Mo.) Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904 : Saint Louis.

The greatest of expositions completely illustrated. Official publication; online

. (page 14 of 15)
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painter. In the door stands a young girl in the costume of Zeeland peasants, black,
green and white.


The peculiar features of the Japanese have, in the past few years, become so
familiar to us that a party of the Mikado's subjects, in an American city, excites no
comment whatever. Unfortunately the Japanese in our country are discarding their
picturesque dress and wearing ordinary American clothes. Surely nothing could be
more fascinating than one of the exquisite little morsels of femininity, clad in her grace-
ful kimono and sash, her glossy black hair puffed back from her low brow. The geisha
girls at the World's Fair all wear the native dress.

-269 —


In the Russian Imperial theater, one of the amusement places on The Pike, these
peasant dancers may be seen, dressed in their native costumes and as free and hearty
as if in their native land. The chorus of the Russian opera embraces two-score or
more native vocalists. Several of the male singers engaged with the troupe have,
since the opening of the Exposition, left to jointheirfighting countrymen in the Orient,
but their places have been filled by recruits from St. Petersburg.


Sweden's National Pavilion at the World's Fair represents a typical Swedish farm
house and it would not be complete without a typical Swedish maiden to give it domes-
tic color. This young woman is dressed in the native garb and is herself a genuine
representative of her people. It is her duty to distribute among the callers at the
Swedish building the literature that explains her country's attractions, and all who
have visited the Pavilion have had her smiles bestowed upon them.


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The~'most delightful and also the most characteristic local feature of the beautiful Tyrolean Alps on the Pike is the chorus of real Tyrolean singers. Indeed there are two of
these companies who came from Europe at the opening of the Exposition to aid in entertaining the guests in the Alps. One chorus, the Rainer company, is composed of fourteen
voices. The other, under the direction of Herr Pircher, includes twelve singers. This is the chorus in the illustration. The voices are exceptionally fine and are entirely
representative of the peasant singing in the Tyrol, for not one of the members has been trained, except for the placing of the voice. They sing exactly as they used to sing at
home. However ,'this is not their first appearance before the public. They had traveled all over Europe and given concerts in all the leading cities, including St. Petersburg,
Paris Vienna and Berlin. The Rainer chorus constituted one of the most attractive musical numbers of the exposition at Duesseldorf in 1902, and they are booked for a long
engagement in Berlin as soon as the Lpujsjan& Purchase Exposition is ended. The Pircher chorus will remain in America for one season at least.


Femininity of dress, according to the American standard, distinguishes the men of
Ceylon. With drapery reaching to the feet the Cingalese devises a substitute for
trousers, and above the skirt he wears a sash of gaudy silk. His arms and breast
are covered with ornaments, and jewels dangle from his ears. When the turban is
removed, a coiffure is displayed that represents more care and painstaking than the
average woman gives to her headdress. The native knots his glossy black hair
behind, holding it from the forehead with a fancy tortoise shell comb. A troupe of
Cingalese men and women are seen in strange native dances at Mysterious Asia.


Savage life in the Philippines is represented at the World's Fair by this brown-
skinned native who rules over a tribe of dog-eating human-head hunters. Antonio
stands before the door of his Nipa-covered hut watching with shaded eyes the mischief-
making of his subjects, who have the freedom of a large cuartel. This monarch of the
wilds wears only one royal garment, a breech-clout of cotton texture. His one other
article of dress is a small basket cap fastened to his black tuft of hair. This serves
as a receptacle for chewing tobacco, fish hooks and money, as well as being an adorn-
ment, Antonio's breast is tattooed with a record of the heads he has captured.


One of the most picturesque buildings in the foreign section is the Ceylon pavilion, a reproduction of an old Kandian temple. There are many points of the exterior that
suggest the remote island of Ceylon, the home of fragrant tea and wonderful laces ; but the interior is all Ceylon. There is scarcely an Occidental touch in the furnishings. There
are marvelous wood carvings, quaint hammered brass objects, furniture of sandal wood and porcupine quills, models of priests and dancing girls and hideous masks, such as are
used in the famous Devil Dance. Yet the most characteristic touch, the greatest sweep of "local color," is added by the waiters who serve tea to the visitors at the pavilion.
There are fourteen of them and they are all Cingalese men, wearing the native costume of the Island of Ceylon. They are handsome men, too, with keen dark eyes, crisp black
hair and swarthy skin. Their dress consists of a blanket skirt, a somewhat American shirt and a little white jacket. Around the waist is a broad black silk girdle and a little
black tie finishes the costume. The Cingalese wear no hats, and they permit their hair to grow long. It is then coiled and is ornamented by a circular comb of tortoise shell.
Most of these waiters speak English fluently.

— 273 —


When one passes down the Pike, he will do well to view the towering Nikko Gate of "Fair Japan," with its gracefully overhanging roof and great crimson columns twined
about with dragons and all glittering with electric lights. If he elects to enter, he comes upon a theater set in one of those dainty Japanese gardens of which we hear so much and
see so little. In the theater the geisha girls, fifty of whom were brought over for this attraction, entertain the visitor with the songs and dances popular in Japan. One of the
weirdest of these is the spider-dance. All of these performances are colorful and unique, and pervaded with the charm of Japanese young women, who flit about everywhere in the
gardens and bazaars, demure and fair. The garden at the left of the theater is a miniature copy of the Imperial Garden in Tokio, and with its tiny lakes, bridges of quaint design,
waterfalls and pavilions, makes an appropriate setting for the Oriental life of the place. Not far from 300 Japanese men, women and children inhabit this delightful spot, many of
them occupied with the care of the bazaars and little shops, where polite English is spoken to the visitor who may care to examine the exquisite wares offered for sale. In the tea
garden one may be served with light refreshments by the charming and dainty young women who are seen grouped near the Lake in the illustration.



The Pike is alive with music. Every type of instrument, every kind of music may be heard; but the best music on the Pike is to be heard in the gardens of Old Seville. In
the entire length of the Pike there is nothing more beautiful to be found than these gardens, that may be reached either through the restaurant to the left of the entrance or through
the great central arched court, which is a reproduction of the Plaza de Toros of Madrid. Within the enclosure the scene is that of Seville at the time of the Fiesta of Corso. The
living Spanish touch is given to the scene of old Spanish magnificence by the orchestra that discourses the most exquisite of music for the benefit of the guests who are seated at
the tables or who wander about in the beautiful gardens enjoying the charming Moorish decorations and the fantastic costumes that are to be seen on every side. The orchestra
consists of only ten pieces, yet it is one of the most perfect of all the small musical organizations to be heard in the World's Fair grounds. It is not actually Spanish in origin,
having come to St. Louis from San Antonio, Texas; but its members are all either Spanish or Mexican, and it was a Mexican orchestra of repute before its fame was known in the
Texas city. The leader, Carlos Ayalo, is a conductor of exceptional skill, and his reputation on the Pike is an enviable one,

- 275 —


The Russian dancers and singers affording entertainment at their striking building on the Pike have come from Moscow, and in spite of their sorrows at home they present
their national songs and dances with brave sprightliness. Their costumes are something we are not very familiar with, and their manner of singing and dancing is novel. The
boots that the maidens wear seem not to interfere with their liveliness, and the whole performance is conducted with a vigor that bespeaks a hardy race. The voices are good, with
a peculiar glottal quality, and the Russian sounds have a musical quality that surprises the ordinary American. The music that accompanies the dancing is always rhythmic and
clearly accented — joyous, not languorous or sensuous — and the troupe go smilingly through their parts as if they found pleasure in their work. Russia has felt it wise to devote
her energies and resources to the high purpose of alleviating the horrors of war, and has therefore withheld most of her intended participation in the Exposition, so that the repre-
sentation on the Pike is her chief contribution. A number of merchants united in making a limited display of manufactured products.


A great dragon that looks as if it might breathe fire and slay with perfect ease all who approach it guards the entrance to the Chinese Village on the Pike. At the present
time, when both China and Japan are so much in the public eye, the Celestials are of exceptional interest to Americans. Nowhere can these strange people be seen in all their
native environment better than in their village. Here they carry on their natural occupations exactly as if they were at home. Among the five hundred individuals who were
brought over from China for the World's Fair there are merchants, actors, magicians and representatives of all the trades. The workmen are engaged in their labor of moulding
pottery, carving wood, handling tea and all the other occupations that are most characteristic of their home, and all this is for the benefit of the visitor who will probably never
have an opportunity of seeing the artisan in his native shop. In addition to the booths of the merchants and toilers, there is a theater in which the real Chinese drama is given
by Chinese actors and actresses. The performance is so utterly unlike anything that is to be found in the Western Hemisphere that no one should miss seeing it. There are also
two restaurants where Chirese dishes, ranging in price from one to twenty dollars, may be had.

— 277 —


The most pleasing feature of the Chinese Village is the array of little children who are employed to attract the crowd to the entrance of the concession. The youngest of
these little people is but three years old, and he lives in the village with his parents, both of whom are merchants. Of the others, Ah See, the nine-year-old boy, is the brightest
and most promising. He is an accomplished musician and takes ah important part in the theatrical performance. Fanny Moy, the seven-year-old daughter of the village druggist,
is the singer of the company. Her voice is clear and well modulated, and her English is almost without a suggestion of foreign accent. The visitor is astonished to find many of
these little Chinese children conversing fluently in the language that they had never heard until they reached America, only a few months ago. They are all under bond of J6500
each, the bonds being deposited with the United States government as surety for their return to China after the World's Fair. For many of them a bond was also given to the
parents who remained at home. During their stay in St. Louis they are under government inspection at all times, and physicians detailed from the army service look after their
physical well-being. They also receive instruction in English from a returned missionary who knew some of them in China.

— 27S —


On rugs and mats spread over the hard pavement of an oriental street in Mysterious Asia these Hindu jugglers and acrobats perform wonderful feats of strength and daring,
adding their best of old-world amusements to the varied entertainments seen on the Pike. The youngest of the troupe is a lad of ten, and the eldest a muscular fellow who seems
to have derived his strength from his years. While the performers build human pyramids with their agile frames, and tumble them down in thrilling maneuvers, an orchestra of
queer-sounding instruments keeps up a dirge that apparently gives verve and rhythm to the movements of the actors. Tumbling and contorting are the chief features of the
performance, andin those arts the Hindu people claim to have no superiors. It is with them a. pastime of tradition and a profession that is among the most sacred. As a climax for
the display of strength and agility one of the giants mounts upon his shoulders all of the other acrobats and to the quickening time of the music spins his human burden around in
a dizzy whirl, dispersing the actors one by one, each alighting upon his feet.

— 279—


The most valuable feature of a great World's Fair is the concourse of strange peoples, such as one would not be able to see in an ordinary journey around the earth. Never
before have so many nationalities and tribes been brought together as may be seen at the World's Fair. Every class of American native, from the Esquimau of the far north to the
giant of Patagonia is here. There are pygmies and Kaffirs from Africa, Ainus from the north of Japan and at least four distinct races that represent the inhabitants of the
Philippines. These widely separated peoples may be studied in their characteristic dwellings in the Philippine Reservation, the live Anthropology section in connection with the
Model Indian School and on the Pike. It is on Sunday afternoons that the children of all these strange parents are brought together. The Model Playground, in the eastern part
of the Exposition grounds, a part of the Model City, is the scene of the Congress of A(l Nationalities. Here Moro and Igorrote, Ainu and Cocopa, Esquimau and Moqui rub shoulders
with their more civilized brothers. It is a sight that may never be seen again, one well worthy to be seen.

— 280 —


The Ainus are among th& aboriginal types exhibited in the ethnology section of the Department of Anthropology. To have a luxuriant growth of hair is esteemed
by them one of the chief graces. Even the women have mustaches tattooed on their upper lips. These people come from the extreme northern part of Japan but
are not in any degree of the Japanese race. Only about sixteen thousand of them are known to exist, the remnant of a once powerful race. They live chiefly by
fishing. Their dwellings are rudely thatched huts, and they are very kind hearted and polite people. Their history is in obscurity, as they have no written records
They were the occupants of the Japan Islands when the Japanese landed thereon, and were driven slowly northward and their numbers depleted to the few colonies
that now live upon the Island of Yezzo, the Kuriles and the Siberian mainland. Their garments are made of cloth woven from the barks of trees. Each family has
its place of worship just outside the house and tliey have many curious and interesting customs,

— 28i-^



Cairo is one of the most interesting of old-world cities. A portion of the streets of this ancient Egyptian city is reproduced on the Pike, and on these crooked thoroughfares
are found almost every class of Egyptian citizenship. The prosperous merchantman is distinguished by his baggy trousers and the fez that adorns his head. His garments are of
a fine texture and there is an air of prosperity that is unmistakable. Then there is the gypsy, a less industrious class, but one every bit as interesting. The gypsy is recognized,
also, by his peculiar headgear and by a characteristic form of dress which is neither as neat nor as expensive as that worn by the merchant. All Egyptians .are inveterate users of
tobacco, and in one of the views two citizens of different types are seen exchanging fire for their cigarettes. Everywhere in the ancient city the street musician is in evidence and
these odd characters give a familiar touch to this reproduction. It is more often that they are seen alone, but two of the pipers are here engaged in a duet. They depend upon the
charity of pedestrians and derive a fair revenue from their occupation, both at the World's Fair and in their native city.

— 2S2 —


In the western part of the Exposition grounds, not far from the Philippine Reservation, is the interesting encampment of Indians brought from the various Government reser-
vations. There are about two hundred of these wards of the nation at the Fair. There are twenty-five or more Sioux from the Rosebud Agency, five of whom are shown in the
illustration, the men in their war bonnets, and the whole party richly decorated with bead work. In the center stands Tall Crane, and at the left his wife. The Sioux are among
the most advanced and interesting of the tribes of American Indians. Originally they occupied the Atlantic coast region, and along the Chesapeake Bay they came into contact with
the buffalo and became hunters of the animal, following it toward the West as the herds became lessened. Down the tributaries of the Ohio to the Mississippi the Sioux made
their way; the buffalo always their quest and their source of livelihood and wealth. They were the typical Indians of one stage in our country's history, occupying the great plains
and opposing the white man's advance. Some of the fiercest battles fought against savages have been those in which the Sioux were engaged, but they were a courageous foe.



A party of representative Esquimaux, from Alaska and Labrador, give the life and realism to the scenes of ice and snow in the Esquimau Village on the Pike. Their work
and their play are both shown. Their huts of snow and ice and their tents of sealskin shelter them as at home, and the visitor may watch them weaving beautiful baskets, or
fashioning garments of skins, or repairing the harness and equipment of the dogs that draw the sleds over the trail of mimic ice. On a platform amid ice and snow these natives
give the bear dance, the sun dance and the snow dance, hold novel and lively wrestling matches, and give astonishing exhibitions of strength and agility, and of their skill in the
use of the harpoon and the bow and arrow. Besides the exhibit of the natives themselves, there is a demonstration of Alaskan gold mining; but the arctic museum is half the
exhibit, worthy of repeated visits. Here is an immense display of Esquimau handiwork and of the animals of the North, all entertainingly explained in fluent English by a young
native. Miss Nancy Columbia, who was born at the Columbian Exposition in 1893, and has toured much of the world since, is in the Village, and is, perhaps, the most famous
representative of these cheerful, hardy people.


;e people, of whom there are about a score at the Exposition, come from Lower California, Mexico, and are a part of. the anthropological exhibit in the western part of
3. The tall man at the right is Chief Pablo Colorado, and the gray-haired man toward the left is "Captain Tom" Moore, the oldest of the little colony. The background

the grounds.

of the picture is formed by one of their tulas, or native houses. They are a shy people, and an agent of the Department of Anthropology had to live four months with them before
gaining their confidence sufficiently to induce them to visit the Fair. They follow methods of agriculture in vogue before the time of Columbus, and grow corn, beans and other
crops from seed preserved in unbroken lineage for centuries. Beautiful bead work is one of their products, and the males are very skillful in archery. They all wear their hair very
long. The men of the tribe are among the largest of American aborigines, while the women are among the smallest In their native country they are a migratory people, retiring
from' their valleys to the foot-hills when the high waters come, and returning, when the waters have receded, to the ground that has been inundated and fertilized as the Nile renews
the soil by its annual overflow.

— 285 —


The most remarkable group of human beings in the live anthropological exhibit is that from south central Africa. They are of three widely different classes of savages
although they are all Ethiopians. This group was brought to America by the Rev. Mr. Verner, a missionary who has explored much of the Dark Continent. Several of the boys
belong to the tribe called Red Africans because of the red tinge to their skin and hair. Four of the men, in stature like the ordinary American boy of six or seven, are pygmies, or the
aboriginal inhabitants of Africa. Even in the time of the Egyptian greatness the existence of these small negroes was known, and they were greatly feared because of their unerring
aim and poisoned arrows. One of the inhabitants of the African Village at the World's Fair is a cannibal, and his teeth are filed down to sharp points. The most important
personage in the village is Lutano, the son of King Ndombe, who is supreme ruler, under the Belgian protectorate, of the Congo Free State and holds as tributaries many of the
surrounding tribes. So the third boy from the left side of the illustration will one day rule over a territory half as large as the United States,

— 286—

Index to Illustrations

exhibit palaces and Buildings

Agriculture, Palace of 22

Agriculture, California Section, in Palace of.. 48

Art Palaces, Main Entrance to 5

Art, Palace of 37

Congresses, Hall of 39

Education, Palace of 6

Education, Palace of, at Night 7

Electricity, Palace of 12

Electricity, Palace of, Corner Tower, etc 13

Electricity, Palace of, at Night 14

Electricity, Palace of, Entrance 193

Electricity and Varied Industries, at Night... 63

Emergency Hospital 56

Festival Hall and Central Cascades 49

Festival Hall and Grand Basin 3

Fisheries Building, Government '. 26

Forestry, Fish and Game : 39

• Forestry, Palace of, Alaskan Exhibit 63

Horticulture, Palace of 25

Liberal Arts, Palace of 10

Liberal Arts, Palace of, at Night 17

Liberal Arts, Palace of, Entrance 193

Liberal Arts, Palace of, South Entrance *. 32

Machinery, Palace of 11

Machinery and Electricity, at Night 17

Manufactures, Palace of 15

Mines and Metallurgy 16

Mines and Metallurgy, Entrance to. . . , ; . 8

Mines, Palace of, West Front 60

/Mines, German House and East Restaurant. . . 24

Physical Culture Building and Gymnasium. . .■ 58

Transportation, Palace of 18

United States Government Building 30

Varied Industries, Palace of 34

Varied Industries, Plaza Front 43

Washington University Buildings 184

foreign Buildings and exhibits

Argentine Pavilion 89

Austrian Pavilion, East Wing Room 93

Austrian Pavilion 92

Belgian Building 90

Belgian Building, Old Flemish Room 91

Brazilian Pavilion 87

Brazilian Pavilion, Interior 88

British Exhibit of Textile Machinery. 80

British Pavilion ■ 81

Canada's Forestry Exhibit : 70

Canadian Pavilion 69

Ceylon .■ 76

China 78

Chinese Building, Interiors 79

Chinese Exhibit, Palace of Liberal Arts 46

Cuba.. ..: '...... 77

East India Pavilion 95

Elizabethan Room, British Pavilion 82

Foreign Buildings, from Observation Wheel . . 65

French Pavilion 85

French Pavilion, Rare Tapestries in 86

German Country House, Court of 84

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14

Online LibraryMo.) Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904 : Saint LouisThe greatest of expositions completely illustrated. Official publication; → online text (page 14 of 15)