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Official register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war online

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Jonathan Holmes Second Lieutenant.

Lewis Woodruff. Second Lieutenant.

Derick Lane Second Lieutenant.

Nathan Wright Second Lieutenant.

James Hallet Second Lieutenant.

Benjamin Lawrence Second Lieutenant.

Elisha Holmes Second Lieutenant.

George Cook Second Lieutenant.

Seth Johnson Ensign.

John Blair Ensign.

Abel Weyman Ensign.

Ephraim Whitlock Ensign.

William Kerr Ensign.

Peter Bowne Ensign.

William Barton Ensign.

George McFarland Ensign.


First Company :

William Bond Captain.

John Martin First Lieutenant.

Samuel Brackenridge Second Lieutenant.

James Sprowls Ensign.


Second Cotnpany ,-

John Anderson Captain.

James Hallet First Lieutenant.

Abel Weyman Second Lieutenant.

Benjamin Horn Ensign.

Third Company :

Noadiah Wade Captain.

Zophar Carnes First Lieutenant.

John Pipes Second Lieutenant.

Clement Wood Ensign.

JFourih Company :

James Holmes Captain.

Alexander Mitchell First Lieutenant.

Elisha Holmes Second Lieutenant.

Peter Bowne Ensign.

Fifth Company :

Jonathan Kinsey Captain.

Bateman Lloyd First Lieutenant.

Samuel Conn Second Lieutenant.

John Blair Ensign.

Sixth Company :

Jonathan Forman Captain.

Richard Edsall First Lieutenant.

Jonathan Holmes Second Lieutenant.

Ephraim Whitlock Ensign.

Seventh Company :

Abraham Lyon Captain.

David Edgar First Lieutenant.

William Barton Second Lieutenant.

John Reed Ensign.

Eighth Company .

John Pearson Captain.

Seth Johnson First Lieutenant.

Benjamin Lawrence Second Lieutenant.

Beatty Ensign .



Captain Robert Gaston, declined.

Captain Abraham Lyon, resigned.

Captain John Pearson, resigned.

First Lieutenant Peter Low, declined.

First Lieutenant Joseph Skelton, declined.

First Lieutenant James Hallet, resigned.

First Lieutenant David Edgar, promoted Captain — resigned.

Second Lieutenant Samuel Schooley, declined.

Second Lieutenant Nathan Wright, retired.

Second Lieutenant Derrick Lane, transferred to' Second Bat-

Second Lieutenant George Cook, retired.

Ensign James Sprowls, died.

Ensign William Kerr, retired.

Ensign George McFarland, died.

Absalom Bonham, appointed Second Lieutenant, transferred
to First Battalion.

Wessel T. Stout, appointed Second Lieutenant, transferred to
Third Battalion.

First Lieutenant Alexander Mitchell, promoted Captain.

First Lieutenant Bateman Lloyd, promoted Captain.

Second Lieutenant Archibald Dallas, (First Battalion), pro-
moted Captain.

Second Lieutenant Abel Weyman, promoted First Lieutenant.

Second Lieutenant Jonathan Holmes, promoted First Lieu-

Second Lieutenant William Barton, promoted First Lieu-

Ensign Ephraim Whitlock, promoted Second Lieutenant,
afterwards First Lieutenant.

Ensign John Blair, promoted Second Lieutenant, afterwards
First Lieutenant.

Ensign John Reed, promoted Second Lieutenant.
Ensign Benjamin Horn, promoted Second I ieutenant.
Jacob Martin, appointed Captain.

Harker, appointed First Lieutenant.

William Anderson, appointed Ensign.
Stewart, appointed Ensign.


On the 23d of October, 1776, Colonel William Maxwell was
elected by Congress, Brigadier General, and soon after assumed
command of the four battalions raised on this establishment,.
called "Maxwell's Brigade."

It appears that the First Battalion was fully organized in De-
cember, 1776, the Second Battalion about February ist, 1777,
the Fourth Battalion about the close of the same month, and the
Third Battalion, although Colonel Dayton and Captain Bloom-
field left their first commands at Ticonderoga a few days after
the inspection, did not get into the field before the last of April.

In the month of May, 1777, General Maxwell's Brigade was
placed in the division of the American Army commanded by
Major General Adam Stephens, of North Carolina. It was then
encamped at Elizabethtown, Bound Brook, and Spanktown
(Rahway). During the summer, the division of General Ste-
phens marched through Pennsylvania and Delaware, and on the
morning of September nth, a portion of the "Jersey Line"
opened the battle of Brandywine. They continued in the fight
all that day, on the advance of the division. After the battle, the
brigade continued marching and countermarching, had a skir-
mish with the enemy at White Horse Tavern, on the Lancaster
road, passed near Yellow Springs, Reading Furnace, Worcester,
and then towards the enemy, and finally encamped at German-
town. A battle took place at this post on the 4th of October.
With the brigade of North Carolina troops commanded by
Brigadier General Francis Nash, Maxwell's Brigade formed the
corps de resei-ve and left wing of the American Army. This
division was commanded by Major General Lord Stirling, of
New Jersey. The whole command distinguished itself in this
fight, but especially the First Battalion, which suffered severely
in both officers and men.

In December, 1777, the cantonment of the army was proposed
by General Washington, and, in this connection. Congress called
upon him December 19th for a report thereon, and urged that
measures be immediately agreed upon for the protection of New
Jersey. The following is the text of the resolution :

"Resolved, That General Washington be informed that, in
the opinion of Congress, the State of New Jersey demands, in a
peculiar degree, the protection of the armies of the United


States, so far as the same can possibly be extended, consistent
with the safety of the army and the general welfare, as that State
lies open to attacks from so many quarters, and the struggles
which have been made by the brave and virtuous inhabitants of
that State, in defence of the common cause, cannot fail of ex-
posing them to the particular resentment of a merciless enemy."

Maxwell's Brigade was most of the winter with the army at
Valley Forge, and, on the evacuation of Philadelphia by the
British, June i8th, 1778, was detached from the main army, and
with some militia, was ordered to harrass and impede General
Clinton's force. The British Army marched towards New York
by way of Moorestown and Mount Holly. The army under
Washington crossed the Delaware river at Coryell's Ferry (Lam-
bertville), and passed through Hopewell, Princeton, Kingston,
Cranberry, and Englishtown, and met the enemy near Freehold.
Maxwell's Brigade was afterwards joined by six hundred Conti-
nental troops, commanded by Colonel Daniel Morgan, of Vir-
ginia, and again by fifteen hundred picked troops, under Briga-
dier General Charles Scott, of Virginia, and one thousand under
Brigadier General Anthony Wayne, of Pennsylvania. The entire
force engaged in harrassing the enemy was in command of Gene-
ral Lafayette. On the 28th of June, 1778, the "Jersey Line"
joined the left wing of the army, and the brigade, as well as the
militia under Major General Philemon Dickinson, participated
in the battle of Monmouth, fought on that day.

The brigade, after the fight, was sadly in want of clothing,
and many and urgent were the requests made therefor to the

The winter of 1778-9 was passed mostly at Elizabethtown-,
although a detachment of the Second Battalion was stationed in
Newark, and a detachment of the Fourth Battalion in Spank-
town (Rahway).

In consequence of the "Massacre of Wyoming," Maxwell's
Brigade, on the nth day of May, 1779, ^'^s ordered, with the
first or principal division, under Major General John Sullivan,
of New Hampshire, to march up the Susquehanna into the settle-
ments of the Seneca Indians. Attached to the brigade at this
time were Colonel Oliver Spencer's regiment. Colonel David For-
man's regiment. Colonel Elisha Sheldon's (of Connecticut) regi-


ment of light dragoons, and one battery of artillery. On the
9th of October, the brigade was ordered to return to New Jersey.

On the 23d of June, 1780, the Jersey troops, Continental and
militia, took a prominent part in the fight at Springfield.

A new arrangement of the American Army was made by Con-
gress, May 27th, 1778. Each battalion of infantry was to con-
sist of nine companies, one of which was to be light infantry.
Each of the field officers was to command a company ; the adju-
tant, quartermaster, and paymaster to be taken from the line;
the lieutenant of the colonel's company to have the rank of cap-
tain lieutenant. One surgeon and one surgeon's mate were
added to the field and staff; one serjeant major, one quartermas-
ter Serjeant, one drum major, and one fife major made the non-
commissioned staff; and six captains, one captain lieutenant,
eight lieutenants, nine ensigns, twenty-seven Serjeants, twenty-
seven corporals, eighteen drummers and fifers, and four hundred
and seventy-seven privates formed the balance of each battalion.

The following resolution was passed by Congress, March 9th,

"Resolved, That the infantry of these United States for the
next campaign be composed of eighty battalions, viz..

" Three battalions New Jersey.

"That each of the said battalions consist of the number of
commissioned and non-commissioned officers and privates estab-
lished by an act of Congress, passed on the 27th day of May

"Whereas, Congress, by an act of January 23d last, did,
among other things, authorize the Commander-in-Chief to take
the most effectual measures to inlist, for the continuance of the
war, new recruits in the United States, to complete the battalions
to their proper complement, and, for this purpose, to grant to
each new recruit who should inlist in any of the Continental
battalions during the war, such a bounty as the Commander-in-
Chief should think fit, but not to exceed two hundred dollars ;
and it being apprehended that the said provision will not answer
the good purposes thereby intended —

"Resolved, That the above-recited clause of the said act of


Congress be repealed, and that it be earnestly recommended to
the several States to make up and complete their respective bat-
talions to their full complement, by draughts, or in any other
manner they shall think proper, and that they have their quotas
of deficiencies ready to take the field, and to march to such place
as the Commander-in-Chief shall direct, without delay.

"That a bounty of two hundred dollars, out of the Continen-
tal treasury, shall be granted to each recruit who, after the 23d
day of January last, hath inlisted or shall inlist during the war ;
or, in case the State shall have granted as great or greater bounty,
the said two hundred dollars, for every such recruit, shall be
passed to the credit of the State, respectively, for whose quota
he shall be raised."

The Legislature of New Jersey, June 9th, 1779, passed the
following :

"An Act for recruiting, by voluntary inlistment, the three regi-
ments of this State in the service of the United States.

"Whereas, By the resolutions of the United States, in Con-
gress assembled, bearing date the 9th day of March last, the seve-
ral States are required to complete, by inlistments, during the
war, their respective quotas of forces in the armies of the United
States ; and whereas, it is the duty of this State to take effectual
measures for complying with the said requisition, as far as the
embarrassed and difficult condition thereof, in respect of the seat
and operations of the war, will permit —

"i. Beit enacted by the Council and General Assem-
bly, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That
three hundred and sixty-five able-bodied and effective volunteers
be inlisted into the three regiments of this State in the service
of the United States, to continue in the said service during the
present war with Great Britain.

" 2. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the
Governor or Commander-in-Chief of this State, for the time
being, do, as soon as may be after the passing of this act, make
application to the Commander-in-Chief of the armies of the
United States for such and so many officers as he, the said Gov-
ernor, may think expedient to be sent into different and conve-
nient parts of the State, for the purpose of inlisting and forward-


ing the recruits which may engage in the service on the terms in
this act held forth.

"3. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That there
shall be allowed to each and every officer who shall be so em-
ployed in the recruiting service, and to each and every officer
of the militia of this State, for every able-bodied effective recruit
which he shall inlist or procure to be inlisted as aforesaid, the
sum of twenty dollars, to be paid by the paymaster of the militia
of the county where such recruit is inlisted, on producing a cer-
tificate from any justice of the peace, setting forth that the person
so said to be inlisted hath been duly sworn or affirmed before
him to serve as a soldier in one of the three regiments of this
State in the service of the United States, for the term herein-
above mentioned, and likewise a certificate from some one of
the officers hereinafter appointed to muster such recruits, setting
forth that such recruit hath been by him mustered and approved ;
and where the said soldier hath been inlisted by a militia officer,
a receipt from some one of the officers of the said three regi-
ments, setting forth that he hath received such recruit into the

" 4. And be it enacted. That exclusive of the sum of two hun-
dred dollars and the bounty of clothing and lands given by
the resolutions of Congress, there be paid to each able-bodied
recruit, or his order, by the paymaster of the militia of the
county where such recruit is inlisted, on a certificate from any
justice of the peace, setting forth that the claimant hath been
duly sworn or affirmed before him to serve as a soldier in one
of the three regiments of this State, for the term herein above
mentioned, and likewise a certificate from some one of the offi-
cers hereinafter appointed to muster such recruits, setting forth
that such volunteer hath been by him mustered and approved.

"5. And it is hereby further enacted. That each and every
recruit, inlisted as aforesaid, shall be entitled to the pay and
emoluments allowed to such as belong to the troops of this State,
from the day of his inlistment inclusively, and shall at his elec-
tion, enter iiito any company of any of the three regiments of
this State, provided such company be not already full.

"6. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That any
field officer in the service of the United States, or any field


officer of the militia in the county in which such recruit shall
be inlisted, shall be, and they hereby are authorized and em-
powered to muster any recruit so as above inlisted, and to grant
a certificate as above directed of his having been so by them
mustered and approved.

" 7. And be it enacted, That the paymasters of the militia,
respectively, who may make any payments by virtue of this act,
shall, on producing separate accounts and vouchers thereof, be
allowed the same in their settlement with the State.

" 8. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That
if any recruiting officer or other person, from and after the date
hereof, shall presume to inlist any person in any of the counties
of this State to serve in any regiment, troop, or company be-
longing to any of the neighbouring States, or in any other troops
whatever, otherwise than in the regiments belonging to this
State, or in such troops or companies as have been or shall be
assigned as the quota of this State, in the service of the United
States, or shall detain, convey away, or refuse to release any
person so inlisted, contrary to the intent and meaning hereof,
such recruiting officer or other person so offending, shall, for
every such offence, forfeit and pay the sum of five hundred
pounds, to be recovered in any court of record where the same
may be cognizable within this State, by any person that will sue
for the same ; one-half to the prosecutor, and the other half to
and for the use of the State."

On the 9th day of February, 1780, Congress called upon New
Jersey for sixteen hundred and twenty men to fill up the " Jersey
Line ' ' for the campaign of that year.

The deficiency then existing in the three regiments was
ordered to be filled by the Legislature, March nth, 1780. The
act passed that date " for completing the quota of troops belong-
ing to this State" differs but little from that of the previous
year, just recited. The former act was repealed, and a substi-
tute passed. Four hundred volunteers were called for, and the
bounty was raised to one thousand dollars, exclusive of the
Continental bounty and emoluments. Two hundred dollars
premium was ordered paid to each officer who procured a re-
cruit, and the following officers, from the several counties, were
appointed to muster the same :


Bergen — Colonel Theunis Dey.

Essex — Colonel Moses Jaques.

Middlesex — Colonel John Webster.

Monmouth — Colonel Asher Holmes.

Somerset — Colonel Frederick Frelinghuysen.

Burlington — Colonel Thomas Reynolds.

Gloucester — Colonel Joseph Ellis.

Salem — Major Edward Hall.

Hunterdon — Major Joseph Brearley.

Cape May — Captain John Cresse.

il/^rrw— Lieutenant Colonel Benoni Hathaway.

Cumberland — Lieutenant Colonel Abijah Holmes.

Sussex — Major John Van Vleet.

These muster-masters were allowed sixteen dollars on the mus-
ter of each recruit.

The act of the Legislature, March nth, not "fully answering
the purposes thereby intended," was amended June 14th, 1780,
by calling for six hundred and twenty-four men to be raised in
the several counties of this State, to continue in service until the
ist day of January, 1781, they to be raised in the following
proportion :

Bergen, thirty-three men ; Essex, forty-five ; Middlesex,
forty-seven ; Monmouth, sixty ; Somerset, fifty-four; Burlington,
sixty-five ; Gloucester, fifty-one ; Salem, fifty-one ; Cape May,
thirteen; Hunterdon, eighty-four; Morris, fifty-one; Cumber-
land, thirty; Sussex, fifty.

On the 25th day of June, 1781, it was found necessary by the
Legislature to adopt still more eff'ectual means of completing the
quota of troops. The deficit at this date was four hundred and
fifty men. Recruiting officers were then appointed in the seve-
ral counties, viz. :

Bergen — Captain Peter Ward.
Essex — Ephraim Marsh, Jr.
Middlesex — Captain Robert Ross.
Monmouth — Gilbert Longstreet.
Somerset — Captain Nathaniel Porter.
Burlington — Captain Marmaduke Curtis.
Gloucester — Captain John Davis.


Salem — Captain John Kelly.
Cape May — Lieutenant Amos Cresse.
Hunterdon — Captain John Mott.
Morris — Captain Jacob Arnold.
Cumberland — Captain Amos Woodruff.
Sussex — Captain George Reynolds.

The bounty then authorized to be paid to each recruit was
twelve pounds in gold or silver. One shilling in gold, silver, or
copper coin was allowed him per day, in lieu of subsistence,
until he was mustered and marched to join his regiment. Thirty
shillings in coin were given each recruiting officer who procured
a man able to pass muster. These volunteers, unlike those em-
bodied for the Continental troops, in 1780, were engaged to
serve during the war.

In the summer of 1780, a committee of Congress was ap-
pointed to make the "arrangement" for the officers of the
First, Second, and Third Regiments of this State. It appears
that many of the line officers of the second establishment, rather
than be retired as supernumeraries, accepted assignment to duty
in a lower grade than that theretofore held by them.

The joint meeting of the Legislature confirmed the arrange-
ment September 26th, 1780.

The following is the roster of officers of these regiments under
the third, or last establishment for troops :







Matthias Ogden Colonel.

David Brearley Lieutenant Colonel.

Daniel Piatt Major.

Jacob Piatt Adjutant.

Peter Lott Quartermaster.

Cyrus D' Hart Paymaster.

David Ervin Surgeon.

Stephen Ball Surgeon's Mate.

Lieutenant Colonel David Brearley, resigned.
Major Daniel Piatt, died.
Quartermaster Peter Lott, resigned.
Surgeon's Mate Stephen Ball, resigned.

Captain John N. Cumming, (Second Regiment), promoted
Major, promoted Lieutenant Colonel, Second Regiment.

Major John Conway, (Third Regiment), promoted Lieutenant

Captain Samuel Reading, (Second Regiment), promoted

Lieutenant William Barton, promoted Quartermaster.

Jacob Harris, promoted Surgeon's Mate, promoted Surgeon,
Third Regiment.


Jonathan Forman Captain.

John Flahaven • Captain.



Giles Mead Captain .

Alexander Mitchell Captain.

Peter V. Voorhies Captain.

John Holmes Captain.

Aaron Ogden Captain-Lieutenant.

Jacob Piatt Lieutenant and Adjutant.

William Piatt Lieutenant.

Cyrus ]3'Hart Lieutenant and Paymaster.

John Howell Lieutenant.

William Barton Lieutenant.

Absalom Martin Lieutenant.

Ephraim Whi tlock Lieutenant.

Eden Burrowes Lieutenant.

Peter Lett Ensign and Quartermaster.

Jonathan Snowden Ensign .

Samuel Seeley Ensign.

Silas Parri t Ensign .

Absalom Bonham. ; Ensign.

Aaron Rhea Ensign.

Asher Levy Ensign.

John Geary Ensign.

John Bishop Ensign.

Captain John Flahaven, resigned.
Captain Peter A'". Voorhies, killed.
Captain Jacob Piatt, resigned.
Ensign Aaron Rhea, resigned.
Ensign Asher Levy, resigned.
Ensign John Geary, resigned.

Captain-Lieutenant Aaron Ogden, promoted Captain, after-
wards promoted Brigade Major and Aid-de-Camp.

Lieutenant Jacob Piatt, promoted Captain-Lieutenant, after-
wards Captain.

Lieutenant William Piatt, promoted Captain.

Lieutenant Cyrus D'Hart, promoted Captain-Lieutenant, after-
wards Captain.



Lieutenant Nathaniel Leonard, (Third Regiment), promoted
Captain-Lieutena u, promoted Captain, Third Regiment.

Lieutenant Jo i . Howell, promoted Captain.

Lieutenant a ici Quartermaster William Barton, promoted

Lieutenant AbjaUm Martin, promoted Captain.

Lieutenant E )'iraim Whitlock, promoted Adjutant.

Ensign Peter L;-tt, promoted Lieutenant and Quartermaster.

Ensign Jona:ian Snowden, promoted Lieutenant.

Ensign Samuil Seeley, promoted Lieutenant.

Ensign Silas Parrit, promoted Lieutenant.

Ensign Absalom Bonh^jn, promoted Lieutenant.

Serjeant William Tuttle, (Third Regiment), promoted Ensign.

William Anderson, appointed Ensign.

Cornelius R. Suydam, appointed Ensign.

Captain Cyrus D'Hart, transferred to Second Regiment.
Lieutenant Jonathan Snowden, transferred to "Lee's Legion,"
Continental Army.



Israel Shreve Colonel.

William D'Hart Lieutenant Colonel.

Richard Howell Major.

Luther Halsey Adjutant.

Derrick Lane Quartermaster.

John Peck ,.... Pay master.

Ebenezer Elmer Surgeon.

Moses G. Elmer Surgeon's Mate.

Lieutenant Colonel William D'Hart, resigned.

Major Richard Howell, resigned.

Lieutenant and Paymaster John Peck, resigned office of Pay-

Major John N. Gumming, (First Regiment), promoted Lieu-
tenant Colonel, promoted Lieutenant Colonel Commandant,
Third Regiment.


Major Jonathan Forman, (Third Regiment), promoted Lieu-
tenant Colonel.

Captain John Ross, (Third Regiment), promoted Major, ap-
pointed Brigade Major and Inspector, "Jersey Brigade."

Captain Richard Cox, (First Regiment), promoted Major.


John Hollinshead Captain.

John N. Cumming Captain.

Samuel Reading Captain.

Nathaniel Bowman Captain.

Jonathan Phillips Captain.

William Helms Captain.

Samuel Hendry Captain-Lieutenant.

Samuel Neglee Lieutenant.

Jonathan Holmes Lieutenant.

Aaron Lane Lieutenant.

Abel Weyman Lieutenant.

Derrick Lane Lieutenant and Quartermaster.

Luther Halsey Lieutenant and Adjutant.

John Peck Lieutenant and Paymaster.

Samuel Conn Lieutenant.

Abraham Stout Ensign .

Abraham Appleton Ensigru

Nathaniel Jenkins Ensign.

John Shreve Ensign.

Samuel Shute Ensign .

James Paul Ensign.

Jonathan Rhea Ensign.

Benajah[^Osmun Ensign .

George Walker Ensign.

Lieutenant Samuel Neglee, resigned.
Lieutenant Aaron Lane, resigned.
Lieutenant'John Hutchins, resigned.
Lieutenant John Shreve, resigned.
Ensign Nathaniel Jenkins, died.

Captain-Lieutenant Samuel Hendry, promoted Captain.

Online LibraryNew Jersey. Adjutant-General's OfficeOfficial register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war → online text (page 3 of 53)