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to bury, who died of pleurisy.

3d January, 1673. My son now published his version
of ^'- Rapinus Hortorum?^

28th January, 1673. Visited Don Francisco de Melos,
the Portugal Ambassador, who showed me his curious
collection of books and pictures. He was a person of
good parts, and a virtuous man.

6th February, 1673. To Council about reforming an
abuse of the dyers with satmdus, and other false drugs ; ex-
amined divers of that trade.

23d February, 1673. The Bishop of Chichester preached
before the King on Coloss. ii. 14, 15, admirably well,
as he can do nothing but what is well.

1672-73 JOHN EVELYN 87

5th March, 1673. Our new vicar, Mr. Holden, preached
in Whitehall chapel, on Psalm, iv. 6, 7. This gentle-
man is a very excellent and universal scholar, a good
and wise man; but he had not the popular way of
preaching, nor is in any measure fit for our plain and
vulgar auditory, as his predecessor was. There was,
however, no comparison between their parts for pro-
found learning. But time and experience may form him
to a more practical way than that he is in of University
lectures and erudition; which is now universally left
off for what is much more profitable.

15th March, 1673. I heard the speech made to the
Lords in their House by Sir Samuel Tuke, in behalf of
the Papists, to take off the penal laws; and then dined
with Colonel Norwood.

1 6th March, 1673. Dr. Pearson, Bishop of Chester,
preached on Hebrews ix. 14; a most incomparable ser-
mon from one of the most learned divines of our nation.
I dined at my Lord Arlington's with the Duke and
Duchess of Monmouth; she is one of the wisest and
craftiest of her sex, and has much wit. Here was also
the learned Isaac Vossius.

During Lent there is constantly the most excellent
preaching by the most eminent bishops and divines of
the nation.

26th March, 1673. I was sworn a younger brother of
the Trinity House, with my most worthy and long-ac-
quainted noble friend. Lord Ossory (eldest son to the
Duke of Ormond), Sir Richard Browne, my father-in-
law, being now Master of that Society ; after which there
was a great collation.

29th March, 1673. I carried my son to the Bishop of
Chichester, that learned and pious man, Dr. Peter Gun-
ning, to be instructed by him before he received the
Holy Sacrament, when he gave him most excellent
advice, which I pray God may influence and remain with
him as long as he lives; and O that I had been so
blessed and instructed, when first I was admitted to that
sacred ordinance!

30th March, 1673. Easter day. Myself and son re-
ceived the blessed Communion, it being his first time,
and with that whole week's more extraordinary prepa-
ration. I beseech God to make him a sincere and

88 DIARY OF London

good Christian, while I endeavor to instill into him the
fear and love of God, and discharge the duty of a

At the sermon coram Rcgc, preached by Dr. Sparrow,
Bishop of Exeter, to a most crowded auditory; I stayed
to see whether, according to custom, the Duke of York
received the Communion with the King; but he did not,
to the amazement of everybody. This being the second
year he had forborne, and put it off, and within a day
of the Parliament sitting, who had lately made so severe
an Act against the increase of Popery, gave exceeding
grief and scandal to the whole nation, that the heir of
it, and the son of a martyr for the Protestant religion,
should apostatize. What the consequence of this will be,
God only knows, and wise men dread.

nth April, 1673. I dined with the plenipotentiaries
designed for the treaty of Nimeguen.

17th April, 1673. I carried Lady Tuke to thank the
Countess of Arlington for speaking to his Majesty in her
behalf, for being one of the Queen Consort's women.
She carried us up into her new dressing room at Goring
House, where was a bed, two glasses, silver jars, and
vases, cabinets, and other so rich furniture as I had
seldom seen; to this excess of superfluity were we now
arrived and that not only at Court, but almost univer-
sally, even to wantonness and profusion.

Dr. Compton, brother to the Earl of Northampton,
preached on i Corinth, v. 11-16, showing the Church's
power in ordaining things indifferent; this worthy per-
son's talent is not preaching, but he is likely to make a
grave and serious good man.

I saw her Majesty's rich toilet in her dressing room,
being all of massy gold, presented to her by the King,
valued at ^4,000.

26th April, 1673. Dr. Lamplugh preached at St. Mar-
tin's the Holy Sacrament following, which I partook of,
upon obligation of the late Act of Parliament, enjoining
everybody in office, civil or military, under penalty of
;^5oo, to receive it within one month before two authentic
witnesses ; being engrossed on parchment, to be afterward
produced in the Court of Chancery, or some other Court
of Record ; which I did at the Chancery bar, as being one
of the Council of Plantations and Trade ; taking then also


the oath of allegiance and supremacy, signing the clause
in the said Act against Transubstantiation.

25th May, 1673. My son was made a younger brother
of the Trinity House. The new master was Sir J. Smith,
one of the Commissioners of the Navy, a stout seaman,
who had interposed and saved the Duke from perishing
by a fire ship in the late war.

28th May, 1673. I carried one Withers, an ingenious
shipwright, to the King to show him some new method
of building.

29th May, 1673. I saw the Italian comedy at the Court,
this afternoon.

loth June, 1673. Came to visit and dine with me my
Lord Viscount Cornbury and his Lady; Lady Frances
Hyde, sister to the Duchess of York; and Mrs. Dorothy
Howard, maid of Honor. We went, after dinner, to see
the formal and formidable camp on Blackheath, raised to
invade Holland; or, as others suspected for another
design. Thence, to the Italian glass-house at Greenwich,
where glass was blown of finer metal than that of Murano,
at Venice.

13th June, 1673. Came to visit us, with other ladies
of rank, Mrs. Sedley,* daughter to Sir Charles, who was
none of the most virtuous, but a wit.

19th June, 1673. Congratulated the new Lord Treas-
urer, Sir Thomas Osborne, a gentleman with whom I had
been intimately acquainted at Paris, and who was every
day at my father-in-law's house and table there ; on which
account I was too confident of succeeding in his favor,
as I had done in his predecessor's; but such a friend
shall I never find, and I neglected my time, far from
believing that my Lord Clifford would have so rashly
laid down his staff, as he did, to the amazement of all
the world, when it came to the test of his receiving
the Communion, which I am confident he forbore
more from some promise he had entered into to
gratify the Duke, than from any prejudice to the Prot-
estant religion, though I found him wavering a pretty

23d June, 1673. To London, to accompany our Coun-
cil who went in a body to congratulate the new Lord

* The Duke of York's mistress, afterward created by him Countess
of Dorchester.

90 DIARY OF London

Treasurer, no friend to it because promoted by my Lord
Arlington, whom he hated.

26th June, 1673. Came visitors from Court to dine with
me and see the army still remaining encamped on Blackheath.

6th July, 1673, This evening I went to the funeral of
my dear and excellent friend, that good man and ac-
complished gentleman. Sir Robert Murray, Secretary of
Scotland. He was buried by order of his Majesty in
Westminster Abbey.

25th July, 1673. I went to Tunbridge Wells, to visit
my Lord Cliiford, late Lord Treasurer, who was there
to divert his mind more than his body; it was believed
that he had so engaged himself to the Duke, that rather
than take the Test, without which he was not capable of
holding any office, he would resign that great and hon-
orable station. This, I am confident, grieved him to the
heart, and at last broke it; for, though he carried with
him music, and people to divert him, and, when I came
to see him, lodged me in his own apartment, and would
not let me go from him, I found he was struggling in
his mind; and being of a rough and ambitious nature,
he could not long brook the necessity he had brought
on himself, of submission to this conjuncture. Besides,
\ he saw the Dutch war, which was made much by his advice,
as well as the shutting up of the Exchequer, very un-
prosperous. These things his high spirit could not sup-
port. Having stayed here two or three days, I obtained
leave of my Lord to return.

In my way, I saw my Lord of Dorset's house at
Knowle, near Sevenoaks, a great old-fashioned house.

30th July, 1673. To Council, where the business of
transporting wool was brought before us.

31st July, 1673. I went to see the pictures of all the
judges and eminent men of the Long Robe, newly
painted by Mr. Wright, and set up in Guildhall, costing
the city ^,^1,000. Most of them are very like the persons
they represent, though I never took Wright to be any
considerable artist.

13th August, 1673. I rode to Durdans, where I dined
at my Lord Berkeley's of Berkeley Castle, my old and
noble friend, it being his wedding anniversary, where I
found the Duchess of Albemarle, and other company,
and returned home on that evening late.


i5tli August, 1673. Came to visit me my Lord Chan-
cellor, the Earl of Shaftesbury.

1 8th August, 1673. My Lord Clifford, being about this
time returned from Tunbridge, and preparing for Dev-
onshire, I went to take my leave of him at Wallingford
House ; he was packing up pictures, most of which were
of hunting wild beasts and vast pieces of bull-baiting,
bear-baiting, etc. I found him in his study, and restored
to him several papers of state, and others of importance,
which he had furnished me with, on engaging me to
write the « History of the Holland War,^> with other pri-
vate letters of his acknowledgments to my Lord Arling-
ton, who from a private gentleman of a very noble
family, but inconsiderable fortune, had advanced him
from almost nothing. The first thing was his being in
Parliament, then knighted, then made one of the Com-
missioners of sick and wounded, on which occasion we
sat long together; then, on the death of Hugh Pollard,
he was made Comptroller of the Household and Privy
Councillor, yet still my brother Commissioner; after the
death of Lord Fitz-Harding, Treasurer of the Household,
he, by letters to Lord Arlington, which that Lord showed
me, begged of his Lordship to obtain it for him as the
very height of his ambition. These were written with
such submissions and professions of his patronage, as I
had never seen any more acknowledging. The Earl of
Southampton then dying, he was made one of the Com-
missioners of the Treasury. His Majesty inclining to put
it into one hand, my Lord Clifford, under pretense of
making all his interest for his patron, my Lord Arling-
ton, cut the grass under his feet, and procured it for
himself, assuring the King that Lord Arlington did not
desire it. Indeed, my Lord Arlington protested to me
that his confidence in Lord Clifford made him so remiss
and his affection to him was so particular, that he was
absolutely minded to devolve it on Lord Clifford, all the
world knowing how he himself affected ease and quiet,
now growing into years, yet little thinking of this go-by.
This was the great ingratitude Lord Clifford showed,
keeping my Lord Arlington in ignorance, continually
assuring him he was pursuing his interest, which was
the Duke's into whose great favor Lord Clifford was
now gotten; but which certainly cost him the loss


of all, namely, his going so irrevocably far in his in-

For the rest, my Lord Clifford was a valiant, incorrupt
gentleman, ambitious, not covetous; generous, passionate,
a most constant, sincere friend, to me in particular, so as
when he laid down his office, I was at the end of all my
hopes and endeavors. These were not for high matters,
but to obtain what his Majesty was really indebted to my
father-in-law, which was the utmost of my ambition, and
which I had undoubtedly obtained, if this friend had
stood. Sir Thomas Osbom, who succeeded him, though
much more obliged to my father-in-law and his family,
and my long and old acquaintance, being of a more
haughty and far less obliging nature, I could hope for
little; a man of excellent natural parts; but nothing of
generous or grateful.

Taking leave of my Lord Clifford, he wrung me by
the hand, and, looking earnestly on me, bid me God-b'ye,
adding, " Mr. Evelyn, I shall never see thee more.^^ ^*No!'*
said I, " my Lord, what's the meaning of this ? I hope
I shall see you often, and as great a person again.'*
** No, Mr. Evelyn, do not expect it, I will never see this
place, this city, or Court again,'* or words of this sound.
In this manner, not without almost mutual tears, I parted
from him ; nor was it long after, but the news was that he
was dead, and I have heard from some who I believe knew,
he made himself away, after an extraordinary melancholy.
This is not confidently affirmed, but a servant who lived
in the house, and afterward with Sir Robert Clayton,
Lord Mayor, did, as well as others, report it, and when
I hinted some such thing to Mr. Prideaux, one of his
trustees, he was not willing to enter into that discourse.

It was reported with these particulars, that, causing
his servant to leave him unusually one morning, locking
himself in, he strangled himself with his cravat upon the
bed-tester; his servant, not liking the manner of dis-
missing him, and looking through the keyhole (as I
remember), and seeing his master hanging, broke in
before he was quite dead, and taking him down, vomiting
a great deal of blood, he was heard to utter these words:
" Well ; let men say what they will, there is a God, a
just God above '* ; after which he spoke no more. This,
if true, is dismal. Really, he was the chief occasion of


the Dutch war, and of all that blood which was lost at
Bergen in attacking the Smyrna fleet, and that whole

This leads me to call to mind what my Lord Chancellor
Shaftesbury affirmed, not to me only, but to all my
brethren the Council of Foreign Plantations, when not
long after, this accident being mentioned as we were one
day sitting in Council, his Lordship told us this remark-
able passage: that, being one day discoursing with him
when he was only Sir Thomas Clifford, speaking of men's
advancement to great charges in the nation, « Well," says
he, «my Lord, I shall be one of the greatest men in
England. Don't impute what I say either to fancy, or
vanity; I am certain that I shall be a mighty man; but
it will not last long ; I shall not hold it, but die a bloody
death. » «What,*' says my Lord, "your horoscope tells
you so?" '^No matter for that, it will be as I tell you."
« Well, " says my Lord Chancellor Shaftesbury, « if I were
of that opinion, I either would not be a great man, but
decline preferment, or prevent my danger."

This my Lord affirmed in my hearing before several
gentlemen and noblemen sitting in council at Whitehall.
And I the rather am confident of it, remembering what
Sir Edward Walker (Garter King-at-Arms) had likewise
affirmed to me a long time before, even when he was
first made a Lord; that carrying his pedigree to Lord
Clifford on his being created a peer, and, finding him
busy, he bade him go into his study and divert himself
there till he was at leisure to discourse with him about
some things relating to his family; there lay, said Sir
Edward, on his table, his horoscope and nativity calcu-
lated, with some writing under it, where he read that
he should be advanced to the highest degree in the state
that could be conferred upon him, but that he should
not long enjoy it, but should die, or expressions to that
sense; and I think, (but cannot confidently say) a bloody
death. This Sir Edward affirmed both to me and Sir
Richard Browne; nor could I forbear to note this extra-
ordinary passage in these memoirs.

14th September, 1673. Dr. Creighton, son to the late
eloquent Bishop of Bath and Wells, preached to the
Household on Isaiah, Ivii. 8.

15th September, 1673. I procured ^4,0°° of the Lords

94 DIARY OF London

of the Treasury, and rectified divers matters about the
sick and wounded.

1 6th September, 1673. To Council, about choosing a
new Secretary.

17th September, 1673. I went with some friends to visit
Mr. Bernard Grenville, at Abs Court in Surrey; an old
house in a pretty park.

23d September, 1673. I went to see Paradise, a room
in Hatton Garden furnished with a representation of all
sorts of animals handsomely painted on boards or cloth,
and so cut out and made to stand, move, fly, crawl, roar,
and make their several cries. The man who showed it,
made us laugh heartily at his formal poetry.

15th October, 1673. To Council, and swore in Mr. Locke,
secretary. Dr. Worsley being dead.

27th October, 1673. To Council, about sending succors
to recover New York: and then we read the commission
and instructions to Sir Jonathan Atkins, the new Gover-
nor of Barbadoes.

5th November, 1673. This night the youths of the
city burned the Pope in effigy, after they had made pro-
cession with it in great triumph, they being displeased
at the Duke for altering his religion and marrying an
Italian lady.

30th November, 1673. On St. Andrew's day I first saw
the new Duchess of York, and the Duchess of Modena,
her mother.

ist December, 1673. To Gresham College, whither the
city had invited the Royal Society by many of their
chief aldermen and magistrates, who gave us a collation,
to welcome us to our first place of assembly, from whence
we had been driven to give place to the City, on their
making it their Exchange on the dreadful conflagration,
till their new Exchange was finished, which it now was.
The Society having till now been entertained and having
met at Arundel House.

2d December, 1673. I dined with some friends, and
visited the sick; thence, to an almshouse, where was
prayers and relief, some very ill and miserable. It was
one of the best days I ever spent in my life.

3d December, 1673. There was at dinner my Lord
Lockhart, designed Ambassador for France, a gallant and
sober person.

1673-74 JOHN EVELYN 95

9th December, 1673. I saw again the Italian Duchess
and her brother, the Prince Reynaldo.

20th December, 1673. I had some discourse with certain
strangers, not unlearned, who had been born not far from
Old Nineveh; they assured me of the ruins being still
extant, and vast and wonderful were the buildings,
vaults, pillars, and magnificent fragments;* but they
could say little of the Tower of Babel that satisfied me.
But the description of the amenity and fragrancy of the
country for health and cheerfulness, delighted me; so
sensibly they spoke of the excellent air and climate in
respect of our cloudy and splenetic country.

24th December, 1673. Visited the prisoners at Ludgate,
taking orders about the releasing of some.

30th December, 1673. I gave Almighty God thanks
for his infinite goodness to me the year past, and begged
his mercy and protection the year following; afterward,
invited my neighbors to spend the day with me.

5th January, 1673-74. I saw an Italian opera in music,
the first that had been in England of this kind.

9th January, 1674. Sent for by his Majesty to write
something against the Hollanders about the duty of the
Flag and Fishery. Returned with some papers.

25th March, 1674. I dined at Knightsbridge, with the
Bishops of Salisbury, Chester, and Lincoln, my old

29th May, 1674. His Majesty's birthday and Restora-
tion. Mr. Demalhoy, Roger L'Estrange, and several of
my friends, came to dine with me on the happy occasion.

27th June, 1674. Mr. Dryden, the famous poet and
now laureate, came to give me a visit. It was the an-
niversary of my marriage, and the first day I went into
my new little cell and cabinet, which I built below to-
ward the south court, at the east end of the parlor.

9th July, 1674. Paid ;^36o for purchase of Dr. Ja-
combe's son's share in the mill and land at Deptford,
which I bought of the Beechers.

2 2d July, 1674. I went to Windsor with my wife
and son to see my daughter Mary, who was there with
my Lady Tuke and to do my duty to his Majesty. Next
day, to a great entertainment at Sir Robert Holmes's at

*The remarkable discoveries of Mr. Layard give now a curious inter-
est to this notice by Evelyn.

96 DIARY OF groombridge

Cranboume Lodgre, in the Forest; there were his Maj-
esty, the Queen, Duke, Duchess, and all the Court. I
returned in the evening with Sir Joseph Williamson, now
declared Secretary of State. He was son of a poor
clergyman somewhere in Cumberland, brought up at
Queen's College, Oxford, of which he came to be a fel-
low ; then traveled with . , . and returning when the
King was restored, was received as a clerk under Mr.
Secretary Nicholas. Sir Henry Bennett (now Lord Arling-
ton) succeeding, Williamson is transferred to him, who
loving his ease more than business (though sufficiently
able had he applied himself to it) remitted all to his man
Williamson; and, in a short time, let him so into the
secret of affairs, that (as his Lordship himself told me)
there was a kind of necessity to advance him ; and so, by
his subtlety, dexterity, and insinuation, he got now to be
principal Secretary; absolutely Lord Arlington's creature,
and ungrateful enough. It has been the fate of this
obliging favorite to advance those who soon forgot their
original. Sir Joseph was a musician, could play at Jeu
de Goblets, exceedingly formal, a severe master to his serv-
ants, but so inward with my Lord O'Brien, that after a
few months of that gentleman's death, he married his
widow,* who, being sister and heir of the Duke of Rich-
mond, brought him a noble fortune. It was thought they
lived not so kindly after marriage as they did before.
She was much censured for marrying so meanly, being
herself allied to the Royal family.

6th August, 1674. I went to Groombridge, to see my
old friend, Mr. Packer; the house built within a moat,
in a woody valley. The old house had been the place of
confinement of the Duke of Orleans, taken by one Waller
(whose house it then was) at the battle of Agdncourt,
now demolished, and a new one built in its place, though
a far better situation had been on the south of the wood,
on a graceful ascent. At some small distance, is a large

* Lady Catherine Stuart, sister and heir to Charles Stuart, Duke of
Richmond and Lennox, the husband of Mrs. Frances Stuart, one of the
most admired beauties of the Court, with whom Charles II. was so
deeply in love that he never forgave the Duke for marrying her, hav-
ing already, it is thought, formed some similar intention himself. He
took the first opportunity of sending the Duke into an honorable exile,
as Ambassador to Denmark, where he shortly after died, leaving no
issue by the Duchess.

1 674 JOHN EVELYN 97

chapel, not long since built by Mr. Packer's father, on a
vow he made to do it on the return of King Charles I.
out of Spain, 1625, and dedicated to St. Charles, but
what saint there was then of that name I am to seek,
for, being a Protestant, I conceive it was not Borromeo,

I went to see my farm at Ripe, near Lewes.

19th August, 1674. His Majesty told me how exceed-
ingly the Dutch were displeased at my treatise of the
"History of Commerce;^* that the Holland Ambassador
had complained to him of what I had touched of the
Flags and Fishery, etc., and desired the book might be
called in; while on the other side, he assured me he was
exceedingly pleased with what I had done, and gave me
many thanks. However, it being just upon conclusion of
the treaty of Breda (indeed it was designed to have been
published some months before and when we were at de-
fiance), his Majesty told me he must recall it formally;
but gave order that what copies should be publicly
seized to pacify the Ambassador, should immediately be
restored to the printer, and that neither he nor the ven-
der should be molested. The truth is, that which touched
the Hollander was much less than what the King him-
self furnished me with, and obliged me to publish, hav-
ing caused it to be read to him before it went to press ;
but the error was, it should have been published before
the peace was proclaimed. The noise of this book's sup-
pression made it presently to be bought up, and turned
much to the stationer's advantage. It was no other than
the preface prepared to be prefixed to my * History of the

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