Mrs. (Mary) Delany.

The autobiography and correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany; with interesting reminiscences of King George the Third and Queen Charlotte online

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Online LibraryMrs. (Mary) DelanyThe autobiography and correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany; with interesting reminiscences of King George the Third and Queen Charlotte → online text (page 21 of 45)
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not be : tis now strengthened by experience, for I never
loved my dearest sister with more (if with so much)
warmth and tenderness as at this moment. Pray give
my most affectionate duty to my mother, and a thousand
thanks for her charming letter. I hope she will be so
good as to forgive my not answering it this post.

There is yet no account of the Duke of Devonshire
coming, which will occasion D.D.'s taking out a licence
for another quarter of a year ; you may imagine, a longer
stay amongst my friends than I expected will not be
unwelcome, but I am afraid it wiQ be attended by some
inconveniences in his affairs^ and be a detriment to his
parishioners, but we are not to blame, and we must en-
deavour to make them amends when we get among them,
and in the mean time we will be as happy as we can.

The moment I can guess about what time we shall be
at liberty I will let you know ; but I think it will not
be possible to move till the latter end of next month. I
wish you had the reforming of the present family^ you are
in, but tis ordy a wife can do those things ; there is no
sister in the world can act as freely for a brother as
for herself / wivsh Mrs. Dean was translated — can't you
persuade her to give my brother warning ? He never
names domestic affairs to me; if I heard of a clever
woman that I thought would manage well for him, I
would recommend her, for he cannot have a worse than
his pres^it manager. Now I am talking of these af^rs,
I must let you into a secret which I suppose cannot long
remain so. Father Fo/* is going to be married to Mrs.

' Mr. Granville's household.

* The death of the fourth Mrs. Foley (Elizabeth Unett) the friend of Ann
Granville, not having been previously mentioned, it must have occurred when
the sisters were together.

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Gwyn, a maiden gentlewoman of thirty-six, plain enough
and two thousand pound fortune ; her brother is a great
friend of the Fo's, perhaps you may have seen him ; don't
mention this even to Mr. Dewes, for my coz Fo. told it
me in great confidence. The family are not at aU pleased
with his marrying, ea^cept the daughter, and she thinks it
will be easier to her than the management of the family.
I thought he would marry again the first woman that
would have him. The Bishop of Gloucester was with me
three days ago, but with no good news, he has twice men-
tioned what was desired, but nothing was said that could
be interpreted to her advantage ; the Bishop wishes
there may be interviews this summer, which perhaps (as
he is unengaged), may bring him to some resolution.

It has been confidently reported for some days that
Lord Carteret was to be married to Lady Sophia Fermor,
Lord Pomfret's daughter.' Nay they went so far as to
say they were certainly married on Tuesday night, but I
believe there is no ground for the report ; she is a hand-
some woman, but I know no more of her. Last night,
alas ! was the last night of the oratorio : it concluded with
Saul : I was in hopes* of the Messiah. I have been at ten
ten oratorios, and wished you at every one most he-artily.

I have not seen Lady Sunderland this age : she is but
indifferent, but the oratorios took up two days in the
week, and I seldom go out on a Sunday. Last Monday
we dined at Mr. Percival's ; B. was invited, but would
not come, which gave great offence, and vexed me. Mr.
Dewes was there ; to-day we dine at Mr. Brinsdens ^ in

1 Lord Carteret married, secondly, in March, 1744, the Lady Sophia, eldest
daughter of Thomas Fermor, Earl of Pomfret.

« This was probably the husband of " Mrs. Bet CastlemaivP whose marriage
was before alluded to.

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Bathbone-Place ; did I tell you she came to ask me
wliere my silversmith lived, for she wanted some plate ?
I recommended Mr. Crapin, who had made all the plate
I ever purchased^ viz., a silver ladle! Mr. Dewes is
invited to meet us, and my brother, but the latter I
believe will slip his neck out of the collar. I made a
short visit to our dear Duchess yesterday morning after
prayers ; she is in pretty good spirits, and desired her
kind love to you. She expects Lady Andover in town
every day ; she comes to lye-in, and I fear they will come
at the same time : I hope not the same day, as they both
employ Sandys. Let me know, my dearest sister, parti-
cularly how you do.

Did I tell you how I was pleased with Mr. Bevem the
Quaker, who dined with us about a fortnig||t ago ? He is
a most extraordinary man, very sensible, smart and polite
in his manner : he has taken to carving in ivory for his
amusement, and cuts likenesses of people that he has not
seen for many years. I have packed up a box of work for
you ; the great chair that was begun so long ago, with aU
the worsteds and silks that belong to it, which at your
leisure I hope you will finish, and that I shall have the
pleasure of sitting in it by your fire-side at Welsbome.
I shall not send it you without your orders, but leave it
to be packed with the rest of your trumpery affairs.

D.D. is at St. James's Chapel, and I can't leave my
letter open till he comes home, because I must go and
dress — but I know he is faithfully yours, and I am just
what I wish you to be ever to me. Lady Dysart has
got another son, and is very well.

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Mrs, Ddany to Mrs. Dewes,

Clarges Street, 30 March, 1744.

Though to-morrow is the post day I must begin to-day,
for fear of not being able to say all I would say to my
most dear sister D.D. wishes you would set about the
ballad on leaving the old oak of Bradley ; he is sure you
will succeed incomparably well. I hope we shall make
a party together for visiting the sacred Druid's habita-
tion, though not this year ; in the meantime we will recal
every pleasant moment we have past together, and lay
schemes for their renewal. I thank God we have hap-
pily executed many a delightful scheme, and if we
keep them within the limits of reason and discretion we
may always i^^ulge ourselves with the hope (at least) of
success. I am glad the weather favours all your works.
I have sent you by Mr. Dewes some garden seeds from
the Oxford physic garden ; you are to divide with my
brother those that are for the natural ground^ and those
for hot-beds are all your own, and some of the produce I
' bespeak for Delville, and hope you wiU sow them there
with your own dear hands. My brother talks of staying
till the latter end of April; it is not unlikely but we
may travel together. I don't think there ever was a
happier creature than Mrs. Brinsden ; I wished you with
me {and was not that strange ?) the day I dined there, to see
with what joy she puUed out of her Indian chest frag-
ments of good things, and some whole pieces of velvet
and silks. She has an honest good heart, and I am
pleased to see how she enjoys the blessings that she has.
Nothing hurts me more than the repinings of some of
my acquaintance (at least their insipid possession of good

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things), when, if they had the gratitude to Providence
they ought to have, their whole lives should be spent
in thanksgiving instead of murmuring ; this makes me
often check a rising sigh, and sets me recollecting the
many blessings that I possess; and / Jiope I shall
maintain this temper of mind, for the sake of my friends
as well as my own advantage. I have been in a little
bustle with my servants. Thomas Eogers, that Mrs.
Chapon recommended to us, and promised to be an ex-
cellent servant, says he will not go to Ireland, and we
have discharged him, Barrow has mishaved himself so
much that he must go; Margaret and I had almost
parted, but at last I have agreed, and she goes to Ireland
as housemaid.

The Duke of Devonshire is now expected soon, some
say he will be at Chester next Sunday. Lord Carteret has
hurried Lady Sophia Termor's spirits into a scarlet fever,
and she was in great danger for twenty-four hours, and
she has thrown him into the gout, with which he has been
confined this week ; I believe I writ my mama word aU
the particulars of the settlements and so forth. D.D,
preaches on Sunday next before his Majesty ; it is
unlucky for him that my Lord Carteret wUl not be able
to attend in the closet, for he had determined to have
said something in his favour. This was written in the
morning. At eleven we went to Northend ; at my return
I made a visit to the Percivals, dressed and dined at
Whitehall, made visits in the afternoon, drank tea with
Lady Andover, who is come to town to lye in, and,
poor thing ! has had a fever. Cousin Fo. came to town
to-day, I sat an hour with her in my way home, and
am now by my fireside with my own D.D., who bears

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all my flirtations and rambles with unchangeable good
humour^ and only makes me regret every hour I spend
from him. To-morrow Sir Anthony Wescomb calls for us
in his coach (my brother is to be of the party) to carry xxa
to his villa ^ that he purchased last year on Chelsea Com-
mon ; he is to come back with us and dine here, so we
shall pay our court to the Black Knight, who ought
not to be neglected, but I suppose he mil take another I

Mrs. Delany to Mrs, Dewes.

Clarges Street, April 3, 1744.

Though I cannot hear of my dearest mama's suffering
pain without feeling it myself, I hope and believe this fit
of the gout will be a blessmg to us all, by prolonging her
life ; for where there is a disposition towards it, it is
safest when it gives pain in the limbs : pray Grod keep it
from her stomach! If she could take the Rawleigh
Cordial, it is the best thing to prevent its coming into
her stomach, and to give her rest.

Our next care at present, the dear Duchess, is as well
as can be, and the child also though a little tiny boy ;

' Blacklanda is in the Marlborough Road, Chelsea, formerly called Black-
lands Lane. Bowack in his Antiquities of Middlesex^ (1706), says: —
" William, Lord Cheyne, Viscount Newhaven in Scotland, has two good seats in
Chelsea. The first is the mansion house, where Queen Elizabeth was nursed,
east end of the town near the Thames. The other some distance north of the
town, called Blacklands Hoilse, both (1705) let to French boarding schools." It
is now (1860) a lunatic asylum, and adjoins the old ManOr House at Chelsea,
which forms part of the premises of Messrs. Scott and Cuthbertson (paper
manufacturers), called " Whitelands." Blacklands has still a good garden,
old iron gates, and the centre of the house is evidently part of the original

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but Elias the porter says " 'tis b. parjict Dimor^y I have
not yet seen her, nor will these two days, for you know
my caution about lying-in ladies.

Well, the affair of preaching before his Majesty is
over,* to the great ease of mine and D.D.'s mind. He was
as anxious about it as if he had never spoken in public, but
he came off with applause. The King attended and com-
mended his sermon ; the generality of the congregation
were gaping for a flattering discourse, and thought that
he would preach for a bishopric, but found he thought
more of acquitting himself like a good Xtian orator, than
of gaining promotion by a fawning, fdlsome discourse ;
which in truth would not only have been below his own
dignity to have uttered, but an a&ont to his royal
audience. His text was the 4 Chap, of St. Paul to the
Gralatians, part of, the 8th verse : — " But it is good to be
zedUmdy affected always in a good thing'' Lord Carteret
is still confined with the gout, and could not be there ;
but I mistook in saying he would tell the King that he
"might be amused \^ his joke was, that "perhaps he
might be abused !"

I have just had Hele with me, and shall pack up your
afl^s and send them to Welsbom. I don't know where
we can meet if we do not at Calwich ; it is there I propose
our meeting shall be ; and as my stay cannot be very-
long, I hope the neighbours will be so indulgent as not to
expect' any visits from me. I design to ask my brother to-
day when it will be most convenient to him for us to go ;
but my Lord Lieutenant is not yet arrived, and our mo-
tions must be regulated by him. My heart and thoughts

' Dr. Dclany'g preariiing.

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have long been with yon, and I shall have no joy till my
body follows. D.D. is as impatient to be with you as I am,
and treats me with such tenderness on the subject, that
it lies most on my mind that you will love him better than
ever ; and I assure you he loves and admires you extremely.
We have this day dispatched Barrow to Dublin to take out
a new license ; the old one will be out on the 14th, and we
must not run the hazard of the post, for fear of accidents.

To-day I shall have a treat that I shall most ardently
wish you and my mother your share of. Handel, my
brother, and Donnellan dine here, and we are to be enter-
tained with HandeVs playing over Joseph to us. How
ofben and how tenderly shall I think of my Benjamin I
I shall be impatient for to-morrow's post, to know
how my mother does : the very sharp moist weather we
have, I fear may increase her pain. I love my dear little
godson for calling for me, and desire you will teU him " I
am coming as fast as I can." When the great wedding
wiU be, I don't know ; I have given myself very little
trouble about them ; the courting, I assure you, is much
more on their side than ours. We dine there once a- week,
or once in ten days, and I come away, and so does D.D. as
soon as dinner is over.

Wish me joy and wishDonnellan joy ; for Captain Bury,^

1 ^ About the end of last month we had an aooonnt, that on Feb, 26, was
brought into Qihraltar^ by his Majesty's ship the Sdehay^ commanded by
Capt, Bury, the Concordia, a Sparhuih register ship of 22 guns and 142 meu,
including passengers, taken the day before off Cadiz, after five hours' engage-
ment. She is the richest prize that has been made in the present war with
Bpain, having on board 180,000 dollars, 12,000 serous of cochineal, 500 of
indigo^ and several other rich goods ; the whole computed at a million and a
half of dollars. A little before, Ca^ptain Bury took a Spanish privateer of four
carriage guns, ten swivels, and seventy-five men." — London Magazine Chro-
ndoger, for April, 1744.

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for whom we applied last year to the Admiralty, and made
him captain by our interest, has got a vast rich prize ; his
own share, they say, will come to fourscore thousand
pounds ; and he is an honest, valiant young man, and
deserves his good fortune ; you may imagine how pleased
and proud his patronesses are on this occasion. You ask me
how many.poimds of thread I have got for you ; do you
mean knotted or unknotted ? I hope I shall not forget
the cornice of your bed, but please God I shall make
you a visit at Welsbome long before you will be ready
for the cornice. I wish I may be able to get a recom-
mendation for poor Mrs. Lander : I have not yet been
able to meet with a subscriber.

T believe I have burnt this week an hundred of your
letters : how WfmnUingly did I commit to the flames those
testimonies of your tender friendship ! but I have preserved
more than double their number, which I shall take with
me as so many charms. I thought it prudent to destroy
letters that mentioned particular affairs of particular
people, or family business. Don't expect to hear from
me next post, for the Duchess is, I thank Crod, so weU
you may be easy on her account, and I am to go
out early on Thursday upon business, and shall hardly
find time till Saturday to write ; but if I can I will.
My most humble and affectionate duty to dear mama,
and D.D/s love to "sister Ann." The Sixth Night
has been in my house three days, and I have not had
time to read it I

Upon second thoughts, I believe the clock can't go to
Welsboume till I go away, for we shall want it ; but I
wiU see it packed up safely the day before I go.


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Mrs. Ddany to Mrs. Dewes^ at Calvnch.

Clarges Street, 17 April, 1744.

It is not only preaching that keeps D.D. in town, but
the Duke of Devonshire's staying so long in Ireland ;
for it would have been very inconvenient for him to
be obliged to come to town again from Calwich : and
when we determined to set out the 25th of this month
we thought the Duke of Devonshire would have been
here by the 2nd or 3rd of April ; and upon his not
coming and great solicitations from the Foleys (who
interest themselves very much in the Westminster
Infirmary), D.D. was prevailed on to promise them a
sermon on the first of May; but, please Gbd, if
nothing unforeseen prevents us, we will set forward the
3d or 4th of May. My heart beats with impatience
for the happy moment of seeing my dearest sister ; and
at this time of our good dear mama's pain and confine-
ment I would fly instantly to you, had I not affairs to
settle here which you know can only be done by my
self, and I must settle all accounts with Mr. Stanley,
which I hope next week will accomplish.

When Mr. Foley goes away (s?ie is gone this moriing,
and he follows in a few days) we take possession of their
house, which they have been so kind as to offer us, and
I shall then clear my own, which cannot be conveniently
done whilst we are in it. I have not yet packed up one
individual thing, but have cleared away a good many
papers, and burnt some precious manuscripts that nothing
can make me amends for but the same dear hand and
heart from whence they came ; well ! I will despatch all

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with good courage, and when we meet I shall be recom-
pensed the anxieties I have had ; and the word going, let
it not be named, that is, not the time hinted at, be sure
we will stay as long as in prudence we may — indeed, I
fear we have a little trespassed on that boundary abeady.
My dear mama's pain I feel at this distance ; the sick-
ness I believe proceeds from the pain : cannot you pre-
vail with her to take palsy drops ? she used to do that,
and they are very proper. It is vastly good in you to
write constantly; it is impossible to be easy without
knowing punctually. Pray God give her ease, all her
children pray most heartily for her relief. I fear I have
communicated too much of my pain to you, by telling
you how uneasy I was on B — 's account, but I think of
late his humour is mended : he has dined once or twice
here lately, and been very cheerfiil.

We all dined yesterday at the Duke of Portland's, and
went together to Sullivan's benefit ; a most stupid enter-
tainment on the whole, but there was one scene of toler-
able humour, which made us laugh, of the King and
Queen of Spain and Farinelli.' B. came home and
supped with us : he is much concerned about my mother's
being ill, but I hope this severe fit of the gout will be a
means of her having better health hereafter. I cannot
express to you jbbe satisfaction your last letter gave me ;
it has given a new turn to my thoughts, and I believe
I shall now go through all I have to do with great
fortitude. I hope my dear mama will take Mr. Eogers'
draught, if there is occasion.

1 The Qaeen of Spain ; or, Farinelli at Madrid. Mus. Ent. by James
Worsdale. Acted at the Haymarket, 1744. Not printed. — Baker's Biographia

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Well, now for business. Your nightgown I bought
yesterday — blue and white ; more a winter suit in sub-
stance than a summer one, but so great a penny-worth I
could not forbear, though it cost eight shillings a yard. I
shall take your advice and bring nothing with me but
nightgowns, and Margaret shall have the great honour
of being your slave and servant. The Duke of Devon-
shire came to town last Tuesday, and in a few days our
fate must be determined. I have wrot-e a letter to Sir
Clement Cottrel to shew Lord Carteret, wherein I name the
Bishopric of Meath, and I have laid it to his conscience
whether D.D. and myself have not merited that favour
at his hands. But now the happiness of a bridegroom * I
suppose will so engross his attention, that it will not be
easy to fix him on any other subject, and I have more de-
pendance on the Duke of Devonshire than the other. The
wedding was last Saturday evening ; they were married at
Lord Pomfret's: Lady Granville was invited, but did
not go ; the daughters my Lord would not invite, for
fear it should affect them too much, and he has Wr
deed acted with a tenderness towards them that I did
not imagine had been in his nature. At 12, bride
and bridegroom came home, attended by Lady Pomfiret
and Lady Charlotte Fermor the sister ; Lady G. and
Miss Carteret were gone to bed, but Mrs. Paver was
there to do honours and help to undress the bride.
Have you a notion of that ? I really thought Paver
had loved poor Lady Carteret ; but if she had, was it pos-
sible fOT her to go through such a scene ? but she was

Ou April 14, 1744, Lord Carteret married his second wife, Lady Sophia
Fermor. She was the eldest daughter of Thomas, 1st Earl Fomfret.

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trained up in the schoxd of indifference for others and
love of self. The next day all the Pomfrets dined there,
and nobody was admitted. I left my name at the door
with the crowdy and shall wait till I am sent to. They
have famished the town with conversation in abundance,
all which tittle-tattle I reserve for talk at Calwich.

I go to-day at 1 2 to Whitehall to our Duchess. When
you write to her say nothing of the day I have fixed for
my journey : she is very weU and all the little ones.
Mr. Percival has had the gout, and has it very bad ;- the
rest are weU. Have you the Minute Philosopher ^ and
Derham's Physico-Theology ? ^ I hope I shall be able to
get the fringe, but Mrs. Littleton (who was to get it for
me) and I have not met ; I will send her a message by
Lady Westmorland. I have not seen Lady Sarah Cowper
a great while, but she has been much out of order aU this

Next Thursday we go to Paul's to hear the music for
the Sons of the Clergy — Donn. Mr. Brinsden, D.D.,
my brother, and I. Dr. Young dined yesterday at
Whitehall ; he is vastly broke, but he and D.D. took very
kindly to one another. Princess is very well and in high
favour in Arlington Street, but I am sure they will do
her no substantial favour ; however, as it keeps up her
spirits to be well received there, I am glad she is. Mr.

* " The Minute PhiloBopher,*' a aeries of dialogues, written in 1732, by
Dr. George Berkeley, witli which Queen Caroline was so pleased that she
had him promoted to the Bishopric of Cloyne.

* William Derham, D.D., Chaplain to George I., and Canon of Windsor,
bom 1657, died 1735. He devoted himself to philosophical pursuits. In
1713 he published his " Physico-Theology," being the substance of his Boyle's
Lectures, with curious and instructive notes. He also wrote " Astro-Theology,**
" Christo-Theology," &c.

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Foley ^ will soon be married ; he is all flame and impa-
tience — I wish she may prove a discreet woman, for
Miss Foley's sake ; Matrimony is much in fashion, but
I have neither time nor memory at present to recollect
them, so they must go into the bag of chatter that is to
be opened at Calwich ; I shall think the time long till
the post comes in to-morrow ; enclose no more to Mr.


I hope you received the paper about Mrs. Huddleston.
I have at last recollected her direction, and shall by this
post send one, for fear of losing time, for next Tuesday
is the day the paper must be returned.

Mrs. Delany to Mrs, Dtwes^ at Calwich*

Clarges Street, 21 April, 1744.

I shall have no real comfort in writing to my dearest
sister tiU I can positively say our day of leaving this
place is settled, but xmcertainty is the lot of mortal man,
and I can only say I hope we shall be able to keep to the
time I named. But my Lord Carteret's marriage and the
Duke of Devonshire's hurry upon first coming over, have
I suppose not given them leave to settle about Irish
aSairs. D.D. was at the Diike of Devonshire's levee ;
his favorite chaplain the Dean of Down they say stands
fair for a bishopric ; if so his betters must wait till another
vacancy. This week must determine it, and I am sure it

Online LibraryMrs. (Mary) DelanyThe autobiography and correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany; with interesting reminiscences of King George the Third and Queen Charlotte → online text (page 21 of 45)