Montana Advisory Council for Indian Education.

The history of Adams County Illinois : containing a history of the county - its cities, towns, etc. a biographical directory of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion; general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, history of the northwest, his online

. (page 1 of 152)
Online LibraryMontana Advisory Council for Indian EducationThe history of Adams County Illinois : containing a history of the county - its cities, towns, etc. a biographical directory of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion; general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, history of the northwest, his → online text (page 1 of 152)
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3 1833 00828 8844

Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center





ADAMS County,








History of the Northwest, History of Illinois,

Map of Adams County, Constitution of the United States,

Miscellaneous Matters, Etc., Etc.




85 Washington St.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1879, by


In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C.

Blakei.y, Brown & Marsh, Manufactured hy

Printers, Donohue & Henneberry,

155 and :S7 Dearborn Street, Chicago. Chicago.



Could Time's eternal scroll have been unrolled by some magic hand, and three score
C^years of his close-mouthed secrets been portrayed in panoramic view to the astonished gaze
)/, of John Wood, as he stood upon the rugged crest of the bluft" where the city of Quincy now
is, and took a survey of the Great River" as it flowed on in silent, resistless grandeur, with
bosom unrufiied by paddle or oar ; or turnin
dressed and ever varying landscape of undi
away until the green and blue blent in misty
bird, have fluttered to be free from its narrow^ house, that the disenthralled spirit might
rise heavenward to mingle with the forest choristers his meed of praise to the God of Na-
ture and of Time.

More than fifty-eight eventful years have been erased from the eternity of the future and
written in the eternity of the past since that day, and still the grand old man lives to see
the scroll of time unrolled.

When Mr. Wood stood upon the site of Quincy, in February, 1819, and resolved that he
would plant civilization on that spot, there was no mark of the white man's presence in the
ainbroken wilderness of what is now Adams County. The woodman's despoiling ax had
"leveled no tree of the primitive forest, nor had the then rude implements of the husband-
man disturbed a wisp of the prairie virgin sward. The herds of sleek deer leisurely cropped
the tender herbage of the thicket, or lay lazily ruminating in the shaded glen, without
knowledge or fear of the argus-eyed huntsman ; the saucy wolves galloped in gangs about
the prairies, in search of victims on which to glut their screed for blood, regardless of the
near coming of their most deadly foe; while the wild Indian indolently floated about in his
bark canoe fishing, or wandered over his "happy hunting grounds" in search of game,
with no thought of being disposessed of his domain by the encroachments of the greedy
W^ale face. But what change busy mind and hand hath wrought in little more than half a
\century ! In the year 1822, John Wood returned to put his former resolution into execution
and planted the nucleus of the new order of things by erecting the first cabin, in December
of that year. Willard Keyes built the second one, on the site of Quincy, while Justice I.
Perigo and Daniel Lisle settled in other parts of the county about the same time. Ihus
began wdiice man's history in Adams county, now one of the most populous and wealthy
in the great " North West." .

It is to gather up and arrange in chronological order and historic form the important
events that have transpired during this marked transition of the wild wilderness to the
beautiful cultivated farms, the ^' Red man's" wigwam to the palatial home, and the
teeming towns and cities, with their fine business blocks, their splendid school houses,
colleges and church edifices, and from the diminutive Indian pony to the iron horse and the
harnessed lightning, as vehicles of burden and thought, that we, with our corps ot helpers
have many months been engaged. This volume is the result of these months ot diligent
labor and earnest research. f+ f

The value of a history depends upon its accuracy. Truth must ever be the motto oi
the historian, else his book is but a prosy, pointless fable. It has been the purpose ana ei-
fort of the publishers of this work to compile a reliable and valuable reference book lor tne
posterity of those heroic fathers and mothers who battled with nature and won. Many
were their labors, hardships and privations during those years of pioneer lite, but gi ana
have been the results. To gather up the fragmentary facts of nearly sixty years, many oi
them hitherto unwritten, and only treasured in the minds of those early settlers who were
the actors in, or observers of, what transpired, the details and important connections oi
which have slipped through the meshes of memory— and rivet them into a faulMess cnain
of history, is beyond mortal ken. But neither time nor eftbrt has been spared to Procure
the " missing links " and bridge the chasms, so as to present to our readers as compieie a
record as possible. How well we have succeeded in the object sought they must jua^e,
but we trust not rashly, for in seeking for information to establish points ot ^^^^^^^^Vfiv
terest, while generally we and our assistants received the kindest of treatment '^ii*^ J^^ j^
responses to such inquiries, there are other instances where every atterupt was oame ,
either by the inexcusable delay in furnishing promised matter, or willful indiflerence "i j;"^
persons appealed to. Then, too, there are frequently dilferences of opinion as regar


the dates, names, etc., in -which cases some one will declare the record ol them in this work
at fault; but in every instance the most reliable data were obtained and published. As
far as the history is founded upon recorded facts, it can be safely said to be trustworthy
for it was written with great care with reference to dates and proper names.

The war record was compiled from the Adjutant General's, and other published re-
ports, and carefully re-read and compared, and will be found very correct.

The history of the county seat contest, which is quite full, was also obtained from
published facts and records, and from living witnesses, and prepared with special pre-

Quite a large portion of the history of the early settlement of the county was procured
through ex-Governor John Wood, and from the records of the "Old Settlers' Association,"
and from General John Tillson's carefully kept memorabilia of dates and occurrences, as he
has gathered them from the most authentic sources, and from his own acute observations
and wonderful memory.

Whatever of merit this volume possesses as a work of history, is very largely due to the
material furnished and other invaluable aid, so cheerfully rendered in many ways, to the
publishers and their agents, by the persons whose names we here mention in grateful
acknowledgement :

Ex-Gov. John Wood, Gen. John Tillson, Willis Haselwood, County Clerk, and his ef-
ficient deputy, Mr. Head; Gen. James W. Singleton, Hon. O. H. Browning, Gen. J, D.
Morgan, Anton Binkert, County Treasurer; George Brophy, Circuit Clerk : Col. Edward
Prince, Cadogan & Gardner, of the Quincy Herald ; D. Wilcox & Sons, Qxiincy Whig ;
Addison L. Langdon, Quincy Commercial Review ; Quincy Daily News ; G. L. Hoffmann,
Editor of the Oermania ; W. D. Perry, Proprietor of the County Neics ; Geo. W. Cyrus,
Proprietor of Camp Point Journal, ; Orestes Ames, Esq. ; Al])ert Beebe, Esq. ; Dr. Joseph
Bobbins, Dr. M. F. Bassett, Lorenzo Bull, Esq. ; Wm. McFaden, Esq. ; Chas. W. Kcyes,
Ben. H. Miller, John Wessels, Michael Farrell, John Williams, E. K. Stone, Gen. E. B.
Hamilton, A. W. Blakesley, John J. Metzger, John M. Grimes, Hon. J. N. Carter, Mavor
W. T. Rogers, Mrs. Sarali Denman, Mrs. Chas. H. IVIorton, Mrs. Jacob Dick, Col. K." K.
Jones, Joseph H. Stewart, John M. Sterne, John T. Turner, Col. S. B. Chittenden, S. H.
Bradley, Adam E. Horn, Thomas Bailey, Richard Seaton, E. B. Curtis, Prof. S. F. Hall,
Hon. Maurice Kelly, Dr. T. G. Black, James Campbell, Charles Ballow, Wm. ]\Iontgomery,
S. M. Irwin, Solomon Wigle, Edw'd F. Humphrey, Perry Alexander, Rev. Wm. Stewart,
Henry Summers, J. O Bernard, Woodford Lawrence, W. A. Mitchell, Rev. H. C Adams,
H. E. Wharton, R. F. Edmunds, W. C. Taylor, Osker Wagy, Rev. G. W. Huntley, Philo E.
Thompson, Joel K. Scarborough, Brackett Pottle, Geo. H. Walker, J. B- Fraize"r, Alex M.
Smith, D. Whitlock, Hon. Ira Tyler, Philip Fahs, C. J. Tenhaeft", J. J. Graham, Charles M.
Gammer, James Sykes, M. D., James Richardson, Sr., Hon. W. T. Yeargain, Michael Ste-
vens, Christopher Seals, Paris T. Judy, Geo. Phirman, Henry Renken, "A. C. Robertson,
Wm. Sykes, Geo. Hughes, E. W. Lierly, Geo. Cutforth, Laris Pulman, Ii-win Anderson,
W. D. Dodd, J. W. SteflFen.

To the above persons, to the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Adams county, to the
members of the Newspaper Press of the county generally, to the Pastors and Officers of the
various churches, and to the many citizens throughout the county wlio have so courteouslj-
assisted us in this arduous labor, we tender our most sincere thanks.

And now we write the word Finia. Our work conscientiously performed, is complete.
The result we hand j^ou, believing that when you have carefully examined it, you will find
it comparatively free from errors, and to contain much that you will be proud to transmit
to posterity; and we hope and trust you can truthfully award us the verdict, "well done.-"

To our numerous subscribers and their families, this volume is respectfully dedicated
by the publishers,

Murray, Williamson & Phelps.

July, 1879.



The Northwest Territory:

fiarly French Explorations in the Mississippi

Valley 7

Early Settlements in the Northwest 14

The Northwestern Territory 22

The Louisiana Purchase 28

Indian Wars in the Northwest 34

Sketches of Black Hawk and Other Chiefs... 42

Early Navi2;ation of Western Rivers 56

Archseology of the Northwett. 59

Sketches of the Western and Northwestern

States 67

Expedition of Lewis and Clark 86

Sketch of Chicago 96

History of Illinois:

Former Occupants 17

Indians 21

Early Discoveries 31

French Occupation 44

English Rule 47

County of Illinois 55

Northwestern Territory 55

Ordinance of 1787 56

Illinois Territory 59

War of 1813. The Outbreak 59

Illinois as a Stale 74

Indian Troubles 83

Black Hawk War 84

From 1834 to 1842 95

Prairie Pirates 102

Morman War 104

Mexican War 118

Dress and Manners 149

Physical Features of Illinois.. 154

Agriculture 155

Governors of Illinois 157

United States Senators 162

Representatives in Congress 165

Chicago 170

States of the Union 177

Digest of State Laws 187-238

History of Adams County 239

Chapter I.

Boundaries— Geological —Carboniferous— St. Louis
Sand Stone — Kinderhook Group— Economical
Geology — Bituminous Coal — Limestone for
Lime — Clay and Sand for Brick— Soil and
Timber 239

Chapter II.

French Missionaries— Discovery of the Mississippi-
History Prior to State Organization— First White
Settlement of the County— Organization of the
County— Origin of Names of County and County
Seat — First Election— Court Seals — Entry of
County Seat Land— Quincy Platted— First Sale
of Town Lots— First Marriage 257

Chapter III.

First Court House — County Commissioners'
Court— Town Rates— Rules of County Commis-
sioner's Court— Lead Mine Excitement — Suck-
ers—School and Temperance— First Stock of
Goods— First Ferry Rates— Maine Street Opened
in Quincy— Fiscal — First County Jail— First
Preaching— Brick Made — Deep Snow 266

Chapter IV.

First Flouring Mill— Land OfBce Investigation—
Tavern Rates Established— Weather in 1832—
Black Hawk War- Anecdotes— Causes of Slow
Growth — Cholera— Population— Prices of Pro-

duce — Wild-cat Schemes — Agricultural —
Mails- Prices in Quincy — The Jail —Election
Precincts — Incorporation — County Seat Con-
test— Columbus— Highland County 272

Chapter V.

The Mormons— The Quincy Riflemen— The Mexican
War 296

Chapter VI.

The California Excitement— The Asiatic Cholera,
Etc 307

Chapter VII.

Township Organization— Origin — Report of Com-
missioners-Division of County into Town-
ships—First Meeting of Board— Names of Mem-
bers-Election Precincts— Aid to Soldiers' Fam-
ilies-Difficulties in Paying Taxes — Bounty
Act— County Line 312

Chapter VIII.

Burning of the Court House- County Seat Elec-
tion—The New Court House— Proceedings of
the Board of Supervisors in Relation to the
Building— Description of the Building as Com-
pleted—Occupancy 332

Chapter IX.

The Civil War— Cairo Expedition— Col. B. M. Pren-
tiss takes Command — Ten Regiments of In fantry
and Cavalry— Cavalry— Independent Regiments
— New Call — General Call — Recruiting again
Stopped — Recruiting for Old Regiments— Ex-
citement in May — Last Calls — Appointments
and Promotions 330


Chapter X.

Adams County — War Record

Chapter XI.

Early Settlements— By Whom and How Made— First
Settlers— Old Settlers' Society— List of Mem.
bers — Eirly Experiences —First Ferry— Eirly
Customs— Lost Children— First Mill— Their Life ^
and Work 395

Chapter XII.

Bench and Bar— Judges of Circuit Court— Primi-
tive Practice— Early Members— Legal Contests
—Bar Association 407

Chapter XIII.

Miscellaneous Mention— County Officials— Precinct
Elections, 1835— First Court— First Probate Mat-
ters—High Water— Agricultural Society 420

Chapter XIV.

The Press ^29

Chapter XV.

Horticultural— Medical Society 435

Chapter XVI.

history of Q0INCT.

Historical— City Officers- Commercial and Manufac-
turing—Ice Harvest— Churches— Water Works




— Fire Department— Schools — Academy of Mu-
sic—Opera House — Railroad Bridge— Military —
Societies — Railroads — Building Association-
Gas Company— Cemeteries 453

Chapter XVII.


Beverly — Benton— Camp Point— Clayton— Concord
— Columbus- Ellington — Fall Creek— Gilmer-
Houston— Honey Creek— Keene— Lima— Liberty
— Mendon — Melrose — McKee— Northeast- Pay-
son— Richfield- Ursa 503

Concluding Chapter.

Mounts and Mound-Builders — Swamp and Over-
flowed Lands— The Soldiers" Monument— The
County Poor— Temperance— Educational-Pub-
lic Buildings— Benevolent Societies— Firemens'
Benevolenr Association— Quincy Free Reading
Room— Q,uiiicy Library— Tiie Youn^Mens' Chris-
tian Association — C'haiitable Aid and Hospi-
tal A6'<ociation— Qnincy Work House— Hotels —
Manufactories— The Wholesale Trade of Quincy
— Quincy Horse Railway and Carrying Com-
pany — United Presbyterian Church, of Clayton —
Chii.>itian Church, Pleasant View — Christian
Church, Ursa 933


Westward, the Star of Empire takes its vyay 17

An Indian Camp 33

Indian-; irying a Prisoner 49

A Pioneer Winter 65

Lincoln Monument, Springfield 72

Chicago in 1820 , 97

Present site of Lake Street Bridge, Chicago, 1833. 97

Old Fort Dearborn, 18.30 103

The Old Kinzie House 103


IllinoLs State Capitol 17

Starved Rock on Illinois River near Peru 25

Iroquois Chief 37

Gen. George Rogers Clark 49

Gen. Arthur St. Clair 59

Pontiac, The Ottawa Chief 69

Black Hawk, The Sac Chief 85

Insane Hospit il, Jacksonville 99

Illinois Industrial University 99

Illinois Institute for Deaf and Dumb.. Ill

Illinois Charitable Kve and Ear Infirmary 115

Southern Illinois Normal University, Carbon-
dale 121

Illinois Asylum for Feeble Miuded .Children 143

Scene on Pox River 151

Passenger Depot L. S. &. M. S., and C. R. I. & P.

R. R. Companies, Chicago 167

Sectional View of LaSaile Street Tannel 170

Inter-State Industrial Exposition 173

Lake Crib Chicago Water Works 177

Adam!^ County Court Hjuse 2 58

Franklin School, Quincy 478

The Jeffer'-on School, Quincy 482

Maplewood High School, Camp Point 514

Chaddack College, Quiucy 940

St. Francis Solauus College, Quincy 942



Abel Christian 540

Artus Joseph 460

Bailey Thomas 752

Baker Aaron 888

Baker George 552

Bassett M. F 596

Batscuv C 760

Leebe Silas 398

Bebrensmeyer C. F. A 374

Binkert A 310

BlackT.G 734

Booth Stephen , 800

Bowles A. E 286

Bowles Holmau 366

Bradley Daniel 786

Bradley S . H 794

Bredewpg JohnG. H 718

Browning Hon. O. H 406

Brophy Georee 318

Buttz A. H. D 402

Byrd Wm. A., M. D 608

Cadogan John P 433

Campbell James 278

Castle T. H 264

Chapman E. W 286

Chase Charles 286

Chittendrjn John B 788

Chittenden S. R 790

Church Samuel P = 270

Calvin D. P ' 810

Cooley Hon. H. S 160

Cranshaw Tneophilus 846

Crippen Samuel L 382

Curtis C. R. S 612

Cutfoflh George 366

Cyrus George W 512

DanehertyM 810

Davis Levi 854

Fairchild M. Augusta 622

Frazer James 286


Gartner Henry J 432

GayV. P. 760

Geisel Henry .'i90

flallS. F 294

Hardv-I.P 534

Haseiwood Willis 302

Hulse Wm 724

Iu2rah;im Thos .• 760

Jarrett James 456

Jones K. K 390

JudyParisT 366

Kelley Hon. Maurice 880

Kendall Lewis 724

Keyes Willard 258

King E. M . : .♦. 902

Kinney Benjamin 502

Langdon Addison L... 430

Larimore Albert W 552

Larimore J. W 552

Lawrence Woodford 552

Lewi'fEber 728

Likes A. H 888

Likes Wm 88'^

Logue J. C 518

Lowery Thos 760

Mclntyre Robert 540

Moecker H 664

Montgomery Wm 748

Moore F. C 486

Moore John, M . D 494

Morgan Gen. Jas. D 352

Morris George 366

ilorrison Hugh C 888

Morton CM 510

Nichols James 810

Norwood J. E 670

Ording Henry 326

PfanschmidtH. C 724

PfeitferP 590

Powell <J0hn 526




Powell Wm. C 526

Ealston J.N 680

Rankin Robert 910

Redmond Thos 472

Richardson Gen. James 502

Robertgon John B 502

Roeschlaub M. J 448

Rogers W. T .' 452

Ruddell J. M 800

Ravage Chas. A 728

Seals C 534

Seals Joseph 534

SegerS. E 466

Sheer David 540

Singleton Gen. Jas. W 498

Steiner Michael 534

Sterne John W 526


Stewart J. H 434

Summers Henry .."!.546

Summers Richard [ I526

Sykes James Sen 820

Tenhoeff C. J !!!874

Tenhoeff W goo

Terrill Geo. F ! ! . . 506

Thompson W. H 566

Tillsou Gen. John .330

Van Der Wall Peter ....!502

Wagner Jacob . 590

Walker Geo. H .810

Wible Daniel 800

Wilcox Daniel 428

Williams Archibald 414

Wii^kiarchen Heinrich 590

Wood Ex-Gov. John Frontispiece



Ci';y of Quincy 591-716

Ellington 734

Clayton 753

Camp Point 772

Melrose ...787

Mpndon 800

Ursa 811

Beverly • 821

Payson 841

McKee 847

Lima 856


Keene 863

Northeast ' 876

Liberty 883

Richfield 891

Honey Creek 901

Gilmer 907

Pall Creek 914

Burton 920

Columbus 924

Houston 928

Miscellaneous 931



Mao of Adams County Front .

Official Vote of Adams County 450-451

Tabular statement 45'^

8th Regiment Illinois Natiinal Guards 561

ConBtitutii.n of United States 567

Electors of Presidt-ut and Vice-President, 1876. .579

Practical Rules for E > ery Day Use 579

U. S Government Land Measure 582

Surveyors' Measure 583

How to Keep Accounts 583


Interest Table 584

Miscellaneous Table 584

Population of the United States 585

Population of Fifty Principal Cities 585

Population of Illinois .586-.587

Agricultural Productions of Illinois by Cjuu-

tiL-8 1870, 588-589

Population and Area of th- United States 590

Population and Area of the Principal Coun-
tries of the world 590


^^P OF

County "i^'

The Northwest Territory.



De Soto — Lo Caron — Samuel de Champlain — French Adventurers — James Marquette — Louis
Joliet — Embarkation to Explore New Countries — Lake Michigan and Green Bay — The
"Ouisconsin" — Indian Accounts of the Countiy — Discovering' the Great River — Indian
Name of the River — Joy of the Explorers — Interview with Indians on Iowa Soil — Feast —
Speech of an Indian Chief — The Des Moines River — " Muddy Water " — The Arkansas —
Return — Indian Nations — Marquette's Record — His Subsequent Voyage — La Vantura —
Marquette's Death — Removal of His Remains — Joliet's Subsequent Explorations — Robert
La Salle — Louis Hennepin — Chevalier de Tonti — De La Motte — Fort Crevecceur — Henne-
pin's Voyage — Falls of St. Anthony — Seur de Luth — Hennepin's Claims as an Explorer —

!' Colonization of Louisiana — Dissensions — Murder of La SaJle.

The three great colonizing powers of the Old World first to raise the
standard of civilization within the limits of North America were France,
England, and Spain. The French made their earliest settlements in the
cold and inhospitable regions of Quebec; the English at Jamestown, Vir-
ginia, and at Plymouth, Massachusetts; and the Spaniards on the barren
sands of Florida. To the French belongs the honor of discovering and colo-
nizing that portion of our country known as the Valley of the Mississipj)i,
including all that magnificent region watered by the tributaries of the Great
River. It is true that more than one hundred years earlier (1538-41) the
Spanish explorer, De Soto, liad landed on the coast of Florida, penetrated the
everglades and unbroken forests of the south, finally reaching the banks of
the Great River, probably near where the city of Memphis now stands.
Crossing the river, he and his companions pursued their journey for some
distance along the west bank, thence to the Ozark Mountains and the Hot
Springs of Arkansas, and returning to the place of his death on the banks of
the Mississippi. It was a perilous expedition indeed, characterized by all
the splendor, romance and valor which usually attended Spanish adventurers
of that age. De Soto and his companions were the first Europeans to behold
the waters of the Mississippi, but the expedition was a failure so far as related
to colonization. The requiem chanted by his companions as his remains
were committed to the waters of the great river lie had discovered, died
away with the solemn murmurs of the stream, and the white man's voice
was not heard again in the, valley for more than a hundred years. De Soto
had landed at Tampa Bay, on the coast of Florida, with a fleet of nine ves-
sels and seven hundred men. More than half of them died, and the remainder
made their way to Cuba, and finally back to Spain.

Four years before the pilgrims "moored their bark on the wild Kew Eng-
land shore," a French Franciscan, named Le Caron, penetrated the region of


the great Inlces of tlie north, then the home of the Troqnois and the Huron s,
but a Frencli settlement had been establislied at Quebec bj Samuel de
Champlain in 1008. This was followed by the establishment of various
colonies in Canada, and the hardy French adventurers penetrated the coun-
try by the way of the St. Lawrence and the lakes. In lGi!5 a number of
missionaries of the Society of Jesus arrived in Canada from France, and
during the succeeding forty years extended their missions all along the
shores of Lake Superior.

In 1G37 a child was born at the little city of Laon, in France, whose
destiny it was in the fullness of time to be instrumental in the hands of
Providence in giving to the world a definite knowlcd"^e of the grandest and
most fertile region ever opened up to civilization. That chilcl was James
Marquette, the descendant of a family of Celtic nobles. He entered the
Society of Jesus when seventeen years of age, and soon conceived a desire to
engage in the labors of a missionary among the Indians. He sailed for
Quebec in 1666, and two years later founded the mission of Sault Ste. Marie
at the Falls of St. Mary. The winter of 1669-70 he spent at Point St.
Ignatius, where he established another mission. Here the old town of
Michillimackinac, afterward called Mackinaw, was founded. It was from
Indians of the different tribes who came to this mission tliat he received

Online LibraryMontana Advisory Council for Indian EducationThe history of Adams County Illinois : containing a history of the county - its cities, towns, etc. a biographical directory of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion; general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, history of the northwest, his → online text (page 1 of 152)