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Albaijt, Ajpinl 24, 1863.

Eesolvedi That the Clerk of the Senate cause to be printed 500 coi^ies of
the Calendar to the Land Papers, from 1643 to 1803, and the Calendar to the
Historical Manuscripts, from 1638 to 1801.

By order of the Senate,


P» ^ R T I .





Preface, vii

Register of the Provincial Secretary, 1

Council Minutes, 61

Correspondence, 269

Ordinances, 309

Fort Orange Records, 312

Writs of Appeal, 325

Cui-agao Papers, 327

Delaware Papers, 335

Patents, 364, 380

Deeds, 376

Index, 389


On 24tb April, 1863, on motion of the Hon. John V. L. Pkityn, the
Senate of the State of New York

Resolved, Tliat tlie Clerk of the Senate cause to be printed 500 copies of
the Calendar to the Land Papers frona lCi3 to 1S03, and the Calendar to the
Historical Manuscripts from 1638 to 1801.

In accordance with the above resolution, the Calendar to the Land
Papers was printed and distributed at the last session of the Legislature,
and the first part of the Calendar of the Historical Manuscripts in the
Department of the Secretary of State is herewith submitted. It embraces
the Eecords of the government whilst the Colony was in the possession
of the Dutch.

This country having been resorted to for some years after its discovery,
by iirivate traders and companies of Holland, they established posts on
the Island of Manhattan, at the Esopus, in the vicinity of the present
city of Albany, and on the Delaware. Navigators in their service
discovered the Connecticut river, explored the shores of the Sound, of the
Atlantic and of the Delaware, and Dutch traders visited these coasts,
bartering their commodities with the natives for beaver and other furs.

The country thus discovered and explored, extended from Chesapeake
bay to Cape Cod, and was called New Netherland.

Merchants in Holland possessing enterprise and capital were soon
made familiar with the richness of this territory, the pleasantness of its
waters and the fertility of its soil.

A vast commercial association to monopolize and control the entire
trade between the Eepnblic of the United Netherlands and America
fheTiIarVe? ^^^ orgaulzcd, aud the States-General, " finding by experience
west'ind'ia that without the mutual help, assistance and interposition of a
Company, gg^gp^^j Oompauy, thc people designed from hence for those


parts cannot properly be protected and maintained in tbeir great risk,
from pirates, extortion and otherwise, which will happen in so very long
a voyage," incorporated it under the name and style of The West India

This association had the exclusive right to trade to the countries of
America, from Newfoundland to the Straits of Magellan, and within
lliam'r these limits, "to make contracts, engagements and alliances with
the Princes and Natives of the countries comprehended therein, and also
to build forts and fortifications there, to appoint and dismiss Governors,
people for war, ofiiccrs of justice and other public officers, for the preser-
vation of the places, keeping good order, police and justice, and in like
nninner for the promotion of trade ; and others again in their places to
put as they, from the situation of afRiirs, shall see fit ; advance the peo-
pling of those fruitful and unsettled parts, and do all that the service
of those countries and the profit and increase of trade shall require."

This Company consisted of five Chambers or Boards, wliich were dis-
tributed in diflereut cities of the United Provinces. The principal one
was located at Amsterdam, and to this was confided the care and super-
intendence of the Province of New Nethbrland, the capital whereof
was established on Manhattan island and called, after the parent city.
New Amsterdam.

The government appointed to administer the affairs of the infant
Colonj', was composed of a Director-General and. Council, who exercised
Executive, Legislative and Judicial functions, having under them such
officers as were requisite to carry out their orders. They regulated the
trade of the country, and under their prudent and encouraging auspices,
New Netherland ships frequented not only the neighboring colonies, but
pushed their commerce to the Gulf of Mexico, the West Indies, Africa,
France, Spain and Italy. They sent Ambassadors to other colonies and
concluded treaties with some of them, and when the insolence of the
neighboring Indians required to be checked, they declared war against
them, and only made peace when that insolence was punished.

The Records of a government which thus introduced civilization, and
founded Courts, Churches, Schools and similar institutions in our State,
are, few will be bold enough to deny, deserving of every care and worthy
of particular preservation. They are the ground work, the foundation
stones of the History of the State of New York, and, if destroyed, the
record evidence of its antiquity is irreparably lost

These Eecords are, with the exception of two volumes of Delaware
papers, all in the Dutch language, and constitute the original Eecords
of the State from 1G30 to 1GG4. They are deposited in the third story of
the State Hall, and consist of twenty-three volumes of Manuscripts, viz.:


Kegister of ProWncial Secretary's Office, 1638 to 1662, .

Council Minutes, 1638 to 1665, .

Correspondence, 16-16 to 1661, .
Ordinances, Writs and Fort Orange Eecords, 1617 to 1661, . .

Curagao papers, 1610 to 1665, .

Delaware papers, 1615 to 1681, .

Land Papers, (Patents and Deeds,) 1630 to 1661,.

3 volumes.
7 volumes.
5 volumes.
1 volume.

1 volume.

4 volumes.

2 volumes.

These volumes, however, do aot, unfortunately, embrace all the records
of the government established by the Dutch West India Company in
this country. Many are still wanting to render the collection complete.

The earliest paper we have is dated 12th July, 1G30. This is a Land
patent. We possess no Minutes of the Council prior to 1G38, although
reference is made in these manuscripts to the Book of Eesolutions kept
iu the time of Director Van Twiller, who was governor of the colony
from 1G33 to 1G38. Farther and more careful examination has revealed
additional gaps. The following is a list, so far as ascertained, of


Council Minutes, prior to 1638.

Correspondence, prior to 1646.

Council Minutes, from 2d August, 1619, to January, 1652.

Coimcil Minutes, from June to September, 1652.

Council Minutes, from May to November, 1653, with the exception of a few
entries in August.

Eesolutions relative to the arrest of George Baxter, James Hubbard and
Thomas Wilcocke, of Gravesend, for sedition, in 1655, which were entered
in a cbstinct Eegister.

Council Minutes, from 19th June, 1657, to 1st January, 1658.

Council Minutes for the whole of the year 1659.

Book into which petitions presented to the Council were transcribed verbatim
and in extenso.

Letter Book, of which there remain three or four leaves.

Letters and journals of the transactions of the government with the neigh-
boring English colonies, recorded in a particular volume and placed with
the other English documents, of which copies had been transmitted to the
directors at Amsterdam. There is now no such volume in the State
department, although there are many English letters and some joiu-nals.

Letters and papers respecting the negotiations at Hartford with the English,
preliminary to the treaty of 1650, determining the boundary between that
colony and New Netherland. These, however, are printed in full in the
second volume of Hazard's American State Papers.

Eeport of Director Stuyvesant's voyage to, and transactions in, the West
Indies, in 1655.



Tho collection of Dutch MSS., notwitbstauding these drawbacks, is,
it -will be seen, quite voluminous and exceediugiy valuable. It is tlie
only authentic original record in the department from which we can
learn the state of Society, Religion and Education ; the system of Govern-
ment in the Colony and the Laws to which the colonists were subject two
hundred years ago. It contains the original Patents for lands granted
after 1630, including those to the Patroons of jN"ew Netherland, whereof
so much has been heard in these days. In Indian archajology alone, it
cannot fail to be of the greatest interest, as it furnishes reliable evidence
of the condition at that early period of the native tribes of Long island,
the Hudson river and Western New York, the course of their war
expeditions, and the extent to which the Indian title to lands had
been extinguished prior to the advent of the English to these parts.

The series thus divides itself into two classes ; one relating to Titles
of Eeal Estate, — the other, to the Administration of justice and of
the governiuent in general ; the enactment of Laws ; the introduction
of Municipal Institutions ; erection of Towns and establishment of Local
Courts and Magistrates ; the internal and external policy of the Colony ;
its correspondence with Fatherland and with the neighboring American
Provinces, and its various wars with the Aborigines.

The Papers of the latter class are considered purely Historical, and in
order to render them available to modern writers, require a thorough and
correct translation.

In the year 1815, the legislature authorized a translation of them to be
made. It was begun in 1818 and completed in 1822. A careful exami-
nation of that work, page with page of the original, whilst preparing
this Calendar, has satistied me that the translation is, in many places, not
only incorrect and unreliable but incomijlete, several parts and pages
of the original having been left untranslated. Grave mistakes have been
the consequence, much to the regret and annoyance of gentlemen
engaged in the labor of historical research. Furthermore, the language
of the translation has certainly not been drawn from

" The well of English pure and undefiled,"

as all admit who have had occasion to consult the work. For all these
reasons, the documents, purely historical, ought to be translated anew.

In preparing the present Volume, it is proper to state that we have
taken as a model, as far as circumstances permitted, the Calendar of
State Papers, Colonial Series, preserved in the State Deimrtmcnt of Her
Majesty's Pitllic Eecord Office, Edited hy W. Noel Sainsbury, Esq., tinder
tlie direction of the 3Iaster of the Rolls, and with the sanction of Her


Mujcshfs Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, London, 18G0.
This plan will be continued in the future parts of this work.

In order to facilitate references, and to enable those who desire to
consult any of these papers, the indorsement on, and the number
of, the volume ai'e noted at the head of the Calendar of each. Every
pains have been taken to discover if any of the papers are already in
print, and when such has been found to be the case, the Title of the work,
the Volume and page where it is printed, have been subjoined. By this
means some trouble, it is hoped, will be saved to Members of Historical
Societies and others at a distance from the Capital of the State.

A very full Index of the names of persons and places and of subjects
of general interest, such as Laws, Churches, Schools, Land papers, «S;c.,
will be found at the end of the Volume. This addition cannot fail to
add to the value of the work.

March, 1865.




[Thus * marked are in English,]
1638. PAGE.

April 19. Lease. Director Kieft to Jan Damen; two lots iu New Amsterclam, 1

April 19. Declaration. Crew of the Dolphin, respecting stormy passage of

that vessel from Holland and consequent damages, 2

April 22. Lease. Director Kieft to Wouter van Twiller, of company's bouw-

ery No. 1, on Manhattan island, 2

April 23. Declaration. That the captain of the Dolphin had not provided

passengers with food during a part of the voyage, 3

April 26. Declaration. Andries Hudde and Jan Jansen Damen, as to the

damage of certain goods on board the Dolphin, , 3

April 28. Declaration. Fiscal Lupolt, commissary Picterscn, and skipper
Dirckson, that the captain of the Dolphin had complained, before
sailing, of the leaky condition of his ship, 5

April 28. Declaration. Reyer Stoifelsen and Jan Gerritsen, respecting the

death of Anthony Jansen van Salee's dog, 5

April 29. Declaration. Reinier Jansen from levoerd, that Hendrick Jansen,
tailor, called Anthony Jansen from Salee, a Turk, rascal and
horned beast, 6

April 30. Report. William Weyman and Jan Tomassen Groen, referees, of

the settlement made by Ariaentje Cevely on her children, 6

May 14. Le.ase. Barcnt Dircksen, baker, to Cornells Jacobsen, of Mcrtens-
dyk, senior, and Cornelis Jacobsen, junior, of the bouwery called
Waleustyne, 1

May 10. Contract. Wouter van Twiller to furnish Leuaert Arentsen with

three milch cows on halves, 9

May 18. Lease. Jacobus van Corlear to Claes , of his bouwery, .... 10

June 4. Contract. Wouter van Twiller to provide George Rapaelje with

two milch cows on halves, 11



1638. r-^GE.

July 3. Note. Koclant Ilackwacrt to Woutcr van Twilk-r, for 80 lbs. of

tobacco, 12

May 1. Note. Dirck Ilolgcrsen to aircctor Kicft, for 720 guilders, 12

May 1. Note. Abraham Isaackscn Plauek to director Kieft for 520 gl.,. . . 13

May 1. Deed. Director Kieft to Abraham Isaackscn Planck, for Pauliis

Hook, west of the island of Manhattan and east of Ahasimus,. .14, 22

May 4. Declaration. Ilans Kierstode and Gerrit Schutt, surgeons, as to the

cause of Gerrit Jansen's death, 15

July 3. Note. Andries Iluddc to Gerrit Wolfertsen and others for 962

guilders, 10 stivers., 16

July 9. Inventory of Andries Iludde's property on the bonwcry called

Achtervelt, Long Island, 17

July 12. Contract. Woutcr van Twillcr to furnish B.arent and Peter Jansen

with 4 milch cows and other cattle, on halves, 18

July 10. Agreement. Andries Hudde and Hans Hansen respecting the
tobacco plantation "on the plain on Manhattan Island behind
Corlear's land," 19

July 12. Contract. Wouter van Twiller to furnish Jurian Rodolph two

goats on halves, 20

July 17. Note. Thomas Hall and George Horns to Wouter van Twiller, for

405 lbs. of tobacco, 21

July 18. Power of attorney. Hans Hansen from Bergen, Norway, to Wouter

van Twiller, 23

July 19. Declaration. Jan Jacobsen regarding an assault on dcjjuty sheriff

Bredenbent, 23

July 22. Declaration. Morrits Jansen and Peter de Mey regai'ding an attempt

of Jan Damen to throw Dick Holgertsen's wife out of doors, 24

July 22. Declaration. Surgeon Gerrit Schutt et al.,' respecting the same, .. . 25

July 22. Note. Wolphert Gerritsen to the deacons of New Amsterdam, for

the sum of 216 gl. Holland currency, 26

July 22. Mortgage. Andries Hudde to rev. Everardus Bogardus, of Ach-
tervelt, Long Island, 26

July 22. Deed. Jacobus van Curler to Wouter van Twiller, of the flatt to
the west of the most easterly of the three flats on Long Island,
called Cashutcijie, 27

July 22. DecLaration. Commissary Jacobus van Corlear, tliat certain goods

had been stolen from the public store, 28

July 24. Receipt. Cornells Dircksen Hooglant for a mmiber of goats from

Wouter van Twiller, for whose keep he is entitled to theii- milk,. 29

July 23. Power of attorney. Wouter van Twiller to director Kieft, to receive

tobacco from George Horns and Thomas Hall, 30

No date. Blank power of Attorney. Evert Bishop to collect money due his

wife, by the W. I. Comp.any at Amsterdam, 30


1633. PAGE.

July 20. Power of attorney. Jan Jansen Damen to Cornells van Tienlioven,

to manage his affiiirs diu'ing his absence, 31

July 20. Deed. Aiidries Ilndde to Gerrit Wolphertsen (van Couwenhoven,)

for 50 morgens of land at Achtervclt, L. I., 32

Aug. 9^ Contract. Symou Jansen to pay William Claessen, skipjaer of the
ship The Arms of Norway, for anise, in 12 months, if said skipper
be then alive ; if not, Jansen is not to pay anything, 32

Aug. 12. Power of attorney. Rev. Everardus Bogardus, husband of the
widow of Roclof Jansen, of Masterlandt, to Wouter van Twiller,
to collect moneys due said Jansen, 33

Aug. 13. Declaration. Amlries Pictersen that he saw Barent Dircksen deli-
ver tobacco to Mr. Gerlyn, 34

Aug. 4. Account. Cornells Melyn against Kiliaen van Renselaer, for freight
of horses and passage of sundry persons on board the ship The
Arms of Norway, 34

No date. Declaration. Thomas Hall regarding a fight with knives between
Gerrit Jansen and Jan Gysbertsen, outside the gate of Fort
Amsterdam, in which tlie former was killed, 36

No date. Declaration. Egbert van Borsum, resjjecting the same {see Vol.

4, p. 19, 2}osi), 37

Aug. 22. Power of attorney. Director Kieft to Samuel Mavrick of Maette-
tuesjes bay, to collect moneys due "W. I. Company by Thomas
Farler, John Drake, Robert Wit and George Lidlow, 38

Sept. 1. Declaration. Harman Meindertsen van den Bogerdt, surgeon, re-
specting misbehavior of Thomas Bescher's wife, and a sound
drubbing she received from her husband in consequence, 39

Sei^t. 1. Declaration. Ilcndrick Gerritscn Lichthardt and Francisco de
Porte port, respecting behavior of Mrs. Bescher at the house of
one Peter Gerlyn, 39

Sept. 1. Declaration. The same as to the conduct of Mrs. Beets in the Mat-

tetusjes bay, 40

Sept. 1. Declaration. That Jan Evertsen Bout, of Pavonia, had grossly
abused fiscal Lupolt, and threatened to shoot him if he made his
appearance there, 41

Sept. 3. Declaration. Mr. Oldingh, Capt. Tayler and others, that Capt.
Tayler was the owner of a sloop he had sold to Jan Schcpmoes
and Claes de Veringh, 42

Sept. . . . Bond. Surgeon Van de Bogacrdt to Cornells Lambrechtsen as secu-
rity for Claes Cornelissen Switz, 43

Sept. . . . Will of Surgeon Van de Bogaerdt, 44

Sept. . . . Certificate that George Lucombs is a free man, 45

Sept. . . . Indenture of George Lucombs, servant to Jan Pietersen, 45

Sept. 25. Contract. Jan Jacobsen from Vreeland to let Hendrick Harman-

sen have six cows on halves, 46

Oct. 4. Declaration. Philip de Truy and Wolphert Gerritsen, respecting


1638. — PAGE.

language of Anthony .Janscn of Salee, when asked to pay money

to the rev. Mr. Bogardus, 48

Oct. 6. Declaration. As to a conversation between Lysbct Dircksen, mid-
^vife, and Grietje Keynicrs, wife of Anthony Jansen aforesaid,
respecting the father of lier newly born child, 49

Oct. 0. Declaration. Ilendrick Jansen and Ilendrick Gerritsen that Grietje
Revniers had asserted that the rev. Mr. Bogardus had sworn
falsely, 49

Oct. 6. Declaration of Jan Petersen to the same purpose, 50

Oct. 13. Declaration. Adam Roelantsen, schoolmaster, respecting misbeha-
vior of Grietje Reyniers, 50

Oct. 13. Declaration. Egbert van Borsum and Gillis Pietersen, as to immod-
est language used by Grietje Reyuiers, 51

Oct. 13. Declaration. Jacob van Curler that rev. Everardus Bogardus's wife
had, when passing the blacksmith shop in New Amsterdam, placed
her hand on her side and drew up her petticoat a little, iu order
not to soil it, as the road was muddy, 51

Oct. 14. Declaration. Hendrick Jansen to the same eflect, C2

Oct. 19. Note. Jan Evertsen Bout of Pavouia, to director Kieft, for 250

Carolus guilders, 52

July 20. Lease. Director Kieft to Bout, for the company's farm in Pavonia, 53

No date. Patent. Director Kieft to Thomas Sanders for a house and 25

morgens of land, Manhattan island, 54

Oct. 19. Declaration. Cornelis Petersen that Annetje Jans, wife of rev.
Everardus Bogardus, had sold him a hog and purchased in
return, of him, purple cloth sufficient for a petticoat, 55

Oct. 21. Lease. Abraham Isaaksen Plane to Gerrit Dircksen of Paulus

Hook, of one morgen of land for a tobacco plantation, 55

Nov. 1. Note. John Forbes to Mr. Allen, for such amount of tobacco as

he may be found to owe Mr. Kcyts, on balancing accounts, 56

y^ July 23. Accoimt of moneys disbursed by Johannes la Montague on account

of the late Hendrick de Foreest's house and plantation, 57

No date. Conditions of sale of a house and movables belonging to the late

Hendrick de Foreest, Johannes la Montague, purchaser, 59

Oct. 2G. Note. Gerrit Dircksen Blauw to deacons, for 100 Carolus guild.,. . 60

Oct. 21. Lease. Abraham Isaacksen Planck to Claes Janscn, «?;«« Jan Pot-

tagie, of one morgen of land for a tobacco plantation, CO

July 26. Return of Philip de Truy, court messenger, to a summons on Gillis

Pietersen, 61

Nov. . . . Declaration. Jacobus van Curler that he had loaned Nicholas

Coorn some beavers, &c., 62

Dec. 17. Deed. Edward Wilson to Francis Lastley (or Lesly), of half a

plantation, &c., 62

Dec. 7. Declaration. ILans Steen and others, respecting a bequest by Aert

Dircksen, 64


1639. PAGE.

Jan. 12. Declaration. Jacob Walingen that David Pietei'sen (de Vries) of
Hoorn, skipper, had, in the year 16.35, threatened to leave Cicero
Piere at Cayenne and Virginia, 64

Jan. 1.3. Declaration. David Davidseii as to an assault committed by Hen-

drick Pietersen, 65

Feb. 17. Declaration. William Brissell and Ralph Parker as to statements

made by Isaac Allerton, 66

Feb. 17. Declaration. Director Kicft that he had offered to receive tobacco

from Mr. Allerton, in exchange for corn or money, 67

Jan. 12. Declaration. Surgeon Kierstcde as to the nature of a wound

received by Jac^b Juriaensen, 68

Jan. 24. Lease. Cornells van Tienhoven to Claes Cornelissen Swits and Jan
Claesscn Alteras of the bouwery previously occupied by Jacobus
van Curler, and situated opposite Johannes la Montague's bouwery,
called Vredendael, 68

Jan. 25. Declaration. Hans Steen Mallius and Thomas Coninck tliat Jacob

Swart had sold some articles on board the ship Love, 71

Jan. 27. Receipt of Cornells Pietersen for the sum of 51 Carolus guilders,
due Tryntje Hendricks his (Pietersen's) ^vite from her parents'
estate, 72

Feb. 19. Deed. Claes Cornelis Swits to Maryn Adriaensen for the house
and plantation formerly occupied by Master Fiscock and Hans
Hansen, on the North river, near the plantation heretofore jios-
sessed by Tonis Nysen, 73

Feb. 23. Indenture of Adam Jansen of Harlingen to serve David Pietersen

(de Vries) for two years, 74

/ March 3. Power of attorney. Maryn Adricansen to Hendrick Cornelissen van
' Vorst, to collect moneys in the city of Alcmaer, belonging to his

wife, 75

March 8. Declaration. Jacobus \a,n Curler that Wybrand Pietersen called
the wife of Anthony Jansen of Salee, a w . . . e, and Anthony a
rascal, 76

larch 12. Lease. Director Kieft to Hendrick Cornelissen van Vorst, of the

bouwery at Hobooken, heretofore occupied by the said Cornelissen, 76

March 15. Declaration. Jacob Stoffelsen and others that Grietje Reyniers
called Philip de Truy a liar, and that they called each other
several bad names, 78

March 15. Declaration. Jacob Stoffelsen and others that Anthony Jansen

called Philip de Truy a villian, 78

March 15. Declaration. Rev. Everardus Bogardus, that Philip de Truy said to
Grietje Reyniers, If you can prove me a liar, then will I prove
you a w. . .e, 79

March 21. Declaration. Cornelis Lamberse Cool, that Grietje Reyniers was
discharged for improper conduct when a waiting girl at Peter de
Winter's tavern in New Amsterdam, 80

March 22. Enumeration of the buildings erected for the W. I. company, in




1639. ''-''GE.

the time of Wonter \an Twillor, on the isl.ind of Manliattan, .it
Pavonia, The Bay, forts Orange, Nassau and Hope, 81

March 22. Return of vessels built and repaired in the time of Wouter van

T\viller, 83

March 22. Declaration. Jacob Stoftelsen, overseer of Negroes, that they had
been employed in the construction of fort Amsterdam (which was
finished in 1635), and on other work, 84

March 22. Return of property belonging to Wouter van Twiller on bou-wery
No. 1, the two islands in Hellgate, Notcu island, bouwery No. 3,

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