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Official register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war online

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mended the proper persons for field officers of this battalion.
The same gentlemen were elected by Continental Congress,
February 9th.

THIRD BATTALION— First Establishment.


Elias Dayton Colonel.

Anthony Walton White Lieutenant Colonel.

Francis Barber Major.

Samuel Shippard Adjutant.

William Norcross Quartermaster.

Jonathan Dayton Paymaster.

Lewis F. Dunham Surgeon.

Thomas C. Read Surgeon's Mate.

James Caldwell Chaplain.


First Company :

Samuel Potter Captain .

Rinear Blanchard First Lieutenant.

Josiah Quimby Second Lieutenant.

Cornelius Hennion Ensign.

Second Company :

Thomas Patterson ^ Captain.

John Mott First Lieutenant.

William McDonald Second Lieutenant.

Edward Patterson Ensign.


Third Company :

John Ross'. Captain .

William McMichael First Lieutenant.

Richard Cox Second Lieutenant.

Thomas Coa'chey Ensign.

Fourth Company .

William Eugene Imlay Captain.

Richard Lloyd First Lieutenant.

Daniel Pierson Second Lieutenant.

Edgar Gaulidet Ensign .

Fifth Company :

Peter Dickerson Captain .

Stephen Dunham First Lieutenant.

David Tuttle Second Lieutenant.

William Tenbrook Ensign.

Sixth Company :

Thomas Reading Captain.

John Anderson First Lieutenant.

Ralph Guild Second Lieutenant.

John Hagan Ensign.

Seventh Company :

Joseph Bloomfield Captain.

Josiah Seeley First Lieutenant.

William B. Gifford Second Lieutenant.

Ebenezer Elmer Ensign.

Eighth Company ;

Anthony Sharp Captain.

Samuel Flanningham (or Flannagan), First Lieutenant.

Samuel Hazlett Second Lieutenant.

Nathaniel Leonard Ensign.

First Lieutenant Rinear Blanchard, resigned.
First Lieutenant William McMichael, deserted.
First Lieutenant Josiah Seeley, resigned.
First Lieutenant John Anderson, resigned.


First Lieutenant Stephen Dunham, resigned.

Second Lieutenant Richard Cox, promoted First Lieutenant.

Second Lieutenant David Tuttle, promoted First Lieutenant.

Second Lieutenant William B. Gifford, promoted First Lieu-

Second Lieutenant William McDonald, cashiered.

Second Lieutenant Ralph Guild, resigned.

Second Lieutenant Samuel Hazlett, resigned.

Ensign Thomas Coachey, declined.

Ensign William Tenbrook, declined.

Ensign Cornelius Hennion, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Ensign Edward Patterson, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Ensign Ebenezer Elmer, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Ensign John Hagan, promoted Second Lieutenant — resigned.

Cadet Edmund D. Thomas, promoted Ensign.

Serjeant Abraham Stout, promoted Ensign.

Private Thomas Kinney, promoted Ensign.

Constant Peck, appointed First Lieutenant — died.

William Gordon, appointed Second Lieutenant, afterwards
promoted First Lieutenant.

Robert Hagan, appointed First Lieutenant.

Jeremiah Ballard, appointed Second Lieutenant.

William Norcross, appointed Ensign, afterwards promoted

William Clark, appointed Ensign, afterwards promoted Second

Francis Duclos, appointed Ensign, afterwards promoted Second

Joseph I. Anderson, appointed Ensign, afterwards promoted
Second Lieutenant.

John Reading, appointed Ensign.

John Kinney, appointed Ensign.

William Barber, appointed Ensign.

George Cottnam, appointed Ensign.

Four of the companies, on being organized, were stationed at
Staten Island, New York, and the other four at Amboy, New
Jersey. They were joined at Elizabethtown, April 28th, and
left that place for New York on the next day. On the 2d of
May the battalion was reviewed by the Muster-master General,


^nd on the 3d instant, with the First Battalion, sailed in sloops
for Albany. Colonel Dayton reported there to Brigadier Gene-
ral John Sullivan, of New Hampshire. During the remainder of
ithe year, they were stationed at Johnstown, German Flats, Fort
Dayton, Fort Schuyler, Ticonderoga, and Mount Independence.
They were chiefly engaged in preventing incursions of the In-
•dians. The battalion left Albany March 7th, 1777, and was
'discharged at Morristown, New Jersey, on the 23d of the same

The second establishment of troops from New Jersey for the
Continental Army was made by the Congress of the United
'Colonies, September i6th, 1776.

The original form of the following resolutions was given in a
report of the Board of War, and after being amended as given
ibelow, by the Committee of the Whole, were passed by Con-
gress :

"Resolved, That eighty-eight battalions be inlisted as soon as
possible, to serve during the present war, and that the States
iurnish their respective quotas in the following proportions, via. .

' ' New Jersey Four battalions.

* * * * * *'* *

"That twenty dollars be given as a bounty to each non-com-
missioned officer and private soldier who shall inlist to serve
during the present war, unless sooner discharged by Congress.

"That Congress make provision for granting lands in the fol-
lowing proportions : to the officers and soldiers who shall so
-engage in the service, and continue therein to the close of the
war, or until discharged by Congress, and to the representatives
of such officers and soldiers as shall be slain by the enemy, such
lands, to be provided by the United States, and whatever ex-
pense shall be necessary to procure such land ; the said expense
.shall be paid and borne by the States in the same proportions as
ihe other expenses of the war, viz. : to a colonel, five hundred
.acres; to a lieutenant colonel, four hundred and fifty; to a
.major, four hundred ; to a captain, three hundred ; to a lieuten-


ant, two hundred ; to an ensign, one hundred and fifty ; and to-
each non-commissioned officer and soldier, one hundred.

"That the appointment of all officers and filling all vacancies
(excepting general officers), be left to the governments of the
several States, and that every State provide arms, clothing, and
every necessary for its quota of troops, according to the fore-
going estimate — the expense of the clothing to be deducted from
the pay of the soldiers, as usual.

" That all officers be commissioned by Congress.

"That it be recommended to the several States that they take
the most speedy and effectual measures for inlisting their several

"That the money to be given for bounties be paid by the
paymaster in the department where the soldier shall inlist.

"That each soldier receive pay and subsistence from the time
of inlistment.

In the minutes of Congress, October 8th, a resolution is found
which provides for the giving of sundry articles of clothing in
lieu of the twenty dollars bounty just referred to :

"Resolved, That for the farther encouragement of the non-
commissioned officers and soldiers who shall engage in the ser-
vice during the war, a suit of clothes be annually given each of
the said officers and soldiers, to consist, for the present year, of
two linen hunting-shirts, two pair of overalls, a leathern or
woolen waistcoat, with sleeves, one pair of breeches, a hat or
leathern cap, two shirts, two pair of hose, and two pair of shoes,
amounting, in the whole, to the value of twenty dollars, or that
sum to be paid to each soldier, who shall procure those articles
for himself, and produce a certificate thereof from the captain of
the company to which he belongs to the paymaster of the regi-

On the 26th day of September, 1776, the Council of New
Jersey appointed a committee of four to confer with a committee
of nine of the General Assembly, respecting the raising of the
four battalions required of New Jersey. The committee made
the following report the next day in both Houses :

"Your committee appointed to join- in a conference on the
subject matter of a letter received from the Honorable John.


Hancock, Esquire, respecting the raising four battalions of
troops to serve during the war, beg leave to report that the
committees met in conference according to order, and, having
deliberated on the matters referred to their consideration, have
come to sundry resolutions, as follows :

" \st. That it is the opinion of the committees that it is proper
to comply with the requisition of the Honorable the Continen-
tal Congress, by raising, as speedily as possible, four battalions of
troops, to serve during the present war, and to be on Continen-
tal pay.

" 2d. That, in order thereto, it will be proper to take the three
battalions first raised in this State and now in service to the
northward of Albany, (or such parts thereof as are willing to
engage in the service), into the establishment, reserving to the
Legislature the power of re-appointing the officers at the end
of the respective terms of their formfer inlistment, as the two^
Houses shall think proper on a due consideration of their merits,
and having due regard to their former rank.

" T,d. That as to the Fourth Battalion, and the supplying such
deficiencies as may happen in the three battalions before men-
tioned, it will be proper to give a preference, both as to officers
and soldiers, to the five battalions now under the command of
General Heard : the officers to be elected out of such of them as
shall apply or shall otherwise signify their willingness to engage
in the service ; and the soldiers to be inlisted by the officers so
appointed so as not to interfere with their present inlistment,
without the consent of the Commander-in-Chief of the army.

" ifth. That it will be proper to send one or more commis-
sioners, with proper instructions to inquire into the state of the-
battalions raised in this State and now in the service, and their
disposition to engage farther in the service on the new establish-

A committee of one from each House was appointed in accord-
ance with the fourth resolution, and on the 25th day of October
they reviewed, at Ticonderoga, New York, the battalions raised
under the first establishment. Their report was presented to the-
Legislature November 2 2d, and is as follows :

" The commissioners appointed by the Honorable Council and
General Assembly of the State of New Jersey, to inquire into the


■condition of the Jersey troops to the northward of Albany, and
the disposition of the officers to engage in the Continental ser-
vice during the war, beg leave to make the following report :

"That your commissioners, having with all possible despatch
repaired to Ticonderoga, did there, as far as they were able,
inquire into the condition of the troops of this State.

"Your commissioners found the soldiers destitute of many
.articles of dress ; supplies of every kind they want, but shoes and
stockings they are in the last necessity for, many having neither
to their feet.

" Your commissioners believe that the troops are well pro-
vided with provisions, and they have plenty of arms.

" Respecting the disposition of the officers to engage in the
service, your commissioners beg leave to say that it is with the
-greatest cheerfulness the most of the officers are ready, on your
appointment, to serve their country during the war. A very few
decline, as may appear from the returns of the several regiments,
which your commissioners beg leave to lay before you. The
characters of the officers may be drawn from said returns and a
few anecdotes of some of the general officers, which are at your

"John Cleves Symmes,
"Theunis Dey.

"Burlington, November 21st, 1776."

A resolution of Continental Congress of the 8th of October,
"recommended to the Assemblies, Conventions, and Councils of
Safety of the several States which have any regiments now in the
Continental service, either at New York, Ticonderoga, or New
Jersey, that they forthwith appoint committees to proceed to
those places, with full powers to appoint all the officers of the
regiments to be raised by their States under the new establish-
ment, that such officers may proceed immediately to inlist such
men as are now in the service and incline to re-inlist during the
war ; and that such committees be instructed to advise with the
general officers, and promote such officers as have distinguished
themselves for their abilities, activity, and vigilance in the ser-
vice, and especially for their attention to military discipline."

The Joint Meeting held November i6th, elected Theophilus
Elmer, of Council, and Abraham Clark, of Assembly, as this
.committee, and instructed them accordingly.


On the 28th day of November, 1776, this committee reported,
and the field officers of the four battalions, and the company-
officers of the Fourth Battalion, were elected. On the following
day, the captains and subalterns of the First, Second, and Third
Battalions were elected. On the 5th day of February, 1777, a
new arrangement of the Second Battalion was made by Joint
Meeting, and on the 17th of the same month, a new appoint-
ment and arrangement of the officers of the Fourth Battalion
were made.

The following is the roster of officers of these battalions under
the second, or new establishment for troops from New Jersey :





FIRST BATTALION— Second Establishment.


Silas Newcomb Colonel.

Matthias Ogden Lieutenant Colonel.

William D' Hart Major.

Alexander Clougli Adjutant.

Leonidas Chappin Quartermaster.

Aaron Ogden Paymaster.

William M. Barnet Surgeon.

Jacob Harris Surgeon's Mate.

Cox Chaplain.

Major Joseph Morris, died.
Adjutant Alexander Clough, died.
Quartermaster Leonidas Chappin, resigned.
Paymaster Aaron Ogden, resigned.

Colonel Silas Newcomb, promoted Brigadier General, militias-
Lieutenant Colonel Matthias Ogden, promoted Colonel.
Major William D'Hart, promoted Lieutenant Colonel.
Captain Joseph Morris, promoted Major.

Captain John Conway, promoted Major, Fourth Battalion^
Second Establishment.

Captain John Polhemus, promoted Major.

Second Lieutenant Jacob Piatt, promoted Adjutant.

Joseph Periam, appointed Quartermaster.


First Company :

Joseph Morris Captain.

John Mercer First Lieutenant,


Robert Robertson Second Lieutenant.

Simeon Mash Ensign .

Second Company :

Silas Howell Captain.

John Van Anglen First Lieutenant.

Archibald Dallas Second Lieutenant.

John Howell Ensign.

Third Company :

John Conway Captain.

Giles Mead First Lieutenant.

John Flahaven Second Lieutenant.

Ebenezer Axtell Ensign.

Fourth Company :

John Polhemus Captain .

Isaac Morrison First Lieutenant.

John Holmes Second Lieutenant.

Peter Vandeventer Ensign.

Fifth Company .

Andrew M' Mires Captain.

Curtenius Schenck First Lieutenant.

Francis Costigin Second Lieutenant.

Jacob Ludlam Ensign .

Sixth Company :

Daniel Piatt Captain.

Hendrick Fisher First Lieutenant.

Thomas Sickles Second Lieutenant.

Thomas Harbert Ensign.

Seventh Cofnpany :

Elias Longstreet Captain .

Peter V. Voorhies First Lieutenant.

Jacob Piatt Second Lieutenant.

Glover Fithian Ensign.


Eighth Company :

Daniel Baldwin Captain.

Lewis J. Costigin First Lieutenant.

Abraham Lane Second Lieutenant.

Stephen Dunham Ensign.

Captain Andrew M'Mires, killed.

Captain Daniel Baldwin, discharged for wounds.

First Lieutenant Robert Robertson, resigned — wounds.

Ensign Simeon Mash, resigned.

Ensign Martin Hurley, killed.

First Lieutenant John Mercer, promoted Captain.

First Lieutenant John Van Anglen, promoted Captain.

First Lieutenant Giles Mead, promoted Captain.

First Lieutenant Isaac Morrison, promoted Captain.

First Lieutenant Peter V. Voorhies, promoted Captain.

Second Lieutenant Robert Robertson, promoted First Lieu-

Secoid Lieutenant Archibald Dallas, promoted Captain,
Fourth Battalion.

Serjeant Martin Hurley, promoted Ensign.

Serjeant John Bishop, promoted Ensign.

Private John Gary, promoted Ensign.

John Reed, appointed Ensign.

Jonathan Snowden, appointed Second Lieutenant, afterwards
promoted First Lieutenant.

Samuel Seeley, appointed Second Lieutenant, afterwards pro-
moted First Lieutenant.

Absalom Bonham, appointed Second Lieutenant, afterwards-
promoted First Lieutenant.

Peter Lott, appointed Ensign, afterwards promoted Second

Silas Parrit, appointed Second Lieutenant.

Aaron Rhea, appointed Ensign.


SECOND BATTALION— Second Establishment.


Israel Shreve Colonel .

David Rhea Lieutenant Colonel.

Richard Howell Major.

Luther Halsey Adjutant.

Charles Axford Quartermaster.

William Shute Paymaster.

James Holmes Surgeon.

Ebenezer Elmer Surgeon's Mate.

Quartermaster^Charles Axford, declined.
Quartermaster Benajah Osraun, resigned.
Paymaster William Shute, resigned.
Surgeon James Holmes, declined.
Surgeon Lewis Howell, resigned.

Benajah Osmun, appointed Second Lieutenant and Quarter-

John Peck, appointed Paymaster.

Lewis Howell, appointed Surgeon.

Surgeon's Mate Ebenezer Elmer, promoted Surgeon.

Moses G. Elmer, appointed Surgeon's Mate.


J^irst Company :

Joseph Brearley Captain.

John Hollinshead First Lieutenant. •

William Helms Second Lieutenant.

George Reynolds Ensign.

Second Company :

James Lawrie Captain.

John N. Gumming First Lieutenant.

John Sparks Second Lieutenant.

John Shreve Ensign.


Third Company :

William Shute Captain and Paymaster.

James Maxwell First Lieutenant.

Thomas Ryerson Second Lieutenant.

Samuel Shute Ensign.

Fourth Company :

Joseph Stout Captain.

Henry Luce First Lieutenant.

Samuel Hendry Second Lieutenant.

Andrew Bankson Ensign.

Fifth Company :

Archibald Shaw Captain.

Jonathan Phillips First Lieutenant.

William Parrot Second Lieutenant.

John Reeves Ensign,

-Sixth Company :

James Dillon Captain.

Jeremiah Smith First Lieutenant.

Samuel Neglee Second Lieutenant.

Thomas Smith Ensign.

Seventh Company :

Thomas Yard Captain.

Seth Bowen First Lieutenant.

Aaron Lane Second Lieutenant.

James Howell Ensign.

Eighth Company :

Ephraim Anderson Captain.

Nathaniel Bowman First Lieutenant.

George Ross Second Lieutenant.

William Carter Ensign.


F'irst Company :

James Lawrie Captain.

Seth Bowen First Lieutenant.


John Hutchin Second Lieutenant.

James Craig.., Ensign.

Second Company :

Joseph Stout Captain.

William Parrot First Lieutenant.

Abraham Stout Second Lieutenant.

John Phillips Ensign.

Third Company : .

James Dillon Captain.

Nathaniel Bowman First Lieutenant.

Samuel Neglee Second Lieutenant.

James Johnson Ensign.

Fourth Company :

Thomas Yard Captain.

Jonathan Phillips First Lieutenant.

Abraham Appleton Second Lieutenant.

Matthew Clunn Ensign.

Fi/th Company ;

Ephraim Anderson Captain.

Samuel Hendry First Lieutenant.

Aaron Lane Second Lieutenant.

Jonathan Rhea Ensign.

Sixth Company:

John Hollinshead Captain.

Jeremiah Smith First Lieutenant.

Derrick Lane Second Lieutenant.

John Shreve Ensign.

Seventh Company:

John N. Gumming Captain.

John Sparks First Lieutenant.

Nathaniel Jenkins Second Lieutenant.

Samuel Shute Ensign.



Eighth Company .

Samuel Reading Captain.

James Maxwell First Lieutenant.

George Ross Second Lieutenant.

Lewis Rue Ensign.

Ninth Company :

Henry Luce Captain .

William Helms First Lieutenant.

George Reynolds Second Lieutenant.

Nathaniel Salmon Ensign.

Captain James Lawrie, died.
Captain Joseph Stout, killed.
Captain Ephraim Anderson, died.
Captain Henry Luce, resigned.
First Lieutenant Seth Bowen, declined.
Ensign James Craig, declined.
Ensign James Johnson, resigned.

First Lieutenant Nathaniel Bowman, promoted Captain.
First Lieutenant Jonathan Phillips, promoted Captain.
First Lieutenant John Sparks, promoted Captain.
First Lieutenant James Maxwell, promoted Captain.
First Lieutenant William Helms, promoted Captain.
Second Lieutenant John Hutchin, promoted First Lieutenant.
Second Lieutenant Nathaniel Jenkins, promoted First Lieu-

Second Lieutenant Francis Duclos, promoted First Lieutenant.
Ensign Jonathan Rhea, promoted Second Lieutenant.
Ensign John Shreve, promoted Second Lieutenant.
Ensign Samuel Shute, promoted Second Lieutenant.
Serjeant Almerin Brooks, promoted Ensign.
David Brown, appointed Ensign.
Private James Paul, promoted Ensign.


THIRD BATTALION— Second Establishment.


Elias Dayton Colonel.

Francis Barber Lieutenant Colonel.

Joseph Bloom field Major.

Samuel Shippard Adjutant.

Nathan Wilkison Quartermaster.

Jonathan Dayton Paymaster.

Lewis F. Dunham Surgeon.

Ephraim Loree (or Loring) Surgeon's Mate.

Andrew Hunter Chaplain of Regiment and Brigade.

Major Joseph Bloomfield, resigned.
Captain John Doughty, promoted Major.


First Company ;

Peter Dickerson Captain.

Samuel Flanningham (or Flanagan). ..First Lieutenant.

Jonathan Brewer Second Lieutenant.

Edmund D. Thomas Ensign.

Secsnd Company :

Thomas Patterson Captain.

Robert Hagan First Lieutenant.

Edward Patterson Second Lieutenant.

John Kinney Ensign.

Third Company :

John Ross Captain.

Richard Cox First Lieutenant.

William Clark Second Lieutenant.

William Barber Ensign.

Fourth Company :

John Doughty Captain.

Jeremiah Ballard First Lieutenant.



John Reading Second Lieutenant.

Samuel Racket Ensign.

Fifth Company :

John Mott Captain.

Joseph I. Anderson First Lieutenant.

William Norcross Second Lieutenant.

William Van Cleve Ensign.

Sixth Co7npany ;

William B. Gifford Captain.

Cornelius Hennion First Lieutenant.

Edgar Gaulidet Second Lieutenant.

William Catarich Ensign.

Seventh Company :

William Gordon Captain.

William Bostwick First Lieutenant.

Nathaniel Leonard Second Lieutenant.

David Dare Ensign.

Eighth Company .'

Jacob Rosecrantz Captain.

Marmaduke Curtis First Lieutenant.

Buddie Shinn Second Lieutenant.

Ezekiel Dennis Ensign.

Captain William Gordon, resigned.

Captain Cornelius Hennion, discharged — wounds.

Captain Jacob Rosecrantz, resigned.

First Lieutenant Robert Hagan, resigned.

Second Lieutenant William Clark, discharged — wounds.

Ensign William Barber, resigned.

First Lieutenant Samuel Flanningham, promoted Captain.
First Lieutenant Richard Cox, promoted Captain.
First Lieutenant Jeremiah Ballard, promoted Captain.
First Lieutenant Joseph I. Anderson, promoted Captain.
First Lieutenant Cornelius Hennion, promoted Captain.
Second Lieutenant William Norcross, promoted First Lieu-


Second Lieutenant John Reading, promoted First Lieutenant.

Second Lieutenant Edward Patterson, promoted First Lieu-

Second Lieutenant Wessel T. Stout, transferred from Fourth

Ensign Edmund D. Thomas, promoted First Lieutenant.

Ensign Samuel Hacket, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Ensign John Kinney, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Ensign Aaron Day, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Serjeant Nathan Wilkison, promoted Second Lieutenant and

Private Jarvis Bloomfield, promoted Ensign, afterwards Sec-
ond Lieutenant.

Private John Ruecastle, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Private William Kersey, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Private James Scobey, promoted Ensign.

Isaac Harrison, appointed First Lieutenant.

FOURTH BATTALION— Second Establishment.


Ephraim Martin Colonel.

David Brearley Lieutenant Colonel.

Ebenezer Howell Major.

Joseph King Adjutant.

Thomas Saffin Quartermaster.

Absalom Martin Paymaster.

John B. Riker Surgeon.

Jacob Harris Surgeon's Mate.

Major Ebenezer Howell, resigned.
Captain Thomas Morrell, promoted Major— resigned.
Quartermaster Thomas Saffin, resigned.
Private Ephraim Darby, promoted Quartermaster.
Captain John Conway, (First Battalion, Second Establish-
lishraent), promoted Major.


Thomas Morrell Captain.

Robert Gaston Captain.


John Anderson Captain .

William Bond Captain.

James Holmes Captain.

Jonathan Kinsey Captain.

Jonathan Forman Captain.

Abraham Lyon Captain.

Peter Low First Lieutenant.

Zophar Carnes First Lieutenant.

David Edgar First Lieutenant.

John Pipes First Lieutenant.

Alexander Mitchell First Lieutenant.

Joseph Skelton First Lieutenant.

John Martin First Lieutenant.

John Pearson First Lieutenant.

Samuel Schooley Second Lieutenant.

Online LibraryNew Jersey. Adjutant-General's OfficeOfficial register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war → online text (page 2 of 53)