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system, he had done everything possible to assist the inventor, but he could not grant
him an exclusive and permanent privilege for wireless telegraphy. The Post Office
would collect wireless messages when the Marconi Company were able to carry on
the business efficiently, June 8.

Preferential Tariffs. — See under Finance.
Protection and Free Trade. — See under Finance.
Railways. — See under Agriculture, Labour Questions, and Supply.
L— Royal Declaration BiU.r-Barl Grey (L.U.) moved the 2nd R. of a Bill to
abolish the Declaration required to be made by the Sovereign on his accession. He
contended that it was unreasonable to keep it on the Statute-book, as it was superfluous
and unnecessary.— The Abp. of Canterbury agreed that the matter could not remain
indefinitely in its present position. The nation had made up its mind that the Sovereign
should not belong to the Romish communion, and every reasonable security ought to
be provided to that effect. A public declaration ought not to be used which could cause
pain to members of that communion. The terms of the existing Declaration gave
needless pain, and were an anachronism to-day. But the remedy was not to abolish
the Declaration, but to require some kind of undertaking to be given by the Sovereign,
and the Declaration need not repudiate or denounce anything at all. — ^Lord LlandafE
<G.) said the safeguards in the Act of Settlement and the Bill of Rights were sufficient-

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L— Royal Declaration BiU— continued.
to secure the Protestant succession. — Lord Robertson (C.) hoped the House would abide
by the Declaration until it could be satisfactorily amended. — ^The Duke of Norfolk (C.)
said Catholics objected, not to the Declaration, but to the strong expressions in it. — ^The
Duke of Devonshire, for the Govt., said that many loyal subjects would object to the
removal of the Declaration as a most valuable security for the Protestant succession.
The Govt, policy was declared plainly in 1901, viz., to retain the Declaration in sub-
stance and essence, and to remove the expressions which were offensive to the feelings
of the Roman Catholics. The Bill of that year was lost owing to the attitude assumed
by the Roman Catholic Peers, from which they did not appear to have departed.
If they should modify their views as to the alteration of the Declaration the Govt.
would, on a fitting opportunity, renew their proposal. — Lord Rosebery agreed with this
statement. The attitude of the Roman Catholic peers rendered a settlement impossible.
The Protestant faith could not be satisfactorily defined without denouncing some of the
doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church. He hoped that the Govt, might secure the
co-operation of the Bishops and the Roman Catholic peers in amending the Declaration.
—The 2nd R. was negatived by 109 to 62. June 25.

Russia. — See under Army, China, Foreign Policy, and Turkey.

C — Scotland. — Deer Forests. — In the debate on the Address, Mr. Weir (L.)
moved that the unrestricted extension of deer forests in the Highland crofting counties
was detrimental to the welfare of the population. — The amendment was rejected by
158 to 98. Feb. 20.

♦Education. — The Scottish Education Vote was considered in Supply. — Mr. A. G.
Murray (C), Lord Advocate, gave the usual explanation of the work of the past year,
and a general discussion took place. June 18.

♦Licensing Bill. — Mr. Murray (C), Ld. Advocate, introduced a Bill to apply
generally the principles of the English Act of 1902 to Scotland, and to give further
powers to licensing authorities in counties, with a right of appeal from their decisions. —
Read a first time. Mar. 4.

On the 2nd R., Mr. Ure (L.) moved that no Bill would be satisfactory which did not
provide for direct popular control of the liquor traffic. — Mr. Dickson (C), Sol.-GenL,
said that the principle of compensation, together with local option, had not been before
the electors, and that the Bill gave greater facilities for the exercise of public opinion
than heretofore. Sir H. C. Bannerman (L.) said the Bill could only be accepted as an
instalment/ He objected to the constitution of the Appeal Courts, but as he wished the
Bill to pass, deprecated the introduction of the question of compensation. — Eventually
the amendt. was withdrawn, and the 2nd R. agreed to. — The Lord Advocate moved
that the Bill be referred to the Standing Committee on Trade, to which Sir R. Reid
(L.) moved an amendt. to send it to a Committee of the Scotch members, with 15
others nominated by the Committee of Selection. — The Lord Advocate opposed the
proposal as subversive of established practice. — Sir H. C. Bannerman supported it as
an experiment. — Mr. A. Balfour refused to entertain it, as tending to grand com-
mittees on national lines, and the accentuation of national divisions. — Amendt. nega-
tived by 121 to 51. Apl. 6.

On the return of the Bill from Grand Committee it was considered on Report.
New clauses providing for the forfeiture of licences in certain cases and prescribinsr the
duties of the police were agreed to. — Mr. Crombie (L.) moved to prohibit the issue of any
new grocers' licences. — Rejected by 102 to 64-. — Mr. Munro-Ferguson proposed that any
person canvassing for a licence should be liable to a penalty. — Rejected by 146 to 83. —
Mr. Galloway (C.) moved a clause sanctioning the sale of liquors at railway stations
when public-houses were closed. — Carried by 148 to .117. — Other amendments were
considered. July 13.

The Bill was further considered on Report, and the hour for opening licensed pre- '
mises was fixed at 8 o'clock (after a division). — The Bill was read a third time. Jidi/ 22.

L — The Bill having passed the 2nd R. unopposed, was considered in Committee. —
Lord Kinnaird (L.U.) moved an amendt. to CI. 41, empowering the licensing courts to
regulate or prevent the employment of barmaids. — ^Withdrawn after debate.-^The Bill
passed through Committee. Aw;. ^.

The Bill ultimately passed into law (see Statutes, 3 Edw. VII., cap. 25, post).

Servla.— Lord Lansdowne and Mr. Balfour respectively announced the receipt of
information as to the assassination of the King and Queen of Ser\na. June 12.

C— Mr. Balfour stated that diplomatic relations with Servia came ipso facto to an end
when the King of Servia died, as our representative was accredited to him. June 16.

Mr. Balfour said the Government had considered whether they should mark their
reprobation of the crime that had disgraced the Servian capital by withdrawing his
Majesty's representative from Belgrade. For the present it had been decided that he
should remain at his post ; but he would not be accredited to the new Government at
present. June 17.

Session of Parliament. — See under Parliamentary Session.

CT-Shippingf.— Foreign Bounties. — Mr. C. McArthur (L.U.) called attention to the
detrimental effect of foreign shipping, &c., on British and Colonial trade, and the need

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Q — Sliippinfif— Foreign Bounties — continued.
for a closer commercial union between the mother country and the colonies. — ^The House
was "counted out." Mar. 17.

C — ^Ijghthovsbs Bill. — ^Mr. McArthur (L.U.) moved the 2nd B. of a Bill to
transfer the control of lighthouses, buoys, and beacons to the Board of Trade, to
abolish light dues, and to provide for the maintenance of the light services out of
public funds. — ^After debate, Mr. Ritchie (C), Chancellor of the Exchr., said he could
not assent to the transfer of this burden to the Exchequer. The amount paid was
£500,000 a year, of which £170,000 was paid by foreigners.— The Bill was rejected by
114 to 103. Apl. 3.

L — *LoAD LiNB CioMMiTTEB. — ^Lord Wolvcrton (L.U.) moved the appointment of a
Select Committee to inquire whether British ships went to sea in an unseaworthy con-
dition by reason of insufficient or improper ballast, and whether any amendment of
the law was desirable, and, if so, to what extent it could be made to apply to foreign
vessels. — ^Agreed to. Feb. 24.

L — ^Merchant Shipping. — ^Lord Muskerry (C.) moved the 2nd R. of a Bill to restrict
the commanding and officering of British merchant ships to British subjects. — ^Lord
Wolverton (L.U.), for the Board of Trade, said the Bill was highly confcroversial, and
would form a kind of close corporation among British certified officers. — ^The 2nd R.
was negatived by 74 to 8. July 2.

Shop Hours. — See under Labour Questions.

SoMAULAND. — See under Africa, East.

C— *8urar Convention Bill.— Mr. B. Law (C), Sec. to Bd. of Trade, intro-
duced the Bill to prohibit the importation of bounty-fed sugar. Powers were ffiven to
require evidence of origin in the case of all imported sugar, and it was provided that
sugar refining should be carried on in bond. — The first reading was carried by 142
to 82. May 28.

Mr. G. Balfour (C), Pres. Bd. of Trade, moved the 2nd R. of the Bill, which he said
would enable effect to be given to the Brussels Sugar Convenfcion, which had been
approved by the House. He urged that the Convention would not increase the average
price of sugar, and that it would prevent violent fluctuations. It would also check the
effect of the Cartel systeou of Austrian and German traders, which operated to create
dangerous bounties and iniure British trade. — Mr. Lough (L.) moved the rejection of the
Bill, contending that the Cfonvention would be of no effect unless it caused a rise in price,
and that it would only benefit Germany and not our West Indian colonies. — ^Mr. T.
Bowles (C.) seconded the amendt., and Sir J. Gorst (C.) also opposed the Bill as
limiting the authority of the House over trade questions. — Mr. Bryce (L.) argued that
if foreigners chose to give bounties they only injured themselves, and that unless the
price of sugar were raised, the West Indian colonies would gain no advantage. — Mr. ii.
Law (C), Sec. Bd. of Trade, contended that the Bill would revive a once flourishing
industry, and would give the West Indies a fair field for their produce. July 28.

Mr. Boscawen (C.) asserted that the increased production of cane sugar would soon
redress any temporary increase of prices. — Mr. Churchill (C.) opposed the Bill on the
ground that it was contrary to the principle of Free Trade, and as certain to raise
the price of sugar. If it did not the colonial producer would be no better off. It
would be cheaper to assist the colonies by money grants than by the methods proposed
in the Bill. — Sir H. C. Bannerman believed that the bounty system would ultimately
destroy itself, and that a Free Trade country had no need to interfere with it, as it
had benefited British consumers and manufacturers alike. The Bill would not benefit
the West Indian colonies, whose natural market was the United States. He ascribed
the Bill to the influence of one dominant will. It gave up the right to fix preferential
duties as against other countries, a right which Mr. Chamberlain said was essential
to the preservation of the Empire. Our freedom was compromised, and our affairs
placed in the hands of a foreign Commission. — ^Mr. Chamberlain replied. He asserted
that the Opposition were divided among themselves, and though desiring to extinguish
bounties had done nothing to that end. The Bill gave us the power to choose between
countervailing duties and prohibition. Our interests were to maintain sugar at as
low a price as possible, and the abolition of bounties would secure stable prices, without
endangering other interests such as those of the jam trade. The bounties had made
our refineries unprofitable, while foreign refineries had increased their output sevenfold.
The Bill would secure free trade in sugar and increase the sources of supply by protecting
us against monopoly, besides beine a tardy act of justice to our own colonies and to a
great British industry. — ^The 2nd ft. was carried by 224 to 144. JtUy 29.

The Bill was considered in Committee, and numerous hostile amendments were nega-
tived after divisions. Aug. 4.

The Committee stage was resumed, and further amendments were discussed until
3 a.m., being negatived on divisions — The Bill passed through Committee. Aug. 5, 6.

The Bill passed its 3rd R. by 119 to 57. Aua. 7.

L— The 2nd R. was carried, after debate, by 108 to 16, Aug. 10, and the 3rd R.
was also agreed to (see Statute*, 3 Edw. VII., cap. 21, post.)— See also under Supply.


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C — ^Supply. — ^The Civil Service Supplementary Estimates were considered, and
votes for Royal Palaces and Marlborough House, for prisons, for the entertainment of
the Indian Coronation guests and other services were agreed to. Mar, 2.

RoTAL Palaces. — On this vote Mr. J. Dewar (L.) moved a reduction as a protest
against the Lord High Commissioner to the Church of Scotland, Lord Leven, moving
his official headquarters from the Holyrood Palace. — ^Mr. Fellowes (C), for the Office of
Works, explained that the drains at the palace required repairing, and that the Hi^li
Commissioner's consequent action would not be regarded as a precedent. — ^After dis-
cussion Uie motion was negatived by 100 to 61. — ^Among the subjects debated, were the
pictures at Hampton Court, and the Naval College at Osborne.— Other votes were
agreed to. ApL 21.

Stationbrt Orncai.— -On this vote Mr. C. Hay (C.) raised the question of employment
and wages. His motion to reduce the vote was negatived by 109 to 55. — ^The vote was
ultimately passed after another division. Apl. 21.

Boabd of Traob.— On this vote Sir E. Strachey (L.^ moved a reduction, and pressed
the Board to reduce the rates for agricultural produce. The administration of the
Railways Act for the prevention of accidents was also discussed. — Mr. G. Balfour said
that the proportion of accidents to the number of men at work had declined in recent
years. Additional sub-inspectors would be appointed if experience should show its
necessity^. As regards railway rates, the aggrieved traders might complain to the
Board of Trade, but no such complaints.had been received.— Mr. Hanbury stated that
seme complaints had been forwarded to the Board of Trade (through the Board of
Agriculture). Agriculturists might form themselves into an association and resort to
joint action. — ^Major Seely (C.) advocated the adoption of wireless telegraphy between
lightships and the shore. — ^Mr. G. Balfour said this could not at present be done. He
announced that the contributions made by the shipping interest towards the mainten-
ance of lighthouses would be reduced, also that the Govt, had in view the means of
putting pressure on the shipping companies to reduce the rates to South Africa. — ^The
reduction was negatived by 206 to 90, and the vote was agreed to. ApL 22.

Supreme Court. — On this vote a reduction was moved by Mr. Buchanan (L.) on the
ground that appointments in the Law Courts should be under competitive examination.
— ^Negatived 178 to 83. — ^Vote agreed to.

Land Registry. — On the vote for this Dept., Sir A. RoUit (C.) asked for an inquiry to
ascertain how far the Act of 1897 had been successful. — After discussion a reduction of
the vote, moved by Mr. Whitley (L.) was rejected by 215 to 92.— Vote agreed to.

Metropolitan Police. — ^This vote was passed after a discussion on various subjects
eonnected therewith. May 21.

Customs. — ^A motion to reduce this vote was negatived by 96 to 37, after a discussion
on the Com Tax and Sugar Convention.

Scibntipic Inquxribs. — On this vote Mr. Dalziel (L.) moved a reduction, and asked
for an inquiry into the allegations of extravagance in connection with the Antarctic
expedition. — ^Negatived by 119 to 36, and the vote was passed. June 8.

Local Government Board. — On this vote discussion took place on the law respecting
death certificates, the treatment of Poor Law Children, and the speed of motor cars.
—Mr. Scares (L.) moved a reduction in regard to the latter question. — ^Mr. Long stated
that he was in favour of removing the speed limit and of throwing upon the driver
the full responsibility of the public safety like other drivers. He fully recognized the
need for legislation. — ^Other subjects were discussed, and after a division the vote was
agreed to. June 10.

Home Opficb. — On this vote, discussion took place on the administration of the
Factory Acts, being opened by Sir C. Dilke. — Mr. Asquith hoped the Home Secretary
would be able to deal with dangerous trades, and to enlarge the female inspecting
staff.— Mr. Akers-Douglas said he should spare no effort to combat the evil of lead-
poisoning. He was not prepared to provide for the inspection of conventual laundries.

Mr. Ellis (L.) spoke of the Vivisection Act, and Mr. McNeill (N.) described the
laboratories of physiologists as " torture dens." — Sir M. Foster (L.) resented this refer-
ence, and defended the medical profession against the charge of inhumanity. — ^Mr.
Akers-Douglas said the greatest precautions were taken in the administration of the
Act. — An amendt. by Capt. Norton (L.) on the subject of police pay was negatived by
110 to 21. June 25.

Irish Estimates. — ^The Votes for Educntion, Agriculture and Technical Instruction,
Law Charges, and others were discussed. July 20.

The Irish Estimates were considered, and at 10 p.m. the closure: rule came into
force, and the remaining votes were put seriatim by the Chairman, and carried after
eight divisions, in which the Govt, majorities varied from 124 to 130. Aug. 6.

The business of Supply came to an end at 10 p.m., when the remaining financial
resolutions were put to the vote, and were carried by substantial majorities. Aug, 10.

See also under Army, Navy, Post Oppice, etc.

Taripf Reporm. — ^See under Finance.

C— Trade, The ^ard of.— Mr. Hoult (C.) moved that the constitution of the Board
was obsolete, and that a department presided over by a Minister of Commerce and

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S— Trade, The Board of— continued.
jstry with the statut of a principal Secretary of State should be substituted. — ^Aftet
discussion, Mr. Ritchie (C), Chan, of Exchr., said there was a general desire that the
status of the Board should be raised, but its mere transformation into a department
under a Secretary of State would not produce any special benefit. The Govt, would
grant an inquiry, but not by a Select Clommittee of the House. — ^Withdrawn. Mar. 3.

Trade IJNioNS.^^ee under Labour Questions.

Transvaal. — See under Africa, S.

L — Turkey.: — Lord Newton (C.) called attention to correspondence respecting the
affairs of South-Eastern Europe, and the Bishop of Hereford referred to published
descriptions of outrages in Macedonia. — Lord Lansdowne (L.U.), Foreign Secretary,
said H.M. Govt, were not indifferent to the condition of things in Macedonia, and ta
the consequences of Turkish misrule. The Bulgarian Govt, had taken measures to stop
the agitation of the revolutionary committees, and H.M. Govt, had made earnest
representations to the Porte as to the outrages in Macedonia. Russia and Austria had
specially interested themselves in Turkish reforms with the knowledge of the other
Powers, and H.M. Govt, had readily acquiesced in the proposed scheme of reform,
which, though not complete, contained many useful provisions. — ^Lord Spencer (L.) said
he hoped they would join with other Powers in seeing that the reforms were carried
out. Mar. 13.

•C— A short discussion on the subjettt took place on a vote on account. Mar. 23.

L — Lord Lansdowne explained the negotiations in progress with Turkey as to the
demarcation of the boundaries of the British sphere of influence to the north of Aden.
He announced that the Turkish troops had been withdrawn from the disputed territory^
and that the work of delimitation was proceeding. Mar. 30.

C — On the motion for adjournment over Easter, Mr. Balfour stated that the condition
of the Balkan Peninsula was a recurring anxiety to Europe. The Govt, were closely
watching affairs in Macedonia. Austria and Russia, the two Powers most interested,
were co-operating to introduce reform, and what they could not do by joint action could
probably not be done at all. H.M. Govt, were exercising all their influence in the same
direction. As to the Baghdad railway, the time had not yet come for a statement.
No doubt the railway would sooner or later be made, and the main point was whether
British interests should be as largely represented in the venture as those of other Powers.
If the railway was built it would be the shortest route to India, and it ought not there-
fore to be entirely in French and German hands. Apl. 8.

Mr. Balfour stated that the Govt, did not approve of the Turkish Convention
relating to the Anatolian Railway Company (Baghdad line), which proposed to place the
scheme under German control. They had also declined to give any assurances as to-
the policy which they might adopt. Apl. 23.

L — Lord Lansdowne made a statement as to the Baghdad Railway. He said the
Govt, had considered the possibility of obtaining the substitution of a line of an inter-
national character instead of a purely German system, under guarantees which would
secure permanently its international character and likewise with security for the com-
merce of all nations to have free and equal treatment. As to the Persian Gulf our policy
should be directed, first to protecting and promoting British trade, but not excluding
the legitimate trade of other powers. In the third place, H.M. Govt, would regard the
establishment of a naval base or of a fortified port in the Persian Gulf by any other
Power as a very grave menace to British interests ; and they would certainly resist it by
all the means at their disposal. As far as he was aware, no such proposals were on foot.
Our commercial relations with Persia was engaging consideration, particularly the Cus-
toms tariff, with a view to the protection of British interests. Whenever railways were
made in Persia we had a right to construiit them in the southern part of the country.
That was a binding engagement on the part of Persia. Mau 5.

The state of affairs in Macedonia was the subject of discussion on the day when
Parliament was prorogued. Aug. 14.

See also under Foreign Policy.

C — Venesnela. — Lord Cranborne (C), Under Secretary, said that at the beginning
of 1902, H.M. Govt, knew that Germany intended to resort to coercion in Venezuela^
and that in July Ministers decided that it might be necessary on our side to take
action. The first definite proposal as to co-operation came from the German Ambassador.
— See also under Address. Feb. 19.

L — Lord Tweedmouth (L.) called attention to the Blue-book on Venezuela, and moved
for further papers. He said the results of the co-operation with Germany were very
inadequate, and that the policy of H.M. Govt, was unusual, ill-considered, and rash. —
Lord Lansdowne (L.U.), Foreign .Secy., said that great inconvenience would have
arisen if Great Britain and Germany had taken measures of coercion separately, with-
out previous understanding. The allegation that we were collecting the debts of Uie
bond-holders was a complete exaggeration. We had demanded compensation for
British subjects being stripped and beaten, or landed on desert islands. The bond-
holders' claims were on a different level. Both Powers had insisted upon the
settlement of the " first-class " claims, but agreed as to other questions to accept

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C~~VeneBTiela — continued.
arbitration at The Hague. This was a reasonable agreement. Nothing had been done
to oflEend the susceptibilities of the United States, or to upset the Monroe doctrine. —
Lord Rosebery (L.) said that if persons lent money to certain States they should do so
at their own risk. He condemned the conduct of the Govt, in dealing with the
tenderest of American susceptibilities, and he 'did not approve of the agreement with
Germany, and hoped there would be no further similar engagement. — ^The Duke of
Devonshire (L.U.), Lord President, said that H.M. Govt, had knowledge that the U. S.
Govt, would not consider any such measures as we had in contemplation, in co-operation
with the German Govt., as being an infraction of the Monroe doctrine, unless they were

Online LibraryNational Unionist Association of Conservative andThe Constitutional year book → online text (page 55 of 77)