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, sulphurous acid, 89, 107, 129,

132.

Condensed gases, their elasticity, 122.
Conduction of heat, sounds during, 31 1 .
Conservation of force, 443, 460.
Copper and polarized light, 440.

deflagrations, 404.

film, 410.

Crispation of vibrating fluids, 335.
Crystals of sulphate of soda, 153, 230.
Cyanogen, liquefied, 94, 113.

, solidified, 113.

Decomposition of hydrocarbons by sud-
den expansion, 219.
Deflagrated metals, their action on light,

401, 404, 435.
Depolarization of light by gold, 437.



494



Index.



Diamond, combustion of, 11.
Diffused gold particles, 413.
Disinfecting liquid, Labarraque's, 222.
Education, mental, 463.
Elasticity of the condensed gases, 122.
Electric force and conservation of force,

456.
Escape of gases confined by mercury,

Ether, nature of the, 368.
Euchlorine, liquefied, 92, 110.

, solidified, 110.

Expansion affects decomposition, 219.
Experimental relations of gold to light,

391.

Figures, acoustical, 314.
Films of gold, 395, 405.

produced by phosphorus, 405.

their character, 406.

thinned, 407.

heated, 408.

pressed, 408.

in the microscope, 408.
Films of metals by phosphorus, 409.
Flame, sound of, in tubes, 21.
Fluid chlorine, 85, 95, 129.
Fluidity of sulphur at common tempe-
ratures, 212.

Fluosilicon, liquefied, 104.
Force, its conservation, 443, 460.
Force, lines of, 369.
Forces of matter, 369.
Forms of fluids on vibrating surfaces,

335.

Freezing process, 374.
Freezing water, its conditions, 372.

, exclusion of extraneous matter,

373.

Furnaces for glass making, 246, 284.
Gas-lamp, portable, 134, 167.
Gas, transference of heat by, 221 .
Gases through capillary tubes, 5, 6.

over mercury, 217.

liquefied, 89, 96.

solidified, 96.

, non-condensable as yet, 116.

Gauges for condensation, 91, 98.
Glass for optical purposes, 231.

, its colour affected by light, 142.

, ruby, 428.

tubes, their strength, 98.

Gold, its relations to light, 391.

, polarized light, 435.

Gold, its transparency, 395, 401.

, effect of pressure, 397, 403, 404,

408.
Gold-leaf, 393.

, attenuated, 394.

, effect of heat, 395.

, effect of pressure, 397.

Gold divided by deflagration, 401.



Gold deflagrations, 401.

their metallic character, 428.



and polarized light, 438.

Gold films by phosphorus, 405.

, their metallic character, 429.

, and polarized light, 439.

Gold in diffused particles, 411.

, ruby fluid, 411.

, amethystine fluid, 413.

, blue fluid, 417, 420.

, state of the gold tested, 413.

, spontaneous change, 414, 416.

, examined by light, 415, 416, 417.

, heated, 418.

, changed by saline matter, 419.

-, its metallic character, 430.



, degree of division, 423.

, quantity present, 423.

, separated from water, dried, 425.

, by various substances, 425.

Gold, size of its particles, 416.

Gold fluids, examined by coloured rays

of light, 442.

, and polarized light, 439.

Gold ruby fluid, 411, 418, 420.
, changed by salts, 419.

, its metallic character, 430.

Gold, blue fluid, 417, 420.

Gold, violet fluid, 420.

Gold reduced'by phosphorus, 405, 411,.

various substances, 425.

organic tissues, 427, 432.

heat, 427.

Gold particles polarize light, 441.
Gravitation force, considered, 446, 462.

, its definition insufficient, 446.

, time?, 371.

Gravity, its definition inconsistent with

the conservation of force, 446, 449, 463.
, Newton's opinion of its nature,

451.

Gunpowder, its action on lead, 142.
Heat, its effect on gold, 395, 403, 408.

, its effect on silver, 398.

produces sounds amongst metals,

311.
Heat force and conservation of force,

453.
Heavy glass, materials, 241.

, composition, 275.

, manufacture of, 231.

, furnaces, 246, 284.

, use of platinum powder, 270, 290.

, stirring of it, 266, 271.

, bubbles, 269.

, effect of continued heat, 265.

, annealing, 272.

, general qualities, 275.

, changeability, 279.

, refractive and dispersive power,

275.



Index.



495



Heavy glass, colour, 276.

, reflexion by, 277.

, hardness, 278.

, fusibility, 279.

, its electric condition, 282.

Historical statements, liquefaction of
gases, 124, 135.

Holding the breath, 358.

Hydrate of chlorine, 81.

Hydriodic acid, liquefied, 103.

, solidified, 103.

Hydriodide of carbon, 51, 81.

Hydrobromic acid, liquefied, 104.
, solidified, 104. /

Hydrocarbons, new, 154.

decomposed mechanically, 219.

and sulphuric acid, 160, 170.

Hydrochloric acid, liquefied, 95, 106, 131.

Hydrogen and carbon, new compounds
of, 154.

and chloride of silver, 31.

Ice, very pure, 373.

, exclusion of extraneous matter, 373.

, cohesion of, 380.

, its mutual adhesion, 373.

, adhesion of other bodies to it, 374.

, of irregular fusibility, 374.

, and ice-cold water, 381.

Iron, meteoric, 61.

aUoys, 80.

deflagrations, 404.

, and polarized light, 441.

Jelly and ruby gold, 433.

Labarraque's liquid, 222.

Lamps, ventilation of, 362.

Lead in shrapnell shells, changed, 141.

, its action on gunpowder, 142.

deflagration, 404.

, and polarized light, 440.

Light affects purple tint of plate-glass,
142.

, its transverse vibrations, 357.

, relation of metals to, 391, 435.

, and gold films, 406.

, and metallic deflagrations, 404.

, and gold fluids, 415.

Lighthouse lamp, ventilation, 362.

Lime, native caustic, 2.

Limit to vaporization, 199, 205.

Lines of force, 369.

Liquefaction of gases, 89, 96.

, historical statements, 124, 135.

Low temperatures for condensation, 100.

Lungs, preparation of, 358.

Lycopodium heaps, motion of, 332.

Manufacture of heavy glass, 231.

Matter, its nature, 367.

Mental education, 463.

Mercury vapour at common tempera-
tures, 57.

cannot confine gases, 217.



Metallic character of divided gold, 428.

Metallic deflagrations and light, 401, 404,
438.

Metallic films by phosphorus, 409.

hydrogen, 410.

Metals, their relations to light, 391, 435.

, and polarized light, 401, 435.

, particles in planes, polarize light,

441.

Meteoric iron, 61.

Motion of particles under vibration, 332.

Musket balls in shrapnell shells, 141.

Naphthaline and sulphuric acid, 182.

Native caustic lime, 2.

New carburet of hydrogen, 163.

Newton's opinion of the nature of gra-
vity, 451.

Nitrogen, test for minute portions of, 143.

Nitrous oxide, liquefied, 93, 111, 117.

, solidified, 111, 117,

, pressure, 112, 117.

Nitrous acid, solidified, 115.

Nuclei of matter, 369.

Observations on mental education, 463.

Oil-gas, 168.

, liquefied, 133.

-, fluids and hydrocarbons, 155.



Olefiant gas, its mixed nature, 119.

, liquefied, 102, 118.

, liquid, its pressure, 103, 120.

Optical deceptions, peculiar, 291, 309.
Optical glass, 231.

, faults of, 235.

Organic tissue stained by gold, 427, 432.
Oxide of silver in ammonia, 14.
Oxygen, attempts to liquefy it, 122.
Palladium deflagrations, 405.

film, 409.

and polarized light, 440.

Particles on vibrating surfaces, 314, 332.
Passage of gases through tubes, 5, 6.
Peculiar acoustical figures, 314.

class of optical deceptions, 291, 309.
Perchloride of carbon, 35.
Perspective, aerial, 215.
Phosphuretted hydrogen, liquefied, 105.
Platinum in steel, 66, 71.

film, 409.

deflagrations, 405.

and polarized light, 440.
Ponderability of matter, 368.
Polarized light and metals, 401, 435.

gold films, 401, 435.

Portable gas-lamp, 167.
Preparation of the lungs, 358.
Preservation of rare fluids, 152.
Pressure, its effect on gold, 397, 403

408.

, its effect on silver, 399.

Protochloride of carbon, 46.

Purple tint of plate glass and light, 142.



496



Index.



Radiation, its possible nature, 370.
Bay vibrations, thoughts on, 366.

of fluids, 352.

Regelation, 373, 377.

, its cause, 373, 378.

Rhodium and polarized light, 440.

- film, 409.

Ruby glass, its nature, 428, 433, 434.
Ruby gold and jelly, 433.
Ruby gold fluid, 411.

, prepared, 412, 419.

, tested, 413.

Salt acids, &c. excluded from ice, 373.
Salts, their effects on gold particles, 419.
Sesquichloride of carbon, 53.
Shadows of clouds, radiant, 215.
Silico-borate of lead glass, 240, 245.
Silver in steel, 64, 71.

solution in ammonia, 13.

film, 409.

affected by heat, 398.

affected by pressure, 399.

and polarized light, 440.

Sounds of flame in tubes, 21.

Sound produced during conduction of

heat, 311.
Steel, aUoys of, 57, 68.

and platinum, 66, 71.

and silver, 64, 71.

Strength of glass tubes, 98.

Sulphate of soda crystals, 153, 230.

Sulphide of carbon, 436.

Sulpho-naphthalic acid, 182.

Sulpho-naphthalates, 189.

Sulphur, fluid at common temperatures,

212.
Sulphuretted hydrogen, liquefied, 90, 107.

, solidified, 107.

Sulphuric acid and hydrocarbons, 160,

170.
and naphthaline, 182.



Sulphurous acid, liquefied, 89, 107, 129,
132.

, solidified, 107.

Sunset perspective, 215.

Table-turning, 382, 385.

Thoughts on ray vibrations, 366.

Time in gravitation, 371.

Tin and polarized light, 440.

deflagrations, 404.

Transference of heat by change of capa-
city, 221.

Transparency of gold, 395, 401.

Transverse vibrations of light, 357.

of liquids, 352.

on a shore, 355.

Trevelyan's sounds, 311.

Tubes and flame vibrations, 21.

substituted for bottles, 152.

Turmeric affected by boracic acid, 27.

Vaporization has a limit, 199, 205.

influenced by water, 207.

Yapour of mercury, 57.

Vegetable colours changed by alkalies,
&c., 29, 31.

Ventilation of lighthouse lamps, 362.

Vibrating fluids, crispation of, 335.

, ray form, 352.

Vibrating particles, motion of, 332, 335.

plates, figures on, 314.

surfaces, particles on, 332.

Vibrations of light, 357.

of flames in tubes, 23.

in rays, 353, 354.

on a wet shore, 355.

Water, effect of its cohesion, 378.
, influence in vaporization, 207.

Wheel animalcule, 305.

Wootz, 58.

Zinc and chloride of silver, 31.

and polarized light, 441.

deflagrations, 405.



THE END.



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Online LibraryMichael FaradayExperimental researches in chemistry and physics → online text (page 49 of 49)