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Rachitis.] Leipzig, 1858. (Canst., iv, 454.)
Goutay. — I^u rachitis on rachitisme et mieux osti^malacie. [Rachitis, &c] Pom,

1858. (Canst., ir, 454.)
BoUOhut.— I>u rachitisme. Gaz. des Hdp., 1858, No. 82. (Canst., iv, 454.)
Hnsohke. — Ueber Craniosclerosis totalis racbitica und verdickte Schlidel iiber.

haupt. [Cranial Rachitis, &c.] •/«iui, 1858. (Canst., iv, 454.)
WedL — Einige Bemerkungen iiber racbitische Rohrenknocben und Rachitis. [Go

Rachitis of tbe Tubular Bones, &c.] Zeitscb. f. die k. k. Ges. in Wien, Marcli,

1858, No. II. (Canst., iv, 454.)
Klose. — I>ie Epipbjsentrennnng eine Krankbeit der Entwicklnngszeit. [Separation

of the Epiphyses a Disease of Development.] Allg. Med. Centrals. B., 1858,

Jabrg. 37, Stuck 10. (Canst., iv, 454.)
Bohrend. — Zur Oescbichte der Spina bifida. (See p. 416.)
Flemming.— l^ie Riickgratskrilmmungen. [Spinal Curvatures.] Dreiden, 1858.

(Canst., iv, 454.)
Friedberg.— Bebandlung der HiiHkontrakturen. [Treatment of Contractions of

tbe Hip.] Wochb. der Zeitscb. der GeseUs. d. Aertz. in W. ; and Jahrb. f. K.,

1858, part 4. (Canst., iv, 45^.)
Ueber die guten Erfolge der Ausschneidung des Huftgelenkes bei Hiiftgelenkkaries

der Kinder. [Good Effects of Excision in Caries of tbe Hip-joint.] J. f.

Kinderk., 1858, 5 and 6. (Canst, iv, 455.)
Eulenberg.— Einige iiber Pathologic und Tbcrapie der Deformitaten des Fusses.

[Deformities of tbe Foot.] J. f. Kinderk., 1858, i and 2. (Canst., iv, 455.)
Bonvior.— Lemons cliniques sur les maladies chroniques de Tsppareil locomoteur

professes a rbdpital des enfants malades pendant les ann^ 1855, 1856, 1857.

Paris, 1858. pp. 531.



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DISEASES OF CHILDREN- 409

Bovyier.— L^B8 cUniqoM, &c D^viaUont de la colonne vert^brtle, Atlas de 20
planches. [Clinieal Lectures, &c, on Chronic Diseases of the Organs of Loco-
motion, at the Hospital for Children, Paris.] Pari$, 1858.

Angular curvature of the spine begins, according to Scheebek,
mostly during the first dentition period, in dyscrasic, scrofulous,
weakly children ; sometimes in those of good constitutions after
attacks of measles, scarlet fever, &c. ; also in children placed under
unfavorable hygienic conditions. Absolute rest, good food, expo-
sure to air and light, are the chief measures recommended.

Mullee's treatise contains an account of the histology of osseous
substance, and of the softening processes which occur in rachitis.



TI. DISEASES OF THE SKIN AND CELLXJLAE TISSUE.

Hardy .~0n the Treatment of Purpura Hasmorrhagica by the Administration of

Tincture of Larch Bark. (Dublin Hosp. Gaz., 1859, P- i9*)
Behrend. — Cod-Uver-oU Soap in the Treatment of Chronic Eczema of Children.

Ann. de Therap., 1859, '35'
MalagO. — Tenia cured in eight minutes. Ann. de Therap., 1859, ^59*
Caillaut.~Trait^ pratique des maladies de la peao chez les infants. [Disease of

the Skiu in Children.] Paris, 1858. (Canst., iv, 456.)
Basin. — Lemons th^riques et diniques sur les affections cutanto paraaitaires.

[Parasitic Cutaneous Affections.] ParU, 1858. (Canst., iv, 456.)
Hardy.— -I^^ons sur les maladies de la peau. Dartres, Syphilides, &c. [Diseases

of the Skin.] Parit, 1858. (Canst., iv, 456.)
PoUak. — I^^ber die acuten contagiosen Exantheme in Teheran und seiner Umge-

bung. [Acute Contagious Exanthemata in Teheran, &c.] Wochenbl. der Z.

d. G. d. Aerzte in Wien, 1857, 44, 45. Jahrb. d. Kinderheilk., 1858, part 2.

(Canst., iv, 456.)
Paasoh, — Piidriatische Mittheilungen. [Paediatric Contributions.] J. f. Kinderk.,

1858, parU 3, 4. (Canst., iv, 456.)
Jessop. — Practical Eemarks on the Recession of the Eruption in Scarlet Fever.

Lancet, 1859, >> ^9*
Trousseau.— U«*>er den Scharlach— einc klinische Yorlesung. (H6tel Dieu in

Paris.) [On Scarlet Fever.] J. f. Kinderk., 1859, P**"** 3» 4* (Canst., iv, 456.)
LeubTUCher. — Bemerkungen uber eine Scharlach Epidemic im J., 1857, bis Aofang,

1858, in Jena und Umgehend. [Epidemic of Scarlet Fever in Jena in 1857-58.]

Pr. Ver. Ztg. N. F., i, 26—28, 1858. (Sch., 5, 197.)
Oraily Hewitt.— -Ue^er das Verhaltniss der waisertuchtigen Ergiisse zum Schar-

lach. [The Relation of Dropsy and Scarlet Fever.] J. t Kinderk., 1858,

parU 5, 6. (Canst., iv, 456.)
Horrifl.— Die schUtzende Kraft der Belladonna gegen Scharlach. [The Protective

Power of Belladonna against Scarlet Fever. J. f. Kinderk., 1858, parts 11, 13.

(Canst., iv, 456.)
Chavasse.— Beitrage zur Therapie des Scharlachfiebers. [Therapeutics in Scarlet

Fever.] J. t Kinderk., 1858, parts 9, 10. (Canst., iv, 456.)



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410 EEPORT ON MIDWIFERY, ETC.

Knttner.— Zur VcrwtndttcbtfUfrtge swisdien Scharlach und Matera. [The

Affinities between Scarlet Fever and Measles.] J. f. Kinderk., 18581 parts 3, 4.

(Canst., It, 456.)
SoOUtetteiL— On the Prevention of the Seqnelse of Measles and Scarlet Fever.

Gaz. Hebd.,vi, 13, 1859. (Sch., 6, 313.)
EersolienBteilier. — Das Incubationsstadiom der Masem. [The Incubation of

Measles.] Jahrb. f. Kinderk., 1858, part 4. (Canst., Iv, 456.)
Gelmo. — Ueber Rubeola. Jahrb. f. Kinderh., 1858, part 3. (Canst, iv, 456.)
KoestlilL — Beobachtungen bei einerMasemepidemie. Wortemb. Gom.BL, 35, 1858.

[Observations on Measles.] (Sch., 5, 197.)
Oonsberg. — Notlzen ilber die Masernepidemie im Brealan im J., 1857. Gilnsb.

Ztsch., ix, 4, p. 374. [On Epidemics of Measles in Breslan.] (Sch., 4, 43.)
Veit. — Ueber hamorrhsgische Masem. Virchows Archiv, ziv, i, t, p. 64, 1858.

[On Usemorrhagic Meules.] (Sch., a, 199.)
TroUBSeaiL-^On Measles and its Complications. L'Unlon, 106, iii, 116, 1858.

(Sch., II, 191.)
SohutS.— Bosartige Masem. [Vimlent Form of Measles.] Wortemb. Gorr. BL,

5, 1858. (Sch., II, 103.)
Hayr. — Erythema nodosum bei Kindem. [Erythema Nodosum in ChUdreo.]

Jahrb. f. Kinderh., 1858, part 2. (Canst., iv, 456.)
OintraO. — Betrachtungen aber die fragliche Verwandtschaft der Varicella mit der

Variola und den Varioloiden. [Relations of Varicella, Variola, and Varioloid.]

Joura. f. Kinderk., 1858, parts 3, 4. (Canst., iv, 456.)
Friedinger. — Ueber die Einfiibrung einer neuen Genitur der Kohpockenljrmphe,

sowie iiber den Werth nnd die Geschichte der Regenerimng. [On the Intro-
duction of a new soorce of Cowpock Lymph, its Value, &c.] JFIen, 1858.

(Canst., iv, 456.)
Orunder.— I^ie Schutzpockenimpfung, eine brennende Frage der Gegenwart. [On

Vaccination, &c.] Breslau, 1858. (Canst., iv, 456.)
AiKJrftwa.— Aofl)ewahmnic der Vaccinalymphe. [On the Preservation of Vaccine

Lymph.] J. f. Kinderk., 1858, parts 7, 8. (Canst., iv, 456.)
LandelL — Innere Anwendung der Vaccinelymphe wahrend einer Pockenepidemie

[Internal use of Vaccine Lymph dnring an Epidemic of Smallpox.] J. f. Kin-
derk., 185 1, parts 7, 8. (Canst., iv, 456.)
Friedinger. — Mittheilungen aus den Kinderheilanstalten. [Contributions, &c]

Jahrb. f. Kinderh., 1858, part a. (Canst, iv,'456.)
Letonmeam-^QucIques observations sur les nouveao-n^ [New-bom Children.]

Paris, 1858. (Canst, iv, 456.)
Xegronx.— Emploi du massage dans le traitement du sd^use des enfants. [Sham.

pooing in the Treatment of Sclerema.] Gaz. dea Hdpit., 1858., No. 118.

(Canst., iv, 456.)
Clutpclle. — Behandlung der tinea favosa durch Oleum naphae. [Oil of Naphtha

in Tinea Favosa.] J. f. Kinderk., 1858, parts 5, 6. (Canst, iv, 456.)
Heligan.— G^S^i^ ^^^ Kopfgrind (Porrigo). J. t Kinderk., 1858, parta 3, 4.

(Canst, iv, 456.)
Hlltclli]lJM)ll.~C^^i^i<^ Report on Favus. Med. Times and Gaz., xl, 353, 577^

653.

In the treatment of the eczema of children^ Behrekd disapproves
of an exclusively local treatment* The cruats are to be removed by



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DISEASES OF CHILDREN. 411

poultices or other means^ and the soap then applied; constitutional
remedies are at the same time to be made use of.

Malago's remedy for tenia is composed of sulphate of lime^ dry^
and lime recently slacked^ the two intimately mixed and applied to
the part affected. It is to be carefully watched^ and removed at the
end of a few minuter.

Jessop relates the particulars of three cases of scarlet fever where^
the eruption having been suddenly checked^ the danger was immi-
nent. Flannels steeped in hot mustard and water were applied to the
throat, chest, abdomen, upper arm, and thigh, and stimulants given.
The issue was successful.

Leubtjsohee's observations refer to lao cases of scarlet fever.
The various forms which the disease assumed in the different cases
are minutely described. In reference to the affections of the pha-
rynx, we find the following : — ^In slight cases there were redness
and swelling of the tonsils, pharynx, and parts adjacent. In more
severe cases the appearances were of a diphtheritic character. In
the latter a flaky substance separated (in favorable cases) in a few
days, leaving a somewhat raw surface beneath. In worse cases
ulceration followed. The pharygeal affection extended either to
the nasal fossae, giving rise to an irritating discharge therefrom, or
to the larynx, producing respiratory disturbances, the patients so
affected dying with typhous symptoms and oedema of the lungs.
Dropsy was observed in fifteen cases, and of these four died. The
author considers the dropsy a part of the fever produced by the
disturbance of the cutaneous circulation. The scarlet-fever in-
toxication (as the author terms it) is not dependent on the presence
of unemia, inasmuch as it is often observed when no retention of
urea in the blood is suspected.

ScouTBTTEN rccommeuds the inunction of oil in order to prevent
the sequelae of measles and scarlet fever. The method is identical
with that for some time followed in Germany.

KosTLEN gives an account of an epidemic of measles, and Guns-
BSBG of another epidemic which prevailed at Breslau. In the
latter case the epidemic differed from ordinary rubeola in respect to
the character of the eruption, which resembled that described by
Veit as ''hsemorrhagic measles.'' Laryngeal complications were fre-
quent, and in some cases actual croupous exudation was observed in
the larynx and trachea. When the eruption was severe, diarrhoea
was frequently observed about the second day.



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412 REPORT ON MIDWIFERY, ETC.

Veit describes a fonn of measles characterised by the presence of
petechial patches instead of an eruption of the normal character^
and which the author designates as hemorrhagic measles. It occurs^
according to his experience^ chiefly amongst individuals in indigent
circumstances. In i6o cases it occurred eleven times. In such
cases the fever is of a sthenic rather than of an asthenic character.
The course of the disease was in all cases mild and without compli-
cations. Cases of acute hemorrhagic form of measles must not be
confounded with those in which petechise appear at a later period
during convalescence.

Trousseau remarks^ that during the eruptive period of measles
diarrhoea, occasionally bloody, is not uncommon. The appearance
of croupous affections is unfavorable. Capillary bronchitis is
almost always fatal when occurring in children under two months.
Convulsions, at a later period of the disease and in young children,
are of very unfavorable omen.

ScHUTZ reports that in Nagold, in the year 1856, measles, of a
very virulent character, carried off 10 per cent, of those attacked.
Bespiratory complications had a large share in producing the
mortality.

Mayr states that erythema nodosum is occasionally observed in
infants, but more generally in older children. In its simple form it
is chiefly seen on the leg and forearm, appears suddenly, lasts from
five to seven days, and is unaccompanied by general disturbance.
A hemorrhagic form is also described.

GiNTRAC examines the relations subsisting between varicella,
variola, and varioloid. Varicella, he concludes, does not originate
from variola, but varicella may arise iinder the same conditions as
variola. He does not think it proved that varicella can produce
variola. With respect to the actual relation of the two, variola
does not exclude varicella; the one may follow the other in the
same person ; they have the relation of two independent poisons.
Lastly, there is no apparent analogy between variola and varioloid
on the one hand, and varicella on the other.

Letourneau believes that the sclerema and oedema of new-bom
children is a condition depending primarily on congenital weakness,
imperfect expansion of the lungs, and defective hematosis. It is
a slow asphyxia, the body becoming gradually cooled down, and the
child remaining in a state of organic torpor until death occurs. To
establish his positions, the author adduces histories of seventeen cases.



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DISEASES OF CHILDREN. 413

Hutchinson gives a tabulated account of forty-four cases of favus,
collected from various sources, the sporules and thalli of a fungus
being in all cases present. He believes that the fungus (the
Achorion Schonleinii) develops itself within the hair-follicles. The
disease is very inveterate, occurs only amongst the poorer {i.e.
uncleanly) classes ; it is very rare, occurs for the most part in per-
sons of good health; may be inoculated, but does not spread
readily, and the general health is unaffected by it. After remarks
on the differential diagnosis, the author states that the only treat-
ment available is the employment of sulphur, creosote, or mercury,
combined with epilation of the parts affected.



VII. DYSCRASIiB; TTTMOTJES.

Xanner. — A case of InfantUe Sypbilis. Obttet. Trans., toI. i, p. 133.
0*'PA|^i>yO' .—Case of Infantile Syphilis. Dublin Quar. Journ.iMaj, 1859, 3^*
Diday. — A Treatise on Syphilis in New-born Children at the Breast. Translated

from the French by G. Whitley, M.D. New Syd. Soc., 1859. pp. 272.
Fliedingeri Mayer, ^n^ ZeisL— ^^^ SyphUiden im Kindesalter. [Syphilis in

Children.] Jahrb. f. Rinderheilk., 1858, part i. (Canst., ir, 456.)
Bouohut, — De la fi^vre intemiittente chez les enfants. Gaz. des Hdp., 1858, No.

56. [Intermittent Fever in Childhood.] (Canst., iv, 459.)
Barbot. — Qnelques considerations sur la fi^vre typhoide en g^n^ral, &c. Partis

1858. (Canst, ir, 459.)
PerrilL — Beobachtongen tiber der Scrophelkrankheit. Jonm. f. Kindeik., 1858,

I, 2. [On Scrofula.] (Canst., iv, 459.)
LotEbeo]L~^^i6 angeborenen Geschwiilste der hinteren Krenzgegend. Munehen^

1858. (Canst., iv, 459.)

Tannek relates the case of a child who died suddenly about six
weeks after birth, having been just before treated, apparently suc-
cessfully, for syphilis derived from the parents.

O'DoNOVAN relates a case of syphilis in an infant, the parents of
which had had no secondary symptoms, but the father had suffered
from " gonorrhoea.'^

The first or aetiological part of the treatise of Diday, now trans-
lated and published by the New Sydenham Society, is devoted to
studying the mechanism of the development of the disease, its
different origins, and the respective part played by each of them
in its ulterior evolution. In the second or semeiological part, we
find a description of the various forms and no less variable pro*
gress of the disease. The third part, having reference to prognosis.



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414 REPORT ON MIDWIPBRT, KTC.

treats of the dangers peculiar to syphilis at an early age^ of the
transmissibility of the lesions which it occasions^ and of the mor-
tality which it causes. In the fourth part, the medico-legal
bearings of cases of this kind ; and in the fifth part^ the subject of
treatment in all its details are considered.

LoTZBECK gives an elaborate account of the various forms of
tumours which are observed in the sacral region in new-bom
children.



Vni. MALPORMATIONS, ETC., OP THE PCKTUS,

£hrnia]UI,-^F<Btiii monstreuz (Derodelpbe). Gas. M^d. de Strub., 1858, No. 4.

(Canst., iv, i.)
Seiner. — GlUckHch yorgenommene unblutige Trennang zweier zwiscben Siizknorren

und Steist miteinander verwacbsener Kinder. [Successful Separation of Two

adberent Fcetus.] Wiener Wocbenscb., 31 — 3$, 1858. (Canst., it, i.)
LuflChka. — Ueber ein angebomes Hygroma cysticum perineale rait Foetus in Foetn.

[Case of Congenital Cystic Hygroma ; Fcetus in FoetA.] Vircbow's Arcbiv, xiii,

p. 411. (Canst., iy, i.)
LonhOSSek. — Ueber eine Zwillingsbildnng der Medulla spinalis. [Doable Spinal

Cord.] Wocbenbl. d. Zeitscb. d. Wiener Aertz, 1858, No. 52. (Canst.,

iv, I.)
PlOgeL— Ueberzilblige Hoden. [Supernumerary Testicles.] Oesterr. Zeitscb. f.

prakt. Heilk., 39, 1858. (Canst., iv, i.)
Clutrcot. — ^Rupture of the Spleen in a Foetus. Gaz. des Hdpt^ 144, 1858. (Sch.,

4. 42.)
Virohow. — Hydrops ascites bei einem neugebornen Einde. [Ascites in t New-
born Cbild.] Mon-Sch. f. Geburtsk, xi, p. 161. (Sch., 6, 308.)
Smallman.-^Cystic Disease of tbe Liver in a Foetus. Lancet, 1859, ^> 573*
Clay.— On Anasarca of the Foetus. Wien. Ztscb., N. F., ii, 13, 1859, (Sch., 6,

308.)
Widerhofer. — Ein Fall von Ileus bei einem neugebornen Kinde. [Ileus in t New*

born Child.] Jabrb. f. Kinderk., ii, i, 37. (Sch., 11, 190.}
Billi.— Unusual Twisting of tbe Cord, and its probable cause. Ann. Univ., Feb.,

1859. (Sch., 8, 191.)
HoneL — M^moire sur les adh^rences dn placenta ou des enveloppes k certaines

parties du corps. [Adhesions of the PUcenta or Membranes to certain parts

of the Body.] Gaz. M^., No. 3, 1858. (Canst., iv, 6.)
Goldberg.— Seltene Zwillingsgeburt. [Unusual case of Twins.] Oesterr. Zeitscb.

f. prak. Heilk., No. 39, 1858. (Canst., iv, 6.)
Bomard.— Case of Superfoetation. Dublin Quart. J., Feb., 1859, ^*'»
Morand.— R«chcrches sur le cataracte cong^nitalc. Thdse. [On Congenital

Cataract.] Parii» 1858. (Canst., iv, 6.)



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DISEASES OP CHILDREN. 415

Meyer.-^Ueber angeborne Enge oder VenchloBs der Lungenarterienbahn. [Con-
genital Stricture or Closure of the Pulmonary Arteries.] Virch. Arch. f.
path. Anat. u. Phys., xii» 6, p. 497. (Canst., iv, 6.)

Dorsob. — Anomaler Verlauf der Hohlvenen. [Anomalous Course of the Vents
Cavs.] Aertz. Intell. f. Bay., No. 30, 1858. (Canst., iv, 6.)

Boohdalek. — Bcschreibung einer schr roerkwardigen Abweichnng der Lun-
genvenen. [Remarkable Abnormity of the Pulmonary Yeius. Prager Yiert.,
iv, 1858, p. 160. (Canst., iv, 6.)

Jagielskl — De luxatione femoris congenita. Diss, inaug. [Congenital Luxation of
the Hip-joint.] B^rol,, 1858. (Canat., iv, 6.)

Luton. — Observation dliydrocepbale cong^nitale par ^panchement dans les ventri-
cules ; trois ponctions successives, &c. [Congenital Hydrocephalus, &c. ; Three
Successive Tappings. Gaz. Med., 1858, No. 13. (Canst., iv, 6.)

DelacOUSe. — De ralbinisme chez Thomme de r^ions ^uatorials du nonveau con-
tinent. [On Albinism in the Inhabitants of the Equatorial Regions of the New
Continent.] Joom. dea Con. M^., No. 20, 1858. (Canst., iv, 6.)

Sdaconr. — Note snr un cas de monstrosity du genre perac^phale. [Monster of
the genus " Perac^phale."] Gaz. des H6p., Oct., 1858. (Canst., iv, 13.)

HaclaohlaiL— Case of an Acranial Foetus. Glasg. Med. Joum., July, 1859,
p. 328.

B. ITvedale West.— Description of an Anencepbalian Monster. Obstet. Trans.,
vol. I, p. 105.

Hartill. — Amputation spontan^e chez le foetus. [Spontaneous Amputation in the
Foetus.] Gaz. Hebd., 22, 1858. (Canst., iv, 13.)

Gressy. — Des imperforatlons et atresias cong^nitales de la face. [Imperforations
and Congenital Atresise of the Face.] Th^, Par., 1858. (Canst., iv, 13.)

Dnncan. — Singular Malformation of the Urinary Organs. Am. Joum. of Med.
Science, Oct., 1859, 569.

Senftleben.— Angeb. MissbUdnng der Nieren bei Atresia ani. [Congenital Mai-
formations of the Kidneys in Atresia Ani.] Deutsche Klin., 8, 1858. (Canst.,
iv, 13.)

Picardat — Recherches sur les anomalies cong^nitales du canal de Turethre. [On
the Congenital Anomalies of the Urethra.] Th^se, Par., 1858. (Canst., iv,
13.)

Oodard. — Etudes sur Tabsence cong^nitale du testicle. [Congenital Absence of
the Testicle.] These, Par., 1858. (Canst., iv, 13.)

Milroy. — Case of Human Monstrosity. Edinb. Med. Joum., June, 1859, 1098.

Erieger.— Ueber atresia ani und uterus bicorais. [On Atresia Ani and Uterus

Bicomis.] Mon-Sch. f. Geb., xii, 172. (Sch., 11, 178.)
Sokitansky. — Ueber atresie des Utems und der Vagiua bei Duplidt&t desselben.

[On Atresia of the Uterus and Vagina in cases of Duplicity of the same.] Wien.

ZUch. N. F., ii, 33, 1859. (Sch., 11, 180.)

Friedlander. — Inversio vaginse, Afterschluss Kloakenbildung nnd Hydroiachis bei
einem reifgeborenen Knaben. [Inversion of the Vagina, Closure of Anns
Cloacal Formation, and Hydrorachis, in a Full-grown Child.] Jahrb. f. Kind.,
1858, I.

yiH^— On a Case of Congenital BBoephalocalc. Lanctt, 1859, ii, 410,



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416 EEPORT ON MIDWIFERY, ETC.

Honel «t Arnault. — Foctat Ptendenc^phtUen. [Pteudencepbalic Foetus.]

Boll, de I'Acad. de Mad., No. lo, p. 398; and No. 34, p. 1153. (Ctnst., ir,

21.)
Behrend. — Znr Geschichte der Spina bifida, deren Verlauf und Behandlong, nebtt

Mittheilang einer glucUichen Kur durch Anwendung der CoUodium. [The

History, Progress, and Treatment of Spina Bifida ; Case of Cure by means of

Coliodium.] Joam. fur Kinderkr., 11, la, 1858. (Sch., 5, 194.)
Bobin.— Du Spina bifida. [Spina Bifida.] These, Par., 1858. (Canst., it, ai.)
Dobout. — Conp d'ceil sur T^tat de la th^rapeutique concemant le spina bifida.

[The Therapeutics of Spina Bifida.] Bull, de Th^rap., March, 1858. (Canst.,

iv, a I.)
Ebra.-^Dn traitement du spina bifida par les injections iod^. [Treatment of

Spina Bifida by Iodine Injections.] Th^se, Par., 1858. (Canst., it, ai.)
A^IJT, — Cue of Congenital Hydrocephalus, with Spina Bifida. Presse M^., 31,

1858. (Sch., I, 66.)
MeSfer.— Description of 8 Foetus with Spina Bifida, Umbilical Hernia, and two

peculiar Supra-scapnlar Bones. Edinb. Med. Joum., Sept., 1859, 331.
Shoarar. — Case of Malformation of ,the Abdomen in a Child. Ed. Med, Joom.,

Sept., 1859. 337.
8eclg^ok. — Foetas in which the Abdominal Wall wu deficient Obstet. Trani.,

vol. i, p. 339.
Widerhofer.— Hernia diapbragmatica sinistra bei einem Saogling. [Diaphrag-
matic Hernia in an Infant.] Jahr., f. Kinderh., ii, i, 39. (Sch., 11, 191.)
Moeller. — Fissura stemi congenita. Konigsb. Med. Jahrb., i, parts i and 2.

(Canst., if, 310.)
Debont.— E^pport de la commission charg^ d'examiner le ro^moire de M. Debout

relatif k la hemic ombilicale cong^nitale. [Report on M. Debout*s Memoir on

Congenital Umbilical Hernia.] BulL de TAcad. de Belgiqoe, 2 s^r., i, 4.

(Canst., iv, 31.)
BestilL — Description d'un cas remarquable d'exstrophie de la yessie. [Extmphia

of the Bladder.] An. de la Soc. MM.-Chir. de Bruges, An. xviii, ser. ii.

(Canst., iy, ai.)



Ehemann describes a monstrous foetus — monocephalous, with two
bodies. The double character was first evident at the base of the
skull. The vertebral canal double ; two spinal cords ; cEsophagus
single ; stomach single and small, giving ofif a single small intes-
tine ; this intestine ended in a pouch, from which were given ofif two
small intestines, each ending in a separate caecum and large intes-
tine. The sexual and urinary organs double ; both females. Res-
piratory apparatus perfectly double. One heart supplied the two
bodies. Reiner gives the description of a well-formed child, having
^an excrescence situated between the ischial tuberosity and sacrum.
This excrescence proved on examination to be a foetus of about
tliree weeks, which had become adherent to the body of the healthy
child. A ligature was placed round the pedicle of the excrescence.



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DISEASES OF CHILDRKN, 417

and its removal safely accomplished. In Li:scHK.i*s case of hygroma
cysticum perineale, a very large cyst was attached to the lower part
of the body, whereby the labour was so protracted that the child
died. The pelvis was filled with cysts, varying in size. There were
also foond within the tumour the remains of a foetus, viz., bones,
intestines, &c. The case was one, not of simple hygroma cysticum,
but a combination of the same with inclusion of a foetus. Lenhossek
describes a case in which the medulla spinalis was double in a female
foetus, bom dead at six months old. In Flogel's case a man
labouring under syphilis was found to have a double testicle on each
side. The testicles were arranged on each side one above the
other, the lower one being on both sides the larger.



Online LibraryNew Sydenham SocietyA year-book of medicine, surgery and their allied sciences, for 1859 → online text (page 40 of 55)