Maud Naftel, and artists who are specially
known in connection with architecture and decoration, such as the members of the
Pugin (three), Papworth (six), and Parry (six) families. Several of these new
biographies have been written by members of the families concerned, or by experts
who have devoted particular attention to the artists in question.
i The Liverpool painters, F. C. Newcombe, J. W. Oakes, B. Ousey, H. C. Pidgeon,
J. Pelham, J. Pennington, and G. Nicholson have been given into the care of Mr.
Dibdin, who has been devoted for many years to the study of their paintings.
Mr. Martin Hardie of the South Kensington Art Library, beside helping very
much with the minor painters in miniature, has contributed the lives of H. Ninham,
W. Parrott, John Pettie, D. C. Read, T. M. Richardson, C. J. Richardson, and
important articles on Puvis de Chavannes and T. Rowlandson.
Amongst other artists who have been the subject of particular biographies should
be mentioned Geo. Pinwell by the Editor, F. H. Potter by Mr. J. Baillie, E. T. Parris
by Mr. W. Roberts, S. W. Reynolds the engraver by Mr. Alfred Whitman of the Print
Room, British Museum, Pater by Mr. Staley, Room and Roden by Mr. Chamberlain of
the Birmingham Art Gallery, G. Piranesi by Mr. Oldmeadow.'and also J. T. Nettleship
and Sir Noel Paton.
American artists have not been overlooked, and biographies of T. Nast, J. Neagle,
C. Pearson, W. Page, C. W. Peale, R. Peale, W. L. Picknell, and P. F. Rothermel may
be taken as illustrative of the attention given to this section of the book.
Mr. Pinkerton is responsible for very many of the notices of foreign painters, and
beside the many names that have been mentioned, there appear in the long roll of the
rank and file the names of Paul J. Naftel, L. von Nagel, J. C. Nattes, C. G. Naumann,
J. Navlet, V. Navlet, F. H. Nazon, B. Neher, L. Neubert, E. N. Neureuther, L.
NOTE TO VOL. IV. vii
Neustatter, E. J. Newell, R. H. Newell, Lady Newton, T. Nicholson, J. Nixon,
R. Nixon, George Noble, Samuel Noble, F. Nodder, R. Norbury, B. Nordenberg,
C. Norris, F. Nower, L. Nulck, G. Nuti, A. Obermullner, John O'Connor, K. W.
Oesterley, D. Ogborne, F. W. Oliphant, E. F. Otho, Carl Otto, C. A. Pabst,
A. L. C. Pagnest, F. Palizzi, G. W. Palm, V. Palmaroli, J. E. Pannier, V. de
Papeleu, E. M. Papermann, Camille Paris, H. P. Parker, A. Pasini, B. Pasini,
L. Passini, Isidore Patrois, 0. Patzig, A. Pauli, F. Paulsen, W. F. Pauwels, R. Peake,
Sir R. Peake, J. L. Pearson, Carlo Pellegrini, J. C. L. L. Pellenc, L. G. Pelouse,
L. F. Penet, O. Penguilly L'Haridon, C. 0. de Penne, C. F. J. Pensee, D. Penther, A.
Pequegnot, P. E. Peraire, S. R. Percy, A. G. Perez, A. von Perger, A. H. Perin, W. G.
Peroff, C. Perrandeau, M. Perret, E. Perrin, E. Perseus, J. Peszka, P. F. Peters, J. B.
Peyrol, K. G. Pfannschmidt, N. G. Philips, J. G. Philp, H. Picard, E. Pichio, P. A. Pichon,
N. E. Pickenoy, George Pickering, H. P. Picou, K. von Pidoll, E. U. B. Piglhein,
H. Pillati, C. H. Pille, J. Pilliard, F. Piloty, R. Pilsbury, A. Pincon, E. Pinel,
E. H. T. Pingret, C. Pissarro, F. Pitner, P. Pittori, J. Plank, M. Plaschke, C. Plasencia,
A. E. Plassan, H. Plathner, F. Plattner, 0. Pletsch, H. Pluchart, F. Podesti,
H. Pohle, L. Pomey, C. M. Popelin-Ducarre, C. A. Porcher, J. F. Portaels, W.
Portmann, [G. Postma, A. T. Potemont, L. J. Pott, H. Potuyl, H. Pranischnikoff,
E. de Pratere, F. Preller, K. L. Preusser, J. W. Preyer, J. C. Puttner, L. Quarante,
K. G. Quarnstrom, E. Quenedey, J. F. Quesnel, J. Quinaux, G. Raab, M. R. Radiguet,
S. Radin, E. Raffort, D. Rahoult, P. A. Rajon, J. M. Ranftl, V. J. Rauvier, A. Rapin,
P. E. le Rat, S. Rayner, J. Rebell, A. M. Rebonet-Alboy, K. Rechlin, R. and S. Redgrave,
B. Reher, A. Reid, F. Reiff, B. Reinhold, A. Renan, E. Renouf, J. Resch, W. A. Reuter,
J. H. Reve, A. T. Ribot, E. Richard, J. Richaud, Geo. Richmond, J. Richomme,
A. Richter, M. W. Ridley, A. Rimmer, E. Riou, A. C. Risler, A. H. Rivey,
H. P. Riviere, A. Robert, L. Robie, H. Robinson, 0. G. de Rochebrune, K. Rochussen,
H. Rodakowski, W. Roelofs, C. M. Roerbye, J. Roeting, K. Rohde, N. Rohde, H. H.
Rolland de la Porte, Karl Rolle, A. Romako, A. G. Romberg, C. Ronot, F. Rops,
Rosemale, L. M. Rossetti, F. Rothbart, G. Rouget, M. von Rouvroy, C. Roux,
L. P. Roux, D. H. Rozier, A. A. Rube, P. E. Rudell, J. Ruinart de Bilmont,
W. H. Rule, P. P. Rumpf, H. F. G. von Rustige.
In all there are more than three hundred and fifty new biographies in this
volume, a far larger number than in any of the preceding volumes; while, in
addition to these, many other biographies have been revised and amplified, and
upwards of one thousand corrections and emendations have been introduced.
As confusion frequently arises in the alphabetical arrangement of biographical dic-
tionaries owing to the arbitrary mode in which it has been customary to deal with such
names as are preceded by an article or a preposition, or by both, it has been thought
desirable in this work to adopt the grammatical principle sanctioned by the Belgian
Academy in regard to the names of Flemish and French (or Walloon) origin, which
are included in the ' Biographie Nationale.'
The arrangement therefore is according to the following plan :
I. Every artist having a surname is placed under that surname, cross-references being
given from assumed names and sobriquets whenever needed.
Thus, Correggio is entered under Allegri, Antonio.
Pinturicchio Biagio, Bernardino.
Sebastiano del Piombo Luciani, Sebasliano.
Tintoretto Robusti, Jacopo.
(a) When the prefix to a name is an article it remains annexed, because it is an integral
part of the name ; but when it is a preposition, it is disunited, because it indicates the place
of origin or birth of the artist, or a territorial or seigneurial name. Thus, the French Le
and La, and the equivalent Dutch and Flemish De are retained ; while the French de, the
Italian da and di, the German von, and the Dutch and Flemish van are rejected.
Thus, Charles Le, Brun is entered under Le Brun.
Jan David De Heem De Heem.
Jean Franfois de Troy Troy.
Heinrich Maria von Hess Hess.
Isack van Ostade Ostade.
(b) When the prefix is an article joined to or preceded by a preposition, as in the French
du, de la, and des, the Italian del, della, degli, dai, dayli, and dalle, the Spanish del and de
la, and the Dutch van der, van de, van den, and ver (a contraction for van der), it cannot be
disunited from the proper name, because the particles together represent the genitive case
of the article.
Thus, Alphonse du Fresnoy is entered under Du Fresnoy.
Laurent de La Eire De La Hire.
Niccolo dell' Abbate DeW Ablate.
Girolamo dai Libri Dai Libri.
Willem van de Velde Van de Velde.
(c) English artists bearing foreign names are placed under the prefix, whether it be an
article or a preposition.
Thus, Peter De Wint is entered under De Wint.
(d) Proper names with the prefix St. are placed as though the word Saint were written
in full : and similarly, M' and Me are arranged as Mac.
(e) Foreign compound names are arranged under the first name.
Thus, Bapliste Aubry-Lecomte is entered under Aubnj-Lecomte.
Juan Cano de Arevalo ,, Cano de Arevalo.
II. An artist having no surname is placed under the name of the place from which he
is known, or failing that, under his own Christian name
Thus, Andrea da Bologna is entered under Bologna.
Andrea del Sarto Andrea.
Fra Bartolommeo Bartolommeo.
III. Anonymous artists known as the Master of the Crab, the Master of the Die, the
Master of the Hat-Trap, will be found under the common title of Master.
CONTRIBUTORS OF INITIALED ARTICLES.
W. A. ... ... ... ... Sir Walter Armstrong.
J. B. ... ... ... ... J. Baillie.
A. L. B. ... ... ... ... A. LysBaldry.
C. B. ... ... Clara Bell.
M. B. ... ... ... Malcolm Bell.
Ii. B. ... Lawrence Binyon.
8. B. ... Sehvyn Briuton.
J- C. ... Julia Cartwright (Mrs. Ady).
J. L. C. ... J. L. Caw.
A. B. C. ... ... ... Arthur B. Chamberlain.
H. C. ... ... Herbert Cook.
M. C. ... ... ... Maud Cruttwell.
L. C. ... ... ... ... Lionel Oust.
R. H. H. C. ... R. H. Hobart Cust.
G. S. D. ... ... ... Rev. G. S. Davies.
G. R. D. ... ... ... ... G.R.Dennis.
E. R. D. E. R. Dibdin.
C. D. ... ... ... ... Campbell Dodgson.
L. D. ... ... ... ... Langton Douglas.
0. J. D. ... ... ... ... 0. J. Dullea.
C. J. Ff. ... ... ... ... Constance J. Ffoulkes.
R. E. F. ... ... ... ... Roger E. Fry.
R. E. G. ... ... ... ... Robert Edmund Graves.
A. G. ... .,. ... ... Algernon Graves.
G. G. ... ... ... ... Georg Gronau.
M. H. ... ... ... ... Martin Hardie.
F. H. ... ... ... ... Frederic Harrison.
M. M. H. ... ... ... ... Mary M. Heaton.
J. B. S. H. ... ... ... ... J. B. Stoughton Holborn.
C. H. ... ... ... ... Charles Hoi royd.
P. K. ... ... ... ... Paul Kristeller.
J. H. W. L. ... ... ... ... J. H. W. Laing.
G. S. L. ... ... ... ... G. S. Layard.
M. L. ... ... ... ... Mary Logan (Mrs. Berenson).
H. C. M. ... ... ... ... H. C. Marillier.
W. M. ... ... ... ... W. Martin.
D. R. M. ... ... ... ... Dora R. Meyrick.
L. 0. ... ... ... Lucy Olcott.
E. J. 0. ... E. J. Oldmeadow.
CONTRIBUTORS OF INITIALED ARTICLES.
A. O'R. ... ... ... ... Agnes O'Reilly.
F. M. P. ... ... ... F. M. Perkins.
P. P. ... ... ... ... Percy Pinkerton.
A. H. P. ... ... ... ... A. H. Pollen.
S. P. P. ... ... ... ... S. Pugin Powell.
C. R. ... ... ... ... Corrado Ricci.
R. R. ... ... ... ... Ralph Pdchardson.
J. P. R. ... ... ... ... J. P. Richter.
W. R. ... ... ... ... W. Roberts.
E. R. ... ... ... ... Emily Robertson.
W. B. S. ... ... ... ... William Bell Scott.
F. S. ... ... ... ... Florence Simmonds.
H. C. S. ... ... H. Clifford Smith.
E. S. ... ... E. Staley.
E. S. ... ... Elliot Stock.
E. C. S. ... ... E. C. Strutt.
W. H. J. W. ... ... ... W. H. James Weale.
A. W. ... ... ... Albinia Wherry.
A . W. ... ... ... Alfred Whitman.
F. W. W. ... ... ... ... Frederic W. Whyte.
G. C. W. ... ... ... ... George C. Williamson.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
REMBRANDT VAN RUN
PORTRAIT OF AN OLD WOMAN (Photogravure Plate) . National Gallery Frontispiece
LANDSCAPE WITH CASCADE National Gallery To face p. 4
JEAN MARC NATTIER
LA DDCHESSE DE CHARTRES (Photogravure Plate) . . . Stockholm 6
LES TROIS GRACES The Louvre 6
NEROCCIO DI BARTOLOMMEO
THE MADONNA AND CHILD Siena 12
THE MADONNA AND CHILD WITH SAINTS Siena 12
BLOWING BUBBLES National Gallery 14
SIR WILLIAM NEWTON
MR. T. B. BEALE. 1824 .... Collection of Lady Banbury 16
CHRIST AND ST. JOHN Hampton Court 34
HENRY, PRINCE OF WALES Windsor Castle 36
A MAN, NAME UNKNOWN, AGED 30. 1614 Collection of the Queen of Holland 36
ARTHUR CAPEL, EARL OF ESSEX, AND HIS WIFE At one time at Castle Howard 38
HENRY, PRINCE OF WALES \ .... Belvoir Castle ,, 38
ISAAC OLIVER I on one
SIR PHILIP SIDNEY ) P late Welbeck Abbey 38
JAMES VAN OOST (miscalled on the illustration JAKOB)
PORTRAIT OF A BOY. 1650 National Gallery 40
THE WOMAN IN WHITE Tlie Louwe 40
BEENARD VAN ORLEY
THE DEAD CHRIST Brussels 42
ADRIAEN VAN OSTADE
DANCE IN A TAVERN (From the Etching) ...... ,,46
THE SMOKER. 1655 Antioerp 46
ISACK VAN OSTADE
A FOREST SCENE National Gallery 48
JEAN BAPTISTE OUDRY
PANTHERE COUCEEE DANS SA CAGE Stockholm 50
ALBERT VAN OUWATER
THE RAISING OF LAZARUS ... ... Berlin 50
xiv LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
GIACOMO PACCHIAROTTI (miscalled JACOPO PACCHIAROTTO on the illustration)
THE MADONNA AND CHILD National Gallery To face p. 54
JACOPO PALMA, called PALMA VECCHIO
THE THREE SISTERS' Dresden 58
THE DEPOSITION IN THE TOMB, WITH SAN VALERIANO AND SAN MERCURIALS
National Gallery 60
JEAN BAPTISTE JOSEPH PATER
FETE CBAMPETRE South Kensington 78
SIR NOEL PATON
DAWN. LUTHER AT ERFURT . . . Collection of E. H. Brechin, Esq. 78
THE FAIRY RAID Collection of John Polsen, Esq. 78
JEAN BAPTISTE PERRONEAU
LA JEUNE FILLE AU CHAT The Louvre 98
ANNE OF AUSTRIA The Louvre 104
Louis XIV., ANNE OF AUSTRIA, AND A BROTHER OP THE KING The Louvre 104
THE RIVALS Glasgow 104
LORD CHANCELLOR THURLOW National Portrait Gallery 110
H. W. PICKERSGILL
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH National Portrait Gallery 114
ROBERT E. PINE
DAVID GARRICK National Portrait Gallery 120
GEORGE J. PIN WELL
GILBERT A BECKETT'S TROTH (or THE SARACEN MAIDEN) Collection of Sir
John Jaffray 122
THE DOVE-COTE (From the Engraving) 122
THE DARK PRISON (From the Etching) ,,124
A GRAND STAIRCASE WITH COLUMNS AND FOUNTAINS (From the Etching) 124
VITTORE PISANO, called PISANELLO
THE VISION OF ST. ANTHONY AND ST. GEORGE . . National Gallery 126
ADORATION OF THE MAGI Berlin 128
REBECCA, LADY NORTHWICK"| ^
HON. MRS. GRIEVE ' ''_.. ' , T -n- ' t TIT ' v
HON. LADY COCKERELL ' Cdlectwn of J. Pierpont Morgan, Esq.
HON. ANNE RUSHODT ,,134
CORNELIUS VAN POELENBURGH
GIRLS DISTURBED WHILE BATHING Amsterdam 136
JACQUES ANDRfi PORTAIL
LE CONCERT DE FAMILLE Collection of M. Doucet 146
A STARTLING INTRODUCTION . ... Hampton Court 148
THE YOUNG BULL The Hague 148
THE Two PLOUGH HORSES. 1652 (From the Etching) . 148
PORTRAIT OP J. VAN DER GHEENSTE. 1583 ..... Brussels 150
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. xv
F. POURBUS, the younger (miscalled on the plate P. POURBDS the younger)
ISABELLA, ARCHDUCHESS OF AUSTRIA Hampton Court To face p. 150
THE INFANT JUPITER SUCKLING THE GOAT 152
ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST AND THREE OTHER SAINTS . . . Bergamo 158
GEORGE WASHINGTON j Montagu House 158
HORACE WALPOLE. 1735 j
PROBABLY NICOLAS FOUQUET. 1658 . . Collection of the Earl of Dartry 160
FREDERIK III. 1663 .... Collection of the King of Denmark 160
PSYCHE CARRIED OFF BY ZEPHYRUS The Louvre 164
PUVIS DE CHAVANNES
THE DEDICATION OF ST. GENEVIEVE Paris 168
THE EMPRESS JOSEPHINE Wallace Collection 170
SIR H. RAEBURN
MRS. CAMPBELL OF BALLIEMORE (Photogravure Plate) . . . Edinburgh 176
SIR WALTER SCOTT Collection of the Earl of Home 178
FRANCESCO DI MARCO RAIBOLINI, called FRANCIA
THE SAN MARTINO MAGGIORE ALTAR-PIECE IN ITS ORIGINAL FRANCIA FRAME
THE MANZUOLI ALTAR-PIECE Bologna 182
MARC ANTONIO RAIMONDl
LES GRIMPEURS (From the Engraving) 184
PORTRAIT OF PIETRO ARETINO (From the Engraving) ..... 186
GEORGE III National Portrait Gallery 190
THE CRUCIFIXION Collection of Dr. Ludwiy Mond 192
THE ANSIDEI MADONNA National Gallery 194
THE MADONNA DELLA SEGGIOLA \ on one . . Pitti Palace,' Florence 196
THE MADONNA DI CASA D'ALBA ) page . . . Hermitage Gallery 196
GUIDO RENT, called GUIDO
PHCEBUS AND AURORA Borne 210
SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS
JOHN CHARLES, VISCOUNT ALTHORP (Photogravure Plate)
Collection of Earl Spencer 216
LADY COCKBURN AND HER CHILDREN (miscalled on illustration " In the National
Gallery ") Collection of Alfred Beit, Esq. 218
THE AGE OF INNOCENCE National Gallery
PORTRAITS OF TWO GENTLEMEN National Gallery 220
S. W. REYNOLDS
THE COUNTESS OF OXFORD (From the Mezzotint) . .
JOSEF DE RIBERA, called LO SPAGNOLETTO
AN OLD WOMAN WITH A KEY ...... Munich
THE ARTIST (by himself) . . National Portrait Gallery
CHRIST AND THE WOMAN OF SAMARIA . Tote Gallery
xvi LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
REMBRANDT H. VAN RUN
PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST. 1640 National Gallery To face p. 236
THE THREE TREES (From the Etching) 242
JAMES II National Portrait Gallery 244
INTERIOR OF THE CHURCH OF ST. PAUL AT ANTWERP . . Tate Gallery 250
THE ARTIST Collection of Miss E. Robertson 252
JACOPO ROBUSTI, called TINTORETTO
ST. MICHAEL OVERCOMING LUCIFER Dresden 256
THE LAST SUPPER Venice 258
THE MADONNA AND CHILD WITH SAINTS AND ANQELS . . . Berlin 266
THE NATIVITY ......... National Gallery 266
MRS. FITZHERBERT THE HAUGHTY DAME (Photogravure Plate) Collection of J.
E. Gray Hill, Esq. 268
THE ARTIST National Portrait Gallery 268
MRS. MARK CURRIE National Gallery 270
THE PARSON'S DAUGHTER National Gallery 270
PORTRAIT OF A YOUTH ... . . . . Dorchester House 272
JACOB'S DP.EAM Devonshire House ,, 276
SIR W. C. ROSS
THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MAN South Kensington 280
D. G. ROSSETTI
BEATA BEATRIX (Pliotogravure Plate) Tate Gallery 282
LADY LILITH Collection of William Rossetti, Esq. ,, 284
FROM THE DANCE OF DEATH. 1815 .... South Kensington 290
P. P. RUBENS
THE DESCENT FROM THE CROSS (Photogravure Plate) . , . Antwerp 292
LE CHAPEAU DE FOIL National Gallery 294
JAKOB VAN RUISDAEL
LANDSCAPE WITH AN OLD MANOR HOUSE Berlin 298
LANDSCAPE WITH WATERFALL National Gallery 298
Miss FADE:* (Photogravure Plate) .... Collection of Mr. Webb 304
THE YOUNQ ARTISTS .... Collection of Mr. Frank H. Webb 306
PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS
NABHOLZ, JOHANN CHRISTOPH, a painter and
engraver, born at Regensburg in 1752, died in
1796. He painted principally portraits, among
them those of the Czarina Catherine II. ; and of
many of her nobility. Some of his portraits and
other subjects he engraved himself.
NACHENIUS, JAN VAN, a native of the Hague,
who painted about 1812. He was a pupil of
Mathieu Terwesten. He lived first at Amsterdam,
afterwards in the Dutch Indies, where he died.
NACHTEGAELE, PETER, 1450-70, held office
in the Guild of St. Luke at Bruges in 1457-58,
NACHTMANN, FRANZ X AVIER, painter and litho-
grapher, was born at Bodenmais, in Lower Bavaria,
in 1799. He studied in the Academy at Munich,
and was employed in 1823 as flower and fruit
painter at the Royal China Manufactory of that
city. In 1827 he quitted this employment to
devote himself to portraiture in water-colour and
miniature, and the study of architectural per-
spective. His portraits of the royal family are finely
executed, while among his perspective views may
be mentioned, the ' Interior of the Court Church at
Munich.' He signed his works X. N. Nachtmann
died in 1846.
NADAT. See DATI, NATALK.
NADORP, FRANZ, a painter, etcher, and litho-
grapher, also a sculptor and modeller, was born at
Anholt, Rhenish-Prussia, in 1794. He began to
learn painting under Bergler at Prague in 1814.
Afterwards he spent some time at Dresden, Vienna,
and Rome, where he died in 1876. Kadorp painted
landscapes of large dimensions, as well as portraits
and other subjects. Among them :
The Villa Eaphael.
The Villa d'Este.
The Forum of Pompeii.
The Murder of King Edward's Children.
Francesca da Rimini.
He also etched thirteen plates, among which is
'The Barberini Triton.'
VOL. IV. B
NAECKE, GUSTAV HEINRICH, was born at
Frauenstein in Saxony in 1786, and was instructed
by Grasse, whom, however, he followed only in
his colouring. After having lived at Rome for
some years, he, in 1825, became a professor at the
School of Art at Dresden, where he died in 1835.
Among his paintings are :
St. Genovefa. 1816. (The Grand Duke of Coburg.)
St. Elizabeth. 1826. (Ifaumturg Cathedral.)