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works relative to the arts. Besides the plates for
the above-mentioned works the following may be
specially mentioned :

L' Enlevement nocturne ; after Baudouiii. (His chef-

La Toilette ; after the same.

K^pertoire des Spectacles de la Cotir ; after Maremi,

Vignettes (44) to D'TJssieux's translation of Ariosto's
' Orlando Furioso,' 1775-83 ; after Cochin.

Vignettes to ' Adonis,' a poem by Freron and Colbert
d'Estouteville, 1775 ; after Eisen.

Vignettes to Billardon de Tauvigny's ' Parnasse des
Dames,' 1773 ; after Marillier.

Vignettes (4) to Eousseau's 'Pygmalion,' 1775; after
the same.

PONCE, ROQUE, a Spanish landscape painter,
was a scholar of Juan de la Corte, at Madrid. He
flourished about the year 1690, and painted land-
scapes, which he embellished with suitable incidents.
In some of his pictures the figures are by Antonio
Castrejon, but those are most esteemed in which
the latter had no hand.

2ATO DI CASTELFRANCO, was born at Castelfranco
in 1500. He has also been called Bazzacco and
Brazzacco. He was a disciple of Titian, and,
according to Lanzi, was a reputable painter of
history. His picture of 'Limbo,' in the church of
San Liberale, at Castelfranco, is an excellent work
of art. He also painted several altar-pieces for the
churches of Venice and Vicenza. He died in 1570.
According to Zani, he was a prelate with the title
of Monsignore.

POND, ARTHUR, an English painter and en-

raver, was born about 1705. He was educated in
ondon, and afterwards travelled to Rome in com-
pany with the sculptor Roubilliac. He painted
portraits in oil and drew them in crayons, and also
etched and engraved in the chalk and crayon
manner. By a combination of etching and aquatint
he produced plates in imitation of Salvator Rosa,
the Poussins, and others, and after these brought
out his ' Imitations of the Italian Masters ' (1734-5),
and, in conjunction with George Knapton, the col-
lection of ' Heads of Illustrious Persons,' engraved
by Houbraken and Vertue. They also engraved a
set of ninety plates from the drawings of the great
masters, in imitation of the originals, and a set of
twenty-five caricatures, after Cavaliere Ghezzi, and
other masters. He painted numerous portraits, in-
cluding those of the Duke of Cumberland, Alexander
Pope, and Peg Woffington (now in the National
Portrait Gallery) ; and he engraved after Raphael,
Parmigiano, and others. He was elected a Fellow
of the Royal Society and the Society of Antiquaries
in 1752, and died in 1758. He etched several por-
traits, in a style resembling that of Rembrandt,
among them the following :

His own Portrait

Lord Bolingbroke.

Alexander Pope.

Dr. Mead.

Thomas Sadler, antiquary.

PONSE, JORIS, a painter of birds, fruit, and
flowers, was born at Dordrecht in 1723. He was
a scholar of A. Schouman. He passed through

many vicissitudes, being at one time reduced to
gain a livelihood by house-painting. In middle
life he was established at Amsterdam, where he
had some pupils. His pictures are very scarce.
He died at Dordrecht in 1783.


PONTE, DA. The genealogy of the north Italian
family of DA PONTE, commonly called the BASSANI,
is as follows :

Francesco da Ponte,
died 1530.

Jacopo da Ponte.
B. 1510. D. 1592.

164 S 1591.

Gio. Battista.

Leandro (Cav).
1558 16!3.

1560- 1622.

PONTE, FRANCESCO DA, the elder, was born at
Vicenza about 1475. After receiving his technical
education at Venice he established himself at Bas-
sano, a small town on the Brenta. If not an actual
pupil of Bellini he was at all events a follower of
his style. Among his best works we may name a
' St. Bartholomew,' in the cathedral of Bassano,
an altar-piece, in the church of San Giovanni, and
a ' Descent of the Holy Ghost,' in the village church
of Oliero. Francesco died at Bassano in 1530.

PONTE, FRANCESCO DA, the younger, the son of
Jacopo da Ponte, was born 26th January, 1549, at
Bassano, and was educated in his father's studio.
He afterwards migrated to Venice, where he was
employed to paint a series of historical pictures in
the Doge's Palace. He also worked much for the
Venetian churches, and his pictures, though less
vigorous and rich in colour than those of his father,
are among the treasures of the Venetian School. He
was subject to hypochondriacal attacks, in one of
which he committed suicide by throwing himself
from a window. This was on the 4th July, 1492.
Many of the pictures by Fraucesco which occur
in European galleries are assigned to his father,
Jacopo. Among those ascribed to himself we
may name the following in the Vienna Gallery :

St. Francis.

St. Clara.

Boy with a Flute (signed FRANC BASS, FEC).

of Jacopo da Ponte, was born at Bassano in 1553.
He was the least distinguished of the family, and
was chiefly known as a copyist of his father's works.
Many of his productions now figure, no doubt,
under Jacopo's name. He died in 1613.

PONTE, GIROLAMO DA, the youngest of Jacopo's
sons, was born at Bassano in 1560. He also copied
his father's pictures, and like his brother Giambat-
tista. must take his share in the blame or credit
which attaches to their wide diffusion. He also
painted original works of his own, however, and
one of these, an ' Apparition of the Virgin to St.
Barbara,' is in existence at Bassano. Girolamo
died in 1622.

PONTE, JACOPO DA, ' IL BASSANO ' par excellence,
was born in 1510, in the city from which he takes
his sobriquet. His training in art took place first
under his father Francesco, at Bassano, afterwards
at Venice in the studio of Bonifazio Veneziano.
His mature style, however, was mainly formed on
the example of Titian. His earlier subjects were
of an ambitious class, such as ' Samson slaying
the Philistines,' the remains of which are still to be
seen on the outside of the Casa Michieli at Venice.
But this energy was not of long duration, and he
turned hia attention mainly to portraits, and to



those Biblical scenes which lend themselves to
genre treatment. Among his sitters were Sebas
tiano Venerio, Doge of Venice, Tasso, Ariosto, am
other distinguished men. Jacopo had already ac
quired a position at Venice when the death of hi
father compelled him to return to Bassano, wher
he chiefly resided for the rest of his life. Th
family home was picturesquely placed on the river
bank, and Jacopo was quickly led to devoting
most of his time to subjects which allowed him t
treat the scenes before his eyes, and the living
things by which they were peopled. The ' Entr 1
of the animals into the ark,' the ' History of Jacob,
the ' Adoration of the Shepherds,' the ' Expulsion
of the Dealers from the Temple,' were painted bi
him again and again. Jacopo's knowledge of thr
nude and power of design were small, but hi;
brush was extraordinarily facile. With the help
of his sons, he produced an inexhaustible stream o:
pictures, which, it is said, were put up to auction
at the neighbouring fairs when no buyer had been
tiecured beforehand. At one time he was invite^
to the court of the Emperor Rodolph II., but he
refused to leave his beloved Bassano, where he
died in 1592. One of his best pictures is the ' Good
Samaritan,' in the National Gallery. We may also
name :
Bassano. S. Giuseppe. The Nativity.

S.Maria ) E t; f Luc in a .
d. Gra;ie. )

Dublin. Nat. Gallery. Departure of Abraham (de-
posited ly the Nat. Gallery of

i. A Holy Family, with donors.

Visit of the Queen of Sheba to

Florence. Ujfizi. His own Portrait.

i, The Ponte Family as musicians.

London. Nat. Gallery. Portrait of a Gentleman.

,i Christ clearing the Temple.

Milan. Amurosiana. Adoration of the Shepherds.

,, A'Riposo.'

Naples. Museum. Eaising of Lazarus.

,. ., Holy Family.

Paris. Louvre. The Animals entering the Ark.

Moses striking the Bock.
Marriage of Cana.
The Eoad to Calvary.
A ' Deposition.'

Portrait of Giovanni da Bo-
Venice. Academy. Virgin with SS. Joseph and

Vicenza. Museum. A Deputation to the Virgin.

PONTE. LEANDRO DA, the third son of Jacopo,
was born at Bassano in 1558. He was a pupil of
his father. His fame was won chiefly by his
portraits. He put the finishing touches to his
brother Francesco's pictures in the Ducal Palace
at Venice, and has left a vast number of canvasses,
many of which are ascribed to his father. Leandro
was created a Knight of the Order of St. Mark, by
the Doge Grimani. In the latter part of his life he^
lived in great state at Venice, where he died in'
1623. Among his acknowledged works we may
name :


Gallery. Christ healing the Blind.

The Entry of the Animals into

the Ark.
Christ bearing the Cross (signed


Portraits of tlie Doge Cicogna

and his wife (both signed).
Male portrait, said to be that

of the artist himself.


Dresden. Gallery. Shepherds and Sneep.

Dublin. Nat. Gallery. The Building of the Tower of


Adoration of the Shepherds

(deposited ly the London Nat.
Gallery). '

Madrid. Museum. Eight pictures.

Munich. Gallery. A ' Deposition.'

.. A Holy Conversation.

Vienna. Gallery. The Adoration of the Magi.

Portrait of the Doge, Ant.

., Portrait of Cardinal Dom.


A Portrait Group.

Two Male Portraits. W.A.

painter, was born at Florence in 1306. He was a
pupil of BufFalmacco, and painted portraits and
historical subjects. He worked at Florence and
Assisi. He died in 1365.

PONTE, OCTAVIO DEL, a marine and dead game
painter of Utrecht. He was governor of the Hos-
pital of St. Job at Utrecht from 1639 to 1645. In
1638 he was master of the guild of St. Luke. He
died in 1645.

born at Liege about 1588. He was first instructed
by Bertin fioyoux, but at an early age he went
to Italy, where he resided till his death in 1650.
He painted portraits and historical subjects. He
painted a series of portraits of the Roman Emperors
on the windows of his house at Liege.
PONTONS, PABLO, a Spanish painter, was born
at Valencia in 1606. He was a scholar of Pedro
Orrente, and followed the style of his instructor,
who had been a scholar of Bassano. His colouring
bears the character of the Venetian school. There
are several of his works in the churches and con-
vents of his native city, of which the most import-
ant is a series of subjects from the life of San Pedro
Nolasco, in the church and cloisters of the convent
of La Merced. He also painted some altar-pieces
for the monastery of La Cartuja del Puche ; and in
the church of Santa Maria de Morella, two pictures,
representing the Nativity, and the Adoration of the
Vlagi. He was also a reputable painter of portraits.
He died in 1670.

PONZ, ANTONIO, a Spanish painter, born at
3exix in 1725. He was a pupil of Richart at
Valencia, and then went in 1746 to Madrid, where
studied for five years. He then went to Rome
"or a short time, but soon returned to his own
country, where he was soon engaged in painting at
he Escurial. In 1771 he made a journey through
Spain. In 1776 he was appointed secretary of the
Academy of San Fernando. He was a member of
early every academy in the Peninsula. He made
orne excellent copies after Raphael, Guido, and
aolo Veronese. He also wrote ' Comentarios de la
intura,' and several other works. He died in 1792.
PONZ, MOSEN JAYME, was born at Vails, near
'arragona, and studied in the school of the Jun-
osas at Barcelona. In 1722 he painted a number
f pictures for the Carthusians of Scala Dei. In
723 he painted some frescoes on the dome of
lie Hermitage of Nuestra Sefiora de Misericordia,
ithout the walls of Reus. The parish church of
/'alls had some frescoes by Ponz, and that of Alta-
ulla one of ' St. Michael,' after Raphael
PONZONE, MATTEO, was born in Dalmatia and


lived between 1630 and 1700. He was a scholar
of Santo Peranda, and, after acting for a time as
his master's assistant, became a painter of history
on his own account. Several of his works are in
the churches and public buildings of Venice, par-
ticularly in Santa Maria Maggiore, and in the
church of the Padri Croceferi. A ' Holy Family '
by him, in the Houghton Gallery, was engraved
by Valentine Green.

POOL, JURIAEN, was born at Amsterdam in
1666. He distinguished himself as a portrait
painter, and passed the early part of his life at the
court of the Elector Palatine, by whom his works
were much esteemed. After the death of his patron
he returned to Holland, where he abandoned paint-
ing, and applied himself to mercantile pursuits.
He was the husband of Rachel Ruysch, the cele-
biated painter of flowers and fruit. He died in
1745. His works are rare. There is a portrait
group of C. Bockelman, president of the Surgeons'
guild of Amsterdam, and his colleague, J. Six, in
the Rijks Museum of that city.

POOL, MATTY, a Dutch engraver, was born at
Amsterdam about the year 1670. He was in-
structed in the art in Paris, and on his return to
Holland engraved several plates after various
masters, in a style resembling that of Bernard
Picart. The date of his death is not recorded, but
he engraved in 1727, as appears by a work pub-
lished in that year. Among others the following
prints are by him :

Portrait of Barend Graat, painter.

The Infancy of Jupiter; after B. Graat.

Oupid taken in a Net by Time ; after Guercino.

A Bacchanalian subject ; after N. Poussin.

A set of twelve subjects : from designs by Rembrandt.

A set of 103 plates, entitled ' The 'Cabinet of the Art
of Sculpture,' by Fraus van Bossuit ; from drawings
by B. Graat.

Three burlesque representations of the Ceremonies
adopted by the Flemish painters at Rome ; from tht


POOLE, PAUL FALCONER, an English historical
painter, born at Bristol in 1810. He was almost
entirely self-taught in art, but came to London
early, and first appeared at the Royal Academy
in 1830 with a picture of 'The Well, Naples.'
He attracted notice in 1843 by his picture of
'Solomon Eagle,' and in 1846 was elected an
Associate of the Academy, of which he did not,
however, become a full member till 1861. At the
Westminster Hall competition of 1847 he won a
prize of 300, and he was awarded a medal at the
Paris Universal Exhibition of 1855. His success
was chiefly due to the poetry of his conceptions,
but he was a fine colourist, and in his best works
contrived, with much skill, to conceal the weak-
ness of his drawing. He led a very retired life,
and died at Hampstead in 1879. Amongst his
chief works are :

The Farewell. 1837.
The Emigrant's Departure. 183S.
The Surrender of Syou House. 1846.
Job receiving the news of his disasters.
The Goths in Italy. 1851.
The Leaguer of Valencia.
The May Queen. 1852.
The Songs of the Troubadours. 1854.
Philomena's Song. 1855.
Escape of Glaucus and lone. 1860.
A Border Kaid. 1868.
Remorse. (Rot/al Academy, London.)
Two Children at a Stile. (Bridgewater Gallery, London.)
The Lion in the Path. 1873.


Ezekiel's Vision. 1S75. (National Gallery, London.)
The Death of Cordelia. (.South Kensington.)





POPE, ALEXANDER, younger brother of Somer-
ville Stevens Pope, was well known for his per-
formances in the characters of Othello, Henry
VIII., &c. He was born at Cork, and was a
student of the Dublin Art School under West.
In 1783 he came to London, and made his first
appearance in Covent Garden Theatre. He ex-
hibited at the Academy from 1790 to 1821. He
died in London in 1835. He painted a portrait of
Michael Bryan, the first compiler of this Diction-
ary, which was engraved as a frontispiece for the
original quarto edition.

POPE, ALEXANDER, the English poet, born in
London in 1688, died at Twickenham in 1744,
deserves mention as an amateur painter. He
studied under Jervas for eighteen months, and
frequently worked very assiduously at art, making
many copies of portraits. Lord Mansfield has a
specimen of his work as a copyist.

POPE, CLARA MARIA, an English painter of por-
traits, miniatures, and flowers, born about the
middle of the 18th century. She was the daughter
of Jared Leigh, an amateur artist, and married
first Francis Wheatley, and subsequently Alexander
Pope, the miniature painter. Her works frequently
appeared at the Academy from 1796, and her flower
pictures were in good repute. She painted the
portrait of Mme. Catalan!. She died in 1838.

POPE, SOMERVILLE STEVENS, an amateur minia-
ture painter, was born in Ireland in the first half
of the 18th century. His chief instructors were
his father and Thomas Roberts. He is chiefly
known as a copyist of Vernet. He became High
Sheriff of Dublin, and afterwards worked at art
as an amateur.

painter, born in Paris in 1825 ; became a pupil of
Picot and of Ary Scheffer; painted 'Dante et Giotto'
(1852), 'Jules Cesar' (1864), 'Renaissance des
Lettres' (1867), and others; was an authority on
enamel painting, and wrote poems. Died in Paris,
May 17, 1892.

POPELS, JEAN, was born at Tournay about the
year 1630. He engraved some plates from the
copies in the gallery of the Archduke Leopold at
Brussels, for the collection of prints called 'The
Cabinet of Teniers ' ; among them the following:

Hagar aud Ishmael ; after Titian,

St. George and St. Stephen ; after Giovanni Bellini.
St. John the Baptist and St. Roch ; after Palma Vecchio.

The Virgin and Infant Christ, with St. John and St.
Catharine ; after Palma Giovine.

A Dead Christ, supported by Joseph of Arimathea;
after Schiavone.

Th*> Triumph of Bacchus ; after Kubcns.
At GSttingen there is a picture by this artist of
' The Deliverance of Andromeda.'

POPMA, ALARDO DE, was a Spanish engraver,
who worked at Madrid in the early years of the
17th century. He executed a tine title-page fur
the ' Historia de las Ordenes Militares de Santiago,
Calatrava y Alcantara' (Madrid, 1629); also one
for Navarrete's ' Conservacion de las Monarquias
y Discursos politicos' (Madrid, 1626).

POPOLI, GIACINTO DE', an Italian painter, born
at Orta. He was a pupil of Massimo Stanzioni,
and painted mostly in churches. He died in 1682,



POPP, HEINRICH, a German painter, born at
Nuremberg in 1637. He was a pupil of Reisler,
and painted portraits and historical subjects. He
died in 1682.




PORCELLI, ANTONIO, an Italian painter of the
present century, born in 1800. He painted both
landscape and figures. Among his best pictures
may be named the ' Fontana dell' Acqua Autosa,'
the ' Pine Forests of Ravenna," and the ' Cobbler's
Monday.' The last is in the Collection of the
Czar. Porcelli died in 1870.


PORCELLO, GIOVANNI, a little-known painter
of Messina. He studied under Solimena.

born March 8, 1834, at Orleans ; for twenty-five
years a regular exhibitor at the Salon ; his subjects
were chosen mainly from scenery in the districts
of Oise, Marne, Isere, Morvan and Alpes Maritimes.
He also painted various scenes of Venice and of
Holland. At the Universal Exhibition of 1889 he
obtained a medal. He died in Paris, March 1895.

PORCIA, FRANCESCO DI, a painter of Friuli, who
flourished about 1606. His surname is believed
to have been APOLLODORO. He worked chiefly at


PORETTANO, PIER-MARIA, an obscure Bolog-
nese, who lived and painted about 1600. He was
a pupil of Lod. Carracci.

PORIDEO, GREGORIO, a forgotten pupil of Titian,
whose name was signed, says Lanzi, on a little
oblong picture formerly in the Casa Pisani, at


PORPORA, PAOLO, a Neapolitan painter, was a
pupil of Falcone, and a member of the Academy
of St. Luke in the year 1656. He excelled chiefly
in battle scenes, animals, and in such still-life as
shells, dead fish, flowers and fruit. He died about

painter, was born at Volvera, near Turin, in 1741.
He went to Paris when he was young, and be-
came a pupil of Chevillet and of Beauvarlet. In
1773 he was made a member of the Academy
at Paris, and engraved for his reception plate
'Susannah at the Bath,' after Santerre. In the
same year he was admitted to membership of the
Turin Academy, and in 1797 appointed conservator
of the gallery there. In 1793, commissioned by
the king, he founded at Naples a sc*hool of engrav-
ing, and spent in that city the four years previous to
his last-mentioned appointment. He died at Turin
in 1816. He painted some good portraits, but
engraving was his forte. The following prints are
by him, some of which are executed in a finished
and beautiful style :

Susannah at the Bath ; after Santerre. (His chef-

Abraham sending away Hagar ; after Philip van Dyk.
Tancred and Cloriuda ; after Carte van Loo.
Le Coucher ; after the same.

Erminia asking shelter of a Shepherd ; after the. same.
Cupid in Meditation ; after Anyelica Kaufmann.
The Death of Abel ; after A. van der Werff.
Venus caressing Cupid ; after Pompeo Batoni.
Jupiter and Leda ; after Correggio.
The Madonna with the Rabbit ; after the same.
Leda and the Swan ; after the same

Leda bathing ; after tne same.

La ZingareUa ; after the same.

The young Girl with a Dog ; after Greuze.

Portrait of Charles Emmanuel III.

Portrait of Queen Marie Antoinette.

Portrait of the Empress Marie Louise.

The following plates were engraved by him in
mezzotint :

Paris and (Enone '. after Van der Werff.
The Compassionate Priestess ; after Gibelin.

PORRI, DANIELLO, (or DANIELE,) called also DE
trait and historical painter, was born at Parma in
the early years of the 16th century. His family
was Milanese by origin. He worked under both
Correggio and Parmigiano, and afterwards in col-
laboration with Taddeo Zucchero in the church of
Santa Maria d'Alvito. Of their combined work
nothing remains but a single ' Holy Conversation,'
in which the Madonna is seated with the child
between St. Francis and St. Nicholas of Bari.
Porri died at home in 1566.

PORRO, GIROLAMO, an Italian engraver on wood
and on copper, was born at Padua about the year
1520, but worked during the greater part of his
life at Venice. He engraved in a tasteful and
delicate style the vignettes, amounting to nearly
one hundred, for a book entitled ' Imprese illustri
di diversi,' published by Camillo Camilli in 1535.
He also executed the plates for the ' Orlando
Furioso ' of Ariosto, published at Venice in 1548 ;
for the ' Funerali antichi di diversi Popoli et
Nationi,' by Tommaso Porcacchi, published in
1574 ; and the portraits for the ' Sommario delle
Vite de' Duchi di Milano,' by Scipione Barbuo,
1574. The maps in Ruscelli's translation of the
' Geographia' of Ptolemy, 1574, and the views in
Porcacchi's ' Isole piu famose del Mondo,' 1575,
are likewise by him. After this there is no account
of Porro ; but Zani says he was working in 1604.

PORRO, MASO, a native of Cortona, and painter
on glass, who was active shortly before 1568.

PORTA, ANDREA, a Milanese painter, born in
1656. Orlandi mentions him as still alive in 1718.


PORTA, FERDINANDO, a painter of Milan, born
1689, died about 1767. He was an industrious
imitator of Correggio.

PORTA, GIUSEPPE, called SALVIATI, was born
at Castel Nuovo, in the Grafagnana, in 1520 or
1518. He was sent to Rome when he was young,
and placed in the school of Francesco Salviati
(Rossi), whose character of design he followed,
and acquired the name of ' the younger Salviati,'
by which he is more generally known than his
own. When his instructor was invited to Venice
he was accompanied by his pupil, whose works
were sufficiently admired in that capital to induce
him to establish himself there. He was employed
by the senate, in conjunction with some of the
most distinguished artists of his time, in ornament-
ing the palace and library of St. Mark, where he
painted ' The Sibyls, the Prophets, and the Cardi-

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