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Journal of early southern decorative arts [serial] (Volume 16, 1 (1990)) online

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60 MESDA



20. Poyas Day Book (rough copy), 1 Mar. 1764-June 1765, 194; There are other
instances of funeral equipage, similar to the Snipes account, being sold
through the Poyas store which should be read for fabric, adornment, and
entertainment comparison. These can be found in both copies of the day
books in the Charleston Museum and South Carolina Historical Society.

21. Robert M. Weir, ed., The Letters of Freeman, Etc. (Columbia, S.C., 1977);
Robert M. Weir, Colonial South Cjro//«^ (Millwood, N.Y.: 1983), 301-5;
S.C. Gazette, 29 June and 3 Aug. 1769.

22. S.C. Gazette, 21 Nov. 1774.

23. Charleston City Gazette and Daily Advertiser, 28 Oct. 1806; Conner, 11
Dec. 1806.

24. Mrs. Miles's obituary mentioned four surviving children; City Gazette, 17
July 1804. Thompson travelled in and out of Charleston and other cities
along the eastern seaboard. On 12 December 1804 he advertised in the
Times of Charleston that he had "commenced PORTRAIT PAINTING,
at Mrs. Cochran's long room King-street, No. 243."

25. "Four Letters of the Early Nineteenth Century," SCHGM 43: 54.

26. Inventories, D, 1800-10, 479-480.

27. S.C. Gazette, 30 Dec. 1760.

28 . The Cahinet-makers Philadelphia and London Book of Prices (Philadelphia,
1796), 131. Collections of The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum
Libraries, Winterthur, Delaware.

29. David Ramsay, The History of South Carolina 1 (Charleston, 1809), 337.

30. Clare Jervey, Inscriptions on the Tablets and Gravestones in St. Michael's
Church and Churchyard, Charleston, S.C. (Columbia, S.C, 1906), preface.

31. Wills, No. 5, 1740-47 [transcript], 79; No. 8, 1757-63 [transcript], 486;
No. 9, 1760-64 [transcript], 278.

32. Court of Common Pleas Judgment Book DD, Feb. 1767-Aug. 1768, 16.

33. Fife Account Book, accounts 112, 169.

34. Inventories, D, 1800-10, 97, 476-7; H, 1834-44, 153.

35. Judgment Rolls, 1799, *'1075A.

36. Mabel L. Webber, comp. "Dr. John Rutledge and His Descendants,"
SCHGM i\: 18; Bacot-Huger Collection, 11/49/15, 14 May 1821, South
Carolina Historical Society; Inventories, H, 1834-44, 153.

37. Elfe Account Book, accounts 78, 126, 202.

38. R. Nicholas Olsberg, t^-., Journal of the Commons House of Assembly.
25 April 1730-31 August 1731 (Columbia, S.C, 1974), 39, 51, 80.

39. Judgment Rolls, 1796, #4A; Inventories, H, 1834-44, 153.

40. S.C. Gazette, 9 Nov. 1734.

41. Ibid., 22 Mar. 1739/40.

42. Donald Fennimore, Curator, Henry Francis duPont Winterthur Museum,
letter to author, 17 May 1990.

43. Wills, etc., 73, 1741-43, 316; Inventories, 82A-B, 1753-56, 441-9; 87A-B,
1761-1763, 482-520.

44. Inventories, Y, 1769-71, 10; 94A-B, 1771-74, 1-18.



May, 1990 61



45. Charles Watts Account Books, 1802-1815, Book 4, 266, MESDA.

46. Inventories, D, 1800-10, 476-7.

47. Receipt Book of Isaac Motte & Company, 1768-1773, South Carolina
Historical Society; Wills, etc., 71, 1739-43 [transcript], 173; Bacot-Huger
Collection, 14 May 1821.

48. Court of Common Pleas Records, Feb. 1767-Aug. 1767, 228; Elfe Account
Book, accounts 64, 76.

49. Inventories, D, 1800-10, 476-7; Wills, etc., 82A-B, 1753-56, 669, 689.

50. Wills, etc., 84, 1756-58, 320-4.

51. Inventories, 87A-B, 1761-1763, 482-520.

52. Elfe Account Book, account 93.

53. Wills, etc., 85B, 1758-61 [transcript], 524; 98, 99A-B, 1771-78, 243-51;
Inventories, A, 1783-87, 288-9.

54. Elfe Account Book, account 184.

55. Courier, 19 Oct. and 5 Nov. 1818; Inventories, H, 1834-44, 153.

56. Inventories, D, 1800-10, 476-7.

57. Alexander Crawford Day Book, 4, 22, 28, 45, 50, 104.

58. Charleston City Gazette or the Daily Advertiser, 5 Oct. 1789.

59. Collection of the University Archives, Swem Library, College of William
and Mary, Williamsburg, Va.

60. For more information on Botetourt's funeral, his burial, and the history
of his coffin plate see the Williamsburg Virginia Gazette, 18 October 1770,
supplement; Catalogue of the College of William and Mary . . . Sessions
1860-61 and 1865-66 (Richmond, 1866), 18-19; Charles Washington
Coleman, "Norborne, Baron de Botetourt, Governor-General of Virginia,
1768-1770, William and Mary Quarterly, 1st ser., 5, no. 3 Qan. 1897),
165-71.

61. Couner, 28 Apr. 1807.

62 . Diana Williams Combs, Early Gravestone Art in Georgia and South Carolina
(Athens, Ga., 1986); Norman Vardney Mackie III "Gravestone Procure-
ment in St. Mary's County (Maryland), 1634-1820" Maryland Historical
Magazine, 83, no. 3 (Fall 1988): 229-40; Washington Irving, Rip Van
Winkle and the Legend of Sleepy Hollow, 1893 (reprint. New York, 1980),
82.

63. Benno M. Forman, "A New Light on Early Grave Markers," Essex Institute
Historical Collections, 104(1968): 127-9; Peter Benes, "Additional Light
on Wooden Grave Markers" Essex Institute Historical Collections, 111
(1975): 53-64; Frederick Burgess, English Churchyard Memorials, (London,
1963), 117.

64. Benes, "Additional Light," 55; Forman, "A New Light," 127.

65. Charleston South Carolina Gazette and Country Journal, 18 Sept. 1770;
Jervey, Inscriptions, 165.

66. Hill's sketchbook is in the collection of the Abdel Ross Wentz Library in
the Lutheran Theological Seminary, Gettysburg, Pa.

67. Inventories, C, 1793-1800, 230; Crawford Day Book, 50.



62 MESDA



68. St. Philip's Episcopal Church Vestry Minutes, 1761-95, 4 Mar. 1773, South
Carolina Historical Society; Mrs. C. G. Howe and Mrs. Charles F. Middleton,
eds.. Minutes of St. Michael's Church of Charleston. S.C. from 1758-1797
(Charleston, n.d.), 107-8.

69. Alexander Edwards, Ordinances of the City Council of Charleston
(Charleston, 1802), 242-3, 454-60.

70. "Diary of Edward Hooker, 1805-1808," in American Historical Associ-
ation, Annual Report (1896): 856.

71. Will Book K, 1816-18, 366, Shenandoah County, Va.

72. Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of the English language, 8th ed. (London:
1799); M. Halsey Thomas, The Diary of Samuel Sewall (H<:vi York, 1973),
387, 499, 509; Peter Summers, ed.. Hatchments m Britain 2 (London!
1976); Howard M. Chapin, "Colonial Hatchments" Antiques 14, no. 4
(Oct. 1929): 302 ; Jonathan L. Fairbanks, "Portrait Painting in Seventeenth-
Century Boston: Its History, Methods, and Materials," in New England
Begins: The Seventeenth Century, 3 (Boston, 1982), 477; Nora M. Davis,
"Colonial Hatchments in America" in Charleston Year Book. 1946
(Charleston, 1949), 184.

73. Supposedly, a Morris family hatchment had survived in the Low Country
as late as the 1940s, but it has not been recorded, and it is not known
if it is of southern origin. Anna Wells Rutledge, Artists in the Life of
Charleston (Philadelphia: 1949), 121.

74. S.C. Gazette, 17 May 1735, 6 Sept. 1740.

75. Wills, etc., 77A-B, 1748-51, 33.

76. Jane C. Nylandcr, "Textiles, Cloathing, and Needlework," in The Great
i?zt'<?r (Hartford, Conn., 1985), 401-7.

77. Peter ManigaultLetterbook, ms., 1763-73, 32-3, South Carolina Historical
Society. Thomas Bromley, a Chadeston attorney, died on 22 August 1765
at Manigault's Goose Creek country home of Manigault and was buried
there. "Thomas Bromley's Tombstone," SCHGM 35: 40-1.

78. Christopher Gilbert, "Chippendale as Undertaker," m Furniture History
9 (Leeds. 1973), 114-18; Christopher Gilbert, The Life and Work of Thomas
Chippendale (New York, 1978), 249-52; Ivor Noel Hume "Martin's
Hundred — The Search Continues," Colonial Williamsburg 7, no. 1 (Fall
1985), 5-14, 23. Hume's article describes coffins with lead linings; this type
of lining has not been found in Chadeston. The coffins discovered by
Christopher Gilbert at Normanton Church in 1972 were lead and wood
lined, and their outer cases were of elm and black velvet. English documents
indicate that this was a common practice. For example. Lady Rebecca Gooch
of Hampton, Middlesex, requested in her will of 12 August 1773 that:

' 'unless I die at so great a distance they are obliged to put me in lead [instead
of a wooden coffin]." "Will of Lady Rebecca Gooch, Widowof Sir William
Gooch," William and Mary Quarterly, 1st ser., 23 (1915): 173.

79. Stanley South, "The General, the Major, and the Angel," in Transactions
of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina, No. 82 (Columbia, S.C, 1977),
31-49; Michael Trinkley and Debi Hacker-Norton, Analysis of Coffin
Hardware From 38CH778, Charleston County, South Carolina (Columbia
S.C, 1984).

May, 1990 63



MESDA seeks manuscripts which treat virtually any facet of southern decorative
art for publication in the JOURNAL. The MESDA staff would also like to
examine any pnvately-held primary research material {documents and manu-
scripts) from the South, and southern newspapers published in 1820 and earlier.



Some back issues of the Journal
are available.



The preparation of \.he Journal wiS made possible (in part) by a grant from
the Research Tools and Reference Works Program of the National Endowment
for the Humanities, an independent Federal Agency.



Photographs in this issue by the staff of the Museum of Early Southern
Decorative Arts except where noted.



64 MESDA



MUSEUM OF EARLY SOUTHERN DECORATIVE ARTS

Forsyth Alexander, Editor/ Acting Director of Publications

Nancy Bean, Office Manager

Ruth Brooks, Associate in Education

Sally Gant, Director of Education and Special Events

Paula Hooper, Coordinator of Membership Services

Frank L. Horton, Director Emeritus

MADELYN MOELLER, Director

Bradford RauscheNBERG, Director of Research

Martha Rowe, Research Associate

WESLEY' Stewart, Photographer





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Online LibraryMuseum of Early Southern Decorative ArtsJournal of early southern decorative arts [serial] (Volume 16, 1 (1990)) → online text (page 5 of 5)