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National Parks United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Ener.

Mississippi River National Heritage Corridor Act, Congaree Swamp National Monument Expansion and Wilderness Act, and Charles Pinckney Historic Site : hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks, and Forests of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, O online

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Online LibraryNational Parks United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on EnerMississippi River National Heritage Corridor Act, Congaree Swamp National Monument Expansion and Wilderness Act, and Charles Pinckney Historic Site : hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks, and Forests of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, O → online text (page 1 of 15)
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S. Hrg. 100-866

MISSISSIPPI RIVER NATIONAL HERITAGE CORRIDOR ACT, CONGA-
REE SWAMP NATIONAL MONUMENT EXPANSION AND WILDER-
NESS ACT, AND CHARLES PINCKNEY HISTORIC SITE




HEARINi

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE
PUBLIC LANDS, NATIONAL PAEKS AND FORESTS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON

ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES

UNITED STATES SENATE

ONE HUNDREDTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION
ON




'•^;?



■•"•^



S. 1643 . ^^^^ ;.^ie^liv

TO ESTABLISH THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER NATIONAL HfilXAGE CORRIDOR

S. 2018

TO EXPAND THE BOUNDARIES OF THE CONGAREE SWAMP NATIONAL
MONUMENT, TO DESIGNATE WILDERNESS THEREIN, AND FOR OTHER
PURPOSES

S. 2058

TO AUTHORIZE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHARLES PINCKNEY NA-
TIONAL HISTORIC SITE IN THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, AND
FOR OTHER PURPOSES



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JUNE 23, 1988




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GOV DOCS
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5635
.A25
1988b x

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Printed for the use of the
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1988




le by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402



90-788 - 88 - 1



S. Hrg. 100-866

MISSISSIPPI RIVER NATIONAL HERITAGE CORRIDOR ACT, CONGA-
REE SWAMP NATIONAL MONUMENT EXPANSION AND WILDER-
NESS ACT, AND CHARLES PINCKNEY HISTORIC SITE



i



u




r



HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE
PUBLIC LANDS, NATIONAL PAEKS AND FORESTS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON

ENEEGY AND NATURAL RESOUECES

UNITED STATES SENATE

ONE HUNDREDTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION . . „^. -'

HTHDRAV

TO ESTABLISH THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER NATIONAL HfilXAGE CORRIDOR ' "'

S. 2018

TO EXPAND THE BOUNDARIES OF THE CONGAREE SWAMP NATIONAL
MONUMENT, TO DESIGNATE WILDERNESS THEREIN, AND FOR OTHER
PURPOSES

S. 2058

TO AUTHORIZE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHARLES PINCKNEY NA-
TIONAL HISTORIC SITE IN THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, AND
FOR OTHER PURPOSES



JUNE 23, 1988




^IWI'



GOV DOCS p . ^ f .u

Printed for the use of the
^^ Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

5635

.A25 U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

1988bx 1 WASHINGTON : 1988



^esearcir
Library ,



Ip by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402



90-788 - 88 - 1






COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES

J. BENNETT JOHNSTON, Louisiana, Chairman

DALE BUMPERS, Arkansas JAMES A, McCLURE, Idaho

WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon

HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio LOWELL P. WEICKER, Jr., Connecticut

JOHN MELCHER, Montana PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico

BILL BRADLEY, New Jersey MALCOLM WALLOP, Wyoming

JEFF BINGAMAN, New Mexico FRANK H. MURKOWSKI, Alaska

TIMOTHY WIRTH, Colorado DON NICKLES, Oklahoma

WYCHE FOWLER, Jr., Georgia CHIC HECHT, Nevada

KENT CONRAD, North Dakota DANIEL J. EVANS, Washington

Daryl H. Owen, Staff Director
D. Michael Harvey, Chief Counsel
Frank M. Gushing, Staff Director for the Minority
.' , Gary G. Ellsworth, Chief Counsel for the Minority



Subcommittee on Pubuc Lands, National Parks and Forests

DALE BUMPERS, Arkansas, Chairman
JEFF BINGAMAN, New Mexico, Vice Chairman

JOHN MELCHER, Montana MALCOLM WALLOP, Wyoming

BILL BRADLEY, New Jersey LOWELL P. WEICKER, Jr., Connecticut

TIMOTHY E. WIRTH, Colorado MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon

WYCHE FOWLER, Jr., Georgia PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico

KENT CONRAD, North Dakota FRANK H. MURKOWSKI, Alaska

CHIC HECHT, Nevada
J. Bennett Johnston and James A. McClure are Ex Officio Members of the Subcommittee

Thomas B. Wiluams, Senior Professional Staff Member
EuzABETH J. NoRCROSS, Professional Staff Member

(II)



CONTENTS



Page

S. 1643 6

S. 2018 18

S. 2058 23

STATEMENTS

Beasley, Barry R., coordinator for State scenic rivers program commission,

South Carolina Water Resources Commission 93

Bernhagen, Hon. John, Minnesota State Senator 119

Bumpers, Hon. Dale, U.S. Senator from Arkansas 3

Crandall, Derrick, president, American Recreation Coalition 120

Derbes, H. Dan, Mississippi River Parkway Commission, accompanied by

John Bernhagen Ill

Devine, Dr. Michael J., director, Illinois Historic Preservation Agency 124

Hollings, Hon. Ernest F., U.S. Senator from South Carolina 61

Hollings, Rita L., "Peatsy", accompanied by Nancy Thurmond 69

Kirby, Peter, southwest regional director, the Wilderness Society 105

Lienesch, William, director of Federal activities, National Parks and Conser-
vation Association 99

Rogers, Jerry, Associate Director, Cultural Resources, National Park Service,

Department of the Interior, accompanied by Robert McDaniel 76

Spratt, Hon. John, U.S. Representative from South Carolina 67

Thurmond, Hon. Strom, U.S. Senator from South Carolina 26

Thurmond, Nancy 75

Watkins, Richard, conservation chair. South Carolina Chapter, Sierra Club 89

APPENDIXES

Appendix I

Responses to additional questions 129

Appendix II

Additional material submitted for the record 135

(III)



MISSISSIPPI RIVER NATIONAL HERITAGE COR-
RIDOR ACT, CONGAREE SWAMP NATIONAL
MONUMENT EXPANSION AND WILDERNESS
ACT, AND CHARLES PINCKNEY HISTORIC SITE



THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1988

U.S. Senate,
Subcommittee on Public Lands,

National Parks and Forests,
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources,

Washington, DC.

The subcommittee met at 9:37 a.m. in room SD-366, Dirksen
Senate Office Building, Hon. Dale Bumpers, presiding.

OPENING STATEMENT OF HON. DALE BUMPERS, U.S. SENATOR

FROM ARKANSAS

Senator Bumpers. The Subcommittee will come to order.

The purpose of the hearing today is to receive testimony on three
measures currently pending before the Subcommittee on Public
Lands, National Parks, and Forests. The three measures are: S.
1643, a bill to establish the Mississippi River National Heritage
Corridor; S. 2018, a bill to expand the boundaries of the Congaree
Swamp National Monument, to designate wilderness therein, and
for other purposes; and S. 2058, a bill to authorize the establish-
ment of the Charles Pinckney National Historic Site in the State of
South Carolina, and for other purposes.

I will place a copy of each bill in the hearing record.

The hearing record will remain open for two weeks for the pur-
pose of receiving additional materials, statements, and so on.

Before we hear from our first witness today, I want to say a few
words about S. 1643, the Mississippi River National Heritage Corri-
dor bill.

Many of you know that I have been interested in the resources of
the Mississippi River region, especially the delta and the poverty
therein, for many years. It is my view that we need to take every
opportunity to promote and enhance the tremendous resource base
that we have along the river. While the Mississippi River Parkway
Commission and other entities have done an excellent job in pro-
moting the scenic, historic, environmental, economic and cultural
resources of this region, more needs to be done.

Some mechanism needs to be found to focus the spotlight on
these important values and to make people both inside and outside
of the region aware of this significant national asset.

(1)



I feel that S. 1643 can provide a good starting point for such an
effort.

I also want to note for the record that I am currently pursuing
some of the economic development potential of this region through
another measure, S. 2246, the Lower Mississippi Delta Develop-
ment Act.

And I will insert the rest of my remarks in the record.

[The prepared statement of Senator Bumpers and the texts of the
bills follow:]



STATEMENT BY THE HONORABLE DALE BUMPERS

The purpose of the hearing today is to receive testimony on three
measures currently pending before the Subcommittee on Public Lands,
National Parks and Forests. The three measures are:

S. 1643, a bill to establish the Mississippi River National Heritage
Corridor;

S. 2018, a bill to expand the boundaries of the Congaree Swamp National
Monument, to designate wilderness therein, and for other purposes; and

S. 2058, a bill to authorize the establishment of the Charles Pinckney
National Historic Site in the State of South Carolina, and for other
purposes .

At this point, I will place a copy of each bill in the Hearing
Record. The Hearing Record will remain open for two weeks for the
purpose of receiving additional materials, statements, etc..

Before we hear from our first witness today, I would like to say a
few words about S. 1643, the Mississippi River National Heritage
Corridor bill.

As some of you know, I have been interested in the resources of
the Mississippi River region, especially the Delta region - for many
years. It is my view that we need to take every opportunity to promote



- 2 -
and enhance the tremendous resource base that we have along the
Mississippi River. While the Mississippi River Parkway Commission and
other entities have done an excellent job in promoting the scenic,
historic, environmental, economic, and cultural resources of this
region, more needs to be done. Some mechanism needs to be found to
focus the spotlight on these important values and to make people, both
inside and outside of the region, aware of this significant national
asset. I feel that S. 1643 can provide a good starting point for such
an effort .

I also want to note for the record that I am currently pursuing
some of the economic development potential of this region through
another measure I have introduced, S. 2246 - the Lower Mississippi
Delta Development Act .

This legislation would establish a Mississippi Delta Development
Commission that will be given a one-year charge to study the ten-year
education, housing, health, transportation, recreation, infrastructure,
capital enhancement and credit availability, energy, small business and
industrial development needs of the Mississippi Delta region. This
nine-member Commission, composed of one member from each of the seven
states in the region plus two federal appointees, will, within one
year, make comprehensive recommendations in its report to the Congress,
the President, and the various governors concerning what we do now to
begin to fully develop the Mississippi Delta economy by the year 2000,
thereby eliminating the persistent and pervasive poverty that has



- 3 -
plagued our region.

I see a real opportunity for these two measures to work in tandem
for the region, and I urge all the witnesses today to give some
thought to how this might be achieved.



n



100th congress

1st Session



S. 1643

To establish the Mississippi River National Heritage Corridor.



m THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

August 7 (legislative day, August 5), 1987
Mr. Simon (for himself, Mr. Stennis, Mr. Bond, Mr. Beeaux, Mr. Bumpers,
Mr. Cochran, Mr. Danforth, Mr. Dixon, Mr. Durenberger, Mr.
Ford, Mr. Gore, Mr. Grassley, Mr. Harkin, Mr. Johnston, Mr.
Kasten, and Mr. Sasser) introduced the following bill; which was read
twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources



A BILL

To establish the Mississippi River National Heritage Corridor.

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

4 This Act may be cited as the "Mississippi River Nation-

5 al Heritage Corridor Act of 1987".

6 SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

7 The Congress finds the following:

8 (1) The Mississippi River Corridor stretches

9 through 10 States from the headwaters of the Missis-
10 sippi River in the State of Minnesota to the Gulf of



2

1 Mexico and contains nationally significant historic, eco-

2 nomic, recreational, scenic, cultural, natural, and scien-

3 tific resources.

4 (2) The national interest would be served by the

5 preservation, protection, enhancement, and coordina-

6 tion at all levels of government of such resources in

7 the Mississippi River Corridor for the benefit of the

8 people of the United States.

9 (3) Despite efforts by the States through which

10 the Mississippi River Corridor stretches, poHtical subdi-

11 visions of such States, and volunteer associations and

12 private businesses in such States, the preservation,

13 protection, and enhancement of such resources of the

14 Mississippi River Corridor have not been realized fully.

15 (4) The Mississippi River Corridor is located in

16 the heartland of the United States and has the poten-

17 tial for further economic, industrial, and agricultural

18 development.

19 (5) The estabUshment of the Mississippi River Na-

20 tional Heritage Corridor will focus national attention

21 on the available resources of the Mississippi River Cor-

22 ridor and provide a means and a stimulus for coordina-

23 tion for the preservation, protection, enhancement, en-

24 joyment, and utilization of the resources of the Missis-

25 sippi River Corridor.

"•■g 1643 IS'' " ""



8



3

1 (6) The establishment of the Mississippi River Na-

2 tional Heritage Corridor Commission would provide a

3 national entity to gather, assess, and disseminate infor-

4 mation on the recreational, cultural, historic, and eco-

5 nomic opportunities in the Mississippi River Corridor.

6 SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

7 In this Act—

8 (1) the term "Commission" means the Mississippi River

9 National Heritage Corridor Commission, previously referred

10 to as the Mississippi River Parkway Commission;

11 (2) the term "Corridor" means the Mississippi River

12 National Heritage Corridor;

13 (3) the term "political subdivision of a State" means a

14 political subdivision of a State, any part of which is located in

15 or adjacent to the Corridor, including counties, parishes,

16 townships, cities, towns, villages, park districts, and forest

17 preserve districts;

18 (4) the term "Mississippi River Corridor" means the

19 area included in the Corridor;

20 (5) the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the

21 Interior; and

22 (6) the term "State" means the State of Arkansas, Uli-

23 nois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi,

24 Missouri, Tennessee, or Wisconsin.



S 1643 IS



4

1 SEC. 4. ESTABLISHMENT; BOUNDARIES.

2 (a) Establishment. — There is established the Missis-

3 sippi River National Heritage Corridor.

4 (b) Boundaries. — (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the

5 Corridor shall consist of the area within boundary lines de-

6 picted on the map entitled "Great River Road Inventory

7 1985". Such map shall be—

8 (A) on file with—

9 (i) the Commission;

10 (ii) the Mississippi River Parkway Commis-

11 sion; and

12 (iii) the Department of the Interior; and

13 (B) available for public inspection.

14 (2) The Commission may revise the boundaries of the

15 Corridor. Any such revision shall be published by the Secre-

16 tary in the Federal Register.

17 SEC. 5. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COMMISSION.

18 There is established the Mississippi River National Her-

19 itage Corridor Commission.

20 SEC. 6. ORGANIZATION OF THE COMMISSION.

21 (a) Number and Appointment. — The Commission

22 shall be composed of 101 members as follows:

28 (1) The Director of the National Park Service;

24 and



S 1643 IS



10

5

1 (2) 10 individuals from each State, one of whom

2 will be designated by the Governor of that State to

3 serve on the Executive Board —

4 (A) nominated by the Governor of that State;

5 and

6 (B) appointed by the Secretary.

7 (b) First Appointments. — Members of the Commis-

8 sion required by subsection (a) to be appointed shall be first

9 appointed not later than 90 days after the date of the enact-

10 ment of this Act.

11 (c) Vacancies. — A vacancy in the Commission shall be

12 filled in the manner in which the original appointment is

13 made.

14 (d) Terms. — (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2)

15 through (4), members of the Commission shall be appointed

16 for terms of 4 years.

17 (2) Of the members of the Commission first appointed

18 under subsection (a)(2), 50 members shall be appointed for

19 terms of 2 years.

20 (3) Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring

21 before the expiration of the term of the predecessor shall be

22 appointed only for the remainder of such term.

23 (4) Members may continue to serve on the Commission

24 after the expiration of their terms until the date on which a

25 successor is appointed.



11



6

1 (e) Pay. — (1) Except as provided in para^aph (2),

2 members of the Commission shall serve without pay.

3 (2) Members of the Commission who are full-time offi-

4 cers or employees of the United States shall receive no addi-

5 tional pay by reason of their service on the Commission.

6 (f) Reimbuesement of Expenses. — While away

7 from their homes or re^lar places of business in the perform-

8 ance of services for the Commission, members of the Com-

9 mission shall be allowed travel expenses, including a per

10 diem allowance in lieu of subsistence, in the same manner as

11 persons employed intermittently in Government service are

12 allowed travel expenses under section 5703 of title 5, United

13 States Code.

14 (g) QuOBUM. — (1) 51 members of the Commission shall

15 constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may

16 hold hearings.

17 (2) A member of the Commission may vote by means of

18 a signed proxy exercised by another member of the Commis-

19 sion, but any member so voting shall not be considered

20 present for purposes of establishing a quorum.

21 (h) Chaiepeeson. — The chairperson of the Commis-

22 sion shall be elected by the members of the Commission.

23 (i) Meetings. — (1) The Commission shall meet at the

24 call of the chairperson or a majority of the members.



S 1643 IS -



12

7

1 (2) The Commission shall hold its first meeting not later

2 than 45 days after the members of the Commission are first

3 appointed.

4 SEC. 7. EXECUTIVE BOARD.

5 (a) Establishment. — There shall be an Executive

6 Board of the Commission. The Executive Board shall be

7 comprised of 11 members, 10 of whom are designated as

8 such under section 6(a)(2) and 1 of whom shall be the Direc-

9 tor of the National Park Service.

10 (b) Functions. — The Executive Board shall be respon-

11 sible for carrying out the day-to-day operations of the Com-

12 mission, including —

13 (1) appointing and fixing the pay of staff;

14 (2) procuring temporary and intermittent services;

15 (3) accepting personnel detailed to the Commis-

16 sion;

17 (4) contracting for goods and services; and

18 (5) any other duty delegated by the Commission.

19 (c) Quorum. — Six members of the Executive Board

20 shall constitute a quorum.

21 (d) Chairperson. — The chairperson of the Commis-

22 sion shall serve as chairperson of the Executive Board.

23 SEC. 8. STAFF OF COMMISSION; EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS;

24 PERSONNEL OF FEDERAL AGENCIES.

25 (a) Staff. — Subject to —

S 164S IS



13



8

1 (1) the provisions of title 5, United States Code,

2 governing appointments in the competitive service; and

3 (2) the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter

4 m of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification

5 and General Schedule pay rates,

6 the Commission may appoint and fix the pay of such staff as

7 the Commission considers appropriate.

8 (b) ExPEETS AND CONSULTANTS. — The Commission

9 may procure temporary and intermittent services under sec-

10 tion 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.

11 (c) Personnel op States and Political Subdivi-

12 siONS. — The Commission may —

13 (1) accept the services of personnel detailed from

14 a State or a political subdivision of a State; and

15 (2) reimburse such State or such subdivision for

16 such services.

17 (d) Personnel of Federal Agencies. — At the re-

18 quest of the Commission, the head of any Federal agency

19 may detail, on a reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of

20 such agency to the Commission to assist the Commission in

21 carrying out its duties under this Act.

22 SEC. 9. POWERS OF THE COMMISSION.

23 (a) Hearings and Sessions. — For the purpose of car-

24 rying out this Act, the Commission may hold such hearings,

25 sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and



* •

" S 1643 IS



14



9

1 receive such evidence as the Commission considers appropri-

2 ate.

3 (b) Powers of Members and Agents. — Any

4 member or agent of the Commission may, if so authorized by

5 the Commission, take any action which the Commission is

6 authorized to take by this section.

7 (c) Obtaining Official Data. — The Commission

8 may secure directly from any agency (as defined in section

9 5520(c)(4) of title 5, United States Code), from a State, and

10 from any political subdivision of a State information neces-

11 sary to enable the Commission to carry out this Act. Upon

12 request of the chairperson of the Commission, the head of

13 such agency shall furnish such information to the Commis-

14 sion,

15 (d) Mails. — The Commission may use the United

16 States mails in the same manner and under the same condi-

17 tions as other departments and agencies of the United States.

18 (e) Administrative Support Services. — The Ad-

19 ministrator of General Services shall provide to the Commis-

20 sion on a reimbursable basis such administrative support

21 services as the Commission may request.

22 (f) Gifts. — The Commission may accept, use, and dis-

23 pose of gifts or donations of services, moneys, and other

24 property.



6' i643 IS



15



10

1 SEC. 10. DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION.

2 (a) Prepaeation of Plan. — Not later than 2 years

3 after the first meeting of the Commission, the Commission

4 shall, in consultation with the Secretary, prepare a plan

5 which shall provide an inventory and assess the preservation,

6 protection, enhancement, enjoyment, and utilization of the

7 historic, economic, recreational, scenic, cultural, natural, and

8 scientific resources of the Corridor. The plan shall —

9 (1) provide an inventory and assessment of the

10 historic, economic, recreational, scenic, cultural, natu-

11 ral, and scientific resources of the Corridor;

12 (2) contain a description of economic opportunities

13 in the corridor and proposals to expand economic de-

14 velopment in the Corridor; and

15 (3) include recommendations to encourage eco-

16 nomic development which is balanced with historic

17 preservation, tourism, and environmental protection

18 and enhancement.

19 (b) Assistance. — The Commission shall assist States,

20 political subdivisions of States, and tribal governments that

21 undertake activities to preserve, protect, enhance, or utilize

22 the historic, economic, recreational, scenic, cultural, natural,

23 or scientific resources of the Corridor.

24 (c) Information Clearinghouse. — The Commission

25 shall collect information dealing with ongoing activities, man-

26 agement plans, and opportunities regarding historic, econom-

S ■l643' IS -•



16



11

1 ic, recreational, scenic, cultural, natural, and scientific re-

2 sources in the Corridor. Such information shall be made

3 available to Federal agencies. States, political subdivisions of

4 States, tribal governments, volunteer associations, and pri-

5 vate businesses.

6 (d) Great River Road. — The Commission shall coop-

7 erate vdth the Mississippi River Parkway Commission to

8 assist in the continued development, maintenance, and en-

9 hancement of the Great River Road as a continuous scenic

10 highway along the entire length of the Corridor.

11 (e) Biennial Report. — The Commission shall submit

12 a report biennially to the chief executive officer of each State

13 and to the Secretary concerning the activities of the Commis-

14 sion for the years involved.

15 SEC. 11. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY; OTHER FEDERAL

16 AGENCIES.

17 (a) Secretary. — The Secretary —

18 (1) shall assist the Commission in preparing the

19 plan referred to in section 10;

20 (2) shall review such plan;

21 (3) may propose changes in such plan; and

22 (4) shall coordinate v^dth the Commission, and

23 Federal agencies affected by such plan, the process for

24 developing and implementing such plan.



r.

S 1643 IS



17



12

1 (b) Federal Agencies. — Any Federal agency entity

2 conducting or supporting activities directly affecting the Cor-

3 ridor shall, to the maximum extent practicable, conduct or

4 support such activities in a manner that takes the plan re-

5 ferred to in section 10 into account.

6 SEC. 12. RESTRICTIONS.


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Online LibraryNational Parks United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on EnerMississippi River National Heritage Corridor Act, Congaree Swamp National Monument Expansion and Wilderness Act, and Charles Pinckney Historic Site : hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks, and Forests of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, O → online text (page 1 of 15)