Michael Drayton.

The complete works of Michael Drayton, now first collected (Volume 2) online

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With this persuasive speech which Oxney lately us'd.
With strange and sundry doubts, whilst Bother stood confus'd.
Old Andredsweald* at length doth take her time to tell ei
The changes of the world, that since her youth befell.
When yet upon her soil, scarce human foot had trode ;
A place where only then, the Sylvans made abode.
Where, fearless of the hunt, the hart securely stood, 65

And everywhere walk'd free, a burgess of the wood ;
Until those Danish routs, whom hunger starv'd at home,
(Like wolves pursuing prey) about the world did roam.
And stemming the rude stream dividing us from Fruncc,
Into the spacious mouth of lloUier fell (by chance) :o

* See to the Seveuteeuth Song.


§ That Lymen then was nam'd, when (with most irksome care)

The heavy Danish yoke, the servile English bare.

And when at last she found, there was no way to leave

Those, whom she had at first been forced to receive ;

And by her great resort, she was through very need, 75

Constrained to provide her peopled Towns to feed.

She learn'd the churlish axe and twybill to prepare,

To steel the coulter's edge, and sharp the furrowing share :

And more industrious still, and only hating sloth,

A housewife she became, most skill'd in making cloth.^ so

That now the Draper comes from London every year,

And of the Kentish sorts, makes his provision there.

Whose skirts ('tis said) at first that fifty furlongs went,

Have lost their ancient bounds, now limited in Kent*

"Which strongly to approve, she Mcdira>j forth did bring, ss

From Sussex who ('tis known) receives her silver spring.

Who towards the lordly Tames, as she along doth strain,

Where Teise, clear Beide, and Len, bear up her limber train

As she removes in state : so for her more renown,

Her only name she leaves, t' her only christ'ned Town jt 90

And I'lOchester doth reach, in ent'ring to the bow'r

Of that most matchless Tames, her princely paramour.

Whose bosom doth so please her Sovereign (witli her pride)

Wliereas the Royal Fleet continually doth ride.

That where she told her Tames, she did intend to sing 9»

What to the Enfjlish Name immortal praise should bring ;

To grace his goodly Queen, Tames presently proclaims.

That all the Kentish Floods, resigning him their names,

Should presently repair unto his mighty hall,

And by the posting tides, towards London sends to" call 100

Clear liavenshurne (though small, rememb'red them among)

At Dctford ent'ring. Whence as down she comes along,

' Kfinlhh Cloth. * The Weald of Kent.

f Maidstone, i.c , Mcdwaijs town.


She Darent thither warns : who calls her sister Cray,
AVhich hasten to the Court with all the speed they may.
And but that iMedivay then of Tames obtain'd such grace, los
Except her country Nymphs, that none should be in place,
More Fdvers from each part, had instantly been there,
Than at their marriage, first, by Spenser* numb'red were.
This Medway still had nurs'd those Navies in her road.
Our Armies that had oft to conquest borne abroad ; no

And not a man of ours, for arms hath famous been,
\\Tiom she not going out, or coming in hath seen :
Or by some passing ship, hath news to her been brought.
What brave exploits they did; as where, and how, they

Wherefore, for audience now, she to th' assembly calls, iis
The Captains to recite when seriously she falls.

Of noble warriors now, saith she, shall be my Song ;
Of those renowned spirits, that from the Conquest sprong.
Of th' English Norman blood : Avhich, matchless for their

Have with their flaming swords, in many a dreadful fight, i-2»
Illustrated this Isle, and bore her fame so far ;
Our Heroes, which the first wan, in that Holy War,
Such fear from every foe, and made the East more red.
With splendour of their arms, than when from Tlihon's bed
The blushing Dawn doth break ; towards wliich our fame
begon, i"5

By Robert {Ciirtliose call'd) the Conqueror's eldest son,
Who with great Godfrey and that holy Hermitf went
The Sepulchre to free, with most devout intent.

And to that title which the Norman William got,
When in our Conquest here, he strove t' include the Scot, vso
The General of our power, that stout and warlike Earl,
Who Emjlish being born, was styl'd oi A uhemcrle ;

* In the Faery Queene. t Peter, the Hermit.


Those Laajes then no less courageous, which had there
The leading of the day, all brave Commanders were.

►Sir JValter Especk, match'd with PevereU, which as far 135
Adventur'd for our fame : who in that Bishop's war,
Immortal honour got to Stephen's troubled reign :
That day ten thousand Scots upon the field were slain.

The Earl of Slrigide then our Strong-boice, first that won
Wild Ireland ^yith the sword (which, to the glorious sun, 140
Lifts up his nobler name) amongst the rest may stand.

In Cure de Lyon's charge unto the Holy Land,
Our Earl of Lester, next, to rank with them we bring :
And Tumham, he that took th' impost'rous Cyprian King.
Strong TucJiet chose to wield the English standard there; 145
Foole, Gourney, Nevili, Gray, Lyie, Ferres, Mortimer:
And more, for want of pens whose deeds not brought to light,
It grieves my zealous soul, I cannot do them right.

The noble Penhrooke then, who Strong-howe did succeed.
Like liis brave grand-sire, made th' revolting hish bleed, 150
When yielding oft, Lliey oft their due subjection broke ;
And when the Britans scorn'd, to bear the English yoke,
Lewellin Prince of JFules in battle overthrew.
Nine thousand valiant fFelsh and either took or slew.
Earl Bichard, his brave son, of Strong-howe' s matchless strain.
As he a Marshall was, did in himself retain ise

The nature of that word, being martial, like his name :
Who, as his valiant sire, the Lish oft did tame.

With him we may compare Marisco (King of ^len)
That Lord Chief Justice was of Freland, whereas then 160
Those two brave Burrowes, John and Bichard, had their place.
Which through the bloodied bogs, those Irish oft did chase;
Whose deeds may with the best deservedly be read.

As those two Lacyes then, our English powers that led :
Wliich twenty thousand, there, did in one battle quell, 105
Amongst whom (trodden down) the King of Conaugh fell.


Then rdchard, that lov'd Earl of Cornwall, here we set :
Who, rightly of the race of great Plantaginet,
Our English armies shipp'd, to gain that hallow'd ground,
With Long-sword the brave son of beauteous Rosamond : iro
The Pagans through the breasts, like thunderbolts that shot ;
And in the utmost East such admiration got,
That the shrill-sounding blast, and terrour of our fame
Hath often conquered, where, our swords yet never came :
As Gifford, not forgot, their stout associate there. i75

So in the wars with Wales, of ours as famous here,
Guy Beuchamp, that great Earl of JFarwick, place shall have :
From whom, the Cambrian Hills the JFelsh-men could not

save ;
Whom he, their general plague, impetuously pursu'd,
And in the British gore his slaught'ring sword imbru'd. iso

In order as they rise (next Beuchamj)) we prefer
The Lord John Gifford, match'd with Edmond Mortimer ;
Men rightly moulded up, for high advent'rous deeds.

In this renowned rank of warriors then succeeds
JValwin, who with such skill our armies oft did guide ; iss
In many a dangerous strait, that had his knowledge tried.
And in that fierce assault, which caus'd the fatal flight,
Where the distressed Welsh resign'd their ancient right,
Stout Frampton: by whose hand, their Prince Lcicellin fell.

Then foUoweth (as the first who have deserved as well) i90
Great Saint-John ; from the French, which twice recovered

Gitijne :
And he, all him before that clearly did out-shine,
Warren, the puissant Earl of Surreij, which led forth
Our English armies oft into our utmost North :
And oft of his approach made Scotland quake to hear, 195
When Tweed hath sunk down flat, within her banks for

On liim there shall attend, that most adventurous Twhing,


That at ScambeVm fight, the English off did bring
Before the furious Scot, that else were like to fall.

As Basset, last of these, yet not the least of all 200

Those most renowned spirits that Fowkerk bravely fought :
Where Long-shanks, to our lore, Alhania lastly brought.

As, when our Edward first his title did advance.
And led his English hence, to win his right in France,
That most deserving Earl of Darhi/ we prefer, 205

Henry's third valiant son, the Earl of Lancaster,
That only Mars of men ; who (as a general scourge,
Sent by just-judging Heaven, outrageous France to purge)
At Cagant plagu'd the power of Flemings that she rais'd,
Against the English force : which as a hand-sell seis'd, 210
Into her very heart he march'd in warlike wise ;
Took Bergera, Langoheck, Mountdurant, and Mountguyse ;
Leau, Poudra, and Punach, Mount-Scgre, Forsa, won ;
Mountpesans, and Beumount, the liyall, Aigidllon,
liochmillon, Mauleon, Franch, and Angolisme surpris'd ; 21s
AVith castles, cities, forts, nor provinces suffic'd.
Then took the Earl of Leyle : to conduct whom there came
Nine Viscounts, Lords, and Earls, astonish'd at his name.
To Gascoyne then he goes (to plague her, being prest)
And manfully himself of Mirahell possest ; 220

Surgeres, and Alnoy, Benoon, and Mortaine strook :
And with a fearful siege, he Talehurg lastly took ;
With prosperous success, in lesser time did win
Max'nnien, Lusingham, Mount-SorrcU, and Bouin;
8ack'd Poytiers: which did, then, that Country's treasure hold ;
That not a man of ours would touch what was not gold. 226

With whom our Maney* here deservedly doth stand,
WHiich first Inventor was of that courageous band,
Who clos'd their left eyes up ; as, never to be freed,
Till there they had acliiev'd some high adventurous deed. 230

* Sir Walter Mancy.


He first into the prease at Cagant conflict flew ;

And from amidst a grove of gleaves, and halberds drew

Great Darbij beaten down ; t' amaze the men of war,

When he for England cried, 'S. George, and Lancaster!'

And as mine author tells (in his high courage, proud) 235

Before his going forth, unto his mistress vow'd,

He would begin the war : and, to make good the same,

Then setting foot in France, there first with hostile flame

Forc'd Mortal n, from her towers, the neighbouring towns to

light ;
That suddenly they caught a fever with the fright. 240

Thin Castle (near the town of Cambray) ours he made ;
And when the Spanish powers came Britanne* to invade,
Both of their aids and spoils, them utterly bereft.
This English Lion, there, the Spaniards never left,
Till from all air of France, he made their Lewes fly. 245

And Fame herself, to him, so amply did apply,
That when the most unjust Calicians had forethought,
Into that town (then ours) the French-rnen to have brought,
The King of England's self, and his renowned son^
(By those perfidious French to see what would be done) 25»
Under his guydon march'd, as private soldiers there.

So had we still of ours, in France that famous Avere.

Warwick, of England then High-Constable that was,
As other of that race, here well I cannot pass ;
That brave and god-like brood of Ikucharnps, which so long
Them Earls of Warwick held ; so hardy, great, and strong, 25c
That after of that name it to an adage grew.
If any man himself advent'rous hapt to shew.
Bold Beuchainp men him term'd, if none so bold as he.-

With those our Beachamps, may our Bourchers reck'ned be.

* Liftte, Brifanne in France.

^ Etirard III. ami the lilack Prince.

* Bold Beucfauup, a proverb.


Of wliich, that valiant Lord, most famous in those daj's, sci
That hazarded in France so many dangerous frays :
Whose blade in all the fights betwixt the French and us,
Like to a blazincr-star was ever ominous :
A man, as if by Mars upon Bellomi got. cm

Next him, stout Cohham comes, that with as prosp'rous lot
The English men hath led ; by whose auspicious hand,
"We often have been known the Frenchmen, to command.
And Harcourt, though by birth an alien ; yet, ours won.
By England after held her dear adopted son : 2:0

Which oft upon our part was bravely prov'd to do,
AVho with the hard'st attempts Fame earnestly did woo :
To Par/s-ward, that when the Amyens fled by stealth
(Within her mighty walls to have inclos'd their wealth)
Before her bulwark'd gates the Burgesses he took ; 275

Whilst the Parisians, thence that sadly stood to look,
And saw their fiiithful fiiends so wofully bested,
Not once durst issue out to help them, for their head.

And our John Copland ; here courageously at home
(Whilst everywhere in France, those far abroad do roam) 280
That at Kew-castle fight (the Battle of the Queen,
Where most the English hearts were to their Sovereign seen)
Took David King of Scots his prisoner in the fight.
Nor could these wars imploy our only men of might :
But as the Queen by these did mighty things achieve ; 285
So those, to Britaine sent the Countess to relieve.
As any yet of ours, two knights as much that dar'd,
Stout Dangorn, and with him strong Ilarticell honour shar'd ;
The dreaded diaries de Bloyes, that at liochdarreii bet,
And on the royal seat, the Countess Mountfort set. 200

In each place where they came so fortunate were ours.

Then, A udley, rao^t rcnown'd amongst those valiant powers,
That with the Prince of JFales at contjuer'd Poijters fought ;
Such wonders that in arms before both armies wrought ;


The first that charg'd the French; and, all that dreadful day,
Through still renewing worlds of danger made his way ; eys
The man that scorn'd to take a prisoner (through his pride)
But by plain down-right death the title to decide.
And after the retreat, that famous battle done.
Wherein, rich spacious France was by the English won. 300
Five hundred marks in fee, that noblest Prince bestow'd
For his so brave attempts, through his high courage show'd.
^^^^lich to his four Esquires he freely gave,* who there
Vy'd valour with their Lord ; and in despite of fear,
Oft fetch'd that day from death, where wounds gap'd wide
as hell ; 305

And cries, and parting groans, whereas the Frenchmen fell,
Even made the victors grieve, so horrible they were.

Our Dabridgcourt the next shall be rememb'red here,
At Potjters who brake in upon the Alman Horse
Through his too forward speed : but, taken by their force, sie
And after, by the turn of that so doubtful fight,
Being rescu'd by his friends in Poi/fcrs' fearful fight.
Then like a lion raug'd about the enemy's host :
And where he might suppose the danger to be most.
Like lightning ent'red there, to his French foes' dismay, 315
To gratify his friends which rescu'd him that day. [do,

Then Chandos: whose great deeds found Fame so much to
That she was lastly forc'd, him for her ease to woo ;
That Minion of drad Mars, which almost over-shone
All those before him were, and for him none scarce known.
At Cambray's scaled wall liis credit first that won ; 321

And by the high exploits in France by him were done,
Had all so over-aw'd, that by his very name
He could remove a siege : and cities where he came
Would at his summons yield. That man, the most belov'd,
In all the ways of war so skilful and approv'd, 326

* The honourable bounty of the Lord Audley.


The Prince* at Poyters chose his person to assist.

This stout Herculean stem, this noble martiahst,

In battle twixt brave Bloys and noble Moimffort, tri'd

At Array, then the right of Britahie to decide, 330

Eag'd like a furious storm beyond the jjower of man,

Where valiant Charles was slain, and the stern English wan

The royal British rule to Mounffort's nobler name.

He took strong Tarryers in, and Anjou oft did tame.

Gavaches he regain'd, and us Bochmador got. 335

Wherever lay'd he siege that he invested not 1

As this brave warrior was, so no less dear to us,
The rival in his fame, his only cemulus,
Renown'd Sir Bohert Knoidcs, that in his glories sliar'd.
His chivalry and oft in present perils dar'd ; 340

As Nature should with Time, at once by these consent
To show, that all their store they idly had not spent.
He Vermandoise o'er-ran with skill and courage high :
Notoriously he plagu'd revolting Picardy :
That up to Paris walls did all before him win, 34s

And dar'd her at her gates (the King that time within)
A man that all his deeds did dedicate to fame.

Then those stout Percyes, John and Thomas, men of name.
The valiant Goiirney, next, deservedly we grace,
And Uowet, that with him assumes as high a place. s5o

Strong Trivet, all whose ends at great adventures shot :
That conquer'd us Mount Pin, and Castle Carcilot,
As famous in the French, as in the Behjique war ;
Who took the Lord Brimewe ; and with the great Nararre,
In Papaloon, attain'd an everlasting praise. sss

Courageous Carill next, tlian whom those glorious days
Produc'd not any spirit that through more dangers swam.

That princely Thomas, next, the Earl of Buckingham,
To Britany through France that our stout English brought,

* The Black-Prince.


Which under his command with such high fortune fought 360
As put the world in fear Rome from her cinders rose,
And of this earth again meant only to dispose.

Thrice valiant Hudicood then, out-shining all the rest,
From London at the first a poor mean soldier prest
(That time but very young) to those great wars in France, ses
By liis brave service there himself did so advance.
That afterward, the heat of those great battles done,
(In which he to his name immortal glory won)
Leading six thousand horse, let his brave guydon flie.
So, passing through East France, and ent'ring Lomhardle, sro
By th' greatness of his fame, attain'd so high command,
That to his charge he got the White Italian Band.
With Mountferato* then in all his wars he went :
Whose clear report abroad by Fame's shrill trumpet sent.
Wrought, that with rich rewards him 3Iilan after won, 375
To aid her, in her wars with Mantua then begon ;
By Barnabij,f there made the Milanezes' guide :
His daughter, who, to him, fair Domina, affi'd.
For Gregorij then the Twelfth, he dangerous battles strook,
And with a noble siege revolted Pavia took. sso

And there, as Fortune rose, or as she did decline,
Now with the Pisan serv'd, then with the Florentine :
The use of th' English bows to Italij that brought ;
By which he, in those wars, seem'd wonders to have wrought.

Our Ilenrij Hotspur next, for high achievements meet, ass
Who with the thund'ring noise of his swift courser's feet,
Astund the earth, that day, that he in Holnulon's strife
Took Douglas, with the Earls oi Anguish, and of F>/fe.
And whilst those hardy Scots, upon the firm earth bled,
With his revengeful sword swich'd after them that fled. 390

Then Calverlcy, which kept us Calice with such skill,

* The Marquess of Mountferato.

t Brother to Galeazo, Viscount of Milan.


His honor'd room shall have our Catalogue to fill :
Who, when th' rebellious French, their liberty to gain,
From us our ancient riglit unjustly did detain
(T' let Bullm understand our just conceived ire) 395

Her suburbs, and her ships, sent up to heaven in fire ;
Estaples then took in that day she held her Fair,
Whose marchandise he let his soldiers freely share ;
And got us back Saint Mark's, which loosely we had lost.

Amongst these famous men, of us deserving most, 400
In these of great'st report, we gloriously prefer.
For that his naval fight, John Duke of Excester ;
The puissant fleet of Jeane (which France to her did call)
Who mercilessly sunk, and slew her admirall.

And one, for single fight, amongst our martial men, 405
Deserves remembrance here as worthily agen ;
Our Clifford, that brave, young, and most courageous Squire :
"Wlio thoroughly provok'd, and in a great desire
Unto the Enrjlwih name a high report to win.
Slew Bochnell hand to hand at Castle Jocelin, 410

Suppos'd the noblest spirit that France could then pro-

Now, forward to thy task proceed industrious Muse,
To him, above them all, our power that did advance ;
John Duke of Bedford, styl'd the fire-brand to sad France :
Who to remove the foe from sieg6d Harjleiv, sent, 415

Affrighted them like death ; and as at sea he went.
The huge French navy fir'd, when horrid Ncpfiine roar'd,
The whilst those mighty ships out of their scuppers pour'd
Tlieir trait'rous clutt'red gore upon his wrinkled face.
He took strong leery in : and like his kingly race, 420

There down before Vernoyle the Enylish Standard stuck :
And having on his helm his conquering Brother's luck,
Alaiizoii on the fickl and douglity Dmujlasse laid,
Which brought the Scotlinh i)o\ver unto the Duiqjhln'i; aid;


And with his fatal sword, gave France her fill of death, 425
Till wearied with her wounds, she gasping lay for breath.

Then, as if powerful Heaven our part did there abet,
Stdl did one noble spirit, a nobler spirit beget.
So, Salsbwy arose ; from whom, as from a source
All valour seem'd to flow, and to maintain her force. 430
From whom not all their forts could hold our treacherous
Ponfmelance he regain'd, wliich ours before did lose. [foes.
Against the envious French, at Cravant, then came on ;
As sometime at the siege of high-rear'd Ilion,
The Gods descending, mix'd with mortals in the fight : 435
And in his leading, show'd such valour and such might.
As though his hand had held a more than earthly power ;
Took Stuart in the field, and General Vuntadour,
The French and Scottish force, that day which bravely led ;
Where few at all escap'd, and yet the wounded fled. 440
Mount Aguilon, and Mouns, great Salsbury surpris'd :
§ What time (I think in hell) that instrument^ devis'd,
The first appear'd in France, as a prodigious birth
To plague the wretched world, sent from the envious earth;
Whose very roaring seem'd the mighty round to shake, 445
As though of all again it would a chaos make.
This famous General then got Gwerland to our use,
And Mallcorne made ours, with Loupland, and La Suise,
Saint Bernard's Fort, S, Kates, S. Susan, Mayan, Lyle,
The Hermitage, Mountseure, Baugcncy, and YanrUe. 4:<o

Then he (in all her shapes that dreadful war had seen,
And that with danger oft so conversant had been,
As for her threats at last he seeqi'd not once to care,
And Fortune to her face adventurously durst dare)
The Earl of SuJlfblke, Poole, the Marshal that great day 455
At Agincourt, where France before us prostrate lay
(Our battles everywhere that Hector-Mka sup}'lied,

^ Great ordnance.
VOL. ri. 18


And march'd o'er murther^d piles of Frenchmen as they died)
Invested Aubemerle, rich Cozvcy making ours,
And at the Bishop's Park o'erthrew the Dolphin's powers. 46o
Through whose long time in war, his credit so increas'd,
That he supplied the room of Salshury deceas'd.

In this our warlike rank, the two stout Asions then.
Sir Richard and Sir John, so truly valiant men,
That ages yet to come shall hardly over-top 'em, 465

Umfrerill, Peachy, Branch, Mowntgomery, Felton, Popham.
All men of great command, and highly that deserv'd :

Courageous Ramston next, so faithfully that serv'd
At Paris, and S, James de Beneon, where we gave
The French those deadlj' foils, that ages since deprave 470
The credit of those times, with these so wondrous things.

The memory of which, great JVarivick forward brings.
Who (as though in his blood he conquest did inherit,
Or in the very name there were some secret spirit)
Being chosen for these wars in our great Regent's place 475
(A deadly foe to France, like his brave Roman race)
The Castilets of Loyre, of Maid, and of LvMd,
Mountdtthlian, and the strong Pounforson beat to ground.

Then he, above them all, himself that sought to raise.
Upon some mountain-top, like a pyramid6s ; 48o

Our Talbot, to the French so terrible in war,
That with his very name their baljes they us'd to scar,
Took-in the strong Lavall, all Main and over-ran,
As the betrayed Mons he from the Marshal wan,
And from the treacherous I'oe our valiant Sttf/'ulke freed. 4s&
His shar^) and dreadful sword made France so oft to bleed,
Till fainting with her wounds, she on her wrack did fall ;
Took Joring, where he hung her traitors on the wall ;
And with as fair success wan Beumont upon Oyse,
Tlic new Town in Esmoy, and Crispin in Valoyes : 100

(Jrcilc, with Suint Maxinc's-brid'je ; and at Avranchcs' aid,


Before whose batter'd walls the foe was strongly laid,
March'd in, as of the siege at all he had not known ;

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