Moses King.

The men of New York: a collection of biographies and portraits of citizens of the Empire State prominent in business, professional, social, and political life during the last decade of the nineteenth century (Volume 1) online

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Albany to take a position in the capitol
commissioner's office. He remained
there for more than three years, and
then, returning to Buffalo, resumed the
practice of law, first by himself, and later
in partnership with Devoe P. Hodson.

When the election for delegates to the
constitutional convention was held, Mr.
Webster was named as one of the Demo-
cratic candidates. The nomination was
made in the expectation that he would
be elected, and would have a part in the
work of revising the constitution, as the
Democratic party was then in apparently
impregnable control of the state. But
1893 proved to be a Republican year, and Mr. Web-
ster was defeated with most of the other candidates
of his party in his part of the state.

Mr. Webster belongs to the Buffalo Club, the
Ancient Landmark Lodge, F. & A. M., the Royal
Arcanum, and the Sons of the American Revolution.
He has served terms of enlistment in both the 65th
and the 74th regiments. He is a member of the
Church of the Ascension (Episcopal).

ll'i'/'sffi- li'as born at Buffalo March S, 1859; was
educated in public and private schools in Buffalo ; was
aJmitted to the bar in 1880 : married Agnes Jeanette
Orens of Buffalo June 27, 1SS-! : has practiced law
in Buffalo since 1886.

J//S.Y or \Kir voRKir/-:sr/-:K\ SECTION

%. ZittCl, one of the pro-
prietors of the Buffalo Candy Co., was horn in
Detroit, Mich., a little more than forty years ago.
His parents were natives of the province of Alsace-
Lorraine who came to this country in the early '30's
and settled in Buffalo. Later they moved further
westward to Michigan, where Wadsworth was born.
He graduated from the public schools of Detroit,
and afterward took a course at Bryant & Stratton's
Business College there ; and at the age of fifteen,
with a sound fundamental education and plenty of
native pluck and energy, he started in business life.
He went first to Akron, Ohio, where he spent three
years in a wholesale drug and grocery house, and
gained considerable insight into practical business
methods. He then betook himself to Buffalo, his
parents' former home, and entered the employ of
Philip Becker &: Co., one of the largest
wholesale grocery firms in the city. He
began with them at the bottom of the
ladder, but soon worked his way up to
more important positions, and eventual! \
became a traveling salesman, with terri-
tory in western New York and Pennsyl-
vania. In fact the greater part of the
fifteen }ears that he remained with this
house was spent "on the road." I'.ul-
falo's wonderful development along all
the lines of business and commercial
activity began during this time, and Mr.
Zittel's employers were not slow to take
advantage of the favorable conditions.
Progressive, and at the same time con-
servative, their house furnished an excel-
lent practical school in which to learn
sound business principles and successful
business methods. Mr. Zittel was an
apt pupil, and his connection with the
firm was profitable alike to them and to

But when a favorable opportunity of-
fered to embark in business on his own
account, Mr. Zittel, like most other men,
was willing to leave even a good posi-
tion as an employee for the sake of the
greater independence to be found in an
establishment of his own. In company,
therefore, with Michael Hausauer, who
had been one of his employers in the
firm of Becker & Co., and his son
George M. Hausauer, Mr. Zittel in 1S!)1 established
the Buffalo Candy Co., manufacturers and wholesale
dealers in confectionery. He has conducted this
business ever since, and has met with a gratifying

measure of success. A spacious building on Ellicott
street is now occupied by this company.

Mr. Zittel is a consistent Republican, and has
long taken an interest in party politics. He has
never held public office, but his name has been
mentioned in connection with various political
nominations. He is a Mason, and belongs to all the
bodies of the order up to and including the 32d
degree. He is also an Odd Fellow, and a member
of Holy Trinity Lutheran Church. He belongs to
various social organizations, among them the Old
Cierman Society and the Ellicott Club.

J. Zittel was born at Detroit, Mich., November ,'-' f ,
185. r > ; was educated in public schools and Brvant e>'
Stratton's Business College ; was clerk in a wholesale
drug and grocery house at Akron, ()., 1N70-73 : was


iii tlie employ of Pliilip Becker & Co., Buffalo,
1878-88 : married Sarah Goetz of Buffalo May 13,
1SSO ; /ins been a proprietor of the Buffalo Candy
Co. since IS'ul.


Carl ttO tmltciren, the only Swedish pastor
in the United States who has served a single congre-
gation so long as thirty-two consecutive years, is
widely known in western New York and Pennsyl-
vania, and as widely beloved. Born in one of the
southern provinces of" Sweden on Christmas day.


1832, he has lived a long life consistently with the
happy omen of his birthday. He came to America
with his parents in September, 1853, and took up his
residence in the old Swedish settlement at Andover,
111. He had then reached his majority, and had al-
ready made some progress in obtaining an education.
At Andover this progress was much accelerated by
the tuition of the gifted pastor of the local church,
the Rev. Jonas Swensson, who was Mr. Hultgren's
predecessor in the pastorate at Jamestown. Continu-
ing his studies in Chicago, Springfield, and Paxton,
111., Mr. Hultgren was ordained Lutheran pastor
by the Augustana synod June 19, 1864.

Before this date he had received a call from the
First Swedish Lutheran congregation at Jamestown.

Accepting this opportunity gladly, he threw himself
into his work with the ardor of youth, the energy of
his race, the devotion of his noble character. Suc-
cess could not long withstand such forces, and the
little church with which he started flourished exceed-
In 1864, when he took charge of the James-
town church, the communicant member-
ship was eighty. This figure had risen
to 123.3 when he resigned in 1895, while
the total membership amounted to 2252.
The first church was built by him in
lMi(>, and was afterwards enlarged; and
the congregation now worship in a su-
perb Medina-stone structure valued at
$100,000. In 1895 failing health made
it prudent for Mr. Hultgren to give up
active service, and his appreciative and
affectionate congregation voted him a
liberal annual pension.

But Mr. Hultgren has been more than
a pastor or rather, he has been a
perfect pastor, in the full etymological
meaning of the word : he has cared for
his flock most tenderly and most faith-
fully. Unnumbered poor immigrants
from his native land bless him for his
kindness to them in their hour of need.
He furnished transportation, clothing,
meals, and overflowing cheer. His little
home was often crowded, but room was
always made for the helpless. His ser-
vices were not confined to his immediate
congregation. For years he was the
only Swedish Lutheran clergyman in
western New York, and his countrymen
both there and in Pennsylvania came to
rely upon him implicitly for services in
matters spiritual.

Mr. Hultgren has taken a broad view
of his work, and has served the cause of Christian
advancement in many ways not directly connected
with his pastoral duties. He organized and nur-
tured into abounding vitality a great number of the
Swedish churches that now exert their beneficent
influence over the western counties of the Empire
State and adjacent parts of Pennsylvania. He was
one of the organizers, in 1870, and the first presi-
dent, of the New York Conference of the Augus-
tana synod, a body that now has 35,000 members,
and owns property valued at over $1,000,000. In
1883 he became the chief founder and one of the
incorporators of the Gustavus Adolphus Orphans'
Home, located at Jamestown. Ever since then he
has given the institution untiring care.



Mr. Hultgren is a singularly modest man, and his
countless benefactions would never have been known
from any act or word of his. This biography, in-
deed, would never appear if he could have his way ;
but thousands of readers will welcome even an in-
adequate sketch of his inspiring life and exalted

Hultgren was born at Hvena, Sweden, December 25,
1832 ; came to the United States in 1853 ; was edu-
cated at Illinois State University, Springfield, III. , and
at Augustana College and Seminary, Paxton, III.,
from which he graduated in 1864 > married Annie
Truedson at Galcsbitrg, III. , June 6, 1866 ; was
pastor of the First Swedish Lutheran Church, James-
town, N. V. , 1864-95 : has been president of the
board of directors of the Gitstavus Adolphus Orphans'
Home, Jamestown, since its organization
in 1883.

jf rani? S. afeCS, long prominent
in his native county of Cattaraugus, and
of late actively connected with many en-
terprises in Buffalo, was born of New
England parentage fifty-odd years ago in
what is now the village of Arcade. His
career as inventor, manufacturer, public
official, and private citizen, presents an
unusual variety of interesting details, and
displays throughout a conscientiousness
and a desire to benefit his fellows that
are not so common as optimists would
have us believe.

In his boyhood Mr. Oakes attended the
district schools of Cattaraugus county ;
and later spent several terms at a "se-
lect" school at Yorkshire Center, which
he organized by securing pupils and
teacher himself. Just before his major-
ity he entered a hardware and tin store
at Otto, N. Y., of which his brother was
one of the proprietors. He remained
there several years, acquiring a practical
knowledge of tinsmithing in addition to
a general knowledge of the retail busi-
ness of the store. His boyhood having
been spent on a dairy farm, he was
familiar with the handling of milk and
all dairy products ; and in 1<S73 he made
practical application of this early knowl-
edge by inventing and patenting the " common-
sense milk pans " for cream raising. The peculiar-
ity of these pans consisted in the setting of the milk
at the unusual depth of ten to twenty inches, and

their introduction was hindered by the prejudice of
even the most intelligent dairymen against such an
innovation ; but in 1.S78 the invention was awarded
the first pri/.e at the New York State Fair, and
to-day Mr. Oakes' s theory has become generally
accepted. Since 1S74 he has been successfully
engaged in the manufacture of his invention in Cat-
taraugus, and of late years has greatly extended his
operations. A large tinning and stamping plant has
been established, and a general line of dairy and
cheese-factory apparatus is manufactured. The pres-
ent style of the firm is Oakes & Burger, and their
goods are sold throughout the dairy sections of the
United States.

Since 1891 Mr. Oakes has been a member of the
firm of Rich <& Oakes, dealers in real estate in
Buffalo and vicinity. An enthusiastic believer in



the future of the Queen City, and in the tremendous
impetus which the advent of electric energy from
the Falls may be expected to impart to the manu-
facturing interests of the Niagara frontier, he has


Identified himself with many movements for pro-
moting the prosperity of "greater Buffalo." He
took a prominent part in the building of the Buffalo,
Kenmore &: Tonawanda electric railway, and was
vice president and a director of the company until
it was sold to the Buffalo Traction Co. He is a
member of the Buffalo Real Estate Exchange, and
was a director of the association for one year. He
represented the Exchange in the World's Real
Estate Congress in Chicago during the exposition of
IMI.'!. He served as chairman of the improvement
committee of the Exchange ; and he is now chair-
man of the forestry committee, a body that aims to
secure the establishment of a municipal bureau that
shall plant and care for the shade trees of the city.
He was a member of the Exchange committee that
obtained from the municipal authorities the right of
entrance for Niagara Falls electric power.

Mr. Oakes has taken a keen interest in public
affairs for a long time. Twenty years ago he was
elected excise commissioner of the town of New
Albion, in which the village of Cattaraugus is situa-
ted, and used his office to rid the town, through the
courts, of the traffic in intoxicating liquors ; and he
accomplished the work so thoroughly that there has
been no return of the evil since. He has served as
president of the village of Cattaraugus for three suc-
cessive terms, during which the present system of
waterworks, deemed one of the best in the country,
was constructed. His latest re-election, in 1896,
without opposition, was a strong endorsement of his
able and vigorous administration. On questions of
general public policy his sympathies are with the
Republicans, though his interest in the cause of
temperance, both from a moral and economic stand-
point, compelled him to vote with the Prohibition
party for a number of years. He was a delegate to
the Prohibition national convention in 1884 and
again in 1888. In the crucial campaign of 1896,
however, he gave his active support to the Republi-
can ticket, making a number of speeches in favor of
M< -Kinky and sound money.

Consistently with his principles, Mr. Oakes ab-
stains from the use of tobacco and strong drinks.
He is a member of the Congregational church, but
is liberal in his religious views, believing in prac-
tical rather than theoretical Christianity. He is
much interested in Sunday-school work, and is a
supporter of home and foreign missionary enter-
prises. He is a member of the Ellicott Club of
Buffalo, of the Ancient Order of United Workmen,
and of the Royal Templars of Temperance.

Stace\ Oakes was born at China ( n<m> Arcade'},

N. Y., Dfiii/i/ii'i ,.'!';, 1S44 ' iuas educated in district
and "select" schools : ? employed in a hardware
store at Otto, N. Y. , 1865-69 ; married Jennie
Calver of Marblchead, Mass., September 11, 1872;
has been president of the village of Cattaraugus, A r . Y. ,
si/iff 1S.94 ' /" !x I'/i^ii^ri/ in the manufacture of dairy
and clieese-factor\ apparatus at Cattaraugus since
1874, <! "J " ! real-estate and other enterprises in
Buffalo since 1801.

M. iPCttCbCmC has taken a promi-
nent part in the recent development of Niagara
Falls from a town of small commercial importance
to a thriving and growing manufacturing city. The
story of the "harnessing of Niagara" is a familiar
one, and each successive step in the great achieve-
ment has been watched with eager interest. A
wonderful impetus has been given to all kinds of
business activity in that locality, and men like Mr.
Pettebone have not been slow to avail themselves of
the opportunities thus presented.

Born in Lockport less than fifty years ago, Mr.
Pettebone was taken to Buffalo in early childhood,
and was educated there in private schools. In the
meantime his family moved to Niagara Falls, and
when he left school in 1865 he entered the office of
the Niagara Falls Paper Mfg. Co. He remained
with this concern eighteen years, becoming thor-
oughly conversant with the business in all its
branches, and developing from an inexperienced lad
into a shrewd and sagacious business man. Finally,
in 1883, he organized the Pettebone Paper Co., and
was made its secretary and treasurer. Five years
later he became president of the corporation, and
held the office until 1892. At that time the Pette-
bone - Cataract Paper Co. was organized, with Mr.
Pettebone as vice president and director ; and these
positions he still holds.

Mr. Pettebone has thus been connected with the
manufacture of paper for over thirty years, or during
the whole of his business life ; and his best energies
have been devoted to this, his chief enterprise. His
business interests, however, are varied and exten-
sive, and several corporations have received the
benefit of his counsel in their boards of directors,
among them the Niagara County Savings Bank, the
Niagara Falls Power Co., and the Niagara Falls
Water Works Co. He was at one time, also, vice
president of the Cataract Bank.

Military affairs have interested Mr. Pettebone
greatly for a long time, and for six years, beginning
in 1885, he was first lieutenant of the 42d Separate
Company at Niagara Falls. In 1X91 he was made
major and inspector of rifle practice of the 4th


brigade, N. G., N. Y., and since 1894 he has been
inspector of the brigade. In political matters he is
a Republican, and he was his party's candidate for
supervisor several years ago ; but he has never had
the time or the inclination to interest himself greatly
in politics. He took an active part for many years
in the work of Rescue Hook & Ladder
Co., of which he was foreman from 1871
to 1881, and president for several suc-
ceeding years. Since 1888 he has been
junior warden of St. Peter's Episcopal
Church at Niagara Falls. Of late he has
found it convenient as well as agreeable
to spend his winters in Buffalo ; but he
still maintains a summer home at Niag-
ara Falls, and is bound to the smaller
city by many social as well as business

Lauren W. Pettebone was born at Lock-
port, N. Y., June 29, 1848 ; was edu-
cated in private schools in Buffalo : was
in the employ of the Niagara Falls Paper
Mfg. Co., 1865-83; married Lavinia
Porter Townsend of Niagara Falls, N. Y. ,
September 14, 1881 ; mas secretary and
treasurer of the Pettebone Paper Co.,
1883-88, and president, 1888-92 ; Aa.<
been vice president and director of the Pet-
tebone- Cataract Paper Co. since its organ-
ization in 1892.

B. porter, one of the most
eminent men of Niagara Falls, and else-
where widely known and respected in
western New York, is descended from n
line of ancestors renowned in history.
His father, Colonel Peter A. Porter, was
killed at the battle of Cold Harbor
while gallantly leading his regiment over the breast-
works in a magnificent charge. Two nights later
five brave men of his command rescued the body
under the very breath of the enemy's guns. Gen-
eral Peter Buel Porter, the grandfather of our present
subject, was even more distinguished, attaining high
honors in both civil and military life. He was
elected to congress three times, and was the right
arm of the American forces in the battles of Fort
Erie, Chippewa, and Lundy's Lane. He was, in-
deed, the chief figure in the great historic drama
enacted in western New York in the early decades
of the century.

With such inspiration in the past, Mr. Porter has
found it easy to maintain the splendor of the family

name. Born in Niagara Falls shortly after the mid-
dle of the century, he attended St. Paul's School,
Concord, N. H., one of the best preparatory schools
in the country. The course of study there was
appropriately followed by higher educational train-
ing at Yale College, and by extended foreign travel


thereafter. Since then he has made his residence
continuously in Niagara Falls, and has had much to
do with almost everything of importance that has
gone on there in the last twenty years. A good
deal of his time has necessarily been given to the
care and development of the family estate, which
originally included much of the land now contained
in the beautiful state reservation at Niagara.

Mr. Porter has been a prime mover in many
projects designed to promote the welfare of Niagara
Falls, and his fellow-citizens have frequently sought
his counsel and leadership in municipal matters.
In 1885 he was elected a member of the state legis-
lature, and was re-elected the next year. While in
the assembly he introduced and effected the passage


or .\7-:ir YORK WESTERN sECTfo.\

of the "Niagara Tunnel" bill providing for the
cyclopean undertakings of the Cataract Construction
Co., and making possible the development of elec-
triial energy in enormous volume from the Falls.
Mr. 1'orter was deeply interested in this wonderful
conquest of nature. He wrote the historical chapter

October 10, 1853 ; graduated from Yale College in
1874 ' married Alice Adele Taylor in 1877 ; was
member of the New York state assembly, 1SS6-87.


in the special number of Cassier's magazine describ-
ing the tunnel scheme in all its aspects.

As might be inferred from the last statement, Mr.
Porter is a brilliant scholar, and is particularly well
versed in local history. He has made minute and
painstaking researches among original documents
relating to the past of the Niagara region, and is
regarded as a high authority on questions relating
thereto, his special library on this subject being the
most extensive in the country. His interest in such
matters has doubtless been stimulated by the fact
that his forefathers had so large a part in the making
of history along the Niagara frontier.

gustus Porter was born at Niagara Falls, N. Y.,

Httbur SCbOCllfeCpf, mayor of the city of
Niagara Falls in 181)6, belongs to a family that has
been prominent in business circles in
western New York for many years. His
father, Jacob F. Schoellkopf, came to
America more than half a century ago
and settled in Buffalo, where Arthur was
born in 1856. After some elementary
education in private schools at home,
the boy was sent to Germany at the age
of nine, and for four years attended the
academy at Kirchheim, his father's na-
tive place, in the province of Wiirttem-
berg. Returning to Buffalo in 1869, he
received further educational St. Joseph's
College, and then took a course at Bry-
ant & Stratton's Business College as a
final preparation for active business life.
In 1873 Mr. Schoellkopf left school,
and devoted the next four years to ac-
quiring a thorough practical knowledge
of the milling trade in the North Buffalo
and Frontier mills, operated at first by
Thornton & Chester and later by Schoell-
kopf & Mathews. In 1877 his father,
with A. M. Chesbrough, bought the
property of the Hydraulic canal at Niag-
ara Falls, and Mr. Schoellkopf was sent
thither to take charge of it, and to assist
in the erection thereon of the Niagara
Flouring Mills, of which he became local
manager. These mills are among the
largest in western New York, having a
capacity of 2000 barrels daily. In 1878
the Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power &
Mfg. Co. was organized to develop the Hydraulic
canal, and to furnish water power for other mills in
the vicinity. Jacob F. Schoellkopf was president of
the company, and Arthur Schoellkopf became its
secretary and treasurer and general manager, and has
held these positions ever since.

In addition to the business interests outlined
above, Mr. Schoellkopf is actively connected with
other enterprises so many and varied that it is
possible in a brief sketch merely to give a list of
them. He is president of the Park Theater Co.;
vice president of the Cliff Paper Co. ; secretary and
treasurer of the International Hotel Co. and of the
Niagara Falls Brewing Co.; a director of the New
York Mutual Savings and Loan Association, and



president of the local branch ; president of the
Power City Bank ; a director of the Bank of
Niagara ; and a trustee of the Niagara County Sav-
ings Bank. He built the first street railway in
Niagara Falls, managed it for seven years, and
established it on a paying basis. The man who has
made such a record at forty years of age must possess
unusual ability and a character that inspires the con-
fidence of others. Mr. Schoellkopf's success may
be ascribed to a happy combination of the pro-
gressive spirit of the native American with the
habits of industry and application inherited from his
German ancestors.

In political belief Mr. Schoellkopf is a Repub-
lican ; but the positions of responsibility to which
he has been called have come to him, not as a poli-
tician, but as a public-spirited citizen in whose
sound judgment and unquestioned integ-
rity his fellow-citizens could rely. He
was one of the first sewer commissioners
of the village of Niagara Falls, and has
been a commissioner of public works

Online LibraryMoses KingThe men of New York: a collection of biographies and portraits of citizens of the Empire State prominent in business, professional, social, and political life during the last decade of the nineteenth century (Volume 1) → online text (page 54 of 69)