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Montana Stale Library



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STATE LIBRARY COMMISSION

SOUTH AVE. & MIDDLESEX

MISSOULA, MONTANA



October I956




Volune 2




No. 1






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OFFICIAL PUBLICATION- OF THE
MONTANA STATE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION



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October 1956




Volume 2




No. 1






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OFFICIAL PUBLICATION- OF THE
^\ONTANA STATE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION




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EXECUTIVE BOARD

President

Mrs. Marjorie J. Moores

Hill County Library

Havre
Vice-President & President Elect

Doris E. Wilson

Montana State College Library

Bozeman
Secretary

Mrs. Elsie Ekegren

Montana State Hospital

Warm Springs
Treasurer

Zada Bridges

Public Library

Great Falls
AIA Representative

Ann Whitmack

Parraly Billings Memorial Library

Billings
PNLA Representative

Merwin M. Moores

Northern Montana College

Havre
Past President

Virginia Walton

State Historical Library

Helena

M.S.L.A. COMMITTEES 1956/57

1957 Conference

Mrs . Loretta Peck

Miss Inez Haskins

Miss Natalie Sliepcevich
Conference Hostess Committee

Mrs. Mabel Miller, Chairman

Miss Dora Christian

Mrs . Inez Herrig

Mrs . Alameda Mann
Legislative Committee

Mrs. Leo Graybill, Chairman

Miss Kathleen Campbell

Mrs . John Marchi

Mr. Edmund Toomey

Mrs. Peter Me Hoy

Mrs . Ruth Longworth
Publicity

Miss Lucile Speer, Chairman

Miss Ellen Torgrimson

Miss Evelyn Swant



Membership

Miss Zada Bridges, Chairman

Miss Evelyn Fish

Miss Marian Stephens

Miss Harriette Cushman

Miss Natalie Sliepcevich

Mrs. Helen Ewing

Mrs . Winnafern Moore

Mrs. Harold Nelson

Mrs. Hazel Christians

Mrs . James Schucha
Federal Coordinator

Mrs . Catherine Chadwick
Library Development

Mrs, Perl Coombs, Chairman

Miss Margaret Hileman

Mrs. Elsie Ekegren

Mrs. lixay Patterson

Mrs. Annabel Cowan

Mr. Whitney Smith

Mr. H.C. Dsvis

Mrs .Catherine Chadwick, Consultant
Nominating

Miss Virginia Walton, Chairman

Mrs. Martha Hassel

Miss Diantha Fowler
Montana i.'^uthors

Miss Catherine White, Chairman

Miss Janet Alexander

Miss Jean Todd

Sister Maureen
1958 Meeting Place

Miss Marjorie Reynold^, Chairman

Mrs.K. Elizabeth Pittman

Mrs. Helen Prichard
Resolutions

Mrs. Loretta Peck, Chairman

Miss Inez Kaskins

Miss Molly O'Meara
Schools-Public Libraries Cooperation

Mrs. Winnafern Moore, Chairman

Mr . John Cushman

Mrs . Dorothy Jun

Mrs. Helen Prichard

Mrs . Laura Jane Taft

Mr. Henry Ruppel

Mrs . Laura Carter
Publications

Lesley M. Heathcote, Chairman

Mrs. Ruth 0. Longworth

Miss Jean Todd



THE
MONTANA LIBRARY QUARTERLY

Volume 2, No. 1 October 1956

Prexy's Prelude Mrs. Marjorie J. Moores 2

We're on Our Way: the Library Services

Act and the Commission Ruth 0. Longworth 3

"Bange machen gilt night" Gretchen Knief Schenk 5

We're Always Pioneering in Montana. Catherine S. Chadwick 8

The Good Books in Montana Libraries . . LeRoy Charles Merritt 10

Report of the PNLA Representative : ' .Merwin M. Moores 14

Library Cooperation: a Bibliography'

(abridged) ; John Rather 16

Among Friends Harrietts E. Cushman 18

John Cotton Dana Award 20

PNLA Library Development Project Morton Kroll 21

"Know and Grow" ^ . . ■ 23

XL's For Schools. . . . Eilene M. Morrison 25

County and Regional Library Development Jean Todd 26

The Montana Library Quarterly is sent free to members of the Montana State Library

Association. To all others the ahhual subscription is $1.50 payable to Miss Zada

Bridges, Public Library, Great Falls, Montana

PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE

Mrs. Ruth Longworth, Advertising Jean Todd, News

Glacier County Library, Cut Bank Parmly Billings Memorial Library

Lesley M. Heathcote, Chairman and Editor

Montana State College Library, Bozeman




Books to People — the meaning of li-
brary service! As librarians this
is our goal. Are we really working
toward this goal, or are we content
to take the easy way and sit as guar-

jdians of books and draw our salaries.
Books to people is a challenge, are

'we meeting it? ■

■ Some .of the answer lies in the fact
that there are' 143,955 people in
^Montana without local library ser-
;vice. Seventy five percent of Montana
citizens have access to a local pub-
lic library but less than half of
these can be considered as having
adequate Service. Let us look at
ourselves. Which category do we fall
in? Are we giving adequate service?
Are we going out into our communi-
ties :and talking books and libraries
to clubs and individuals? When we
do not have a book requested, do we
offer to borrow this book for the
person, or are we too busy and so
leave the request unfilled? Do we
make our libraries as vital to the
reader as the btewers make their
product to the drinker?

If not, are we probably sitting back .
and excusing ourselves by saying we
haven't enough money or time? Are
we failing to take an interest in
the Libraty Services Bill and dis-
covering what it can do for us? Do,
we shy away, listening to rumors from
the uninformed saying we fear Fed-
eral control instead of facing the
fact that there is no Federal con-
trol. Do we inform our friends of the
services available in good libraries,
services we do not give, but could
give with adequate support?

Two areas, Missoula and Flathead,
have presented plan for combining
and extending services and will be



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the fiist areas in Montana to receive
benefits from the Library Services
Bill. Are we submitting plans 80 we
can benefit when additional funds
become available? While waiting our
turn, are we improving our service
by extensive use of the State Li-
brary Extension Commission facilities?
Are we making the services of the
Commission vital to our local resi-
dents and thus giving good service
rather than inferior?

If it were not for the State Library
Extension Commission, many of us
could not satisfy our patrons. The
Conmission always has a struggle to
get funds from the legislature. Last
session an increase in appropriations
was given through the efforts of our
Library Friends. What will the '57
legisl^ature do for the Commission?
The answer lies in us. Soon each and
every librarian in the State will
receive information on the budget
needs and requests of the State Li-
brary Extension Commission. When
this i$ received, each librarian vlll
be expected to see his or her can-
didates for the State Legislature
and. request pre-election support for
the Commission budget. VJhether or
not our libraries benefit from the
Federal Services Bill, the State Li-
brary Extension Commission services
are vital to us. It must be suppor-
ted and we can do it. Let's build the
bricks in '561

Marjorle J. Moores



: Mji.; NOTE

This issMe of the Quarterly is be-
ing sent to everyone who was on the
membership list last year. Some have
not .yet paid their dues for 1956/57
and if these folks do not make their
peace with our Treasurer by the time
the January issue comes our, they
will not receive copies. Our Treas-
urer is Zada Bridges, Great Falls
Public Library, Great Falls, and she
loves to collect dues.

********



We're on Our Way:
The Library Services Act and the Co-
mmission

The advisory Committee to the Mon-
tana State Library Extension Co-
mmission on the Federal Services Act
met in Missoula in the Commission's
quarters on August 15. At that mee-
ting, the Advisory Committee presen-
ted the proposed development plan
for the state of Montana and the mem-
bers of the Commission accepted the
plan unanimously without question.
Also at this meeting, the Commission
announced that Catherine Chadv/iclc's
title was being changed from Library
Consultant to Director of Library
Services, for M3LEC, in order that
she might have the proper authority
and prestige to carry out the addit-
ional responsibilities which will be
placed upon her in connection v/ith
the Montana project.

The excellent suggestion that the
plan provide for federation of exis-
ting libraries, rather than a consol-
idation, originated with Ellen Torg-
rimson. In an article in THE LIBRARY
JOURNAL , January 1, 1952, Raymond E.
Mahoney says, "Federation preserves
the advantages of local libraries,
adding the increased efficiency and
specialization of larger units. ...
Basically it is an agreement to sur-
render certain rif^hts for the grea-
ter rights vjhich they enjoy through
membership in a large organized sys-
tem. Duties which can be performed
more efficie.-itly and economically on
a high level are specifically dele-
gated to a higher authority for the
common good." , •

Possibilities for expanded library
service under the proposed plan are
limitless. This, together with the
Ford Foundation Project is a chal-
lenging and "^exciting event. Montana
libraries have a golden opportunity
to realize the ideal of good state-
wide libraiy service. There is not
a doubt In the v'orld bu that Mont ana
librarians v/ill make the most of it.



MORE HELP FOR LIBRARIES

Ford Foundation Grant to Council on

Library Resources

The Ford Foundation has just allotted
a fund of $5,000,000 to the Council
on Library Resources to assist in
the solution of library problems in
general . Its main interest is in
the problems of research libraries,
and through grants and direct stu-
dies it hopes to alleviate the pres-
ent situation in which libraries are
overwhelmed in a flood of printed
information which is needed by more
and more people, and which is a cause
of frustration to the inundated li-
brarians. Verner Clapp, former Chief
Assistant Librarian of the Library
of Congress is president of the Coun-
cil. All librarians will await with
interest the projects developed by
this group.




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I Following is the text of a message from President Eisenhower to Librarians
! at the 75th Annual Conference of the American Library Association in Miami Beach:

! "The public library symbolizes education opportunity in America but the
I degree to which library services are supported by a local comnainity is highly in-
dicative of the aspirations of the citizens who live there. Increasingly, Amerl-
. cans are becoming aware that support for their public libraries falls far short of
! fulfilling these aspirations.

j I am informed that the American Library Association has conducted a study
over the last two years which provides principles and practical qualitative stan-
dards by which any community can measure the adequacy of its library. I understand
j that the primary overall recomendation is for a virtual network of library systems
■ covering the entire country and bringing the resources of the strongest libraries
to all.

This idea carries the basic American concept of cooperation into a most
important area of our national life. It should receive the immediate and careful
attention of all who are interested in the general welfare of America. My best
wishes go to all librarians in their efforts to give this idea factual expression.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER"



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support. All of us can show this a-
ppreciation in a tangible way by
giving them as much of our business
C.3 we can. Their products and ser-
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5.



"Bange machen gilt nicht."
Gretchen Knief Schenk

It was great fun as a child to walk
through the woods of northern Wiscon-
sin at night in summer and imagine
all sorts of odd creatures in the
shadows cast by the bright moon. It
was fun as long as we were in a gnxg
as long as there was an adult with
us whose hand we could touch in case
the shadows became spooky.

Now and then some timid friend, not
accustomed to using his imagination,
or some smart aleck trying deliber-
ately to frighten us with strange
noises and ultra-vivid suggestions
did his best to spoil our fun. For
him we had a slogan 'Bange machen
gilt nicht" -no fair scaring. We
V7ere'nt really afraid of the shadows,
we told ourselves, and exercising
the imagination was good practice.
So no timid soul and no smart aleck
had any business scaring us. Our
game was fun if it was played right.

Montana librarians, too, are taking a
walk through dark woods at present.
Strange shadows surround them. Sha-
dows called "state plan''or county or
regional libraries or other things
that don't seem quite real. They
don't seem to fit into what we know
our libraries to be today. "Coming
events cast their shadows before,"
however, so what about these shadows?
A little bit spooky? Sure. And are
we a little scared? Sure, more than
a little bit. Especially when the
timid souls and the smart alecks
among us begin to tell about what
will happen when-

Nov; instead of being scared, let's
have some fun. Let's declare "Bange
machen gilt nicht" and use that God-
given imagination to see how and
where we can improve our service to
our citizens. That's what imagina-
tion is for anyhow.

First of all, let's see what is most
important in the service we give.



Why, the direct service, of course,
person to person, reference librarian
to those who seem answers, the librar-
ian and her counsel to the child, the
youth, the man, the woraan-to all those
who come to her and whom she can
help.

How does she help them? Through
books, magazines, pamphlets. Through
the printed vrord in whatever form it
comes; through films, through music,
speech and language records, through
her knowledge of community agencies
and activities; by every device she
knows .

Now suppose some one comes to this
librarian, to us, and says, "We'll
help you do this job. You do the most
important things, the work with the
people, and we'll do whatever house-
keeping tasks you ask us to do. We '11
bring in the food, but you can com-
bine it into delicious meals. We'll
buy the books you request-and many,
many more-but instead of your having
to hother with dealers and discounts
and bills and such, we'll take care
of all of that for you. You just send
your requests to the headquarters
library and we'll take care of the
rest.

"Books from the headquarters library
will come to you fully cataloged, but
if you wish, we can also catalog any
books that your library may wish to
buy for itself, and we can do it much
more cheaply and economically than
when it is done by every library in-
dividually. We'll mend your books
for you and keep them in gx3d repair.
We can send you pictures and films
and records and pamphlets and docu-
ments. We can free you from the
drudgery of library housekeeping de-
tails and give you time for the real
task of 'homemaking ' -working with
readers and books without always hav-
ing the specter of book ordering,
cataloging, mending binding, etc.,
hovering over you, waiting to be done"

If some one came to you wish such a
proposition, would you turn it down?
Not if you had enough imagination to



see how much better work you could
do for the people in your town. Aside
from being free to the drudgery of
library housekeeping, you would have,
through constant exchange, many, many
more books than your book budget can
usually supply. If the captain of the
volunteer fire department vjants to
read half a dozen books on good meth-
ods of fire fighting, you would be
able to get those books for hin and
still not have to worry about the pa-
tron who is always asking for a new
book on furniture and antiques.

Best of all, there would stand behind
you, not over you, a corps of trained
librarians to whom you could take
your problems . These county and re-
gional librarians V70uld be free to
come to you v/hen you needed them. The
reference librarian, for example,
would take the 'hard' ones, the ques-
tions you can't answer. More than
that, you could probably call the
headquarters library by telephone
for a small long distance che.rge to
get fast service for your patronj .

The children's librarian of the coun-
ty or region would come to your li-
brary, introduce books to chiUreu,
teach them how to use the library,
tell them wonderful storicr. . Books
from the county or regional head-
quarters would be ready for circula-
tion when they reached your library
and worn out books would be rebound
or discarded, so that you would have
only live, modern, readable books on
your shelves, like a modern de-avt-
ment store v7hose stock is al&ays kept
neat and clean.

Would you lose your job?No,of ccurae
not. The county or regional librairy
is there to help you do a better job,
not to give your job to some one else.
Would your library losa its boc'^cs?
No, indeed, that is not neces.oary.
Some libraries, it is true,vjhen they
join the county or regional library
system, gradually get so many fresh
and different books to fill the
shelves that the old, dusty, worn out
books belonging to the library orig-
inally are crowded out. But r.obody



Who would control the library build-
ing? Why, the same people who con-
troll it now. The local community
is just as responsible under the
county or regional library plan for
providing a place to house the li-
brary service as it is at present.
And the library board? That would
work very closely with the county
or regional library board and li-
brarian to improve service still
more. The board would become an
interpreter, interpreting the county
or regional library to the community
and in turn interpreting the comm-
unity to the larger library. Ask any
library board of a library which has
joined a new county or regional li-
brary system after a few year's ex-
perience and see whether the comm-
unity isn't getting better library
service. Nine times out of ten the
board will agree that previously it
could not do individually for its
community what it is now doing by
joining hands with other boards.

But what of the medium sized library
with a trained staff-would a county
or regional library be able to im-
prove its services too? The more
imagination such a librarian and
staff have, the more often they will
see ways to improve service to their
patrons, and the more frequently they
will call on the county or regional
staff to help. Publicity, public
relations, community contacts, as a
location finder for reference and
research materials, as a third arm to
provide the community with"superior"
service-these are just a few of the
things for which the trained staff
and the library board wculd use their
county or regional library.

Afraid of our shadow? Afraid of the
potentialities for improved services
which the county or regional library
plan will bring? No, definitely not.
First of all, Montana librarians and
trustees are working out these plans
together. No one is alone in this
walk through the woods of planning.
Secondly, there is nothing to fear



as long as the State Library exten-
sion Commission, always the best
friend of the state's library ser-
vice, leads the way. The Commission,
like the adult of our childhood, will
never allow any plan to be approved
which would not better the public
library service for the citizens
whom we serve .

The Commission does want us to ex-
ercise our imagination nov; to see
how vastly improved our library ser-
vice can become through such a scheme
of county or regional libraries. It
wants us to sharpen our wits to see
how the new plan can be put into
action when it is finally adopted.
It wants us to "sell" it to our cit-
izens in general and to law makers
and budget makers in particular. It
wants us to realize how long the way
V7ill be before vje realize all of Our
goals. However, it is the first step
that counts and then - just keep on
going I And have fun along the way,
tool No fair scaring!

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8.



WE'RE ALWAYS PIONEERING IN MONTANA!
Catherine S. Chadwick
Dii-ector of Library Services, SLEC

The passage of the Federal Services
Bill by an unanimous vote of the
Senate, and its subsequent signing
by President Eisenhoxver bring into
sharp focus the planning that will be
necessary to use the$72,460 .00 which
will be available annually for five
years as Montana's share of the funds
created by the Bill. A basic $40,
000.00 is allotted to each state.
This basic sum Xi7ill be available to
the state immediately on acceptance
of the state plans. Additional sums
to be added from the Congress meeting
in 1957 will be apportioned taking
into consideration the planning of
the states and the progress being
made ia extending and enriching ser-
vice throughout the country.

Early last fall Miss Kathleen Camp-
bell, chairman of the State Library
Extension Commission, appointed a
committee to study the possibilities
in the use of federal aid in Montana,
and to act as consultants to the
SLEC. On the Committee are Ruth
Longworth, librarian of the Glacier
County Public Library, Cut Bank, Lesley
Heathcote, Librarian of the Montana
State Library Association and the
i chairman of the Library Development
Committee of the MSIA. Mrs .Chadwick,
consultant to the Commission, is the
chairman of the committee, and Miss
Campbell, advisor. Miss Virginia
Walton, as president of MSLA and Mrs.
Marjorie Moores as chairman of the
Library Development Committee served
this past year.

The opinion of the committee was that
the natural areas of influence of
the large libraries of the state
should indicate regions of possible
cooperation among libraries. Factors
to be considered are the natural
makeup of the region, homogeneity of
population, trading areas, commun-
ication, transportation, and the will-
ingness of the -librarians in the area
to undertake the responsibilities



of planning the service and carrying
it out when the funds become avail-
able. After many meetings and much
correspondence and conferring with
extension personnel, such as Harriette
Cushman, whose long experience in the
state has made her familiar \<iith its
makeup, a tentative arrangement of
areas was indicated.

» In Great Falls on July 10, the con-
sultant committee and group of li-
brarians from the various regions of
the state met in the first of a series
of planning meetings. These meetings
will eventually involve all the li-
brarians of the state who are inter-
ested in participating in the program.
Present at the first meeting were
Evelyn Swant, Missoula, Mrs. Helen
Ewing , Glasgow, Ann Whitmack , Bi 1 lings ,
Mrs. Inez Herrig, Libby, Virginia
Walton, Helena, Harriette Cushman,
Bozeman, Mrs. Mary Antunes and a
board member, Mrs. Lawson, Havre,
Lesley M. Heathcote, Montana State
College, Bozeman, Mrs. Perl Coombs,
Glendive, Mrs. Clare Smith, Miles
City, Doris Wilson, Montana State
College, Bozeman, Ruth Longworth,
Cut Bank, Mrs. Alma Jacobs, Great
Falls, Richard Darling, Teacher of li-
brarianship at Montana State Univer-
sity, Ellen Torgrimson and Mrs. Cath-
erine Chadwick of the State Library
Extension Commission, Missoula.
The librarians at the meeting seemed
generally to agree that demonstra-
tions of service should be given in
the various areas for a period of


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