Moses King.

The men of New York: a collection of biographies and portraits of citizens of the Empire State prominent in business, professional, social, and political life during the last decade of the nineteenth century (Volume 1) online

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tims of nervous ailments of one kind or another,
until one doubts whether anv healthv minds or

bodies will be found in the years to come. Under
such circumstances it is but natural that many of
the younger generation of physicians should devote
themselves to special investigation of such troubles ;
and few have done this more exhaustively, or with
brighter promise of brilliant success, than Dr. Krauss.

Born in Wyoming county in 1863, he obtained
his preparatory education in the Attica Union
School, from which he graduated in 1S80 as the
valedictorian of his class. He then entered Cornell
University, receiving the degree of Bachelor of
Science in 1884, as well as a two-year certificate for
extra work done in the medical preparatory course.
From the beginning his studies were directed in the
line to which he has steadily devoted himself: sin< e
this preparatory work at Cornell, under Dr. Burt (',.
Wilder, concerned the anatomy and histology of the
nervous system. Dr. Krauss's medical degree was
obtained from the Bellevue Hospital Medical College
in 1886, when he stood second in the honor class.
After spending the summer of that year in Bellevue



Hospital, he went abroad in the fall, and passed
three years in the special study of nervous and
mental diseases. He attended the famous universi-
ties of Munich, Berlin, and Paris, receiving the
degree of M. D., magna cum laude, from the Uni-
versitv of Berlin in l.sss. In the spring of 1889

II il.l.l.lM C. A'A'. I r.S'.V

he visited the London medical schools, returning
home in June of that year.

Dr. Krauss had some acquaintance with Buffalo,
where his father was well known in commercial
circles; and he had already acquired a reputation
among the members of his profession there as special
correspondent of the Buffalo Medical Journal during
liis years of study abroad. He decided, therefore,
to >cttle in that city. So long and thorough a prep-
aration for any calling could hardly fail to eiiMirc
success therein certainly not when united with
such natural ability as Dr. Krauss possesses. His
success has been uninterrupted, and he has already
built up a large special practice. He has also made
a reputation as an expert on insanity, and has been

called upon to testify before the courts in nearly
every important case calling for such testimony in
central and western New York.

As a medical writer and instructor Dr. Krauss has
been prominent ever since he began practice. He
has been professor of pathology in the medical depart-
ment of Niagara University (1890-!)')),
and is now professor of nervous diseases
there. In 1X90 he delivered a course of
lectures at Cornell University. He is
associate editor of the Buffalo Medical
Journal, and of several other medical
publications in both Europe and Amer-
ica. He has published sixty-five scien-
tific papers, treating of a variety of
subjects, and embodying the results of
much original research in his special
line. His connection with professional
societies is unusually extensive : he is a
Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Soci-
ety of London, and of the American
Neurological Association ; he is a mem-
ber of the American Microscopical Soci-
ety (of which he is secretary), the
Buffalo Microscopical Society (of which
he was president in 1892-93), the New
York State Medical Society, the Medical
Association of Central New York (of
which he was elected first vice president
October -20, IXJMi), the Lake Erie Medi-
cal Society, and the Erie County Medi
cal Society. He was one of the found
ers of the Buffalo Academy of Medicine
in Ix'.tl^, and was its secretary for several
years. In lXJM>-92 he was secretary of
the Buffalo Obstetrical Society. He be-
longs to the Buffalo Medical Club, ah
well as to the Liberal and I'niversity
clubs of Buffalo, and the Buffalo Associa-
tion of Cornell Alumni. He holds the position of
neurologist in a number of the city hospitals, includ-
ing the Erie County Hospital, the Sisters of Charity
Hospital, and the Asylum and Hospital of the Sisters
of St. Francis.

Christopher Krauss was born at Attica, N. Y. ,
October 1~>. IMi-i ; graduated from Cornell Univer-
sity in 18S4, and from Bellevuc Hospital Medical
College, New York city, in 188U : studied in Euro-
pean universities, l$,W-Sf) ; married Clara Krieger
of Sa/a/na/icit, .Y. )'. , September 4, 1800; has prac-
ticed in Buffalo since 1S.90, confining his u<ork to dis-
eases of the mind and nervous system ; has been pro-
fessor in X'iagara University since 1801.



C. Sbafet is well and favorably
known in commercial circles, and in the political life
of Buffalo. Few men have been so thoroughly occu-
pied with business, and at the same, time so promi-
nent in local affairs. But Mr. Shafer possesses
unusual capacity for grappling with, and quickly
solving, the many perplexing problems that arise in
the course of a mercantile career. The growing de-
mands of his business have in recent years restricted
his activity in matters of public concern, but he is
thoroughly informed on all public questions.

Mr. Shafer is a native of the Keystone State, and
received there a common-school and an academic
education. After taking up his residence in Buffalo
he pursued a commercial course at Bryant & Strat-
ton's Business College in that city. He began life's
work with the firm of Barnes, Bancroft & Co. of
Buffalo, from whose employ he went to
serve as bookkeeper for (). S. Garretson.
With this training he embarked in the
hardware business as a partner in the
Buffalo Hardware Co., and was con-
nected with this enterprise for six years.
He then became manager of the Buffalo
School Furniture Co. The growth of
their business rendered incorporation de-
sirable, and upon the organization of the
concern as a stock company Mr. Shafer
became director, treasurer, and general
manager. He has retained these posi-
tions to the present time. The improve-
ment in school furnishings in recent
years has been marvelous, but Mr. Shafer
has kept his company in the van of the

In politics Mr. Shafer is a Republi-
can, but could not be fairly called a par-
tisan. His popularity was shown when
he ran for alderman on the Republican
ticket in the old 3d ward of Buffalo,
time out of mind a Democratic strong-
hold. Mr. Shafer came within 132 votes
of an election. Two years later he was
appointed police commissioner by Mayor
Becker, and diligently performed the
duties of that office. In the year 1889
he was elected to the office of city comp-
troller. He served one term to the satis-
faction of the people, and would have
been renominated by his party, had not
the pressure of private business compelled him to
decline. In the same year there was a movement
afoot to elect Mr. Shafer mayor of the city, but the
same reasons that obliged him to decline a renom-

ination for comptroller made it necessary to re-
nounce as well all thought of the mayoralty.

The development and expansion of the business of
the Buffalo School Furniture Co. is due in large part
to Mr. Shafer's tireless energy and foresight. His
duties with this company absorb nearly all his time.
Recently, however, he has been elected president of
the Standard Paving Co. of Buffalo; and for years
he has been a director of the Hydraulic Bank. He
is a member of many fraternities, in all of which he
takes a prominent part, and has filled various high
offices. In short, since taking up his residence in
Buffalo, Mr. Shafer has proved himself not only a
sound business man, but also one who has the best
interests of his community at heart. He enjoys ac-
cordingly in large measure the respect and good will
of his fellow-citizens.

Shafer was born at Honesdalf, Pfnii. , April 1 ,' ,
1850; received a common-school and an academic educa-
tion in Pennsylvania : mored to Buffalo in 18i ,.' :

.I/A'. V (>/' .\'/:'ll" JVM' A' -WESTERN SECTION

married Elizabeth Anderson of J>njf<t/i> Jim,' ..'.'> , As 1 I'.'/ ;
engaged in the hardware business, /<s'7 /-.s'-< .
pointed police commissioner of Buffalo May 7,
7f.v <-//! comptroller, 18'.>0-f)l ; has been connected
with the Buffalo School J'urnitiirc Co. .iiiie,- Jfifl-i.

IKHCIlDe. we ll known us a successful
physician in a difficult specialty, and more widely
known for his remarkable efficiency as health com-
missioner of Buffalo, was born in Erie county about
forty years ago. After graduating from the Buffalo
High School in 1874, Dr. Wende engaged in teach-
ing two years, and then took up the study of medi-
cine. His medical education consumed the greater
part of the next twelve years, and included attendance
at Buffalo University, from which he graduated with
honors in 1878; at the College of Physicians and
Surgeons, Columbia ; and at the University of Penn-
sylvania, whence he graduated with honors of the
first class in 1884, and from which he received the
degree of Bachelor of Science in 1885. In 1885-81;
he crowned with the latest results of medical re-
search an education that was already remarkably
thorough, studying in Vienna and Berlin, and
specializing his work on skin diseases and micros-
copy in the private laboratories of Virchow and
Koch. In the course of his medical studies Dr.
Wende won a West Point competitive examination,
and attended the Military Academy one year
(1875-76). He practiced medicine at Alden, Erie
county, in the intervals of his advanced professional
training. In 1879 he was elected school commis-
sioner from the first district of Erie county. Since
his return from Berlin in the fall of 1886, he has
practiced continuously in Buffalo, and has made
himself famous for his successful treatment of dis-
eases of the skin.

We have saved most of our space for an account
of Dr. Wende' s work as health commissioner of
Buffalo. Under this head it is not too much to say
that his services to the city have been invaluable,
and will benefit Buffalonians for many years to
come. Taking office January 1, 1892, by appoint-
ment from Mayor Bishop, he entered upon his duties
admirably equipped for the work before him. His
exhaustive professional studies and rare skill as a
physician were only a part of his qualifications.
Added to these he possessed unusual executive
ability, and was thereby enabled to organi/e a de-
partment of health that has become a model for
other cities. Under his administration the death
rate in Buffalo has steadily decreased, having fallen
from 23.48 per thousand of population in 1H91 tn
11.67 for the first six months of 1896. The deaths

recorded in 1891 were 6001 in number, while iu
1895, notwithstanding an increase of 80,000 inhab-
itants, the number of recorded deaths had fallen to
4(!M. These and other statistics are regarded as
proof that Buffalo is the healthiest city of its si/e in
the world.

The following are some of the ways in which Dr.
Wende has brought about this most beneficent
result. Formerly records of contagious diseases
were made by mail at the convenience of the attend-
ing physician : now all such cases must be reported
immediately by telephone. Thereupon the health
office, open at all hours day and night, will dispatch
a man to inspect the premises, attach placards to the
house, and adopt such other sanitary precautions as
may be advisable. To guard against the pollution
of the city water, daily bacteriological and chemical
examinations are made. One of the first results of
this system was to close forever an emergency inlet
which was formerly used in times of low water, and
which sometimes let sewage into the public mains.
( >ver half the wells formerly used for domestic pur-
poses were found on examination to contain water
charged with germ life, and were accordingly filled
up. The periodical visitation of the public schools
and annual vaccination of the pupils, minimizes the
danger of epidemics in the schools. All police sta-
tions, fire-department quarters, and schoolhouses are
minutely inspected at stated intervals, to ensure
hygienic conditions.

The inspection and purification of the milk supply
of Buffalo involved a difficult piece of organization.
The banishment of cow barns from thickly peo-
pled districts, and the compulsory observance by-
milk producers of regulations designed to reduce the
risks of mothers and children, were at last effected ;
and now a record is kept of every milkman, so that
any diseases on his route ascribable to impure milk
may lead to investigation and appropriate punish-
ment. Another feature of the Wende administra-
tion that abolishes disease by preventing its birth.
may be found in the system of inspecting supplies of
vegetables, meats, and the like, at markets and pro-
duce houses. Frozen oranges, rotten bananas, and
other dangerous food, have frequently been con-
demned. Tenement houses, minor hotels, and lodg-
ing places are often visited, lest infectious diseases take
root and spread undetected. A vast amount of sick-
ness has doubtless been headed off by municipal super-
vision of plumbing and drainage. No plumbing can
now be done unless plans therefor are first filed,
and approved by experts ; and no householder need
pay for his plumbing until the completed work is
passed upon by inspectors and accepted. Without



recounting further the means employed by Dr.
Wende to protect the city from disease, suffice it to
say that he has conducted the department of health
on a scientific basis from first to last.

Dr. Wende is professor of diseases of the skin in
the medical department of the University of Buffalo,
and of botany and microscopy in the
College of Pharmacy. He is great 1\
interested in geology, botany, and the
natural sciences generally, and is pro-
foundly erudite in these subjects. He is
also an archaeologist, and has brought to
light many interesting relics in his nu-
merous country walks around western
New York and Ontario. The Buffalo
Society of Natural Sciences is indebted
to him for many valuable contributions.

Dr. Wende belongs to the Erie County
Medical Society, the New York State
Medical Association, the American Mi-
croscopical Society, and the Pan-Ameri-
can Medical Association. He was re-
cently elected vice president of the
American Public Health Association.
He is a Fellow of the Electro-Thera-
peutic Association, and of the Royal
Microscopical Society of England.

Ernest Wende was born at Mill Grove,
N. Y., July 23, 1853; graduated from
the Buffalo High School in 181 4, from
the medical department of the University
of Buffalo in 1818, and from tlic Univer-
sity of Penns\lvania in 18S4 ; studied in
the medical department of Columbia Col-
lege, 1881-82, and in the universities of
Berlin and I lenna, 188586 ; married
Frances Harriet Cutler of Omaha, Neb. ,
August 25, 1881 ; has practiced his pro-
fession at Buffalo since November, 1886 ; has been
liealth commissioner of Buffalo since /aniiarv, 18!> !.

flfo. J6[a3C>ell f for years past one of
the leading citizens of North Collins, Erie county,
was born in Perrysburg, N. Y., in 1H40. His edu-
cation was varied, beginning with the district school,
and including attendance at Gowanda Academy and
Oberlin College. He also taught school two winters
in the town of Persia, Cattaraugus county, before
going to Oberlin. He left college to continue his
education in one of the finest possible schools of
discipline the Union army during the Rebellion.
Enlisting in the first year of the war, in company
H, 44th New York volunteers, he remained in the

army until July, 18(>'2, when he was wounded so
seriously in the fight at Malvern Hill, the last of the
"Seven Days' Battles," that he was compelled to
leave the service.

Like thousands of other bright young men, Mr.
Blasdell began his business career as a telegraph


operator. He was soon promoted to the position of
station agent, and served in that capacity for nine
years at Smith's Mills, Chautauqua county. Wisely
concluding that such work was not likely to result in
financial independence or an assured position in life,
Mr. Blasdell formed a partnership with David Sher-
man at North Collins, for the conduct of a general
mercantile business. They commenced operations
April 1, 1872, and carried on a successful business
for the next five years.

To many people Mr. Blasdell is known chiefly
through his connection with the suburb of Buffalo
founded by him and bearing his name. In 1883 he
bought a large tract of land in the northern part of
Hamburg, Erie county, and laid out there the town



of Blasdell. He caused a post office to be estab-
lished at the place, and was the first postmaster ;
and he conducted a general store there for several
years. He still owns much valuable property at
Blasdell, and is naturally greatly interested in the
prosperity of the town ; but in 1887 he returned to


North Collins, and has since resided there. In a
business way he has concerned himself chiefly with
real estate.

As might be expected from his prominence in
business affairs, Mr. Blasdell has likewise attained
distinction in political life. He was supervisor of
the town of North Collins for the three years, 1878
SO. In November, 1895, he was elected to the state
legislature from the 8th assembly district by the
largest majority ever given to a candidate in his dis-
trict, and in November, !*<)(;, he was re-elected.
He was appointed by Governor Morton in 1895 a
trustee of the Thomas Asylum, an institution for
orphan Indians on the Cattaraugus Indian reserva-
tion. He is now treasurer of the institution as well.

His service in the Civil War has given Mr. Blasdell
a place in the Grand Army of the Republic, and he
is a Past Commander of the S. C. Noyes Post. He
has taken an active part in Masonry, having member-
ship in Fortune Lodge, No. 788, F. & A. M.,
Gowanda Chapter. No. 136, R. A. M., and Sala-
manca Commandery, No. 62, K. T.

Heman M. Blasdell was born at Pcrr\s-
Inirg, Ciittariiugits county, N. Y., Janu-
ary ;S, 1840 ; took part in the Civil War,
1861-62 ; married Lusannah Sherman of
North Collins, N. Y., June 8, 1864;
was telegraph operator and station agent
at Smith's Mills, N. Y., 1863-72; con-
ducted a general store at North Collins,
187277 ; was supervisor of North Col-
lins, /.sV.s'-W founded the town of Blas-
dell, Erie county, N. Y., in 1883, and
engaged in business there, 1883-87 ; was
elected member of assembly in November,
1805, from the 8th Eric-county district,
and was re-elected in 1896 ; has lived in
North Collins since 1887.

IRHUliam Booftstaver, mayor of

Dunkirk, N. Y., and for many years
thoroughly identified with all that is
good in the city, is of Dutch descent,
and was born in Montgomery, N. Y., in
the last days of the year 1833. His
ancestors are traceable in this country,
through various paths of honor, from the
year 1732, when his great-grandfather,
Jacob Boochstaber (as the name was
then spelled), came from Holland, and
settled in Orange county, New York.

Mr. Bookstaver graduated from Mont-
gomery Academy in 1852, and afterward
taught in the same institution for one year. His
ultimate purpose was to practice law, and in April,
1855, he went to Dunkirk to prepare himself for the
legal profession. After studying in the office of
Brown &: Bookstaver he was admitted to the bar in

A sound knowledge of law is an invaluable piece
of equipment for any business man, and this fact
has not infrequently encouraged lawyers to use their
talents chiefly in the conduct of business affairs. So
it has been in great part with Mr. Bookstaver. He
has transacted a good deal of office law business ;
but he engaged in real -estate ventures on a large
scale soon after his admission to the bar, and these
operations, together with other business pursuits.


have absorbed his time and attention to the exclu-
sion of active legal practice. He showed his faith
in the future of Dunkirk by making large real-estate
investments in different parts of the city ; and he
has long been one of the heaviest individual tax-
payers of the place. He is president of the Dun-
kirk Savings and Loan Association, which has
helped many worthy men to acquire homes and
property. He was prominent in the organization of
the Dunkirk, Warren <S: Pittsburg railroad, now the
Dunkirk, Allegheny Valley & Pittsburg, and was
one of the original directors of the company.

The story of Mr. Bookstaver's political career is
long and interesting, and extremely significant of
the esteem in which he is held by his fellow-citizens.
He has served Dunkirk, as village and city, in every
department of municipal administration. While
the place remained a village he was suc-
cessively its clerk, attorney, treasurer,
and president. In 1875 he was elected
supervisor from the town of Dunkirk,
and remained on the board, with the
exception of a single twelvemonth, for
sixteen years. At the end of that period,
in 1890, he declined a unanimous nomi-
nation for re-election, as he was about
to make an extended foreign tour. In
1885 he was appointed one of the water
commissioners, and is still on the board.
In 1887 he was appointed mayor of
Dunkirk to fill the vacancy caused by
the resignation of M. L. Hinman, and
the next year he was elected to the same
office. He was re-elected in 1889 and
again in 1890, and in 1896 he was once
more summoned to the mayor's chair.

While mayor, in 1888, Mr. Book-
staver devoted much time to the estab-
lishment of a system of municipal electric
lighting, believing that in this way the
city could secure the best results at a
minimum cost. Dunkirk was the pio-
neer in this movement in the state, and
the plan met with fierce opposition.
The mayor, supported by the common
council, argued the matter before the
governor and both branches of the legis-
lature, and carried it through the courts.
It was a test case of municipality 7'ersi/s
monopoly, and Mayor Bookstaver's un-
tiring efforts were finally crowned with success. So
high an authority as Professor Richard T. Ely, the
well-known economist and advocate of municipal
ownership, gives Mr. Bookstaver great credit for

this achievement ; and the fact that lights are fur-
nished in Dunkirk at 15 cents a night each as
compared with 50 cents in Baltimore and 65 cents
in Boston, where the service is obtained from private
corporations, is a strong argument in favor of his

For many years Mr. Bookstaver has been well
known in state political circles as an earnest Demo-
crat. In 1876 he was a delegate to the Democratic
national convention at St. Louis that nominated
Samuel J. Tilden for the presidency. In 1887 he
was appointed by Governor Hill a member of the
committee on prison-labor reform, and served as
chairman of the same.

staver was born at Montgomery, Orange county, N. Y. ,
December .'.V. IS. 1.1 ; 7,'(?.f educated in Ifont^omery

Acadcmv ; studied law in Dunkirk, N. Y., and was
in/i ittfi/ f/> the /iar i/t /,S'.7,S\- married Marv A.
Leonard of Augusta, Me., July 18, 1861; Wai
sn/>fn'isnr for tin' toicii of Dunkirk, lS7-~i!>, with


///< exception of one year ; was a delegate to the Demo-
cratic natiii:il convention in 1876 : was mavor of
Dunkirk, 188790, ami was again elected in 1896 ;
lias practiced law in Dunkirk and engaged in real-
- Derations there since 18i>8.


GbalmerS is one of the sturdy, ener-
getic sons of Scotland who form so respectable an
element of the population of western New York.
He was born near Edinburgh, a poor boy, and owes
his success to his pluck, perseverance, and intelli-
gence. His schooling was brief. It began when he
was seven years old, and ended at thirteen when he
left Gillespie's Free School, in Edinburgh, with the
medal awarded for the highest average in all
branches of the curriculum. He then taught school
in Edinburgh until he was sixteen, and afterward
became an apprentice to an Edinburgh machinist.
But his work in the school, and later in the machine
shop, was only a part of what the boy did. From
the age of eight, in addition to his other duties, he

Online LibraryMoses KingThe men of New York: a collection of biographies and portraits of citizens of the Empire State prominent in business, professional, social, and political life during the last decade of the nineteenth century (Volume 1) → online text (page 43 of 69)