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Celebration of the bi-centennial anniversary of the New Jersey Legislature, 1683-1883 (Volume 1) online

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CELEBRATION



OF THE



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OF THE



NEW JERSEY. LEGISLATURE.



1683-1883.




Trenton, N. J.

NAAK, DAY & NAAR,

Printers to the House or Assembly.

1883.



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tflAH 8 1906
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Bi-Centennial Celebration



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURE.



The one hundred and seventh legislature of the State of New
Jersey, opened on the 9th day of January, 1883. On Tuesday
January 16th, the following resolution was offered by Hon. Geo.
T. Cranmer, of Ocean Co., and adopted.

Whereas, in the year 1682, East New Jersey was purchased
by proprietors from whom is derived all titles to land in this
section of the State ; and whereas, tiie first regular session of a
r Legislature consisting of two branches after and under that pur-
chase commenced March 1, 1683; therefore

Be it resolved, Senate concurring that a joint committee, con-
sisting of three members of the Senate and three members of the
House of Assembly, be appointed to consider the propriety of
commemorating the Bi-Centennial of this event by suitable his-
torical addresses relating to the past history of the New Jersey
Legislature, and by such other proceedings as they may deem
appropriate.

In pursuance of the resolution Speaker O'Connor appointed
the following committee:
James H. Neighbour, of Morris Co.
William Hill, of Essex Co.
George T. Cranmer, of Ocean Co.

The Senate also appointed a committee consisting of—
Isaac T. Nichols, of Cumberland Co.
Abraham V. Schenck, of Middlesex Co.
John Carpenter, Jr., of Hunterdon Co.



4 BI-CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION OF

On the 19th of February, 1883, a report was made to the House
from the committee appointed upon the celebration of the anni-
versary of tl)e Bi-Ceniennial Legislature of New Jersey, that, in
the opinion of the committee, the event was of sufficient interest
and historic importance to warrant the celebration, and recom-
mending the continuing of the committee, with power to carry
out their arrangements for the celebration.

Which recommendation was adopted.

The Committee invited Hons. Edwin Salter, of Ocean county,
i\ member of the Legislatures of 1857, 1858, 1859 (Speaker) and
1863, and Hon. Charles D. Deshler, of New Brunswick, to pre-
pare and deliver addresses on the occasion. Both gentlemen
accepted the invitation.

The press throughout the State was requested to circulate the
following notice —

The present Legislature, by a joint committee, duly appointed
for that purpose, has decided to commemorate a Bi-centennial
at the State House, in the City of Trenton, on the 1st. of March
next, and all ex-members and ex-State officials are requested to
send their address to J. H. Neighbour, Esq., either at Dover or
Trenton, N. J.

In response to the foregoing notice, the committee sent out
over nine hundred of the following invitations —

1683. 1883.

Coat-of-Arms.] BI-CENTENNIAL [Coat-of-Arms.

New Jersey Legislature.

Trenton, N. J. Feb. 1, 1883.
Whereas, the first regular session of a Legislature in East New
Jersey, under the Proprietors, commenced at Elizabeth, on the
first day of March, A. D., 1683 :

And whereas, the present Legislature, by concurrent resolu-
tion, has appointed a joint committee of the Senate and of the
House of Assembly, to take proceedings for commemorating its
Bi-Centennial, by suitable historical addresses and other appro-
priate exercises ;

And whereas, it has been decided to hold a Bi-Ceutennial at



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURE. 5

the State House, in Trenton, at the hour of two o'clock in the
afternoon of Thursday, March 1, 1883, the committee take
pleasure in extending a special invitation to all ex-members
of the State Legislature, and to all former and present State
officials.

You are therefore requested to be present and take part in
the proposed commemoration.

Senate Committee, HouRe Committee,

Isaac T. Nichols, James H. Neighbour,

Of Cumberland, Of Morris,

Abraham V. Schenck, William Hill,

Of Middlesex, Of Essex,

John Carpenter, Jr., George T. Cranmer,

Of Hunterdon, Of Ocean.

On the morning of March first, by request of the Committee,
the Trenton papers gave the order of exercises, as follows —

Legislative Bi-Centennial.

The Programme of This Afternoorvs Exercises.

This afternoon the exercises commemorative of the two hun-
dredth anniversary of the New Jersey Legislature will be held
at Taylor Opera House. Admission will be by ticket, which
can be procured of the committee. Doors will be open at half
past one o'clock, and ushers will be in attendance to escort ticket
holders, ex-members and invited guests to seats in the dress
circle and parquette. The Senators and members of the As-
sembly will occupy seats on the stage.

The exercises, which will commence at two o'clock, will con-
sist of the following

programme.

Prayer by Rev. Dr. Hall, of Trenton, music by Winkler's
Seventh Regiment (N G. N, J.) Band ; address by Hon. Edwin
Salter, of Ocean county ; music by the German American Sing-
ing Society, of Newark; address by Hon. Charles D. Deshler, of
New Brunswick ; music by the German American Singing So-



6 BI-CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION OF

ciety, of Newark ; music by Winkler's Seventh (N. G. N. J.)
Band.

The German American Singing Society, of Newark, will have
forty-eight voices, under the direction of August Shseffenberger.
It will sing the "Centennial Hymn," composed R. J. White. The
hymn is printed on a neat card, which will be presented as a
souvenir to members and officers, etc., by the Society.

This evening Governor Ludlow will hold a reception at the
State House from 8 to 11 o'clock, at which music will be fur-
nished by Prof. Petermann's orchestra.

[Slip from True American.]

New Jersey's Legislative Bi-Centennial.

A RE-UNION OF THE STATE's LEGISLATORS.

The Members of the Present and Survivors of Past Legislators
Unite to Celebrate the Two Hundredth Anniversary of the
Event; Interesting Exercises at Tailor Opera House; Recep-
tion by Governor Ludlow at the State Capitol.

Taylor Opera House, Thursday afternoon, presented an ani-
mated appearance, and was filled with a most attentive audience,
which was composed of citizens from every part of the State.
Under direction of Quartermaster-General Perrine, the front of
the gallery was decorated by festoons of flags, with a shield bear-
ing the Stars and Stripes over each gas bracket. National and
State flags hung from the proscenium boxes. On the stage were
seated the members of both branches of the Legislature and
State officers. The proscenium box on the left contained Gover-
nor Ludlow, ex-Governors Parker and Ward, and State Treas-
urer Wright; in the one on the right were ex-Governor Price,
Chancellor Runyon, and other gentlemen. The ex-senators,
assemblymen, and State officers were seated in the parquet, and
almost every seat was occupied, so that nearly four hundred of
the former legislators of the State responded to the invitation to
be present. Winkler's Seventh Regiment (N. G. N. J.) Band
occupied the centre of the gallery, the remainder of which, and



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURE. 7

t 'e dress circle down stairs, was provided for citizens who were
fortunate enough to hold tickets of admission.

The members of the Legislature met at tlie State Capitol at
lialf-past one o'clock, and marched in a body, headed by Presi-
dent of the Senate Gardner, and Speaker of the Assembly O'Con-
ner, through State and Greene streets, to the Opera House.

Shortly after two o'clock the Legislature arrived and took
seats upon the stage.

Hon. James H. Neighbour, the chairman of the committee
which had charge of the arrangements of the celebration, came
forward, and stated that in the absence of the President of the
Senate, who was unable to be present, the Speaker of the House
of Assembly would preside.

Speaker O'Connor then took the chair and called the assem-
blage to order.

Rev. S. M. Studdiford, pastor of the Third Presbj'terian
Church, offered prayer.

Speaker O'Connor said that he had been requested by the
members of the press, to ask the ex-members who were present,
to write their names and the years of service on cards, which
would be collected by the pages during the music. This was
done, and the following are the names of those

WHO WERE PRESENT.

David Neighbour, 1838; Nathan T. Stratton, 1843; William
Paterson, 1843; M. F. Carman, 1848; John T. Nixon, 1848.
(Speaker 1849); Henry H. Voorhis, 1848, 1849; Samuel H.
Hunt, 1848, 1849, 1850; David Van Fleet, 1848, 1849; James
Bishop, 1849, 1850; Thomas Hay, 1850, 1851; John F. Hage-
man, 1850, 1851 ; Smith Bilanback, 1851 ; Benjamin C. Taber,
1851, 1852; Josephus Shann, 1852, 1853, 1875; Andrew Van
Sickle, 1852, 1853; Charles Allen, 1852, 1867; Elijah L. Hen-
drickson, 1853; Jesse H. Diverty, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858;
John M. Board, 1855, 1880; John P. Rittenhouse, 1856, 1857;
J. M. Voorhees, 1856, 1857; Moses P. Smith, 1857; John H.
Horn, 1858, 1859; Jeptha Abbott, 1858, 1859, 1860; Robert
Aitken, 1859; David Mulford, 1860, 1861; George A. Halsey,

1861, 1862; William P. Tatem, 1861, 1862, 1863; E. P. Emson,

1862, 1870, Senator 1878, 1879, 1880; Edward W. Scudder, 1863,



8 BICENTENNIAL CELEBRATION OF

1864, 1865, (President of Senate 1865) ; Silas Young, 1863, 1864 ;
Joseph L. Reeves, 1863, 1864, 1865 ; Samuel Tatem, 1864 ; Abram

C. Coriell, 1865, 1866; J. M. Scovel, 18G6; Richard H.
Wilson, 1866, 1867; Noah D. Taylor, 1866, 1867, 1868; William
W. Clark, 1866, 1870; Elias Doughty, 1867 ; Peter A. Voorhees,
1867; Baltes Pickel, 1867, 186S; John J. Bergen, 1868, 1869,
1870; Thomas C. Pearce, 1868; John Dwyer, 1868, 1870; Theo-
dore Probasco, 1868, 1869, 1870; William W. Hawkins, 1869,
1870; John Kugler, 1870, 1871 ; Ferdinand Blancke, 1870, 1871,
1876; J. G. Hill, 1870, 1871, 1872; Samuel Hopkins, 1870 to
1876; Levi French, 1870, 1875; John C. Belden, 1871, 1872,
1873; John Dickinson, 1871; Charles C. Groscup, 1871, 1872;
William A. Ripley, 1871; Henry J. Irick, 1871 to 1873; Smith
Hewitt, 1872; Samuel Wilde, 1872, 1873; Cornelius Lydecker,
1872 to 1875; W. H. Iszard, 1873, 1874 ; Samuel T. Smith, 1874
to 1876; Joseph H. Voorhees, 1875, 1876, 1877; James Bird,
1875, 1876; Robert S. Hutchinson, 1876; Alex. Jacobus, 1876
1878; L. H. Atchley, 1876, 1877; D.niel L. Piatt. 1876; E.
H. Drake, 1876; William Carpenter, 1876; P. Con very, 1877,
1878; Lawrence Lock, 1877, 1878; William Budd Deacon,
1878 to 1882; Andrew J. Rider, 1878; Peter Cramer, 1878 to
1881; E. H. Crane, 1878, 1879; J. C. Jackson, 1879, 1880;
Richard A. Donnelly, 1879, 1880; J. H. Bruere, 1879, 1880;
John T. Dunn, 1879, 1880, 1881, Speaker, 1882; George Craft,

1880. 1881; Henry C. Herr, 1880, 1881, 1882; E. Bosenbury,
1880 to 1882; Thomas Lawrence, 1880 to 1882; Oscar Lindsle'y.

1881, 1882; Wm. C. Johnson, 1881, 1882; John F. Babcock
(Secretary of Senate), 1871 to 1874; John D. Rue, Rev. Dr. Ham-
mill, C. A. Felsh, Cornelius Beach, John L. Oakey, Robert Moore,
Thos. S. R. Brown, Andrew Smith Reeves, Henry Britton, S. R.
Husleton, D. B. Wyckoff, Joseph C. Magee, John Ringleman,

D. H. Banghart, Ezra Budd Marter, W. H. Bell, Wm. Henry
Hendrickson, Edmund L. Joy, James L. Hays, Andrew Jackson
Smith, Levi D. Jarrard. Robert G. Miller, Emraor Reeves, David
A. Bell, Benjamin Griggs, D. P. Van Dorn, S. B. Oviatt (ex-
Speaker), Jacob Hipp, J. N. Ramsay, John P. Rittenhouse, Char-
les Ladow, Isaiah W. Richman, W. R. Lippincott, George D.
Horner, Stephen Martin.



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURE. 9

[Slip from the Daily State Gazette.]

The Bi-Centennial.
paying tribute to the memories of legislators long since

DEAD.

Taylor Opera House Filled with Distinguished Jerseymen — The Cele-
bration a Grand Success.

Even the committee of Senators and Assemblymen that
worked so energetically to make the Legislative Bi-Centennial
celebration a success, did not anticipate for their labors as bril-
liant a result as was actually achieved. Never in its history,
perhaps has Taylor Opera House held a more distinguished
gathering of men than was seated within its walls Thursday
afternoon. Besides these, fully fifteen hundred other persons were
present, and every seat in the house seemed occupied. Flags
and bunting about the private boxes and balcony intensified
the feeling of patriotism that pervaded the entire affair. In one
of the boxes were seated Governor Ludlow, ex-Governors Mar-
cus L. Ward and Joel Parker, and State Treasurer Wright, and
in another ex-Governor Rodman M. Price, Chancellor Runyon,
ex-Senator Laird and Charles Wills. Scattered throughout the
auditorium, in addition to scores of gentlemen of local promi-
nence in various parts of the State, were ex-Congressman
George A. Halsey, Major George N. Halstead, Professor George
H. Cook, ex-Speakers Oviatt and Dunn, ex-Senators Samuel
Smith, of Sussex ; Lydecker, of Bergen ; Bosenbur}'', of Hunter-
don, and Irick, Reeves, Cramer, Abbett, Hopkins, Noah Taylor,
Lawrence, Banghart, Thompson and Horner; Adjutant General
Stryker, Clerk in Chancery Duryee, Comptroller Anderson, ex-
Congressman Wildrick, William A. Whitehead, Judges Scudder,
Paterson, Kirk, Nixon ; General Grubb, United States Marshal
Deacon, John F. Babcock, Rev. J. Y. Dobbins, President Mar-
gerum of the Common Council, Col. James M, Scovel, Dr. Bodine,
ex-Assemblymen Ringleman, Crane, Jacobus and Dominie Rob-
inson ; A. J. Smith and ex-Congressman Stratton. The members
of the present Legislature were seated on the stage.



10 BI-CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION OF

MEMBERS OF THE FIRST GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF EAST NEW JERSEY,
UNDER THE GOVERNMENT OF THE TWENTY-FOUR PROPRIETORS,
MARCH 1, 1683.

The division of East New Jersey into counties was not made
until March 13th, 1C83, when an act was passed creating the
counties of Bergen, Essex, Middlesex and Monmouth. The
House of Deputies at this session was composed of two members
from each of the towns as named below, who met at Elizabeth-
town, and subscribed the oath of allegiance, March 1, 1683, as
stated in the minutes of the Council, pages 29-30, which " oath
of subscription " was returned to the Council the 22d of the
same month.

Council.

Thomas Rudyard, Deputy Governor and Proprietor.

William Penu, } ^y • a
r, 1 ri V Proprietors,

feamuel (jrroome. j ^

Colonel Lewis Morris.

Captain John Berry.

Captain John Palmer.

Captain William Sandford.

Lawrence Andriessen.

Benjamin Price.

Messenger of Council, George Jewell.

Deputies.

Captain John Bowne, Speaker, Middletown.

Richard Hartshorne, Middletown.

Joseph Parker, Shrewsbury.

John Hance, Shrewsbury.

John Curtis, Newark.

Thomas Johnson, Newark.

Henry Lyon, Elizabethtown.

Benjamin Parkhurst, Elizabethtown.

Samuel Moore, Woodbridge.

Samuel Dennis, Woodbridge.

John Gillman, Plscataqua.

Edward Slater, Piscataqua.

Elias Michielson, Bergen.

Mathews Cornelis, Bergen.

Clerk of Deputies, Isaac Whitehead.



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURE. 11

HON. MR. Salter's address.

Mr. Neighbour stated that Mr. Salter's health was such that
he was unable to be present, and that the address which he had
prepared would be read by Senator Isaac T. Nichols, of Cum-
berland.

Address By Hon. Edwin Salter, of Ocean County.

THE first settlers OF NEW JERSEY THE PIONEERS OF TRUE

TOLERATION.

In the General Assembly which met at Elizabethtown two
hundred years ago, the most noted historical person named as
being present during the first week of the session, was William
Penn, who had arrived in America the October previous.

The most prominent claims for the respect and esteem of the
American people put forth in behalf of William Penn, are be-
cause of his dealing justly with the Indians and for establish-
ing religious toleration. No Jerseyman would wish to lessen
the honor awarded him for his course in these matters, but he
certainly was not the foremost in either of them. When Wil-
liam Penn sat in that Council at Elizabethtown two centuries
ago, the other branch of the Provincial Legislature was presided
over by Captain John Bowne, who had, with eleven associates,
in East Jerse}' set the example in both of these matters, seven-
teen years before Penn came to America.

About the year 1665, William Penn, then a young lawyer and
a man of the world, went to Ireland on business relating to an
estate of his father's. While there, as a soldier, he took part in
the siege of Carrickfergus and was so well pleased with himself and
with his military exploits, that he caused himself to be painted
in military costum.e. This is said to be the only genuine por-
trait of the great " Apostle of Peace." That same year, while
he was in arms in Ireland, Captain John Bowne and his asso-
ciates had obtained the noted Monmouth Patent, dated April
8th, 1665, for lands in East Jersey, and before attempting to
settle upon it they honorably and honestly bought every foot of
the land of the Indians, the records of which purchase are still
preserved in the Court House at Freehold. And it may be
added, in .the course of time, as needed, every foot of land in
New Jersey was honorably bought of the Indians and paid for
to their full satisfaction.

In regard to religious toleration, Captain John Bowne and his
associates declared in their patent that all settlers should have



12 BI-CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION OF

"Free liberty of conscience, without any molestation or
disturbance whatsoever in the way of their worship."

Two months before tliis patent was granted, Berkley and
Carteret had issued their " Concessions and Agreennents " with
all who might settle in any part of New Jersey, in which the
same principle was declared only more at length, for the whole
state. They declared "That no person qualified as aforesaid
(owning allegiance to the King) within the said province, shall
be anyways molested, punished, disquieted or called in question
for any difference of opinion or practice in matters of religious
concernments, who do not actually disturb the civil peace of
said province; but that all and ever}' such person and persons
may from time to time and at all times, freely and fully have
and enjoy liis and their judgments and consciences in matters of
religion throughout the said province, they behaving themselves
peaceably and quietly, and not using this liberty to licentious-
ness nor to the civil injury or outward disturbance of others ;
any law, statute or clause contained or to be contained, usage or
custom, of this realm of England to the contrary notwithstand-
ing." {Lcamivg dc Spicer, p. J4-)

In the agreement between Carteret and others of Elizabeth-
town, for settling two townships, made December, 1666, and in
the Woodbridge charter of June, 1669, libert}' of conscience ac-
cording to the forgoing concessions, was guaranteed to all who
should settle in Piscataqua and Woodbridge.

The foregoing unequivocal declarations in favor of unre-
stricted religious toleration were substantially adopted by Con-
gress over a century later, and it is only necessary to recall the
so-called toleration acts of the other States which claim pre-
eminence in this matter and compare them with these declara-
tions, to show that the first settlers of New Jersey were foremost
in establishing that " Free liberty of conscience without any
molestation wluitever," which is now guaranteed throughout the
great American Republic.

In Rhode Island, while Roger Williams favored " a free, full
and absolute liberty of conscience," and the charter of Charles
II. affirmed the same principle, yet that colony enacted that
" All men professing Christianity and of competent estates, and
of civil conversation, who acknowledge and are obedient to the
civil magistrate, though of different judgments in religious
afi'airs (Roman Catholics only excepted), shall be admitted free-
men and shall have liberty to choose and be chosen officers in
the colony both civil and military."

It is true that modern Rhode Island writers have expressed the
opinion that the words " Catholics only excepted " were not in the
original enactment but had been subsequently interpolated and
theygiye plausible, if not entirely satisfactory reasons. But leaving
that point in abeyance, the fact yet remains that non-professors of



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURE. 13

Christianity, among whom would be Jews, were excepted. Per-
sons not having competent estates were also excepted, and the
continuance of this exception down until quite modern times
resulted in a noted so-called " rebellion," well remembered by
many now living. On the other hand, in New Jersey, the Mon-
mouth Patent left the selection of officials to " the major part of
the inhabitants." In regard to Quakers in Rhode Island, the
toleration extended to them was not so unrestricted as in New
Jersey, for the General Assembly of that colony endeavored to
compel them to bear arms, which was contrary to the dictates
of their conscience in an important point in their religious faith.
The General Assembly of Rhode Island declared that —

" In case they, the said Quakers, which are here or who shall
arise or come among us, do refuse to subject themselves to all
duties aforesaid, as training, watching and such other engage-
ments as other members of civil societies, for the preservation of
the same in justice and peace; then we determine, yea, and we
resolve to take and make use of the first opportunity to inform
our agent resident in England that he may humbly present the
matter,'' etc. They wished, they said, no damage to the princi-
ple of freedom of conscience, but at the same time, their demand
of the Quakers that they should train, in other words, perform
military duty, was certainly an effort to compel them to act con-
trary to the dictates of their conscience in an essential part of
their religious belief. This effort to compel them "to train,"
may account for the fact that many members of that sect who
had been persecuted in Massachusetts and had sought refuge in
Rhode Island, did not become freemen there but only made a
temporary stay, and when the Monmouth Patent was granted,
they came to that county with the original settlers. Here, from
the outstart they were allowed all the,, privileges enjoyed by
other settlers, some of their number being elected as deputies
to frame laws, and to other offices, at the first election as well
as at subsequent elections. The}'' were not required '* to train,"
against their conscientious convictions. Besides which it may
be added, that our first settlers conducted themselves so justly
and friendly towards the Indians, that they had little or no oc-
casion to train for fear of them.

Maryland is another state, the founders of which have de-
servedly received commendation for the advanced steps taken by
them in the matter of toleration. But their declarations on this
point were not so unequivocal and unrestricted as those by first
settlers of New Jersey. The charter to Lord Baltimore in'^1632,
was written in Latin and this fact caused many to look upon it
with distrust. All that it contained in relation to toleration was
a proviso of which the commonly accepted translation is —

"No construction be made thereof, whereby God's holy and



14 BI-CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION OF

truly Christian religion should receive any prejudice or dimi-
nution."

Some Protestant writers considered this equivocal, as Cecil
Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, like his father before him,
was intensely devoted to the interests of his faith and considered
his, the only truly Christian religion.

Some Catholic writers have contended, that the commonly ac-
cep)ted translation of the words of the charter on this point, was
not literally correct. Brantz Mayer in his "Calvert and Penn,"
thought it should read " God's holy rights and the true Christian
religion." S. F.Streeter in his "Maryland, two hundred years ago,"
says it should be "The holy service of God and the true Chris-
tian religion." George Lynn-Lachlau Davis in his " Day Star
of American Freedom," gives the translation "The most sacred
things of God and the true Christian religion." These different
translations, it will be seen, do not materially vary in meaning,
and all leave the question of deciding what was prejudicial to
the true Christian religion, to the dominant power in the State,
In New England, the Puritans considered the preachings and
teachings of Baptists, Antinomians, and Quakers as prejudicial
to what they believed to be the true Christian religion and so
persecuted or prosecuted all who differed with them. In Mary-
land, it is gratifying to know that the friends of the early settlers


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