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lyoi JOHN EVELYN 357

Mrs. Boscawen, sister of my Lord Treasurer, which was
now far advanced.

14th July, 1 701. I subscribed toward rebuilding Oak-
wood Chapel, now, after 200 years, almost fallen down.

August, 1 701. The weather changed from heat not
much less than in Italy or Spain for some few days, to
wet, dripping, and cold, with intermissions of fair.

2d September, 1701. I went to Kensington, and saw
the house, plantations, and gardens, the work of Mr.
Wise, who was there to receive me.

The death of King James, happening on the 15th of
this month, N. S., after two or three days' indisposition,
put an end to that unhappy Prince's troubles, after a
short and unprosperous reign, indiscreetly attempting to
bring in Popery, and make himself absolute, in imitation
of the French, hurried on by the impatience of the
Jesuits; which the nation would not endure.

Died the Earl of Bath, whose contest with Lord Mon-
tague about the Duke of Albemarle's estate, claiming
under a will supposed to have been forged, is said to have
been worth ;^io,ooo to the lawyers. His eldest son shot
himself a few days after his father's death; for what
cause is not clear. He was a most hopeful young man,
and had behaved so bravely against the Turks at the
siege of Vienna, that the Emperor made him a Count of
the Empire. It was falsely reported that Sir Edward
Seymour was dead, a great man; he had often been
Speaker, Treasurer of the Navy, and in many other lucra-
tive offices. He was of a hasty spirit, not at all sincere,
but head of the party at any time prevailing in Parlia-
ment.

29th September, 1701, I kept my first courts in Sur-
rey, which took up the whole week. My steward was
Mr. Hervey, a Counsellor, Justice of Peace, and Member
of Parliament, and my neighbor. I gave him six guineas,
which was a guinea a day, and to Mr. Martin, his clerk,
three guineas.

31st October, 1701. I was this day 81 complete, in
tolerable health, considering my great age.

December, 1701. Great contentions about elections. I
gave my vote and interest to vSir R. Onslow and Mr.
Weston.

27th December, 1701. My grandson quitted Oxford.



358 DIARY OF London

2 1 St January, 1701-02. At the Royal Society there was
read and approved the delineation and description of my
Tables of Veins and Arteries, by Mr. Cooper, the chirur-
geon, in order to their being- engraved.

8th March, 1702. The King had a fall from his horse,
and broke his collar bone, and having been much indis-
posed before, and aguish, with a long cough and other
weakness, died this Sunday morning, about four o'clock.

I carried my accounts of Greenwich Hospital to the
Committee.

12th April, 1702. My brother-in-law, Glanville, departed
this life this morning after a long languishing illness,
leaving a son by my sister, and two granddaughters.
Our relation and friendship had been long and great. He
was a man of excellent parts. He died in the 84th year
of his age, and willed his body to be wrapped in lead and
carried down to Greenwich, put on board a ship, and
buried in the sea, between Dover and Calais, about the
Goodwin sands ; which was done on the Tuesday, or Wednes-
day after. This occasioned much discourse, he having
no relation at all to the sea. He was a gentleman of an
ancient family in Devonshire, and married my sister Jane.
By his prudent parsimony he much improved his fortune.
He had a place in the Alienation Office, and might have
been an extraordinary man, had he cultivated his parts.

My steward at Wotton gave a very honest account of
what he had laid out on repairs, amounting to ^^^ 1,900.

3d May, 1702. The report of the committee sent to
examine the state of Greenwich hospital was delivered
to the House of Commons, much to their satisfaction.
Lord Godolphin made Lord High Treasurer.

Being elected a member of the Society lately incor-
porated for the propagation of the Gospel in foreign
parts, I subscribed ^10 per annum toward the carrying
it on. We agreed that every missioner, besides the ^20
to set him forth, should have ;^5o per annum out of the
stock of the Corporation, till his settlement was worth to
him ;^ioo per annum. We sent a young divine to New York.

22d June, 1702. I dined at the Archbishop's with the
newly made Bishop of Carlisle, Dr. Nicolson, my worthy
and learned correspondent.

27th June, 1702. I went to Wotton with my family
for the rest of the summer, and my son-in-law, Draper,



I70I-02 JOHN EVELYN 359

with his family, came to stay with us, his house at Ad-
discombe being new-building, so that my family was
above thirty. Most of the new Parliament were chosen
of Church of England principles, against the peevish
party. The Queen was magnificently entertained at Ox-
ford and all the towns she passed through on her way to
Bath.

31st October, 1702. Arrived now to the 826. year of
my age, having read over all that passed since this day
twelvemonth in these notes, I render solemn thanks to
the Lord, imploring the pardon of my past sins, and the
assistance of his grace; making new resolutions, and im-
ploring that he will continue his assistance, and prepare
me for my blessed Savior's coming, that I may obtain a
comfortable departure, after so long a term as has been
hitherto indulged me. I find by many infirmities this
year (especially nephritic pains) that I much decline;
and yet of his infinite mercy retain my intellect and
senses in great measure above most of my age. I have
this year repaired much of the mansion house and several
tenants' houses, and paid some of my debts and engage-
ments. My wife, children, and family in health: for all
which I most sincerely beseech Almighty God to accept
of these my acknowledgments, and that if it be his holy
will to continue me yet longer, it may be to the praise
of his infinite grace, and salvation of my soul. Amen!

8th November, 1702. My kinsman, John Evelyn, of
Nuffield, a young and very hopeful gentleman, and
Member of Parliament, after having come to Wotton
to see me, about fifteen days past, went to London and
there died of the smallpox. He left a brother, a
commander in the army in Holland, to inherit a fair
estate.

Our affairs in so prosperous a condition both by sea
and land, that there has not been so great an union in
Parliament, Court, and people, in memory of man, which
God in mercy make us thankful for, and continue! The
Bishop of Exeter preached before the Queen and both
Houses of Parliament at St. Paul's; they were wonder-
fully huzzaed in their passage, and splendidly entertained
in the city.

December, 1702. The expectation now is, what treas-
ure will be found on breaking bulk of the galleon brought



36o DIARY OF London

from Vigo by Sir George Rooke, which being made up
in an extraordinary manner in the hold, was not begun
to be opened till the fifth of this month, before two of
the Privy Council, two of the chief magistrates of the
city, and the Lord Treasurer.

After the excess of honor conferred by the Queen on
the Earl of Marlborough, by making him a Knight of
the Garter and a Duke, for the success of but one cam-
paign, that he should desire ;^5,ooo a year to be settled
on him by Parliament out of the Post Office, was thought
a bold and unadvised request, as he had, besides his
own considerable estate, above ;^3o,ooo a year in places
and employments, with ;^5 0,000 at interest. He had
married one daughter to the son of my Lord Treasurer
Godolphin, another to the Earl of Sunderland, and a third
to the Earl of Bridgewater. He is a very handsome
person, well-spoken and affable, and supports his want of
acquired knowledge by keeping good company.

January, 1702-03. News of Vice-Admiral Benbow's con-
flict with the French fleet in the West Indies, in which
he gallantly behaved himself, and was wounded, and
would have had extraordinary success, had not four of his
men-of-war stood spectators without coming to his assist-
ance; for this, two of their commanders were tried by a
Council of War, and executed;* a third was condemned
to perpetual imprisonment, loss of pay, and incapacity
to serve in future. The fourth died.

Sir Richard Onslow and Mr. Oglethorpe (son of the
late Sir Theo. O.) fought on occasion of some words
which passed at a committee of the House. Mr. Ogle-
thorpe was disarmed. The Bill against occasional con-
formity was lost by one vote. Corn and provisions so
cheap that the farmers are unable to pay their rents.

February, 1703. A famous cause at the King's Bench
between Mr. Fenwick and his wife, which went for him
with a great estate. The Duke of Marlborough lost his
only son at Cambridge by the smallpox. A great earth-
quake at Rome, etc. A famous young woman, an Italian,
was hired by our comedians to sing on the stage, dur-

* The Captains Kirby and Wade, having been tried and condemned
to die by a court-martial held on them in the West Indies, were sent
home in the « Bristol ; » and, on its arrival at Portsmouth were both
shot on board, not being suffered to land on English ground.



I702-O3 JOHN EVELYN 361

ing so many plays, for which they gave her ;^5oo;
which part by her voice alone at the end of three scenes
she performed with such modesty and grace, and above
all with such skill, that there was never any who did
anything comparable with their voices. She was to go
home to the Court of the King of Prussia, and I believe
carried with her out of this vain nation above ;^ 1,000,
everybody coveting to hear her at their private houses.

26th May, 1703. This day died Mr. Samuel Pepys, a
very worthy, industrious and curious person, none in
England exceeding him in knowledge of the navy, in
which he had passed through all the most considerable
offices. Clerk of the Acts and Secretary of the Admiralty,
all which he performed with great integrity. When
King James II. went out of England, he laid down his
office, and would serve no more; but withdrawing him-
self from all public affairs, he lived at Clapham with his
partner, Mr. Hewer, formerly his clerk, in a very noble
house and sweet place, where he enjoyed the fruit of
his labors in great prosperity. He was universally be-
loved, hospitable, generous, learned in many things,
skilled in music, a very great cherisher of learned men
of whom he had the conversation. His library and col-
lection of other curiosities were of the most consider-
able, the models of ships especially. Besides what he
published of an account of the navy, as he found and
left it, he had for divers years under his hand the His-
tory of the Navy, or Navalia^ as he called it; but how
far advanced, and what will follow of his, is left, I sup-
pose, to his sister's son, Mr. Jackson, a young gentle-
man, whom Mr. Pepys had educated in all sorts
of useful learning, sending him to travel abroad, from
whence he returned with extraordinary accomplishments,
and worthy to be heir. Mr. Pepys had been for near
forty years so much my particular friend, that Mr. Jack-
son sent me complete mourning, desiring me to be one
to hold up the pall at his magnificent obsequies; but my
indisposition hindered me from doing him this last office.

13th June, 1703. Rains have been great and continual,
and now, near midsummer, cold and wet.

nth July, 1703. I went to Addiscombe, sixteen miles
from Wotton, to see my son-in-law's new house, the
outside, to the coving, being such excellent brickwork,



362 DIARY OF LONDON

based with Portland stone, with the pilasters, windows,
and within, that I pronounced it in all the points of good
and solid architecture to be one of the very best gentle-
men's houses in Surrey, when finished. I returned to
Wotton in the evening, though weary.

25th July, 1703. The last week in this month an un-
common long-continued rain, and the Sunday following,
thunder and lightning.

12th August, 1703. The new Commission for Green-
wich hospital was sealed and opened, at which my son-
in-law, Draper, was present, to whom I resigned my
office of Treasurer. From August 1696, there had been
expended in building jiC^9>3^4 ^4^- ^^■

31st October, 1703. This day, being eighty-three years
of age, upon examining what concerned me, more par-
ticularly the past year, with the great mercies of God
preserving me, and in the same measure making my
infirmities tolerable, I gave God most hearty and humble
thanks, beseeching him to confirm to me the pardon of
my sins past, and to prepare me for a better life by the
virtue of his grace and mercy, for the sake of my blessed
Savior.

2ist November, 1703. The wet and uncomfortable
weather staying us from church this morning, our Doctor
officiated in my family; at which were present above
twenty domestics. He made an excellent discourse on i
Cor. XV., V. 55, 56, of the vanity of this world and uncer-
tainty of life, and the inexpressible happiness and satis-
faction of a holy life, with pertinent inferences to prepare
us for death and a future state. I gave him thanks, and
told him I took it kindly as my funeral sermon.

26-7th November, 1703. The effects of the hurricane
and tempest of wind, rain, and lightning, through all
the nation, especially London, were very dismal. Many
houses demolished, and people killed. As to my own
losses, the subversion of woods and timber, both orna-
mental and valuable, through my whole estate, and about
my house the woods crowning the garden mount, the
growing along the park meadow, the damage to my own
dwelling, farms, and outhouses, is almost tragical, not to
be paralleled, with anything happening in our age. I
am not able to describe it; but submit to the pleasure
of Almighty God.



1703-04 JOHN EVELYN 363

7th December, 1703. I removed to Dover Street, where
I found all well; but houses, trees, garden, etc., at Sayes
Court, suffered very much.

31st December, 1703. I made up my accounts, paid
wages, gave rewards and New Year's gifts, according to
custom.

January, 1703-04. The King of Spain* landing at Ports-
mouth, came to Windsor, where he was magnificently
entertained by the Queen, and behaved himself so nobly,
that everybody was taken with his graceful deportment.
After two days, having presented the great ladies,
and others, with valuable jewels, he went back to Ports-
mouth, and immediately embarked for Spain.

1 6th January, 1704. The Lord Treasurer gave my
grandson the office of Treasurer of the Stamp Duties,
with a salary of ^^300 a year.

30th January, 1704. The fast on the Martyrdom of
King Charles I, was observed with more than usual
solemnity.

May, 1704. Dr. Bathurst, President of Trinity College,
Oxford, now died,f I think the oldest acquaintance now
left me in the world. He was eighty-six years of age,
stark blind, deaf, and memory lost, after having been a
person of admirable parts and learning. This is a seri-
ous alarm to me. God grant that I may profit by it!
He built a very handsome chapel to the college, and his
own tomb. He gave a legacy of money, and a third part
of his library, to his nephew, Dr. Bohun, who went hence
to his funeral.

7th September, 1704. This day was celebrated the thanks-
giving for the late great victory, J with the utmost pomp
and splendor by the Queen, Court, great Officers, Lords
Mayor, Sheriffs, Companies, etc. The streets were scaf-
folded from Temple Bar, where the Lord Mayor presented
her Majesty with a sword, which she returned. Every
company was ranged under its banners, the city militia
without the rails, which were all hung with cloth suitable

* Charles III., afterward Emperor of Germany, by the title of
Charles VI.

f There is a very good Life of him, with his portrait prefixed, by
Thomas Warton, Fellow of Trinity College, and Poetry Professor at
Oxford.

X Over the French and Bavarians, at Blenheim, 13th August, 1704.



364 DIARY OF LONDON

to the color of the banner. The Lord Mayor, Sheriffs,
and Aldermen were in their scarlet robes, with capari-
soned horses; the Knight Marshal on horseback; the Foot-
Guards; the Queen in a rich coach with eight horses,
none with her but the Duchess of Marlborough in a very-
plain garment, the Queen full of jewels. Music and
trumpets at every city company. The great officers of
the Crown, Nobility, and Bishops, all in coaches with six
horses, besides innumerable servants, went to St. Paul's,
where the Dean preached. After this, the Queen went
back in the same order to St. James's. The city companies
feasted all the Nobility and Bishops, and illuminated at
night. Music for the church and anthems composed by
the best masters. The day before was wet and stormy,
but this was one of the most serene and calm days that
had been all the year.

October, 1704. The year has been very plentiful.

31st October, 1704. Being my birthday and the 84th
year of my life, after particular reflections on my concerns
and passages of the year, I set some considerable time
of this day apart, to recollect and examine my state and
condition, giving God thanks, and acknowledging his
infinite mercies to me and mine, begging his blessing,
and imploring his protection for the year following.

December, 1704. Lord Clarendon presented me with
the three volumes of his father's " History of the Rebel-
lion. »

My Lord of Canterbury wrote to me for suffrage for
Mr. Clarke's continuance this year in the Boyle Lecture,
which I willingly gave for his excellent performance of
this year.

9th February, 1704. I went to wait on my Lord Treas-
urer, where was the victorious Duke of Marlborough, who
came to me and took me by the hand with extraordinary
familiarity and civility, as formerly he was used to do,
without any alteration of his good-nature. He had a
most rich George in a sardonyx set with diamonds of
very great value; for the rest, very plain. I had not
seen him for some years, and believed he might have
forgotten me.

2 1 St February, 1704. Remarkable fine weather. Agues
and smallpox much in every place.

nth March, 1704. An exceedingly dry season. Great



1704-05 JOHN EVELYN 365

loss by fire, burning the outhouses and famous stable of
the Earl of Nottingham, at Burleigh [Rutlandshire], full
of rich goods and furniture, by the carelessness of a serv-
ant. A little before, the same happened at Lord Pem-
broke's, at Wilton. The old Countess of Northumberland,
Dowager of Algernon Percy, Admiral of the fleet to
King Charles I., died in the 83d year of her age. She
was sister to the Earl of Suffolk, and left a great estate,
her jointure to descend to the Duke of Somerset.

May, 1704. The Bailiff of Westminster hanged him-
self. He had an ill report.

On the death of the Emperor, there was no mourning
worn at Court, because there was none at the Imperial
Court on the death of King William.

1 8th May, 1704. I went to see Sir John Chardin, at
Turnham Green, the gardens being very fine, and exceed-
ingly well planted with fruit.

20th May, 1704. Most extravagant expense to debauch
and corrupt votes for Parliament members. I sent my
.grandson with his party of my freeholders to vote for
Mr. Harvey, of Combe.

4th January, 1704-05. I dined at Lambeth with the
Archbishop of Dublin, Dr. King, a sharp and ready man
in politics, as well as very learned.

June, 1705. The season very dry and hot. I went
to see Dr. Dickinson the famous chemist. We had long
conversation about the philosopher's elixir, which he be-
lieved attainable, and had seen projection himself by one
who went under the name of Mundanus, who sometimes
came along among the adepts, but was unknown as to
his country, or abode; of this the doctor had written a
treatise in Latin, full of very astonishing relations. He
is a very learned person, formerly a Fellow of St. John's
College, Oxford, in which city he practiced physic, but
has now altogether given it over, and lives retired, being
very old and infirm, yet continuing chemistry.

I went to Greenwich hospital, where they now began
to take in wounded and worn-out seamen, who are ex-
ceedingly well provided for. The buildings now going
on are very magnificent.

October, 1705. Mr. Cowper made Lord Keeper. Ob-
serving how uncertain great officers are of continuing
long in their places, he would not accept it, unless



366 DIARY OF London

;,^2,ooo a year were given him in reversion when he was
put out, in consideration of his loss of practice. His pred-
ecessors, how little time soever they had the Seal, usually
got ;;^ioo,ooo and made themselves Barons. A new Sec-
retary of State. Lord Abington, Lieutenant of the Tower,
displaced, and General Churchill, brother to the Duke of
Marlborough, put in. An indication of great unsteadi-
ness somewhere, but thus the crafty Whig party (as
called) begin to change the face of the Court, in oppo-
sition to the High Churchmen, which was another
distinction of a party from the Low Churchmen. The Par-
liament chose one Mr. Smith, Speaker. There had never
been so great an assembly of members on the first day
of sitting, being more than 450. The votes both of the
old, as well as the new, fell to those called Low Church-
men, contrary to all expectation.

31st October, 1705. I am this day arrived to the 85th
year of my age. Lord teach me so to number my days
to come, that I may apply them to wisdom!

ist January, 1705-06. Making up my accounts for the
pasc year, paid bills, wages, and New Year's gifts, accord-
ing to custom. Though much indisposed and in so ad-
vanced a stage, I went to our chapel [in London] to
give God public thanks, beseeching Almighty God to
assist me and my family the ensuing year, if he should
yet continue my pilgrimage here, and bring me at last
to a better life with him in his heavenly kingdom.
Divers of our friends and relations dined with us this day.

27th January, 1706. My indisposition increasing, I was
exceedingly ill this whole week.

3d February, 1706. Notes of the sermons at the chapel
in the morning and afternoon, written with his own hand,
conclude this Diary.*

*Mr, Evelyn died on the 27th of this month.
END OF THE DIARY.



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