New York Chamber of Commerce.

Annual report of the corporation of the Chamber of Commerce, of the State of New York, for the year .. online

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sider the advisability of creating standing Committees on Thrift :
such committees to study the methods for the promotion of sav-
ings best suited to their respective localities ; and with the further
suggestion that the organizations addressed, place themselves in
touch with other bodies which are devoting themselves to the en-
couragement of Thrift.



Respectfully submitted,

Albert H. Wiggin, Acitng- Chairman

James S. Alexander | qi the

William Woodward V committee on

r^ x^ r- I Finance and

George B. CoRTELYOU currency

Theodore E. Burton



1



New York, lllarch 21, 1919,

The President. — This report I believe was mailed to every
member of the Chamber with the notice of the meeting. It is
a long report, on a verj' important topic, and well worthy of the
serious attention of every member.

Do you want to add anything more, Mr. Wiggin?



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Proceedings of the Chamber of Commerce — Apr. 3, 1919 315

Mr. Wiggin. — There is nothing more to say except that in the
absence of Mr. Vanderlip, the Chairman of the Committee, I am
offering this resolution, and any credit for the report is due to him.

Motiott to adopt the report and resolution was seconded and
unanimously carried.



PORT TREATY BETWEEN NEW YORK AND
NEW JERSEY

The President. — Reference has been made more than once
from this platform to the proposed treaty between the States^
of New Jersey and New York in regard to the development of
this common port. The newspapers have kept our members
advised as to the attitude of the Board of Estimate and Appor-
tionment on this very important, and to the minds of many of us,
absolutely essential subject to the future growth of New York
City's commerce. In their wisdom that body has seen fit practic-
ally to say that they will take no action until a complete program
is presented showing the proposed plan. I suppose that would
take anywhere from one year to two years to prepare and submit.
The Committees of the Legislatures of this State and of the
State of New Jersey, and the Commission having this particular
subject in charge,, representing both States, have agreed that the
best way to accomplish this undertaking is the way that they
have provided, and that it merely postpones this import-
ant subject if we should follow the suggestions of the Board
of Estimate and Apportionment. I do not believe that we should
abate one jot or one tittle of our energy to proceed to attempt to
get this bill passed by our Legislature, and have this thing done
without any more waiting. We have already endorsed it at meet-
ings here, and the committee having the matter in charge has been
earnestly pushing it, and we propose still to do so. We are to
have another conference here on Saturday of the Governors of
this State and of New Jersey, the representatives of the Legis-
latures of both States, the New York-New Jersey Commission,
and others, to find out just what the attitude of the City of New^
York is toward this project.



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316 Sixty-First Annual Report — Part I

IMMEDIATE REPAIRS OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS AND

CONSTRUCTION OF NEW COMMERCIAL HIGH

SCHOOL BUILDINGS RECOMMENDED

Lionel Sutro, on behalf of the Committee on Commercial Ed-
ucation, presented the following report and resolutions, and moved
their adoption :

To the Chamber of Commerce :

It is well known by those who visit our school buildings thai
many. of them are badly in need of repairs and renovation. De-
tails regarding this need have been given for a number of years
in the annual reports of the Superintendent of School Buildings.
The present condition of the buildings is the result in part of insuf-
ficient appropriations for several years. Furthermore, the money
which has been spent for repairs has often been of a **patch work"
character: that is, only a small part of the building or its equip-
ment is put in order in any one year. Accordingly, the expendi-
tures have not shown any particular results either in appear-
ance of the building or in satisfaction to the occupants. There
does not appear to be any question about the unsatisfactory con-
dition of our school buildings and the great need of repairs
and renovation.

The City of New York has nearly $160,000,000 invested in
school properties; and it is generally recognized as very bavl
business practice not to keep real estate fully repaired and reno-
vated. But the conservation of the City's investment in school
buildings is a small matter beside the importance of conserving
the health and welfare of our school children.

Your Committee on Commercial Education has also consid-
ered the need of additional buildings for our High Schools of
Commerce, and is of the opinion that the City should immedi-
ately construct new buildings. The Julia Richman High School
for girls, the only Commercial High School for girls in the city,
and the boys' school in West 65th Street, are both greatly in
need of additional quarters. The Julia Richman school has no
building of its own. Its quarters are located on the top floors
of four elementary schools. Two of these elementary school
buildings were built fifty years ago and abandoned because unfit
for young children. There are 3,700 girls enrolled. The boys'
school is also inadequate. The school authorities should furnish
adequate and fit buildings to care for the young women and,
voung men seeking a commercial education. High Schools of
Commerce can contribute very materially to the commercial
expansion of this city by furnishing highly skilled clerical
workers ; and the use of funds for adequate facilities for Higfh
Schools of Commerce is a very desirable investment for the
future of our commerce as well as of our young men and
women.



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Proceedings of the Chamber of Commerce — Apr, S, 1919 317

Your Committee accordingly offers the following resolutions:

Resolved, That the Chamber of Commerce of the State of
New York recommends that the Board of Estimate and Appor-
tionment appropriate the necessary moneys to'repair and renovate
the school buildings of the City of New York during the coming
summer, so that all buildings and equipment out of repair will be
restored and all unsanitar>' and dirty conditions eradicated ; and
be it

Resolved, That the Chamber recommends the construction of
additional buildings for High Schools of Commerce, suflficient
and suitable to meet the demand for such accommodations; and
be it further

Resolved, That authority be given the members of the Com-
mittee on Commercial Education to appear before the Board of
Estimate and Apportionment or other City authorities, on behalf
of an appropriation for these purposes.

Respectfully submitted,

Alexander C. Humphreys 1 or the

Lionel Sutro I commitue

> on

Frederick J. Lisman commercial

Charles F. MacLean J Education

New York, March SI, 1919.

The President. — I believe I am correct, Mr. Sutro, in saying
that the committee before making this report actually made per-
sonal inspection of some of these buildings, and found that they
are in a deplorable condition.

Mr. Sutro. — That is absolutely correct.

The report and resolutions presented by the committee were
unanimously adopted.

WATER POLLUTION

Charles N. Chadwick, Chairman* of the Committee on Con-
servation of State Waters, Lands and Forests, offered the follow-
ing report, which was unanimously adopted :

To the Chamber of Commerce:

Your Committee on Conservation of State Waters, Lands and
Forests has had under consideration Assembly bill No. 1369,
Introductory 1215, introduced by Mr. Everett March 12, 1919.

This is a bill to authorize the investigation of the extent and
character of and methods for eliminating the pollution of
streams, and making an appropriation therefor. It authorizes



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318 Sixty-First Annual Report— Part I

and directs the Conservation Commission to investigate the ex-
tent and character of the pollution of rivers, lakes, streams,
bays, harbors and other waters of the State by sewage, industrial
wastes, municipal refuse or other waste matters affecting public
supplies of potable water, fish or shellfish, or aquatic life neces-
sary for the propagation or sustenance of fish or shellfish; to
investigate the most practicable methods of eliminating such pol-
lution, and authorizes an appropriation of $10,000 for this pur-
pose.

Under the provisions of this bill the Conservation Commission
of the State of New York can proceed with this work on a
state-wide scale, locate the industries that are at least potential
polluters of water courses, make a list of all the industries of
the State capable of causing pollution, require game protectors
to report any industrial establishment in the State that is causing
pollution, with power of visitation to determine such as have
suitable disposal works or are not affecting the streams.

In the actual elimination of the existing pollution, much may
be accomplished by sihiply laying the facts before the offenders ;
in other cases prosecution will be necessary. It contemplates co-
operation with the industries to the fullest possible extent, in
order to show them how they may dispose of their waste or
utilize them as by-products.

This work is important from every standpoint, financial, sani-
tary and esthetic.

In this connection your Committee desires to refer to the
report which it made to the Chamber of Commerce on February
14, 1912, wherein, under the head of "Sanitation," it said:

"There is no more important chapter in conservation than
the protection of watersheds from pollution. The power to
control the watersheds is vested in the State of New York
itself, and in the exercise of this control the authorities are
limited by public sentiment and public appropriation. The
time will come, however, when an educated public sentiment
will demand that the sewage of villages and towns and
summer resorts shall be properly cared for.

"The disposal of sewage from towns and cities into the
mouths of rivers is valueless unless these same streams at
their source are also protected. The great water food sup-
ply of the past is fast disappearing. The streams and
rivers whose shores abounded in swimming fish and shellfish
have become so polluted that unless something is done in
the near future they will be things of memory and not of
actual use. The fish and game division of the Conservation
Commission, charged with the propagation of fish, should
at least have pure streams into which the fish are distrib-
uted.



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Proceedings of the Chamber of Commerce — Apr. 3, 1919 319

"The ice supply taken from the mouths of these streams
is a further source of danger, and not until public sentiment
is awakened and public authority sustained can the people
depend upon their purity. The freezing of sewage does not
destroy germs.

"In this connection, perhaps as much good could be done
as in any other way by the appointment of a commission by
the Legislature with instructions to lodk over and'^mend all
the present various public health laws in so far as they
relate to the pollution of the waters of the State. At the
present time these laws are in an extremely chaotic condi-
tion, and it is almost impossible to ascertain what things
are prohibited by law and what are not."

And in the series of recommendations which it made at that
time it said:

"Fifth. That for the adequate protection against pollution
and the sanitation of potable watersheds, the Legislature be
asked to appoint a commission, to serve without pay, with
power to establish State demonstration and instruction sani-
tation schools, to investigate and consider the present laws
of public health in relation to the use and consumption of
water, and to recommend from time to time suitable legis-
lation pertaining thereto."

This bill which has now been introduced in the Legislature
gives authority to the Conservation Commission to investigate
the extent and character of the pollution of streams, and to
determine the most practicable methods of eliminating such pol-
lution, to make such biological or chemical experiments as may
be necessary, to employ experts, and to make recommendations
for remedial legislation, all in line with the /report of your Com-
mittee on Conservation of February 14, 1912. r

The Committee regards this legislation as important, and
therefore recommends the adoption of the following resolutions:

Resolved, That the Chamber of Commerce of the State of
New York endorses the purposes outlined in Assembly Bill No.
1369, Int. 1215, and urges its adoption by the Legislature of the
State ; and be it further

Resolved, That copies of this report and resolutions be sent to
the Governor and to all the members of the Legislature.



Respectfully submitted,

Charles N. Chadwick, Chairman
H. Hob ART Porter
Charles W. Carpenter
Franklin P. Duryea
New York, March 27, 1919.



Of the

CommitUe on

Conservation of

State fVaters,

Lands and Forests



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320 Sixty-First Annual Report — Part I



EXTENSION OF BRITISH CONSULAR SERVICE

Max Eisman. — Mr. President, I arise to call the attention of
our Committee on Foreign Commerce and the Revenue Laws to
the following article which appeared in our daily papers of yester-
day:

"London, April I. (British Wireless Service.) — ^The new De-
partment of Overseas Trade is ready with a plan for the reform
of the consular service and the establishment of commercial at-
taches. It is proposed to spend at least $5,000,000 annually on
the consular service and nearly $1,250,000 on the commercial
attaches.

"Several associations of British manufacturers intend to take
advantage of this new activity on the part of the Government.
The largest of these represents directly, or through allied organi-
zations, nearly 20,000 firms, with a capital of £4.000,000,000
($20,000,000,000). The Directors of this federation said:

" *We shall spend this year a third of our income and another
£20,000 from our reserve on the development of British overseas
trade. If we go on as we have begun we shall cover the world
with British trade commissioners. They will not be selling
agents or commercial travelers, but they will have a freer hand
than the Consuls or commercial attaches, and their reports will
reach British manufacturers the day after they are received.' "

Mr. President, I should like to move a reference of this matter
to the Committee on Foreign Commerce and the Revenue Laws
for such action as they may see fit to take.

This motion was seconded and carried.

APPOINTMENT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE

The President. — It is customary at this time for the Presi-
dent to appoint two members to audit the accounts of the Treas-
urer for the fiscal year ending April 30th. I will appoint Mr.
Clarence W. Eckardt and Mr. Frederick H. Hurdman.

DELEGATES TO FOREIGN TRADE CONVENTION AND

TO CONFERENCE ON INTERNATIONAL

RECONSTRUCTION

The President. — The Chair has appointed Messrs. Welding
Ring, W. Tyrie Stevens and Charles T. Gwynne, the Secre-
tary of the Chamber, as delegates to attend the Sixth National



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Proceedings of the Chamber of Commerce — Apr, 3, 1919 321

Foreign Trade Convention to be held in Chicago, April 24, 25 and
26; and James Crosby Brown and Alba B. Johnson as dele-
gates to attend the Conference on International Reconstruction,
to be held in Philadelphia on May 2nd and 3rd.

WELCOME TO LIEUTENANT COLONEL
THEODORE ROOSEVELT

The President. — I confess to you, and I have no doubt you
would confess to me, a certain amount of piquant curiosity to
hear the distinguished guest this morning. We knew his father,
who was an honored member of this Chamber. [Applause.] I
believe he enjoyed the honor of membership here, and I am very
confident that we enjoyed the honor of having him as a member
with us. Always 100 per cent. American, always devoted to the
best interests of the country as he saw it, possessing in an unusual
degree the courage of his convictions, he was ready to stand, and
if necessary, fight for his convictions. There was about him so
much virility and strength and power that all of us, whether we
agreed with him at all times in his life or not, always said, "Here
is a true, sincere, upright, devoted American gentleman." [Ap-
plause.] Therefore it is not strange, fellow members, that we
welcome his oldest son here this morning to address us. We
should.be on tip-toes of expectation, wondering what manner of
man he is. But, knowing his father, and believing that the
strength of powers descend from father to son, we believe that
we can say to him that he is a promising son of a noble father.
[Applause.] But we have all the more confidence respecting our
guest of honor to-day in view of the fact that not only is he his
father's son, but that he has already shown that he possesses
those qualities of manhood, courage and initiative, both in civic
life, and in the life which he has been living for some months on
the other side of the sea. [Applause.]

It gives me great pleasure to present to you Lieutenant-Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt. [Applause.]

ADDRESS OF LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THEODORE ROOSEVELT

Mr. President and Gentlemen. — It is really a great pleasure
to be here and speak to you this morning. Among other people
I notice in the audience my first employer, Mr. Perkins. He
employed me for $7 a week when I started in with him. From
what the Chairman says, he possibly thinks I am worth more
than that now.

21



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322 Sixty-First Annual Report— Part I

There really is something I .want to take up this morning, and
that is the problem of turning the energies of the young men
who fought this war in Europe and on this side in the service
of the United States, back into the proper channels of citizen-
ship. Those young men will be the country. The gentlemen
here present and the gentlemen corresponding in the various
sections of the country will be the people to turn them into the
right channels, or let them get turned into the wrong channels.

Perhaps the best thing I can do to-day is to give you a picture
of about what happened to the average young fellow who was
over on the other side, and the reactions which occurred. This
v/ill give you a light on the things you have to meet in dealing
with the question.

First of all, the rest periods. A rest period consisted in being
out of the line and being in a French village in the north of
France. The French village, as a rule, contained about 200
civilians in peace times. In addition to this, 800 soldiers would
go in. Those soldiers would be billeted in the barns, while the
officers would be in the houses. The houses and the bams would
be side by side, and would sometimes be the same.

As an example, I will give you the top of the scale in the
way of rooms. As commanding officer of the battalion, at one
little town we were in, I was naturally given the best room. I
was frozen out of it. The windows were all broken. I then
went to a room where the windows were not broken. That
room was warm, but it had disadvantages. The barnyard was
right next to it. I had a little door here, on one side of my
bed, a thin door. Tied to the other side of the door was a cow.
When the cow slept I slept, and when the cow was restless, I
was restless. [Laughter.]

The men slept in the bam. They slept in the hay above, and
in the bams downstairs were the cattle and the pigs and the
r.-^bbits. There are thousands of rabbits there. The bams had
to be kept practically dark, you could not have very much light
in them. We used a little covered lantern, but the hay was all
over the place, and we didn^t dare allow the use of lanterns or
smoking, or anything of that sort in the barns.

All sorts of funny incidents occurred. One day an old French
woman appeared before me as commanding officer of the town —
they all come to the commanding officer of the town with their
complaints. She started in on a very voluable conversation.
Now, my French is not very good, so I stopped her, and got the
conversation going at one word per second, and not in excess of
that. I discovered that she wished to complain of the fact that
my men who were in one of her bams were keeping her pigs
and her rabbits awake by talking at night.

When in these little towns, the men spent practically all the
day drilling. In the evening sometimes there would be some
amusement fumished by one of the associations looking after



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Proceedings of the Chamber of Commerce — Apr. J, 1919 323

the men. Very often there would be none. That was their life.
So much for the period out of the line.

Now, in the line — the best way to give that is to give just a
short sketch of one engagement. I will take the Soissons en-
gagement on the 18th of July. The men had all come out of
Montdidier, where they had been in the Cantigny show. They
had been pretty well shot up. For instance, in the battalion two
company commanders had been killed, and of course the corre-
sponding number of sergeants, privates and corporals. They
were all tired. They got the word on about the 10th of July
that they were to be relieved. They also understood, without
anything definite, but through the ordinary gossip that goes
through a division, that they were to get a rest, and after a
month or so be returned into the line for some offensive purpose.
We were relieved and went out. We spent one night behind the
lines, and next day received orders to take trucks and go down
to the vicinity of Paris. The men got into the trucks perfectly
happy to go to the vicinity of Paris. That was the fir^ time
they had been there, and Paris was reputed to be a nice place
to be near. We went down there, unloaded, got into a very
good town, and the officers and myself began going around and
arranging the men, and selecting playgrounds. We found a
bully little stream, and the battalion started out to take a bath
in it. They needed it badly, for they hadn't had a bath in over
a month. They were arranging everything as if they were to
stay there about a month. The next morning, when I was look-
ing after the cantonment, a motor cycle driver came up. That
was the 15th of July. He handed me a message which said,
"You will prepare to entruck your battalion on the arrival of
the trucks to-day."

We knew what that meant. It meant that something had
broken loose somewhere, and that we were to go right after it.
I called the officers together and told them about it, and they
went back and told the men. Then in that queer way that
rumors have of getting around without any definite news, we
got word that the Germans had attacked that morning on both
sides of Rheims, that they seemed to have been held on the east
of Rheims, but it was reported that they had broken through
west of Rheims, and were advancing on Chalons, with the idea
of splitting the French army in two.

We knew then that we were going in somewhere in that show.
The men were told about it. At two o'clock the trucks arrived.
The men marched out to entruck. Mind you, these men had
only been out of the line three days. They had suffered heavy
losses, they were very tired. They went out to the trucks, and
they sang and cheered and laughed as they did so. I remember
particularly the song they sang, their national anthem, *'Hail,
liail, the Gang's All Here." They entrucked, and here is an
interesting sidelight on that. The trucks were White trucks,



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324 Sixty-First Annual Report — Part I

made by the White Company in Cleveland. The drivers were
Indo-Chinese, and the commander of the train was a French
captain, and we were American soldiers in the trucks. This
gives you an idea of the way it was over there. The men trav-
eled in the trucks all night. You don't sleep very well if you
are in a truck, jammed in tight, without benches, and with your
full equipment on. All night long I ran up and down the column
in a little automobile with a French truck commander, to see
that the trucks were getting along all right. Whenever we
passed a truck, if they recognized us, they cheered. They were
feeling in that sort of spirit. We got up by following the map
— really didn't know where we were going — we got up to the
salient created by the two German drives, the apex of which
was just southwest of Soissons. Then we realized what we
were going to do, that we were probably going to be thrown in
1!) a counter-attack against the German right flank, with the



Online LibraryNew York Chamber of CommerceAnnual report of the corporation of the Chamber of Commerce, of the State of New York, for the year .. → online text (page 36 of 75)