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was put into his hand with a world of mysterious cere-
mony, the music playing, with singing. I could not have
believed I should ever have seen such things in the King
of England's palace, after it had pleased God to enlighten
this nation ; but our great sin has, for the present, eclipsed
the blessing, which I hope he will in mercy and his good
time restore to its purity.

* This collection was afterward purchased by Sir Hans Sloane, and
now forms part of the British Museum.



1686-87 JOHN EVELYN 259

Little appearance of any winter as yet.
ist January, 16S6-87. Mr. Wake preached at St. Mar-
tin's on I Tim. iii. 16, concerning the mystery of god-
liness. He wrote excellently, in answer to the Bishop
of Meaux.

3d January, 1687. A Seal to confirm a gift of ^4,000
per annum for 99 years to the Lord Treasurer out of the
Post Office, and ^1,700 per annum for ever out of Lord
Grey's estate.

There was now another change of the great officers.
The Treasury was put into commission, two professed
Papists among them, viz, Lords Bellasis and Dover,
joined with the old ones. Lord Godolphin, Sir Stephen
Fox, and Sir John Ernley.

17th January, 1687. Much expectation of several great
men declaring themselves Papists. Lord Tyrconnel gone
to succeed the Lord-Lieutenant [Clarendon] in Ireland,
to the astonishment of all sober men, and to the evident
ruin of the Protestants in that kingdom, as well as of
its great improvement going on. Much discourse that
all the White Staff officers and others should be dis-
missed for adhering to their religion. Popish Justices
of the Peace established in all counties, of the meanest
of the people; Judges ignorant of the law, and pervert-
ing it — so furiously do the Jesuits drive, and even com-
pel Princes to violent courses, and destruction of an
excellent government both in Church and State. God of
his infinite mercy open our eyes, and turn our hearts,
and establish his truth with peace! The Lord Jesus
defend his little flock, and preserve this threatened
church and nation!

24th January, 1687. I saw the Queen's new apartment
at Whitehall, with her new bed, the embroidery of which
cost ^3,000. The carving about the chimney piece, by
Gibbons, is incomparable.

30th January, 1687. I heard the famous eunuch, Cifaccio,
sing in the new Popish chapel this afternoon; it was in«
deed very rare, and with great skill. He came over
from Rome, esteemed one of the best voices in Italy.
Much crowding — little devotion.

27th February, 1687. Mr. Chetwin preached at White-
hall on Rom. i. 18, a very quaint, neat discourse of
Moral righteousness.



26o DIARY OF LaNDON

2d March, 1687. Came out a proclamation for universal
liberty of conscience in Scotland, and depensation from
all tests and laws to the contrary, as also capacitating-
Papists to be chosen into all offices of trust. The mystery
operates.

3d March, 1687. Dr. Meggott, Dean of Winchester,
preached before the Princess of Denmark, on Matt.
xiv. 23. In the afternoon, I went out of town to meet
my Lord Clarendon, returning from Ireland.

loth March, 1687. His Majesty sent for the Commis-
sioners of the Privy Seal this morning into his bedcham-
ber, and told us that though he had thought fit to dispose
of the Seal into a single hand, yet he would so provide
for us, as it should appear how well he accepted our
faithful and loyal service with many gracious expres-
sions to this effect; upon which we delivered the Seal
into his hands. It was by all the world both hoped and
expected, that he would have restored it to my Lord
Clarendon; but they were astonished to see it given to
Lord Arundel, of Wardour, a zealous Roman Catholic.
Indeed it was very hard, and looked very unkindly, his
Majesty (as my Lord Clarendon protested to me, on my
going to visit him and long discoursing with him about
the affairs of Ireland) finding not the least failure of
duty in him during his government of that kingdom,
so that his recall plainly appeared to be from the stronger
influence of the Papists, who now got all the preferments.

Most of the great officers, both in the Court and coun-
try. Lords and others, were dismissed, as they would not
promise his Majesty their consent to the repeal of the
test and penal statutes against Popish Recusants. To
this end, most of the Parliament men were spoken to in'
his Majesty's closet, and such as refused, if in any place
of office or trust, civil or military, were put out of their
employments. This was a time of great trial; but hardly
one of them assented, which put the Popish interest
much backward. The English clergy everywhere preached
boldly against their superstition and errors, and
were wonderfully followed by the people. Not one con-
siderable proselyte was made in all this time. The party
were exceedingly put to the worst by the preaching and
writing of the Protestants in many excellent treatises,
evincing the doctrine and discipline of the reformed



i687 JOHN EVELYN 261

religion, to the manifest disadvantage of their adversaries.
To this did not a little contribute the sermon preached
at Whitehall before the Princess of Denmark and a
great crowd of people, and at least thirty of the greatest
nobility, by Dr. Ken, Bishop of Bath and Wells, on John
viii. 46 (the Gospel of the day), describing through his
whole discourse the blasphemies, perfidy, wresting of
Scripture preference of tradition before it, spirit of
persecution, superstition, legends, and fables of the
Scribes and Pharisees, so that all the auditory under-
stood his meaning of a parallel between them and the
Romish priests, and their new Trent religion. He
exhorted his audience to adhere to the written Word,
and to persevere in the Faith taught in the Church of
England, whose doctrine for Catholic and soundness he
preferred to all the communities and churches of Chris-
tians in the world; concluding with a kind of prophecy,
that whatever it suffered, it should after a short trial
emerge to the confusion of her adversaries and the glory
of God.

I went this evening to see the order of the boys and
children at Christ's Hospital. There were near 800 boys
and girls so decently clad, cleanly lodged, so wholesomely
fed, so admirably taught, some the mathematics, espe-
cially the forty of the late King's foundation, that I was
delighted to see the progress some little youths of
thirteen or fourteen years of age had made. I saw them
at supper visited their dormitories, and much admired
the order, economy, and excellent government of this
most charitable seminary. Some are taught for the
Universities, others designed for seamen, all for trades
and callings. The girls are instructed in all such work
as becomes their sex and may fit them for good wives,
mistresses, and to be a blessing to their generation.
They sang a psalm before they sat down to supper in
the great Hall, to an organ which played all the time,
with such cheerful harmony, that it seemed to me a
vision of angels. I came from the place with infinite
satisfaction, having never seen a more noble, pious, and
admirable charity. All these consisted of orphans only.*
The foundation was of that pious Prince King Edward
VI., whose picture (held to be an original of Holbein)

*This is by no means the case now.



262 DIARY OF LONDON

is in the court where the Governors meet to consult on
the affairs of the Hospital, and his statue in white
marble stands in a niche of the wall below, as you go
to the church, which is a modern, noble, and ample
fabric. This foundation has had, and still has, many-
benefactors.

1 6th March, 1687. I saw a trial of those devilish,
murdering, mischief doing engines called bombs, shot
out of the mortar piece on Blackheath. The distance
that they are cast, the destruction they make where they
fall, is prodigious.

20th March, 1687. The Bishop of Bath and Wells (Dr.
Ken) preached at St Martin's to a crowd of people not
to be expressed, nor the wonderful eloquence of this
admirable preacher; the text was Matt. xxvi. 36 to verse
40, describing the bitterness of our Blessed Savior's agony,
the ardor of his love, the infinite obligations we have to
imitate his patience and resignation ; the means by watch-
ing against temptations, and over ourselves with fervent
prayer to attain it, and the exceeding reward in the end.
Upon all which he made most pathetical discourses. The
Communion followed, at which I was participant. I
afterward dined at Dr. Tenison's with the Bishop and
that young, most learned, pious, and excellent preacher,
Mr Wake. In the afternoon, I went to hear Mr. Wake
at the newly built church of St. Anne, on Mark viii. 34,
upon the subject of taking up the cross, and strenuously
behaving ourselves in time of persecution, as this now
threatened to be.

His Majesty again prorogued the Parliament, foreseeing
It would not remit the laws against Papists, by the ex-
traordinary zeal and bravery of its members, and the
free renunciation of the great officers both in Court and
state, who would not be prevailed with for any temporal
concern.

25th March, 16S7, Good Friday. Dr. Tenison preached
at St Martin s on i Peter ii. 24. During the service, a
man came into near the middle of the church, with his
sword drawn, with several others in that posture ; in this
jealous time it put the congregation into great confusion ,
but it appeared to be one who fled for sanctuary, being
pursued by bailiffs.

8th April, 1687. I had a rehearing of my great cause



i687 JOHN EVELYN 263

at the Chancery in Westminster Hall, having seven of the
most learned Counsel, my adversary five, among- which
were the Attorney General and late Solicitor Finch, son to
the Lord Chancellor Nottingham. The account was at
last brought to one article of the surcharge, and referred
to a Master. The cause lasted two hours and more.

loth April, 1687. In the last week there was issued a
Dispensation from all obligations and tests, by which
Dissenters and Papists especially had public liberty of
exercising their several ways of worship, without incurring
the penalty of the many Laws and Acts of Parliament to
the contrary. This was purely obtained by the Papists,
thinking thereby to ruin the Church of England, being
now the only church which so admirably and strenuously
opposed their superstition. There was a wonderful con-
course of people at the Dissenters' meeting house in this
parish, and the parish church [ Deptford ] left exceedingly
thin. What this will end in, God Almighty only knows;
but it looks like confusion, which I pray God avert.

nth April, 1687. To London about my suit, some terms
of accommodation being proposed.

19th April, 1687. I heard the famous singer, Cifaccio,
esteemed the best in Europe. Indeed, his holding out and
delicateness in extending and loosing a note with incom-
parable softness and sweetness, was admirable; for the
rest I found him a mere wanton, effeminate child, very
coy, and proudly conceited, to my apprehension. He
touched the harpsichord to his voice rarely well. This
was before a select number of particular persons whom
Mr. Pepys invited to his house ; and this was obtained by
particular favor and much difficulty, the Signor much
disdaining to show his talent to any but princes.

24th April, 1687. At Greenwich, at the conclusion of the
Church service, there was a French sermon preached
after the use of the English Liturgy translated into
French, to a congregation of about 100 French refugees,
of whom Monsieur Ruvigny was the chief, and had ob-
tained the use of the church, after the parish service
was ended The preacher pathetically exhorted to pa-
tience constancy, and reliance on God amidst all their
sufferings, and the infinite rewards to come.

2d May, 1687 I dined with Mynheer Diskvelts, the
Holland Ambassador, a prudent and worthy person.



264 DIARY OF LONDON

There dined Lord Middleton, principal Secretary of State,
Lord Pembroke, Lord Lumley, Lord Preston, Colonel Fitz-
patrick, and Sir John Chardin. After dinner, the Ambassa-
dor discoursed of and deplored the stupid folly of our
politics, in suffering the French to take Luxemburg, it
being a place of the most concern to have been defended,
for the interest not only of the Netherlands, but of
England.

1 2th Ma)'-, 1687. To London. Lord Sunderland being
Lord President and Secretary of State, was made Knight
of the Garter and Prime favorite. This day there was
such a storm of wind as had seldom happened, being a
sort of hurricane. It kept the flood out of the Thames,
so that people went on foot over several places above
bridge. Also an earthquake in several places in England
about the time of the storm.

26th May, 1687. To London, about my agreement with
Mr. Pretyman, after my tedious suit.

2d June, 1687. I went to London, it having pleased
his Majesty to grant me a Privy Seal for ;^6,ooo, for
discharge of the debt I had been so many years perse-
cuted for, it being indeed for money drawn over by my
father-in-law. Sir R. Browne, during his residence in the
Court of France, and so with a much greater sum due
to Sir Richard from his Majesty; and now this part of
the arrear being paid, there remains yet due to me, as
executor of Sir Richard, above ^^6,500 more; but this
deteraiining an expensive Chancery suit has been so great
a mercy and providence to me ( through the kindness
and friendship to me of Lord Godolphin, one of the
Lords Commissioners of the Treasury,) that I do ac-
knowledge it with all imaginable thanks to my gracious
God.

6th June, 1687. I visited my Lady Pierpoint, daughter
to Sir John Evelyn, of Deane [in Wilts], now widow of
Mr. Pierpoint, and mother of the Earl of Kingston. She
was now engaged in the marriage of my cousin, Evelyn
Pierpoint, her second son.

There was about this time brought into the Downs a
vast treasure, which was sunk in a Spanish galleon about
forty-five years ago, somewhere near Hispaniola, or the
Bahama islands, and was now weighed up by some gen-
tlemen, who were at the charge of divers, etc., to the



i687 JOHN EVELYN 265

enriching them beyond all expectation. The Duke of
Albemarle's share [Governor of Jamaica] came to, I be-
lieve, ;^5o,ooo. Some private gentlemen who adventured
^100, gained from ^8,000 to ;;^io,ooo. His Majesty's
tenth was ^^i 0,000.

The Camp was now again pitched at Hounslow, the
Commanders profusely vying in the expense and mag-
nificence of tents.

12th June, 1687. Our Vicar preached on 2 Peter ii. 21,
upon the danger of relapsing into sin. After this, I went
and heard M. Lamot, an eloquent French preacher at
Greenwich, on Prov. xxx. 8, 9, a consolatory discourse to
the poor and religious refugees who escaped out of France
in the cruel persecution.

i6th June, 1687. I went to Hampton Court to give his
Majesty thanks for his late gracious favor, though it was
but granting what was due. While I was in the Coun-
cil Chamber, came in some persons, at the head of whom
was a formal man with a large roll of parchment in his
hand, being an Address (as he said, for he introduced
it with a speech) of the people of Coventry, giving his
Majesty their great acknowledgments for his granting a
liberty of conscience ; he added that this was not the ap-
plication of one party only, but the unanimous address
of Church of England men, Presbyterians, Independ-
ents, and Anabaptists, to show how extensive his Maj-
esty's grace was, as taking in all parties to his indulgence
and protection, which had removed all dissensions and
animosities, which would not only unite them in bonds
of Christian charity, but exceedingly encourage their
future industry, to the improvement of trade, and spread-
ing his Majesty's glory throughout the world; and that
now he had given to God his empire, God would estab-
lish his ; with expressions of great loyalty and submission ;
and so he gave the roll to the King, which being re-
turned to him again, his Majesty caused him to read.
The address was short, but much to the substance of
the speech of their foreman, to whom the King, pulling
off his hat, said that what he had done in giving liberty
of conscience, was, what was ever his judgment ought to
be done; and that, as he would preserve them in their
enjoyment of it during his reign, so he would endeavor
to settle it by law, that it should never be altered by his



266 DIARY OF wotton

successors. After this, he gave them his hand to kiss.
It was reported the subscribers were above i,ooo.

But this is not so remarkable as an address of the
week before (as I was assured by one present), of some
of the Family of Love. His Majesty asked them what
this worship consisted in, and how many their party might
consist of; they told him their custom was to read the
Scripture, and then to preach; but did not give any fur-
ther account, only said that for the rest they were a sort
of refined Quakers, but their number very small, not con-
sisting, as they said, of above threescore in all, and those
chiefly belonging to the Isle of Ely.

i8th June, 1687. I dined at Mr. Blathwaite's (two miles
from Hampton). This gentleman is Secretary of War,
Clerk of the Council, etc., having raised himself by his
industry from very moderate circumstances. He is a very
proper, handsome person, very dexterous in business, and
besides all this, has married a great fortune. His income
by the Army, Council, and Secretary to the Committee of
Foreign Plantations, brings him in above ;^2,ooo per
annum.

23d June, 1687. The Privy Seal for ^G,ooo was passed
to me, so that this tedious affair was dispatched. Hith-
erto, a very windy and tempestuous summer. The French
sermons to the refugees were continued at Greenwich
Church.

19th July, 1687. I went to Wotton. In the way, I
dined at Ashted, with my Lady Mordaunt.

5th August, 1687. I went to see Albury, now pur-
chased by Mr. Finch (the King's Solicitor and son to the
If'.te Lord Chancellor) ; I found the garden which I first
designed for the Duke of Norfolk, nothing improved.

15th August, 1687. I went to visit Lord Clarendon at
Swallowfield, where was my Lord Cornbury just arrived
from Denmark, whither he had accompanied the Prince
of Denmark two months before, and now come back.
The miserable tyranny under which that nation lives, he
related to us; the King keeps them under an army of
40,000 men, all Germans, he not daring to trust his own
subjects. Notwithstanding this, the Danes are exceedingly
proud, the country very poor and miserable.

22d August, 1687. Returned home to Sayes Court from
Wotton, having been five weeks absent with my brother



1687-88 JOHN EVELYN 267

and friends, who entertained lis very nobly. God be
praised for his goodness, and this refreshment after my
many troubles, and let his mercy and providence ever
preserve me. Amen.

3d September, 1687. The Lord Mayor sent me an Of-
ficer with a staff, to be one of the Governors of St.
Thomas's Hospital.

Persecution raging in France; divers churches there
fired by lightning, priests struck, consecrated hosts, etc.,
burnt and destroyed, both at St. Malos and Paris, at the
grand procession on Corpus Christi day.

13th September, 1687. I went to Lambeth, and dined
with the Archbishop. After dinner, I retired into the
library, which I found exceedingly improved; there are
also divers rare manuscripts in a room apart.

6th October, 1687. I was godfather to Sir John Char-
din's son, christened at Greenwich Church, named John.
The Earl of Bath and Countess of Carlisle, the other
sponsors.

29th October, 1687. An Anabaptist, a very odd igno-
rant person, a mechanic, I think, was Lord Mayor. The
King and Queen, and Dadi, the Pope's Nuncio, invited
to a feast at Guildhall. A strange turn of affairs, that
those who scandalized the Church of England as favorers
of Popery, should publicly invite an emissary from Rome,
one who represented the very person of their Antichrist!

loth December, 1687. My son was returned out of
Devon, where he had been on a commission from the Lords
of the Treasury about a concealment of land.

20th December, 1687. I went with my Lord Chief-
Justice Herbert, to see his house at Walton-on-Thames: it
is a barren place. To a very ordinary house he had
built a very handsome library, designing more building
to it than the place deserves, in my opinion. He desired
my advice about laying out his gardens, etc. The next
day, we went to Weybridge, to see some pictures of the
Duchess of Norfolk's, particularly the statue, or child in
gremio, said to be of Michael Angelo; but there are rea-
sons to think it rather a copy, from some proportion in
the figures ill taken. It was now exposed to sale.

12th January, 1687-88. Mr. Slingsby, Master of the
Mint, being under very deplorable circumstances on ac-
count of his creditors, and especially the King, I did my



268 DIARY OF LONDON

endeavor with the Lords of the Treasury to be favorable
to him.

My Lord Arran, eldest son to the Duke of Hamilton,
being now married to Lady Ann Spencer, eldest daughter
of the Earl of Sunderland, Lord President of the Coun-
cil, I and my fam.ily had most glorious favors sent
us, the wedding being celebrated with extraordinary
splendor.

15th January, 1688. There was a solemn and particu-
lar office used at our, and all the churches of London
and ten miles round, for a thanksgiving to God, for her
Majesty being with child.

2 2d January, 1688. This afternoon I went not to church,
being employed on a religious treatise I had undertaken.

Post annum 1588 — 1660 — 1688^ Annus Mir abilis Tertius*

30th January, 1688. Being the Martyrdom day of King
Charles I., our curate made a florid oration against the
murder of that excellent Prince, with an exhortation to
obedience from the example of David; i Samuel xxvi. 6.

12th February, 1688. My daughter Evelyn going in
the coach to visit in the city, a jolt (the door being not
fast shut) flung her quite out in such manner, as the
hind wheels passed over her a little above her knees.
Yet it pleased God, besides the bruises of the wheels,
she had no other harm. In two days she was able to
walk, and soon after perfectly well; through God Al-
mighty's great mercy to an excellent wife and a most
dutiful and discreet daughter-in-law.

17th February, 1688. I received the sad news of my
niece Montague's death at Woodcot on the 15th.

15th March, 1688. I gave in my account about the
sick and wounded, in order to have my quietus.

23d March, 1688. Dr. Parker, Bishop of Oxford, who
so lately published his extravagant treatise about tran-
substantiation, and for abrogating the test and penal
laws, died. He was esteemed a violent, passionate,
haughty man, but yet being pressed to declare for the
Church of Rome, he utterly refused it. A remarkable
end !

The French Tyrant now finding he could make no
proselytes among those Protestants of quality, and others,
whom he had caused to be shut up in dungeons, and

* This seems to have been added after the page was written.



1 688 JOHN EVELYN 269

confined Lo nunneries and monasteries, gave them, after
so long trial, a general releasement, and leave to go out
of the kingdom, but utterly taking their estates and their
children ; so that great numbers came daily into England
and other places, where they were received and relieved
with very considerate Christian charity. This Providence
and goodness of God to those who thus constantly held
out, did so work upon those miserable poor souls who, to
avoid the persecution, signed their renunciation, and to
save their estates went to mass, that reflecting on what
they had done, they grew so affected in their conscience,
that not being able to support it, they in great numbers
through all the French provinces, acquainted the magis-
trates and lieutenants that being sorry for their apostacy,
they were resolved to return to their old religion; that
they would go no more to mass, but peaceably assemble
when they could, to beg pardon and worship God, but so
without weapons as not to give the least umbrage of
rebellion or sedition, imploring their pity and commis-
eration; and, accordingly, meeting so from time to time,
the dragoon-missioners. Popish officers and priests, fell
upon them, murdered and put them to death, whoever
they could lay hold on ; they without the least resistance
embraced death, torture, or hanging, with singing psalms
and praying for their persecutors to the last breath, yet
still continuing the former assembling of themselves in
desolate places, suffering with incredible constancy, that
through God's mercy they might obtain pardon for this



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