Mountstuart Elphinstone.

Selections from the minutes and other official writings of the Honourable Mountstuart Elphinstone, governor of Bombay. With an introductory memoir online

. (page 15 of 41)
Online LibraryMountstuart ElphinstoneSelections from the minutes and other official writings of the Honourable Mountstuart Elphinstone, governor of Bombay. With an introductory memoir → online text (page 15 of 41)
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DESPATCHES OE HON. M. EL PH IN STONE. 201

bakji, the Vinclinrkar, and several of the Patwar-
(Ihaiis. After leaving General Pritzler they had
heard that the Pesliwa with his lieavj^ division was
pressed by General Smith, and had come Ijy forced
marches to his assistance. This ap2:)earance was so
sudden that they were enabled to cut off a few Sepoys
and upwards of 200 men of General Smith's
Bazar, in a village where they had gone to procure
grain. These men were afterwards released by orders
from the Pesliwa, and given half a rupee each to pay
their expenses to camp. The horse pressed on the rear
all the march, rocketing and sniping, and wounded an
officer, two Europeans, and seven Sepoys. The}' con-
tinued this sort of attack, but with less boldness, until
the 29th, when we approached the Salpe Ghat. On
that day the Pesliwa, finding General Smith near him
on the east with his light division, and his reserve under
Colonel Boles approaching from the northward, began
to fear being enclosed among the branches of the
western Ghats ; he therefore left Satara, and by a forced
march crossed in front of General Smith, descended the
Salpe Ghat, and moved off to the eastward. His light
division, after an unsuccessful attempt to pass General
Smith and join the Pesliwa, made another push at a
place where the valley leading to the Ghat is about six
miles wide. General Smith moved out with the cavaliy
and horse artillery, supported by infantry to intercept
them, and forced them to separate and fly in great con-
fusion along the face of the hills. Some of their
Bazar fell into our hands, but the greater part of the
horse got through, and the rest returned towards Satara.
All have now joined the Pesliwa, who was last
heard of at Natepota. On the 30tli General Smith
descended the Ghat and joined his reserve, having
marched for forty days with only three halts, in which



202 DESPATCHES OF HON. M. ELPHINSTONE.

time he has gone through 570 miles. The whole
pursuit of the Peshwa amounts already to 850 miles.
We are now waiting for General Pritzler, who followed
the Peshwa to Galgalla, and is now on his return
by the route pursued by this division. His cattle
are much exhausted during his pursuit of the Peshwa :
he moved twenty-three days without a halt, and
marched a distance of 300 miles in eighteen days, not-
withstanding his heavy convoy and his numerous
sick.

' I shall do myself the honour to submit to your
Excellency my correspondence with General Pritzler
up to this time. General Smith's report of his opera-
tions shall be forwarded to your Excellency as soon as
it is received. The interruptions of our communica-
tions prevent my hearing often from General Munro ;
my last letter is dated the 21st. General Munro had
taken the field (though I am not informed with what
force), had reached and taken Dumwal and Gadag,
and had reduced all the Peshwa's and Gokhle's country
south of the Ghatprabha. The people of the country
had cordially assisted him in expelling the Mahrattas.
General Munro had also, in a great measure, succeeded
in drawing off the Desai of Kittur, and some other
local chiefs, from the Peshwa's cause. He had dis-
persed a body of Pindarics returning from Chittledurg,
probably part of the body that passed Malkapur on the
8th of December, and the report of the country states
that he liad likewise cut up a part of Gokhle's troops
under Ivaslii Piav Ivokrah, I shall transmit copies of
my correspondence with General Munro to Mr. Adam,
from which your* Excellency will be informed of my
proceedings regarding the southern Jahagirdars.

' Your Excellency will liave heard from Bombay that
the troops belonging to the northern Konkan, under



DESPATCHES OF HON. M. ELPHINSTONE. 203

Lienteuant-Colonel Prothcr, have taken the strong fort
of Karnalla, and that the fort of Maclclan



Online LibraryMountstuart ElphinstoneSelections from the minutes and other official writings of the Honourable Mountstuart Elphinstone, governor of Bombay. With an introductory memoir → online text (page 15 of 41)