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Montana State Library

3 0864 1003 5629 7



yyiontana J^ihraries


October, 1959

No. 1




^K ^^ ^^^cce .

Cover — Douglas Brown

The Continuing Challenge 3

New Title Approved - ... 5

School Library Committee -.. 5

Good News from Washington 6

Cooperation Between School and Public Libraries 6

Helen Luce Visits New Federations 7

Inter-Relationships and Cooperation 8

Welcome to Ruby McLeod 11

Grolier-Americana Award 1 1

Bookmobile Driver for a Day 12

Dates to Remember. __ 13

Montana Libraries and Librarians 14

Montanan Wins Dutton-Macrae Award 17

Montana Bookshelf 17

Montana Student Librarians -.. 18

NLW Observed by Student Librarians 18

Reading Poll - 19

Good Public Relations.. ..-_ 20

Reading and Learning Through the Library Program 21

The Community School and the Intermediate Unit 22

The Shortage of Librarians 24

Nancy Larrick Visits Montana 24

Library Workshops and Institutes. 25

School Library Manual 25

New Books for Children _ 26

News Notes - 27

National Library Week Chairman 28

The Board of the State Library Extension Commission:

Miss Kathleen Campbell, Chairman
Mrs. Helen Ewing
Dr. Amos R. Little Jr.
Mrs. J. B. Mast
Miss Harriet Miller

Montana Libraries is issued quarterly by the Montana State Library
Extension Commission, Missoula, Montana. Address correspondence
to Mrs. Ruth O. Longworth, Secretary, MSLEC,

— 2 —


By Harriet Miller
State Superintendent of Public Instruction

The history of America has been
filled with challenges . . . many of
them the result of local, national and
international crises. Today America
again faces crises. Not crises in edu-
cation alone, but crises in which edu-
cation is more important than any
other single factor. We must recog-
nize today's national and global chal-
lenges as crises for education, be-
cause unless education offers funda-
mental answers, no other temporary
or halfway solutions vv^ill matter.

There is no doubt that only an in-
formed citizenry is capable of insur-
ing the survival of the United States
as a leading world power and the
survival of the way of life that we
know as the world's best way of life. We know we m.ust strengthen edu-
cation, in order to assure such an informed and capable citizenry. How
can we do this? Strengthening the school program must come from two
sources: the public, and the school people.

For several years teachers and administrators have been engaged
in an appraisal of the offerings of our schools and a searching re-evalua-
tion of the goals of education. The momentary jitters after Sputnik
brought into focus for increasing numbers of Americans the value of
scholastic competition (essential to the development of individual max-
imum ability) and its correlative, the recognition of individual differences
in ability, aptitude and interest. The real challenge for education, then,
is: how can we, as a democratic nation, offer to all students equal op-
portunity to develop maximum individual potential in order that each
may contribute his best as an American citizen.

To achieve the strong, sound educational program we see as our
goal, we had first to define what was being taught, to analyze and mod-
ernize our curriculum, and to provide minimum, uniform standards for

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— 3 —


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instruction in all subjects throughout our state. Through the combined
efforts of teachers, administrators, school boards and State Department
of Public Instruction staff members, this first step is under way.

But curriculum revision is not enough. There is a further goal . . .
a further responsibility which, in large measure, falls at once upon ad-
ministrators, teachers, school patrons and librarians. It is the respon-
sibility of providing to each student the additional helps that will sup-
plement the basic, uniform program. Librarians and educators recognize
the vitally important role of the library in the school; they share a mu-
tual concern for all contributions to the education, development and
growth of others.

Ideally, from an educational standpoint, an adequate up-to-date
library should be a part of every school, for it is vital to the intellectual
growth and development of students. However, in our state, with its
sparsely populated areas and vast distances, cooperative effort is essen-
tial in order that some of our areas have library facilities. Much has
been done in individual communities and areas. Certain of our schools
have outstanding library programs, certain of our communities have
developed fine working relationships between the school system and
the public library. Certain county superintendents have worked out
cooperative library facilities between schools. Progress has been made.

A Montana School Library Committee was appointed in September
of 1958 by the Superintendent of Public Instruction to: offer advisory
service, where needed, in establishing school libraries; aid in stimu-
lating interest throughout Montana in the important role of school li-
braries; provide established school libraries with a clearing house for
suggestions and recommendations for improving and expanding their
services. Greater numbers of Montanans are becoming cognizant of the
need for development of additional library facilities. In addition, the
State Library Extension Commission has continued to contribute to the
improvement of school library services. We have progressed; we can do
much more. The challenge remains.

With the same spirit of cooperative endeavor which has aided in
the solution of other educational problems, we can look forward to con-
tinuing achievement in providing expanded library facilities and a
stronger educational program for schools throughout Montana.

4 —


Because of the confusion that resuhs from the title of "Secretory"
of the Montana State Library Extension Commission, the Commission,
at its meeting on August 23rd, approved the use of the title "Director
and Secretary" of the SLEC, until such time as the Commission law can
be changed. The present title gives no indication that the Secretary di-
rects the Commission head-quarters and its services.

Kathleen Campbell
Chairman, MSLEC


The School Library Committee, appointed by Miss Harriet Miller,
State Superintendent of Public Instruction met on three occasions last
year and is scheduled for the first Fall meeting, September 26, 1959.

Six areas of needs were selected as important for study and topics
assigned to the members of the committee: The shortage of librarians,
materials collection, library quarters, cooperation with public libraries,
use of the school library, and a better public relations program. A
seventh topic was assigned to William Erickson: "The Library and the
Gifted Child," since this is a subject about which Bill feels deep concern
and interest.

As a first step toward the studies, a questionnaire was sent out to
all of the school librarians in the state, asking for an evaluation of the
materials collection. Letitia Johnson prepared the questionnaire and has
assisted Frances Wells in tabulating the returns. Montana has such a
variety of situations in its school libraries that any generalization on
the findings was not possible. Where school librarians are employed,
however, the response was excellent and the chief purpose of the sur-
vey, that of getting the librarians to evaluate their materials collection,
was achieved.

A brochure on book selection and purchase is in the process of
compilation by Eilene Morrison and will be duplicated at MSC and
sent from there to all administrators and school librarians.

Library standards for the Elementary, Junior High and High School,
for Montana and the Northwest Accrediting Association, have been
studied and approved.

The committee has studied the School Library Manual, prepared
by the joint workshop during the 1958 summer session at Montana State
University, under the sponsorship of the University and Montana State
College. A revision has been undertaken this past summer at the Col-
lege and will be given further study by the Committee.

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At the Fall meeting the committee will evaluate the studies under-
taken so far, and will consider ways and means of implementation in
Montana. Recommendations for future action will be offered.

The following people are members of the committee: Katherine
Anderson, Principal, Whittier Elementary School, Great Falls; Mrs.
Lucille Brown, school librarian, Glasgow; Donald W. Campbell, Super-
intendent of Schools, Fromberg; Richard L. Darling, Assistant Professor,
School of Education, Montana State University, Missoula, Secretary of
of the committee; William Erickson, High School Supervisor, Department
of Public Instruction, Helena; Mrs. Alice Fossen, Roosevelt County
Superintendent of Schools, Wolf Point; Mrs. Robert E. Herrig, Lincoln
County librarian, Libby; Mrs. Letitia K. Johnson, High School librarian,
Ronan; Mrs. Ruth Longworth, Secretary, Montana State Library Exten-
sion Commission, Missoula; Mrs. Winnafern Moore, Rural and Corre-
spondence Schools Supervisor, Department of Public Instruction, Helena;
Eilene Morrison, Assistant Professor, Montana State College Library,
Bozeman; William K. Pate, librarian, Lewis and Clark Jr. High School,
Billings; David R. Pugh, High School Principal, Poison; Robert G. Sando,
Elementary Supervisor, Department of Public Instruction, Helena; Alve
J. Thomas, Superintendent of Schools, Sheridan; and Mrs. Frances
Wells, High School librarian, Helena.

* * * *

Good News From Washington

The states are to receive allotments for the current fiscal year on

the basis of $7,500,000. Montana's share will be $72,427.00. !

* * * *


By Inez Herrig, Coordinator
Northwest Federation of Libraries

Relationships between school and public librarians in Montana —
and the ration in general — range from a few examples of excellent
cooperation to many situations which predominate in indifference or
actual antagonism. There is a basic need for school and public libra-
rians to know each other better.

Miss Eleanor E. Ahlers of ALA believes "there are four reasons for
our problems. They are a lack of understanding of aims and programs;
a lack of communication between buildings that are physically sep-

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arated, and people whose training is somewhat different; a lack of co-
operation because each is possessive and fearful of losing his auton-
omy; a lack of 'togetherness' because of not understanding, not com-
municating, not cooperating — not realizing that actually, we do all
speak the same language."

A community needs both good school libraries and a good public
library — one does not take the place of the other. A saturation point ot
good service has never been reached and it h is been found that the
two agencies strengthen each other where there is coordination of ef-
fort. There is a distinction between school library service and supple-
mental public library service to schools. The difference lies in the
emphasis and in the method of use of materials themselves, although
in many places there is often an unnecessary duplication of services
and materials due to lack of planning.

Suggested areas of cooperation are (1) consultation on selection of
books, (2) curriculum information — exchange of information on school
assignments and titles available, (3) public relations work in encourag-
ing interest in libraries and reading, (4) planning special projects such
as book talks, story-telling, vacation reading, book lists, exchange
visits, card catalog use training, etc., (5) explore possibilities of coop-
erative ordering, processing and cataloging, (6) planning meetings
which include board members, faculty representatives and staff.

Helen Luce Visits New Federations

Miss Helen Luce, Library Extension Specialist of the Library Serv-
ices Branch in Washington, D. C, was a welcome visitor to Montana
in September. Her first meetings were in Whitefish and Kalispell on
September 8th, where librarians and Board Members of the Northwest
Federation met with her. On Wednesday evening, she visited the Great
Falls Public Library and met with the Board and with members of the
newly organized regional library system. Agreements for service are
now in effect with both Cascade and Pondera counties and very soon
this area will provide bookmobile service to the rural residents.

Miss Luce made several stops in other libraries enroute to a meet-
ing with the new Sagebrush Federation in Miles City. Five counties are
included in this federation: Carter, Custer, Fallon, Garfield and Powder
River. Helen had an opportunity to see a great deal of Montana on this
trip and was not only impressed by the size of the state, but satisfyingly
enthusiastic over our grand scenery.

— 7 —

Inter-Relationships and Cooperation

Highlights of a speech on School and Public Library Cooperation
delivered by Eleanor E. Ahlers, Executive Secretary of AASL

In a talk before the Montana State Library Association conference
at Livingston in May, Miss Eleanor Ahlers, Executive Secretary of the
American Association of School Librarians emphasized the necessity
for real communication and understanding between public and school
librarians if they are to achieve an identical goal . . . "of providing
books and other materials and helping to develop a continuing love and
appreciation for them and their value in the life of all of our citizens."
Woeful lack of cooperation has created obstacles to successful library
service. "Now cooperation is needed more than at any time in the his-
tory of libraries."

Reflecting the philosophy of a statement adopted by the ALA coun-
cil, January 30, 1958, Miss Ahlers said, "that children in elementary and
high schools must be surrounded by books to enrich their regular
courses and to aid the gifted; that at the college level the needs of the
increased enrollment must be met, as well as new demands for study
in science and languages; that great research libraries must strengthen
their holdings; that as an educational agency which provides the means
for continued self-education of our citizens, our public libraries must be
supported with the means adequate to the needs of a new era."

"Certainly each of us has his own niche to fill." The public library
characteristics differ from those of the school library where one age
group is served largely in relation to the curriculum and educational
program of the school. Where school libraries do not exist, public libra-
rians need to assume more responsibility for materials to enrich the
school curriculum; where public libraries do not exist, the school library
must make some provision for community use. However, Miss Ahlers
cautions that the "development of school libraries has tended to increase
not decrease public library use and has pointed up the need for ex-
panded collections of books for children and young people." Studies
have shown that public library services directly to the schools, even
though often "needed and helpful" . . . can never replace the distinctive
functions of the school library such as (1) providing books and other
materials selected and organized to meet school needs; (2) providing
library quarters for reference and research; (3) assisting pupils and
teachers in using the library; (4) teaching library and study skills; (5)
and giving individual reading guidance."

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— 8 —


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"The Library Services Act, as pointed out by Mary Helen Mahar,
specialist for school and children's libraries, U.S. Office of Education,
does not provide for school library services, but by including public
library service to children and young people in rural areas, the incen-
tive is provided to 'redefine the complementary and separate functions
of the school library and the public library in their services to rural
children and young people.' "

"In the recent public library standards, several statements are in-
cluded relative to the joint planning between those responsible for
school and public library services based on realistic recognition of the
functions of each agency, in order to provide complete library service
to children and young peoDle."

Miss Ahlers cited instances of fine cooperation. "In 1953, a booklet
entitled 'Programs for Schools and Public Libraries,' a joint recom-
mendation of the Free Library Commission and the Department of Pub-
lic Instruction, was issued in Wisconsin." loining Forces, prepared by
the Indiana Library Association, defines the roles of librarians, trustees
and administrators and makes recommendations in several areas of

One Seattle high school librarian takes the students from her class in
college preparatory English to the public library for instructions in the
use of indexes and tools that extend beyond the school library. The
young adults' librarian has done outstanding work not only with giving

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Luncheon for Congressmen in Washington, D C. at ALA. Eleanore Ahlers, Lee Metcalf,

and Mrs. LeRoy Anderson are entertained by Alma Jacobs. Dick Darling, Eilene Morrison,

Natalie Sliepcevich, and Ruth Longworth.


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library instruction to young people in the library, but by going into high
school classes to give book talks.

As another example of planning together, last February in Everett,
Washington, the public library, county library, and school libraries
joined forces to build and decorate a booth for the Home and Boat
Show, with each agency showing a different aspect of library service
in books featured for home reading. Attractive reading lists have been
compiled as a "joint effort of the Young People's Committee of the Long
Beach Public Library and the Long Beach School librarians. In Balti-
more, reading lists for various grades are issued by the Department of
Education libraries with the cooperation of the Young People's Depart-
ment of the Enoch Pratt Free Library."

Many cities report excellent cooperation, mostly on an informal
basis, with joint meetings of school board and administrators and public
library boards and staff members to consider problems of mutual con-
cern. Others report groups of young people gathering to discuss books
and problems, some "directed and planned independently by the pub-
lic library; others are planned cooperatively with the schools."

"At the state level, school and children's librarians work and meet
together and often issue booklists to the schools."

"National Library Week is probably the greatest incentive we have
had to promote cooperative library efforts . . . AASL has had a special
group of state representatives to work with the overall state committee,
urging school librarians to make NLW more than another Book Week
in the schools. Emphasis has been placed on going out into the com-
munity to work with other librarians. Many interesting activities have

Miss Ahlers summarized that "areas of cooperation between school
end public libraries are in curriculum information; in reference work
about topics assigned, reading levels, number of pupils assigned, avail-
ability of methods of communication; in book selection; in public rela-
tions; in compiling booklists; in extending library services; in organiz-
ing materials for effective use; in planning book talks, storytelling, va-
cation reading projects, and other special projects."

"Quoting from a statement prepared by the Washington School
Library Association committee in 1958 — 'For both the public and school
library, the limits of service are boundless when imaginative and in-
quisitive minds have been reached. Neither public nor school library
can, by itself, offer the complete answer to reading needs, but together,
they can help youth to achieve a measure of happiness and to be at
home in the world'."

— 10 —

Welcome to Ruby McLeod

We are very pleased to welcome
Mrs. Ruby K. McLeod to Montana.
She is the newly appointed Assistant ^

Secretary of the Commission and will
assume her duties early this fall.

Mrs. McLeod comes to us from
Nevada, where she has done a most
commendable job this past year for
the State Library as Consultant.

Earlier she has had valuable ex-
perience in the St. Louis and the Los
Angeles public libraries, both at the
main libraries and in work with the
branches. In 1951, she moved to
Reno, Nevada, and it was through her
fine efforts that the Sparks Branch of
the Washoe County Library became
the busiest library in Nevada, with the highest per capita circulation
in the state.

Ruby is a graduate of the Washington University in St. Louis, Mis-
souri, and of the St. Louis Library School. She has had additional study
in Radio Programming at the St. Louis University and in Publicity at the
University of Nevada. Her recommendations are of the highest and
her record of achievement is outstanding. We look forward to the arrival
of Ruby and her husband, "Mac," with a great deal of anticipation and
pleasure and we know that her contribution to Montana will be very
great indeed.


Grolier - Americana Award

Six Montana teachers have been awarded Grolier-Americana
scholarships in library science to Montana State College, according to
Lesley Heathcote, college librarian.

The scholarships pay for fees and rooms while the teachers are
taking summer school work in library science.

Those who received the scholarships are Erik Erickson, Superin-
tendent of the Outlook schools; Mrs. Bernice Hansen, Clyde Park Ele-
mentary School; Mrs. Priscilla Ley, Helena Junior High School; Mrs.
Patricia Porro, Simms High School; Mrs. Dorothy Randall, Belgrade
High School, and Thomas O. Reese, Brady High School.


Bookmobile Driver For A Day

By B. K. Pate

The moment I walked into State Extension Headquarters that Thurs-
day evening in late August, 1 knew Ruth Longworth had been through
"one of those days" all of us experience in our work.

That wonderfully warm smile of Ruth's greeted me, but the cool,
calm confidence that always pours from her was not quite so apparent.
After the usual preliminaries, the story of Ruth's discomfiture cam.e out.

Vacations and illness had stripped her of adequate staff, the an-
nual report of the library federations was in the making, it was the last
week of bookmobile service to the Five Valleys Federation, and if this
weren't enough, the bookmobile driver was not going to be able to take
the bookmobile out on its last run on Saturday.

The last problem, the lack of a bookmobile driver, was the only
problem 1 could help out on and before long I was looking over the
schedule into Granite County. The stops were Maxville, Hall, and Drum-
mond in that order, beginning at Maxville at 1 1 and continuing until
4:30 at Drummond.

From that evening until Saturday morning 1 looked forward to
the trip on the bookmobile, for it would be my first experience in this
important area of library service and I really felt that my professional
experience was sadly lacking in this regard. I decided to take my ten
year old son, John, along and he, thinking he would be "just going along
for the ride" was pleased. John was in for a bit of a surprise.

My first patrons at Maxville were a grandmother and her grandson.
I had been instructed to inform each patron that this trip would be the
last one for checking out books. The grandmother's reaction was a re-
signed, "I knew it was too good to last." Another patron told me that
a petition they had sent to the county commissioners asking for con-
tinuance of the service had not yet been answered. There was no doubt
about the disappointment felt by the patrons at Maxville over the end
of the service and each one loaded up as many books as he could carry
since, "this is the last chance."

Before we left Maxville John found that he was not along "just for
the ride," and as he busily shelved books I slipped, he kept looking at
me out of the corner of his eye with an odd expression over the turn of
events. A prim ten year old Miss came in about then and asked about

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