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of Montana

Department of Labor and Industry

Business Standards Division



RULES & STATUTES RELATING TO PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS AND
PROFESSIONAL LAND SURVEYORS




ISSUED BY:

MONTANA STATE BOARD OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS AND PROFESSIONAL

LAND SURVEYORS

301 SOUTH PARK AVE, 4TH FLOOR

PO BOX 20051 3

HELENA MT 59620 -051 3

(406) 841-2367, Facsimile (406) 841-2309

WEBSITE: http://www.enqineer.mt.qov/

EMAIL: [email protected]



UPDATED 2006



TITLE 2

CHAPTER 15

PART 17



2-15-1701. Department of labor and industry- head. (1) There is a department of
labor and industry. As prescribed in Article XII, section 2, of the Montana constitution, the
department head is the commissioner of labor and industry.

(2) The commissioner shall be appointed and serve as provided for directors in 2-15-111 .

(3) The commissioner shall receive an annual salary in such amount as may be specified by
the legislature in the appropriation to the department of labor and industry.

(4) Before entering on the duties of his office, he must take and subscribe to the oath of
office prescribed by the Montana constitution.

History: (1)En. 82A-1001 by Sec. 1, Ch. 272, L. 1971; Sec. 82A-1 001, R.C.M. 1947; (2) thru
(4)Ap. p. Sec. 2, Ch. 177, L. 1951; Sec. 41-1602, R.C.M. 1947; Ap. p. Sec. 3, Ch. 177, L. 1951;
amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 27, L. 1957; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 225, L. 1963; amd. Sec. 20, Ch. 177, L. 1965;
amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 237, L. 1967; amd. Sec. 19, Ch. 100, L. 1973; amd. Sec. 6, Ch. 343, L. 1977;
Sec. 41-1603, R.C.M. 1947; R.C.M. 1947, 41-1602, 41-1603, 82A-1 001 (part); amd. Sec. 20,
Ch. 184, L. 1979; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 116, L. 1981.

2-15-1763. Board of professional engineers and professional land surveyors. (1)

There is a board of professional engineers and professional land surveyors.

(2) The board consists of nine members appointed by the governor with the consent of the
senate. The members are:

(a) five professional engineers who have been engaged in the practice of engineering for at
least 12 years and who have been in responsible charge of engineering teaching or important
engineering work for at least 5 years and licensed in Montana for at least 5 years. No more than
two of these members may be from the same branch of engineering.

(b) two professional and practicing land surveyors who have been engaged in the practice of
land surveying for at least 12 years and who have been in responsible charge of land surveying
or important land surveying work for at least 5 years and licensed in Montana for at least 5
years;

(c) two representatives of the public who are not engaged in or directly connected with the
practice of engineering or land surveying.

(3) Each member must be a citizen of the United States and a resident of this state. A
member, after serving three consecutive terms, may not be reappointed.

(4) (a) Except as provided in subsection (4)(b), each member shall serve for a term of 4
years.

(b) The governor may remove a member for misconduct, incompetency, or neglect of duty or
for any other sufficient cause and may shorten the term of one public member so that it is not
coincident with the term of the other public member.

(5) The board is allocated to the department for administrative purposes only, as prescribed
in 2-15-121 .

History: (1) thru (4)En. Sec. 4, Ch. 150, L. 1957; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 282, L. 1969; Sec. 66-
2327, R.C.M. 1947; amd. and redes. 82A-1602.11 by Sec. 215, Ch. 350, L. 1974; amd. Sec. 1,
Ch.366, L. 1975; Sec. 82A-1602.11, R.C.M. 1947; (5)En. 82A-1602 by Sec. 1,Ch. 272, L.
1971; amd. Sec. 10, Ch. 250, L. 1973; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 285, L. 1973; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 57, L.



1974; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 58, L. 1974; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 84, L. 1974; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 99, L. 1974;
amd. Sec. 354, Ch. 350, L. 1974; Sec. 82A-1602, R.C.M. 1947; R.C.M. 1947, 82A-1602(part),
82A-1 602.11; amd. Sec. 3, Ch. 408, L. 1979; amd. Sec. 21, Ch. 247, L. 1981; MCA 1979, ;
redes, by Sec. 4, Ch. 274, L. 1 981 ; amd. Sec. 1 , Ch. 553, L. 1 985; amd. Sec. 4, Ch. 492, L.
2001 ; Sec. , MCA 1 999; redes, by Sec. 221 (2), Ch. 483, L. 2001 .



TITLE 37
CHAPTER 1
PART 1 - 4



Part 1 - Duties and Authority of Department,
Director, and Boards



37-1-101. Duties of department.

37-1-102. Renumbered 37-1 -121.

37-1-103. Renumbered 37-1 -131.

37-1-104. Standardized forms.

37-1 -1 05. Reporting disciplinary actions against licensees.

37-1-106. Biennial report.

37-1 -1 07 through 37-1 -1 20 reserved.

37-1-121. Duties of commissioner.

37-1-122 through 37-1-129 reserved.

37-1-130. Definitions.

37-1 -1 31 . Duties of boards - quorum required.

37-1 -1 32. Nominees for appointment to licensing and regulatory boards.

37-1-133. Board members' compensation and expenses.

37-1-134. Fees commensurate with costs.

37-1-135. Licensing investigation and review - record access.

37-1 -1 36. Disciplinary authority of boards - injunctions.

37-1-137. Grounds for disciplinary action as grounds for license denial - conditions to

new licenses.

37-1-138. Protection of professional licenses for activated military reservists -

rulemaking authority - definitions.

37-1-139 and 37-1-140 reserved.

37-1-141. License renewal - lapse - expiration -termination.

Part 2 - Licensure of Criminal Offenders

37-1-201. Purpose.

37-1-202. Intent and policy.

37-1 -203. Conviction not a sole basis for denial.

37-1 -204. Statement of reasons for denial.

37-1-205. Licensure on completion of supervision.



Part 3 - Uniform Professional Licensing
and Regulation Procedures



37-1-301. Purpose.



37-1-302. Definitions.

37-1-303. Scope.

37-1-304. Licensure of out-of-state applicants - reciprocity.

37-1-305. Temporary practice permits.

37-1-306. Continuing education.

37-1-307. Board authority.

37-1-308. Unprofessional conduct - complaint - investigation - immunity -

exceptions.

37-1 -309. Notice - request for hearing.

37-1-310. Hearing - adjudicative procedures.

37-1 -31 1 . Findings of fact - order - report.

37-1 -31 2. Sanctions - stay - costs - stipulations.

37-1-313. Appeal.

37-1-314. Reinstatement.

37-1-315. Enforcement of fine.

37-1-316. Unprofessional conduct.

37-1-317. Practice without license - investigation of complaint - injunction - penalties.

37-1-318. Violation of injunction - penalty.

37-1-319. Rules.

37-1-320. Mental intent - unprofessional conduct.

37-1-321 through 37-1-330 reserved.

37-1 -331 . Correctional health care review team.

Part 4 - Uniform Regulations for Licensing
Programs Without Boards



37-1 -401 . Uniform regulation for licensing programs without boards - definitions.

37-1-402. Unprofessional conduct - complaint - investigation - immunity.

37-1 -403. Notice - request for hearing.

37-1-404. Hearing - adjudicative procedures.

37-1 -405. Findings of fact - order - report.

37-1-406. Sanctions - stay - costs - stipulations.

37-1-407. Appeal.

37-1-408. Reinstatement.

37-1-409. Enforcement of fine.

37-1-410. Unprofessional conduct.

37-1 -41 1 . Practice without license - investigation of complaint - injunction - penalties.

37-1-412. Violation of injunction - penalty.

37-1-413. Department authority.



Parti
Duties and Authority of Department, Director, and Boards



Part Cross-References

Contested cases, Title 2, ch. 4, part 6.

Appointment and qualifications of department heads - duties, 2-15-111,2-15-112.



Allocation for administrative purposes only, 2-15-121.
Department and boards created, Title 2, ch. 15, part 18.
Department's duties for Board of Horseracing, 23-4-103.

Grounds for disciplinary action as grounds for license denial - conditions to new
licenses, 37-1-137.

37-1-101. Duties of department. In addition to the provisions of 2-15-121, the
department of labor and industry shall:

(1) establish and provide all the administrative, legal, and clerical services needed by
the boards within the department, including corresponding, receiving and processing routine
applications for licenses as defined by a board, issuing and renewing routine licenses as
defined by a board, disciplining licensees, setting administrative fees, preparing agendas and
meeting notices, conducting mailings, taking minutes of board meetings and hearings, and filing;

(2) standardize policies and procedures and keep in Helena all official records of the
boards;

(3) make arrangements and provide facilities in Helena for all meetings, hearings, and
examinations of each board or elsewhere in the state if requested by the board;

(4) contract for or administer and grade examinations required by each board;

(5) investigate complaints received by the department of illegal or unethical conduct of a
member of the profession or occupation under the jurisdiction of a board within the department;

(6) assess the costs of the department to the boards and programs on an equitable
basis as determined by the department;

(7) adopt rules setting administrative fees and expiration, renewal, and termination
dates for licenses;

(8) issue a notice to and pursue an action against a licensed individual, as a party,
before the licensed individual's board after a finding of reasonable cause by a screening panel
of the board pursuant to 37-1 -307(1 )(e);

(9) provide notice to the appropriate legislative interim committee when a board cannot
operate in a cost-effective manner;

(10) monitor a board's cash balances to ensure that the balances do not exceed two
times the board's annual appropriation level and adjust fees through administrative rules when
necessary; and

(11) establish policies and procedures to set fees for administrative services, as
provided in 37-1-134, commensurate with the cost of the services provided. Late penalty fees
may be set without being commensurate with the cost of services provided.

History: En. 82A-1603 by Sec. 1, Ch. 272, L. 1971; R.C.M. 1947, 82A-1603; amd.
Sec. 1,Ch. 293, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 3, Ch. 274, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 1,Ch. 390, L. 1983; amd.
Sec. 1, Ch. 307, L. 1985; amd. Sec. 42, Ch. 83, L. 1989; amd. Sec. 6, Ch. 413, L. 1989; amd.
Sec. 21, Ch. 429, L. 1995; amd. Sec. 106, Ch. 483, L. 2001; amd. Sec. 6, Ch. 467, L. 2005.

37-1-102. Renumbered 37-1-121. Code Commissioner, 1981.

37-1-103. Renumbered 37-1-131. Code Commissioner, 1981.

37-1-104. Standardized forms. The department shall adopt standardized forms and
processes to be used by the boards and department programs. The standardization is to
streamline processes, expedite services, reduce costs and waste, and facilitate
computerization.

History: En. Sec. 2, Ch. 293, L. 1981 ; amd. Sec. 7, Ch. 467, L. 2005.



37-1-105. Reporting disciplinary actions against licensees. The department has the
authority and shall require that all boards and department programs require each applicant for
licensure or renewal to report any legal or disciplinary action against the applicant that relates to
the propriety of the applicant's practice of or fitness to practice the profession or occupation for
which the applicant seeks licensure. Failure to furnish the required information, except pursuant
to 37-1 -1 38, or the filing of false information is grounds for denial or revocation of a license.

History: En. Sec. 3, Ch. 293, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 5, Ch. 271, L. 2003; amd. Sec. 8,
Ch. 467, L. 2005.

37-1-106. Biennial report. The department, in cooperation with each licensing board,
shall prepare a biennial report. The biennial report of the department shall contain for each
board a summary of the board's activities, the board's goals and objectives, a detailed
breakdown of board revenues and expenditures, statistics illustrating board activities concerning
licensing, summary of complaints received and their disposition, number of licenses revoked or
suspended, legislative or court action affecting the board, and any other information the
department or board considers relevant. The department shall submit the report to the office of
budget and program planning as a part of the information required by 1 7-7-1 1 1 .

History: En. Sec. 4, Ch. 293, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 10, Ch. 125, L. 1983; amd. Sec. 32,
Ch. 112, L. 1991; amd. Sec. 30, Ch. 349, L. 1993.

37-1-107 through 37-1-120 reserved.

37-1-121. Duties of commissioner. In addition to the powers and duties under 2-15-
1 12 and 2-15-121 , the commissioner of labor and industry shall:

(1 ) at the request of a party, appoint an impartial hearings examiner to conduct hearings
whenever any board or department program holds a contested case hearing. The hearings
examiner shall conduct hearings in a proper and legal manner.

(2) establish the qualifications of and hire all personnel to perform the administrative,
legal, and clerical functions of the department for the boards. Boards within the department do
not have authority to establish the qualifications of, hire, or terminate personnel. The department
shall consult with the boards regarding recommendations for qualifications for executive or
executive director positions.

(3) approve all contracts and expenditures by boards within the department. A board
within the department may not enter into a contract or expend funds without the approval of the
commissioner.

History: En. 82A-1604 by Sec. 1, Ch. 272, L. 1971; amd. Sec. 14, Ch. 533, L. 1977;
R.C.M. 1947, 82A-1604; amd. Sec. 3, Ch. 274, L. 1981; Sec. 37-1-102, MCA 1979; redes. 37-
1-121 by Code Commissioner, 1981; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 165, L. 1985; amd. Sec. 22, Ch. 429,
L. 1995; amd. Sec. 107, Ch. 483, L. 2001 ; amd. Sec. 9, Ch. 467, L. 2005.

37-1-122 through 37-1-129 reserved.

37-1-130. Definitions. As used in this part, the following definitions apply:

(1) "Administrative fee" means a fee established by the department to cover the cost of
administrative services as provided for in 37-1-134.

(2) "Board" means a licensing board created under Title 2, chapter 15, that regulates a
profession or occupation and that is administratively attached to the department as provided in
2-15-121.



(3) "Board fee" means:

(a) a fee established by the board to cover program area costs as provided in 37-1-134;
and

(b) any other legislatively prescribed fees specific to boards and department programs.

(4) "Department" means the department of labor and industry established in 2-1 5-1 701 .

(5) "Department program" means a program administered by the department pursuant
to this title and not affiliated with a board.

(6) "Expired license" means a license that is not reactivated within the period of 45 days
to 2 years after the renewal date for the license.

(7) "Lapsed license" means a license that is not renewed by the renewal date and that
may be reactivated within the first 45-day period after the renewal date for the license.

(8) "License" means permission granted under a chapter of this title to engage in or
practice at a specific level in a profession or occupation.

(9) "Terminated license" means a license that is not renewed or reactivated within 2
years of the license lapsing.

History: En. Sec. 5, Ch. 274, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 108, Ch. 483, L. 2001; amd. Sec.
10, Ch. 467, L. 2005.

37-1-131. Duties of boards - quorum required. A quorum of each board within the
department shall:

(1) set and enforce standards and rules governing the licensing, certification,
registration, and conduct of the members of the particular profession or occupation within the
board's jurisdiction;

(2) sit in judgment in hearings for the suspension, revocation, or denial of a license of an
actual or potential member of the particular profession or occupation within the board's
jurisdiction. The hearings must be conducted by a hearings examiner when required under 37-
1-121.

(3) suspend, revoke, or deny a license of a person who the board determines, after a
hearing as provided in subsection (2), is guilty of knowingly defrauding, abusing, or aiding in the
defrauding or abusing of the workers' compensation system in violation of the provisions of Title
39, chapter 71;

(4) pay to the department the board's pro rata share of the assessed costs of the
department under 37-1 -101 (6);

(5) consult with the department before the board initiates a program expansion, under
existing legislation, to determine if the board has adequate money and appropriation authority to
fully pay all costs associated with the proposed program expansion. The board may not expand
a program if the board does not have adequate money and appropriation authority available.

(6) A board, board panel, or subcommittee convened to conduct board business must
have a majority of its members, which constitutes a quorum, present to conduct business.

(7) The board or the department program may:

(a) establish the qualifications of applicants to take the licensure examination;

(b) determine the standards, content, type, and method of examination required for
licensure or reinstatement of a license, the acceptable level of performance for each
examination, and the standards and limitations for reexamination if an applicant fails an
examination;

(c) examine applicants for licensure at reasonable places and times as determined by
the board or enter into contracts with third-party testing agencies to administer examinations;
and

(d) require continuing education for licensure as provided in 37-1-306. If the board or
department requires continuing education for continued licensure, the board or department may



not audit or verify continuing education requirements as a precondition for renewing the license,
certification, or registration. The board or department may conduct random audits of up to 50%
of all licensees with renewed licenses for documentary verification of the continuing education
requirement after the renewal period closes.

(8) A board may, at the board's discretion, request the applicant to make a personal
appearance before the board for nonroutine license applications as defined by the board.

History: En. 82A-1605 by Sec. 1, Ch. 272, L. 1971; amd. Sec. 11, Ch. 250, L. 1973;
R.C.M. 1947, 82A-1 605(1) thru (3); amd. Sec. 3, Ch. 274, L. 1981 ; Sec. 37-1-103, MCA 1979;
redes. 37-1-131 by Code Commissioner, 1981; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 165, L. 1985; amd. Sec. 1,
Ch. 90, L. 1991; amd. Sec. 10, Ch. 619, L. 1993; amd. Sec. 23, Ch. 429, L. 1995; amd. Sec.
6, Ch. 492, L. 2001 ; amd. Sec. 8, Ch. 416, L. 2005; amd. Sec. 1 1 , Ch. 467, L. 2005.

37-1-132. Nominees for appointment to licensing and regulatory boards. Private
associations and members of the public may submit to the governor lists of nominees for
appointment to professional and occupational licensing and regulatory boards. The governor
may consider nominees from the lists when making appointments to such boards.

History: En. Sec. 9, Ch. 244, L. 1981.

Cross-References

Appointing power, Art. VI, sec. 8, Mont. Const.

37-1-133. Board members' compensation and expenses. Unless otherwise provided
by law, each member of a board allocated to the department is entitled to receive $50 per day
compensation and travel expenses, as provided for in 2-18-501 through 2-18-503, for each day
spent on official board business. Board members who conduct official board business in their
city of residence are entitled to receive a midday meal allowance, as provided for in 2-18-502.
Ex officio board members may not receive compensation but shall receive travel expenses.

History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 474, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 123, L. 1983; amd. Sec. 4,
Ch.672, L. 1983.

37-1-134. Fees commensurate with costs. Each board allocated to the department
shall set board fees related to the respective program area that are commensurate with costs
for licensing, including fees for initial licensing, reciprocity, renewals, applications, inspections,
and audits. A board may set an examination fee that must be commensurate with costs. A
board that issues endorsements and licenses specialties shall set respective fees
commensurate with costs. Unless otherwise provided by law, the department may establish
standardized fees, including but not limited to fees for administrative services such as license
verification, duplicate licenses, late penalty renewals, licensee lists, and other administrative
service fees determined by the department as applicable to all boards and department
programs. The department shall collect administrative fees on behalf of each board or
department program and deposit the fees in the state special revenue fund in the appropriate
account for each board or department program. Administrative service costs not related to a
specific board or program area may be equitably distributed to board or program areas as
determined by the department. Each board and department program shall maintain records
sufficient to support the fees charged for each program area.

History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 345, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 12, Ch. 467, L. 2005.



37-1-135. Licensing investigation and review - record access. Any person, firm,
corporation, or association that performs background reviews, complaint investigations, or peer
reviews pursuant to an agreement or contract with a state professional or occupational licensing
board shall make available to the board and the legislative auditor, upon request, any and all
records or other information gathered or compiled during the course of the background review,
complaint investigation, or peer review.

History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 242, L. 1981.

Cross-References

Procurement of services, Title 18, ch. 8.

37-1-136. Disciplinary authority of boards - injunctions. (1) Subject to 37-1-138,
each licensing board allocated to the department has the authority, in addition to any other
penalty or disciplinary action provided by law, to adopt rules specifying grounds for disciplinary
action and rules providing for:

(a) revocation of a license;

(b) suspension of its judgment of revocation on terms and conditions determined by the
board;

(c) suspension of the right to practice for a period not exceeding 1 year;

(d) placing a licensee on probation;

(e) reprimand or censure of a licensee; or

(f) taking any other action in relation to disciplining a licensee as the board in its
discretion considers proper.

(2) Any disciplinary action by a board shall be conducted as a contested case hearing
under the provisions of the Montana Administrative Procedure Act.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a board may maintain an action to enjoin
a person from engaging in the practice of the occupation or profession regulated by the board
until a license to practice is procured. A person who has been enjoined and who violates the
injunction is punishable for contempt of court.

(4) An action may not be taken against a person who is in compliance with Title 50,
chapter 46.

History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 246, L. 1981; amd. Sec. 6, Ch. 271, L. 2003; amd. Sec. 10,
I.M. No. 148, approved Nov. 2, 2004.



Cross-References

Issuance of injunctions on nonjudicial days, 3-1-302, 3-5-302.
Contempts, Title 3, ch. 1 , part 5.

Injunctions, Rule 65, M.R.Civ.P. (see Title 25, ch. 20); Title 27, ch. 19.
Affidavits, Title 26, ch. 1 , part 10.

37-1-137. Grounds for disciplinary action as grounds for license denial -
conditions to new licenses. (1) Unless otherwise provided by law, grounds for disciplinary
action by a board allocated to the department of labor and industry against a holder of an
occupational or professional license may be, under appropriate circumstances, grounds for
either issuance of a probationary license for a period not to exceed 1 year or denial of a license
to an applicant.

(2) The denial of a license or the issuance of a probationary license under subsection
(1) must be conducted as a contested case hearing under the provisions of the Montana
Administrative Procedure Act.



History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 273, L. 1985; amd. Sec. 109, Ch. 483, L. 2001.

37-1-138. Protection of professional licenses for activated military reservists -
rulemaking authority - definitions. (1) For purposes of this section, the following definitions
apply:

(a) "Activated reservist" means a member of a reserve component who has received
federal military orders to report for federal active duty for at least 90 consecutive days.

(b) "License" has the meaning provided in 37-1-302.

(c) "Reserve component" means the Montana national guard or the military reserves of
the United States armed forces.

(2) An activated reservist who holds an occupational or professional license may report
the reservist's activation to the appropriate professional licensing board or to the department of
labor and industry if the licensing requirements are administered by the department. The report
must, at a minimum, include a copy of the reservist's orders to federal active duty. The report


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