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National Association of Cotton Manufacturers.

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LIBRARY



^NSSACHt,^




1895




WILLIAM B. MacCOLL

President, 1925-26



Year Book

of

THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF
COTTON MANUFACTURERS

with

COTTON MANUFACTURERS

Manual

1926




Copyright 1926
THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COTTON MANUFACTURERS



U6 /39/3




TABLE OF CONTENTS





YEAR BOOK




Foreword




PAGE
9


Preface ....
Charter ....
Constitution and By-Laws
Officers and Directors .




9

10
12-17

18



STATISTICAL

Foreword ..........

Acknowledgment of Co-operation ......

Raw Cotton:

World Production and Consumption .....

Source, Length of Staple, Varieties, Culture, Acreage, Yield
and Frost Data ........

Forecasts, Condition and Production of United States Crop

Ginnings and Quantity and Value of Products

Review of Last Seven American Crops ....

Area Infested by Boll Weevil, Dispersion and Destruction by
Boll Weevil ......

Indian Production, Yield, and Acreage

Supply, Distribution, Consumption and Foreign Trade of United
States and World ......

Cotton Manufactures:

United States Production .....

Foreign Trade of United States and Great Britain
Prices, Sales and Margins:

Raw Cotton, Yarn, and Cloth .
Wages and Cost of Living:

England, New Bedford and Fall River
Cotton Textile Machinery:

Exports .......

Costs:

Mill Construction .....
Spindles and Looms:

Activity and Distribution ....
Japanese Cotton Industry:

Capital, Equipment, Production, Operatives, and Wages
Indian Yarn Production ......

Rayon:

United States and World, Production and Prices
Statistical History of the American Cotton Industry
Legal Working Hours for Women ....

Approximate Value of Foreign Money ....



21

22

23-27

28-36
37-44

45^7
48-52

53-54
55-57

57-91

92-98
99-110

111-135

136-142

143

144-147

147-158

159-161
162

163-167

168-171

172

173



CONTENTS



TECHNICAL

Foreword and Introduction ....

Abbreviations ......

Reference Data and Conversion Tables
Electrical Definitions and Units of Capacity
Heat Radiation ....

Power Transmission

Production of Cotton Machinery

Roving Tables ....

Yarn Tables .....

Cloth Tables ....

Knitting Tables ....

Humidity Charts and Tables

Test Methods and Correction Tables

Standard Sizes; Duck, Hosiery, Blankets

Sales Note for Gray Goods .

Thrown Silk Rules for Buying



page
175-176

177
178-182
183-184

185
186-193
194-195
196-197
198-208
209-213
214-217
218-222
223-241
242-243
244-245
246-247



MEMBERSHIP



Past Officers and Directors
List of Members



250-251
252-29S



Year Book

of

THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF
COTTON MANUFACTURERS



1926




FOREWORD



The Year Book of The National Association of Cotton Manu-
facturers furnishes in condensed form a reference work where
practically all of the information on cotton statistics and technical
data of interest to the cotton manufacturer can be readily ob-
tained. Further editions can be made of greater value if the
members will notify the Secretary's Office whenever they have
any suggestions on the addition of material not included.

WILLIAM B. MacCOLL.

President.



PREFACE



From a small beginning in 1918 the Year Book of The National
Association of Cotton Manufacturers has grown with each edition,
both in scope and in practical value. It is now recognized as
one of the leading authoritative sources of information on cotton
production and manufacturing, and is in use in practically all of
the cotton manufacturing countries of the world.

In preparing this, the ninth edition of the Year Book, the same
general policies of the previous editions have been carried out.
The order of arrangement has been revised in accordance with
suggestions received from some of our members. The lists of
members have been rearranged and condensed into one alpha-
betical list that gives all of the details. The Technical and
Statistical sections precede the list of members instead of follow-
ing it as in other editions. New material has been added and
all the information from previous editions brought up to date.

The editors are indebted to the Statistical and Technical Com-
mittees of the Association and the different departments of the
government for their help.

RUSSELL T. FISHER,

Secretary.



CHARTER

No. 6091

Commontocaltf) of jUlaftetecfjusiett*

Be it known that whereas, Edward W. Thomas, C. J. H. Woodbury,
William J. Kent, F. M. Messenger, Harry T. Whitin, Arthur H. Lowe,
Albert F. Knight, Alfred M. Goodale, Fred C. McDuffie and George W.
Bean have associated themselves with the intention of forming a corporation
under the name of the New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association,
for the purpose of encouraging scientific investigation and experiment as to
the methods of manufacturing cotton; collecting and imparting information
relating to this industry; promoting social intercourse among its members;
and establishing and maintaining a library of works on textiles in the city
of Boston, and have complied with the provisions of the Statutes of this Com-
monwealth in such case made and provided, as appears from the certificate
of the President, Treasurer and Directors of said corporation, duly approved
by the Commissioner of Corporations, and recorded in this office.

Now, Therefore, I, William M. Olin, Secretary of the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts, do hereby certify that said Edward W. Thomas, C. J. H.
Woodbury, William J. Kent, F. M. Messenger, Harry T. Whitin, Arthur
H. Lowe, Albert F. Knight, Alfred M. Goodale, Fred C. McDuffie and
George W. Bean, their associates and successors, are legally organized and
established as and are hereby made an existing corporation under the name
of the

New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association,

with the powers, rights and privileges, and subject to the limitations, duties
and restrictions which by law appertain thereto.

Seal of the Witness my official signature hereunto subscribed, and

r the seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts hereunto

Massachusetts affixed this first day of December, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and ninety-four.

WILLIAM M. OLIN,
Secretary of the Commonwealth.



■on.

- JfiK.;U



Commontoealtf) of ifflas&acfmsetts;

(Acts of 1895, Chap. 163.)

An Act to authorize the New England Cotton Manufacturers'
Association to hold its Meetings without the Commonwealth.

Be it enacted, etc., as follows:

Section 1. The New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association is hereby
authorized to hold its meetings in any state or territory of the United States
and in the District of Columbia; provided, however, that its annual meeting
shall be held in this Commonwealth at least once in five years.

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. [Approved March
23, 1895.]

No. 252

Commontoealtf) of jlfflas&acfmsiette

Be it known that whereas

New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association
a corporation organized under the laws of this Commonwealth and subject
to the provisions of chapter one hundred and twenty-five of the Revised
Laws has complied with the provisions of chapter one hundred and nine of
the Revised Laws, as appears from the certified copy of the order of the
Commissioner of Corporations, authorizing said corporation to change its
name and adopt the name of

The National Association of Cotton Manufacturers,
and the certificate of the Vice President and Acting President, Treasurer and
Directors of said corporation duly filed in this office pursuant to the pro-
visions of section ten of the aforesaid chapter one hundred and nine of the
Revised Laws.

Now, therefore, I, William M. Olin, Secretary of the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts, do hereby certify, that the name which said corporation shall
bear is

The National Association of Cotton Manufacturers,

which shall hereafter be its legal name.

Seal of the Witness my official signature hereunto subscribed, and

Commonwealth „ _ ,„.,,, _ .,, , ., , , .

f the Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts here-

Massachuselts U nto affixed this twenty-fifth day of June in the year of our

Lord one thousand nine hundred and six.

WM. M. OLIN,

Secretary of the Commonwealth.



THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COTTON
MANUFACTURERS

Successor to
New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association



Founded 1854
Incorporated December 1, 1894



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS
(Revised, November 1, 1923)



I

Name

The name is The National Association of Cotton Manu-
facturers.

II

Qualifications of Members
Active Members

1. Any person who is actively engaged as President, Treasurer,
Agent, Superintendent, or Manager in the manufacture, printing,
or finishing of cottons shall be eligible for active membership.

Associate Members

2. Any person engaged in the manufacture of cotton or cotton
fabrics, or the manufacture of textile machinery, or industries
kindred to the cotton manufacture, shall be eligible for associate
membership.

3. This class of membership shall be entitled to attend the meet-
ings of the Association and participate in its proceedings without
the right to vote except by permission from the Board of Govern-
ment or by vote of the Association.

Sustaining Members

4. Any firm or corporation actively engaged in manufacturing,
bleaching, printing, or finishing of cotton, or any firm or corpora-
tion actively engaged in a business contributory to the cotton
manufacturing industry, shall be eligible for sustaining membership.



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS 13

5. The executive head of a firm or corporation, so elected, or any
duly authorized representative thereof, shall represent its sustain-
ing membership in the Association.

6. Sustaining members shall enjoy the full privilege of active
membership and in addition shall be entitled to such direct service
as the Association may be able to render by its technical and sta-
tistical or other departments under such regulations as the Board
of Government may prescribe.

Honor arii Members

7. Honorary members shall be recommended by the Board of
Government and may be elected at any duly called meeting of the
Association. They shall be entitled to attend the meetings of the
Association and participate in its proceedings without the right to
vote. No person actively engaged in cotton manufacture shall be
eligible to such membership.

Life Members

8. Any active or associate member by the single payment of a
sum equal to ten times the amount of his annual dues, shall be
exempt from all future payment of dues and shall become a life
member and shall have all the privileges to which his class of mem-
bership is entitled.

9. The minimum dues for a life member shall be one hundred
dollars.

10. All moneys thus paid shall be invested as a permanent fund
by the Treasurer, acting under the direction of the Board of Govern-
ment, of which the income only shall be subject to appropriation
for current expenses.

Technical Members

11. Any person over twenty-five years of age (except those
designated under Article II, Sections 1 and 2) engaged in the manu-
facture, bleaching, printing, finishing, or distribution of cotton
products; or in any industry contributory to cotton manufacture,
including the manufacture and installation of cotton machinery;
or who is employed in a school or college giving instruction in the
manufacture of cotton goods and accessory industries; or by a
technical laboratory or textile engineering organization, shall be
eligible to technical membership.

Junior Technical Members

12. Any junior or senior student of a school or college giving in-
struction in textile manufacture, or any employee, under twenty-
five years of age and not a textile school graduate, engaged in the
supervision of cotton manufacture, bleaching, printing, or finish-
ing, shall be eligible as a junior technical member. A student
junior technical member upon graduation, and an employee junior
technical member upon attaining his twenty-fifth birthday, shall
automatically become a technical member of the Association and



14 THE ASSOCI ATION YEAR BOOK

shall be subject to the same conditions and receive the same priv-
ileges as other technical members.

13. It shall be the duty of all members of the Association to make
returns to the Secretary of such statistics as may be called for by
him, under the direction of any committee duly appointed for the
collection of statistics, when not incompatible with private inter-
ests.

Ill

Officers

1. The officers shall be a President, two Vice Presidents, fifteen
Directors, a Treasurer, and a Secretary.

2. The President, and in his absence a Vice President, shall
preside at all meetings of the Association and of the Board of
Government.

3. The Treasurer, or a deputy whom he may appoint with
the approval of the Board of Government, shall collect all moneys
due the Association and disburse the same in accordance with the
action of the Board of Government. He shall keep an accurate
account of all receipts and expenditures and present a full account
of the finances of the Association at the annual meeting in each
year, or whenever called for by the Board of Government. He
shall act as trustee of the permanent funds of the Association.

4. The Secretary shall attend all meetings of the Association
and the Board of Government and keep accurate records of their
doings. In the absence of the Secretary at any meeting, a Secretary
pro tem may be appointed by the presiding officer, who shall be
sworn to do all things, while in office, required of the Secretary.

5. Any officer who shall unreasonably absent himself from
three consecutive meetings of the Board of Government of which
he is a member, or shall otherwise neglect or refuse to perform the
duties of his office, may be removed from office at any regular
meeting of the Board of Government by a vote of a majority of
the members present and voting thereon, a notice of such proposed
action to be sent to him by mail at least one week previous to the
meeting.

IV
Board of Government

1. The President, Vice Presidents, and Directors, in addition to
the Presidents who have held office during six years previous to
the annual meeting of any year, shall constitute a Board of
Government and have under its care and direction all matters
pertaining to the management of the Association.

2. Meetings of the Board may be called by the President at such
time and place as he may deem expedient, giving each member a
written or printed notice of the same at least five days before the
day of the meeting.

3. At the first meeting of the Board after the Annual Meeting,
a Treasurer, a Secretary, and an Auditor of Accounts for the year



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS 15

ensuing shall be elected. The Board shall also fix the amount of
the compensation of the Secretary at this meeting.

4. All vacancies in the Board, occasioned by death, resignation,
or removal, shall be filled by the Board; and the persons so elected
shall hold their offices until the next Annual Meeting, except as
provided in Article III, Section 5.

5. At the first meeting of the Board, or as soon after as practical,
the President, with its approval, shall appoint from its member-
ship an Executive Committee of seven, which shall exercise author-
ity in such matters as may be delegated to it by the Board. The
President shall be Chairman of this Committee.

6. The President shall appoint from the general membership of
the Association such other committees as in his judgment can
most effectively serve its needs and interests. All committees so
appointed shall report their conclusions, whenever the particular
matter dealt with involves the policy of the Association or the
expenditure of money, to the Board of Government.

7. The Auditor shall examine the accounts of the Treasurer
annually, and report at the annual meeting his findings.

8. No committee or member thereof shall make public any
matter in connection with the work of the Association without
the approval of the Board of Government.

9. Seven members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction
of business.



Meetings

1. The Annual Meeting of the Association shall be held the last
Wednesday in October, or at such other time and at such hour and
place as the Board of Government shall appoint.

2. The Board of Government shall arrange for a Semi-Annual
Meeting of the Association to be held in April or at such other
time and at such hour and place as the Board of Government shall
appoint.

3. Special meetings shall be called by the Board of Government
whenever it deems it expedient or upon written application of
any fifty members to the Secretary.

4. All meetings of the members of the Association shall be in
pursuance of a written or printed notice, addressed to each member,
with the name of the President, or Secretary, attached thereto,
and deposited in the Post Office ten days at least before the day of
meeting, specifying the time and place of meeting; and at all such
meetings twenty-five members shall constitute a quorum for the
transaction of business.

VI

Elections

1. At each Annual Meeting there shall be chosen by ballot, a
President, a first Vice President, a second Vice President, and five
Directors; the President and Vice Presidents to serve one year and



16 THE ASSOCIATION YEAR BOOK

the five Directors for terms of three years unless sooner removed,
as hereinbefore provided.

2. No Director, elected as such, who has to his credit six years
of consecutive service, shall be eligible for re-election until one
year after the completion of such service.

3. The officers shall hold their respective offices until their
successors shall be chosen and accept their positions.

VII

Election of Members

All nominations for membership of any class in the Association
shall be made in writing and presented to the Board of Govern-
ment for action thereon. Upon favorable action by the Board
of Government the nominee shall become a member upon the
payment, within thirty days, of the initiation fee and dues of
his class.

VIII

Entrance Fees, Dues and Assessments

1. The admission fee for active members shall be ten dollars
and the payment of annual dues not exceeding ten dollars.

2. The admission fee for associate members shall be twenty-
five dollars and the annual assessment shall be double the sum
annually voted for active members.

3. The annual assessment for sustaining members shall be at
the rate of twenty-five cents for each one thousand dollars of
yearly payroll paid by such firm or corporation during the pre-
vious year in all its departments actively engaged in the manu-
facture of cotton goods or in contributory industries; provided
that no annual assessment shall be less than fifty or more than
five hundred dollars. There shall be no initiation fee for sustain-
ing members.

4. Honorary members shall not be subject to payment of
admission fees or assessments.

5. The admission fee for technical members shall be ten dollars
and the annual dues five dollars.

6. Junior technical members shall pay no admission fee and the
annual dues shall be three dollars.

7. Dues in the active, associate, technical, and junior technical
membership classes shall be paid in advance on the first day of
January of each year. The annual assessment for sustaining
members is payable in advance upon the anniversary of such
membership.

8. Any member failing to pay two successive assessments shall
cease to be a member at the end of six months from the date
when such second assessment shall become due.



CONSTITUTIOX A X D BY-LAWS 17

IX

Resignations

Any member may withdraw from the Association upon pay-
ment of all arrearages, first giving notice of his intention to do
so, in writing, to the Secretary, and the Board of Government
may accept such resignation.

X

Suspension or Expulsion

Any member may be suspended or expelled for cause at any
duly called meeting of the Board of Government by a two-thirds
vote of the members present, provided he has been notified of the
charges against him and an opportunity given him to appear in
his defense.

XI

National Council of American Cotton Manufacturers

1. The Board of Government may co-operate with the American
Cotton Manufacturers' Association in matters of national scope
and importance through the National Council of American Cotton
Manufacturers (composed of representatives of The American
Cotton Manufacturers' Association and an equal number from
this Association) in such manner and to such an extent as it may
from time to time determine to be for the best interests of the
cotton manufacturing industry, and may delegate to the Council
authority to act for this Association on such matters of national
importance as may be mutually agreed upon by the Boards of
Government of the constituent associations.

2. The representatives of this Association in the National Council
shall be the seven following: The President of the Association (ex-
officio), the last three living past presidents (ex-officiis), and three
others elected by the Board of Government from the sustaining
membership of the Association. At the first election under this
article, the Board of Government shall elect representatives to serve
one, two, and three years, respectively. Thereafter one representa-
tive shall be elected each year to serve a term of three years.

3. The Board of Government, from the moneys received as
dues from sustaining members, may contribute to the National
Council for the support of its work at such times and in such
manner as may be deemed necessary or desirable by a majority
of the Board of Government.

XII

Amendments

Amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws may be made
at any duly called meeting of the Association by a two-thirds vote;
provided, notice of such proposed amendment be given in writing
at a previous meeting, and also notice be given to each member
by the Secretary, of the pendency of such amendment, ten days
at least before any such meeting.



18



THE ASSOCIATION YEAR BOOK



BOARD OF GOVERNMENT
1926



PRESIDENT

WILLIAM B. MacCOLL . . . Pawtucket, R. I.

VICE PRESIDENTS

RUSSELL H. LEONARD . . . Boston, Mass.
JOHN A. SWEETSER . . . Boston, Mass.



DIRECTORS

Term expires 1926
S. HAROLD GREENE . . . Boston, Mass.



ALBERT G. MASON .
W. S. PEPPERELL .
DEXTER STEVENS .
ANDREW S. WEBB .



New Bedford, Mass.
Providence, R. I.
Esmond, R. I.
Philadelphia, Pa.



Term expires 1927
W. IRVING BULLARD . . . Boston, Mass.



JOHN L. BURTON .
JOHN S. LAWRENCE
JAMES SINCLAIR
E. KENT SWIFT



New Bedford, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Fall River, Mass.
Whitinsville, Mass.



Term expires 1928
C. F. BROUGHTON . . . . New Bedford, Mass.



A. E. COLBY
PHILIP DANA .
JOHN A. PERKINS .
JAMES O. THOMPSON, Jr.



Boston, Mass.
Westbrook, Me.
Cohoes, N. Y.
New Bedford, Mass.



FORMER PRESIDENTS EX-OFFICIIS



RUSSELL B. LOWE
ROBERT AMORY
MORGAN BUTLER



Fitchburg, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.



TREASURER

W. IRVING BULLARD . . . Boston, Mass.



SECRETARY

RUSSELL T. FISHER . . . Boston, Mass.



STATISTICAL — TECHNICAL
AND MEMBERSHIP



1926





STATISTICAL



FOREWORD

The Statistical Committee, in presenting this section of the Year
Book, has endeavored not only to bring the statistics of The National
Association of Cotton Manufacturers as they have appeared in previous
years up to date, but has added further statistics in its endeavor to
present to the members as complete a picture of the industry as can
be given.

In 1925 the industry again passed through a most trying year, during
which methods of carrying on our business were steadily being adjusted
to meet new conditions not only in running our mills but in merchan-
dising our goods.

In presenting the following statistics, the Committee hope that the
members will find them useful and helpful in solving their problems
during the coining year.

P. D. HOWE, Chairman Statistical Committee

F. S. BLANCHARD

ALSTON H. GARSIDE

ARNOLD W. HUNNEWELL

W. S. PEPPERELL

CHARLES B. NICHOLS

ALBERT GREENE DUNCAN



22 COTTON MANUFACTURERS MANUAL



Acknowledgment of Co-operation

The preparation of the Statistical Section of this Year Book has been
made possible by the generous co-operation of many governmental
authorities in this country and abroad, and many firms and individuals
in the cotton trade throughout the world. Special acknowledgment is
due the Bureau of the Census and Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce, especially, Textile Division, of the United States Depart-
ment of Commerce; Weather Bureau, Bureau of Agricultural Eco-



Online LibraryNational Association of Cotton ManufacturersThe Year book of the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers and Cotton manufacturers manual (Volume 1926) → online text (page 1 of 33)