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great ships; nothing done at sea, pretending that we
cannot meet the French.

13th September, 1691. A great storm at sea; we lost
the ^Coronation *^ and "Harwich, ^^ above 600 men perishing.

14th October, 1691. A most pleasing autumn. Our
navy come in without having performed anything, yet
there has been great loss of ships by negligence, and
unskillful men governing the fleet and Navy board.

7th November, 1691. I visited the Earl of Dover, who
having made his peace with the King, was now come
home. The relation he gave of the strength of the
French King, and the difficulty of our forcing him to
fight, and any way making impression into France, was
very wide from what we fancied.

8th to 30th November, 1691. An extraordinary dry and
warm season, without frost, and like a new spring; such
as had not been known for many years. Part of the
King's house at Kensington was burned.

6th December, 1691. Discourse of another plot, in which
several great persons were named, but believed to be a

1691-92 JOHN EVELYN 313

sham. — A proposal in the House of Commons that every
officer in the whole nation who received a salary above
;^5oo or otherwise by virtue of his office, should contrib-
ute it wholly to the support of the war with France, and
this upon their oath.

25th December, 1691. My daughter-in-law was brought
to bed of a daughter.

26th December, 1691. An exceedingly dry and calm
winter; no rain for many past months.

28th December, 1691. Dined at Lambeth with the
new Archbishop. Saw the effect of my greenhouse fur-
nace, set up by the Archbishop's son-in-law.

30th December, 1691. I again saw Mr. Charlton's col-
lection of spiders, birds, scorpions, and other serpents,

ist January, 1691-92. This last week died that pious,
admirable Christian, excellent philosopher, and my worthy
friend, Mr. Boyle, aged about 65, — a great loss to all that
knew him, and to the public.

6th January, 1692. At the funeral of Mr. Boyle, at
St. Martin's, Dr. Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury, preached
on Eccles. ii. 26. He concluded with an eulogy due to
the deceased, who made God and religion the scope of
all his excellent talents in the knowledge of nature, and
who had arrived to so high a degree in it, accompanied
with such zeal and extraordinary piety, which he showed
in the whole course of his life, particularly in his ex-
emplary charity on all occasions, — that he gave ^^ 1,000
yearly to the distressed refugees of France and Ireland;
was at the charge of translating the Scriptures into the
Irish and Indian tongues, and was now promoting a
Turkish translation, as he had formerly done of Grotius
^' on the Truth of the Christian Religion ^^ into Arabic,
which he caused to be dispersed in the eastern countries;
that he had settled a fund for preachers who should
preach expressly against Atheists, Libertines, Socinians,
and Jews; that he had in his will given ^^8,000 to char-
itable uses ; but that his private charities were extraordi-
nary. He dilated on his learning in Hebrew and Greek,
his reading of the fathers, and solid knowledge in the-
ology, once deliberating about taking Holy Orders, and
that at the time of restoration of King Charles II., when
he might have made a great figure in the nation as to

314 DIARY OF London

secular honor and titles, his fear of not being able to
discharge so weighty a duty as the first, made him de-
cline that, and his humility the other. He spoke of his
civility to strangers, the great good which he did by his
experience in medicine and chemistry, and to what noble
ends he applied himself to his darling studies ; the works,
both pious and useful, which he published; the exact life
he led, and the happy end he made. Something was
touched of his sister, the Lady Ranelagh, who died but
a few days before him. And truly all this was but his
due, without any grain of flattery.

This week a most execrable murder was committed on
Dr. Clench, father of that extraordinary learned child
whom I have before noticed. Under pretense of carrying
him in a coach to see a patient, they strangled him in it;
and, sending away the coachman under some pretense,
they left his dead body in the coach, and escaped in the
dusk of the evening.

12th January, 1692. My granddaughter was christened
by Dr. Tenison, now Bishop of Lincoln, in Trinity Church,
being the first that was christened there. She was named

24th January, 1692. A frosty and dry season continued;
many persons die of apoplexy, more than usual. Lord
Marlborough, Lieutenant-General of the King's army in
England, gentleman of the bedchamber, etc., dismissed
from all his charges, military and other, for his excessive
taking of bribes, covetousness, and extortion on all occa-
sions from his inferior officers. Note, this was the Lord
who was entirely advanced by King James, and was the
first who betrayed and forsook his master. He was son
of Sir Winston Churchill of the Greencloth.

7th February, 1692. An extraordinary snow fell in most

13th February, 1692. Mr. Boyle having made me one of
the trustees for his charitable bequests, I went to a meet-
ing of the Bishop of Lincoln, Sir Rob. . . . wood, and
Serjeant, Rotheram, to settle that clause in the will which
related to charitable uses, and especially the appointing
and electing a minister to preach one sermon the first
Sunday in the month, during the four summer months,
expressly against Atheists, Deists, Libertines, Jews, etc.,
without descending to any other controversy v/hatever,

1692 JOHN EVELYN 315

for which ^£50 per annum is to be paid quarterly to the
preacher; and, at the end of three years, to proceed to
a new election of some other able divine, or to continue
the same, as the trustees should judge convenient. We
made choice of one Mr. Bentley, chaplain to the Bishop
of Worcester (Dr. Stilling-fleet). The first sermon was
appointed for the first Sunday in March, at St. Martin's;
the second Sunday in April, at Bow Church, and so

28th February, 1692. Lord Marlborough having used
words against the King, and been discharged from all his
great places, his wife was forbidden the Court, and the
Princess of Denmark was desired by the Queen to dismiss
her from her service; but she refusing to do so, goes
away from Court to Sion house. Divers new Lords made :
Sir Henry Capel, Sir William Fermor, etc. Change of
Commissioners in the Treasury. The Parliament ad-
journed, not well satisfied with affairs. The business of
the East India Company, which they would have reformed,
let fall. The Duke of Norfolk does not succeed in his
endeavor to be divorced.*

20th March, 1692. My son was made one of the Com-
missioners of the Revenue and Treasury of Ireland, to
which employment he had a mind, far from my wishes.
I visited the Earl of Peterborough, who showed me
the picture of the Prince of Wales, newly brought out of
France, seeming in my opinion very much to resemble
the Queen his mother, and of a most vivacious countenance.

April, 1692. No spring yet appearing. The Queen
Dowager went out of England toward Portugal, as pre-
tended, against the advice of all her friends.

4th April, 1692. Mr. Bentley preached Mr. Boyle's
lecture at St. Mary-le-Bow. So excellent a discourse
against the Epicurean system is not to be recapitulated
in a few words. He came to me to ask whether I
thought it should be printed, or that there was anything
in it which I desired to be altered. I took this as a
civility, and earnestly desired it should be printed, as
one of the most learned and convincing discourses I had
ever heard.

6th April, 1692 A fast. King James sends a letter
written and directed by his own hand to several of the
* See pos/ pp. 351-52.

3i6 DIARY OF london

Privy Council, and one ' to his daughter, the Queen
Regent, informing them of the Queen being ready to
be brought to bed, and summoning them to be at the
birth by the middle of May, promising as from the
French King, permission to come and return in safety.

24th April, 1692. Mtich apprehension of a French
invasion, and of an universal rising. Our fleet begins to
join with the Dutch. Unkindness between the Queen
and her sister. Very cold and unseasonable weather,
scarce a leaf on the trees.

5th May, 1692. Reports of an invasion were very
hot, and alarmed the city, Court, and people; nothing
but securing suspected persons, sending forces to the
seaside, and hastening out the fleet. Continued dis-
course of the French invasion, and of ours in France.
The eastern wind so constantly blowing, gave our fleet
time to unite, which had been so tardy in preparation,
that, had not God thus wonderfully favored, the enemy
would in all probability have fallen upon us. Many
daily secured, and proclamations out for more con-

8th May, 1692. My kinsman, Sir Edward Evelyn, of
Long Ditton, died suddenly.

12th May, 1692. A fast.

13th May, 1692. I dined at my cousin Cheny's, son to
my Lord Cheny, who married my cousin Pierpoint.

15th May, 1692. My niece, M. Evelyn, was now mar-
ried to Sir Cyril Wyche, Secretary of State for Ireland.
After all our apprehensions of being invaded, and
doubts of our success by sea, it pleased God to give us
a great naval victory, to the utter ruin of the French
fleet, their admiral and all their best men-of-war, trans-
port-ships, etc.

29th May, 1692. Though this day was set apart
expressly for celebrating the memorable birth, return,
and restoration of the late King Charles II., there was
no notice taken of it, nor any part of the office annexed
to the Common Prayer Book made use of, which I
think was ill done, in regard his restoration not only
redeemed us from anarchy and confusion, but restored
the Church of England as it were miraculously.

9th June, 1692. I went to Windsor to carry my grand-
son to Eton School, where I met my Lady Stonehouse

i629 JOHN EVELYN 317

and other of my daughter-in-law's relations, who came on
purpose to see her before her journey into Ireland. We
went to see the castle, which we found furnished and
very neatly kept, as formerly, only that the arms in the
guard chamber and keep were removed and carried away.
An exceeding great storm of wind and rain, in some
places stripping the trees of their fruit and leaves as if
it had been winter; and an extraordinary wet season,
with great floods.

23d July, 1692. I went with my wife, son, and daugh-
ter, to Eton, to see my grandson, and thence to my Lord
Godolphin's, at Cranburn, where we lay, and were most
honorably entertained. The next day to St. George's
Chapel, and returned to London late in the even-

25th July, 1692. To Mr. Hewer's at Clapham, where
he has an excellent, useful, and capacious house on the
Common, built by Sir Den. Gauden, and by him sold to
Mr. Hewer, who got a very considerable estate in the
Navy, in which, from being Mr. Pepys's clerk, he came
to be one of the principal officers, but was put out of all
employment on the Revolution, as were all the best
officers, on suspicion of being no friends to the change;
such were put in their places, as were most shamefully
ignorant and unfit. Mr. Hewer lives very handsomely
and friendly to everybody. Our fleet was now sailing
on their long pretense of a descent on the French coast;
but, after having sailed one hundred leagues, returned,
the admiral and officers disagreeing as to the place where
they were to land, and the time of year being so far
spent, — to the great dishonor of those at the helm, who
concerted their matters so indiscreetly, or, as some
thought, designedly.

This whole summer was exceedingly wet and rainy, the
like had not been known since the year 1648; while in
Ireland they had not known so great a drought.

26th July, 1692. I went to visit the Bishop of Lincoln,
when, among other things, he told me that one Dr.
Chaplin, of University College in Oxford, was the per-
son who wrote the ^' Whole Duty of Man " ; that he used
to read it to his pupil, and communicated it to Dr.
Sterne, afterward Archbishop of York, but would never
suffer any of his pupils to have a copy of it.

3i8 DIARY OF London

9th August, 1692. A fast. Came the sad news of the
hurricane and earthquake, which has destroyed almost
the whole Island of Jamaica, many thousands having

nth August, 1692. My son, his wife, and little daugh-
ter, went for Ireland, there to reside as one of the Com-
missioners of the Revenue.

14th August, 1692. Still an exceedingly wet season.

15th September, 1692. There happened an earthquake,
which, though not so great as to do any harm in Eng-
land, was universal in all these parts of Europe. It
shook the house at Wotton, but was not perceived by any
save a servant or two, who were making my bed, and an-
other in a garret. I and the rest being at dinner below
in the parlor, were not sensible of it. The dreadful one
in Jamaica this summer was profanely and ludicrously
represented in a puppet play, or some such lewd pastime,
in the fair of Southwark, which caused the Queen to put
down that idle and vicious mock show.

I St October, 1692. This season was so exceedingly
cold, by reason of a long and tempestuous northeast wind,
that this usually pleasant month was very uncomfortable.
No fruit ripened kindly. Harbord dies at Belgrade;
Lord Paget sent Ambassador in his room.

6th November, 1692. There was a vestry called about
repairing or new building of the church [at Deptford],
which I thought unseasonable in regard of heavy taxes,
and other improper circumstances, which I there de-

loth November, 1692. A solemn Thanksgiving for our
victory at sea, safe return of the King, etc.

20th November, 1692. Dr. Lancaster, the new Vicar of
St. Martin's, preached.

A signal robbery in Hertfordshire of the tax money
bringing out of the north toward London. They were
set upon by several desperate persons, who dismounted
and stopped all travelers on the road, and guarding them
in a field, when the exploit was done, and the treasure
taken, they killed all the horses of those whom they
stayed, to hinder pursuit, being sixteen horses. They then
dismissed those that they had dismounted.

14th December, 1692. With much reluctance we grati-
fied Sir J. Rotherham, one of Mr. Boyle's trustees, by

1692-93 JOHN EVELYN 319

admitting the Bishop of Bath and Wells to be lecturer
for the next year, instead of Mr. Bentley, who had so
worthily acquitted himself. We intended to take him in
again the next year.

January, 1692-93. Contest in Parliament about a self-
denying Act, that no Parliament man should have any
office; it wanted only two or three voices to have been
carried. The Duke of Norfolk's bill for a divorce thrown
out, he having managed it very indiscreetly. The quar-
rel between Admiral Russell and Lord Nottingham yet

4th February, 1693. After five days' trial and extraor-
dinary contest, the Lord Mohun was acquitted by the
Lords of the murder of Montford, the player, notwith-
standing the judges, from the pregnant witnesses of the
fact, had declared him guilty; but whether in commiser-
ation of his youth, being not eighteen years old, though
exceedingly dissolute, or upon whatever other reason, the
King himself present some part of the trial, and satisfied,
as they report, that he was culpable. 69 acquitted him,
only 14 condemned him.

Unhealed of stories of the universal increase of witches
in New England; men, women, and children, devoting
themselves to the devil, so as to threaten the subversion
of the government.* At the same time there was a con-
spiracy among the negroes in Barbadoes to murder all
their masters, discovered by overhearing a discourse of
two of the slaves, and so preventing the execution of
the design. Hitherto an exceedingly mild winter. France
in the utmost misery and poverty for want of corn and
subsistence, while the ambitious King is intent to pursue
his conquests on the rest of his neighbors both by sea
and land. Our Admiral, Russell, laid aside for not pur-
suing the advantage he had obtained over the French in
the past summer; three others chosen in his place. Dr.
Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury's book burned by the hangman
for an expression of the King's title by conquest, on a

* Some account of these poor people is given in Bray and Manning's
« History of Surrey, » ii. 714, from the papers of the Rev. Mr. Miller,
Vicar of Effingham, in that county, who was chaplain to the King's
forces in the colony from 1692 to 1695. Some of the accused were
convicted and executed; but Sir William Phipps, the Governor, had
the good sense to reprieve, and afterward pardon, several; and the
Queen approved his conduct.

320 DIARY OF london

complaint of Joseph How, a member of Parliament,
little better than a madman.

19th February, 1693. The Bishop of Lincoln preached
in the afternoon at the Tabernacle near Golden Square,
set up by him. Proposals of a marriage between Mr.
Draper and my daughter Susanna. Hitherto an exceed-
ingly warm winter, such as has seldom been known, and
portending an unprosperous spring as to the fruits of
the earth; our climate requires more cold and winterly
weather. The dreadful and astonishing earthquake swal-
lowing up Catania, and other famous and ancient cities,
with more than 100,000 persons in Sicily, on nth Janu-
ary last, came now to be reported among us.

26th February, 1693. An extraordinary deep snow,
after almost no winter, and a sudden gentle thaw. A
deplorable earthquake at Malta, since that of Sicily,
nearly as great.

19th March, 1693. A new Secretary of State, Sir John
Trenchard; the Attorney-General, Somers, made Lord-
Keeper, a young lawyer of extraordinary merit. King
William goes toward Flanders; but returns, the wind
being contrary.

31st March, 1693. I met the King going to Gravesend
to embark in his yacht for Holland.

23d April, 1693. An extraordinary wet spring.

27th April, 1693. My daughter Susanna was married to
William Draper, Esq., in the chapel of Ely House, by
Dr. Tenison, Bishop of Lincoln (since Archbishop). I
gave her in portion ^4,000, her jointure is ;^5oo per
annum. I pray Almighty God to give his blessing to
this marriage! She is a good child, religious, discreet,
ingenious, and qualified with all the ornaments of her
sex. She has a peculiar talent in design, as paint-
ing in oil and miniature, and an extraordinary genius for
whatever hands can do with a needle. She has the
French tongue, has read most of the Greek and Roman
authors and poets, using her talents with great modesty;
exquisitely shaped, and of an agreeable countenance.
This character is due to her, though coming from her
father. Much of this week spent in ceremonies, receiv-
ing visits and entertaining relations, and a great pait of
the next in returning visits.

nth May, 1693. We accompanied my daughter to her

i693 JOHN EVELYN 321

husband's house, where with many of his and our rela-
tions we were magnificently treated. There we left her
in an apartment very richly adorned and furnished, and
I hope in as happy a condition as could be wished, and
with the great satisfaction of all our friends; for which
God be praised!

14th May, 1693. Nothing yet of action from abroad.
Muttering of a design to bring forces under color of an
expected descent, to be a standing army for other pur-
poses. Talk of a declaration of the French King, offering
mighty advantages to the confederates, exclusive of King
William; and another of King James, with an universal
pardon, and referring the composing of all differences to
a Parliament. These were yet but discourses; but some-
thing is certainly under it. A declaration or manifesto
from King James, so written, that many thought it rea-
sonable, and much more to the purpose than any of his

June, 1693, Whitsunday. I went to my Lord Griffith's
chapel; the common church office was used for the King
without naming the person, with some other, apposite to
the necessity and circumstances of the time.

nth June, 1693. I dined at Sir William Godolphin's;
and, after evening prayer, visited the Duchess of Grafton.

2ist June, 1693. I saw a great auction of pictures in
the Banqueting house, Whitehall. They had been my
Lord Melford's, now Ambassador from King James at
Rome, and engaged to his creditors here. Lord Mulgrave
and Sir Edward Seymour came to my house, and desired
me to go with them to the sale. Divers more of the
great lords, etc., were there, and bought pictures dear
enough. There were some very excellent of Vandyke,
Rubens, and Bassan. Lord Godolphin bought the pic-
ture of the Boys, by Murillo the Spaniard, for 80 guineas,
dear enough; my nephew Glanville, the old Earl of
Arundel's head by Rubens, for ;!^2o. Growing late, I did
not stay till all were sold.

24th June, 1693. A very wet hay harvest, and little
summer as yet.

9th July, 1693. Mr. Tippin, successor of Dr. Parr at
Camberwell, preached an excellent sermon.

13th July, 1693. I saw the Queen's rare cabinets and
collection of china; which was wonderfully rich and plenti-


ful, but especially a large cabinet, looking-glass frame
and stands, all of amber, much of it white, with his-
torical bas-reliefs and statues, with medals carved in
them, esteemed worth ;^4,ooo, sent by the Duke of Bran-
denburgh, whose country, Prussia, abounds with amber,
cast up by the sea; divers other China and Indian cab-
inets, screens, and hangings. In her library were many
books in English, French, and Dutch, of all sorts; a cup-
board of gold plate; a cabinet of silver filagree, which I
think was our Queen Mary's, and which, in my opinion,
should have been generously sent to her.

1 8th July, 1693. I dined with Lord Mulgrave, with
the Earl of Devonshire, Mr. Hampden (a scholar and
fine gentleman), Dr. Davenant, Sir Henry Vane, and
others, and saw and admired the Venus of Correggio,
which Lord Mulgrave had newly bought of Mr. Daun
for ^ze^o; one of the best paintings I ever saw.

ist August, 1693. Lord Capel, Sir Cyril Wyche, and
Mr. Duncomb, made Lord Justices in Ireland; Lord
Sydney recalled, and made Master of the Ordnance.

6th August, 1693. Very lovely harvest weather, and a
wholesome season, but no garden fruit.

31st October, 1693. A verj'- wet and uncomfortable

12th November, 1693. Lord Nottingham resigned as
Secretary of State; the Commissioners of the Admiralty
ousted, and Russell restored to his office. The season
continued very wet, as it had nearly all the summer, if
one might call it summer, in which there was no fruit,
but com was very plentiful.

14th November, 1693. In the lottery set up after the
Venetian manner by Mr. Neale, Sir R. Haddock, one of
the Commissioners of the Navy, had the greatest lot,
_;^3,ooo; my coachman j£4o.

17th November, 1693. Was the funeral of Captain
Young, who died of the stone and great age. I think he
was the first who in the first war with Cromwell against
Spain, took the Governor of Havanna, and another rich
prize, and struck the first stroke against the Dutch fleet
in the first war with Holland in the time of the Rebellion ;
a sober man and an excellent seaman.

30th November, 1693. Much importuned to take the
office of ,^ President of the Royal Society, but I again

1693-94 JOHN EVELYN 323

declined it. Sir Robert Southwell was continued. We all
dined at Pontac's as usual.

3d December, 1693. Mr. Bentley preached at the Tab-
ernacle, near Golden Square. I gave my voice for him
to proceed on his former subject the following year in
Mr. Boyle's lecture, in which he had been interrupted by
the importunity of Sir J. Rotheram that the Bishop of
Chichester* might b'fe chosen the year before, to the great
dissatisfaction of the Bishop of Lincoln and myself. We
chose Mr. Bentley again. The Duchess of Grafton's ap-
peal to the House of Lords for the Prothonotary's place
given to the late Duke and to her son by King Charles
IL, now challenged by the Lord Chief Justice. The
judges were severely reproved on something they said.

loth December, 1693. A very great storm of thunder
and lightning.

ist January, 1693-94. Prince Lewis of Baden came to
London, and was much feasted. Danish ships arrested
carrying corn and naval stores to France.

nth January, 1694. Supped at Mr. Edward Sheldon's,
where was Mr. Dryden, the poet, who now intended to
write no more plays, being intent on his translation of
Virgil. He read to us his prologue and epilogue to his
valedictory play now shortly to be acted.

2ist January, 1694. Lord Macclesfield, Lord Warrington,
and Lord Westmorland, all died within about one week.

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