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25th December, 1695. Hitherto mild, dark, misty,
weather. Now snow and frost.

12th January, 1695-96. Great confusion and distraction
by reason of the clipped money, and the difficulty found
in reforming it.

2d February, 1696. An extraordinary wet season, though
temperate as to cold. The ** Royal Sovereign *^ man-
of-war burned at Chatham. It was built in 1637, and hav-

1695-96 JOHN EVELYN 335

ing given occasion to the levy of ship money was perhaps
the cause of all the after troubles to this day. An earth-
quake in Dorsetshire by Portland, or rather a sinking of
the ground suddenly for a large space, near the quarries
of stone, hindering the conveyance of that material for
the finishing St. Paul's.

23d February, 1696. They now began to coin new

26th February, 1696. There was now a conspiracy of
about thirty knights, gentlemen, captains, many of them
Irish and English Papists, and Nonjurors or Jacobites (so
called), to murder King William on the first opportunity
of his going either from Kensington, or to hunting, or
to the chapel; and upon signal of fire to be given from
Dover Cliff to Calais, an invasion was designed. In
order to it there was a great army in readiness, men-of-
war and transports, to join a general insurrection here,
the Duke of Berwick having secretly come to London to
head them, King James attending at Calais with the
French army. It was discovered by some of their own
party. ;!^ 1,000 reward was offered to whoever could ap-
prehend any of the thirty named. Most of those who
were engaged in it, were taken and secured. The Parlia-
ment, city, and all the nation, congratulate the discov-
ery; and votes and resolutions were passed that, if King
William should ever be assassinated, it should be revenged
on the Papists and party through the nation; an Act of
Association drawing up to empower the Parliament to
sit on any such accident, till the Crown should be dis-
posed of according to the late settlement at the Revolu-
tion. All Papists, in the meantime, to be banished ten
miles from London. This put the nation into an incred-
ible disturbance and general animosity against the French
King and King James. The militia of the nation was
raised, several regiments were sent for out of Flanders,
and all things put in a posture to encounter a descent.
This was so timed by the enemy, that while we were
already much discontented by the greatness of the taxes,
and corruption of the money, etc., we had like to have
had very few men-of-war near our coasts; but so it
pleased God that Admiral Rooke wanting a wind to pur-
sue his voyage to the vStraits, that squadron, with others
at Portsmouth and other places, were still in the Channel,

336 DIARY OF London

and were soon brought up to join with the rest of the
ships which could be got together, so that there is hope
this plot may be broken. I look on it as a very great
deliverance and prevention by the providence of God.
Though many did formerly pity King James's condition,
this design of assassination and bringing over a French
army, alienated many of his friends, and was likely to
produce a more perfect establishment of King William.

ist March, 1696. The wind continuing N. and E, all
this week, brought so many of our men-of-war together
that, though most of the French finding their design de-
tected and prevented, made a shift to get into Calais and
Dunkirk roads, we wanting fire-ships and bombs to dis-
turb them ; yet they were so engaged among the sands
and flats, that 'tis said they cut their masts and flung
their great guns overboard to lighten their vessels. We
are yet upon them. This deliverance is due solely to
God. French were to have invaded at once England,
Scotland, and Ireland.

8th March, 1696. Divers of the conspirators tried and

Vesuvius breaking out, terrified Naples. Three of the
unhappy wretches, whereof one was a priest, were exe-
cuted* for intending to assassinate the King; they ac-
knowledged their intention, but acquitted King James
of inciting them to it, and died very penitent. Di-
vers more in danger, and some very considerable per-

Great frost and cold.

6th April, 1696. I visited Mr. Graham in the Fleet.

loth April, 1696. The quarters of Sir William Perkins
and Sir John Friend, lately executed on the plot, with
Perkins's head, were set up at Temple Bar, a dismal
sight, which many pitied. I think there never was such at
Temple Bar till now, except once in the time of King
Charles II., namely, of Sir Thomas Armstrong. f

12th April, 1696, A very fine spring season.

19th April, 1696. Great offense taken at the three min-
isters who absolved Sir William Perkins and Friend at
Tyburn. One of them (Snatt) was a son of my old school-

* Robert Charnock, Edward King, and Thomas Keys.
fHe was concerned in the Rye-House plot, fled into Holland, was
given up, and executed in his own country, 1684. See p. 198.

1696 JOHN EVELYN 337

master. This produced much altercation as to the ca-
nonicalness of the action.

2ist April, 1696. We had a meeting at Guildhall of the
grand committee about settling the draught of Green-
wich hospital.

23d April, 1696. I went to Eton, and dined with Dr.
Godolphin, the provost. The schoolmaster assured me
there had not been for twenty years a more pregnant
youth in that place than my grandson. I went to see the
King's House at Kensington. It is very noble, though
not great. The gallery furnished with the best pictures
[from] all the houses, of Titian, Raphael, Correggio, Hol-
bein, Julio Romano, Bassan, Vandyke, Tintoretto, and
others ; a great collection of porcelain ; and a pretty pri-
vate library. The gardens about it very delicious.

26th April, 1696. Dr. Sharp preached at the Temple.
His prayer before the sermon was one of the most ex-
cellent compositions I ever heard.

28th April, 1696. The Venetian Ambassador made a
stately entry with fifty footmen, many on horseback, four
rich coaches, and a numerous train of gallants. More
executions this week of the assassins. Gates dedicated a
most villainous, reviling book against King James, which
he presumed to present to King William, who could not
but abhor it, speaking so infamously and untruly of his
late beloved Queen's own father.

2d May, 1696. I dined at Lambeth, being summoned
to meet my co-trustees, the Archbishop, Sir Henry As-
hurst, and Mr. Serjeant Rotheram, to consult about
settling Mr Boyle's lecture for a perpetuity; which we
concluded upon, by buying a rent charge of ;^5o per
annum, with the stock in our hands.

6th May, 1696. I went to Lambeth, to meet at din-
ner the Countess of Sunderland and divers ladies. We
dined in the Archbishop's wife's apartment with his
Grace, and stayed late; yet I returned to Deptford at

13th May, 1696. I went to London to meet my son,
newly come from Ireland, indisposed. Money still con-
tinuing exceedingly scarce, so that none was paid or
received, but all was on trust, the mint not supplying
for common necessities. The Association with an oath
required of all lawyers and officers, on pain of proemunire^

338 DIARY OF deptford

whereby men were obliged to renounce King James as
no rightful king, and to revenge King William's death,
if happening by assassination. This to be taken by all the
Counsel by a day limited, so that the Courts of Chan-
cery and King's Bench hardly heard any cause in Easter
Term, so many crowded to take the oath. This was
censured as a very entangling contrivance of the Parlia-
ment in expectation, that many in high office would lay
down, and others surrender. Many gentlemen taken up
on suspicion of the late plot, were now discharged out
of prison.

29th May, 1696. We settled divers offices, and other
matters relating to workmen, for the beginning of Green-
wich hospital.

ist June, 1696. I went to Deptford to dispose of our
goods, in order to letting the house for three years to
Vice Admiral Benbow, with condition to keep up the
garden. This was done soon after.

4th June, 1696. A committee met at Whitehall about
Greenwich Hospital, at Sir Christopher Wren's, his Maj-
esty's Surveyor-General. We made the first agreement
with divers workmen and for materials; and gave the
first order for proceeding on the foundation, and for
weekly payments to the workmen, and a general account
to be monthly.

nth June, 1696. Dined at Lord Pembroke's, Lord
Privy Seal, a very worthy gentleman. He showed me
divers rare pictures of very many of the old and best
masters, especially one of M. Angelo of a man gather-
ing fruit to give to a woman, and a large book of the
best drawings of the old masters. Sir John Fenwick,
one of the conspirators, was taken. Great subscriptions
in Scotland to their East India Company. Want of cur-
rent money to carry on the smallest concerns, even for
daily provisions in the markets. Guineas lowered to
twenty-two shillings, and great sums daily transported
to Holland, where it yields more, with other treasure
sent to pay the armies, and nothing considerable coined
of the new and now only current stamp, cause such a scarcity
that tumults are every day feared, nobody paying or re-
ceiving money; so imprudent was the late Parliament to
condemn the old though clipped and corrupted, till they
had provided supplies. To this add the fraud of the

1696 JOHN EVELYN 339

bankers and goldsmiths, who having gotten immense
riches by extortion, keep up their treasure in expecta-
tion of enhancing its value. Buncombe, not long since
a mean goldsmith, having made a purchase of the late
Duke of Buckingham's estate at nearly ;!^9o,ooo, and re-
puted to have nearly as much in cash. Banks and lotteries
every day set up.

1 8th June, 1696. The famous trial between my Lord
Bath and Lord Montague for an estate of ;^ 11,000 a
year, left by the Duke of Albemarle, wherein on several
trials had been spent ^^20,000 between them. The Earl
of Bath was cast on evident forgery.

20th June, 1696. I made my Lord Cheney a visit at
Chelsea, and saw those ingenious waterworks invented
by Mr. Winstanley, wherein were some things very sur-
prising and extraordinary.

2ist June, 1696. An exceedingly rainy, cold, unseason-
able summer, yet the city was very healthy.

25th June, 1696. A trial in the Common Pleas between
the Lady Purbeck Temple and Mr. Temple, a nephew of
Sir Purbeck, concerning a deed set up to take place of
several wills. This deed was proved to be forged. The
cause went on my lady's side. This concerning my son-
in-law, Draper, I stayed almost all day at Court. A great
supper was given to the jury, being persons of the best
condition in Buckinghamshire.

30th June, 1696. I went with a select committee of
the Commissioners for Greenwich Hospital, and with Sir
Christopher Wren, where with him I laid the first stone
of the intended foundation, precisely at five o'clock in
the evening, after we had dined together. Mr. Flam-
stead, the King's Astronomical Professor, observing the
punctual time by instruments.

4th July, 1696. Note that my Lord Godolphin was the
first of the subscribers who paid any money to this noble

7th July, 1696. A northern wind altering the weather
with a continual and impetuous rain of three days and
nights changed it into perfect winter.

12th July, 1696. Very unseasonable and uncertain

26th July, 1696. So little money in the nation that
Exchequer Tallies, of which I had for ;^2,ooo on the

340 DIARY OF London

best fund in England, the Post Office, nobody would take
at 30 per cent discount.

3d August, 1696. The Bank lending the ^200,000 to
pay the army in Flanders, that had done nothing against
the enemy, had so exhausted the treasure of the nation,
that one could not have borrowed money under 14 or 15
per cent on bills, or on Exchequer Tallies under 30 per
cent. Reasonable good harvest weather. I went to
Lambeth and dined with the Archbishop, who had been
at Court on the complaint against Dr. Thomas Watson,
Bishop of St. David's, who was suspended for simony.
The Archbishop told me how unsatisfied he was with the
Canon law, and how exceedingly unreasonable all their
pleadings appeared to him.

September, 1696. Fine seasonable weather, and a great
harvest after a cold, wet summer. Scarcity in Scotland.

6th September, 1696. I went to congratulate the mar-
riage of a daughter of Mr. Boscawen to the son of vSir
Philip Meadows; she is niece to my Lord Godolphin,
married at Lambeth by the Archbishop, 30th of August.
After above six months' stay in London about Green-
wich Hospital, I returned to Wotton.

24th October, 1696. Unseasonable stormy weather, and
an ill seedtime.

November, 1696. Lord Godolphin retired from the
Treasury, who was the first Commissioner and most
skillful manager of all.

8th November, 1696. The first frost began fiercely,
but lasted not long. More plots talked of. Search for
Jacobites so called.

i5th-23d November, 1696. Very stormy weather, rain,
and inundations.

13th December, 1696. Continuance of extreme frost
and snow.

17th January, 1696-7. The severe frost and weather
relented, but again froze with snow. Conspiracies con-
tinue against King William. Sir John Fenwick was be-

7th February, 1697. Severe frost continued with snow.
Soldiers in the armies and garrison towns frozen to
death oh their posts.

(Here a leaf of the MS. is lost.)

1696-98 JOHN EVELYN 341

17th August, 1697. I came to Wotton after three
months' absence.

September, 1697. Very bright weather, but with sharp
east wind. My son came from London in his melancholy

12th September, 1697. Mr. Duncombe, the rector,
came and preached after an absence of two years, though
only living seven or eight miles off [at Ashted]. Wel-
come tidings of the Peace.

3d October, 1697. So great were the storms all this
week, that near a thousand people were lost going into the

i6th November, 1697. The King's entry very pompous ;
but is nothing approaching that of King Charles II.

2d December, 1697. Thanksgiving Day for the Peace,
the King and a great Court at Whitehall. The Bishop
of Salisbury preached, or rather made a florid panegyric,
on 2 Chron. ix. 7, 8. The evening concluded with fire-
works and illuminations of great expense.

5th December, 1697. Was the first Sunday that St.
Paul's had had service performed in it since it was burned
in 1666.

6th December, 1697. I went to Kensington with the
Sheriff, Knights, and chief gentlemen of Surrey, to pre-
sent their address to the King. The Duke of Norfolk
promised to introduce it, but came so late, that it was
presented before he came. This insignificant ceremony
was brought in in Cromwell's time, and has ever since
continued with offers of life and fortune to whoever
happened to have the power. I dined at Sir Richard
Onslow's, who treated almost all the gentlemen of Sur-
rey. When we had half dined, the Duke of Norfolk
came in to make his excuse.

12th December, 1697. At the Temple Church; it was
very long before the service began, staying for the
Comptroller of the Inner Temple, where was to be kept
a riotous and reveling Christmas, according to custom.

i8th December, 1697. At Lambeth, to Dr. Bentley,
about the Library at St. James's.

23d December, 1697. I returned to Wotton.

1697-98. A great Christmas kept at Wotton, open house,
much company. I presented my book of Medals, etc., to
divers noblemen, before I exposed it to sale.

342 DIARY OF London

2d January, 169S. Dr. Fulham, who lately married
my niece, preached against atheism, a very eloquent
discourse, somewhat improper for most of the audience
at [Wotton], but fitted for some other place, and very
apposite to the profane temper of the age.

5th January, 1698. Whitehall burned, nothing but walls
and ruins left.

30th January, 1698. The imprisonment of the great
banker, Buncombe: censured by Parliament; acquitted
by the Lords; sent again to the Tower by the Commons.

The Czar of Muscovy being come to England, and
having a mind to see the building of ships, hired my
house at Sayes Court, and made it his court and palace,
newly furnished for him by the King.*

2ist April, 1698. The Czar went from my house to
return home. An exceedingly sharp and cold season.

8th May, 1698. An extraordinary great snow and frost,
nipping the corn and other fruits. Corn at nine shillings
a bushel [;£iS a load].

30th May, 1698. I dined at Mr. Pepys's, where I heard
the rare voice of Mr. Pule, who was lately come from
Italy, reputed the most excellent singer we had ever
had. He sung several compositions of the late Dr.

5th June, 1698. Dr. White, late Bishop of Norwich,
who had been ejected for not complying with Govern-
ment, was buried in St. Gregory's churchyard, or vault,
at St. Paul's. His hearse was accompanied by two non-
juror bishops. Dr. Turner of Ely, and Dr. Lloyd, with
forty other non-juror clergymen, who would not stay the
Ofi&ce of the burial, because the Dean of St. Paul's had
appointed a conforming minister to read the Office; at
which all much wondered, there being nothing in that
Office which mentioned the present King.

8th June, 1698. I went to congratulate the marriage
of Mr. Godolphin with the Earl of Marlborough's

* While the Czar was in his house, Evelyn's servant \vrites to him:
« There is a house full of people, and right nasty. The Czar lies next
your library, and dines in the parlor next your study. He dines at ten
o'clock and at six at night ; is very seldom at home a whole day ; very
often in the King's yard, or by water, dressed in several dresses. The
King is expected here this day ; the best parlor is pretty clean for him
to be entertained in. The King pays for all he has. »

1698 JOHN EVELYN 343

9th June, 1698. To Deptford, to see how miserably
the Czar had left my house, after three months making
it his Court. I got Sir Christopher Wren, the King's
surveyor, and Mr. London, his gardener, to go and esti-
mate the repairs, for which they allowed ^150 in their re-
port to the Lords of the Treasury. I then went to see the
foundation of the Hall and Chapel at Greenwich Hospital.

6th August, 1698. I dined with Pepys, where was Cap-
tain Dampier,* who had been a famous buccaneer, had
brought hither the painted Prince Job, and printed a re-
lation of his very strange adventure, and his observations.
He was now going abroad again by the King's encour-
agement, who furnished a ship of 290 tons. He seemed a
more modest man than one would imagine by the relation
of the crew he had assorted with. He brought a map of
his observations of the course of the winds in the South
Sea, and assured us that the maps hitherto extant were
all false as to the Pacific Sea, which he makes on the
south of the line, that on the north end running by the
coast of Peru being extremely tempestuous.

25th September, 1698. Dr. Foy came to me to use my
interest with Lord Sunderland for his being made Pro-
fessor of Physic at Oxford, in the King's gift. I went
also to the Archbishop in his behalf.

7th December, 1698. Being one of the Council of the
Royal Society, I was named to be of the committee
to wait on our new President, the Lord Chancellor, our
Secretary, Dr. Sloane, and Sir R. Southwell, last Vice-
President, carrying our book of statutes ; the office of the
President being read, his Lordship subscribed his name,
and took the oaths according to our statutes as a Corpo-
ration for the improvement of natural knowledge. Then
his Lordship made a short compliment concerning the
honor the Society had done him, and how ready he would
be to promote so noble a design, and come himself among
us, as often as the attendance on the public would per-
mit; and so we took our leave.

1 8th December, 1698. Very warm, but exceedingly

* The celebrated navigator, born in T652, the time of whose death
is uncertain. His « Voyage Round the World » has gone through
many editions, and the substance of it has been transferred to many
collections of voyages.

344 DIARY OF London

January, 1698-99. My cousin Pierrepoint died. She
was daughter to Sir John Evelyn, of Wilts, my father's
nephew; she was widow to William Pierrepoint, brother
to the Marquis of Dorchester, and mother to Evelyn
Pierrepoint, Earl of Kingston; a most excellent and pru-
dent lady.

The House of Commons persist in refusing more than
7,000 men to be a standing army, and no strangers to be
in the number. This displeased the Court party. Our
county member. Sir R. Onslow, opposed it also; which
might reconcile him to the people, who began to suspect

17th February, 1699. My grandson went to Oxford with
Dr. Mander, the Master of Baliol College, where he was
entered a fellow-commoner.

19th February, 1699. A most furious wind, such as
has not happened for many years, doing g^reat damage to
houses and trees, by the fall of which several persons
were killed.

5th March, 1699. The old East India Company lost
their business against the new Company, by ten votes in
Parliament, so many of their friends being absent, going
to see a tiger baited by dogs.

The persecuted Vaudois, who were banished out of
Savoy, were received by the German Protestant Princes.

24th March, 1699. My only remaining son died after a
tedious languishing sickness, contracted in Ireland, and
increased here, to my exceeding grief and affliction ; leav-
ing me one grandson, now at Oxford, whom I pray God
to prosper and be the support of the Wotton family.
He was aged forty-four years and about .three months.
He had been six years one of the Commissioners of the
Revenue in Ireland, with great ability and reputation.

26th March, 1699. After an extraordinary storm, there
came up the Thames a whale which was fifty-six feet
long. Such, and a larger of the spout kind, was killed
there forty years ago (June 1658). That year died Cromwell.

30th March, 1699. My deceased son was buried in the
vault at Wotton, according to his desire.

The Duke of Devon lost ^1,900 at a horse race at New-

The King preferring his young favorite Earl of Albe-
marle to be first Commander of his Guard, the Duke of

1698-99 JOHN EVELYN 345

Ormond laid down his commission. This of the Dutch
Lord passing over his head, was exceedingly resented by

April, 1699. Lord Spencer purchased an incomparable
library* of . . . wherein, among other rare books,
were several that were printed at the first invention of
that wonderful art, as particularly " Tully's Offices, etc. '*
There was a Homer and a Suidas in a very good Greek
character and good paper, almost as ancient. This gen-
tleman is a very fine scholar, whom from a child I have
known. His tutor was one Florival of Geneva.

29th April, 1699. I dined with the Archbishop; but
my business was to get him to persuade the King to pur-
chase the late Bishop of Worcester's library, and build
a place for his own library at St. James's, in the Park,
the present one being too small.

3d May, 1699. At a meeting of the Royal Society I
was nominated to be of the committee to wait on the
Lord Chancellor to move the King to purchase the Bishop
of Worcester's library (Dr. Edward Stillingfleet).

4th May, 1699. The Court party have little influence
in this Session.

7th May, 1699. The Duke of Ormond restored to his
commission. All Lotteries, till now cheating the people,
to be no longer permitted than to Christmas, except that
for the benefit of Greenwich Hospital. Mr. Bridgman,
chairman of the committee for that charitable work, died ;
a great loss to it. He was Clerk of the Council, a very
industrious, useful man. I saw the library of Dr. John
Moore,! Bishop of Norwich, one of the best and most
ample collection of all sorts of good books in England,
and he, one of the most learned men.

nth June, 1699. After a long drought, we had a re-
freshing shower. The day before, there was a dreadful
fire at Rotherhithe, near the Thames side, which burned
divers ships, and consumed nearly three hundred houses.
Now died the famous Duchess of Mazarin ; she had been
the richest lady in Europe. She was niece of Cardi-
nal Mazarin, and was married to the richest subject in

* The foundation of the noble library now at Blenheim.

t Afterward Bishop of Ely. He died 31st of July, 1714. King George
I. purchased this library after the Bishop's death, for ;^6,ooo, and pre-
sented it to the University of Cambridge, where it now is.

346 DIARY OF London

Europe, as is said. She was born at Rome, educated in
France, and was an extraordinary beauty and wit, but
dissolute and impatient of matrimonial restraint, so as to

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