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* The Acts marked by an asterisk were introduced by the Gove^-nment.
The dates are those on which the Boyal Assent was given.



CAP. L BANK H0LIDA7 (IRELAND) ACT.

(Introduced by SIr. O'Masa, N.)

The Act makes provision for the 17tH March being an annual Bank Holiday in
Ireland.— ^7<A March,

2. LIGHT LOCOMOTIVES (IR£LAND) ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. Scorr-MoNTAau, C.)

The object of this Act was to legalise the motor-car races held in Ireland in the
summer of 1903.— 27«A March.

3. "CONSOLIDATED FUND (No. 1) ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. Bitchie, C.)

The Act authorised the due application of certain money out of the Consolidated
Fund, for the service of the financial years 1902-4. — 21th March.

4. «ARMT (ANNUAL) ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. Bbodbick, C.)

This is the annual Act to provide for the discipline and regulation of the Army. —
30«A April.

5. "BERWICKSHIRE COUNTY TOWN ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. A. G. Mxtbbay, C.)

To constitute the town of Duns as the head borough or county town of Berwick-
shire. — "S^h June.

6. *NAVAL FORCES ACT.

(Introduced by Mr. Arnold-Forster, L.U.)

An Act to provide for the constitution of a Boyal Naval Volunteer Reserve, and
a force of Boyal Marine Volunteers, &c.

It gives power to the Admiralty to raise and maintain a Volunteer reserve under
the provisions of the Act of 1859 (22 and 23 V., c. 4-0), and to make regulatioxp for
the service. Also to raise and maintain a force of Boyal Marine Volunteers, who
would be subject to the Volunteer Acts, and when subject to military law, would
be tmder the Army Act as it applies to the Boyal Marines. When called out for
actual service, or voluntarily serving afloat, they would be available for service beyond
the seas, and would receive pay as in the Boyal Navy or Marines.

The Act further provides for the engagement of men or boys in the Navy for a
period not exceeding 12 years, and gives the Admiralty power to pass them into the
Beserve after a certain term of such service. The number of men in the Reserve is
not to be limited.— 30fA Jum,



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308 THE STATUTES OF 190S^ Continued,

7. COAL MINES REGULATION ACT (AxnendniMit Act).
(Imtroduoed by Mb. S. Evans, L.)
The Act pranribes further qualifications for certificates of fitness for managers or
under-managert of mines, in addition to those contained in the principal Act. —
30^^ Jun€,

8. "FINANCE ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. Bitchib, G.)

The Act embodied the financial changes introduced in the Budget of 1903 as
follows : —

Sec. 1. — ^The duty on grain and ^^Jier articles, imposed in 1902, was abolished.

Sec. 5. — The income tax was reduced from Is. 3d. to lid. in the £.

Sec. 6. — The amount of the permanent annual charge for the National Debt was
fixed at 27 instead of 23 millions.

Other taxes and duties remain as befors. — ^30^^ June.

9. "COUNTY COUNCILS (BILLS IN PARLIAMENT) ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. W. Long, C.)

This is an Act to empower County Councils to promote Bills in Parliament, and
to charge the expenses upon the local rates, subject to an appeal to the i^ocal
Government Board. — 21at July,

10. "EDUCATION (PROVISION OF WORKING BALANCES) ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. W. Long, C.)

The Act enables a local authority to borrdw money under Sec. 19 of the Education
Act, 1902, to provide working balances for carrying that Act into effect. — 21«£ July.

11. "CONTRACTS aNDIA OFFICE) ACT.
(Introduced by Lobd 6. Hamilton, C.)

An Act to remove doubts as to the mode of execution of certain contracts entered
into on behalf of the Secretary of State for India in Council. — 21«e Jidy.

12. POST OFnCE (MONET ORDERS) ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. H. Heaton, C.)

Under this Act the maximum amount for which postal orders may be issued is
raised to 21s. — 21«« July.

13. ELEMENTARY EDUCATION AMENDMENT ACT.
(Introduced by Lobd Reay, L.)

The Act enables the Board of Education to make rules for certifying any estab-
lishment for boarding and lodging defective and epileptic children, under 15 in
number.— 21a< July,

li. "BOROUGH FUNDS ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. W. Long, C.)

An Acfc to amend the Borough Funds Act of 1872, by making regulations for taking
a poll of the electors in such cases as that condition precedent is required, for deciding
on the promotion or otherwise of Bills in Parliament. — Wth August.

15. "LOCAL GOVERNMENT (TRANSFER OF POWERS) ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. W. Long, C.)

The 10th Section of the Local Government Act of 1888 is by this Act amended
so as to prescribe the course of procedure in regard to the transfer of powers to
County Councils. — Wth August.

16. "PUBLIC OFFICES SITE (DUBLIN) ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. A. Eluot, L.U.)

To provide for the acquisition of land m Dublin for the proposed Royal College
of Science and other buildings. — 11th August.



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THE STATUTES OF 190S - continued, 309

17. *MBTROPOLITAN STREETS ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. Axbbs-Douglas, G.)

This Act enables the police authorities to make regulations for controlling the
public collection of money for charitable or other purposes in the London streets. —
llth August.

18. PISTOLS ACT.
(Introduced by Mr. Hblhb, L.)

To regulate the sale and use of pistols and other firearms. It is rendered unlaw-
ful! to sell a pistol, or to let one on hire, to any person who (1) cannot produce a gun
or game licence ; (2) cannot prove that he is entitled to use a gun under Sec. 7 of the
Gun Licence Act, 1870 ; (3) is not a householder proposing to use it in his own house,
or going abroad.

A register is to be kept by the seller of the names and addresses of purchasers.

A fine up to £5 for contravention of the Act is imposed.

Persons under 18 are prohibited from purchasing pistols, and the sale of pistols
to them is prohibited; also the sale to insane or intoxicated persons.

The Act applies to England and Scotland but not to Ireland. — llth August.

19. «POOR LAW (DISSOLUTION OF SCHOOL DISTRICTS AND ADJUSTMENTS) ACT.

(Introduced by Mr. J. G. Lawson, C.)

The Act empowers the dissolution of School Boards formed under the Poor Law
Acts, and facilitates adjustments or alterations of areas or authorities under those
kcin.—llth August.

M. "PATRIOTIC FUND RE-ORGANISATION ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. Fbbttman, C.)

An Act to re-organize the administration of the Patriotic Fund, by establishing
the Royal Patriotic Ftmd Corporation as a body corporate, representative in character,
dissolving the Patriotic Fund Commission, and transferring all its property and
duties to the new bod^. The constitution of the latter is regulated by a Schedule,
which sets out the various bodies having power to nominate members, the mode of
filling vaoancies, and the functions of the Council and Executive Committee. —
llth August.

21. "SUGAR CONVENTION ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. G. Balfoub, C.)

An Act to give effect to the Sugar Convention of 5th March, 1902. The Con-
vention, the outcome of an international congress at Brussels, is by this Act
incorporated as part of the law. The Act gives power to the Privy Council to
prohibit the entry of sugar from any bounty-giving country, or in lieu of prohibition.
Parliament may impose a special countervailing duty. It also provides for the
issue of regulations for supervising sugar factories and refineries at home, which
are to be under the control of the Commissioners of Customs or Inland Beyenue. —
llth Auguti.

22. "NAVAL WORKS ACT.
(Introduced by Mr. Pbbtyman, 0.)

The Act authorises the issue of money to the extent of £7,966,000 for defraying the
cost of works scheduled therein, under the terms of previous Naval Works Acts.
The works include those for the enclosure and defence of harbours at Gibraltar,
Portland, Dover, and Malta, for adapting various naval ports to the needs of the
fleet, and for naval barracks, hospitals, magazines, and the installation of electric
power in naval establishments. — llth August.

23. "IRELAND DEVELOPMENT GRANT ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. G. Wyndhait, C.)

This Act provides for a special grant to be used for the purpose of development
of Ireland. The money, £185,000 a year, is to be applied to purposes authorised by
the Land Act of 1903.



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310 THE STATUTES OF 190 fi— Continued.

94. «EDUCATIOH (LONDON) ACT.
(Iniroduoed by Sm W. Anson, L.TJ.)

ThiB Act extends to London the provisions of the Education Act, 1902, with
certain special adaptations.

The principal variation from the Act of 1902 concerns the appointment of managers
and the provision of sites for new schools. As regards the body of managers, two-
Uiirds are to be appointed by the Borough Councils, and one-third by the County
Council, and due regard is to be had to the inclusion of women to the extent of
one-third of the whole body, and of members chosen from the existing managers.
The Board of Education may give directions to this efEect.

As regards sites, the County Council is to consult with the Borough Council as
to the selection of any site, subject to the decision of the Board in case of difEerence.

The principal Act is also modified in some minor points to meet the special
circumstances of London. — 11th August.

25. *LI0£NSINO (SCOTLAND) ACT.
(Introduced by Mr. A. G. Mttbkay, C.)

An Act to consolidate with amendments the laws relating to Licensing in Scotland.

This statute consolidates the provisions of some 12 Acts of Parliament, and con-
stitutes a complete licensing code for Scotland. Many important amendments have
also been introduced into the law, especially those referring to the constitution of
the licensing and appeal courts, the regulation of closing hours, and the registration
of clubs. — lAth August.

26. ^MARRIAGES LEGALISATION ACT.

(Introduced by Mr. Cochrane, L.U.)

The Act renders valid marriages heretofore solemnised in certain places respecting
which doubts have arisen. — 14t^ August.

27. *SOUTH AFRICAN LOAN AND WAR CONTRIBUTION ACT.

(Introduced by Mr. Bitchib, C.)

The Act empowers the Treasury to guarantee interest up to 3 per cent, on a loan
issued by the Transvaal, of 35 millions, for the purpose (1) of defraying existing
liabilities (6 millions); (2) acquiring the railways in the Transvaal and Orange River
(14 millions); (3) repatriation and compensation (5 millions); and (4) development
schemes (10 millions).

Any sums repaid to H.M. Govt, by the Transvaal out of the loan on account of
advances made during the war are to be paid into the Exchequer, up to 3 million
pounds, and the balance to the National Debt Commissioners to meet Exchequer Bonds
or Treasury Bills. Any sums paid by the Transvaal or Orange River Colony as a
war contribution shall be paid to the National Debt Commissioners and applied in
paying off securities created under the War Loans Act. — lUh August.

28. "PUBLIC WORKS LOAN ACT.
(Introduced by Mr. A. Eluot, L.TJ.)

An Act to grant money for the purpose of certain Local Loans out of the Local
Loans Fund, and for other purposes relating thereto. — lAth August.

29. *imJTAR7 WORKS ACT.

(Introduced by Mr. Buodrick, C.)

An Act to authorise the Treasury to borrow money up to four millions for the
purpose of military works nemied in a Schedule, viz., defence works, barracks,
artillery and rifle ranges. The amount proposed to be spent in barracks in S. Africa
is £2,432,000, and at naval bases and coaling stations £2,249,000, part of which is
provided for in previous Acts. — lUh August.

30. «RAILWATS, ELECTRICAL POWER, ACT.

(Introduced by Mr. G. Balfour, C.)

The Board of Trade is empowered by this Act to make orders, on the application
of a railway company, for authorising the use of electricity as a motive power, and
the construction of generating stations, &c., and other necessary means of obtain-
ing electrical supply: also for securing the safety of the public. Public notice of
the application must be given, and any local objections are to be heard by the
Board, or a local inquiry held. — lUh August.



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THE STATUTES OF 1903 — Continued. 311

31. *BOABD OF AORICULTURE AND FISHERIES ACT.

(Introduced by Lord Onslow, C.)
This Act transfers to the Board of Agriculture the powers and duties of the Board
of Trade in regard to fisheries, including under the Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries,
the Norfolk and Suffolk Fisheries Acts, the Sea Fisheries Regulation Acts, and the
Oyster, &c.. Fisheries Acts. — lAth August.

32. *APPROPIATION ACT.
(Introduced by M». A. Elliot, L.TJ.)

An Act to apply certain sums out of the Consolidated Fund for the service of
the years 1902-4, and to appropriate the Supplies granted by Parliament. — l^th
August,

33. BURGH POLICE (SCOTLAND) ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. Ashbr, L.)

An Act to amend the law with respect to the administration of Burghs in Scotland.
It deals with the registration and formation of streets, the provision of sanitary
measures, public parks, inspection of milk, regulation of theatres, offences against
public order, &c. — lAth August.

34. TOWN COUNCILS (SCOTLAND) ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. Asheb, L.)

This Act defines the law in relation to the Parliamentary franchise of owners of
property in Scotch burghs. It. also enables the date of municipal election in fishing
burghs to be altered to suit the convenience of electors engaged in that industry. —
Mh August

35. *ISLE OF MAN (CUSTOMS) ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. Elliot, L.)

To assimilate the customs duties in the Isle of Man to those in force elsewhere in th*
United Kingdom.

36. *MOTOR CAR ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. W. Long, C.)

An Act to amend the Locomotives on Highways Act, 1886.

Under this Act penalties are imposed upon any person who drives a motor car on
a public highway recklessly, negligently, or dangerously. It gives the police power
to apprehend the driver if he refuses his name and address, or to produce his
licence, or if the car cannot be identified. The owner is bound to give any informa-
tion which may lead to the identification of a driver, and if he fails he will also be
guilty of an offence under the Act.

Every motor car is to be registered with the county or county borough councils,
and be numbered. The fee for registration of a motor car is 20s., and a motor
•<jycle 5s.

It is an offence to use an imregistered car, or to obscure the number.

No one may drive a motor car who is not licensed for the purpose. The councils
may grant annual licenses on payment of 5s. fee, and the licence must be produced
to the police, on demand, under a penalty up to £5. Motor car licences are not to be
issued to persons under 17, or for cycles under 14.

Conviction for an offence under the Act involves suspension or endorsement of
licence or disqualification.

The duty imposed upon the driver to stop in case of accident, and, if required, to
give his name and address. The penalty for contravention, for first offence, is a fine
up to £10 ; £20 for a second ; and for a third or subsequent offence imprisonment up
-to one month may be awarded.

The Local Government Board is empowered to make regulations as regards marks
of identification, registration, grant of licences, and the local councils are to comply
with the same.

The rate of speed is limited to 20 miles an hour, or to 10 miles in any place to be
specified in local regulations. Penalties are provided up to £10 for a first, £20 for
a second, and £50 for a subsequent offence against this section.

The Act comes into operation on the 1st January, 1904, and is limited to three
jrears, unless Parliament shall otherwise determine. — lAth August.



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312 THE STATUTES OF 1903 — Continued.

87. «IBISH LAND ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. Wtndham, 0.)

The main feature of this Act is that the land of Ireland may be sold by the
landlords to the tenants, the purchase-money being provided b^ the State, together
with a bonus to facilitate the transaction. The purchase-money is to be paid in cash,
instead of guaranteed land stock as heretofore, the money being raised by the issue
of guaranteed 2| per cent, stock. The amount of stock which may be so created
was estimated to amount to about 100 millions'; the bonus to be given to the land-
lords is limited by the Act to 12 millions.

The machinery for the purchase of estates hj the Land Commission and their resale
to the tenants is elaborately set out, and various safeguards are imposed, to secure
the State against loss.

Many of the details are so technical that they cannot be conveniently described
here, but generally it may be said that the Act will enable the whole of the land
in Ireland to be ultimately purchased, by advances, at the rate of five millions a year,
on terms that will allow of the landlord receiving an income not smaller than at
present, while the tenant will become the owner of the property at the end of a
term of years, paying annually a sum less than the rent he has heretofore paid.
The State is secured against failure in the pa3rment of the purchase instalments by
various provisions, chief of which is that the grants to Ireland out of the Imperial
Exchequer may be withheld for the purpose.

The Act also contains provisions for aiding the work of the Congested Districts
Board, for the improvement of estates, and for benefiting agricultural labourers.—
l^th August.

88. POOR PRISONERS' DEFENCE ACT.
(Introduced by Ms. Box7SFieij), C.)

An Act to make provision for the defence of poor prisoners.

When a poor prisoner is committed for trial and the circumstances show the
desirability, in the interests of justice, of his having legal aid in preparing and
conducting his defence, the committing magistrates may certify to that effect,
and thereupon he shall be entitled to have solicitor and counsel assigned to him, the
expenses to be defrayed in the same manner as those of a prosecution for felony,
under rules to be made by the Secretary of State. — 14-^A August,

39. *H01TSINO OF THE WORKING CLASSES ACT.

(Introduced by Mr. W. Long, C.)

Under this Act the maximum period for the repayment of money borrowed by
local authorities for the purpose ot the Housing Acts is extended to eighty years, in
lieu of sixty years as at present.

The administration of the Acts is transferred from the Home Office to the Local
Gk>vemment Board. The latter are given compulsory powers in case of the failure
of local authorities to frame improvement schemes under Farts I or 11 of the
principal Act.

Houses which are unfit for habitation, and are not capable of being made fit, may
be summarily closed by the local authority without notice to the owner.

There are special provisions applicable to London. — IHh August.

40. ^EXPIRING LAWS CONTINUANCE ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. A. Elliot, L.U.)

The Annual Act to continue various laws which otherwise would expire by
effluxion of time.—lUh August,

41. *PUBLIC BUILDINOS EXPENSES ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. A. Elliot, L.U.)

The Act authorises the issue of money up to £1,790,000 for the public buildings
enumerated in a Schedule, including works for the extension of the Patent Office,
British Museum, and Admiralty. — l(th August,

42. ♦COUNTY COURTS ACT.
(Introduced by Sm A. Bollit, C.)
The Act extends the jurisdiction of Countv Courts under certain sections of the
Act of 1888 to matters up to £100 instead of £50 as heretofore.— 14<A August.



]



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THE STATUTES OF 1903 — coniinued. 313

48. «DI8BA8B8 OF ANIUALS ACT.
(Introduced by the late Mb. Haitburt, C.)

The Aot extends the powers of the Board of Agriculture to compel the adoption
of remedies for the diieate of iheep scab.— 14<A Auffwt.

M. *OENBBAL DEALERS (IRELAND) AOT.
(Introduced by Mb. Atkinson, G.)

An Act to regulate the businem of Marine Store dealers and dealers in second-
hand goods in Ireland. It involves the licensing of such dealers and their super-
vision by the police. — lAih August.

45. 'EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN ACT.
(Introduced by Mb. Axbbs-Dougias, G.)

An Aot to make better provision for regulating the employment of children.

It empowers local authorities to make byelaws for regnilating the age below which
<)mployment is illegal, the hours of children's emi)loyment, and for prohibiting abso-
lutely, or subject to conditions, their employment in any specified occupation.

It includes powers to regulate street trading by persons under 16, either by

Erohibiting it or allowing it to be carried on under licence during certain hours,
a making such regulations the authority is to have special regard to the desirability
of preventing the employment of girls under 16 in streets or public places.

A child is not to be employed between 9 p.m. and 6 a.m. ; no child under 11 is to
be employed in street trading; and no "half timer" is to be employed in any other
occupation. General restrictions are also imposed on employment in which heavy
weights are carried, or in dangerous occupations.

The byelaws are to be subject to .the sanction of the Secretary of State.

Penalties are provided for offences against the Act, and unprotected children may
be placed under suitable care.

The employment of children under ten years of age in theatres, kc., is prohibited. —
Uth Auguit.

46. ^REVENUE ACT.

(Introduced by Mb. A. Eijjot, L.U.)

An Act to make certain amendments of the law relating to Customs and Inland
Revenue, and of the law relating to the powers and duties of the National Debt
Gonmiissioners.

The Act legalises various departmental matters in which an amendment of the law
has been found to be necessary. Among others, it repeals the stamp duty on com-
missions in tiie Army and Navy. — lAth August.



47. MILITARY LANDS ACT.

I (Introduced by Mb. G. P. Allen, L.)

I It gives powers to oounty and borough councils to hire land, for not less than

21 years, and to lease it to local Volunteer corps. — lAth August.



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314



PARLIAMENTARY PUBLICATIONS, 1903.

Nearly all the general State pablioations of the United Kingdom appear in the form of
Parliamentary Papers ; the exceptions being some few which are issued by and at the
expense of the respective departments — e.g.^ "The Post Office Guide," "The Field
Exercise for the Army," or " The Board of Trade Journal," and also certain publications
of general interest, such as The London Oazette^ or the Statutes.

The information contained in the Parliamentary Papers appertains to every conceiv-
able object of political and statistical interest. Besides Bills representing all the
legislative projects of each session, and Returns specially relating to them, there are
periodical statements of the working of different departments of the Government, of the
results of recent legislation, Reports of Royal Commissions or of Committees of either
House, Treaties, Correspondence with foreign countries or with our colonies, Reports of
diplomatic and consular agents abroad, Census and other returns, Statistics of all kinds,
Accounts, Estimates, and many miscellaneous papers that cannot be included under any
of the above heads.

Parliamentary publications are divided as follows : —

1. Bills introduced into either House, either by the Government or by private

members. They are numbered in a new series for each year.

2. Papers by Command include all such Beports, Papers, &c., as equally concern both

Houses of Parliament. They are distinguished by the letter C, with numbers in
brackets. The present series was commenced in 1870.

3. Beports and Papers. These comprise Reports, Returns, &c., specially ordered to

be printed by either House, and sometimes afterwards communicated to the
other House. They, also, are numbered in a fresh series for each year.

The following resumi is intended to supply materials from which may be obtained
information respecting— (1) The objects of the most important of the Public Bills which
were introduced in the Session of 1903, but failed to pass into law. (The Statutes of the
year will be fbund in another part of the work.) (2) A list of such Parliamentary Papers
as relate to subjects of general interest or importance issued during the same period.

It does not include publications of which it e substance is to be found in the statistical
tables or other parts of the Constitutional Year Book.

The distinguishing numbers will enable those who desire further details to purchase
the publications, either through a bookseller or from the Official Agents, Messrs. Eyre
and Spottiswoode, East Harding Street, Fleet Street; and 82, Abingdon Street, West-



Online LibraryNational Unionist Association of Conservative andThe Constitutional year book → online text (page 57 of 77)