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be abandoned by her husband, and banished, when she
came into England for shelter, lived on a pension given
her here, and is reported to have hastened her death by
intemperate drinking strong spirits. She has written her
own story and adventures, and so has her other extrava-
gant sister, wife to the noble family of Colonna.

15th June, 1699. This week died Conyers Seymour,
son of Sir Edward Seymour, killed in a duel caused by
a slight affront in St. James's Park, given him by one
who was envious of his gallantries; for he was a vain,
foppish young man, who made a great e'cldt about town
by his splendid equipage and boundless expense. He was
about twenty-three years old ; his brother, now at Oxford,
inherited an estate of ^7, 000 a year, which had fallen to
him not two years before.

19th June, 1699. My cousin, George Evelyn, of Nut-
field, died suddenly.

25th June, 1699. The heat has been so great, almost
all this month, that I do not remember to have felt much
greater in Italy, and this after a winter the wettest,
though not the coldest, that I remember for fifty years
last past.

28th June, 1699. Finding my occasions called me so
often to London, I took the remainder of the lease my
son had in a house in Dover Street, to which I now re-
moved, not taking my goods from Wotton.

23d July, 1699. Seasonable showers, after a continuance
of excessive drought and heat.

August, 1699. I drank the Shooters' Hill waters. At
Deptford, they had been building a pretty new church.
The Bishop of St. David's [Watson] deprived for
simony. * The city of Moscow burnt by the throwing of
squibs.

3d September, 1699. There was in this week an
eclipse of the sun, at which many were frightened by
the predictions of the astrologers. I remember fifty
years ago that many were so terrified by Lilly, that they
dared not go out of their houses. A strange earthquake
at New Batavia, in the East Indies.

* Ante, p. 330.



i699 JOHN EVELYN 347

4th October, 1699. My worthy brother died at Wotton,
in the 83d year of his age, of perfect memory and
understanding. He was religious, sober, and temperate,
and of so hospitable a nature, that no family in the
county maintained that ancient custom of keeping, as
it were, open house the whole year in the same manner,
or gave more noble or free entertainment to the county
on all occasions, so that his house was never free.
There were sometimes twenty persons more than his
family, and some that stayed there all the summer, to
his no small expense; by this he gained the universal
love of the county. He was born at Wotton, went
from the free school at Guildford to Trinity College,
Oxford, thence to the Middle Temple, as gentlemen of
the best quality did, but without intention to study the
law as a profession. He married the daughter of Colwall,
of a worthy and ancient family in Leicestershire, by
whom he had one son; she dying in 1643, left George
her son an infant, who being educated liberally, after
traveling abroad, returned and married one Mrs. Gore,
by whom he had several children, but only three
daughters survived. He was a young man of good
understanding, but, over-indulging his ease and pleasure,
grew so very corpulent, contrary to the constitution of
the rest of his father's relations, that he died. My
brother afterward married a noble and honorable lady,
relict of Sir John Cotton, she being an Offley, a worthy
and ancient Staffordshire family, by whom he had several
children of both sexes. This lady died, leaving only
two daughters and a son. The younger daughter died
before marriage; the other afterward married Sir Cyril

Wych, a noble and learned gentleman ( son of Sir

Wych), who had been Ambassador at Constantinople,
and was afterward made one of the Lords Justices of
Ireland. Before this marriage, her only brother married

the daughter of Eversfield, of Sussex, of an honorable

family, but left a widow without any child living; he
died about 1691, and his wife not many years after,
and my brother resettled the whole estate on me. His
sister, Wych, had a portion of ^,^6,000, to which was
added ;^3oo more; the three other daughters, with what
I added, had about ;^5,ooo each. My brother died on the
5th of October, in a good old age and great reputation,



348 DIARY OF London

making his beloved daughter, Lady Wych, sole executrix,
leaving me only his library and some pictures of my
father, mother, etc. She buried him with extraordinary
solemnity, rather as a nobleman than as a private
gentleman. There were, as I computed, above 2,000
persons at the funeral, all the gentlemen of the county
doing him the last honors. I returned to London, till
my lady should dispose of herself and family.

2ist October, 1699, After an unusual warm and pleas-
ant season, we were surprised with a very sharp frost.
I presented my ^'^ Ace t aria, '*^ dedicated to my Lord Chancel-
lor, who returned me thanks in an extraordinarily civil letter.

15th November, 1699. There happened this week so
thick a mist and fog, that people lost their way in the
streets, it being so intense that no light of candles, or
torches, yielded any (or but very little) direction. I was
in it, and in danger. Robberies were committed between
the very lights which were fixed between London and
Kensington on both sides, and while coaches and trav-
elers were passing. It began about four in the after-
noon, and was quite gone by eight, without any wind to
disperse it. At the Thames, they beat drums to direct
the watermen to make the shore.

19th November, 1699. At our chapel in the evening
there was a sermon preached by young Mr. Horneck,
chaplain to Lord Guilford, whose lady's funeral had been
celebrated magnificently the Thursday before. A pane-
gyric was now pronounced, describing the extraordinary
piety and excellently employed life of this amiable young
lady. She died in childbed a few days before, to the
excessive sorrow of her husband, who ordered the
preacher to declare that it was on her exemplary life,
exhortations and persuasion, that he totally changed the
course of his life, which was before in great danger of
being perverted; following the mode of this dissolute
age. Her devotion, early piety, charity, fastings, econ-
omy, disposition of her time in reading, praying, recol-
lections in her own handwriting of what she heard and
read, and her conversation were most exemplary.

24th November, 1699. I signed Dr. Blackwell's election
to be the next year's Boyles Lecturer.

Such horrible robberies and murders were committed,
as had not been known in this nation; atheism, profane-



1699-1700 JOHN EVELYN 349

ness, blasphemy, among all sorts, portended some judg-
ment if not amended; on which a society was set on foot,
who obliged themselves to endeavor the reforming of it,
in London and other places, and began to punish of-
fenders and put the laws in more strict execution; which
God Almighty prosper! A gentle, calm, dry, temperate
weather all this season of the year, but now came sharp,
hard frost, and mist, but calm.

3d December, 1699. Calm, bright, and warm as in the
middle of April. So continued on 21st of January. A
great earthquake in Portugal,

The Parliament reverses the prodigious donations of
the Irish forfeitures, which were intended to be set apart
for discharging the vast national debt. They called some
great persons in the highest offices in question for setting
the Great Seal to the pardon of an arch-pirate,* who had
turned pirate again, and brought prizes into the West
Indies, suspected to be connived at on sharing the prey;
but the prevailing part in the House called Courtiers,
out-voted the complaints, not by being more in number,
but by the country party being negligent in attendance.

14th January, 1699-1700. Dr. Lancaster, Vicar of St.
Martin's, dismissed Mr. Stringfellow, who had been made
the first preacher at our chapel by the Bishop of Lincoln
[ Dr. Tenison, now Archbishop ], while he held St. Martin's
by dispensation, and put in one Mr. Sandys, much against
the inclination of those who frequented the chapel. The
Scotch book about Darien was burned by the hangman by
vote of Parliament.!

2ist January, 1700. Died the Duke of Beaufort, a
person of great honor, prudence, and estate.

25th January, 1700. I went to Wotton, the first time
after my brother's funeral, to furnish the house with
necessaries. Lady Wych and my nephew Glanville, the
executors having sold and disposed of what goods were
there of my brother's. The weather was now altering
into sharp and hard frost.

* Captain Kidd ; he was hanged about two years afterward with
some of his accomplices. This was one of the charges brought by
the Commons against Lord Somers.

fThe volume alluded to was « An Enquiry into the Causes of the
Miscarriage of the Scots Colony at Darien: Or an Answer to a Libel,"
entitled «A Defense of the Scots abdicating Darien. '^ See Votes of
the House of Commons, 15th January, 1699-1700.



350 DIARY OF London

One Stephens, who preached before the House of Com-
mons on King- Charles's Martyrdom, told them that the
observation of that day was not intended out of any
detestation of his murder, but to be a lesson to other
Kings and Rulers, how they ought to behave themselves
toward their subjects, lest they should come to the same
end. This was so resented that, though it was usual to
desire these anniversary sermons to be printed, they
refused thanks to him, and ordered that in future no one
should preach before them, who was not either a Dean
or a Doctor of Divinity.

4th February, 1700. The Parliament voted against the
Scots settling in Darien as being prejudicial to our trade
with Spain. They also voted that the exorbitant number
of attorneys be lessened (now indeed swarming, and evi-
dently causing lawsuits and disturbance, eating out the
estates of the people, provoking them to go to law).

1 8th February, 1700. Mild and calm season, with
gentle frost, and little mizzling rain. The Vicar of St.
Martin's frequently preached at Trinity chapel in the
afternoon.

8th March, 1700. The season was like April for warmth
and mildness. — nth. On Wednesday, was a sermon at
our chapel, to be continued during Lent.

13th March, 1700. I was at the funeral of my Lady
Temple, who was buried at Islington, brought from Ad-
discombe, near Croydon. vShe left my son-in-law Draper
(her nephew) the mansion house of Addiscombe, very nobly
and completely furnished, with the estate about it, with
plate and jewels, to the value in all of about ^^20,000.
She was a very prudent lady, gave many great legacies^
with ^500 to the poor of Islington, where her husband,
Sir Purbeck Temple, was buried, both dying without issue.

24th March, 1700. The season warm, gentle, and ex-
ceedingly pleasant. Divers persons of quality entered into
the Society for Reformation * of Manners ; and some lec-
tures were set up, particularly in the city of London.
The most eminent of the clergy preached at Bow Church,
after reading a declaration set forth by the King to sup-
press the growing wickedness ; this began already to take
some effect as to common swearing, and oaths in the
mouths of people of all ranks.

* Ante, p. 349.



I700 JOHN EVELYN 351

25th March, 1700. Dr. Burnet preached to-day before
the Lord Mayor and a very great congregation, on Prov-
erbs xxvii. 5, 6, "Open rebuke is better than secret love;
the wounds of a friend are better than the kisses of an
enemy. '^ He made a very pathetic discourse concerning
the necessity and advantage of friendly correction.

April, 1700. The Duke of Norfolk now succeeded in
obtaining a divorce from his wife by the Parliament for
adultery with Sir John Germaine, a Dutch gamester, of
mean extraction, who had got much by gaming; the
Duke had leave to marry again, so that if he should have
children, the Dukedom will go from the late Lord
Thomas's children, Papists indeed, but very hopeful and
virtuous gentlemen, as was their father. The now Duke
their uncle is a Protestant.

The Parliament nominated fourteen persons to go into
Ireland as commissioners to dispose of the forfeited es-
tates there, toward payment of the debts incurred by the
late war, but which the King had in great measure given
to some of his favorites of both sexes, Dutch and others
of little merit, and very unseasonably. That this might
be done without suspicion of interest in the Parliament,
it was ordered that no member of either House should
be in the commission. The great contest between the
Lords and Commons concerning the Lords' power of
amendments and rejecting bills tacked to the money bill,
carried for the Commons. However, this tacking of bills
is a novel practice, suffered by King Charles IL, who,
being continually in want of money, let anything pass
rather than not have wherewith to feed his extrava-
gance. This was carried but by one voice in the
Lords, all the Bishops following the Court, save one; so
that near sixty bills passed, to the great triumph of the
Commons and Country party, but high regret of the
Court, and those to whom the King had given large es-
tates in Ireland. Pity it is, that things should be brought
to this extremity, the government of this nation being
so equally poised between King and subject; but we are
satisfied with nothing; and, while there is no perfection
on this side heaven, methinks both might be contented
without straining things too far. Among the rest, there
passed a law as to Papists' estates, that if one turned
not Protestant before eighteen years of age, it should



352 DIARY OF wotton

pass to his next Protestant heir. This indeed seemed a
hard law, but not only the usage of the French King to
his Protestant subjects, but the indiscreet insolence of
the Papists here, going in triumphant and public proces-
sions with their Bishops, with banners and trumpets in
divers places (as is said) in the northern counties, has
brought it on their party.

24th April. 1700. This week there was a great change
of State officers. The Duke of Shrewsbury resigned his
Lord Chamberlainship to the Earl of Jersey, the Duke's
indisposition requiring his retreat. Mr. Vernon, Secre-
tary of State, was put out. The Seal was taken from the
Lord Chancellor Somers, though he had been acquitted
by a great majority of votes for what was charged against
him in the House of Commons. This being in term
time, put some stop to business, many eminent lawyers
refusing to accept the office, considering the uncertainty
of things in this fluctuating conjuncture. It is certain
that this Chancellor was a most excellent lawyer, very
learned in all polite literature, a superior pen, master of
a handsome style, and of easy conversation; but he is
said to make too much haste to be rich, as his prede-
cessor, and most in place in this age did, to a more pro-
digious excess than was ever known. But the Commons
had now so mortified the Court party, and property and
liberty were so much invaded in all the neighboring
kingdoms, that their jealousy made them cautious, and
every day strengthened the law which protected the peo-
ple from tyranny.

A most glorious spring, with hope of abundance of
fruit of all kinds, and a propitious year.

loth May, 1700. The great trial between Sir Walter
Clarges and Mr. Sherwin concerning the legitimacy of
the late Duke of Albemarle, on which depended an es-
tate of ;^i,5oo a year; the verdict was given for Sir
Walter. 1 9th. Serjeant Wright at last accepted the Great
Seal.

24th May, 1700. I went from Dover street to Wotton,
for the rest of the summer, and removed thither the rest
of my goods from Sayes Court.

2d June, 1700. A sweet season, with a mixture of re-
freshing showers.

9th-i6th June, 1700. In the afternoon, our clergy-



I700 JOHN EVELYN 353

man had a catechism, which was continued for some
time.

July, 1700. I was visited with illness, but it pleased
God that I recovered, for which praise be ascribed to him
by me, and that he has again so graciously advertised
me of my duty to prepare for my latter end, which at
my great age, cannot be far off.

The Duke of Gloucester, son of the Princess Anne of
Denmark, died of the smallpox.

13th July, 1700. I went to Marden, which was origin-
ally a barren warren bought by Sir Robert Clayton, who
built there a pretty house, and made such alteration by
planting not only an infinite store of the best fruit; but
so changed the natural situation of the hill, valleys,
and solitary mountains about it, that it rather repre-
sented some foreign country, which would produce spon-
taneously pines, firs, cypress, yew, holly, and juniper;
they were come to their perfect growth, with walks,
mazes, etc., among them, and were preserved with the
utmost care, so that I who had seen it some years before
in its naked and barren condition, was in admiration of it.
The land was bought of Sir John Evelyn, of Godstone,
and was thus improved for pleasure and retirement by
the vast charge and industry of this opulent citizen. He
and his lady received us with great civility. The tombs
in the church at Croydon of Archbishops Grindal, Whit-
gift, and other Archbishops, are fine and venerable; but
none comparable to that of the late Archbishop Sheldon,
which, being all of white marble, and of a stately ordi-
nance and carvings, far surpassed the rest, and I judge
could not cost less than ;^7oo or ;2^8oo.

20th September, 1700. I went to Beddington,the ancient
seat of the Carews, in my remembrance a noble old struc-
ture, capacious, and in form of the buildings of the age
of Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth, and proper for the
old English hospitality, but now decaying with the house
itself, heretofore adorned with ample gardens, and the
first orange trees* that had been seen in England,
planted in the open ground, and secured in winter
only by a tabernacle of boards and stoves removable in
summer, that, standing 120 years, large and goodly trees,

* Oranges were eaten in this kingdom much earlier than the time of
King James I.
23



354 DIARY OF London

and laden with fruit, were now in decay, as well as the
grotto, fountains, cabinets, and other curiosities in the
house and abroad, it being now fallen to a child under
age, and only kept by a servant or two from utter
dilapidation. The estate and park about it also in de-
cay.

23d September, 1700, I went to visit Mr. Pepys at
Clapham, where he has a very noble and wonderfully well-
furnished house, especially with Indian and Chinese curi-
osities. The offices and gardens well accommodated for
pleasure and retirement.

31st October, 1700. My birthday now completed the 80th
year of my age. I with my soul render thanks to God,
who, of his infinite mercy, not only brought me out of
many troubles, but this year restored me to health, after
an ague and other infirmities of so great an age; my
sight, hearing, and other senses and faculties tolerable,
which I implore him to continue, with the pardon of my
sins past, and grace to acknowledge by my improvement
of his goodness the ensuing year, if it be his pleasure to
protract my life, that I may be the better prepared for
my last day, through the infinite merits of my blessed
Savior, the Lord Jesus, Amen!

5th November, 1700. Came the news of my dear grand-
son (the only male of my family now remaining) being
fallen ill of the smallpox at Oxford, which after the dire
effects of it in my family exceedingly afflicted me ; but so
it pleased my most merciful God that being let blood at
his first complaint, and by the extraordinary care of Dr.
Mander (Head of the college and now Vice Chancellor),
who caused him to be brought and lodged in his own
bed and bedchamber, with the advice of his physician
and care of his tutor, there were all fair hopes of his
recovery, to our infinite comfort. We had a letter every
day either from the Vice Chancellor himself, or his tutor.

17th November, 1700. Assurance of his recovery by a
letter from himself.

There was a change of great officers at Court. Lord
Godolphin returned to his former station of first Commis-
sioner of the Treasury ; Sir Charles Hedges, Secretary of
State.

30th November, 1700. At the Royal Society, Lord
Somers, the late Chancellor, was continued President.



lyoo-oi JOHN EVELYN 355

8th December, 1700. Great alterations of officers at
Court, and elsewhere, — Lord Chief Justice Treby died; he
was a learned man in his profession, of which we have
now few, never fewer; the Chancery requiring so little
skill in deep law-learning, if the practicer can talk elo-
quently in that Court ; so that probably few care to study
the law to any purpose. Lord Marlborough Master of the
Ordnance, in place of Lord Romney made Groom of the
Stole. The Earl of Rochester goes Lord Lieutenant to
Ireland.

January, 1700-01. I finished the sale of North Stoake in
Sussex to Robert Michell, Esq., appointed by my brother
to be sold for payment of portions to my nieces, and
other incumbrances on the estate.

4th January, 1701. An exceeding deep snow, and
melted away as suddenly.

19th January, 1701. Severe frost, and such a tempest
as threw down many chimneys, and did great spoil at
sea, and blew down above twenty trees of mine at Wot-
ton.

9th February, 1701. The old Speaker laid aside, and
Mr. Harley, an able gentleman, chosen. Our country-
man, Sir Richard Onslow, had a party for him.

27th February, 1701. By an order of the House of
Commons, I laid before the Speaker the state of what
had been received and paid toward the building of
Greenwich Hospital.

Mr Wye, Rector of Wotton, died, a very worthy good
man. I gave it to Dr. Bohun, a learned person and ex-
cellent preacher, who had been my son's tutor, and lived
long in my family.

1 8th March, 1701. I let Sayes Court to Lord Car-
marthen, son to the Duke of Leeds. 28th. I went to the
funeral of my sister Draper, who was buried at Edmon-
ton in great state. Dr. Davenant displeased the clergy
now met in Convocation by a passage in his book, p. 40.
April, 1 701. A Dutch boy of about eight or nine years
old was carried about by his parents to show, who had
about the iris of one eye the letters of Deus mens, and
of the other Elohiin, in the Hebrew character. How
this was done by artifice none could imagine ; his parents
affirming that he was so born. It did not prejudice his
sight, and he seemed to be a lively playing boy. Every-



3s6 DIARY OF london

body went to see him; physicians and philosophers ex-
amined it with great accuracy; some considered it as
artificial, others as almost supernatural.

4th April, 1701. The Duke of Norfold died of an apo-
plexy, and Mr, Thomas Howard of complicated disease
since his being cut for the stone; he was one of the
Tellers of the Exchequer. Mr. How made a Baron.

May, 1 701. Some Kentish men, delivering a petition to
the House of Commons, were imprisoned.*

A great dearth, no considerable rain having fallen for
some months.

17th May, 1 701. Very plentiful showers, the wind com-
ing west and south. The Bishops and Convocation at
difference concerning the right of calling the assembly
and dissolving. Atterbury and Dr. Wake writing one
against the other.

20th June, 1 701. The Commons demanded a conference
with the Lords on the trial of Lord Somers, which the
Lords refused, and proceeding on the trial, the Commons
would not attend, and he was acquitted.

22d June, 1701. I went to congratulate the arrival of
that worthy and excellent person my Lord Galway, newly
come out of Ireland, where he had behaved himself so
honestly, and to the exceeding satisfaction of the people :
but he was removed thence for being a Frenchman,
though they had not a more worthy, valiant, discreet,
and trusty person in the two kingdoms, on whom they
could have relied for his conduct and fitness. He was
one who had deeply suffered, as well as the Marquis, his
father, for being Protestants.

July, 1 70 1. My Lord Treasurer made my grandson
one of the Commissioners of the prizes, salary ^^500 per
annum.

8th July, 1 70 1. My grandson went to Sir Simon Har-
court, the Solicitor-General, to Windsor, to wait on my
Lord Treasurer. There had been for some time a
proposal of marrying my grandson to a daughter of

* Justinian Champneys, Thomas Culpepper, William Culpepper,
William Hamilton, and David Polhill, gentlemen of considerable prop-
erty and family in the county. There is a very good print of them in
five ovals on one plate, engraved by R. White, in 1701. They desired
the Parliament to mind the public more, and their private heats less.
They were confined till the prorogation, and were much visited. Bur-



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