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Mingchien Joshua Bau.

The foreign relations of China: a history and a survey online

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to British interests in 1907, by producing a secret agree-
ment alleged to have been signed in connection with the
Treaty of December 22, 1905, pledging the Chinese
Government not to construct, prior to the recovery
by them of the said railway (the South Manchuria
Railway), any main line in the neighborhood of and
parallel to that railway, or any branch line which
might be prejudicial to the interest of the above men-
tioned railway. 4

The great extension, however, of her sphere of influ-
ence came when the World War broke out. To repeat,
she first ousted Germany from Shantung and seized all
German interests — leaseholds, railways, mines, cables —
and this in violation of the sovereignty of China. I lav-
ing accomplished this, she presented the now celebrated
Twenty-one Demands, which, had they been fully
granted, would have given her the largesl sphere of in-
fluence or the position of paramount influence. By
Group I, she demanded the assent of the Chinese Gov-
ernment to any arrangement Japan Olighl make with Ger-
many at the end of the war relatin nu;iii

rights in Shantung (Article 1 }. ,; By Articles 156, 157.
and 158 of the Treat) of Peace with Germany signed

at Versailles, June 28, 1919, she was made the sole

successor to all German interests and rights in Shan-
tung, thus adding this Pi tvince to her sphere



Online LibraryMingchien Joshua BauThe foreign relations of China: a history and a survey → online text (page 18 of 39)