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tia by agreement between Sir William Portman and Lord
Lumley. The battle ended, some words, first in jest,
then in passion, passed between Sherrington Talbot (a
worthy gentleman, son to Sir John Talbot, and who had
behaved himself very handsomely) and one Captain Love,
both commanders of the militia, as to whose soldiers
fought best, both drawing their swords and passing at one
another. Sherrington was w^ounded to death on the spot,
to the great regret of those who knew him. He was Sir
John's only son.

9th July, 1685. Just as I was coming into the lodgings
at Whitehall, a little before dinner, my Lord of Devon-
shire standing very near his Majesty's bedchamber door
in the lobby, came Colonel Culpeper, and in a rude man-
ner looking at my Lord in the face, asked whether this
was a time and place for excluders to appear; my Lord
at first took little notice of what he said, knowing him
to be a hotheaded fellow, but he reiterating it, my Lord
asked Culpeper whether he meant him ; he said yes, he
meant his Lordship. My Lord told him he was no ex-
cluder (as indeed he was not); the other affirming it
again, my Lord told him he lied; on which Culpeper
struck him a box on the ear, which my Lord returned, and
felled him. They were soon parted, Culpeper was seized,



i685 JOHN EVELYN 227

and his Majesty, who was all the while in his bedchamber,
ordered him to be carried to the Greencloth officer, who
sent him to the Marshalsea, as he deserved. My Lord
Devon had nothing said to him.

I supped this night at Lambeth at my old friend's Mr.
Elias Ashmole's, with my Lady Clarendon, the Bishop of
St. Asaph, and Dr. Tenison, when we were treated at a
great feast.

loth July, 1685. The Count of Castel Mellor, that
great favorite and prime minister of Alphonso, late King
of Portugal, after several years' banishment, being now
received to grace and called home by Don Pedro, the
present King, as having been found a person of the
greatest integrity after all his sufferings, desired me to
spend part of this day with him, and assist him in a col-
lection of books and other curiosities, which he would
carry with him into Portugal.

Mr. Hussey, a young gentleman who made love to my
late dear child, but whom she could not bring herself to
answer in affection, died now of the same cruel disease,
for which I was extremely sorry, because he never en-
joyed himself after my daughter's decease, nor was I
averse to the match, could she have overcome her disin-
clination.

15th July, 1685. I went to see Dr. Tenison's library
[in St. Martin's].

Monmouth was this day brought to London and ex-
amined before the King, to whom he made great sub-
mission, acknowledged his seduction by Ferguson, the
Scot, whom he named the bloody villain. He was sent
to the Tower, had an interview with his late Duchess,
whom he received coldly, having lived dishonestly with
the Lady Henrietta Went worth for two years. He ob-
stinately asserted his conversation with that debauched
woman to be no sin ; whereupon, seeing he could not be
persuaded to his last breath, the divines who were sent
to assist him thought not fit to administer the Holy Com-
munion to him. For the rest of his faults he professed
great sorrow, and so died without any apparent fear. He
would not make use of a cap or other circumstance, but
lying down, bid the fellow to do his office better than to
the late Lord Russell, and gave him gold; but the wretch
made five chops before he had his head off; which so



228 DIARY OF LONDON

incensed the people, that had he not been guarded and
got away, they would have torn him to pieces.

The Duke made no speech on the scaffold (which was
on Tower Hill), but gave a paper containing not above
five or six lines, for the King, in which he disclaims all
title to the Crown, acknowledges that the late King, his
father, had indeed told him he was but his base son, and
so desired his Majesty to be kind to his wife and children.
This relation I had from Dr. Tenison (Rector of St.
Martin's), who, with the Bishops of Ely and Bath and
Wells, were sent to him by his Majesty, and v/ere at the
execution.

Thus ended this quondam Duke, darling of his father
and the ladies, being extremely handsome and adroit , an
excellent soldier and dancer, a favorite of the people, of
an easy nature, debauched by lust; seduced by crafty
knaves, who would have set him up only to make a prop-
erty, and taken the opportunity of the King being of
another religion, to gather a party of discontented men.
He failed and perished.

He was a lovely person, had a virtuous and excellent
lady that brought him great riches, and a second dukedom
in Scotland. He was Master of the Horse, General of the
King his father's army, Gentleman of the Bedchamber,
Knight of the Garter, Chancellor of Cambridge, in a word,
had accumulations without end. See what ambition and
want of principles brought him to! He was beheaded on
Tuesday, 14th of July. His mother, whose name was Bar-
low, daughter of some very mean creatures, was a beauti-
ful strumpet, whom I had often seen at Paris; she died
miserably without anything to bury her; yet this Perkin
had been made to believe that the King had married her, a
monstrous and ridiculous forgery! And to satisfy the
world of the iniquity of the report, the King his father
(if his father he really was, for he most resembled one
Sidney who was familiar with his mother) publicly and
most solemnly renounced it, to be so entered in the
Council Book some years since, with all the Privy Council-
lors' attestation.*

* The > contains an account of the circumstances
of the Duke of Monmouth's birth, which may be given in illustra-
tion of the statements of the text. Ross, tutor to the Duke of
Monmouth, is there said to have proposed to Bishop Cosins to sign a



i685 JOHN EVELYN 229

Had it not pleased God to dissipate this attempt in the
beginning, there would in all appearance have gathered
an irresistible force which would have desperately pro-
ceeded to the ruin of the Church and Government; so
general was the discontent and expectation of the oppor-
tunity. For my own part, I looked upon this deliver-
ance as most signal. Such an inundation of fanatics
and men of impious principles must needs have caused
universal disorder, cruelty, injustice, rapine, sacrilege,
and confusion, an unavoidable civil war, and misery with-
out end. Blessed be God, the knot was happily broken,
and a fair prospect of tranquillity for the future, if
we reform, be thankful, and make a right use of this
mercy!

1 8th July, 1685. I went to see the muster of the six
Scotch and English regiments whom the Prince of
Orange had lately sent to his Majesty out of Holland
upon this rebellion, but which were now returning,
there having been no occasion for their use. They
were all excellently clad and well disciplined, and were
encamped on Blackheath with their tents: the King and
Queen came to see them exercise, and the manner
of their encampment, which was very neat and magnificent.

By a gross mistake of the Secretary of his Majesty's
Forces, it had been ordered that they should be quar-
tered in private houses, contrary to an Act of Parliament,
but, on my informing his Majesty timely of it, it was
prevented.

certificate of the King's marriage to Mrs. Barlow, though her own name
was Walters : but this the Bishop refused. She was born of a gentle-
man's family in Wales, but having little means and less grace, came to
London to make her fortune. Algernon Sydney, then a Colonel in
Cromwell's army, had agreed to give her fifty broad pieces (as he told
the Duke of York) ; but being ordered hastily away with his regiment,
he missed his bargain. She went into Holland, where she fell into the
hands of his brother. Colonel Robert Sydney, who kept her for some
time, till the King hearing of her, got her from him. On which the
Colonel was heard to say, Let who will have her, she is already sped ;
and, after being with the King, she was so soon with child, that the
world had no cause to doubt whose child it was, and the rather that
when he grew to be a man, he very much resembled the Colonel both in
stature and countenance, even to a wart on his face. However, the King
owned the child. In the King's absence she behaved so loosely, that on
his return from his escape at Worcester he would have no further com-
merce with her, and she became a common prostitute at Paris.



23° DIARY OF CHELSEA

The two horsemen which my son and myself sent into
the county troops, were now come home, after a month's
being out to our great charge.

2oth July, 1685, The Trinity Company met this day,
which should have been on the Monday after Trinity,
but was put off by reason of the Royal Charter being
so large, that it could not be ready before. Some immu-
nities were superadded. Mr. Pepys, Secretary to the
Admiralty, was a second time chosen Master. There
were present the Duke of Grafton, Lord Dartmouth,
Master of the Ordnance, the Commissioners of the Navy,
and Brethren of the Corporation. We went to church,
according to custom, and then took barge to the Trinity
House, in London, where we had a great dinner, above
eighty at one table.

7th August, 1685. I went to see Mr. Watts, keeper of
the Apothecaries' garden of simples at Chelsea, where
there is a collection of innumerable rarities of that sort
particularly, besides many rare annuals, the tree bear-
ing Jesuit's bark, which had done such wonders in
quartan agues. What was very ingenious was the sub-
terranean heat, conveyed by a stove under the conserv-
atory, all vaulted with brick, so as he has the doors and
windows open in the hardest frosts, secluding only the
snow.

15th August, 1685. Came to visit us Mr. Boscawen,
with my Lord Godolphin's little son, with whose educa-
tion hitherto his father had intrusted me.

27th August, 1685. My daughter Elizabeth died of the
smallpox, soon after having married a young man,
nephew of Sir John Tippett, Surveyor of the Navy, and
one of the Commissioners. The 30th, she was buried in
the church at Deptford. Thus, in less than six months
were we deprived of two children for our unworthiness
and causes best known to God, whom I beseech from
the bottom of my heart that he will give us grace to
make that right use of all these chastisements, that we
may become better, and entirely submit in all things to
his infinitely wise disposal. Amen!

3d September, 1685. Lord Clarendon (Lord Privy
Seal ) wrote to let me know that the King being pleased
to send him Lord-Lieutenant into Ireland, was also
pleased to nominate me one of the Commissioners to



i685 JOHN EVELYN 231

execute the office of Privy Seal during- his Lieutenancy-
there, it behoving me to -wait upon his Majesty to give
him thanks for this great honor.

5th September, 1685. I accompanied his Lordship to
Windsor (dining by the -way of Sir Henry Capel's at
Kew), where his Majesty receiving me -with extraordinary
kindness, I kissed his hand, I told him how sensible I
was of his Majesty's gracious favor to me, that I would
endeavor to serve him with all sincerity, diligence, and
loyalty, not more out of my duty than inclination.
He said he doubted not of it, and was glad he had the
opportunity to show me the kindness he had for me.
After this, came abundance of great men to give
me joy.

6th September, 1685. Sunday. I went to prayer in
the chapel, and heard Dr. Standish. The second
sermon was preached by Dr. Creighton, on i Thess. iv.
II, persuading to unity and peace, and to be mindful of
our own business, according to the advice of the
apostle. Then I went to hear a Frenchman who
preached before the King and Queen in that splendid
chapel next St. George's Hall. Their Majesties going
to mass, I withdrew to consider the stupendous painting
of the Hall, which, both for the art and invention, deserve
the inscription in honor of the painter, Signor Verrio.
The history is Edward III. receiving the Black Prince,
coming toward him in a Roman triumph. The whole
roof is the history of St. George. The throne, the
carvings, etc., are incomparable, and I think equal to
any, and in many circumstances exceeding any, I have
seen abroad.

I dined at Lord Sunderland's, with (among others) Sir
William Soames, designed Ambassador to Constantinople.
About 6 o'clock came Sir Dudley and his brother Roger
North, and brought the Great Seal from my Lord Keeper,
who died the day before at his house in Oxfordshire.'
The King went immediately to council ; everybody guess-
ing who was most likely to succeed this great officer;
most believing it could be no other than my Lord Chief
Justice Jefferies, who had so vigorously prosecuted the
late rebels, and was now gone the Western Circuit, to
punish the rest that were secured in several counties, and
was now near upon his return. I took my leave of his



232 DIARY OF WINCHESTER

Majesty, who spoke very graciously to me, and supping
that night at Sir Stephen Fox's, I promised to dine there
the next day.

15th September, 1685. I accompanied Mr. Pepj^s to
Portsmouth, whither his ]\Iajesty was going the first time
since his coming to the Crown, to see in what state the
fortifications were. We took coach and six horses, late
after dinner, yet got to Bagshot that night. While sup-
per was making ready I went and made a visit to Mrs.
Graham, some time maid of honor to the Queen Dowager,
now wife to James Graham, Esq., of the privy purse to
the King ; her house being a walk in the forest, within a
little quarter of a mile from Bagshot town. Very im-
portunate she was that I would sup, and abide there that
night ; but, being obliged by my companion, I returned to
our inn, after she had shown me her house, which
was very commodious, and well furnished, as she was an
excellent housewife, a prudent and virtuous lady. There
is a park full of red deer about it. Her eldest son was
now sick there of the smallpox, but in a likely way of
recovery, and other of her children run about, and among
the infected, which she said she let them do on purpose
that they might while young pass that fatal disease she
fancied they were to undergo one time or other, and that
this would be the best: the severity of this cruel dis-
temper so lately in my poor family confirming much of
what she affirmed.

1 6th September, 1685. The next morning, setting out
early, we arrived soon enough at Winchester to wait on
the King, who was lodged at the Dean's (Dr. Meggot).
I found very few with him besides my Lords Fever-
sham, Arran, Newport, and the Bishop of Bath and
Wells. His Majesty was discoursing with the bishops
concerning miracles, and what strange things the Salud-
adors * would do in Spain, as by creeping into heated

* Evelyn subjoins this note; — « As to that of the Saludador (of which
likewise I remember Sir Arthur Hopton, formerly an Ambassador at
Madrid, had told me many like wonders), Mr. Pepj'S passing through
Spain, and being extremely inquisitive of the truth of these pretended
miracles of the Saludadors, found a very famous one at last, to whom
he offered a considerable reward if he would make a trial of the oven, or
any other thing of that kind, before him ; the fellow ingenuously told
him, that finding he was a more than ordinary curious person, he
would not deceive him, and so acknowledged that he could do none of



i685 JOHN EVELYN 233

ovens without hurt, and that they had a black cross in
the roof of their mouths, but yet were commonly noto-
rious and profane wretches ; upon which his Majesty fur-
ther said, that he was so extremely difficult of miracles,
for fear of being imposed upon, that if he should chance
to see one himself, without some other witness, he should
apprehend it a delusion of his senses. Then they spoke
of the boy who was pretended to have a wanting leg
restored him, so confidently asserted by Fr. de Santa
Clara and others. To all of which the Bishop added a
great miracle happening in Winchester to his certain
knowledge, of a poor, miserably sick and decrepit child
(as I remember long kept unbaptized) who immediately
on his baptism, recovered ; as also of the salutary effect
of King Charles his Majesty's father's blood, in healing
one that was blind.

There was something said of the second sight happen-
ing to some persons, especially Scotch; upon which his
Majesty, and I think Lord Arran, told us that Monsieur
a French nobleman, lately here in England, see-
ing the late Duke of Monmouth come into the playhouse
at London, suddenly cried out to somebody sitting in the
same box, *^ Voilh Monsieur coinnie il cntrc sans tete! *
Afterward his Majesty spoke of some relics that had ef-
fected strange cures, particularly a piece of our blessed
Savior's cross, that healed a gentleman's rotten nose by
only touching. And speaking of the golden cross and
chain taken out of the coffiin of St. Edward the Confessor
at Westminster, by one of the singing-men, who, as the
scaffolds were taken down after his Majesty's coronation,
espying a hole in the tomb, and something glisten, put
his hand in, and brought it to the dean, and he to the
King; his Majesty began to put the Bishop in mind how
earnestly the late King (his brother) called upon him
during his agony, to take out what he had in his pocket.
** I had thought, ** said the King, ^^ it had been for some keys,
which might lead to some cabinet that his Majesty would

the feats really, but that what they pretended was all a cheat, which he
would easily discover, though the poor superstitious people were easily
imposed upon ; yet have these impostors an allowance of the Bishops to
practice their jugglings. This Mr. Pepys affirmed to me ; but said he,
I did not conceive it fit to interrupt his Majesty, who so solemnly told
what they pretended to do. J. E.*



234



DIARY OF PORTSMOUTH



have me secure ** ; but, says he, you will remember that I
found nothing in any of his pockets but a cross of gold, and a
few insignificant papers '* ; and thereupon he showed us the
cross, and was pleased to put it into my hand. It was
of gold, about three inches long, having on one side a
crucifix enameled and embossed, the rest was graved
and garnished with goldsmiths' work, and two pretty
broad table amethysts (as I conceived), and at the bottom
a pendant pearl; within was enchased a little fragment,
as was thought, of the true cross, and a Latin inscrip-
tion in gold and Roman letters. More company coming
in, this discourse ended. I may not forget a resolution
which his Majesty made, and had a little before entered
upon it at the Council Board at Windsor or Whitehall,
that the negroes in the plantations should all be bap-
tized, exceedingly declaiming against that impiety of
their masters prohibiting it, out of a mistaken opinion
that they would be ipso facto free; but his Majesty per-
sists in his resolution to have them christened, which
piety the Bishop blessed him for.

I went out to see the new palace the late King had
begun, and brought almost to the covering. It is placed
on the side of the hill, where formerly stood the old
castle. It is a stately fabric, of three sides and a corri-
dor, all built of brick, and cornished, windows and col-
umns at the break and entrance of free-stone. It was
intended for a hunting-house when his Majesty should
come to these parts, and has an incomparable prospect.
I believe there had already been ^^20,000 and more ex-
pended; but his now Majesty did not seem to encourage
the finishing it at least for a while.

Hence to see the Cathedral, a reverend pile, and in
good repair. There are still the coffins of the six Saxon
Kings, whose bones had been scattered by the sac-
rilegious rebels of 1641, in expectation, I suppose, of
finding some valuable relics, and afterward gathered up
again and put into new chests, which stand above the
stalls of the choir.

17th September, 1685. Early next morning, we went
to Portsmouth, something before his Majesty arrived.
We found all the road full of people, the women in their
best dress, in expectation of seeing the King pass by.
which he did, riding on horseback a good part of the



i685 JOHN EVELYN 235

way. The Mayor and Aldermen with their mace, and in
their formalities, were standing at the entrance of the
fort, a mile on this side of the town, where the Mayor
made a speech to the King, and then the guns of the
fort were fired, as were those of the garrison, as soon as
the King was come into Portsmouth. All the soldiers
(near 3,000) were drawn up, and lining the streets and
platform to God's House (the name of the Governor's resi-
dence), where, after he had viewed the new fortifications
and shipyard, his Majesty was entertained at a magnifi-
cent dinner by Sir . . . Slingsby, the Lieutenant
Governor, all the gentlemen in his train sitting down at
table with him, which I also had done, had I not been
before engaged to Sir Robert Holmes, Governor of the
Isle of Wight, to dine with him at a private house, where
likewise we had a very sumptuous and plentiful repast of
excellent venison, fowl, fish, and fruit.

After dinner, I went to wait on his Majesty again, who
was pulling on his boots in the Town Hall adjoining the
house where he dined, and then having saluted some
ladies, who came to kiss his hand, he took horse
for Winchester, whither he returned that night. This
hall is artificially hung round with arms of all sorts,
like the hall and keep at Windsor. Hence, to see
the shipyard and dock, the fortifications, and other
things.

Portsmouth, when finished, will be very strong, and a
noble quay. There were now thirty-two men-of-war in
the harbor. I was invited by Sir R. Beach, the Commis-
sioner, where, after a great supper, Mr. Secretary and
myself lay that night, and the next morning set out for
Guildford, where we arrived in good hour, and so the
day after to London.

I had twice before been at Portsmouth, the Isle of
Wight, etc., many years since. I found this part of
Hampshire bravely wooded, especially about the house
and estate of Colonel Norton, who though now in being,
having formerly made his peace by means of Colonel
Legg, was formerly a very fierce commander in the first
Rebellion. His house is large, and standing low, on the
road from Winchester to Portsmouth.

By what I observed in this journey, is that infinite in-
dustry, sedulity, gravity, and great understanding and



236 DIARY OE LONDON

experience of affairs, in his Majesty, that I cannot but
predict much happiness to the nation, as to its political
government ; and, if he so persist, there could be nothing
more desired to accomplish our prosperity, but that he was
of the national religion.

30th September, 1685. Lord Clarendon's commission
for Lieutenant of Ireland was sealed this day.

2d October, 1685. Having a letter sent me by Mr.
Pepys with this expression at the foot of it, " I have
something to show you that I may not have another
time,** and that I would not fail to dine with him. I ac-
cordingly went. After dinner, he had me and Mr. Hou-
blon (a rich and considerable merchant, whose father had
fled out of Flanders on the persecution of the Duke of
Alva) into a private room, and told us that being lately
alone with his Majesty, and upon some occasion of speak-
ing concerning my late Lord Arlington dying a Roman
Catholic, who had all along seemed to profess himself a
Protestant, taken all the tests, etc., till the day (I think)
of his death, his Majesty said that as to his inclinations
he had known them long wavering, but from fear of
losing his places, he did not think it convenient to de-
clare himself. There are, says the King, those who
believe the Church of Rome gives dispensations for going
to church, and many like things, but that is not so ; for if
that might have been had, he himself had most reason to
make use of it. Indeed, he said, as to some matrimonial

CASES, THERE ARE NOW AND THEN DISPENSATIONS, but hardly

in any cases else.

This familiar discourse encouraged Mr. Pepys to beg
of his Majesty, if he might ask it without offense, and for
that his Majesty could not but observe how it was whis-
pered among many whether his late Majesty had been
reconciled to the Church of Rome; he again humbly be-
sought his Majesty to pardon his presumption, if he had
touched upon a thing which did not befit him to look
into. The King ingenuously told him that he both was
and died a Roman Catholic, and that he had not long
since declared that it was upon some politic and state
reasons, best known to himself (meaning the King his



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