Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff.

Records of the governor and company of the Massachusetts bay in New England : Printed by order of the legislature online

. (page 22 of 77)
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are & will be enough endeavored in both places by y* insinuations & represen-
tations of those, whose businesse it is to foment jealousies & improoue misun-
derstandings, in order to widen those breaches w"*", by Gods blessing, are well
made vp, & to bring the nation againe into that combustion from which, by
his wonderfull prouidence, it is so newly recouered.

4. Y' y«y so That yow are confident, by the manifestation yow shall glue them, of our
ma-'^Ilre &^ tendemesse, care, & affection towards them, & by the faithful! representations
affection to his yow shall make vs of their temper, duty, & allegeance, yow shall disappoint

subjects, & , . n ^ • ^

faithfully rep'- all the designes of such wicked & seditious persons, & that such a foundation
their tern " °^ mutuall Confidence & satisfaction will thereby be layd, that wee shall looke
duty, &c, as to hereafter vpon our colony of the Massachusets as w^'in the same Ijmitts of

disapoint wick- jr. • -i d i_ t

ed designes. attection, duty, & obedience to our person & goGm' as Kent or Yorkeshire, &
Y' he may they againe w"' the same confidence of our care & protection as the other doe.

looke on y^m '

as nere to him SO that Wee doubt not they shall haue all great reason to acknowledge our sin-
Yorks. gular affection in our vissiting them by this our coinission, & by the good

&c, & contra, effects which, with Gods blessing, will arise from it.


Genttmea : — 16 65.

"Wee cannot deliuer this to yow in better chosen or better placed words "" "< "^
then these by -which his majestjes comand is exprest to us. "Wee therefore n — ■
entreate yow to weigh each word in it, & then to consider how much that man coment on &

^ 111 1 exhort, to a full

must be shrunck below the ordinaiy being of a man that shall not beleive belief of his
these pathetticall expressions of a most gracious princej so many times made "^■'" s^^"^"^^
knoune vnto you, first in his majestjes answer to yo' first addresse in the ^^^ 1st instruc-
yeare 1660, afterwards in his gracious letter to you in 1663, then in his
last letter to yow in 1664, & now by vs sent on purpose to remooue
jealousies & misvnderstandings, if you will credit his majestjes witnesse ;
and therefore wee, (as in duty bound,) in his majestjes name, doe assure
you that whateuer hath in your charter been granted by his royall pre-
decessors, or whateuer hath been, in his gracious letters, promised by his
royall self, shall, to the vtmost, be made good to yow. "Wee must, also, in our
oune names, but for yo"^ sakes, desire that wee may haue from you no just
cause to represent any thing to his majesty that may seeme to shew your duty
& allegiance short of that proportion which they ought to haue. This, the
manifestation of yo' affection, duty, & allegiance to his majesty, is that only
w'^'^ can & will giue you confidence in, & assurance of his majestjes grace &
favo' to yow.

"What some seditious spirits haue falsly reported, or some selfended Comissioners

, compl' ag* &

men haue vnjustly acted, wee shall be very farr from jmputmg to the colony, acousacon of
if those men in their false reports & vniust actions be not owned by the ^°™ or ^ s

^ >f J imsreports.

colony. "Wee being to informe the king of all things here, as himself is pleased
to expresse in such a manner, that he himselfe may be sajd to vejw these his
dominions & subjects, it must only be imputed to yo' faults, *if wee doe not [*488.]
informe his majesty, that his subjects heere are as loyall, as obedient, & as
zealous of his hono'^ as those in Kent or Yorkshire. The king hath taken y'
pajnes of writing seuerall times to you ; he hath been at the charge of sending
vs to yow all ; & more he cannot doe, to assure you of his grace & favo', & all
helps of advancement to yo"^ colony, if yow will be his good subjects.

It now rests only on yo' side, that by the reall demonstration of yo' duty
& allegeance to his royall maj% yow prooue yo'selues capable of receiving 6
worthy of enjoying whateuer his maj*y grace & favo' can contribute to yo"
advancement, w* wee earnestly desire may be donne.



166 5. Part of tlie kings instructions to vs.

"" '' " You shall in the first place of all businesses, & before you enter vpon any

May session. . ... „ ^ , ni

2 Instraction '^^^^^ particular discourse at large, & with confidence to them all, that wee
ourselfe haue discouraged w"^ you of reducing the Dutch in or neere Long
Island, or anywhere w'^'in the Ijmitts of our oune dominions, to an entire obe
dience to our gouerment. They will be easily informed of the consequence of
such neighbo'^hood, if they be longer suffered to rajse a gouernment of their
oune ; that besides their being a constant receptacle & sanctuary for all discon-
tented, mutenous, & sedicious persons, who fly from our justice as malefac-
tors, or who runne from their masters, or avoyd paying their debts, or who
haue any other wicked designe, as they shall grow to any strength or power,
their busines is to oppresse their neighbo''s, & to ingrosse the whole trade
to themselues, by how indirect, vnlawfull, or foule meanes soeuer ; witnes
their inhumane proceedings at Amboyna in a time of full peace, & all profes-
sions of particular loue & freindship ; & therefore it is high time to put them
out of a capacity of doing the same mischeife there, & to reduce them to the
same rules of obedienc with our oune subjects there, w"'' you are to let them
know is all wee ayme at, w'^out any purpose of vsing any other violence vpon
or towards them then are necessary to those ends, & that no man shall be dis-
turbed or remooued from what he possesseth, who will yeild obedience to vs,
& Hue in the same subjection, & vpon enjoying the same priuiledges w*** our
subjects ; & in order to this good end of so great & iinediate concernment to
them, yow shall desu-e their advice & concurrence, & that they will asist yow
w"' such a number of men, & all other things, as are necessary therevnto ; &
you shall therevpon proceede in such a manner as yow shall thinke fit, either
by building of forts above, or by vsing such force as cannot be avoyded for
their reduction, they hauing no kind of right to hold what they are in posses-
sion of in our vnquestionable territorjes then that they are possessed of it by
an invasion of vs. Upon this part of our instruction Colonell Niccolls &
Colonel Cai-twright exprest their desire to the Gouerno'^ & councill as fol-
loweth : —

In obedience to his majestjes coinand for the more effectuall meanes of
reducing the Dutch plantation, who haue, contrary to all right & justice,
vsurped, & are now possessed of his maj'^ dominions in or neere adjoyn-
ing to Hudsons Eiuer in America, wee doe in his majestjes name propose to
the Gouerno' & council of his majestjes colony of the Massachusetts Bay as
followeth : —

That they will make an act to furnish vs w*'' such a number of men
armed as they cann spare, & that they may beginne theire march the twentjeth


May session.

of August next : if in the meane time wee finde that wee cann prevajle by treaty 4 665.
or by other asistance of his majestjes subjects nearest the place, wee prom-
ise to give them account, & to stop the further charge & progresse of the men ;
& sooner wee aske them not, that the objection of harvest time may be taken
away, which act *wee conceive will be a signall testimony of their compliance [*491.J
w"* his majestjes affaires of great honor to this colony, & of good example
to all the rest.

July 27"", 1664. God so blest the kings vndertakiug, that there was no
need of the men desired. Capt Clarke "& Cap? Pinchon, of this colony ,w* others,
were coinissionated to make articles of surrenderof that place ; & wee gaue the
king an account of the readjnes of this colony in that service, by sending him
a copy of the act made by the councill at Boston, July 27% 1664, & by letting
him know of their sending messengers to vs to Long Island, as the just ground
of the great hopes wee had of their loyalty & affection to his majesty ; & wee
hope wee shall not be deceived in it.


3 part of the kings instructions to vs. His maju 3^


Yow shall desire them that they will as soone as, by theire custome & Enjoyning the
constitution, they cann doe it, & in the same forme they are accustomed, to hjs n^me to de-
caU. & sumon a generall councill or assembly to appeare & meet together, to dare y. like

" •!'■•■ professions &

the end that yow may to them, as yow haue to the Gouerno' & councill, declare desire to y«

- .1 •.! -17- Gen" Court as

our kindnes & affection, & the motives wee had to send yow thither. Yow joyeGou. &
shall deliuer to them the coppy of the addresses wee had formerly from them, <=°'^°«' ^^^
w* our answer therevnto, & the reply wee since received, & likewise copies
of whatsoeuer you haue deliuered since your arriuall to the Gouerno' & coun-
cil, & make the like professions & desires to them. Yow shall make any
addresses or proppositions to the Gouerno' & standing council, or to the
generall council, as in your judgment vpon the place you shall thinke most

The coffiis-
sion's further
Ijent : publication of

Hauinff troubled this colony last August to sumons a generall assembly, his maj'j aflFec-

° 1 o 1,1 J • tions & desire

& the desire wee haue to prevent all vnnecessary charge & trouble made vs in ^^ ^^^^^^ y,
the winter vissit the other colonys, & wajte this oppertunity to acciuaint this ^"^^""J^^^J"^.
assembly w'^" the extreame desire his majesty is possessed with to advance this ing.



1 6 65i colony. It was his majestjes comand in Ms last letter that it should forthwith
^ haue beene published, that his majestjes end & intention in sending us his

May session.

coinissioners might be made manifest to all his subjects : had it been so it

would haue preuented those slanderous reports, & the discontented murmurings

Their desire y' of many people, which wee hope will now all vanish. Wee earnestly desire

all y* papers be

made pubi., y« that all these papers maybe industriously made publicke, that all may know
thei^'io°ai^ those favo's w"*" his maj*y indends, & the termes (their loyalty) vpon which
may be they may be assured of them. Wee shall not trouble yow w''' those addresses


& answers aboue mentioned now ; wee shall haue occasion at another time to
vse them ; wee shall only deliuer yow the copie of a letter written to the late
GoQno'', & part of our instructions w*'' it, & leaue yow to the affaires of the
colony till Thursday morning, when wee desire to meete you againe, that wee
may impart the rest of our instructions to yow ; & now minding yow of one
part of his majestjes letter, wherein he obligeth & comandeth all persons con-
cerned, that in the election of of Goiierno'^ & Asistants there be only consider-
ation had of the wisdome, virtue, & integritje of the persons to be chosen, &
not of any faction in refferenc to their opinnions or outward professions, wee
desire that yow may be prosperous in the chojce of a Gouernor, & that he also
may be prosperous in the execution of his office.



4 instruction.
A draught or
map of y" Mas-
bounds or lim-
its desired.
Y« end better
to vnderstand
pretences of

Forbidden to
passe finall
judgment, vn-
Icsse, &c.

*His majestjes instruction sajes, —

Yow shall desire them that they deliuer to you a draught or map of their
bounds & limits which they lay clajme to, & that they informe yow what pre-
tences or titles any of their neighbours say therevnto, to the end you may the
better vnderstand all the pretences, & foresee what method to observe for the
hearing their seuerall clajmes & determination thereof, in w"*" yow shall vse all
persuasions to agree all partjes, & make no judgment of your oune as finall
vpon the bounds & Kmits of the seuerall colonjes, except by consent of par-
tjes, or that the right appeares by the bounds & limitts prescribed in the
charter, or some grant by vs vnder our great scale of England, w**out any
contradiction by some other grant from vs, likewise vnder our great scale, &
some possession accordingly by some mutuall agreement betweene the persons
interessed vnder their hands, & according to their custome vsed there in mat-
ters of that nature. In all matters of the bounds & Ijmitts w"'' haue difficultje


in them, & doe not fall vnder tlie rules aforesajd, yow shall reserve the judg-
ment to ourself, making only such a present temporary setlement as may

•n /• 1 • -1 n 1 • • ^^y session.

preserve the peace of the country till our further judgment & determmation ^ . g. , .
shall he made knoune to them ; towards the forming of M^hich yow shall state Ws maj'?.
the case & difference as clere as may be. ^I^tu^'^ °

•f state the case,

S': —

That wee may prevent all mistakes in the kings busines, though Colonell Three of the
NiccoUs in July, & ourselues in February last, desired that a map of your j^t^gj. ^^ .
iurisdiction & limits might be made ready, wee now send you our desires & "^""^ * ''°'°-^'

, , , , . cm about the

the kings instructions to vs in that particcular vnder our hands. Wee hope mapp, &c.
to be w"' you in the beginig of May at the furthest, (if God blesse vs,)
against w* time wee desire the map of yo' limitts may be ready. Wee shall
not trouble yow to send any to shew us yo'' southerne bounds, they being vn- *

controuerted, & at so great a distance from you. Wee haue desired Cap?
Breeden to shew yow a cople of a letter brought to New Yorke by a Dutch
ship from Holland, & leaue the vse to be made by yo''selues. Having no
more to trouble yow w"' at this time, wee rest.

Your loving freinds,



Newport, on Eoad Island, March 15"*, 1664.
To our honord ffreinds y^ Goilno'' & council of the Massachusetts.

This is a copie of a letter sent in to the Deputy Gouerno', & Magistrates,
& Deputjes in May, agreeing w"' its originall, from Eoad Island, signed by
three w*out the postscript, signed by the ffower comissioners : —

This mapp or draught w*'^in mentioned wee desire may be made with all Postscript
exactnes possible, & w"" all speed convenient deliuered to us ; for w^'out it wee
shall neither well vnderstand your bounds, nor be vnderstood in discoursing

of them.




May session,


No. 5.

16 65. *Gent'>: —

To yow the Generall Assembly of this his majestjes colony. "Wee
haue many things to coinunicate by comand from our gracious soueraigne,
all which, to prerent the inconveniencjes of impertinent speeches, misvnder-
Comission's standings, & false reports, wee are resolved to doe in as few & plaine words as

rcsolvG to

-coiTmnicat, &c, "^^6 Can by Writing vnder our hands.

by writing to Before wee cann say any thing to the contents of the kings coinission,

p^vent misvn- j j o cj

derstanding & wee are necessitated to say something to the trueth of it, being the foundation
5-5 ' of our employment, & malitiously reported by some to haue binn made vnder

Speaking to y ^n old hedge.

trueth of y«ir

coinission, 1*'. But that it was not so made will manifestly appeare to any rationall

m' of some for ™^^ ^1 these vndeniable arguments. The king himself & the lord chancelor
a scandalous ^q\^ ]y[r Norton & M' Bradstreet, of this colony, M' Winthrop, of Conecticot,

report, &c.

Their argum'. M"^ Clarke, of Eoad Island, & seuerall others now in these countrjes, that he
intended shortly to send ouer coinissioners, & to many of these wee brought
letters either from the king or lord chancellor.

2 Ar. By comparing the kings reasons expressed in the cornissions w"^
those mentioned in his gracious letters to this colony.

3 Arg*. By being brought hither by three of the kings ifrigotts, this
alone had been sufficient.

Personall slan- Those personall slaunders w"" which wee are calumniated, as privat men

sUt'ht ^^® slight, as Christians wee forgiue & will not mention ; but as persons im-

As respecting plojed by his sacred majesty, wee must not suffer his hono"^ to be Eeclipsed by
nor, expect ^ cloud of blacke reproaches & some seditious speeches w*out demanding jus-
justice. |.j^,g i^com you against those who haue raysed, reported, or made them. Some
of them are these : That the king hath sent us ouer to rajse fiue thousand
pounds a yeare out of this colony for his majestjes vse, & twelue pence for
euery acre of improoued land beside, & to take from this colony many of their
civil libertjes & eclesiasticall priuiledges, of which particculars wee haue binn
askt the trueth in seuerall places ; all which reports wee did & here doe dis-
clajme as false, & protest that they are diaemetrically contrary to the trueth, as
ere long wee shall make it appeare more plainly.
They declare This, gentlemen, was the cause why wee desird the magistrates of this
theTwiting P^'^c^' ^^o^t February the 14"i last, that the country might come freely into
letters to sefl" jjjig election. This only was the reason why wee wrote some letters to our

frends, &c. •'

freinds to invite all hither at this time, as will appeare by the letter itself, a
copie of which wee herewith deliuer. Wee know it was a duty incumbent on
us cheifely to wipe those soyling aspersions of his majestjes bono'', & to prevent
the spreading of this poysonous infection amongst his majestjes good subjects.


Gentlemen : Though we cannot thinke that any here can be guilty of any such 1665.
blake crime, yet this wee say, that you cannot vse a better argument to con- ' ~^

, , , May session.

vmce the whole world, or the king, who is most neerely concerned, that yow
are not so, then by seuerally prmishing those whom yow may finde guilty, if

5 ow will take notice of it, as yoAV ought to doe.

Now, concerning the comission itselfe, the reasons mentioned in it are '„ ^°J^ ^^^^

^ ' all colonys pe-

only srich as might seeme to concerne all the colonjes ; & they *ihey are fine r*494.]
seuerall colonjes haue made addresses to the king, desired he would take titi™= for his

1 • 1 ■ . T . , , . T maj^y protec-

ttiem into his protection, which this colony, amongst others, did. tion ; in spe-

The second is the complaints & disputes arising about the bounds of "''' '"^'
seuerall patents, w""" is the third in the kings letter. ^- ^^°^ ^'

^ ° compl" & dis-

The third is, that all his good subjects might enjoy the priuiledges, both v^^^ ^t"
ciuil & eclesiasticall, granted to them, the same w*'' the 2'\ in the kings let- 3 ^xa^ y^ de-
ter, but more larg there. ^"■e of enjoym

of priuiledges.

The fourth is, some natiue princes haue complained of acts of violenc & 4, sm^ com-
jnjustice, which is the fowert, too, in the kings letter. plaints of y

natiue prices.

The fifth is, that the king, being informed of the condition of all his col- 5 q^ i„f(,j.„,a-
onjes, might the better know how to contribute to the improouement of their tion of y= coUo-

njes condition,

happinesse. According to these reasons of sending us, the king hath been the better to
pleased to give vs pouer sufBcjent to accomplish the ends for which he sent contribut to
us ; of all which wee shall haue occasion to say something when Avee let yow 5""^ happines.
see our seuerall instructions.

The first reason mentioned in the kings letter is peculiar to this colony, Repeticon of

6 is to discountenance & suppresse those vnreasonable jealousies & malitious \q-^^
Ciilumnies w'*" wicked & vnquiet sjiirits labo'' to infuse, &fi, as that our subjects
there doe not submit to our gouernment, but looke vpon themselues as inde-
pendent on us. A fairer oppertunity yow cann neuer haue to throw this
calumnie (if it be one) to the depth of hell, to the ffather of lyes, from whom

it came.

• The king hath done more then his share, as shall iiiiediately appeare :
the rest lyes wholly vpon yourselves.

The 2'^, 3, & 4 reasons being in the comission, wee will not repeate them

The ffifth is about reducing the Dutch, which the king did not coiiiuni-
cate to any colony but to this.

The sixth is, that wee might conferr w"^ yow about the kings letter, dated
June 28"^, 1662, w"^ the answer to which his majestje sayes he is not satisfied.

All these reasons, being seriously considered, will prooue all these slan-
ders to be exceeding false & groundlesse, and therefore by so much the more

vol,. IV. PART II. 24


166 5. malicious. The grace, favour, care, & condescention which his majesty hath
"< ' expressed towards yow must needs prevayle w*'' you to doe him justice, by

May session. i i • i

whose authority you haue power to make lawes.

That it may appeare that these are the reasons mentioned in his majestjes
letter, here is a true copie of it, which wee are also coinanded to deliuer to
you ; and, in his majestjes name, wee desire it maybe seriously considered of
by yow, & made publicke to others, that it may not be obstructed to those
honorable ends designed by his majestje : the conveying of his farther grace
& favo'^ to you, & the acquainting of all his subjects w"' the true reasons why
his maj'"' did send vs.


The Courts de- All w* being received by the gentlemen then mett, they declared to the

the kines miiid coinissioners, that so soone as the Court was constituted, they would, in the first

at once, cS:c. place, attend their motions, and not sufier any particcular affaire of the colony

to giue them any delay ; the Court hauing, in conference w* the coiSissioners,

May the 4"^, earnestly desired that they might know all that his majestje had

given them in comand to declare to this Court, that so they might haue theire

"W* y= coinis- whole worke before them, to w"'' the coinissioners repljed, that they should not

observe that method, but when they had received an answer to that which they

had given in, they would then present them w"" more worke.

The Court The Court, not prevayling w"^ them to attend so reasonable a motion,

ere or pro- ]yfg^y ^]^q 5th graue their answer to the first fine papers aboue expressed in

ceeds to giue ./ o j ir jr

ans' to w' rec^. these followin? words : —

[*495.] *Honorable Gentlemen: —
Comts p'fuce Having pervsed the papers deliuered in by yo'^selues the day before our

to tlieir ans^ to_,,^

y 5 papers dd election, & thereby vnderstandmg you haue fui'ther to impart to us his majes-
tjes pleasure, which, had it beene at once coinunicated to us, might, in our
app'hentions, haue Conduced much to niutuall sattisfaction j but your expecta-
tion of our answer to what yow haue already propesed, & our desires to
dispatch the busines of this Court, hath put vs vpon this breife returne at
present, reserving further libertje, if there be cause, to inlarg vpon the par-

1. Courts .. n

., , , ,, ticculars.

thankfull ac-

knowiedgm' of ^rgg ^i^g, vf*^ all humble thankefulnes, (as becomes vs,) acknowledg his

his maj'J" grace _ .

& favo'. maj'y* great grace, favo% & kindnesse to this colony, expressed in liis letters &


messuages at seuerall timeSj which wee haue implored, in some acknowledged, 1665.
as wee had just cause, in other of our addresses to his maj'^, in which also wee ' * ""
haue professed our duty & loyalty to his majestje, & shall most readily lay ^^]2^\>i

Online LibraryNathaniel Bradstreet ShurtleffRecords of the governor and company of the Massachusetts bay in New England : Printed by order of the legislature → online text (page 22 of 77)