Michael Drayton.

Universal classics library (Volume 10) online

. (page 28 of 34)
Online LibraryMichael DraytonUniversal classics library (Volume 10) → online text (page 28 of 34)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


by a convention only, and the as yet unabrogated laws;
this drew them to make themselves on the 2 2d [Feb-
ruary] a Parliament, the new King passing the act with
the crown on his head. The lawyers disputed, but ne-
cessity prevailed, the government requiring a speedy
settlement.



i689 JOHN EVELYN 291

Innumerable were the crowds, who solicited for, and
expected offices; most of the old ones were turned out.
Two or three white staves were disposed of some days
before, as Lord Steward, to the Earl of Devonshire;
Treasurer of the household, to Lord Newport; Lord
Chamberlain to the King, to my Lord of Dorset; but
there were as yet none in offices of the civil govern-
ment save the Marquis of Halifax as Privy Seal. A
council of thirty was chosen, Lord Derby president, but
neither Chancellor nor Judges were yet declared, the
new Great Seal not yet finished.

8th March, 1689. Dr. Tillotson, Dean of Canterbury,
made an excellent discourse on Matt. v. 44, exhorting to
charity and forgiveness of enemies; I suppose purposely,
the new Parliament being furious about impeaching those
who were obnoxious, and as their custom has ever been,
going on violently, without reserve, or modification, while
wise men were of opinion the most notorious offenders
being named and excepted, an Act of Amnesty would be
more seasonable, to pacify the minds of men in so general
a discontent of the nation, especially of those who did not
expect to see the government assumed without any regard
to the absent King, or proving a spontaneous abdication,
or that the birth of the Prince of Wales was an im-
posture ; five of the Bishops also still refusing to take the
new oath.

In the meantime, to gratify the people, the hearth-tax
was remitted forever ; but what was intended to supply it,
besides present great taxes on land, is not named.

The King abroad was now furnished by the French
King with money and officers for an expedition to Ireland.
The great neglect in not more timely preventing that
from hence, and the disturbances in Scotland, give appre-
hensions of great difficulties, before any settlement can be
perfected here, while the Parliament dispose of the great
offices among themselves. The Great Seal, Treasury and
Admiralty put into commission of many unexpected
persons, to gratify the more; so that by the present
appearance of things (unless God Almighty graciously
interpose and give success in Ireland and settle Scot-
land) more trouble seems to threaten the nation than
could be expected. In the interim, the new King refers
all to the Parliament in the most popular manner, but



292 DIARY OF LONDON

is very slow in providing against all these menaces,
besides finding difficulties in raising men to send abroad;
the former army, which had never seen any service
hitherto, receiving their pay and passing their summer in
an idle scene of a camp at Hounslow, unwilling to engage,
and many disaffected, and scarce to be trusted.

29th March, 16S9. The new King much blamed for
neglecting Ireland, now likely to be ruined by the Lord
Tyrconnel and his Popish party, too strong for the
Protestants. Wonderful uncertainty where King James
was, whether in France or Ireland. The Scots seem as
yet to favor King William, rejecting King James's letter
to them, yet declaring nothing positively. Soldiers in
England discontented. Parliament preparing the corona-
tion oath. Presbyterians and Dissenters displeased at the
vote for preserving the Protestant religion as established
by law. without mentioning what they were to have as to
indulgence.

The Archbishop of Canterbury and four other Bishops
refusing to come to Parliament, it was deliberated whether
they should incur Prcsmunire; but it was thought fit to let
this fall, and be connived at, for fear of the people, to
whom these Prelates were very dear, for the opposition
they had given to Popery.

Court offices distributed among Parliament men. No
considerable fleet as yet sent forth. Things far from
settled as was expected, by reason of the slothful, sickly
temper of the new King, and the Parliament's unmind-
fulness of Ireland, which is likely to prove a sad omission.

The Confederates beat the French out of the Palatinate,
which they had most barbarously ruined.

nth April, 1689. I saw the procession to and from the
Abbey Church of Westminster, with the great feast in
Westminster Hall, at the coronation of King William
and Queen Mary. What was different from former cor-
onations, was some alteration in the coronation oath.
Dr. Burnet, now made Bishop of Sarum, preached with
great applause. The Parliament men had scaffolds and
places which took up the one whole side of the Hall.
When the King and Queen had dined, the ceremony of
the Champion, and other services by tenure were per-
formed. The Parliament men were feasted in the Ex-
chequer chamber, and had each of them a gold medal



i689 JOHN EVELYN 293

given them, worth five-and-forty shillings. On the one
side were the effigies of the King and Queen inclining
one to the other; on the reverse was Jupiter throwing a
bolt at Phaeton the words, *-*■ Ne totus absumatur''\- wYiioh
was but dull, seeing they might have had out of the
poet something as apposite. The sculpture was very
mean.

Much of the splendor of the proceeding was abated by
the absence of divers who should have contributed to it,
there being but five Bishops, four Judges ( no more being
yet sworn), and several noblemen and great ladies want-
ing; the feast, however, was magnificent. The next day
the House of Commons went and kissed their new Ma-
jesties' hands in the Banqueting House.

12th April, 1689. I went with the Bishop of St. Asaph
to visit my Lord of Canterbury at Lambeth, who had
excused himself from officiating at the coronation, which
was performed by the Bishop of London, assisted by the
Archbishop of York. We had much private and free dis-
course with his Grace concerning several things relating
to the Church, there being now a bill of comprehension
to be brought from the Lords to the Commons. I urged
that when they went about to reform some particulars
in the Liturgy, Church discipline, Canons, etc., the bap-
tizing in private houses without necessity might be
reformed, as likewise so frequent burials in churches;
the one proceeding much from the pride of women, bring-
ing that into custom which was only indulged in case
of imminent danger, and out of necessity during the
rebellion, and persecution of the clergy in our late civil
wars; the other from the avarice of ministers, who, in
some opulent parishes, made almost as much of permis-
sion to bury in the chancel and the church, as of their
livings, and were paid with considerable advantage and
gifts for baptizing in chambers. To this they heartily
assented, and promised their endeavor to get it reformed,
utterly disliking both practices as novel and indecent.

We discoursed likewise of the great disturbance and
prejudice it might cause, should the new oath, now on
the anvil, be imposed on any, save '^■uch as were in new
office, without any retrospect to such as either had no
office, or had been long in office, who it was likely would
have some scruples about taking a new oath, having



294 DIARY OF London

already sworn fidelity to the government as established by
law. This we all knew to be the case of my Lord Arch-
bishop of Canterbury, and some other persons who were
not so fully satisfied wath the Convention making it an
abdication of King James, to whom they had sworn al-
legiance.

King James w^as now certainly in Ireland with the Mar-
shal d'Estrades, whom he made a Privy Councillor; and
who caused the King to remove the Protestant Council-
lors, some whereof, it seems, had continued to sit, telling
him that the King of France, his master, would never as-
sist him if he did not immediately do it; by which it
is apparent how the poor Prince is managed by the
French.

Scotland declares for King William and Queen Mary,
wnth the reasons of their setting aside King James, not
as abdicating, but forfeiting his right by mal-administra-
tion; they proceeded with much more caution and pru-
dence than we did, w^ho precipitated all things to the
great reproach of the nation, all which had been man-
aged by some crafty, ill-principled men. The new Privy
Council have a Republican spirit, manifestly undermining
all future succession of the Crown and prosperity of the
Church of England, which yet I hope they will not be
able to accomplish so soon as they expect, though they
get into all places of trust and profit.

2ist April, 1689, This was one of the most seasonable
springs, free from the usual sharp east winds that I have
observed since the year 1660 (the year of the Restora-
tion), which was much such an one.

26th April, 1689. I heard the lawyers plead before the
Lords the writ of error in the judgment of Oates, as to
the charge against him of perjury, which after debate
they referred to the answer of Holloway, etc., who were
his judges. I then went vWth the Bishop of St. Asaph
to the Archbishop at Lambeth, where they entered into
discourse concerning the final destruction of Antichrist,
both concluding that the third trumpet and vial were now
pouring out. My Lord St. Asaph considered the killing
of the two witnesses, to be the utter destruction of the
Cevennes Protestants by the French and Duke of Savoy,
and the other the Waldenses and Pyrenean Christians,
who by all appearance from good history had kept the



i689 JOHN EVELYN 295

primitive faith from the very Apostles' time till now.
The doubt his Grace suggested was, whether it could be
made evident that the present persecution had made so
great a havoc of those faithful people as of the other,
and whether there were not yet some among them in be-
ing who met together, it being stated from the text, Apoc.
xi., that they shotild both be slain together. They both
much approved of Mr. Mede's way of interpretation, and
that he only failed in resolving too hastily on the King
of Sweden's (Guatavus Adolphus) success in Germany.
They agreed that it would be good to employ some in-
telligent French minister to travel as far as the Pyrenees
to understand the present state of the Church there, it
being a country where hardly anyone travels.

There now came certain news that King James had
not only landed in Ireland, but that he had surprised
Londonderry, and was become master of that kingdom, to
the great shame of our government, who had been so
often solicited to provide against it by timely succor, and
which they might so easily have done. This is a terri-
ble beginning of more troubles, especially should an army
come thence into Scotland, people being generally disaf-
fected here and everywhere else, so that the seamen and
landmen would scarce serve without compulsion.

A new oath was now fabricating for all the clergy to
take, of obedience to the present Government, in abroga-
tion of the former oaths of allegiance, which it is foreseen
many of the bishops and others of the clergy will not
take. The penalty is to be the loss of their dignity and
spiritual preferment. This is thought to have been driven
on by the Presbyterians, our new governors. God in
mercy send us help, and direct the counsels to his glory
and good of his Church!

Public matters went very ill in Ireland: confusion and
dissensions among ourselves, stupidity, inconstancy, emu-
lation, the governors employing unskillful men in greatest
offices, no person of public spirit and ability appearing,
— threaten us with a very sad prospect of what may be
the conclusion, without God's infinite mercy.

A fight by Admiral Herbert with the French, he im-
prudently setting on them in a creek as they were land-
ing men in Ireland, by which we came off with great
slaughter and little honor — so strangely negligent and



296 DIARY OF LONDON

remiss were we in preparing a timely and sufficient fleet.
The Scots Commissioners offer the crown to the new-
King AND Queen on conditions. — Act of Poll-money came
forth, sparing none. — Now appeared the Act of Indul-
gence for the Dissenters, but not exempting them from
paying dues to the Church of England clergy, or serving
in office according to law, with several other clauses. —
A most splendid embassy from Holland to congratulate
the King and Queen on their accession to the crown.

4th June, 1689. A solemn fast for success of the fleet, etc.

6th June, 1689, I dined with the Bishop of Asaph;
Monsieur Capellus, the learned son of the most learned
Ludovicus, presented to him his father's works, not pub-
lished till now.

7th June, 1689. I visited the Archbishop of Canter-
bury, and stayed with him till about seven o'clock. He
read to me the Pope's excommunication of the French
King.

9th June, 1689. Visited Dr. Burnet, now Bishop of
Sarum; got him to let Mr. Kneller draw his picture.

1 6th June, 1689. King James's declaration was now
dispersed, offering pardon to all, if on his landing, or
within twenty days after, they should return to their
obedience.

Our fleet not yet at sea, through some prodigious sloth,
and men minding only their present interest; the French
riding masters at sea, taking many great prizes to our
wonderful reproach. No certain news from Ireland;
various reports of Scotland; discontents at home. The
King of Denmark at last joins with the Confederates,
and the two Northern Powers are reconciled. The East
India Company likely to be dissolved by Parliament for
many arbitrary actions. Gates acquitted of perjury, to all
honest men's admiration.

20th June, 1689. News of a plot discovered, on which
divers were sent to the Tower and secured.

23d June, 1689. An extraordinary drought, to the
threatening of great wants as to the fruits of the earth.

8th July, 1689. I sat for my picture to Mr. Kneller,
for Mr. Pepys, late Secretary to the Admiralty, holding
my in my right hand. It was on his long and
earnest request, and is placed in his library. Kneller
never painted in a more masterly manner.



i689 JOHN EVELYN 297

nth July, 1689. I dined at Lord Clarendon's, it being
his lady's wedding day, when about three in the after-
noon there was an unusual and violent storm of thunder,
rain, and wind; many boats on the Thames were over-
whelmed, and such was the impetuosity of the wind as
to carry up the waves in pillars and spouts most dread-
ful to behold, rooting up trees and ruining some
houses. The Countess of Sunderland afterward told me
that it extended as far as Althorpe at the very time,
which is seventy miles from London. It did no
harm at Deptford, but at Greenwich it did much mis-
chief.

1 6th July, 1689. I went to Hampton Court about busi-
ness, the Council being there. A great apartment and
spacious garden with fountains was beginning in the park
at the head of the canal.

19th July, 1689. The Marshal de Schomberg went now
as General toward Ireland, to the relief of Londonderry.
Our fleet lay before Brest. The Confederates passing the
Rhine, besiege Bonn and Mayence, to obtain a passage
into France. A great victory gotten by the Muscovites,
taking and burning Perecop. A new rebel against the
Turks threatens the destruction of that tyranny. All
Europe in arms against France, and hardly to be found
in history so universal a face of war.

The Convention (or Parliament as some called it) sit-
ting, exempt the Duke of Hanover from the succession
to the crown, which they seem to confine to the present
new King, his wife, and Princess Anne of Denmark, who
is so monstrously swollen, that it is doubted whether her
being thought with child may prove a tympany only, so
that the unhappy family of the Stuarts seems to be ex-
tinguishing; and then what government is likely to be
next set up is unknown, whether regal and by elec-
tion, or otherwise, the Republicans and Dissenters
from the Church of England evidently looking that
way.

The Scots have now again voted down Episcopacy
there. Great discontents through this nation at the slow
proceedings of the King, and the incompetent instruments
and officers he advances to the greatest and most neces-
sary charges.

23d August, 1689. Came to visit me Mr. Firmin.



298 DIARY OF LONDON

25th August, 1689. Hitherto it has been a most sea-
sonable summer. Londonderry relieved after a brave and
wonderful holding out.

2ist September, 1689. I went to visit the Archbishop
of Canterbury since his suspension, and was received with
great kindness. A dreadful fire happened in Southwark.

2d October, 1689. Came to visit us the Marquis de
Ruvign^, and one Monsieur le Coque, a French refugee,
who left great riches for his religion; a very learned,
civil person; he married the sister of the Duchess de la
Force. Ottobone, a Venetian Cardinal, eighty years old,
made Pope.*

31st October, 16S9. My birthday, being now sixty-
nine years old. Blessed Father, who hast prolonged my
years to this great age, and given me to see so great
and wonderful revolutions, and preserved me amid them
to this moment, accept, I beseech thee, the continuance
of my prayers and thankful acknowledgments, and grant
me grace to be working out my salvation and redeeming
the time, that thou mayst be glorified by me here,
and my immortal soul saved whenever thou shalt call
for it, to perpetuate thy praises to all eternity, in that
heavenly kingdom where there are no more changes or
vicissitudes, but rest, and peace, and joy, and consum-
mate felicity, forever. Grant this, O heavenly Father,
for the sake of Jesus thine only Son and our Savior.
Amen!

5th November, 1689. The Bishop of St. Asaph, Lord
Almoner, preached before the King and Queen, the
whole discourse being an historical narrative of the
Church of England's several deliverances, especially that
of this anniversary, signalized by being also the birthday
of the Prince of Orange, his marriage (which was on the
4th), and his landing at Torbay this day. There was a
splendid ball and other rejoicings.

loth November, 1689. After a very wet season, the
winter came on severely.

17th November, 1689. Much wet, without frost, yet the
wind north and easterly. A Convocation of the Clergy
meet about a reformation of our Liturgy, Canons, etc.,
obstructed by others of the clerg5^

* Peter Otthobonus succeeded Innocent XI. as Pope in 16S9, by the
title of Alexander VIII.



1689-90 JOHN EVELYN 299

27th November, 1689. I went to London with my
family, to winter at Soho, in the great square.

Tith January, 1689-90. This night there was a most
extraordinary storm of wind, accompanied with snow
and sharp weather; it did great harm in many places,
blowing down houses, trees, etc., killing many people.
It began about two in the morning, and lasted till five,
being a kind of hurricane, which mariners observe
have begun of late years to come northward. This
winter has been hitherto extremely wet, warm, and windy.

12th January, 1690. There was read at St. Ann's
Church an exhortatory letter to the clergy of London
from the Bishop, together with a Brief for relieving the
distressed Protestants, and Vaudois, who fled from the
persecution of the French and Duke of Savoy, to
the Protestant Cantons of Switzerland.

The Parliament was unexpectedly prorogued to 2d of
April to the discontent and surprise of many members who,
being exceedingly averse to the settling of anything, pro-
ceeding with animosities, multiplying exceptions against
those whom they pronounced obnoxious, and producing
as universal a discontent against King William and them-
selves, as there was before against King James. The
new King resolved on an expedition into Ireland in per-
son. About 150 of the members who were of the more
royal party, meeting at a feast at the Apollo Tavern near
St. Dunstan's, sent some of their company to the King,
to assure him of their service; he returned his thanks,
advising them to repair to their several counties and pre-
serve the peace during his absence, and assuring them
that he would be steady to his resolution of defending
the Laws and Religion established. The great Lord sus-
pected to have counselled this prorogation, universally
denied it. However, it was believed the chief adviser
was the Marquis of Carmarthen, who now seemed to be
most in favor.

2d February, 1690. The Parliament was dissolved by
proclamation, and another called to meet the 20th of
March. This was a second surprise to the former mem-
bers; and now the Court party, or, as they call themselves,
Church of England, arc making their interests in the
country. The Marquis of Halifax lays down his office of
Privy Seal, and pretends to retire.



300 DIARY OF London

1 6th February, 1690. The Duchess of Monmouth's
chaplain preached at St. Martin's an excellent discourse
exhorting to peace and sanctity, it being now the time
of very great division and dissension in the nation ; first,
among the Churchmen, of whom the moderate and sober
part were for a speedy reformation of divers things,
which it was thought might be made in our Liturgy,
for the inviting of Dissenters; others more stiff and
rigid, were for no condescension at all. Books and
pamphlets were published every day pro and con; the
Convocation were forced for the present to suspend any
further progress. There was fierce and great carousing
about being elected in the new Parliament. The King
persists in his intention of going in person for Ireland,
whither the French are sending supplies to King James,
and we, the Danish horse to Schomberg.

19th February, 1690. I dined with the Marquis of
Carmarthen (late Lord Danby), where was Lieutenant-
General Douglas, a very considerate and sober comman-
der, going for Ireland. He related to us the exceeding
neglect of the English soldiers, suffering severely for
want of clothes and necessaries this winter, exceedingly
magnifying their courage and bravery during all their
hardships. There dined also Lord Lucas, Lieutenant of
the Tower, and the Bishop of St Asaph. The Privy
Seal was again put in commission, Mr. Cheny (who
married my kinswoman, Mrs. Pierrepoint), Sir Thomas
Knatchbull, and Sir P. W. Pultney. The imprudence of
both sexes was now become so great and universal, per-
sons of all ranks keeping their courtesans publicly, that
the King had lately directed a letter to the Bishops to
order their clergy to preach against that sin, swearing,
etc., and to put the ecclesiastical laws in execution with-
out any indulgence.

25th February 1690. I went to Kensington, which
King William had bought of Lord Nottingham, and al-
tered, but was yet a patched building, but with the gar-
den, however, it is a very sweet villa, having to it the
park and a straight new way through this park.

7th March, 1690. I dined with Mr. Pepys, late Secre.
tary to the Admiralty, where was that excellent ship-
wright and seaman (for so he had been, and also a
Commission of the Navy), Sir Anthony Deane. Among



1690 JOHN EVELYN 301

other discourse, and deploring the sad condition of our
navy, as now governed by inexperienced men since this
Revolution, he mentioned what exceeding advantage we
of this nation had by being the first who built frigates,
the first of which ever built was that vessel which was
afterward called



Online LibraryMichael DraytonUniversal classics library (Volume 10) → online text (page 28 of 34)