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his Majesty at dinner. In the afternoon, I went again
with my Vv'ife to the Duchess of Newcastle, who received
her in a kind of transport, suitable to her extravagant
humor and dress, which was very singular.

8th May, 1667. Made up accounts with our Receiver,
which amounted to ;£ 33,936 is. 4d. Dined at Lord Corn-
bury's, with Don Francisco de Melos, Portugal Ambassador,
and kindred to the Queen : Of the party were Mr. Henry
Jermyn and Sir Henry Capel. Afterward I went to
Arundel House, to salute Mr. Howard's sons, newly re-
turned out of France.



i667 JOHN EVELYN 33

nth May, 1667. To London; dined with the Duke of
Newcastle, and sat- discoursing with her Grace in her bed-
chamber after dinner, till my Lord Marquis of Dorchester,
with other company came in, when I went away.

30th May, 1667. To London, to wait on the Duchess of
Newcastle (who was a mighty pretender to learning,
poetry, and philosophy, and had in both published divers
books) to the Royal Society, whither she came in great
pomp, and being received by our Lord President at the
door of our meeting- room, the mace, etc., carried before
him, had several experiments shown to her. I conducted
her Grace to her coach, and returned home.

I St June, 1667. I went to Greenwich, where his Majesty
was trying divers grenadoes shot out of cannon at the
Castlehill, from the house in the park; they broke not till
they hit the mark, the forged ones broke not at all, but
the cast ones very well. The inventor was a German there
present. At the same time, a ring was shown to the
King, pretended to be a projection of mercury, and mal-
leable, and said by the gentlemen to be fixed by the juice
of a plant.

8th June, 1667. To London, alarmed by the Dutch,
who were fallen on our fleet at Chatham, by a most
audacious enterprise, entering the very river with part of
their fleet, doing us not only disgrace, but incredible mis-
chief in burning several of our best men-of-war lying at
anchor and moored there, and all this through our unac-
countable negligence in not setting out our fleet in due
time. This alarm caused me, fearing the enemy might
venture up the Thames even to London (which they
might have done with ease, and fired all the vessels in
the river, too), to send away my best goods, plate, etc.,
from my house to another place. The alarm was so great
that it put both country and city into fear, panic, and
consternation, such as I hope I shall never see more;
everybody was flying, none knew why or whither. Now,
there were land forces dispatched with the Duke of Albe-
marle, Lord Middleton, Prince Rupert, and the Duke, to
hinder the Dutch coming to Chatham, fortifying Upnor
Castle, and laying chains and bombs; but the resolute
enemy broke through all, and set fire on our ships, and
retreated in spite, stopping up the Thames, the rest of the
fleet lying before the mouth of it.
3



34 DIARY OF Chatham

14th June, 1667. I went to see the work at Woolwich,
a battery to prevent them coming up to London, which
Prince Rupert commanded, and sunk some ships in the
river.

17th June, 1667. This night, about two o'clock, some
chips and combustible matter prepared for some fire-
ships, taking flame in Deptford-yard, made such a blaze,
and caused such an uproar in the Tower (it being given
out that the Dutch fleet was come up, and had landed
their men and fired the Tower), as had liked to have
done more mischief before people would be persuaded
to the contrary and believe the accident. Everybody
went to their arms. These were sad and troublesome times.

24th June, 1667. The Dutch fleet still continuing to
stop up the river, so as nothing could stir out or come in,
I was before the Council, and commanded by his Majesty
to go with some others and search about the environs of
the city, now exceedingly distressed for want of fuel,
whether there could be any peat, or turf, found fit for use.
The next day, I went and discovered enough, and made
my report that there might be found a great deal; but
nothing further was done in it.

28th June, 1667. I went to Chatham, and thence to view
not only what mischief the Dutch had done; but how tri-
umphantly their whole fleet lay within the very mouth of
the Thames, all from the North Fore-land, Margate, even
to the buoy of the Nore — a dreadful spectacle as ever
Englishmen saw, and a dishonor never to be wiped off!
Those who advised his Majesty to prepare no fleet this
spring deserved — I know what — but* —

Here in the river off Chatham, just before the town, lay
the carcase of the ^* London*^ (now the third time burnt),
the " Royal Oak,*^ the ** James, '^ etc., yet smoking; and now,
when the mischief was done, we were making trifling
forts on the brink of the river. Here were yet forces,
both of horse and foot, with General Middleton continually
expecting the motions of the enemy's fleet. I had much

* « The Parliament giving but weak supplies for the war, the King,
to save charges, is persuaded by the Chancellor, the Lord Treasurer,
Southampton, the Duke of Albemarle, and the other ministers, to lay
up the first and second-rate ships, and make only a defensive war in
the next campaign. The Duke of York opposed this, but was over-
ruled." Life of King James II., vol. i.,p. 425.



i667 JOHN EVELYN 35

discourse with him, who was an experienced commander.
I told him I wondered the King did not fortify Sheemess*
and the Ferry; both abandoned.

2d July, 1667. Called upon my Lord Arlington, as from
his Majesty, about the new fuel. The occasion why I was
mentioned, was from what I said in my Sylva three years
before, about a sort of fuel for a need, which obstructed a
patent of Lord Carlingford, who had been seeking for it
himself; he was endeavoring to bring me into the pro-
ject, and proffered me a share, I met my Lord; and, on
the 9th, by an order of Council, went to my Lord Mayor,
to be assisting. In the meantime they had made an ex-
periment of my receipt of houllies, which I mention in my
book to be made at Maestricht, with a mixture of charcoal
dust and loam, and which was tried with success at Gresham
College (then being the exchange for the meeting of the
merchants since the fire) for everybody to see. This
done, I went to the Treasury for ^12,000 for the sick and
wounded yet on my hands.

Next day, we met again about the fuel at Sir J. Ar-
mourer's in the Mews.

8th July, 1667. My Lord Brereton and others dined at
my house, where I showed them proof of my new fuel,
which was very glowing, and without smoke or ill
smell.

loth July, 1667. I went to see Sir Samuel Morland's
inventions and machines, arithmetical wheels, quench-fires,
and new harp.

17th July, 1667. The master of the mint and his lady,
Mr. Williamson, Sir Nicholas Armourer, Sir Edward Bow-
yer, Sir Anthony Auger, and other friends dined with
me.

29th July, 1667. I went to Gravesend; the Dutch fleet
still at anchor before the river, where I saw five of his
Majesty's men-at-war encounter above twenty of the
Dutch, in the bottom of the Hope, chasing them with
many broadsides given and returned toward the buoy of
the Nore, where the body of their fleet lay, which lasted
till about midnight. One of their ships was fired, sup-
posed by themselves, she being run on ground. Having
seen this bold action, and their braving us so far up the
river, I went home the next day, not without indignation

* Since done. Evelyn's note.



36 DIARY OF London

at our negligence, and the nation's reproach. It is well
known who of the Commissioners of the Treasury gave
advice that the charge of setting forth a fleet this year
might be spared, Sir W. C. (William Coventry) by
name.

ist August, 1667. I received the sad news of Abraham
Cowley's death, that incomparable poet and virtuous man,
my very dear friend, and was greatly deplored.

3d August, 1667. Went to Mr. Cowley's funeral, whose
corpse lay at Wallingford House, and was thence conveyed
to Westminster Abbey in a hearse with six horses and all
funeral decency, near a hundred coaches of noblemen and
persons of quality following; among these, all the wits of
the town, divers bishops and clergymen. He was interred
next Geoffry Chaucer, and near Spenser. A goodly mon-
ument is since erected to his memory.

Now did his Majesty again dine in the presence, in
ancient state, with music and all the court ceremonies,
which had been interrupted since the late war.

8th August, 1667. Visited Mr. Oldenburg, a close
prisoner in the Tower, being suspected of writing intel-
ligence. I had an order from Lord Arlington, Secretary
of State, which caused me to be admitted. This gentle-
man was secretary to our Society, and I am confident
will prove an innocent person.

15th August, 1667. Finished my account, amounting to
;^25,ooo.

17th August 1667. To the funeral of Mr. Farringdon,
a relation of my wife's.

There was now a very gallant horse to be baited to
death with dogs ; but he fought them all, so as the fiercest
of them could not fasten on him, till the men run him
through with their swords. This wicked and barbarous
sport deserved to have been punished in the cruel con-
trivers to get money, under pretense that the horse had
killed a man, which was false. I would not be persuaded
to be a spectator.

2ist August, 1667. Saw the famous Italian puppet-play,
for it was no other.

24th August, 1667. I was appointed, with the rest of
my brother commissioners, to put in execution an order
of Council for freeing the prisoners at war in my custody
at Leeds Castle, and taking off his Majesty's extraordinary



1 667 • JOHN EVELYN 37

charge, having called before us the French and Dutch
agents. The peace was now proclaimed, in the usual form,
by the heralds-at-arms.

25th August, 1667. After evening service, I went to
visit Mr, Vaughan, who lay at Greenwich, a very wise and
learned person, one of Mr. Selden's executors and intimate
friends.

27th August, 1667. Visited the Lord Chancellor, to whom
his Majesty had sent for the seals a few days before; I
found him in his bedchamber, very sad. The Parliament
had accused him, and he had enemies at Court, especially
the buffoons and ladies of pleasure, because he thwarted
some of them, and stood in their way; I could name some
of the chief. The truth is, he made few friends during
his grandeur among the royal sufferers, but advanced the
old rebels. He was, however, though no considerable law-
yer, one who kept up the form and substance of things
in the Nation with more solemnity than some would have
had. He was my particular kind friend, on all occasions.
The cabal, however, prevailed, and that party in Parlia-
ment. Great division at Court concerning him, and divers
great persons interceding for him.

28th August, 1667. I dined with my late Lord Chan-
cellor, where also dined Mr. Ashburnham, and Mr. W.
Legge, of the bedchamber; his Lordship pretty well in
heart, though now many of his friends and sycophants
abandoned him.

In the afternoon, to the Lords Commissioners for money,
and thence to the audience of a Russian Envoy in the
Queen's presence-chamber, introduced with much state,
the soldiers, pensioners, and guards in their order. His
letters of credence brought by his secretary in a scarf
of sarsenet, their vests sumptuous, much embroidered with
pearls. He delivered his speech in the Russ language,
but without the least action, or motion, of his body, which
was immediately interpreted aloud by a German that spoke
good English: half of it consisted in repetition of the
Czar's titles, which were very haughty and oriental: the
substance of the rest was, that he was only sent to see the
King and Queen, and know how they did, with much com-
pliment and frothy language. Then, they kissed their
Majesties' hands, and went as they came; but their real
errand was to get money.



38 DIARY OF London

29th Aug^ust, 1667. We met at the Star-chamber about
exchange and release of prisoners.

7th September, 1667. Came Sir John Kiviet, to article
with me about his brickwork.

13th September, 1667. Between the hours of twelve and
one, was born my second daughter, who was afterward
christened Elizabeth.

19th September, 1667. To London, with Mr. Henry-
Howard, of Norfolk, of whom I obtained the gift of his
Arundelian marbles, those celebrated and famous inscrip-
tions, Greek and Latin, gathered with so much cost and
industry from Greece, by his illustrious grandfather, the
magnificent Earl of Arundel, my noble friend while he
lived. When I saw these precious monuments miserahly
neglected, and scattered up and down about the garden,
and other parts of Arundel House, and how exceedingly
the corrosive air of London impaired them, I procured
him to bestow them on the University of Oxford. This
he was pleased to grant me; and now gave me the key
of the gallery, with leave to mark all those stones, urns,
altars, etc., and whatever I found had inscriptions on
them, that were not statues. This I did; and getting them
removed and piled together, with those which were in-
crusted in the garden walls, I sent immediately letters to
the Vice-Chancellor of what I had procured, and that if
they esteemed it a service to the University (of which I
had been a member), they should take order for their
transportation.

This done 21st, I accompanied Mr. Howard to his villa
at Albury, where I designed for him the plot of his canal
and garden, with a crypt through the hill.

24th September, 1667. Returned to London, where I
had orders to deliver the possession of Chelsea College
(used as my prison during the war with Holland for such
as were sent from the fleet to London) to our Society, as
a gift of his Majesty, our founder.

8th October, 1667. Came to dine with me Dr. Bathurst,
Dean of Wells, President of Trinity College, sent by the
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford, in the name both of him and
the whole University, to thank me for procuring the in-
scriptions, and to receive my directions what was to be
done to show their gratitude to Mr. Howard.

nth October, 1667. I went to see Lord Clarendon, late



i667 JOHN EVELYN 39

Lord Chancellor and greatest officer in England, in con-
tinual apprehension what the Parliament would determine
concerning him.

17 th October, 1667, Came Dr. Barlow, Provost of
Queen's College and Protobibliothecus of the Bodleian
library, to take order about the transportation of the
marbles.

25th October, 1667, There were delivered to me two
letters from the Vice- Chancellor of Oxford, with the
Decree of the Convocation, attested by the Public Notary,
ordering four Doctors of Divinity and Law to acknowledge
the obligation the University had to me for procuring the
Marmora Arundeliana, which was solemnly done by Dr.
Barlow, Dr. Jenkins, Judge of the Admiralty, Dr. Lloyd,
and Obadiah Walker, of University College, who having
made a large compliment from the University, delivered
me the decree fairly written:

Gesta venerabtlt domo Convocationis Universitatis Oxon.; . . 17.
1667. ^tio die retulit ad Senatum Academicum Dominus Vicecancel-
larius, quantU7n Universitas deberet singulari benevolentice Johannis
Evelini Armigeri, qui fro ed pietate qud Almani Matrem prosequitur
no7t solum Suasu et Consilio apud inclytum Heroem Henricunt Howard,
Ducis JVorfolcicE hceredem, intercessit, et Universitati pretiosissitnum
eruditcB antiquitatis thesauru7n Marmora Arundeliana largiretur ; sed
egregium insuper in ijs coUigendis asservandisq; navavit operam '. ^ua-
propter unani7ni suffragio Venerabilis Domlls decretum est, ut eidem
publiccB graticB per delegatos ad Ho7ioratissi77tu7n Do7ninu7n Henricum
Hoivard propedie77i mittetidos solemTtithr reddaTttur.

CoTtcordant superscripia cum originali coUatio7ie facta per me Ben.
Cooper,

Notarium Publicum et Registarium Universitat Oxon.

«Sir:

« We intend also a noble inscription, in which also honorable mention
shall be made of yourself ; but Mr. Vice-Chancellor commands me to
tell you that that was not sufficient for your merits ; but, that if your
occasions would permit you to come down at the Act (when we intend
a dedication of our new Theater), some other testimony should be given
both of your own worth and affection to this your old mother; for we
are all very sensible that this great addition of learning and reputation
to the University is due as well to your industrious care for the Univer-
sity, and interest with my Lord Howard, as to his great nobleness and
generosity of spirit.

« I am. Sir, your most humble servant,

« Obadiah Walker, Univ. Coll.>>

The Vice-Chancellor's letter to the same effect was too
vainglorious to insert, with divers copies of verses that



40 DIARY OF London

were also sent me. Their mentioning me in the inscrip-
tion I totally declined, when I directed the titles of Mr.
Howard, now made Lord, upon his Ambassage to
Morocco.

These four doctors, having made me this compliment,
desired me to carry and introduce them to Mr. Howard,
at Arundel House ; which I did, Dr. Barlow ( Provost of
Queen's) after a short speech, delivering a larger letter of
the University's thanks, which was written in Latin, ex-
pressing the great sense they had of the honor done them.
After this compliment handsomely performed and as nobly
received. Mr. Howard accompanied the doctors to their
coach. That evening I supped with them.

26th October, 1667. My late Lord Chancellor was ac-
cused by Mr. Seymour in the House of Commons; and,
in the evening, I returned home.

31st October, 1667. My birthday — blessed be God for
all his mercies! I made the Royal Society a present of
the Table of Veins, Arteries, and Nerves, which great
curiosity I had caused to be made in Italy, out of the
natural human bodies, by a learned physician, and the help
of Veslingius (professor at Padua), from whence I brought
them in 1646. For this I received the public thanks of
the Society; and they are hanging up in their repository
with an inscription.

9th December, 1667, To visit the late Lord Chancellor.*
I found him in his garden at his new-built palace, sitting
in his gout wheel-chair, and seeing the gates setting up
toward the north and the fields. He looked and spake
very disconsolately. After some while deploring his con-
dition to me, I took my leave. Next morning, I heard he
v/as gone; though I am persuaded that, had he gone
sooner, though but to Cornbury, and there lain quiet, it
V\^ould have satisfied the Parliament. That which exas-
perated them was his presuming to stay and contest the

*This entry of the 9th December, 1667, is a mistake. Evelyn could
not have visited the > on that day. Lord Clar-
endon fled on Saturday, the 29th of November, 1667, and his letter
resigning the Chancellorship of the University of Oxford is dated from
Calais on the 7th of December. That Evelyn's book is not, in every
respect, strictly a diary, is shown by this and several similar passages
already adverted to in the remarks prefixed to the present edition. If
the entry of the 1 8th of August, 1683, is correct, the date of Evelyn's
last visit to Lord Clarendon was the 28th of November, 1667.



1667-68 JOHN EVELYN 41

accusation as long as it was possible: and they were on
the point of sendingf him to the Tower.

loth December, 1667, I wert to the funeral of Mrs.
Heath, wife of my worthy friend and schoolfellow.

2ist December, 1667. I saw one Carr pilloried at Char-
ing-cross for a libel, which was burnt before him by the
hangman.

8th January, 1667-68. I saw deep and prodigious gam-
ing at the Groom-Porter's, vast heaps of gold squandered
away in a vain and profuse manner. This I looked on as
a horrid vice, and unsuitable in a Christian Court.

9th January, 1668. Went to see the revels at the Middle
Temple, which is also an old riotous custom, and has rela-
tion neither to virtue nor policy.

loth January, 1668. To visit Mr. Povey, where were
divers great Lords to see his well-contrived cellar, and other
elegancies.

24th January, 1668. We went to stake out ground for
building a college for the Royal Society at Arundel-House,
but did not finish it, which we shall repent of.

4th February, 1668. I saw the tragedy of "Horace'^
(written by the virtuous Mrs. Philips) acted before their
Majesties. Between each act a masque and antique dance.
The excessive gallantry of the ladies was infinite, those
especially on that . . . Castlemaine, esteemed at ;^4o,-
000 and more, far outshining the Queen.

15th February, 1668. I saw the audience of the Swedish
Ambassador Count Donna, in great state in the banquet-
ing house.

3d March, 1668. Was launched at Deptford, that goodly
vessel, *^ The Charles. '* I was near his Majesty. She is
longer than the ^^ Sovereign, '* and carries no brass cannon;
she was built by old Shish, a plain, honest carpenter,
master-builder of this dock, but one who can give very
little account of his art by discourse, and is hardly capable
of reading, yet of great ability in his calling. The family
have been ship carpenters in this yard above 300
years.

12th March, 1668. Went to visit Sir John Cotton, who
had me into his library, full of good MvSS. , Greek and Latin,
but most famous for those of the Saxon and English
antiquities, collected by his grandfather.

2d April 1668. To the Royal Society, where I sub-



42 DIARY OF LONDON

scribed 50,000 bricks, toward building a college. Among
other libertine libels, there was one now printed and

thrown about, a bold petition of the poor w s to Lady

Castlemaine.*

9th April, 166S. To London, about finishing my grand
account of the sick and wounded, and prisoners at war,
amountirg to above ^34,000.

I heard Sir R. Howard impeach Sir William Penn, in
the House of Lords, for breaking bulk, and taking away
rich goods out of the East India prizes, formerly taken
by Lord Sandwich.

28th April, 1668. To London, about the purchase of
Ravensbourne Mills, and land around it, in Upper Dept-
ford, of one Mr. Becher.

30th April, 1668. We sealed the deeds in Sir Edward
Thurland's chambers in the Inner Temple. I pray God
bless it to me, it being a dear pennyworth; but the pas-
sion Sir R. Browne had for it, and that it was contiguous
to our other grounds, engaged me !

13th May, 1668. Invited by that expert commander,
Captain Cox, master of the lately built ** Charles II.,"
now the best vessel of the fleet, designed for the Duke of
York, I went to Erith, where we had a great dinner.

1 6th May, 1668. Sir Richard Edgecombe, of Mount
Edgecombe, by Plymouth, my relation, came to visit me;
a very virtuous and worthy gentleman.

19th June, 1668. To a new play with several of my
relations, " The Evening Lover, ** a foolish plot, and very
profane; it afflicted me to see how the stage was degen-
erated and polluted by the licentious times.

2d July, 1668. Sir Samuel Tuke, Bart., and the lady he
had married this day, came and bedded at night at my
house, many friends accompanying the bride.

23d July, 1668. At the Royal Society, were presented
divers glossa petras^ and other natural curiosities, found in
digging to build the fort at Sheerness. They were just
the same as they bring from Malta, pretending them to
be viper's teeth, whereas, in truth, they are of a shark, as
we found by comparing them with one in our reposi-
tory.

3d August, 1668. Mr. Bramstone (son to Judge B.),
my old fellow-traveler, now reader at the Middle Temple,

* Evelyn has been supposed himself to have written this piece.



i668 JOHN EVELYN 43

invited me to his feast, which was so very extravagant
and great as the like had not been seen at any time.
There were the Duke of Ormond, Privy Seal, Bedford,
Belasis, Halifax, and a world more of Earls and Lords.

14th August, 1668. His Majesty was pleased to grant
me a lease of a slip of ground out of Brick Close, to
enlarge my fore-court, for which I now gave him thanks;
then, entering into other discourse, he talked to me of a
new varnish for ships, instead of pitch, and of the gilding
with which his new yacht was beautified. I showed his
Majesty the perpetual motion sent to me by Dr. Stokes,
from Cologne; and then came in Monsieur Colbert, the
French Ambassador.

19th August, 1668. I saw the magnificent entry of the
French Ambassador Colbert, received in the banqueting
house. I had never seen a richer coach than that which
he came in to Whitehall. Standing by his Majesty at
dinner in the presence, there was of that rare fruit called
the king-pine, growing in Barbadoes and the West Indies;
the first of them I had ever seen. His Majesty having
cut it up, was pleased to give me a piece off his own



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