New Bedford (Mass.).

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purchase of this land presents an important and serious
proposition as to its preparation and development for the
future. This new land must form the principal and main
section of what is known as Pine Grove Cemetery. The
location, contour and nature of the land is such that it is
necessary to prepare plans in its entirety; lay out and con-
struct roadways, and a suitable entrance from Acushnet
avenue, before lots can be sold, or interments made therein.
Such preparations mean a large expenditure of time and
labor before the land can be fitted for cemetery purposes.
The completion of this work is the most urgent proposition
before the Board, and we earnestly recommend that the
City Council make special appropriation to that end, in
view of the fact that the department cannot meet the ex-
pense of such work from the regular appropriation.


The general care and maintenance has progressed
under the careful direction of the Sexton, Nelson L. Pike.
The recommendation of the Superintendent in his last
year's report, relative to the resurfacing of the concrete

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drive lea'ding from Bay View avenue, across the cemetery,
to where it intersects the Main avenue in the old section,
has been accomplished. Two thousand, five hundred and
ninety-four square yards were resurfaced, at an expense of

The Board, from its organization, advocated unceas-
ingly the erection of a shelter-house in Rural Cemetery, for
the convenience of lot-owners and those having occasion to
visit the cemetery. We are pleased to announce that this
building has become a reality. The building is an open-
work wooden structure of modern design, with a concrete
foundation and metal roof. It is situated on an island in
the pond, and approached by a rustic bridge leading from
the main avenue at the west. The island and the slopes to
the pond are planted in artistically arranged groups, a
variety of shrubs and conifers. In the waters of the pond
are many varieties of aquatic plants and beautifully colored
water lilies, while myriads of gold fish bask on the surface
of the water on warm and clear days. The building is a
source of satisfaction to the Board, and has been appre-
ciated by the lot-owners, who are unanimous in com-

IN connection with the improvements in Rural Cemetery,
the Board are pleased to announce for the second time
the magnanimous and public spirit of Mr. Oliver F. Brown.
Appreciating the marked improvement by the planting of
trees, shrubs and flowering plants about the Dartmouth
street entrance to Rural Cemetery, and desiring that like
effects might be accomplished at the Rural street entrance,
he purchased the lot of land on the northeast corner of
Grape and Rural streets, consistinjg of 12 rods, at a cost of
$420.00, and presented the same to the city, to be used in
connection with the cemetery in perfecting the Rural street
entrance. It is the intention of the Board to prepare and
embellish this approach in like manner as at Dartmouth

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street. In view of this, it is desired that the Street De-
partment will combine its efforts with this public spirit and
put the approach to Rural street entrance in perfect and
harmonizing condition, both as to sidewalks and roadway.

A small acquisition to Rural has been purchased this
year, consisting of 42.95 rods, for $901.95, being a portion
of that strip of land laying between the west boundary of
the cemetery and Rockdale avenue. This gives an addi-
tional frontage on the avenue of 205 feet. The entire strip
of land on this boundary should become a part of the
cemetery proper, and the barns, henneries, and unsightly
buildings thereon removed.

As the development of this rapidly extending ceme-
tery is now wholly in the west section, it is very apparent
that provision must be made to drain this land to properly
prepare it for burial purposes. To do this will require not
less than 1,000 feet of pipe to be laid southerly across the
grounds to enter the sewer at Rockdale avenue, or else
easterly across the cemetery to the Babbitt street outlet.
The latter is believed the most advisable.

At the approach of the dry season the main avenues of
this cemetery were treated with an oil dressing, with satis-
factory results, and the elimination of the constant use and
expense of the water wagons.


All the land in these grounds is now fully developed,
and the lots are gradually being disposed of. Those re-
maining unsold are desirably located and the steady demand
insures the entire sale of the same.

As there will be no new land to develop, the labor in
these grounds will be entirely devoted to its proper main-
tenance, the repair and improvement of many of the old
sections, and a complete renovation of that portion south
of Parker street.

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The heavy face wall which has formed the street
boundary of these grounds for many years is now so badly
thrown by the frosts and weather actions that it has beccane
a menace to pedestrians and unsightly in its present condi-
tion. This should be entirely rebuilt, and the Board hope
to accomplish the work the coming season.

During the season these grounds have presented a
very attractive appearance. Many new designs of flower
beds, with the richest variety of flowering plants, have
graced the lawn and borders, and its general condition has
been very satisfactory to its lot-owners.


THE unprecedented growth of the city to the north has
already brought this cemetery within reasonable
proximity to the resident district, and the public interest in
the development of these grounds is quite apparent.

The acquisition of the new territory, consisting of 73
acres, renders it essential that immediate steps should be
taken to develop. so much of these grounds as will enable
the public to make future provision for themselves and
their families. Realizing this, the active work in cemetery
development has been centred in Pine Grove the past sea-
son. The boundaries have been carefully lined by the City
Engineer, and a temporary enclosure constructed to pre-
vent cattle from straying uppn the land, and the inroads of
thoughtless and careless people, who may seek to injure the
natural growth of many varieties of trees, with which this
land is beautifully supplied, and which will eventually be-
come its park sections.

About $9,000.00 was expended in improvement in 1910,
including preparing land and grading, drainage, road mak-
ing and tree planting. More extensive work is planned for
the coming year. All of the original 10 acres of Pine
Grove has been developed on plans prepared by landscape

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gardeners. These sections will be utilized largely for pub-
lic grounds, single graves and small lots, costing from
$25.00 to $60.00. Extensive tree planting is intended in
this section, as most of the stately pines on the adjacent
lands and whose beauty was reflected into these grounds
have been cut down by active real estate interests, now
working in this vicinity. On the new land, however, there
is a large natural growth of pines, with many large trees on
the grounds, and the landscape development throughout
will receive the most careful attention. The land has a
rolling surface, a diversity in topography, which makes it
easy to obtain fine landscape effects. With what nature has
already done to adorn the cemetery, the management will
not interfere, but much will be added in the way of trees,
shrubs and flowering plants to greatly enhance the appear-
ance of the grounds. The soil is sandy and porous, and
the elevation of the land is more than any of the city's

The Board has requested that a special appropriation
of $5,000.00 be made that a roadway may be constructed
from Acushnet avenue into these grounds, making this
cemetery accessible from the car lines. This will be the
regular entrance to this cemetery, until the future exten-
sion of Bowditch street, which will intersect the grounds
near the centre, when new and permanent entrances should
then be provided from this avenue.

A section of land has been prepared as a nursery for
the purpose of transplanting seedlings of ornamental trees
and shrubs, which can be acquired at a small cost and
herein developed and used as needed in future embellish-
ment of the grounds in general.

By reason of the cemetery work being centred in Pine
Grove Cemetery during the season, it was advisable to use
so much of experienced labor as at times could be spared
from Rural and Oak Grove Cemeteries. The car lines
were availed of for this purpose, thereby creating an
unavoidable transportation expense.

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Flower Day was publicly observed on the eleventh day
of September, the results of which were particularly grati-
fying to the Board. The popularity of this feature is in-
creasing each year, as is manifested in the response so gen-
eral at this time, occurring in the season of flowers and at
the close of the vacation period, when families returning to
their home, their thoughts are again drawn to the little
burial lot where rest some of their friends or loved member
of the family. It is at this period that Flower Day appeals
to them, and again the memory of their dear one comes
afresh to their hearts, as the tribute of flowers is tenderly
placed on the grave of their dead.

It is at this season that the many flower beds in the
several cemeteries present the most effective appearance,
and with individual co-operation, the whole is beautiful to
look upon.


What makes the cemetery beautiful? Almost as many
different answers will be given as there are persons answer-
ing, and all will be right so far as they go, and yet nearly all
will miss the most important point. The grand old oaks;
the rare exotic trees and shrubs in countless variety; the
endless forms of flowers, of foliage, of ornamental fruits;
the somber pines; the blue of the wonderful Colorado
spruces; the masses of flowers; the wide stretch of green
lawn; the beautiful winding drives bordered by artistically
arranged masses of flowers, foliage and trees ; the undulat-
ing perfectly contoured sections; the buildings; the mas-
sive entrance — all these would be mentioned, but what about
"the perfect care that maintains all these beautiful features?
The trees decay, if not cared for; the flowers perish quick-
ly; the shrubs, though more lasting, soon dwindle away;
disease attacks all growing things, and insects destroy; the

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winds and the snow and the frost work destruction;
noxious plants find a foothold, invade the grassy spaces, and
the beautiful lawns are no more. The driveways must be
watered and rolled, swept and repaired; the trees and
shrubs pruned and fertilized; a constant warfare must be
waged against destructive insects. The grass must be
mown, fertilized and reseeded. The lawns must be ever
raked and cleaned. New plantings of 'trees and shrubs
must replace the constant losses; the enclosures; the en-
trances ; the buildings ; the water system ; the greenhouses —
all are subject to depreciation, and repairs and renewals are
constantly in order. So it is care — intelligent, perpetual
care, through all the year, that makes the cemetery beauti-
ful. And keeps it so.

As the years go by families scatter, those closest in re-
lationship pass away, other interests engage the younger
generation, until finally no one remains who will expend
the necessary sum annually to keep the family plot from
falling into a neglected and unkempt condition.

Therefore, some other method must be adopted to in-
sure its care for all time. There is only one safe and sure
method, and that is by creating a fund sufficiently large to
be held in trust for this purpose. It must be large enough
so that the income will be sufficient to carry out the work.
No sum less than $150.00 should be deposited for the per-
petual care of any one lot. It should be borne in mind that
the tendency of interest rates in the past has been steadily
downward. By ordinance, these deposits are required to
be placed in the savings banks of the Commonwealth, and
the net income is not over 4 per cent., or $4,00 for each
$100.00, annually.

Perpetual care consists of the cutting of grass at rea-
sonable intervals, keeping the sod in good condition, trim-
ming of shrubs and trees, cleaning of monuments and
headstones, and replacing of foundations, and regrading the

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lot, so far as the interest, annually accrued, on the sum de-
posited, will allow.

The fund deposited to perpetual care, December 5,
1909, was $135,533.33 — to this has been added this year
$9,445.00, making a total amount on deposit of $144,978.33,
representing 1,365 lots.


Some lot-owners do not care to have flowers planted,
others desire very elaborate and expensive planting, each
year. On some lots there are no monuments, on others
very large and costly monuments have been erected. It is
thus evident that no general plan can be made for special
care of this kind. Each case must be provided for separ-
ately. Lot-owners who wish planting done annually,
monuments kept in repair, or other similar work done, may
deposit SPECIAL CARE funds, the income of which will
be devoted exclusively to the purpose specified. Estimates
for such work will be promptly given on application.


It is no uilcommon occurrence for cemetery lots to
come, in the course of years, into the possession of persons
having no relationship to, or respect for the memory of
the family of the original owner, buried therein. Rights
of burial are disposed of to aliens. The monuments, and
possibly graves, are disturbed to make room for the inter-
ment of strangers. This state of affairs can be absolutely
prevented, and yet all rights of use be retained, by con-
veyance in trust to the City of New Bedford. Such con-
veyance can be so made as to secure the full use of the lot
to the owner, and the descent of such use to such persons
as may be specified, but will effectually prevent the lot from
ever coming into the possession of persons not akin to the
original owner.

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The Board is prepared to accept such trust on behalf
of the city, under certain simple conditions, which will be
made known on application.

Blank forms of trust will be furnished at the office of
the Board, and no expense is attached to trust conveyances.


In connection with the routine work performed at the
city office of the department, this year, much time has been
devoted to transferring the records from the plat books to
the more modern and convenient card catalogue system,
and to placing the records of lots, so far as they relate to
present titleship, in accordance with existing laws govern-
ing the same, it being necessary that the lot shall stand upon
our records in the name of a living individual. This is
important to lot-owners in general, as upon the death of the
proprietor of a lot, the heirs should take immediate steps
to consult with the department, relative to titleship. The
increasing interest in the several grounds of the department
is manifested by daily calls at the city office of those desir-
ous of consulting the records and card catalogue system of
the department. These records are being placed in form
convenient for public use, and special care is taken relative
to the accuracy of the information therein contained.


It is gratifying to read of the increasing number of
gifts being made to cemeteries in many of our towns and
cities, gifts that, while adding to the attractive features of
the cemetery, serve in far more than ordinary sense the
effect of a memorial. Excellent, appropriate and useful
memorials may consist of entrances, fountains, shelter
houses, chapels, and special funds for the care of neglected
lets. We have already called attention to the public spirit
of Mr. Oliver F. Brown in presenting to the city a lot of
land suitably situated for the embellishment of the entrance

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to Rural Cemetery. Of importance among the above sug-
gestions, the Board would emphasize the need of a Chapel
in these grounds, for the many services which are now held
in undertakers' apartments, quite inadequate for such pur-
pose, or in the open grounds of the cemeteries. It is hoped
that some of our public-spirited citizens might accept this
suggestion as one which appeals to their taste and provide
for a memorial of this character, either by will or subscrip-
tion. A fund for such a purpose is not alone a worthy
memorial but a fitting and thoughtful tribute to the dead.

In the improvement and adornment of our city and
the education of its youth, our generous spirited citizens
are not wanting, and as this spirit continues in the future
we hope the last resting places of our dead may not be for-
gotten, but receive the thoughtful and kindly care of our
citizens throughout succeeding years.

The chief requisites for the development, harmony and
beauty of every cemetery are a good drainage system, ade-
quate water supply, appropriate planting of trees and
shrubs, well placed driveways, the erection of works of art,
the family monument in place of headstones, adoption of
low markers, and the disuse of all footstones. There
should be no mounds over graves, or visible cornerstones
above grade, nor copings, fences, hedges, etc. With these
main suggestions in mind, and with each lot-owner's hearty
approval and co-operation, much may be done to carry out
the aim of the Commissioners to make our public ceme-
teries modern and beautiful in every respect.

Respectfully submitted,

W. M. HICHAM, Chairman.
CHARLES H. VINAL, Secretary,

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To the Honorable Board of Cemetery Commissioners:

Gentlemen : — I have the honor to submit to you my
fourth annual report, giving a summary of the work accom-
plished by your direction in this department during the
year. Much of the work suggested by me last year, I am
pleased to report, has been achieved, among the important
of which is the resurfacing of the concrete drive in Rural
Cemetery, the placing of needed catch-basins, the policing
of the cemeteries at certain periods of the season, the pur-
chase and controlling of its own teams, the oiling of the
main avenues, and other progressive improvements with
which the Board are familiar.

A large force of men have been actively engaged in
the several grounds. The principal work, however, in
cemetery expansion has centred in Pine Grove Cemetery,
and the season closed with considerable unfinished work,
which will be continued as soon as the weather will permit
in the spring.

Following is a summary of the work performed during
the year 1910:


Rural. Oak Grove.

Square feet land dug over 4,360

Lineal feet of avenues fitted 1,350 1,025

Lineal feet of borders fitted 450 2,075

Lineal feet of walls built 62

Square feet avenues paved 280 1,560

Lineal feet of water mains laid. 100

Foundations (tablets) 145 121

Foundations (monuments) 15 10

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Fcxundalion^ (rebuilt) 4 2d

Neglected graves ratted 9 20

Neglected lieaidstones refitted ... ft is

Catch bsisfrrs 'bttilt i

Heds^ eM k f umed lind removed. l 4

Curbing: rtmevtd 2

Trees removed 3 3

Interments made in lots 311 163

Interments made in single graves . 51 33
Interments made in p«Mfc: IprCNMNl 238 71
Interments made in soldiers and sail-
ors' lot 8

Total interments^ 1%M 5011 369

Brick graves built 38 40

Lots in annual care d61 653

Bodies eiHo«Rl»ed ^3 16

Bodies remamng in tom^ 3 z

Bodies disinterred ikii year 15 22

Lots sold U} 1910 41 29

Single graves sold 50 31

Prepared lots unsold 143 299

Value of KMS unsold $9,3195 90 $31,123 00

Single graves unsoM 47

Value of graves unsold $470 00

Total interments . ! 14,249 12,946

Average numiber em^oyees 27 19

Teams 2 i


Intcrmetits ** 5

Lots in annual care 13


Foundations built for tablets 3

Foundations built for monuments 1

Interments made in krts 22

Lots /in annual cArc 58

Total interments 593

Prepared lots unsold 92

Value of lots unsold $5,875 00

Single graves unsold 319

Value of graves unsold $3,190 00

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Griffin Street Cemetery has had the usual annual care
give^.to these grounds. Mr. Fred S. Spooner has been de-
tailed to give his entire time to the care of this little ceme-
tery. It is desirable to improve tlie appearance this year
by the additional planting of trees and flower beds.


The following suggestion? I trust will receive the con-
sideration of the Board the coming season :

.The retaining wall on the Parker street front of the
Oak Grove Cemetery of the old ground should be rebuilt,
the frost and water has badly thrown it so^that it is at pres-
ent a menace to pedestrians. The fence forming the east
enclosure of these grounds should also be rebuilt, as it is
in poor condition and cannot last another season.

The main avenue from the entrance on the north, of the
receiving tomb should be macadamized.

. If possible, an entrance should be opened in the new
Pine Grove Cemetery, from Acushnet avenue, and an ave-
nue prepared leading into these .grounds. . All activity pos-
sible should be furthered to the opening of this cemetery
for public use.

A proper tool-house should be erected ift Pine Grove
Cemetery for the storage of tools, implements and stock, to
be used in the work of these grounds.

I also recommend that a spraying apparatus be pur-
chased for the protection of the trees and shrubs.

Respectfully submitted,

HURLBERT E. THOMAS, Superintendent.

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Report of City Clerk.

For the Year 1910.

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Clerk's Office.

January 26, 191 1.

To the Honorable the City Council of th& City of New

Gentlemen: — The undersigned herewith respectfully
submits the following statement of licenses and fees received
by him during the fiscal year ending December 3, 1910, and
returned by him into the office of the City Treasurer:

Auctioneers' licenses at $5 each $130.00

Pool, billiards, bowling alleys, etc 1,072.00

Exhibition, skating rink, carousals 20.00

Fruit licenses 1,640.00

Hacks, wagons, etc., at 50c. each 69.50

Intelligence office licenses at $2 each 14.00

Junk collectors' licenses at $3 each 153.00

Junk dealers' licenses at $5 each 170.00

Pawnbrokers' licenses at $50 each 300.00

Petroleum licenses at $1 each 61.00

Petroleum registrations at 50c. each 95.00

Scallop licenses at $1 each 181.00


Marriage licenses $1,165.00

Mortgages, bills of sale, etc 177.65

Assignments of mortgages 1.25

Discharges of mortgages 24.75

Assignments of wages 26.75

Discharge of assignments of wages 1.50

Married women's certificates 9.75

Copies records 44.85

Voluntary assignments 6.00

Recording liquor licenses 3.00

Writs 50

Foreclosure mortgages .50

Mechanics lien

Recording express permit transportation liquors... 1.00

Power of attorney .50

Lease , .50

Recording dog licenses 506.40

Total amount $5,775.40


p. B. Leonard,

City Clerk.

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Eighteenth annual Report


Engineering Department





New Bedford, Mass.

E. Anthony & Sons, Incorp., Printers

191 1

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Feb. 23, 1911.
Received. Ordered printed in the City Documents
and sent down for concurrence.


City Clerk.


Feb. 23, 1911.



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engineer's report


City of New Bedford,

Engineering Department,

January 1, 1911.
To the City Council of the City of New Bedford :

Online LibraryNew Bedford (Mass.)City documents. Municipal register, Mayor's address, annual reports, etc → online text (page 6 of 33)