New Jersey. Adjutant-General's Office.

Official register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war online

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Yherts, John. Captain Mead's company. First Regiment.

YouMANS, (or Yeomans), Isaac. Also militia.

Young, Aaron. Second Battalion, Second Establishment;
Captain Ballard's company. Third Regiment; Second

Young, David. "Spencer's Regiment," Continental Army;
Captain Jonathan Holmes' company. Second Regiment.

Young, Henry. Third Battalion, First Establishment ; Cap-
tain Patterson's company, Third Battalion, Second Estab-


Young, John.

Young, Philip. "Spencer's Regiment," Continental Army.

Young, Sylvester. First Battalion, Second Establishment;
Captain Mitchell's company. First Regiment.

Young, Sylvester. Third Regiment.

Young, Thomas. Second Battalion, Second Establishment;
Captain Bowman's company, Second Regiment.

YouRSON, Giles. Captain Sparks' company. Second Battalion,
Second Establishment ; also militia.

Zeak, Baltus. Captain Cox's company, Third Battalion, Sec-
ond Establishment.

Zopus, Isaac. "Spencer's Regiment," Continental Army.



At various times during the war, this State, by reason of its
situation on the coast, and its lying between cities in possession
of the enemy, was continually open to the incursions of British
troops and the ravages of refugees and Indians. It was also the
theatre of many battles, skirmishes, and forage expeditions,
greatly to the annoyance of the inhabitants, as well as dangerous
to the established government. It was found necessary, there-
fore, to "embody," as occasion required, a certain quota of
volunteers from the militia of the different counties. These men
were held liable to duty, when needed, not only in this, but also
in adjoining States. These organizations were called " New
Jersey Levies," "Five Months' Levies," but most generally
designated as "State Troops."

On an examination of the laws, the following appear to be
"Acts" authorizing the enrollment and organization of these
troops :

On the 13th day of February, 1776, the Provincial Congress

"Resolved, That two complete artillery companies be raised
in this Colony."

The officers of the two companies were chosen March ist,
1776, and the ordinance organizing the command was passed the
following day. It provides that one company shall be stationed
in the eastern, and one in the western division of the State.
Each company was to consist of a captain, captain-lieutenant,
first and second lieutenants, a fire-worker, four sergeants, four
corporals, one bombardier, and fifty matrosses. The command
was ordered to be enlisted for one year's service.

Both these batteries did good service during the war. His-
tory shows that they took part in the battles of Trenton, Assun-
pink, Princeton, and Monmouth. On the 4th of December,


1776, the Eastern Company was annexed to Colonel Thomas
Proctor's regiment of artillery, Continental Army, and assigned
to General Knox's brigade of artillery. By reason of this
assignment these battel ies are often referred to as Continental

The following is the roster of officers of these batteries :


Frederick Frelinghuysen Captain.

Daniel Neil Captain-Lieutenant.

Thomas Clark First Lieutenant.

John Heard Second Lieutenant.

Captain Frederick Frelinghuysen, resigned.

Captain-Lieutenant Daniel Neil, promoted Captain — killed.

John Doughty, appointed Captain-Lieutenant — resigned.

First Lieutenant Thomas Clark, promoted Captain-Lieutenant,
afterwards Captain.

Second Lieutenant John Heard, resigned.

John Van Dike, appointed Second Lieutenant, afterwards Cap-

Aaron Clark, appointed Second Lieutenant.


Samuel Hugg Captain.

Thomas Newark Captain-Lieutenant.

John Westcott First Lieutenant.

Joseph Dayton Second Lieutenant.

Captain-Lieutenant Thomas Newark, resigned.

First Lieutenant John Westcott, promoted Captain-Lieutenant,
afterwards Captain.

Second Lieutenant Joseph Dayton, resigned.

Seth Bowen, appointed First Lieutenant, afterwards Captain-
Lieutenant — resigned.

Benjamin Whittall, appointed Second Lieutenant, First Lieu-
tenant, and afterwards Captain-Lieutenant.

Eli Elmer, appointed Second Lieutenant.


The first act to organize the infantry branch of the State
troops was passed by the Provincial Congress November 27th,
1776. It is here given in full, and serves as a form after which
all similar ordinances were compiled :

"An Act for the raising of four Battalions, passed November
2']th, 1776.

"Whereas, The present situation of publick affairs, and par-
ticularly the invasion of this State by the enemy, renders it
absolutely necessary that some part of the militia should be
called out and engaged as volunteers in the service of the United
States of America, until it is probable that the four battalions,*
the quota allotted for New Jersey, can be raised —

"i. Be it therefore enacted by the Council and Gen-
eral Assembly of this State, and it is hereby enacted by the
authority of the same, That four battalions, consisting each of
eight companies, of seventy-six privates, one drummer, one fifer,
four corporals, and four Serjeants, be immediately got in readi-
ness and marched to join the army under the command of His
Excellency, General Washington ; which battalions shall be
raised by a voluntary inlistment, to continue in service until the
ist day of April next, unless sooner discharged.

" 2. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the
said militia shall have the same pay, rations, and allowance as
the other troops on the Continental establishment, to commence
from the time of their inlistment, and that they conform in all
instances to the regulations which are or shall be made for the
government of the forces in the service of the United States.

" 3. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said
battalions shall be formed as follows : one battalion to consist
of two companies from the county of Bergen, three companies
from the county of Essex, and three companies from the county
of Morris ; one battalion to consist of two companies from the
county of Somerset, two companies from the county of Sussex,.
and four companies from the county of Hunterdon ; one bat-
talion to consist of three companies from the county of Mid-
dlesex, two companies from the county of Monmouth, and three

* Referring to the four battalions, second establishment, Continental troops.



companies from the county of Burlington ; one battalion to
consist of three companies from the county of Gloucester, three
companies from the county of Salem, and two companies from
the county of Cumberland.

" 4. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That in order
that proper officers may be immediately appointed, the field
officers, with the captains and subalterns in each county, do
forthwith assemble and agree upon one captain, two lieutenants,
and one ensign, for each company to be raised in their respec-
tive counties, and that the field officers appointed to the com-
mand of each battalion do appoint an adjutant and quarter-
master for the battalion.

"5. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That each
man, at the time of inlisting, do sign the following inlistment :

"'I, A. p., hereby promise and engage to enter into the service
of the United States, and to serve them until the ist day of April
next, unless sooner discharged by Congress, and to observe and
obey the orders of Congress and the orders of the generals and
officers set over me by them.'

" 6. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That each
man so entering himself as a volunteer, do furnish himself, at
his own expence, with a good musket with a bayonet, a cartouch-
box, blanket, canteen and knapsack.

" 7. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That in order
to encourage the inlistment of men, at a conjuncture so impor-
tant, there be allowed and paid as a bounty to each man who
shall voluntarily inlist as aforesaid, and be properly accoutred,
the sum of six dollars, over and above the Continental pay, to
be paid to him at the time he passes muster; and also every man
inlisting as aforesaid shall be furnished, at the publick expence,
with one pair of shoes and one pair of stockings.

"8. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That as soon
as any company shall be completed, the same shall be mustered
in the presence of one of the commissioners hereinafter named,
who are respectively appointed muster-masters for that purpose;
and upon such muster being had, the said company shall imme-
diately march to the place of general rendezvous to be appointed
hy the Brigadier General.

"9. And bt it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the


colonels of the said battalions are hereby directed to make
return, as soon as possible, to the Brigadier General, to be by
him laid before the Legislature, of the numbers of men inlisted
in each county of this State in the battalions aforesaid.

" 10. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That Sidney
Berry, Thomas Denny, Benjamin Halsey, and Asher Holmes,
Esquires, be, and they are hereby appointed commissioners for
paying the bounty and furnishing the shoes and stockings allowed
to each volunteer as aforesaid, who shall take receipts for all
monies by them, or any of them, paid as a bounty, and for all
shoes and stockings delivered out in manner aforesaid, signed
by the persons receiving the same, which receipts, when laid
b;fore the Legislature of this State, shall discharge the commis-
sioners, or any of them, of all monies legally paid for shoes or
stockings legally delivered out as aforesaid ; and that there be
allowed as a compensation to said commissioners for reviewing
the men, paying the bounty, and delivering out the shoes and
stockings, a sum after the rate of one per cent, for all monies by
them, or any of them, paid out as aforesaid. And the treasurer of
this State is hereby required to pay such commissioners, or any
of them, such sum or sums of money as may be necessary for the
above purpose.

"ir. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the
four battalions above directed to be raised, form one brigade, to
be under the command of Brigadier General Matthias William-

"12. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the
following officers be appointed to the command of the respective
battalions, videlicet :

"For the battalion to be raised in the counties of Bergen,
Essex, and Morris :

"Jacob Ford, Jr Colonel.

"Oliver Spencer Lieutenant Colonel.

"Richard Dey Major."

[The following changes took place in this battalion during the
term of service :

Colonel Jacob Ford, Jr., died.

Lieutenant Colonel Oliver Spencer, promoted Colonel.


Major Richard Dey, resigned.

Henry Axtell, appointed Major — resigned.

Samuel Hayes, appointed Major].

" For the battalion to be raised in the counties of Somerset,
Sussex, and Hunterdon :

' ' David Chambers Colonel.

"Jacob West Lieutenant Colonel.

" Enos Kelsey Major.

" For the battalion to be raised in the counties of Middlesex,
Monmouth, and Burlington :

" Charles Read Colonel.

"Thomas Seabrook Lieutenant Colonel.

"John Taylor Major.

" For the battalion to be raised in the counties of Gloucester,
Salem, and Cumberland :

"David Potter Colonel.

' ' Whitton Cripps Lieutenant Colonel.

"William Ellis Major.

" 13. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That any of
the said militia, while in service, be at liberty to inlist in any of
the four battalions to be raised in this State under the new estab-
lishment, and to serve agreeably to the late resolutions of the
Honourable Congress."

On the 19th of February, 1777, the seventh section of the
above act, giving a bounty of six dollars and a pair of shoes and
stockings, was repealed.

An act was passed on the 24th of September, 1777, to raise a
company of artillery. This battery was soon organized, and the
command was given to Captain Joshua Huddy. It was stationed
in Monmouth county, and did good service until the capture and
murder of this noted officer.

On the 2d day of June, 1779, an act was passed "to embody,
for a limited time, one thousand of the militia of this State for
the defence of the frontiers thereof" The method of monthly
rotation then in use was found to be inconvenient and expensive,
and as "interfering with the business of agriculture " — therefore
these additional State troops were called out. They were in-


listed to serve until December 15th, 1779. The law is similar
to the one just quoted, save in a few provisions. Fifty dollars
were named as the bounty for volunteers. Certain officials were
declared exempt, and substitutes were allowed to be hired. Sol-
diers were still obliged to furnish their own arms and accoutre-
ments ; but if lost in the service, without fault of the owner, the
value thereof was ordered to be paid.

On the 9th day of October, 1779, an act was passed "to
■embody, for a limited time, four thousand of the militia of this
State, by voluntary inlistment." This force was called out on
the recommendation of Congress, September 26th, 1779. They
were to continue in service until December 20th, 1779. The
quota of enlisted men of each county was made " four times the
number that were apportioned" under the last act.

The following is the classification, by counties, of the field
officers selected :

One regiment from Bergen, Morris, Somerset, and Sussex, to
consist of ten companies, of one hundred and eight men each.

Henry Vandike Colonel.

Benoni Hathaway Lieutenant Colonel.

Samuel Meeker Major.

One regiment from Essex, Middlesex, and Monmouth, to con-
sist of ten companies, of one hundred and six men each.

Asher Holmes ' Colonel.

Jacob Crane Lieutenant Colonel.

Clarkson Edgar Major.

One regiment from Hunterdon and Burlington, to consist of
ten companies, of one hundred and one men each.

John Taylor Colonel.

Joab Houghton Lieutenant Colonel.

Jacob Perkins Major.

One regiment from Gloucester, Salem, Cumberland, and Cape
May, to consist of eight companies, of one hundred and two
■men each.

Nicholas Stilwell Colonel.

Robert Brown Lieutenant Colonel.

Anthony Sharp Major.


On the yth day of June, 1780, an act was passed " to embody,
for a limited time, six hundred and twenty-four men for the
defence of the frontiers of this State." The term of service of
this force was limited to January ist, 1781. The mode of rais-
ing recruits under this call was by ordering a meeting of the
officers of militia in certain counties, dividing said militia into
" Classes," and apportioning the quota of able-bodied men from
each class. Each class must then furnish the men, hire substi-
tutes, or be assessed for the purpose of procuring them for delin-
quent classes. A mileage of one dollar per mile was ordered
paid, and a bonus, above Continental pay and rations, allowed
per month, ranging from five hundred dollars (Continental
money), to a colonel, to sixty dollars per month for the private

The following officers had charge of this force :

Samuel Hayes Major.

Two hundred and forty-three men, stationed in Bergen and
Middlesex, north of the Raritan river.

Asher Holmes Colonel.

Two hundred and sixty-two men, stationed in Monmouth and
Middlesex, south of the Raritan river.

Samuel Westbrook Major.

One hundred and nineteen men, stationed in Sussex.

On the 14th day of June, 17C0, an act was passed raising six
hundred and twenty-four men, in the same manner as by the act
of June 4th, which men were iramediately to be transferred to
the Continental Line, to complete the three regiments of the
State. Their tf rm of service was, however, to end January ist,
1 781. Fifty dollars a day were given officers for recruiting these
men for the Jersey Brigade. M. the same time, an additional
company of thirty men was raised for Colonel Asher Holmes, as
referred to in last act. Officers — Ephraim Jenkins, Captain, and
Joshua Studson, Lieutenant.

On the 26ih day of December, 1780, eight hundred and
twenty men were ordered to be raised, in the same manner and
for the same purpose as provided in the preceding act. Service
limited to January ist, 1782.


The following was the assignment of station and the officers
of this levy :

Eergen county — one hundred and twenty men, in two com-

John Outwater Captain.

Joseph Catterline Lieutenant.

Abraham Hoagland Ensign.

Thomas Blanch Captain.

David Demarest Lieutenant.

Jacobus Bogart Ensign.

Essex county — two hundred and fifty- nine men, in four com-

John Scudder Captain.

)avid Woodruff. .' Lieutenant.

Daniel Baker Ensign.

\ Jol

Jonas Ward Captain.

C. Victor King Lieutenant.

Lemuel Minthorn Ensign.

Robert Neil Captain.

Anthony Brown Lieutenant.

John Burnet Ensign.

John Craig ; Capt ain.

Cornelius Williams Lieutenant.

John Miller Ensign.

Middlesex county — one hundred and twenty men, in two

Matthew Freeman Captain.

James Dunn Lieutenant.

Asher Fitz-Randolph Ensign.

Simeon Van Winkle Lieutenant.

James Morgan, Jr Ensign.


Monmouth county — two hundred and fifty-nine men, in three

"■-John Walton Captain.

Nathan Sheppard Lieutenant.

John Morris Ensign.

Samuel Carhart Captain.

John Davis Lieutenant.

Matthias Johnson Ensign.

David Anderson Captain.

Moses Sheppard Lieutenant.

David Imlay Ensign.

Sussex county — sixty men, in one company.

Richard Edsall Captain.

William Catacunch Lieutenant.

Wilhelmus Westbrook Ensign.

By reason of the incursions of Indians, another company was
added to the one in Sussex county, just mentioned, by act dated
June ist, 1 781. Three men were called for from each company
of militia in the county, and the following officers were selected:

James Bonnel Captain.

Jacob Rosecrantz Lieutenant.

John Willing Ensign.

Another call for troops was made December 29th, 1781, and
this for four hundred and twenty-two men, for service until De-
cember 15th, 1782.

The following officers were selected for this command :

Samuel Hayes Major Commanding.

Bergen County :

Peter Ward Captain.

Joseph Catterline Lieutenant.

Samuel Verbryke Ensign.


Essex County :

John Craig Captain.

John Spier Lieutenant.

Charles Clark , Ensign.

Lemuel Minthorn Ensign.

Middlesex County (north side of Raritan) :

Asher Fitz-Randolph Captain.

Lewis Fitz-Randolph Ensign.

Middlesex County (south side of Raritan) :

Nicholas Morgan Lieutenant. ,

Sussex County :

James Bonnel Captain.

Caleb Hopkins Lieutenant.

Anthony Blackford Ensign.

Monmouth County :


John Walton Captain.

David Rhea Lieutenant.

Jonathan Forman Cornet.

Jaques Denise Lieutenant.

Burlington County :

Jacob Cooper Captain.

Gloucester County :

Simon Lucas Captain.

Salem County ;

Nicholas Keen Captain.

Cumberland County ;

Charles Allen Captain.

CaJ>e May County :

Humphry Stites Captain.

The companies from Salem, Cumberland, and Cape May were
ordered to do "duty on land or water."



On the 3d day of June, 1775, an act providing a "plan for
regulating the militia of the Colony" was passed in the Provincial
Congress of New Jersey, then in session at Trenton.

It was as follows :

"The Congress, taking into consideration the cruel and arbi-
trary measures adopted and pursued by the British Parliament
and present ministry, for the purpose of subjugating the Ameri-
can Colonies to the most abject servitude, and being apprehen-
sive that all pacific measures for the redress of our grievances
will prove ineffectual, do think it highly necessary that the
inhabitants of this Province be forthwith properly armed and
disciplined for defending the cause of American freedom ; and
further considering that, to answer this desirable end, it is
requisite that such persons be entrusted with the command of
the militia as can be confided in by the people, and are truly
zealous in support of our just rights and privileges, do recom-
mend and advise that the good people of this Province hence-
forward strictly observe the following rules and regulations, until
this Congress shall make further order therein :

" I. That one or more companies, as the case may require, be
immediately formed in each township or corporation, and, to
this end, that the several committees in this Province do, as
soon as may be, acquaint themselves with the number of male
inhabitants in their respective districts, from the age of sixteen
to fifty, who are capable of bearing arms, and thereupon form
them into companies, consisting, as near as may be, of eighty
men each ; which companies, so formed, shall, each by itself,
assemble and choose, by plurality of voices, four persons from
among themselves, of sufficient substance and capacity for its
officers, namely — one captain, two lieutenants, and an ensign.


" 2. That the officers so chosen appoint, for their respective
companies, fit persons to be Serjeants, corporals, and drummers.

" 3. That, as soon as the companies are so formed, the officers
of such a number of companies as shall by them be judged
proper to form a regiment, do assemble and choose one colonel,
one lieutenant colonel, a major, and an adjutant for each regi-

"4. That each captain, as soon as elected, furnish himself
with a muster-roll, after the form following, to be signed by
every person under his command, viz. :

"'We, the subscribers, do voluntarily inlist ourselves in the

company of , in the township of , in the county of

• , under the command of Colonel ■ , (if a colonel

shall be chosen at the time of subscribing), and do promise to
obey our officers in such service as they shall appoint us, agree-
able to the rules and orders of the Provincial Congress. Wit-
ness our hands,' &c.

" 5. That the persons so inlisted meet under the directions of
their officers, in such manner, and at such times and places as
shall by them be judged necessary for their improvement in
military discipline, and that each whole company do assemble at
least once a month, for the same purpose ; and that a general
muster or review of the whole regiment be had as often and at
such times as the field officers shall appoint.

"6. That each person inlisted be equipped, as soon as possi-
ble, with arms and ammunition, in such manner as by the field
officers of such regiment shall be directed.

" 7. That due obedience be paid to the officers, and strict
attention observed in learning the military exercise.

" 8. That where companies and regiments are already formed,
and officers chosen and appointed, the same be continued ; pro-
vided, that they do adopt such further rules and orders respecting
the signing of a muster-roll, days of meeting and reviews, as are
hereinbefore contained, and that, where part only of the officers
are already appointed and chosen, they do proceed to elect such
other officers as remain yet to be chosen, in conformity to the
rules herein contained."

This plan of regulating the militia was still further considered
and amended, August i6th, 1775. After that date all officers


chosen were ordered to be commissioned by the Provincial Con-
gress or the Committee of Safety. Penalties and fines were then
exacted for disobedience, refusal to bear arms, or absence at

The following arrangement of militia was then ordered :

Bergen county, one regiment.

Essex county, two regiments.

Middlesex county, two regiments.

Somerset county, two regiments.

Monmouth county, three regiments.

Morris county, two regiments and one battalion.

Sussex county, two regiments and one battalion.

Hunterdon county, four regiments.

Burlington county, two regiments and a company of rangers.

Gloucester county, three battalions.

Salem county, one regiment.

Cumberland county, two battalions.

Cape May county, one battalion.

" Minute Men " having been raised in the counties of Morris,
Sussex, and Somerset, this ordinance also ordered, in obedience
to the recommendation of Continental Congress, the several
counties to furnish them in these proportions :

Bergen county, four companies.
Essex county, six companies.
Middlesex county, six companies.
Monmouth county, six companies.

Online LibraryNew Jersey. Adjutant-General's OfficeOfficial register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war → online text (page 22 of 53)