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not decently refuse.

Lord Stafford rose from the table, in some disorder,
because there were roses stuck about the fruit when the
dessert was set on the table ; such an antipathy, it seems,
he had to them as once Lady Selenger also had, and to
that degree that, as Sir Kenelm Digby tells us, laying
but a rose upon her cheek when she was asleep, it
raised a blister: but Sir Kenelm was a teller of strange
things.

24th June, 1670. Came the Earl of Huntington and
Countess, with the Lord Sherard, to visit us.

29th June, 1670. To London, in order to my niece's
marriage, Mary, daughter to my late brother Richard,
of Woodcot, with the eldest son of Mr. Attorney Mon-
tague, which was celebrated at Southampton-House chapel,
after which a magnificent entertainment, feast, and danc-
ing, dinner and supper, in the great room there; but the
bride was bedded at my sister's lodging, in Drury-Lane.

6th July, 1670. Came to visit me Mr. Stanhope, gen-

* Sir William Howard, created in November, 1640, Viscount Stafford.
In 1678. he was accused of complicity with the Popish Plot, and upon
trial by his Peers in "Westminster Hall, was found guilty, by a majority
of twenty-four. He was beheaded, December 29, 1680, on Tower Hill.



1670 JOHN EVELYN 55

tleman-usher to her Majesty, and uncle to the Earl of
Chesterfield, a very fine man, with my Lady Hutcheson.

19th July, 1670. I accompanied my worthy friend, that
excellent man, Sir Robert Murray, with Mr. Slingsby,
master of the mint, to ^see the latter's seat and estate
at Burrow-Green in Cambridgeshire, he desiring our
advice for placing a new house, which he was resolved
to build. We set out in a coach and six horses with
him and his lady, dined about midway at one Mr.
Turner's, where we found a very noble dinner, venison,
music, and a circle of country ladies and their gallants.
After dinner, we proceeded, and came to Burrow-Green
that night. This had been the ancient seat of the
Cheekes (whose daughter Mr. Slingsby married), formerly
tutor to King Henry VI. The old house large and ample,
and built for ancient hospitality, ready to fall down with
age, placed in a dirty hole, a stiff clay, no water, next
an adjoining church-yard, and with other inconveniences.
We pitched on a spot of rising ground, adorned with
venerable woods, a dry and sweet prospect east and
west, and fit for a park, but no running water; at a mile
distance from the old house.

20th July, 1670. We went to dine at Lord Allington's,
who had newly built a house of great cost, I believe a
little less than ;;^2o,ooo. His architect was Mr. Pratt. It
is seated in a park, with a sweet prospect and stately
avenue; but water still defective; the house has also its
infirmities. Went back to Mr. Slingsby's.

22d July, 1670. We rode out to see the great mere,
or level, of recovered fen land, not far off. In the way,
we met Lord Arlington going to his house in Suffolk,
accompanied with Count Ogniati, the Spanish minister,
and Sir Bernard Gascoigne; he was very importunate
with me to go with him to Euston, being but fifteen
miles distant; but, in regard of my company, I could
not. So, passing through Newmarket, we alighted to see
his Majesty's house there, now new-building; the arches
of the cellars beneath are well turned by Mr. Samuel,
the architect, the rest mean enough, and hardly fit for a
hunting house. Many of the rooms above had the chim-
neys in the angles and corners, a mode now introduced
by his Majesty, which I do at no hand approve of. I
predict it will spoil many noble houses and rooms, if



56 DIARY OP NEWMARKET

followed. It does only well in very small and trifling-
rooms, but takes from the state of greater. Besides, this
house is placed in a dirty street, without any court or
avenue, like a common one, whereas it might and ought
to have been built at either end of the town, upon the
very carpet where the sports are celebrated ; but, it being
the purchase of an old wretched house of my Lord
Thomond's, his Majesty was persuaded to set it on that
foundation, the most improper imaginable for a house of
sport and pleasure.

We went to see the stables and fine horses, of which
many were here kept at a vast expense, with all the art
and tenderness imaginable.

Being arrived at some meres, we found Lord Wotton
and Sir John Kiviet about their draining engines, having,
it seems, undertaken to do wonders on a vast piece of
marsh-ground they had hired of Sir Thomas Chicheley
(master of the ordnance). They much pleased them-
selves with the hopes of a rich harvest of hemp and cole-
seed, which was the crop expected.

Here we visited the engines and mills both for wind
and water, draining it through two rivers or graffs, cut
by hand, and capable of carrying considerable barges,
which went thwart one the other, discharging the water
into the sea. Such this spot had been the former winter;
it was astonishing to see it now dry, and so rich that
weeds grew on the banks, almost as high as a man and
horse. Here, my Lord and his partner had built two or
three rooms, with Flanders white bricks, very hard. One
of the great engines was in the kitchen, where I saw the
fish swim up, even to the very chimney hearth, by a
small cut through the room, and running within a foot
of the very fire.

Having, after dinner, ridden about that vast level,
pestered with heat and swarms of gnats, we returned
over Newmarket Heath, the way being mostly a sweet
turf and down, like Salisbury Plain, the jockeys breath-
ing their fine barbs and racers and giving them their heats.

23d July, 1670. We returned from Burrow Green to
London, staying some time at Audley End to see that
fine palace. It is indeed a cheerful piece of Gothic
building, or rather antico moderno, but placed in an ob-
scure bottom. The cellars and galleries are very stately.



i670 JOHN EVELYN 57

It has a river by it, a pretty avenue of limes, and in a
park.

This is in Saffron Walden parish, famous for that use-
ful plant, with which all the country is covered.

Dining at Bishop Stortford, we came late to London.

5th August, 1670. There was sent me by a neighbor a
servant maid, who, in the last month, as she was sitting
before her mistress at work, felt a stroke on her arm a
little above the wrist for some height, the smart of
which, as if struck by another hand, caused her to hold
her arm awhile till somewhat mitigated; but it put her
into a kind of convulsion, or rather hysteric fit. A
gentleman coming casually in, looking on her arm, found
that part powdered with red crosses, set in most exact
and wonderful order, neither swelled nor depressed,
about this shape,

X

X X

XXX

X X

X

not seeming to be any way made by artifice, of a reddish
color, not so red as blood, the skin over them smooth,
the rest of the arm livid and of a mortified hue, with
certain prints, as it were, of the stroke of fingers. This
had happened three several times in July, at about ten
days' interval, the crosses beginning to wear out, but
the successive ones set in other different, yet uniform
order The maid seemed very modest, and came from
London to Deptford with her mistress, to avoid the dis-
course and importunity of curious people. She made no
gain by it, pretended no religious fancies; but seemed
to be a plain, ordinary, silent, working wench, some-
what fat, short, and high-colored. She told me divers
divines and physicians had seen her, but were unsatisfied ;
that she had taken some remedies against her fits, but
they did her no good; she had never before had any
fits; once since, she seemed in her sleep to hear one say
to her that she should tamper no more with them, nor
trouble herself with anything that happened, but put her
trust in the merits of Christ only.

This is the substance of what she told me, and what I
saw and curiously examined. I was formerly acquainted



58 DIARY OF LONDON

with the impostorious nuns of Loiidun, in France, which
made such noise among the Papists; I therefore thought
this worth the notice. I remember Monsieur Monconys *
(that curious traveler and a Roman Catholic) was by no
means satisfied with the stigmata of those nuns, because
they were so shy of letting him scrape the letters, which
were Jesus, Maria, Joseph (as I think), observing they
began to scale off with it, whereas this poor wench was
willing to submit to any trial ; so that I profess I know not
what to think of it, nor dare I pronounce it anything
supernatural.

2oth August, 1670. At Windsor I supped with the
Duke of Monmouth; and, the next day, invited by Lord
Arlington, dined with the same Duke and divers Lords.
After dinner my Lord and I had a conference of more
than an hour alone in his bedchamber, to engage me
in the History. I showed him something that I had
drawn up, to his great satisfaction, and he desired me to
show it to the Treasurer.

28th August, 1670. One of the Canons preached; then
followed the offering of the Knights of the Order, accord-
ing to custom; first the poor Knights, in procession,
then, the Canons in their formalities, the Dean and
Chancellor, then his Majesty (the Sovereign), the Duke
of York, Prince Rupert; and, lastly, the Earl of Oxford,
being all the Knights that were then at Court.

I dined with the Treasurer, and consulted with him
what pieces I was to add; in the afternoon the King
took me aside into the balcony over the terrace, ex-
tremely pleased with what had been told him I had begun,
in order to his commands, and enjoining me to proceed
vigorously in it. He told me he had ordered the Secre-
taries of State to give me all necessary assistance of
papers and particulars relating to it and enjoining me to
make it a little keen, for that the Hollanders had very
unhandsomely abused him in their pictures, books, and
libels.

Windsor was now going to be repaired, being ex-
ceedingly ragged and ruinous. Prince Rupert, the Con-

*Balthasar de Monconys, a Frenchman, celebrated for his travels
in the East, which he published in three volumes. His object was to
discover vestiges of the philosophy of Trismegistus and Zoroaster;
in which, it is hardly necessary to add, he was not very successfuL



i67o JOHN EVELYN 59

stable, had begun to trim up the keep or high round
Tower, and handsomely adorned his hall with furniture
of arms, which was very singular, by so disposing the
pikes, muskets, pistols, bandoleers, holsters, drums, back,
breast, and headpieces, as was very extraordinary. Thus,
those huge steep stairs ascending to it had the walls in-
vested with this martial furniture, all new and bright,
so disposing the bandoleers, holsters, and drums, as to
represent festoons, and that without any confusion,
trophy-like. From the hall we went into his bedcham-
ber, and ample rooms hung with tapestry, curious and
effeminate pictures, so extremely different from the
other, which presented nothing but war and horror.

The King passed most of his time in hunting the
stag, and walking in the park, which he was now plant-
ing with rows of trees.

13th September, 1670. To visit Sir Richard Lashford,
my kinsman, and Mr. Charles Howard, at his extraordi-
nary garden, at Deepden.

15th September, 1670. I went to visit Mr. Arthur
Onslow, at West Clandon, a pretty dry seat on the Downs,
where we dined in his great room.

17th September, 1670. To visit Mr. Hussey, who, being
near Wotton, lives in a sweet valley, deliciously watered.

23d September, 1670. To Albury, to see how that gar-
den proceeded, which I found exactly done to the design
and plot I had made, with the crypta through the moun-
tain in the park, thirty perches in length. Such a Pausil-
ippe * is nowhere in England. The canal was now digging,
and the vineyard planted.

14th October, 1670. I spent the whole afternoon in
private with the Treasurer who put into my hands those
secret pieces and transactions concerning the Dutch war,
and particularly the expedition of Bergen, in which he
had himself the chief part, and gave me instructions, till
the King arriving from Newmarket, we both went up
into his bedchamber.

2 1 St October, 1670. Dined with the Treasurer; and,
after dinner, we were shut up together. I received other
[further] advices, and ten paper books of dispatches and
treaties; to return which again I gave a note under my

*A word adopted by Evelyn for a subterranean passage, from the
famous gfrot of Pausilippo, at Naples.



6o DIARY OF London

hand to Mr. Joseph Williamson, Master of the Paper
office.

31st October, 1670. I was this morning fifty years of
age; the Lord teach me to number my days so as to
apply them to his glory! Amen.

4th November, 1670. Saw the Prince of Orange, newly
come to see the King, his uncle; he has a manly, cour-
ageous, wise countenance, resembling his mother and the
Duke of Gloucester, both deceased.

I now also saw that famous beauty, but in my opinion
of a childish, simple, and baby face. Mademoiselle Querou-
aille,* lately Maid of Honor to Madame, and now to be
so to the Queen.

23d November, 1670. Dined with the Earl of Arlington,
where was the Venetian Ambassador, of whom I now took
solemn leave, now on his return. There were also Lords
Howard, Wharton, Windsor, and divers other great persons.

24th November, 1670. I dined with the Treasurer,
where was the Earl of Rochester, a very profane wit.

15th December, 1670. It was the thickest and darkest
fog on the Thames that was ever known in the memory
of man, and I happened to be in the very midst of it. I
supped with Monsieur Zulestein, late Governor to the late
Prince of Orange.

loth January, 1670-71. Mr. Bohun, my son's tutor,
had been five years in my house, and now Bachelor of
Laws, and Fellow of New College, went from me to
Oxford to reside there, having well and faithfully per-
formed his charge.

i8th January, 167 1. This day I first acquainted his
Majesty with that incomparable young man, Gibbon, f
whom I had lately met with in an obscure place by
mere accident, as I was walking near a poor solitary
thatched house, in a field in our parish, near Sayes
Court. I found him shut in; but looking in at the win-

* Henrietta, the King's sister, married to Philip, Duke of Orleans,
was then on a visit here. Madame Querouaille came over in her train,
on purpose to entice Charles into an union with Louis XIV. ; a desigfn
which unhappily succeeded but too well. She became the King's mis-
tress, was made Duchess of Portsmouth, and was his favorite till his
death.

\ Better known by the name of Grinling Gibbon ; celebrated for his
exquisite carving. Some of his most astonishing work is at Chatsworth
and at Petworth.



1670-71 JOHN EVELYN 61

dow, I perceived him carving that large cartoon, or
crucifix, of Tintoretto, a copy of which I had myself
brought from Venice, where the original painting re-
mains. I asked if I might enter; he opened the door
civilly to me, and I saw him about such a work as for
the curiosity of handling, drawing, and studious exact-
ness, I never had before seen in all my travels. I
questioned him why he worked in such an obscure and
lonesome place; he told me it was that he might apply
himself to his profession without interruption, and
wondered not a little how I found him out. I asked if
he was unwilling to be made known to some great man,
for that I believed it might turn to his profit; he
answered, he was yet but a beginner, but would not be
sorry to sell off that piece; on demanding the price, he
said ;!^ioo. In good earnest, the very frame was worth
the money, there being nothing in nature so tender and
delicate as the flowers and festoons about it, and yet
the work was very strong; in the piece was more than
one hundred figures of men, etc. I found he was
likewise musical, and very civil, sober, and discreet
in his discourse. There was only an old woman in the
house. So, desiring leave to visit him sometimes, I
went away.

Of this young artist, together with my manner of
finding him out, I acquainted the King, and begged
that he would give me leave to bring him and his work
to Whitehall, for that I would adventure my reputation
with his Majesty that he had never seen anything ap-
proach it, and that he would be exceedingly pleased,
and employ him. The King said he would himself go
see him. This was the first notice his Majesty ever had
of Mr. Gibbon.

20th January, 167 1. The King came to me in the
Queen's withdrawing-room from the circle of ladies, to
talk with me as to what advance I had made in the
Dutch History. I dined with the Treasurer, and after-
ward we went to the Secretary's Office, where we con-
ferred about divers particulars.

21st January, 1671. I was directed to go to Sir George
Downing, who having been a public minister in Holland,
at the beginning of the war, was to give me light in some
material passages.



62 DIARY OF LONDON

This year the 'weather was so wet, stormy, and un-
seasonable, as had not been known in many years.

9th February, 1671. I saw the great ball danced by
the Queen and distingfuished ladies at Whitehall Theater.
Next day; was acted there the famous play, called, ** The
Siege of Granada,'* two days acted successiv^ely ; there
were indeed very glorious scenes and perspectives, the
work of Mr. Streeter, who well understands it.*

19th February, 167 1. This day dined with me Mr. Sur-
veyor, Dr. Christopher Wren, and Mr. Pepys, Clerk of
the Acts, two extraordinary, ingenious, and knowing
persons, and other friends. I carried them to see the
piece of carving which I had recommended to the King.

25th February, 1671. Came to visit me one of the
Lords Commissioners of Scotland for the Union.

28th February, 167 1. The Treasurer acquainted me
that his Majesty was graciously pleased to nominate me
one of the Council of Foreign Plantations, and give
me a salary of ;^5oo per annum, to encourage me.

29th February, 1671. I went to thank the Treasurer,
who was my great friend and loved me; I dined with
him and much company, and went thence to my Lord
Arlington, Secretary of State, in whose favor I likewise
was upon many occasions, though I cultivated neither of
their friendships by any mean submissions. I kissed his
Majesty's hand, on his making me one of the new-estab-
lished Council.

ist March, 1671. I caused Mr. Gibbon to bring to
Whitehall his excellent piece of carving, where being
come, I advertised his Majesty, who asked me where it
was; I told him in Sir Richard Browne's (my father-in-
law) chamber, and that if it pleased his Majesty to ap-
point whither it should be brought, being large and
though of wood, heavy, I would take care for it. *No,*
says the King, *^ show me the way, I'll go to Sir Rich-
ard's chamber, '* which he immediately did, walking along
the entries after me; as far as the ewry, till he came up
into the room, where I also lay. No sooner was he en-
tered and cast his eyes on the work, but he was aston-
ished at the curiosity of it; and having considered it a
long time, and discoursed with Mr. Gibbon, whom I
brought to kiss his hand, he commanded it should be

* Evelyn here refers to Dryden's « Conquest of Granada ».



i67i JOHN EVELYN 63

immediately carried to the Queen's side to show her. It
was carried up into her bedchamber, where she and the
King looked on and admired it again; the King, being
called away, left us with the Queen, believing she would
have bought it, it being a crucifix; but, when his Majesty
was gone, a French peddling woman, one Madame de
Boord, who used to bring petticoats and fans, and baubles,
out of France to the ladies, began to find fault with sev-
eral things in the work, which she understood no more
than an ass, or a monkey, so as in a kind of indignation,
I caused the person who brought it to carry it back to
the chamber, finding the Queen so much governed by
an ignorant Frenchwoman, and this incomparable artist
had his labor only for his pains, which not a little dis-
pleased me; and he was fain to send it down to his cot-
tage again; he not long after sold it for ;^8o, though
well worth ;^ioo, without the frame, to Sir George
Viner.

His Majesty's Surveyor, Mr. Wren, faithfully promised
me to employ him.* I having also bespoke his Majesty
for his work at Windsor, which my friend, Mr. May, the
architect there, was going to alter, and repair univers-
ally; for, on the next day, I had a fair opportunity of
talking to his Majesty about it, in the lobby next the
Queen's side, where I presented him with some sheets of
my history. I thence walked with him through St.
James's Park to the garden, where I both saw and heard
a very familiar discourse between . . . and Mrs.
Nelly, f as they called an impudent comedian, she looking
out of her garden on a terrace at the top of the wall,
and . . . standing on the green walk under it. I was
heartily sorry at this scene. Thence the King walked to
the Duchess of Cleveland, another lady of pleasure, and
curse of our nation.

5th March, 167 1. I dined at Greenwich, to take leave
of Sir Thomas Linch, going Governor of Jamaica.

loth March, 167 1. To London, about passing my patent
as one of the standing Council for Plantations, a con-
siderable honor, the others in the Council being chiefly
noblemen and officers of state.

* The carving in the choir, etc. , of St. Paul's Cathedral was executed
by Gibbon.

t Nell Gwynne : there can be no doubt as to the name with which we



64 DIARY OF London

2d April, 167 1. To Sir Thomas Clifford, the Treasurer,
to condole with him on the loss of his eldest son, who
died at Florence.

2d May, 1671. The French King, being now with a
great army of 28,000 men about Dunkirk, divers of the
grandees of that Court, and a vast number of gentlemen
and cadets, in fantastical habits, came flocking over to
see our Court and compliment his Majesty. I was
present, when they first were conducted into the Queen's
withdrawing-room, where saluted their Majesties the
Dukes of Guise, Longueville, and many others of the first
rank.

loth May, 1671. Dined at Mr. Treasurer's,* in com-
pany with Monsieur De Grammont and several French
noblemen, and one Blood, that impudent, bold fellow who
had not long before attempted to steal the imperial crown
itself out of the Tower, pretending only curiosity of see-
ing the regalia there, when, stabbing the keeper, though
not mortally, he boldly went away with it through all
the guards, taken only by the accident of his horse fall-
ing down. How he came to be pardoned, and even
received into favor, not only after this, but several other
exploits almost as daring both in Ireland and here, I
could never come to understand. Some believed he
became a spy of several parties, being well with the
sectaries and enthusiasts, and did his Majesty services
that way, which none alive could do so well as he ; but
it was certainly the boldest attempt, so the only treason
of this sort that was ever pardoned. This man had
not only a daring but a villanous, unmerciful look, a false
countenance, but very well-spoken and dangerously insin-
uating.

nth May, 167 1. I went to Eltham, to sit as one of
the commissioners about the subsidy now given by Par-
liament to his Majesty.

17th May, 167 1. Dined at Mr. Treasurer's [Sir

are to fill up these blanks. This familiar interview of Nelly and the
King has afforded a subject for painters.

*This entry of loth May, 1671, so far as it relates to Blood, and the
stealing of the crown, etc., is a mistake. Blood stole the crown on the
Qth of May, 1671 — the very day before; and the



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