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National Parks United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Ener.

Tongass National Forest : hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks, and Forests of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on S. 237 ... S. 346 ... H.R. 987 (Volume pt. 2) online

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Online LibraryNational Parks United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on EnerTongass National Forest : hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks, and Forests of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on S. 237 ... S. 346 ... H.R. 987 (Volume pt. 2) → online text (page 1 of 59)
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S. Hrg. 101-30, Pt. 2

TONGASS NATIONAL FOREST

WppRAWir^^ J

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
PUBLIC LANDS, NATIONAL PAEKS AND FORESTS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON

ENEEGY AND NATUEAL KESOUECES

UNITED STATES SENATE

ONE HUNDRED FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION -f'Ui^i

ON ^^^

S. 237 ^ ^OXl£?f^''^

TO REFORM THE TONGASS TIMBER SUPPLY FUND

S. 346

TO AMEND THE ALASKA NATIONAL INTEREST LANDS CONSERVATION

ACT AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES



KETCHIKAN, AK, APRIL 24, 1989
SITKA, AK, APRIL 25, 1989



PART 2




Printed for the use of the
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources



Bostoui '^'•'-'s- Library

Boston, Wi m.ne



S. Hrg. 101-30, Pt. 2

TONGASS NATIONAL FOREST



HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
PUBLIC LANDS, NATIONAL PARKS AND FORESTS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON

ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES

UNITED STATES SENATE

ONE HUNDRED FIRST CONGRESS
FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 237

TO REFORM THE TONGASS TIMBER SUPPLY FUND

S. 346

TO AMEND THE ALASKA NATIONAL INTEREST LANDS CONSERVATION

ACT AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES



KETCHIKAN, AK, APRIL 24, 1989
SITKA, AK, APRIL 25, 1989



PART 2




Printed for the use of the
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
22-148 WASHINGTON : 1989

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402



COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES

J. BENNETT JOHNSTON, Louisiana, Chairman
DALE BUMPERS, Arkansas JAMES A. McCLURE, Idaho

WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon

HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico

BILL BRADLEY, New Jersey MALCOLM WALLOP, Wyoming

JEFF BINGAMAN, New Mexico FRANK H. MURKOWSKI, Alaska

TIMOTHY E. WIRTH, Colorado DON NICKLES, Oklahoma

KENT CONRAD, North Dakota CONRAD BURNS, Montana

HOWELL T. HEFLIN, Alabama JAKE GARN, Utah

JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IV, West Virginia MITCH McCONNELL, Kentucky

Daryl Owen, Staff Director

D. Michael Harvey, Chief Counsel

Frank M. Cushing, Staff Director for the Minority

Gary G. Ellsworth, Chief Counsel for the Minority



Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks and Forests

DALE BUMPERS, Arkansas, Chairman
TIMOTHY E. WIRTH, Colorado, Vice Chairman

BILL BRADLEY, New Jersey MALCOLM WALLOP, Wyoming

JEFF BINGAMAN, New Mexico MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon

KENT CONRAD, North Dakota CONRAD BURNS, Montana

JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IV, West Virginia JAKE GARN, Utah

PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico
J. Bennett Johnston and James A. McClure are Ex Officio Members of the Subcommittee

Thomas B. Williams, Senior Professional Staff Member

Elizabeth J. Norcross, Professional Staff Member

J. David Brooks, Counsel

(II)



CONTENTS



Hearings: Page

AprU 24, 1989 1

AprU25, 1989 331

Monday, April 24, 1989

STATEMENTS

Amend, Donald F., general manager, Southern Southeast Regional Aquacul-

ture Association 102

Andrew, Kay, representing United Southeast Alaska Gillnetters Association ... 114

Apostolis, Perry _ 321

Arriola, Rodger ~ 265

Atkinson, Harris L., mayor, Metlakatla Indian Community 96

Bacon, Jim, United Fishermen of Alaska 106

Bartholomew, Leslie J., president of Greater Ketchikan Chamber of Com-
merce 72

Begalka, Walter J., member, Alaska Society of American Foresters 249

Blubaum, John E 261

Bonnet, Michelle 291

Botelho, Bruce, mayor of the city and borough of Juneau 7

Boyer, Laurin 280

Brakel, Judy 309

Bray, David 269

Bruce, Jim „ 253

Bryon, James 315

Bukoskey, John, Northwest International Representative, International Long-
shoremen's & Warehousemen's Union 182

Burns, Hon. Conrad, U.S. Senator from Montana 5

Burrell, Richard 318

Canterbury, Jackie, representing the Tongass Conservation Society 203

Clarke, Marlene 80

Clifton, John M., chairman, Ketchikan Overall Economic Development Com-
mittee 276

Coady, Sally, Alaska Women in Timber 180

Connelly, Steve 269

Cook, Earl 246

Dahlgren, Doug 290

Davis, Cheri L., Alaska State House of Representatives 48

Dirksen, Paul 275

Durette, Robert, owner and president, Durette Construction Co 174

Elliot, Bob 274

Ferry, Ted, mayor, city of Ketchikan 34

Finney, Brad 270

Funk, Kent 253

Garrison, Peggy 248

Geraghty, Sylvia, representing Alaskans for Responsible Resource Manage-
ment 199

Gildersleeve, Keatun 180

GUe, Virgil 280

Green, Pauline 316

Gregory, Ralph C, mayor, Ketchikan Gateway Borough 33

Hannan, Sara 299

Harbour, Don 319

Harbour, Sean C 327

(HI)



IV

Page

Head, Greg 326

Howatt, Nellie 284

Hummel, Eric 274

Johnson, Edwin 288

Jones, Lloyd, Alaska State Senator 53

Kallick, Steven E 303

Kautzer, Joan, representing Alaska Women in Trees 230

Kirchhoff, Matthew D., Alaska Chapter, the Wildlife Society 215

LeCornu, Adrian, mayor, city of Hydaburg 44

Leighty, Bill, Gold Creek Salmon Bake Summertime Outdoor Restaurant 128

Lindgren, Dan 322

Littleton, Ronald 286

MacKinnon, Neil, chairman, Juneau Branch, Alaska Miners Association 118

MacMillan, J. Carol 318

Martin, Angelo 326

Mehrkens, Joseph R., Southeast Alaska Natural Resources Center 208

Monk, Alan 322

Moore, Kevin 288

Murkowski, Hon. Frank H., U.S. Senator from Alaska 3

Murphy, Tom 281

Neimeyer, Fern, mayor of Wrangell 63

O'Dowd, Thomas L 283

Paulson, Jan 321

Pihl, Martin R., president and gneral manager, Ketchikan Pulp Co 133

Pihlman, Dale, fisheries biologist, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 131

Prefontaine, Ed 257

Radergraham, Corrine 284

Ransdell, Richard 323

Riffe, Greg 246

Roberts, Ray, representing Ed Thomas, tribal president of the Central Council

of Tlingithaida Indian Tribes 85

Ross, Jan, representing Alaska Cruise Lectures 130

Ryno, Marcia 287

Sebastian, Joseph, representing the Point Baker Community Association 56

Shaub, Thyes, Government affairs director, Alaska Loggers Association 165

Shewey, Renee 297

Shull, Steve 290

Sloss, Jeff, Alaska Discovery, Inc 291

Soderberg, Virgil 320

Soule, Robert 288

Steveler, Greg, the Gustavus Community Association 67

Stone, Roger A 74

Swartz, Stan 285

Taro, Cliff, president. Southeast Stevedoring Corp 73

Taylor, Robin, Alaska State House of Representatives 45

Troll, Kay, executive director, Southeast Alaska Seiners Association 115

Watkins, Fred 246

Watt Nancy 259

Weihing, Waioie, employee arthe LP 236

Williams, Lew M., Jr., publisher, Ketchikan Daily News 81

Williams, WUliam K., president. Cape Fox Corp 90

Winter, Tom 317

Wirth, Hon. Timothy E., U.S. Senator from Colorado 1

Woodie, David 298

Zimmerman, Abe 247

Zink, Dan 289

Tuesday, April 25, 1989

STATEMENTS

Alsup, William 622

Baade, Dixie 542

Bean, Richard Jr 591

Beck, Larry, general manager, ChUkoot Lumber Co 528

Beltran, Michelle 622

Bernard, Mildred 611

Bickar, Patricia 631



V

Page

Billings, Leo 635

Bremner, Don, chairman, Yakutat Alaska Native Brotherhood Camp 13 443

Brenner, Steve 597

Brown, Bernice, Alaska Women in Timber 519

Burns, Hon. Conrad, U.S. Senator, from Montana 336

Bums, Ted 636

Calvin, Margaret 559

Carlson, Charles, director, Sealaska Corp 453

Cowper, Hon. Steve, Governor, State of Alaska 376

Craig, Sandra 589

Cronk, Leslie A., port manager, Sitka, AK 511

Dapcevich, John, mayor of Sitka, AK 340

Elerding, Mike 601

Eliason, Nancy 630

Eliason, Richard L, Alaska State Senator 416

Else, Page 585

Elsquiro, Peter, Northern Southeast Regional Aquaculture Association, Inc 493

Fike, Robert 620

Furrow, Francis J 612

Gassman, John W 621

Gee, Bill 619

George, Lydia, city council of Angoon, AK 372

Groshong, Ralph, Alaska Pulp Corp 578

Haciyan, Yetvart 624

Hames, Roger, president, Hames Corp 428

Hammond, Austin, Children's Culture Camp 476

Hanlon, Ernestine, Tlingit of Hoonah, AK 449

Harang, Gordon, Arrowhead Transfer, Inc 593

Horan, Charles E., real estate appraiser 434

Jacobs, Dennis, Chilkoot Lumber Co 528

Johnson, Paul, Elfin Cove, AK 425

Johnstone, Alice 558

Jordan, Eric, chairman, Sitka Fish & Game Advisory Committee 498

Kaden, Hayden 580

Kaelke, Michael E., president, Sheldon Jackson College 594

Kilburn, Joseph 589

Kile, Larry 619

Kirchhoff, Mark J., city of Port Alexander, AK 407

Kobylus, Terry 624

Lancaster, Donald 608

Larsen, Ted 635

Leghorn, Ken, Tongass Tourism & Recreation Business Association 513

Loitz, Larry 611

Longshore, Frances 607

Mallott, Byron L, chief executive officer, Sealaska Corp 455

Mathisen, Sigurd, Petersburg Vessel Owners Association 492

Metcalf K.J., Southeast Alaska Conservation CouncU 560

Milla, Napolean 623

Murkowski, Hon. Frank H., U.S. Senator from Alaska 333

Murray, John 585

Nevers, Foy 584

Nylund, Jim 617

Oetken, Edward R., Alaska Pulp Corp 580

Parton, John 577

Pattison, Wayne, forest engineer 602

Pool, Christine 588

Poulson, Thad, editor. Daily Sitka Sentinel 438

Powell, Larry E., mayor of Yakutat, AK 398

Privett, William B., president. Southeast Conference 338

Ranger, Darrel 618

Roppel, Frank, executive vice president, Alaska Pulp Corp 518

Sandvig, Ruth 584

Sarvela, Pat 612

Schmidt, Lee 554

Senna, James, Shee Atika, Inc 463

Servid, Carolyn 587

Sever, Florian 547

Smith, Carlton R., Southeast Alaska Native Land Acquisition Coalition 464



VI

Page

Sparks, Ronald, member, board of directors, Kiukwan, Inc 463

Sma, Tom [,"[ 616

Stragier, Babe "."' 601

Sunde, Elaine, president. Retail Merchant's Association of Sitka 429

Thompson, Harold K., president, Sitka Sound Seafoods, Inc 486

Tonkin, Robert, Territorial Sportsmen 508

Villaneuva, Pete 620

Walker, Diane 618

Waller, Linda 587

Ward, Robert W. Jr., Sitka Convention Bureau 510

Watson, Bartlett R., Armstrong-KTA, Inc 592

Wharton, Eric 616

Williams, Gordon, Alaska TroUers Association 487

Wirth, Hon. Timothy E., U.S. Senator from Colorado 331

Woodhouse, Art, superintendent, Sitka School District 427

Wright, Frank 590

Wright, Larry "",[ 623

Wyman, Phil, chairman, Sitka Fish & Game Advisory Panel 495

Yost, Rubin, mayor. Pelican, AK 423

Zeman, Russell 630

Ziel, Diane M., member, city council, Tenakee Springs, AK 411



TONGASS NATIONAL FOREST



MONDAY, APRIL 24, 1989

U.S. Senate,
Subcommittee on Public Lands,

National Parks and Forests,
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources,

Ketchikan, AK.

The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 7 a.m. in the
Ketchikan High School Auditorium, Ketchikan, Alaska, Hon. Tim-
othy Wirth presiding.

OPENING STATEMENT OF HON. TIMOTHY E. WIRTH. U.S.
SENATOR FROM COLORADO

Senator Wirth. The Committee will come to order. I want to
start by thanking Senator Murkowski and his staff who have been
very gracious and helpful in setting up this hearing and we appre-
ciate their assistance. This is a hearing of the Subcommittee on
Public Lands and National Parks and Forests, the Committee on
Energy and National Resources. I am Senator Tim Wirth of Colora-
do and ril be chairing this hearing.

With me of course are our host. Senator Frank Murkowski, and
Senator Conrad Burns from Montana. Senator Burns, we are de-
lighted you are here.

I am pleased to be here today and I want to start by expressing
my appreciation to Senator Dale Bumpers, the Subcommittee
Chairman, and Senator Bennett Johnston, the Chairman of the full
Committee, for agreeing to schedule this hearing.

The purpose of this hearing is to receive testimony on two bills,
S. 237, Senator Murkowski's bill and S. 346, legislation which I in-
troduced. Both of these bills concern the Tongass and how it's run.

How the Tongass is run of course affects all of you. We are very
aware of that and that's why we are here. You live here surround-
ed by the Tongass and we have come to hear your opinions and
your concerns and your ideas.

The question of how to run the Tongass is controversial in Wash-
ington, D.C., in my home State of Colorado and it is controversial
here. We deal with a great number of controversial issues in the
Senate and we do our best to listen to all sides, to respect the right
of people to hold opinions that are different from our own and to
respect their right to express those opinions. It is my intention to
see that this hearing is run in that manner.

I expect that I will be hearing a good deal about my own legisla-
tion today. Before we start therefore I would like to say a few
things about what I think it does and why I proposed it.

(1)



The Tongass is more than a local issue. It is not just any national
forest. It is the largest one, it has internationally important wild-
life and fishery resources. Its management has made it one of the
most expensive of all our national forests to run, and in an era
when we are trying hard to find a way to create more balanced
plans for every national forest — plans that are responsive to the
growing public demand for and economic importance of fisheries,
recreation, tourism, wildlife and other values — the Tongass stands
out as hamstrung in its ability to respond to that challenge. I be-
lieve the Tongass is hamstrung because all its planning and man-
agement revolves around three things unique to this forest: the
rigid goal of having to supply 4.5 billion board feet of timber for
sale per decade, the automatic provision of at least $40 million per
year for timber programs and the fifty-year contracts which give
two timber buyers exclusive control of large parts of the forest.

The legislation does five things: it eliminates the now-mandatory
timber goal of 4.5 billion board feet per decade; eliminates the
guaranteed minimum annual appropriation of $40 million; termi-
nates the two 50-year timber contracts so that timber will be sold
through the normal process of short-term contracts. It requires the
Forest Service to revise its land management plan to adjust to not
having the mandatory timber goal, the guaranteed appropriation
or the long-term contracts and also to achieve a balance between
timber, wildlife, fisheries, recreation and other uses and values of
the forest. And finally the legislation places 23 areas off-limits to
logging until this new plan is completed. The legislation does not
put any lands in wilderness. It does not put any lands off-limits to
logging permanently but it would insure that logging under the old
plan does not eliminate the options for protecting these particular-
ly important areas for fisheries, wildlife, recreation and subsistence
use.

These five proposals were made in the hope that they would pro-
tect resources in the Tongass National Forest which are important
to Alaska's economy and that they would enable the Tongass to
adjust to a future which, whether legislation passes or not, is cer-
tainly going to be different than the past.

In the past the forest was run for the timber industry. It is be-
coming apparent that we cannot do that and expect everyone else
to do just fine. Now the commercial fishermen, the tourism indus-
try, the subsistence user and the hunters and fishermen of this
area want to be partners in the management of the forest because
they all depend on the forest as much as the timber industry does.

In the past. Congress thought that pouring money into the
timber program of this forest and other forests would solve all local
economic problems and provide community stability, but now we
have to justify every Federal dollar spent as a good investment.
The taxpayers in every state demand that and it is their money.

And lastly, in the past Alaska was far away from the rest of the
country. It is still far away but now people in every part of Amer-
ica know about Alaska and are interested in it and care about its
environment. They know about the oil spill and they know about
this forest. It is their forest, too, and they want it to be protected
from harm.



It is not my intent to stop timber harvest on the Tongass Nation-
al Forest, or to close the mills in Ketchikan and Sitka, nor do I
think that will happen. I do not see why those mills should not or
cannot operate under the same sort of rules the mills in every
other state operate under. Will it be as easy for the mills as it is
now? Probably not. Maybe they will have more things to worry
about, including competition.

I look forward to the testimony of the witnesses and I welcome
their input. We will bring back what you say to the other members
of the committee and Congress and I am sure the committee and
the Congress will have a lively debate on these issues and I am
looking forward to working with the committee members and with
the Alaska delegation and with other interested members on this
issue.

Again let me thank Senator Murkowski for his generous hosting
of this hearing and I see Mrs. Murkowski in the front row and we
are delighted to have her here.

Thank you very much. Frank.

STATEMENT OF THE HON. FRANK H. MURKOWSKI, U.S. SENATOR

FROM ALASKA

Senator Murkowski. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman and
good morning.

It is a good and an early morning. As most of you know Nancy
and I were raised here and graduated from Kay High. I guess
that it is fair of the Chairman to say for us that the sun always
shines in Ketchikan. It is really nice to be home.

Today's hearing really marks the fulfillment of a promise that I
made some time ago, that no action would be taken on Tongass leg-
islation until hearings were held in the communities most affected.
Unfortunately the committee was unable to include Wrangell in
the Hearing Schedule as I had requested. Senator Wirth and Sena-
tor Burns and Beth Norcross, who joins us here, and members of
the professional committee staff are here as well, the Public Lands
Subcommittee, I welcome you to Alaska and I welcome you to Alas-
ka's First City, Ketchikan.

Now both Ted Stevens and Don Young regret very much that
they are not able to be here; the Valdez oil spill disaster has spread
our congressional delegation a little thin and Don and Ted are now
touring Cordova and Valdez, Seward, Homer and Kodiak.

Legislation affecting the future of the Tongass National Forest is
of course a subject vital to the people of Alaska and in particular
those living here in southeastern Alaska. It is essential that Alas-
kans be heard before any legislative changes are made affecting
the management of the Tongass.

Chairman Wirth is Acting Subcommittee Chairman and I want
to thank you and Senator Bennett Johnston, the Chairman of the
full Committee on Energy and Natural Resources as well as Sena-
tor Dale Bumpers, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Public Lands,
for holding these hearings.

I also appreciate the courtesy which has been extended to me as
a non-member of the Public Lands Subcommittee. The Committee
has before it as Senator Wirth indicated, two bills which would



radically — are of course radically different in their impact on the
Tongass.

Senate Bill 346 produced by my colleague, Senator Wirth and
others, and Senate Bill 237, introduced by me and Senator Stevens.

I believe the Wirth Bill would seriously cripple the timber indus-
try and I think it would drastically reduce the timber supply, abro-
gate our two pulp mill contracts and force the United States to
walk away from a commitment made to the people of southeastern
Alaska.

I also find it rather ironic and troublesome that at a time when
Alaska is facing severe challenges to our economic stability by the
disaster in Prince William Sound that we are also facing the poten-
tial loss of our timber industry or some 4,423 jobs and the life-style
of those Alaskans that are dependent on those jobs.

Now while we sort out the effects of the spill it is fair to say that
exploration of — as well as relief sale activity in Bristol Bay and ex-
ploration in ANWR as well as resale activity in Bristol Bay are cer-
tainly off the screen. Exploration in ANWR and Sale 92 should not
go forward until questions are resolved satisfactorily as to the ade-
quacy of containment and contingency plans proven by actual test-
ing.

It is significant given these realities that we are here today to
fight for our state's only two year-round manufacturing industries.
Why is it that some members of Congress want to shut down our
mills, our timber industry and providers of jobs for three out of ten
residents of Southeastern Alaska.

We can reform the management of the Tongass without devastat-
ing the economy of southeastern Alaska. That is what the Tongass
Management Land Plan, or TLMP, is really all about, to gather the
input from all the interests to make the management of Tongass
National Forest more responsive to all concerns of all parties. With
all the hearings and the input from Alaskans in the record and the
TLMP Report to be available late this year or early next year, I
find it inconsistent that we now move for this legislation before
considering the recommendations made by the people of Alaska
and the affected parties and the TLMP process. It is our feeling
that our bill is a workable compromise and responsible to reasona-
ble concerns about Tongass management. It takes in concerns of
the Southeastern Conference, those who oppose the $40 million
Federal Fund as well as groups fighting for their jobs and life-
styles, such as the Alaskan women in timber.

The important aspect of our proposals are one, it does not walk
away from the commitment made by the United States to the
people of Southeastern Alaska and, two, it does not upset the basic
compromise crafted by them.

Our bill would repeal the off-budget appropriation to Congress'
timber program and repeal the mandate that the Forest Service
make 4.5 billion board feet of timber available to the dependent in-
dustry each decade.

Under our bill the actual amount of timber prepared for sale,
sold and harvested would be limited by the annual congressional
appropriation, the sustained yield capacity of the forest which in-
cludes protection of fish and wildlife and the market demand for
timber. In addition we would require that a sufficient amount of



land outside existing wilderness remain in multiple-use manage-
ment to support the timber dependent southeast Alaska communi-
ties on a sustained basis.

Mr. Chairman, it is my sincere hope that you and others will
keep a perspective on the many important issues that will be
brought to your attention by the witnesses, issues such as old-
growth virgin stands, clear-cutting, additions to wilderness and
buffer zones, free from timber cutting around our small communi-
ties and spawning streams, winter kill of our deer population,
along with beach and fringe stands of old growth to sustain the
deer habitat, along with the presence of the deer from both wolf
kill and hunting by man.

The contributions of lush second-growth stands such as those at
Edmund Bay and Prince of Wales cut during the Second World
War and yielding tenfold, a new forest contributing as a sump in
assimilating carbon dioxide, a positive contribution to the world's
warming trend and the realization that nearly 40 percent of the
Tongass is deteriorating and dying and the only utilization is in the
form of wood fibre and not lumber for that timber we have cut. Mr.
Chairman, it is important that we include in the record the Ton-
gass Land Statistic attached hereto and I would ask that that be
included in the record but I will not read it at this time but I
would like to here praise the 5.7 million acres of harvestable old-
growth forest land in the Tongass, two-thirds already set aside for
fish and wildlife, recreation and wilderness. Two-thirds, Mr. Chair-
man, 1.7 million acres and one-third is already in wilderness in
perpetuity, roughly one-third, 2.5 million acres is managed for fish
and wildlife and other uses which exclude road construction and
logging and only 1.7 million acres or one-third of the harvestable
timber in southeastern Alaska will ever be logged. That is only 10
percent of the entire 17 million acre forest.

Don Young asked me to emphasize the significance of H.R. 1368,
a bill reported by the Forest Subcommittee, the House Agricultural
Committee and the bill requires the Forest Service to meet market
demand up to 4.5 billion board feet per decade and it does away
with $40 million in federal funding and it is quite similar to my
bill.

Mr. Chairman, our bill. Senate Bill 237, represents a compro-
mise. We have eliminated the $40 million annual funding. There
has been so much criticism directed at putting the Tongass on an
equal footing with all other national forests and additional compro-
mises will be forthcoming as a result of these hearings and we do
welcome them. Nevertheless we must craft this legislation to pro-



Online LibraryNational Parks United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on EnerTongass National Forest : hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks, and Forests of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, first session, on S. 237 ... S. 346 ... H.R. 987 (Volume pt. 2) → online text (page 1 of 59)