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Several persons shot, hanged, and made away with
themselves.

nth February, 1694. Now was the great trial of the
appeal of Lord Bath and Lord Montagu before the Lords,
for the estate of the late Duke of Albemarle.

loth March, 1694. Mr. Stringfellow preached at Trin-
ity parish, being restored to that place, after the con-
test between the Queen and the Bishop of London who
had displaced him.

2 2d March, 1694. Came the dismal news of the disas-
ter befallen our Turkey fleet by tempest, to the almost utter
ruin of that trade, the convoy of three or four men-of-war,
and divers merchant ships, with all their men and lading,
having perished.

25th March, 1694. Mr. Goode, minister of St. Mar-
tin's, preached; he was likewise put in by the Queen,

*A mistake for Bath and Wells. Bishop Kidder is referred to.



324 DIARY OF LONDON

on the issue of her process with the Bishop of Lon-
don.

30th March, 1694. I went to the Duke of Norfolk, to de-
sire him to make cousin Evelyn of Nutfield one of the Dep-
uty-Lieutenants of Surrey, and entreat him to dismiss my
brother, now unable to serve by reason of age and infirm-
ity. The Duke granted the one, but would not suffer my
brother to resign his commission, desiring he should keep
the honor of it during his life, though he could not act.
He professed great kindness to our family.

ist April, 1694. Dr. Sharp, Archbishop of York,
preached in the afternoon at the Tabernacle, by Soho.

13th April, 1694. Mr. Bentley, our Boyle Lecturer, Chap-
lain to the Bishop of Worcester, came to see me.

15th April, 1694. One Mr. Stanhope preached a most
excellent sermon.

2 2d April, 1694. A fiery exhalation rising out of the sea,
spread itself in Montgomeryshire a furlong broad, and
many miles in length, burning all straw, hay, thatch, and
grass, but doing no harm to trees, timber, or any solid
things, only firing barns, or thatched houses. It left such
a taint on the grass as to kill all the cattle that eat of
it. I saw the attestations in the hands of the sufferers.
It lasted many months. *^ The Berkeley Castle ^^ sunk by
the French coming from the East Indies, worth ^200,000.
The French took our castle of Gamboo in Guinea, so that
the Africa Actions fell to ^30, and the India to ;!^8o.
Some regiments of Highland Dragoons were on their
march through England; they were of large stature, well
appointed and disciplined. One of them having reproached
a Dutchman for cowardice in our late fight, was attacked
by two Dutchmen, when with his sword he struck off the
head of one, and cleft the skull of the other down to his
chin.

A very young gentleman named Wilson, the younger
son of one who had not above ;z^2oo a year estate, lived
in the garb and equipage of the richest nobleman, for
house, furniture, coaches, saddle horses, and kept a table,
and all things accordingly, redeemed his father's estate,
and gave portions to his sisters, being challenged by one
Laws, a Scotchman, was killed in a duel, not fairly. The
quarrel arose from his taking away his own sister from
lodging in a house where this Laws had a mistress, which



i694 JOHN EVELYN 325

the mistress of the house thinking a disparagement to it,
and losing by it, instigated Laws to this duel. He was
taken and condemned for murder. The mystery is how
this so young a gentleman, very sober and of good fame,
could live in such an expensive manner; it could not be
discovered by all possible industry, or entreaty of his
friends to make him reveal it. It did not appear that he
was kept by women, play, coining, padding, or dealing in
chemistry ; but he would sometimes say that if he should live
ever so long, he had wherewith to maintain himself in
the same manner. He was very civil and well-natured,
but of no great force of understanding. This was a sub-
ject of much discourse.

24th April, 1694. I went to visit Mr. Waller, an ex-
traordinary young gentleman of great accomplishments,
skilled in mathematics, anatomy, music, painting both in
oil and miniature to great perfection, an excellent bota-
nist, a rare engraver on brass, writer in Latin, and a poet ;
and with all this exceedingly modest. His house is an
academy of itself. I carried him to see Brompton Park
[by Knightsbridge], where he was in admiration at the
store of rare plants, and the method he found in that
noble nursery, and how well it was cultivated. A public
Bank of ^140,000, set up by Act of Parliament among
other Acts, and Lotteries for money to carry on the war.
The whole month of April without rain. A great rising
of people in Buckinghamshire, on the declaration of a
famous preacher, till now reputed a sober and religious
man, that our Lord Christ appearing to him on the i6th
of this month, told him he was now come down, and
would appear publicly at Pentecost, and gather all the
saints, Jews and Gentiles, and lead them to Jerusalem,
and begin the Millennium, and destroying and judging
the wicked, deliver the government of the world to the
saints. Great multitudes followed this preacher, divers
of the most zealous brought their goods and considerable
sums of money, and began to live in imitation of the primi-
tive saints, minding no private concerns, continually danc-
ing and singing Hallelujah night and day. This brings
to mind what I lately happened to find in Alstedius, that
the thousand years should begin this very year 1694; it
is in his " Encyclopaedia Biblica. ** My copy of the book
printed near sixty years ago.



326 DIARY OF wotton

4th May, 1694. I went this day with my wife and
four servants from Sayes Court, removing much furniture
of all sorts, books, pictures, hangings, bedding, etc., to
furnish the apartment my brother assigned me, and now,
after more than forty years, to spend the rest of my days
with him at Wotton, where I was born; leaving my
house at Deptford full furnished, and three servants, to
my son-in-law Draper, to pass the summer in, and
such longer time as he should think fit to make use
of it.

6th May, 1694. This being the first Sunday in the
month, the blessed sacrament of the Lord's Supper
ought to have been celebrated at Wotton church, but in
this parish it is exceedingly neglected, so that, unless at
the four great feasts, there is no communion hereabouts ;
which is a great fault both in ministers and people, I
have spoken to my brother, who is the patron, to discourse
the minister about it. Scarcely one shower has fallen
since the beginning of April.

30th May, 1694. This week we had news of my Lord
Tiviot having cut his own throat, through what discon-
tent not yet said. He had been, not many years past,
my colleague in the commission of the Privy Seal, in
old acquaintance, very soberly and religiously inclined.
Lord, what are we without thy continual grace!

Lord Falkland, grandson to the learned Lord Falk-
land, Secretary of State to King Charles L, and slain in
his service, died now of the smallpox. He was a pretty,
brisk, understanding, industrious young gentleman; had
formerly been faulty, but now much reclaimed; had
also the good luck to marry a very great fortune, be-
sides being entitled to a vast sum, his share of the Spanish
wreck, taken up at the expense of divers adventurers.
From a Scotch Viscount he was made an English Baron,
designed Ambassador for Holland ; had been Treasurer of
the Navy, and advancing extremely in the new Court.
All now gone in a moment, and I think the title
is extinct. I know not whether the estate devolves to
my cousin Carew. It was at my Lord Falkland's, whose
lady importuned us to let our daughter be with her some
time, so that that dear child took the same infection,
which cost her valuable life.

3d June, 1694. Mr. Edwards, minister of Denton, in



i694 JOHN EVELYN 327

Sussex, a living in my brother's gift, came to see him.
He had suffered much by a fire. Seasonable showers.
14th June, 1694. The public fast. Mr. Wotton, that
extraordinary learned young man, preached excellently,
ist July, 1694. Mr. Duncomb, minister of Albury,
preached at Wotton, a very religious and exact dis-
course.

The first great bank for a fund of money being now
established by Act of Parliament, was filled and com-
pleted to the sum of ^120,000, and put under the
government of the most able and wealthy citizens of Lon-
don. All who adventured any sum had four per cent.,
so long as it lay in the bank, and had power either to
take it out at pleasure, or transfer it. Glorious steady
weather; corn and all fruits in extraordinary plenty gen-
erally,

13th July, 1694. Lord Berkeley burnt Dieppe and
Havre de Grace with bombs, in revenge for the defeat at
Brest. This manner of destructive war was begun by
the French, is exceedingly ruinous, especially falling on
the poorer people, and does not seem to tend to make a
more speedy end of the war; but rather to exasperate
and incite to revenge. Many executed at London for
clipping money, now done to that intolerable extent, that
there was hardly any money that was worth above half
the nominal value.

4th August, 1694. I went to visit my cousin, George
Evelyn of Nuffield, where I found a family of ten chil-
dren, five sons and five daughters — all beautiful women
grown, and extremely well-fashioned. All painted in one
piece, very well, by Mr. Lutterell, in crayon on copper,
and seeming to be as finely painted as the best minia-
ture. They are the children of two extraordinary beau-
tiful wives. The boys were at school.

5th August, 1694. Stormy and unseasonable wet
weather this week.

5th October, 1694. I went to St. Paul's to see the
choir, now finished as to the stone work, and the scaffold
struck both without and within, in that part. Some ex-
ceptions might perhaps be taken as to the placing col-
umns on pilasters at the east tribunal. As to the rest
it is a piece of architecture without reproach. The pull-
ing out the forms, like drawers, from under the stalls, is



328 DIARY OF London

ingenious. I went also to see the building beginning
near St. Giles's, where seven streets make a star from a
Doric pillar placed in the middle of a circular area; said
to be built by Mr. Neale, introducer of the late lotteries,
in imitation of those at Venice, now set up here, for
himself twice, and now one for the State.

28th October, 1694. Mr. Stringfellow preached at Trinity
church.

2 2d November, 1694. Visited the Bishop of Lincoln
[Tenison] newly come on the death of the Archbishop of
Canterbury, who a few daj's before had a paralytic
stroke, — the same day and month that Archbishop San-
croft was put out. A very sickly time, especially the
smallpox, of which divers considerable persons died.
The State lottery* drawing, Mr. Cock, a French refu-
gee, and a President in the Parliament of Paris for the
Reformed, drew a lot of _;^ 1,000 per annum.

29th November, 1694. I visited the Marquis of Nor-
manby, and had much discourse concerning King Charles
II. being poisoned. Also concerning the quinquina which
the physicians would not give to the King, at a time
when, in a dangerous ague, it was the only thing that
could cure him (out of envy because it had been brought
into vogue by Mr. Tudor, an apothecary), till Dr. Short,
to whom the King sent to know his opinion of it privately,
he being reputed a Papist ( but who was in truth a very
honest, good Christian), sent word to the King that
it was the only thing which could save his life, and then
the King enjoined his physicians to give it to him, which
they did and he recovered. Being asked by this Lord
why they would not prescribe it, Dr. Lower said it
would spoil their practice, or some such expression, and
at last confessed it was a remedy fit only for kings.
Exception was taken that the late Archbishop did not
cause any of his Chaplains to use any office for the sick
during his illness.

9th December, 1694. I had news that my dear and
worthy friend, Dr. Tenison, Bishop of Lincoln, was made
Archbishop of Canterbury, for which I thank God and
rejoice, he being most worthy of it, for his learning,
piety, and prudence.

13th December, 1694. I went to London to congratu-

* State lotteries finally closed October 18, 1826.



i695 JOHN EVELYN 329

late him. He being my proxy, gave my vote for Dr.
Williams, to succeed Mr. Bentley in Mr. Boyle's lectures.

29th December, 1694. The smallpox increased exceed-
ingly, and was very mortal. The Queen died of it on
the 28th,

13th January, 1694-95. The Thames was frozen over.
The deaths by smallpox increased to five hundred more
than in the preceding week. The King and Princess
Anne reconciled, and she was invited to keep her Court
at Whitehall, having hitherto lived privately at Berkeley
House; she was desired to take into her family divers
servants of the late Queen; to maintain them the King
has assigned her ;^5,ooo a quarter.

20th January, 1695. The frost and continual snow have
now lasted five weeks.

February, 1695. Lord Spencer married the Duke of
Newcastle's daughter, and our neighbor, Mr. Hussey,
married a daughter of my cousin, George Evelyn, of
Nutfield.

3d February, 1695. The long frost intermitted, but not
gone.

17th February, 1695. Called to London by Lord Godol-
phin, one of the Lords of the Treasury, offering me the
treasurership of the hospital designed to be built at
Greenwich for worn-out seamen.

24th February, 1695. I saw the Queen lie in state.

27th February, 1695. The Marquis of Normanby told
me King Charles had a design to buy all King Street,
and build it nobly, it being the street leading to West-
minster. This might have been done for the expense of
the Queen's funeral, which was ;^So,ooo, against her
desire.

5th March, 1695. I went to see the ceremony. Never
was so universal a mourning; all the Parliament men had
cloaks given them, and four hundred poor women; all
the streets hung and the middle of the street boarded
and covered with black cloth. There were all the nobility,
mayor, aldermen, judges, etc.

8th March, 1695. I supped at the Bishop of Lichfield
and Coventry's, who related to me the pious behavior of
the Queen in all her sickness, which was admirable. She
never inquired of what opinion persons were, who were
objects of charity; that, on opening a cabinet, a paper



330 DIARY OF . London

was found wherein she had desired that her body might
not be opened, or any extraordinary expense at her fun-
eral, whenever she should die. This paper was not found
in time to be observed. There were other excellent
thing's under her own hand, to the very least of her
debts, which were very small, and everything in that
exact method, as seldom is found in any private per-
son. In sum, she was such an admirable woman, abat-
ing for taking the Crown without a more due apology,
as does, if possible, outdo the renowned Queen Eliza-
beth.

loth March, 1695. ^ dined at the Earl of Sunder-
land's with Lord Spencer. My Lord showed me his
library, now again improved by many books bought at
the sale of Sir Charles Scarboroiigh, an eminent physi-
cian, which was the very best collection, especially of
mathematical books, that was I believe in Europe, once
designed for the King's Library at St. James's; but the
Queen dying, who was the great patroness of that
design, it was let fall, and the books were miserably
dissipated.

The new edition of Camden's ** Britannia ^' was now pub-
lished (by Bishop Gibson), with great additions; those to
Surrey were mine, so that I had one presented to me.
Dr. Gale showed me a MS. of some parts of the New
Testament in vulgar Latin, that had belonged to a mon-
astery in the North of Scotland, which he esteemed to
be about eight hundred years old; there were some con-
siderable various readings observable, as in John i., and
genealogy of St. Luke.

24th March, 1695. Easter Day. Mr. Duncomb, par-
son of this parish, preached, which he hardly comes to
above once a year though but seven or eight miles
off; a florid discourse, read out of his notes. The
Holy Sacrament followed, which he administered with
very little reverence, leaving out many prayers and
exhortations; nor was there any oblation. This ought
to be reformed, but my good brother did not well con-
sider when he gave away this living and the next [Abin-

March, 1695. The latter end of the month sharp and
severely cold, with much snow and hard frost ; no appear-
ance of spring.



i695 JOHN EVELYN 33i

31st March, 1695. Mr. Lucas preached in the afternoon

at Wotton.

7th April, 1695. Lord Halifax died suddenly at Lon-
don the day his daughter was married to the Earl of
Nottingham's son at Burleigh. Lord H. was a very rich
man, very witty, and in his younger days somewhat posi-
tive.

14th April, 1695. After a most severe, cold, and snowy
winter, without almost any shower for many months, the
wind continuing N. and E. and not a leaf appearing; the
weather and wind now changed, some showers fell, and
there was a remission of cold.

2ist April, 1695. The spring begins to appear, yet the
trees hardly leafed. Sir T. Cooke discovers what pro-
digious bribes have been given by some of the East India
Company out of the stock, which makes a great clamor.
Never were so many private bills passed for unsettling
estates, showing the wonderful prodigality and decay of

families.

5th May, 1695. I came to Deptford from Wotton, m
order to the first meeting of the Commissioners for en-
dowing an hospital for seamen at Greenwich; it was at
the Guildhall, London. Present, the Archbishop of
Canterbury, Lord Keeper, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Godol-
phin, Duke of Shrewsbury, Duke of Leeds, Earls of
Dorset and Monmouth, Commissioners of the Admiralty
and Navy, Sir Robert Clayton, Sir Christopher Wren,
and several more. The Commission was read by Mr.
Lowndes, Secretary to the Lords of the Treasury, Sur-
veyor-General.

17th May, 1695. Second meeting of the Commission-
ers, and a committee appointed to go to Greenwich to
survey the place, I being one of them.

2 1 St May, 1695. We went to survey Greenwich, Sir
Robert Clayton, Sir Christopher Wren, Mr. Travers, the
King's Surveyor, Captain Sanders, and myself.

24th May, 1695. We made report of the state of
Greenwich house, and how the standing part might be made
serviceable at present for ^6,000, and what ground would
be requisite for the whole design. My Lord Keeper or-
dered me to prepare a book for subscriptions, and a
preamble to it.

31st May, 1695. Met again. Mr. Vanbrugh was made



332 DIARY OF wotton

secretary to the commission, by my nomination of him
to the Lords, which was all done that day.

7th June, 1695. The commissioners met at Guildhall,
■when there were scruples and contests of the Lord Mayor,
who would not meet, not being named as one of the
quorum, so that a new commission was required, though
the Lord Keeper and the rest thought it too nice a
punctilio.

14th May, 1695. Met at Guildhall, but could do noth-
ing for want of a quorum.

5th July, 1695. At Guildhall; account of subscriptions,
about ;^7,ooo or ^8,000.

6th July, 1695. I dined at Lambeth, making my first
visit to the Archbishop, where there was much company,
and great cheer. After prayers in the evening, my Lord
made me stay to show me his house, furniture, and gar-
den, which were all very fine, and far beyond the usual
Archbishops, not as affected by this, but being bought
ready furnished by his predecessor. We discoursed of
several public matters, particularly of the Princess of
Denmark, who made so little figure.

nth July, 1695. Met at Guildhall: not a full commit-
tee, so nothing done.

14th July, 1695. No sermon at church; but, after
prayers, the names of all the parishioners were read, in
order to gathering the tax of 4s. for marriages, burials,
etc. A very imprudent tax, especially this reading the
names, so that most went out of the church.

19th July, 1695. I dined at Sir Purbeck Temple's, near
Croydon; his lady is aunt to my son-in-law. Draper; the
house exactly furnished. Went thence with my son and
daughter to Wotton. At Wotton, Mr. Duncomb, parson
of Albury, preached excellently.

28th July, 1695. A very wet season.

nth August, 1695. The weather now so cold, that
greater frosts were not always seen in the midst of
winter; this succeeded much wet, and set harvest ex-
tremely back.

25th September, 1695. Mr. Offley preached at Abinger;
too much controversy on a point of no consequence, for
the country people here. This was the first time I had
heard him preach. Bombarding of Cadiz; a cruel and
brutish way of making war, first began by the French.



i695 JOHN EVELYN 333

The season wet, great storms, unseasonable harvest
weather. My good and worthy friend, Captain Gifford,
who that he might get some competence to live decently,
adventured all he had in a voyage of two years to the
East Indies, was, with another great ship, taken by some
French men-of-war, almost within sight of England, to the
loss of near ^^70,000, to my great sorrow, and pity of his
wife, he being also a valiant and industrious man. The
losses of this sort to the nation have been immense, and
all through negligence, and little care to secure the same
near our own coasts; of infinitely more concern to the
public than spending their time in bombarding and
ruining two or three paltry towns, v/ithout any benefit,
or weakening our enemies, who, though they began, ought
not to be imitated in an action totally averse to humanity,
or Christianity.

29th September, 1695. Very cold weather. Sir Purbeck
Temple, uncle to my son Draper, died suddenly. A great
funeral at Addiscombe. His lady being own aunt to my
son Draper, he hopes for a good fortune, there being no
heir. There had been a new meeting of the commission-
ers about Greenwich hospital, on the new commission,
where the Lord Mayor, etc. appeared, but I was prevented
by indisposition from attending. The weather very sharp,
winter approaching apace. The King went a progress into
the north, to show himself to the people against the
elections, and was everywhere complimented, except at
Oxford, where it was not as he expected, so that he
hardly stopped an hour there, and having seen the
theater, did not receive the banquet proposed. I dined
with Dr. Gale at St. Paul's school, who showed me many
curious passages out of some ancient Platonists' MSS.
concerning the Trinity, which this great and learned
person would publish, with many other rare things, if he
was encouraged, and eased of the burden of teaching.

25th October, 1695. The Archbishop and myself went
to Hammersmith, to visit Sir Samuel Morland, who was
entirely blind; a very mortifying sight. He showed us
his invention of writing, which was very ingenious; also
his wooden calendar, which instructed him all by feeling;
and other pretty and useful inventions of mills, pumps,
etc., and the pump he had erected that serves water to
his garden, and to passengers, with an inscription, and



334 DIARY OF London

brings from a filthy part of the Thames near it a most
perfect and pure water. He had newly buried JQ200
worth of music books six feet under ground, being, as
he said, love songs and vanity. He plays himself psalms
and religious hymns on the theorbo. Very mild weather
the whole of October.

loth November, 1695. Mr. Stanhope, Vicar of Lewis-
ham, preached at Whitehall. He is one of the most ac-
complished preachers I ever heard, for matter, eloquence,
action, voice, and I am told, of excellent conversation.

13th November, 1695. Famous fireworks and very
chargeable, the King being returned from his progress.
He stayed seven or eight days at Lord Sunderland's at
Althorpe, where he was mightily entertained. These fire-
works were shown before Lord Romney, master of the
ordnance, in St. James's great square, where the King
stood.

17th November, 1695. I spoke to the Archbishop of
Canterbury to interest himself for restoring a room be-
longing to St. James's library, where the books want
place.

2ist November, 1695. I went to see Mr. Churchill's
collection of rarities.

23d November, 1695. To Lambeth, to get Mr. Wil-
liams continued in Boyle's lectures another year. Among
others who dined there was Dr. Covel, the great Oriental
traveler.

ist December, 1695. I dined at Lord Sunderland's,
now the great favorite and underhand politician, but not
adventuring on any character, being obnoxious to the
people for having twice changed his religion.

23d December, 1695. The Parliament wondrously in-
tent on ways to reform the coin ; setting out a Proclama-
tion prohibiting the currency of half-crowns, etc., which
made much confusion among the people.



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