Life and manners. A volume of stories suitable for the
moral instruction of children. London : Swan Sonnen-
A graduated syllabus of moral instruction, including training
in citi/enship for elementary schools. Adopted, with
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Hackwood (F. W.). Notes of lessons on moral subjects. A
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Hackwood (F. W.) Complete notes of lessons on kindness to
animals. A handbook for teachers on the humane
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structure, habits and uses. London : A. G. Dawson,
2 Warwick Lane, E.G.
Johnston (Rev. R. E.). The method of Saint Sulpice for use in
Sunday schools. A description of an actual adaptation,
with a synopsis of three years' work. London, 1898.
Jones (J. Morgan). A scheme and syllabus of moral and
biblical instruction for elementary schools. Published
by the author, Glasgoed, Aberdare, S. Wales, 1905.
[The scheme has been adopted by the Aberdare Education
Lang (Cosmo Gordon), Bishop of Stepney. The principles of
religious education. Three sermons preached in St.
Paul's Cathedral. London, 1906.
Lee (Hetty). New methods in the junior Sunday school.
Based on Froebelian principles. London : National
Peake (Arthur S.). Reform in Sunday school teaching. Lon-
don : James Clark.
Potter and Sheard's catechisings. Four series. Skeffington.
Sunday School Code Book and Teachers' Manual. London :
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Smith (Rev. J. Newland). The catechist's handbook. (Parsons'
Handbook Series.) London : Grant Richards.
Soulsby (L. H. M.). Bible-reading in the present day. London :
Waldegrave (A. J.). A teacher's handbook of moral lessons.
London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1904.
Adams (John). Primer on teaching. With special reference
to Sunday school work. Edinburgh, 1903.
Adamson (John William), edited by. The practice of instruc-
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Allbutt (T. Clifford). On professional education. London :
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London: Macmillan, 1889.
Bain (Alexander). Education as a science. London : Kegan
Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co.
[Contains a chapter on moral education.]
Baldwin (J. M.). Mental development in the child and in
the race (American). 2nd edition. Macmillan & Co.,
Social and ethical interpretations in mental development
(American). 3rd edition. Macmillan & Co., 1903.
Blyth (Edmund Kell). Life of William Ellis. London : Kegan
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[Ellis, the founder of the Birkbeck Schools, laid great stress
on moral and social instruction.]
Bosanquet (Helen). The family. London: Macmillan, 1906.
Bray (Reginald A.). The town child. London : Fisher Unwin,
Bryant (Dr. Sophie). Educational ends ; or, the ideal of
personal development. London: Longmans, 1887.
Short studies in character. London : Swan Sonnenschein,
The teaching of morality in the family and the school.
London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1897.
Burstall (Sara A.). English high schools for girls. Their aims,
organisation and management. London : Longmans,
Carpenter (Edward). Civilisation ; Its cause and cure, and
other essays. London : Swan Sonnenschein, 1889.
England's ideal, and other papers in social subjects.
London : Swan Sonnenschein, 1887.
The Children's National Guild of Courtesy. Annual report,
1904. London: n Clifford's Inn, E.G.
Combe (George). Education, its principles and practice.
(Collated and edited by William Jolly.) London :
Creighton (M.). Persecution and tolerance. London : Long-
Darroch (Alexander). The children. Some educational prob-
lems. London: T. C. & E. C. Jack, 1907.
Dewey (John). The school and society. London : P. S. King.
Drummond (W. B.). An introduction to child-study. Lon-
don: Edward Arnold, 1907.
Findlay (J. J.), edited by. Arnold of Rugby. His school
life and contributions to education. Cambridge : Uni-
versity Press, 1897.
Principles of class teaching. London: Macmillan, 1902.
edited by. The school and society, selections from the
educational essays of John Dewey. London : Blackie,
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Hayward (F. H.). The reform of moral and biblical education,
on the lines of Herbartianism, critical thought and the
ethical needs of the present day. London : Swan
The educational ideas of Pestalozzi and Frobel. London :
Ralph Holland & Co., 1904.
Education and the heredity spectre. London : Watts,
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Jolly (William). Ruskin on education. Some needed but
neglected elements. London : George Allen, 1894.
Keatinge (M. W.). The great didactic of Comenius. London :
A. & C. Black, 1896.
Suggestion in education. London: A. & C. Black, 1907.
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cation. Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1867.
Legouis (Emile). La Jeunesse de William Wordsworth, 1770-
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Leighton (Robert L.). The boy and his school. London :
Loane (Miss). The Queen's poor. London : Arnold.
Locke (John). Conduct of the understanding. (Edited by
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Lodge (Sir Oliver). School teaching and school reform. Lon-
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The substance of faith allied with science. A catechism
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Lyttelton (Hon. and Rev. Edward). Mothers and sons. Lon-
don: Macmillan, 1893.
Lyschinska (Mary J.) and Therese G. Montefiore. The ethical
teaching of Froebel as gathered from his works. Lon-
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MacCunn (John). The making of character. Cambridge :
Macnaghten (Chester). Common thoughts on serious subjects.
Being addresses to the elder Kumars of the Rajkumar
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Mark (H. Thiselton). An outline of the history of educational
theories in England. (Chapter vi. Development of the
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The teacher and the child. Elements of moral and re-
ligious teaching in the day school, the home and the
Sunday school. London, 1902.
Marson (C. L.). Huppim and Muppim.
[To be obtained from the author, Hambridge, Taunton.]
Martineau (James). Types of ethical theory. (2 vols.) Ox-
ford : Clarendon Press, 1889.
Mason (Charlotte M.). Home education series : I. Home edu-
cation ; II. Parents and children ; III. School education.
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Matthews (F. H.). A dialogue on moral education. London :
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Miall (L. C.). Thirty years of teaching. London : Macmillan,
Mill (John Stuart). On liberty. 3rd edition. London : Long-
Moberly (Rev. R. C.). Undenominationalism as a principle of
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Muirhead (J. H.). The service of the state. Four lectures
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London : Methuen, 1906.
Newman (John Henry). The idea of a university denned and
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["The Tamworth Reading Room."]
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Plunkett (Sir Horace). Ireland in the new century. London :
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Punnett (R. C.). Mendelism. Cambridge : Macmillan &
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Roberts (R. D.), edited by. Education in the nineteenth
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[Especially chapters i. vi. xii. and xiii.]
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Munera Pulveris. London : George Allen.
Time and tide. London : George Allen.
Sadler (M. E.), edited by. Continuation schools in England
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Shirreff (Emily A. E.). Moral training ; Froebel and Herbert
Spencer. London: George Philip, 1892.
Sidgwick (Henry). Practical ethics. A collection of addresses
and essays. London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1898.
Skrine (John Huntley). Pastor Agnorum. A schoolmaster's
afterthoughts. London, 1902.
[Chapter iv. Definite church teaching.]
Soulsby (Lucy H. M.). Stray thoughts for mothers and
teachers. London: Longmans, 1897.
Spencer (Herbert). Education, intellectual, moral and physical
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relation to religion. Reprinted in Essays and addresses.
London: Macmillan, 1887.
Woodward (William Harrison). Vittorino da Feltre, and other
humanist educators. Cambridge: University Press, 1897.
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4. MAGAZINE ARTICLES, ETC.
Atkinson (H. W.). Tempora Mutantur. Religion in the public
schools. (Journal of Education, December, 1907.)
Brereton (Cloudesley). The true inwardness of moral instruc-
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Friends' Guild of Teachers. Resolutions on religious education
in elementary schools, 2 8th September, 1907. (Journal
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Mackenzie (J. S.). The problem of moral instruction. (Presi-
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(School, February, 1906.)
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(The Month, December, 1906.)
[The Catholic case against non-theological moral instruction.]
LIST OF THE SPECIALLY APPOINTED INVESTI-
GATORS WHO AIDED THE EXECUTIVE COM-
MITTEE IN THEIR INQUIRY.
i. FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Mr. J. Shawcross, M.A., University College, Oxford.
Mr. Henry Herbert, Headmaster of the Godwin Road Council
School, Forest Gate, E.
Miss Alice Ravenhill.
Miss Bessie H. Clift, Headmistress of the Wandle Junior Mixed
Council School, Wandsworth, S.W.
Mr. H. Bompas Smith, M.A., Headmaster of King Edward
VII. School, Lytham.
Miss S. E. Wells, Joint Secretary to the Central Education
Committee of the Society of Friends.
Miss E. P. Hughes, Member of the Glamorgan Education
Committee ; formerly Principal of the Cambridge Training
Mr. A. M. Williams, M.A., Principal of the Church of Scotland
Training College, Glasgow.
Mr. Stephen Gwynn, M.A., M.P.
[The chapter on " Sunday Schools in Great Britain " was edited by
the Rev. Dr. Estlin Carpenter, with the help of contributions from Miss
Barbara Forth, the Right Rev. Monsignor W. F. Brown, Mr. Arnold
Rowntree, Mr. J. Morgan Jones (Aberdare), Mr. Charles F. Cooper and
Mr. John W. Hirst.]
2. FOR FRANCE.
Mr. Harrold Johnson, Secretary of the Moral Instruction League.
Mr. T. Edmund Harvey, M. A., Christ Church, Oxford ; Warden
of Toynbee Hall.
Miss Eleanor F. Jourdain, Vice-Principal of St. Hugh's Hall,
The Rev. Edward Myers, M.A., St. Edmund's College, Old
The late Mr. Reginald Balfour, M.A. ; formerly Fellow of
King's College, Cambridge.
[Mr. Balfour did not live to complete his report.]
List of those who gave Oral Evidence 491
3. FOR BELGIUM.
Mr. J. H. Yoxall, M.A., M.P., Secretary of the National Union
4. FOR GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
Mr. Gustav Spiller, General Secretary of the International Union
of Ethical Societies.
Miss Jessie D. Montgomery, Member of the Exeter Education
5. FOR DENMARK AND NORWAY.
Miss H. Forchhammer, Copenhagen.
Dr. Otto Anderssen, Christiania.
6. FOR CANADA.
Dr. A. H. Mackay, Superintendent of Education for Nova
7. FOR JAPAN.
Baron Kikuchi, LL.D., formerly Japanese Minister of Edu-
cation ; M.A., Cambridge; Hon. LL.D., Manchester.
%* The Committee are also indebted to various correspond-
ents for acceding to their request for information about moral
instruction and training in Australia and New Zealand, and
especially to Mr. Cyril Jackson, Mr. G. H. Hogben (Inspector-
General of Schools, New Zealand), the Rev. A. C. Hoggins,
and Miss E. A. Marchant.
For the contributions from American teachers they are
indebted to the kind offices of Mr. Clifford Webster Barnes.
LIST OF THOSE WHO GAVE ORAL EVIDENCE.
On the invitation of the Executive Committee, the following
gave oral evidence on the subject of moral instruction and
training in schools. Selections from this evidence are printed
in this volume, but reasons of space have made it impossible
for the Committee to publish much that was of value to them
in their deliberations.
49 2 Finance
Dr. F. H. Hayward. The Master of Marlborough
Dr. J. W. Slaughter. College (Mr. F. Fletcher).
Dr. A. Beresford Kingsford. Mr. B. Dumville.
Mr. R. F. Cholmeley. Mr. A. R. Pickles.
Miss F. Gadesden. The Rev. H. B. Ryley.
Prof. John Adams. Miss B. Jones.
The Rev. Cecil Grant. Mr. W. D. Bentcliff.
Miss P. Lawrence. Mr. W. H. Baldwin.
Baron Kikuchi. Mr. W. Robson.
Mrs. Bryant, D.Sc. Miss C. E. Grant.
Mr. F. J. Gould. Mr. Graham Wallas.
Mr. J. H. Badley. Sir Edward Brabrook, C.B.
The Rev. Chancellor Bernard. Mr. D. R. Sharpe. .
Miss C. Graveson.
The Finance Committee consisted of Lord Avebury and Mr.
J. Martin White (joint honorary treasurers), the Rev. Dr. J.
Estlin Carpenter, Mr. Arnold Rowntree and Mr. M. E. Sadler.
Towards the cost of the inquiry donations of varying amount
were received from the following : The Right Hon. the
Lord Strathcona, Mr. Clifford Webster Barnes, A Friend,
Mrs. Winkworth, Mrs. F. W. Crossley, Mr. and Mrs. M. E.
Sadler, Mr. J. Martin White, Mr. W. Harvey, Mr. G. H.
Kenrick, Miss Alexandrina Peckover, the Right Hon. Sir
Horace Plunkett, Mr. Arnold Rowntree, Mr. A. W. Chapman,
Miss M. A. Lyster, Mr. C. G. Montefiore, Mr. J. H. Badley,
Mrs. George Cadbury, Rev. Dr. J. Estlin Carpenter, Miss M.
I. Gardiner, Mrs. Edwin Gray, Miss C. Herford, the Right
Hon. Henry Hobhouse, Mr. T. C. Horsfall, Sir Victor Horsley,
the Bishop of Ripon, Mr. A. Sidgwick, Mrs. H. Sidgwick, the
Earl of Stamford, Mr. R. A, Yerburgh, Sir Thomas Dyke
Acland, the Rev. Chancellor Bernard, the Bishop of Here-
ford, Mrs. Humphry Ward, Mr. A. Booth, the Right Hon. the
Lord Avebury, Mr. A. Burrell, Miss H. Busk, Mrs. Eckhard,
Mr. George Franklin, Rev. T. C. Fry, Mr. G. P. Gooch, Mr.
B. Hawker, Mr. J. R. Heape, Miss P. Lawrence, Miss C.
A. Lee, the Earl of Lytton, Mr. R. W. Macan, Mr. R. T.
Mallet, Mr. F. E. Marshall, Mr. George Payne, Mr. J. A.
Picton, Sir Owen Roberts, Dr. F. A. Sibly, Sir Albert Spicer,
M.P., Miss A. Walmsley, Rev. W. Warner, Dr. T. M. Watt,
Mrs. Woodhouse, Mrs. A. Booth, the Countess of Carlisle,
Rev. T. G. Gardiner, Mr. W. E. Hubbard, the Rev. the Hon. E.
Lyttelton, Miss E. Pease, Mr. H. J. Wilson, M.P., Prof. John
Adams, Prof. J. W. Adamson, Prof. S. Alexander, Miss Andrews,
Mr. R. L. Archer, Miss G. B. Ayre, Miss M. S. Beard, Rev. G.
C. Bell, Mr. A. C. Benson, Miss M. E. Bishop, Sir Edward
Brabrook, Judge Bradbury, Rev. J. Brierley, Sir E. Busk, Mr.
S. H. Butcher, Prof. L. Campbell, Rev. J. Chapman, Sir W. E.
Clegg, Miss Clough, Mr. F. C. Constable, Miss Cropper, Rev.
V. D. Davis, The Rt. Hon. Alfred Emmott, Mrs. Fawcett, Mr.
E. Fiddes, Mr. Frank Fletcher, Rev. L. Ford, Sir Edward Fry,
Miss F. Gadesden, Mr. F. Gallon, Miss Alice Gardner, Miss
Gaskell, the Bishop of Gloucester, Prof. F. Gotch, Rev. J. Gow,
Mr. C. H. Greene, Mr. P. J. Hartog, Sir H. Hibbert, Mr. Alex.
Hill, M.D. (Master of Downing), Mrs. Gilliland Husband, Mrs.
Huxley, Rev. Morris Joseph, Miss Law, Lady Low, Lady Emily
Lutyens, Prof. J. S. Mackenzie, Mr. H. J. Mackinder, Sir P.
Magnus, Mrs. Scott Maiden, Miss C. M. Mason, Mr. P. A.
Molteno, Miss J. D. Montgomery, Miss M. Morton, Miss M.
J. Mowbray, Prof. Muirhead, Rev. Canon Charles Myers, Mr.
J. L. Paton, Mr. Ion Pritchard, Miss A. Ravenhill, Dr. R. D.
Roberts, Mr. G. Gidley Robinson, Mr. John Russell, Dr.
Saleeby, Miss Scampton, Mrs. Scharlieb, Mr. George Smith,
Mr. H. Bompas Smith, Miss S. M. Smith, the Bishop of
Southwark, Miss K. Stevens, Rev. Canon Stevenson, Prof. G.
F. Stout, Mr. Arthur W. Sutton, Mr. H. M. Thompson, Mrs.
G. Unwin, Lady Verney, Mrs. William Watkins, Lady Welby,
Sir Raymond West, the Dean of Winchester, Mr. J. H. Yoxall,
M.P., Mrs. Armitage, Mrs. Walter Barrow, Mrs. Bryant, Prof.
Culverwell, Miss Day, Miss Annie M. Dobell, Miss S. B. Forth,
Mr. Vernon Harcourt, Hon. Mrs. Vernon Harcourt, Mr. C.
S. Loch, Sir Oliver Lodge, Miss A. McClure, Mrs. Rogers, Mr.
H. Samuel, Mr. F. C. S. Schiller, the Right Hon. J. Parker
Smith, Mr. C. E. Stansfield, the Bishop of Stepney, Rev.
Charles J. Steward, Mr. J. St. Loe Strachey, Miss B. H. Clift
and Staff, Miss M. M. Allan, Mr. G. H. Archibald, Mr. F. F.
Belsey, Miss Amy Bramwell, Rev. Reginald Bull, Rev. Canon
Cheyne, Dr. Drummond, Rev. Ellis Edwards, Mr. T. S. Foster,
Mr. J. H. Gettins, Prof. J. A. Green, Dr. F. H. Hayward, Mr.
H. B. Holding, Mr. H. E. W. Phillips, Miss C. Punch, Prof.
Carveth Read, Miss M. E. Robertson, Mr. C. B. Russell, Miss
M. Stainer, Miss Hermione Unwin, Miss M. R. Walker, Mr.
494 List of Members of Advisory Council
H. J. Wolstenholme, Mr. Israel Zangwill, the Rev. the Hon. J.
Adderley, Miss E. E. Ainsley, Mr. Fred Charles, Miss Connolly,
Rev. A. A. David, Prof. J. J. Findlay, Miss Gardner, Miss
Gimson, Miss M. E. Hargood, Mr. C. E. Maurice, Mrs. J.
Morrison, Miss E. Penrose, Miss Powell, Miss E. H. Sturge,
Mrs. H. Ware, Mr. A. E. Withy, Miss Alice Woods, Mrs.
Bennett, Miss A. L. Broome, Prof. R. M. Burrows, Miss E.
Case, Miss Dove, Miss Emery, Canon Fairchild, Miss M. Fry,
Rev. Dr. Garvie, Mr. F. J. Gould, Miss Mary Gregory, Miss S.
Gurney, Mr. W. Hewitt, Mr. S. G. W. Hewlett, Mrs. Mary
Higgs, Miss E. J. Hogg, Sir A. F. Hort, Mr. W. C. Johnson,
Mrs. Mumford, Miss E. A. Pearson, Miss Hilda M. Raw, Mrs.
Sherwen, Miss E. G. Skeat, Miss H. W. Sturge, Miss F. K.
Taylor, Mr. John Tulloch, Miss M. A. Vaughan, Miss S. A.
Walker, Miss S. E. Wells, Mr. A. M. Williams, Rev. St. J. B.
Wynne Willson, Mr. E. W. Worlledge, Mr. - F. W. Goldstone,
Mrs. F. J. Pidduck, Miss Jane Hay, Rev. C. Roper, Miss E.
R. Lap thorn, Mr. H. W. Atkinson, Mrs. Healey, Miss Gittins,
Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Wilson, Miss Mary Hervey.
Very liberal contributions were also made by members of the
Special thanks are due to Lord Strathcona, to Mrs. Wink-
worth, to Mr. J. Martin White and to Mr. Clifford W. Barnes
for donations without the help of which the investigation could
not have been undertaken upon so large a plan.
LIST OF MEMBERS OF ADVISORY COUNCIL,
25TH MARCH, 1907.
The Earl of Buckinghamshire.
The Earl of Lytton.
The Right Hon. the Earl of Meath, K.P.
The Earl of Stamford.
The Right Hon. Lord Avebury, F.R.S.
The Lord Winterstoke of Blagdon.
The Right Hon. Lord Strathcona, G.C.M.G., F.R.S.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Durham.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Ely.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Gloucester.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Hereford.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Peterborough.
List of Members of Advisory Council 495
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Ripon.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Rochester.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Southwark.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Stepney.
The Right Rev. J. E. C. Welldon, Dean of Manchester.
The Rev. the Hon. James Adderley.
The Very Rev. H. Adler, D.D., LL.D., Chief Rabbi.
The Rev. Charles F. Aked, D.D.
The Rev. Samuel A. Barnett, Canon of Westminster, President
of Toynbee Hall.
The Rev. Chancellor Bernard.
The Rev. Carey Bonner, General Secretary of the Sunday School
The Rev. W. Copeland Bowie.
The Rev. J. Brierley.
The Rev. Robert D. Brown.
The Rev. Reginald Bull.
The Rev. R. J. Campbell.
The Rev. John Clifford, D.D.
The Rev. J. G. Cromwell, Hon. Canon of Durham.
The Rev. V. D. Davis.
The Rev. James Drummond, LL.D., formerly Principal of
Manchester College, Oxford.
The Very Rev. W. M. Furneaux, Dean of Winchester.
The Rev. T. G. Gardiner.
The Rev. J. Monro Gibson, D.D., LL.D.
The Rev. E. W. Goodden.
The Rev. Henry Gow.
The Rev. J. Hirst Hollowell, Secretary of the Northern Counties
The Rev. J. Page Hopps.
The Rev. C. Silvester Home.
The Rev. John Hunter, D.D.
The Rev. Arthur W. Jephson, Hon. Canon of Southwark.
The Rev. Morris Joseph.
The Rev. J. H. Jowett, President of the Congregational Union.
The Rev. Charles H. Kelly.
The Very Rev. G. W. Kitchin, D.D., Dean of Durham.
The Rev. T. A. Lacey.
The Rev. Thomas Law, Secretary of the National Council of
the Evangelical Free Churches.
The Very Rev. J. Cameron Lees, C.V.O., D.D., LL.D.
496 List of Members of Advisory Council
The Rev. A. L. Lilley.
The Rev. Michael Maher, S.J., D.Litt.
The Rev. F. B. Meyer, President of the Baptist Union.
The Rev. G. Campbell Morgan, D.D., President of the Sunday
The Rev. W. D. Morrison, LL.D.
The Rev. Pearson Me Adam Muir, D.D.
The Rev. Conrad Noel.
The Rev. J. B. Paton, D.D.
The Rev. G. Rolland Ramsay, General Secretary of the Scottish
Christian Social Union.
The Rev. H. D. Rawnsley, Hon. Canon of Carlisle.
The Rev. James H. Rigg, D.D., formerly Principal of West-
minster Training College.
The Rev. Charles Roper.
The Ven. W. M. Sinclair, D.D., Archdeacon of London.
The Rev. I. Gregory Smith, LL.D.
The Rev. Charles J. Steward.
The Rev. J. M. Lloyd Thomas.
The Rev. W. J. Townsend, D.D.
The Rev. James Travis.
The Very Rev. Monsignor Ward.
The Rev. Alexander Whyte, D.D.
The Ven. A. B. O. Wilberforce, Archdeacon of Westminster.
The Rev. Joseph Wood.
The Rev. J. J. Wright.
F. D. Acland, M.P., Yorkshire, Richmond.
Percy Alden, M.P., Middlesex, Tottenham.
Sir William R. Anson, Bart., M.P., Oxford University.
Arthur W. Black, M.P., Beds, Biggleswade.
C. W. Bowerman, M.P., Deptford.
S. H. Butcher, M.P., Cambridge University.
W. P. Byles, M.P., Salford.
J. R. Clynes, M.P., Manchester, N.E.
Sir W. J. Collins, M.P., St. Pancras, W.
Sir Henry Cotton, K.C.S.I., M.P., Nottingham, E.
Will Crooks, M.P., Woolwich.
W. H. Dickinson, M.P., St. Pancras, N.
The Right Hon. Alfred Emmott, M.P., Oldham.
Charles Fenwick, M.P., Northumberland, Wansbeck.