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l^arbarli College Uttirars

BOUOHT FROM THE BSqUEST OF

CHARLES SUMNER, LL.D.,

OF BOSTON.

(Class of Z830.)

**For Books relating to Politics and
Fine Arts."



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THE
CONSTITUTIONAL YEAR BOOK.



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T^



THE



CONSTITUTIONAL



YEAR BOOK



FOR



1904.



TWENTIETH YEAR,



XonOon :

PUBLISHED BY THE

CONSERVATIVE CENTRAL OFFICE,

St. Stephkn's Chambers, Westminster, S.VV.
1904.

{All rights rtservtd.]



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PREFACE



The Constitutional Year Book was first issued in 1885. with tlie
•special object of supplying a demand which had often been made
by Conservative speakers and writers, and by politicians generally,
for a cheap and handy reference-book of political information,
containing facts and statistics of public interest, such as are often
only obtainable after laborious search among Parliamentary Blue
Books and other official documents. The success which attended its
issue ha^ justified the continuance of the publication in an enlarged
and improved form.

The C9nstitutioual Year Book does not claim to compete in
variety of general information with the numerous and valuable Almanacks
at present in circulation. While, however, its scope is chiefly political,
there will be found in its pages much of the information usually
contained in an Almanack, in addition to novel features which
are believed to distinguish it from any existing work of the kind.

Special attention is drawn to the complete information relating to
Parliamentary Constituencies, Members, Candidates, and Elections from
1885 to the present time ; to the Parliamentary Summary for 1908, in
a novel and convenient form ; to the statistics bearing on the General
Election of 1900; and to the condensed Tables of Statistics on almost
every subject of national importance, which have been carefully revised
and brought down to the latest possible date.

The Editor will be glad to receive any suggestions or corrections
trom correnpoiidents.

Conservative Central Office,
St. Stephen's Chambers, Westminster, S.W. •

January, 1904



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CONTENTS.



PAGE

ix Addenda.
xi Index.

XV Conservative Organisations.

1 ^€oMHON Notes for the Year.

2 Postal Rates, &c.

8 Day of the Week Calendar.

4-16 Monthly Calendar.

16 Table of Tides, &c.

17 Chronological Tables.
20 The Constitution.

22 The Crown : —

Power aud function of the Sovereign — The Civil List and Boval Grants-
Taxes on the Boyal Income — The King and the Boyal Family— Principal
OflBcers of the Household — British and Foreign ArabaBsadors — Governois
of Colouies and Dependencies — Prime Ministers since 1702.

84 The Executive Government : —

Present and Preceding Ministries — Table of Administrations since 1800—
Departments of the Government — Boyal Commissions.

78 The Imperial Parliament : —

The Parliaments of the United Kingdom — Bules for Petitions to Parlianient.

74 The House of Lords: —

Origin— Appellate Jurisdiction — The Lords Spiritual— The Lords Temporal—
The Hereditary System— Procedure — Public Services— Principal Officers —
Composition of the House — State of Parties in the House — Creations since
ISSO—List of Peers — Peers of Scotland and Ireland — Peeresses — Bishops
not in Parliament — Lords-Lieutenant of Counties.

110 The House of Commons: —

History — Procedure — Officers — List of Members of the House —
State of Parties — Composition of the House — Analysis.

189 Parliamentary Constitukncies and Elections: —

Lists of Constituencies— Polls at the General Elections of 1886, 1886, 1892*
1895 and 1900, and at Bye Elections — Population and Bepresentation —
Electoral Statistics— List of all Members and Candidates, 1886-1903.

229 The Parliamentary Franchise : —

Begistration of Electors — Begistration Appeals — Parliamentary Election
Law— Daten for Elections.



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via



CONTENTS.



PAQE

289 Local Government : —
County Councils:
Constitution of County Councils— Qualification of Electors and of Coun-
cillors—Conduct and Management of the Elections— Chairmen of County
Councils.

248 District and Parish Councils: —

Qualification of Electors— Parish Meetings— The Parish Council— Rural
District Councils— Guardians (outside London)— Urban District Councils
— Metropolitan Borough Councils — Information for Candidates.

248 Parliamentary Proceedings, 1 902 : —

Parliamentary Summary — Record of Divisions — Statutes — Public Bills-
Parliamentary Papers.

818 Unionist -Press, The.

881 PoLiiicAL Diary, 1902-03.

858 Beference, Books of.

867 Political Societies, Associations, Clmbs. (fee

860 Glossary of Current Political Tkrms.

867 Statistical Tables.

National Income and Expenditure — Revenue — Taxes Imposed and Remitted
— Customs Tariff — Excise and Stamp Duties — Income Tax — House Duty —
Death Duties — National Debt — Receipts of .Local Authorities— Rates
Levied — Local Taxation— Rates in the *— Population — Emigration— Edu-
cation — Paupers — Crime — Army and Navy — Agriculture — Allotments-
Commerce, Imports and Exports — Shipping — Min ng — Railways — Tram-
way Si— Monetary, Ac.

487 Index to Statistical Tables.



ABBREVIATIONS USED THROUGHOUT.



D., Duke; M., Marquis; E., Earl; Vise, Viscount; Bp., Bishop; Bar., Baron; Ld., Lord;

U.K., United Kingdom ; Ir., Ireland; Sco., Scotland ; or., created; sue, Bucoeeded ; £r.,Heir;

b., bom; s., son; &r., brother; «i«., sister; u.. uncle; c, cousin : <2au., daughter; Ld.-Lt.,

Lord Lieutenant ; Dipl., Diplomatic ; Bd., Board ; R.N., Royal Navy ; Mil., Militia; Impl.

Yeo., Imperial Yeomanry; Vol.. Volunteers.
C., Conservative ; L.U., Liberal Unionist : L., Liberal ; N., Irish Nationalist ; * Minors.



K.G.

K.T.

K.P.

P.O.

G.C.B.

K.G.B.

C.B.

6.C.S.I.

K.C.S.I.

C.S.I.

G.C.M.G

K.C.M.G.

C.M.G.



ORDERS, &c.



Knight of the Garter.

Knight of the Thistle.

Knight of St. Patrick.

Privy Councillor.

Knight Grand Cross ^

Knight Commander J- of the Bath.

Companion - - j

Knight Grand Commander^ . .. ^ «..

?Sn%r "^'^".'^' : :}oVfnd'i^

ISlfhl ^^SfmrnX) o' /t Michael
Companion - -j"*^ ^*- ^'«°'8^-



G.C.I.E.-
K.C.I.E.
C.I.E. -
G.C.V.O.
K.C.V.O.
C.V.O. -
M.V.O. •
D.S.O. -

I.S.O. -

A. B.C. -

r.D. ■

R.R.C. '



ix\ of 1

\ Ind

.) Em]



' the
Indian
Empire^
-\ of the
-I Royal
- (Victorian



Knight Grand Commander "j

Knisrht Commander -

Companion -

Knight Grand Cross

Knight Commander

Commander -

Member of the 4th or 5th Class j Order.

Companion of the Distinguished

Service Order.
Imperial Service Order.
Aide-de-Camp to H.M.
Volunteer Decoration.
Royal Red Cross.



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IX



ADDENDA.

PAGB

79 liord Abinger died, December 10, 1903.

158 Dulwich Election, December 15; Dr. F. R. Harris (C.) 6,819, G. F. G. \£aatenn:in (L.
4,382.

160 liewisham Election, December 15 ; Major Coates (C.) 7,709, ./. W. Gleland (L.) 5,697.

91 liOrd Lamington is created G.C.I.E.
129 Sir Herbert Maxwell, Bart, M.P., is appointed Ld. -Lieut, of Wigtownshire.

31 Mr. G. W. Buchanan, C.B., is promoted to be Minister Plenipotentiary to Bulgaria.

131 Mr. C. L. Orr-Ewing, M.P., died, December, 1903.

152 December 22, 1903, Shropshire, Ludlow Division, Election; R. Hunt (LU.) 4,393,
F. Horne (L.) 3,423.

57 Customs, Mr. T. J. Pittar, C.B., is appointed Chn. of the Board, and Mr. J. A. Kempe,
C.B., is appointed Assistant Auditor General.

84 The Duke of Connaught is appointed President of the Patriotic Fund Corporation.

119 Sir Harry Bullard, M.P. for Norwich, died, December, 3903.

117 Sir Wm. Allan, M.P. for Gateshead, died, December 28, 1903.

71 Vice- Admiral Bosanquet is appointed a member of the Royal Commission on -"Food
Supplies, vice Sir G Noel resigned.

98 The Marquis of Sligo died, December, 1903.

88 Lord Haldon died, December, 1903.

220 Count A. Moore, Ex M.P., died, Jan'iary, 1904.



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I N D p: X .



(Note — The Parliamentary Summary, Lists of Public Bills, Parliamentary Papers,
etc., being arranged in alphabetical order, the varioas items are not separately inserted
in the general index. A separate index of Statistical Tables is given on page 437.)



PAOK

Addenda ix

Administntioni, ConservatiTe and Unionist,

1874-1900 34-41

AdmhiistrationB, Liberal, 1868-96 42-49

Admen i.sTRATioMs, Table ot, 1800-1908 50*62

Admiialty, The 53

Advocate, The Lord 66

Agents-General of Colonies 32

Agricalture and Fisheries, Board of 53

Ambassadors, British and Foreign 31 |

Anniversaries, etc 1

Archbishops of Canterbury since 697 a.d 18

Army (Annual) Act 307

Associations, Societies, &c 357-359

Attorney-General, The 64

Audit Department 58

Austria, Emperors of 19



Bank Holidays 1

Belgium, Kings of 19

Bills, Pcblic, 1903 (in alphabetical order)314, 316

Bishops not in Parliament 108

Books, List of, for Conservative Clubs, du;. 353-356

British Museum 62

Bye-Elections 203, 204



[ Calendar for Days of Week 3

„ January to December 4-15

I Candidates and Members, List of 205-228

Canterbury, Archbishops of 18

I Chamberlain, The Lord 64

„ The Lord Great 64

I Chancellor, The Lord High 65



PAGE

Charity Commission 66

Church Estates Commission 67

Civil List, The 24

Civil Service Commission 65

Clubs, Political 356

Coal Supplies Commission 71

Coins, Table of Foreign 16

College of Arms, The 66

Colonial Office 55

Colonies, Cjrown Agents for 56

„ Emigration Office 58

,, Governors and Agents-General 32

Commissions, Royal 71, 72

Common Notes 1

Commons, House of. Analysis of Professions,

etc 138

„ „ Divisions 296-306

History, &c 110-115

Members, List of ... . 117-186
,, „ Members and Candi-

dates, 1886-1903 ..205-228

,, „ Officers 116

„ „ SUte of Parties in 137

,, ,, Composition of 116

Companies, Registration of 59

Congested Districts Board 60

Conservative Organisations xv

Consolidated Fund Act 307

Constituencies and Elections, since 1885

139-195

Constitution, The 20

Cornwall, Duchy of 56

County Councils, Chairmen of 242

Courts of Justice 56

Crofters Commission 66

Crown Agents for Colonies 56

Crown, Power and Function of the 22

Customs, The 57



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Xll



[NDEX.



(Note — The Parliamentary Summary, Lists of Public Bills, Parliamentary Papers,
etc., being arranged in alphabetical order, the various items are not separately inserted
in the general index. A separate index of Statistical Tables is given on page 437.)



PAOK

Denmark, Kings of 19

Departments of the Government 53-70

Diary, Political, for 1903 331-352

Divisions in the House Of Commons. .296-306

Dominical Letters 3

Duchy of Cornwall Office 56

„ Lancaster Office 61

Dynasties, Sovereigns, and Oovemments — 18



Ecclesiastical Commission, The 57

Eclipses 1

Education (London) Act 310

„ Board of 57

Election Law, Parliamentary 235-288

Election Law, Local Government 239-247

Elections, Bye- 203, 204

Cost of 202

since 1885 139195

,, Gains and Losses 201

Electoral Statistics 196-2H

Electors, Registration of 1, 232-234

Emigration Office 56-67

Employment of Children Act 313

England, Church of 18

,, Kings and Queens of 18

Exchequer, Chancellor of 68

Exchequer and Audit Department 53

Expiring Laws Continuance Act 312



Festivals, &c 1

Finance Act 308

Food Supply Commission 71

Foreign Coins, Table of 16

„ Office, The 58

,, Sovereigns, &c 19

France, Dynasties, Sovereigns, &c 19

Franchise, The Parliamentary 229-281

Friendly Societies Registry, The 58

General Election Results, 1832-1900 197

German Emperors 19

Glossary of Political Terms 360-366

Government, Departments of the 53-70



PAOB

Governments, Dynasties, and Sovereigns 18

,, 1868-1903 34-49

Greece, Kings of 19

Heralds' College 55

Historical Manuscripts Commission 72

History, Landmarks in General 17

„ Landmarks in English 17

Home Office, The 68

Horse Breeding, Commission 72

Horse, Master of the 58

Housing of Working Classes Act 312

Illiterate Voters 202

India— Office, The 69

Inland Revenue Office, The 59

IRELAND— Agriculture and Technical In-
struction, Department of 60

,, Board of Intermediate Education .. 60

,, Board of National Education 60

,, Boundary Survey 61

„ Chief Secretaries for 59

„ Congested Districts Board 60

„ Education Commissioners of 60

., Endowed Schools Commission 60

,, Irish Land Commission 60

„ Irish Office 59

„ Land Act 312

,, Local Government Board 60

„ Lords-Lieutenant of 59

,, Manual, and Practical Instruction

Commission 72

,, Public Works Board 60

,, Valuation Office 61

Italy, Kings of 19

t

Judges, List of 56

Judge Advocate General, The 61

Justice, Courts of 56

King and Queen, Households of 27

King and Royal Family 28

Kings and Queens of England 18

King's Descent from Egbert 18



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INDEX.



Xlll



(Note — The Parliamentary Summary, Lists of Public Bills, Parliamentary Papers,
etc., being arranged in alphabetical order, the various items are not separately inserted
in the general index. A separate index of Statistical Tables is given on page 437.)



PAOB

Lancaster, Office of the Duchy of 61

Landmarks in English History 17

„ in General History 17

Land Registry Office, The 61

Law Sittings 1

Light Railways Commission 72

Local Government Board 61

„ „ Election and Franchise 289-247

London Education Vet 310

„ Traflfic Commission 72

Lords, Origin, History, and Procedure 74-77

,, Composition of 78

List of 79-101

,, Officers of 77

,,. Peerages created since iSSO 78

„ Peeresses 108

„ Peers of Scotland and Ireland who sit

under other Titles 104

„ Family Names of Peers 102

„ Public Services of Peers 77

,, Representative Peers of Scotland ... .105

„ „ ,, Ireland 106

„ State of Parties in 78

Lords-Lieutenant of Counties 109

Lunacy Commission, The 61



Members and Candidates, List of 205-228

Militia and Volunteers Commission 71

Mint, The Royal 62

Money, Foreign, Table of 16

Money Orders 2

Monthly Notices 4-16

Moon's Changes 4-15

Motor Car Act 311

Museums 62



National Debt Office, The 63

,. Gallery 62

Naval Forces Act 307

,; Works Act , 309

Netherlands, Sovereigns of . , 19

Norway and Sweden, Kings of 19



Ordnance Survey Office, The



PAGE

Pauliament, The Imperial 73

,, Dates of Assembling and Dis-
solution 78

Divisions 296-306

Election Law 235-238

Franchise, The 229-231

Petitions 3

Publications, 1903 ..314-317
Parliamentary Summary, 1903 (in alpha-
betical order of sub-
jects) 248-295

,, Time Table, Nominations

AND Poll 238

Patent Office, The 68

Patriotic Fund Act 309

Paymaster-General's Office 63

Petitions to Parliament, Rules for 73

Pistols Act 309

Political Clubs in London 356

Diary, 1903 331-352

„ Terms, Glossary of 360-366

Poor Prisoners' Defence Act 312

Popes of Rome 19

Population and Representation 202

Portugal, Kings of 19

Postal Rates 2

Post Office, General 68

Press, The Unionist 318-830

Prime Ministers since 1702 33

Privy Council Office 63

„ Seal, Office of Lord 64

Prussia, Kings of 19

Public Works Loan Commission 64



Queen Anne's Bounty Board



.. 64



Railway and Canal Traffic Commission 64

Record Office, The PubUc 66

Register Office, The General 65

Registration of Electors 1, 232-283

Registration Appeals 234

Representation and Population 202

Royal Commissions 71, 72

,, Family, The 28

„ Grants 24

,, Household, Officers of 27

,, Income, Taxes on the 25

Russia, Emperors of 19



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XIV



INDEX.



(Note — The Parliamentary Summary, Lists of Public Bills, Parliamentary Papers,
etc., being arranged in alphabetical order, the various items are not separately inserted
in the general index. A separate index of Statistical Tables is given on page 437.)



PAGE

SCOTLAND— Crofters' CommigBion «6

Education, Committee of 05

Licensing Act 310

Local Government Board 66

Lord Advocate of 66

Secretary for, Office of 65

Sewage Treatment and Disposal Commission 71

Societies, Associations, &c 357-359

Solicitor-General, The 66

South African Loan and War Contribution

Act 810

Sovereign, Power and Function of the 22

. Sovereigns, Dynasties, and Governments 18

Spain, Sovereigns of 19

Stationery Office, The 66

Statistical Tables 368-436

Statutes of 1903 307-313

Steward, The Lord 66

„ The Lord High 66

Sugar Convention Act 300

Sweden and Norway, Kings of 19



PAOE

Telegrams, Rates for 2

Tidal Constants 16

Time, Differences of 16

Trade, Board of 66

„ Disputes Commission 72

Treasury, Office of the 68

Trinity House, The 69

Turkey, Sultans of 19

Tuberculosis Commission 72

United States, Presidents of 19

University Terms 1



Votes Recorded at Elections, 1874-1900 . . 198-200



Wales, Household of Prince and Princess of . . 27

War Office, The 69

Woods and Forests Office 70

Works and Public Buildings Commission 70



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CENTRAL CONSERVATIVE ORGANISATIONS.



CONSERVATIVE CENTRAL CFFICE.

ST. STEPHEN'S CHAMBERS,
BRIDGE STREET, WESTMINSTER, 8.W.



(Telephone, 3163, Gerrard. Telegrams, "Conservative, London.")

PRINCIPAL AGENT:
CAPTAIN LIONEL de L. WELLS, R.N.

SECRETARY :
C. G. HENNINGS.

AGENTS:

Scotland Lt.-Col. A. B. Haig, C.M.G., St. Stephen's Chambers.

• SW..

England and Wales —

Eastern Counties ...Captain J. H. Kennedy, 2, Red well Street, Norwich.

Home Counties Captain T. J. Tailby, St. Stephen's Chambers, S.W

Lancashire d Cheshire G. H. Croston, 27, Corporation Street, Manchester.

Midland Counties, ..J. C. Shaw, Salisbury Chambers, Union Street,
Birmingham.

Northern CoMw«i^«... Commander E. H. Currey, R.N., 17, Eldon Square,

Newcastle-on- Tyne.
Wales, South D. M. James, Rhiwbwys, Llanrhystyd, Aberystwyth.

Western Counties,.. Vi. H, Meredyth, Conservative Club, Old Market

Street, Bristol.
Yorkshire F. C. Wyvidl, 19, East Parade, Leeds.



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CENTRAL CONSERVATIVE ORGANISATIONS — continued.

THE NATIONAL UNION OF CONSERVATIVE AND
CONSTITUTIONAL ASSOCIATIONS, ENGLAND.

ST, STEPHEN'S CHAMBERS, WESTMINSTER, S.W.
* (Telegraphic Address, " Constitute, London.")

President (1908-4)-DUKE OF NORFOLK, K.G.

Chairman of Council (1903-4)— COL. H. F. BOWLES, M.P.
Honorary Secretary- C APT. L. de L. WELLS, R.N.
Secretary—A B. SOUTHALL.



THE NATIONAL UNION OF CONSERVATIVE
ASSOCIATIONS, SCOTLAND.

9, CASTLE STREET, EDINBURGH.

Branch Office— 100, WELLINGTON STREET, GLASGOW.
(Telegraphic Address, " Conservative, Edinburgh.")
President (1903-4)— GEORGE YOUNGER.
Hon. Secretaries —
M. P. FRASER. I COL. FORBES MACKAT.

dliCTOR MACLEOD. | GEO. H. ROBB.

Secretari/—V. W. BALLINGALL.

THE PRIMROSE LEAGUE.

64, VICTORIA STREET, S.W.
Grand Mobster —
Vice-Master— -RIGB.T HON. A. J. BALFOUR, M.P.

Chancellor— JjOBD WILLOUGHBY de ERE SB Y, M.P.

Vice-Chancellor— G. S. LANE-FOX.

Registrar—'^. HAIGH.



THE ASSOCIATION OF CONSERVATIVE CLUBS.

ST. STEPHEN'S CHAMBERS, WESTMINSTER, S.W.

Chairman— ^IR A. ACLAND-HOOD, BART, M.P.
Secretary— EJJQiB, BRYAN.



THE UNITED CLUB.

4, MITRE COURT BUILDINGS, TEMPLE, E.C.

President— lEUGBJI HON. A. J. BALFOUR, M.P.
Chairman^B. A. GOULDING, M.P.
Hon. Secretary— W. W. GRANTHAM.



THE NATIONAL CONSERVATIVE LEAGUE.

9, BROUGHTON ROAD, THORNTON HEATH, SURREY.

Grand Master— BIOBT HON. SIR W. HART DYKE, BART., M*P.

Grand Secretary— F H. RELTON.



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THE CONSTITUTIONAL YEAR BOOK,

1904.

(BISSEXTILE OR LEAP YEAR.)



COMMON NOTES FOR 1904.

•Ooldw Number V , Dominical Letters CB

Spact IS Boman Indiotion 2

^larCjele 9 | Julian Period (Tear of) tf617

ECLIPSES.

In the year 1904 there will be two eclipses, both of the Sun.
L An annular eclipse of the Sun, March 16th, invisible at Greenwich.
2. A totol eclipse of the Sun, September 9th, invisible at Greenwich.



FESTIVALS, ANNIVERSARIES, Ac.



Epiphany

Russian New Tear


Jan. 6


„ 18


king's Accession (1901) .
Septuagesima Sunday


.! 22


M 31


Quinquagesima— Shrove Sunday


Feb. 14


Ash Wednesday


» 17


<inadrage8ima— First Sunday in Lent


„ 21


«t. David's Day


March 1


St. Patrick's Day


.. 17


Annunciation— Lady Day


„ 25


Palm Sunday


M 27


Good Friday


April 1


Easter Sunday


,, 8




„ 10


€lt. George's Day


,* 28



Rogation Sunday May

Ascension Day— Holy Thursday «.

Pentecost— Whit Sunday „

Birth of Queen Victoria (1819) .. .. „

Trinity Sunday

Prince of Wales' Birthday (1866)
Accession of Queen Victoria (1887)

BOdsummerDay

King's Coronation Day (1902) . .

Michaelmas Day

King's Birthday (1841) ..

First Sunday in Advent

St. Andrew's Day ,

Christmas Day Sunday, Dec.



June



Aug..
Sept.
Nov.



The Gregorian or New Style is 12 days in front of the Julian or Old Style. Thus in Russia, where
ihe Julian Calendar is still in use, our loth March is the 8rd March.



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