New York (State). Superintendent of Public Works.

Annual report of the Superintendent of Public Works: on the canals of the ... online

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Annual Kepoet of the

^ No. 1, ERIE CANAL — T. I.Hardin, Superintendent.

SPORT, showing the name and number of structures or
! different heads of expenditures, and the total cost of each y
3 of the canal under the charge of T, L Hardin, superin*
■ repairs of sixteen miles of the Erie canal, extending from
of lower Mohawk aqueduct to Albany basin, during the
ending April ^0, 1892.



STRUCTURES OR WORKS, ETC.



(exclusive of oil).



(wood)

3 (iron)

(wood)

(iron)

idge (wood) .
idges (iron) . .



excavator .



repairing towpath and berme bank (not

3pairs to slope walls

bottom of canal during spring repairs .



lal

a,neous expenditures

of consequence which does not come un-
f the above heads, viz. :
at's salary



Whole

number on

section.



46



186
1
7

16
2
9
4
4

23
1
2
2
1
2
1
7
1

29
2



Total cost,
new and old.



$273 91

9,062 05

2,239 27

347 30

50 00



1,420 25



960 49
180 12
810 80
103 00
2,434 09
59 00



875 00



$18,815 28



T. I. HARDIN,

Superintendent.



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Superintendent of Public Works.



49



SECTION No. 1, ERIE CANAL— James H. Boyland, Superintendent.

Annual Report, showing the name and number of structures or worksy
the different heads of eapenditures, and the total cost of eachy on the
line of the canal under the charge of James H, Boyland^ superin-
tent of repairs^ of sixteen miles of the Erie canal, extending from
west end of lower Mohawk aqueduct to Albany basin, during the 164
days ending September 30, 1892.



structures or works, etc.



Whole

number on

section.



Total,
new and old.



Locks

Lock-tending (exclusive of oil)

Lock-eates

Aqueduct

Waste-weirs

Culverts

Weigh-locks

Farm bridges (wood)

Swing bridges (iron)

Lift bridges (wood)

lift bridges (iron)

Suspension bridge (wood)

Suspension bridges (iron)

State scows

Small boat

Ice breakers

Under-water excavator

Lock-houses

Workshop

Watch-houses

Storehouses

Raising and repairing towpath and berme bank (noc

including repairs to slope walls) '.

Watching canal

Other miscellaneous expenditures

Other work of consequence which does not come
under any of the above heads, viz. :
Superintendent's salary



Total.



186
1
7

16
2
9
3
6

23
1
2
2
1
2
1
7
1

29
2



$2,452 22
20,708 73



2,449 00



2,599 24

3,937 88

25 75



625 00



$32,792 77



Xocks.
During the spring work repaire were made to lock bottoms at Nos. 7,
8, 10, 11, 13, 14 and IV; they were partially replanked, and where holes
were found a filling was made of crushed stone and grout.

ZfOck gates.
Whenever practicable old gates have been repaired. Eighteen new
gates have been inserted in the following locks: No. 1, two lower
gates; Nos. 5 and 6, one lower gate each; No. 9, two upper gates; No.

7



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50 Annual Report of the

10, two lower and two upper gates; No. 11, two lower gates; No. 12,
one upper gate; No. 15, one lower gate; No. 16, one lower gate; No.
17, two lower gates; and West Trpy upper side-cut, river lock, one
lower gate.

Balance-beams,

Twenty balance-beams have been placed on lock gates during the
season.

Aquedicet

Eight new trusses and caps and several new posts have been inserted;
the old ones had become very dangerous to navigation. Several more
new ones will be necessary for the spring repairs.

The timber covering of the masonry at the upper end of the pier,
which served to prevent the ice from damaging the masonry, is all
gone, and a new covering should be put on to protect the masonry in
the spring freshets.

Miter-sills,

Two new miter-sills have been put in, one each at locks Nos. 14
and 17.

Waste-weirs,

The waste-weir in West Troy basin has been repaired by inserting
a new bulkhead and new iron gates with new hoists, and it is now in
good condition; the waste- weir near the West Troy dry dock has
received new woodwork throughout.

The waste- weir between locks Nos. 9 and 10 has been strengthened;
the masonry in this weir is in bad condition and will need repairing
before the next season of navigation.

JBridges,

The bridges on this section have been kept in good repair, and new
bridges have been built at West Troy lower basin. The swing-bridge
at West Troy upper basin has been thoroughly repaired, but the abut-
ment at the west end will need to be partially rebuilt in the spring, as
some of the stone has fallen out in places where it can not be relaid
while the water is in the basin.

Watch-hoicses and lock-hoicses.

One new watch-house has been built, and general repairs have been
made to the lock-houses.



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Superintendent of Public Works. 51

Towpath,
One State boat has been employed in the work of graveling the tow-
path; considerably more scows should be put on, for in some places
the banks are getting low, and the distance from which the material is
obtained being quite remote, one scow and crew is unable to place the
towpath in as good condition as would be desirable.

VerticcU wcUls and slope walls.

Repairs were made to all vertical and slope walls during the spring
work.

The vertical wall through the sixteen group of locks is in a very bad
condition; in many places parts of it have fallen into the canal
during the past season, and to remove this stone the level had to be
drawn off for fear of the danger offered to boats. As has been recom-
mended by my predecessor, a great deal of this wall should be rebuilt.

Docks,
A large amount of hemlock timber has been laid in the docks of this
section during the past season, but still a great deal more docking will
be required before the next season of navigation.

Depth of water.

There has been a depth of seven feet of water on all the levels during

the entire season.

JVavigatio7i.

The only delay to navigation which has been observed was when a

boat would sink, whereupon the level was drawn off and the boat

repaired, which would not exceed two hours; it is customary in such

cases to take the boat to drydock to prevent a loss on the cargo and to

have the boat repaired in the shortest space of time.

JBottominy out canal,
A considerable amount of cleaning out was done during the spring
repairs, the most of it between lock 18 and the lower Mohawk aque-
duct, and this portion has been of much benefit to boatmen. The work
was done principally by the assistant superintendent of public works
under special acts of the Legislature.

Recommendations.

Bridges Nos. 6, 8, 10, 30, 31 and 32 all require to be rebuilt for the
coming season. I would recommend that the iron chords of bridge
No. 10, Port Schuyler, be transferred to bridge Jfo. 8 on the Troy and



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52 Annual Report of the

Albany road, and that bridge No. 10 be replaced by the iron bridge
which served in the place of the present West Troy lift-bridge, a
stronger bridge being requisite for No. 10 on account of the increasing
traffic it is made to accommodate.

Bridges Nos. 30, 31 and 32 are wooden chord and are very much
decayed, the chords having been spliced during the past summer to
make them last through the season.

The bottom of culvert between locks Nos. 6 and 7 should be
replanked.

Locks Nos. 11, 13, 14 and 16 are in poor condition, and in each of
them the lock bottom should be repaired by taking out the old plank,
removing all the loose material between foundation timbers, and billing
in with concrete and grout to prevent the water from leaking into a
culvert or another look and provide against a settling in the masonry.

The locks on this section ought to be thoroughly pointed with Port-
land cement; a number of them are leaking very badly and demand
early attention. There are some miter-sills that will have to. be
replaced with new ones; these miter-sills are so badly worn that it is
almost impossible to stop the gates from leaking, whereas new miter-
sills work better and diminish the chances of the gates being forced out.

New gates should be placed in the West Troy weigh-lock and one
pair in the Albany weigh-lock. The wickets by which the weigh-locks
are emptied will also need repairs.

The tumble gate in lock No. 2, Champlain canal, should be replaced
by a new one.

The Cohoes dam across the Mohawk river is in a very bad condition,
and there is danger that it may soon go out in some places; if this
occurred it would stop navigation, for through this dam the Mohawk
acts as a feeder of the Champlain canal as far as West Troy and for
the West Troy level. The dock at the south end of the dam and at
the head of guard-lock should be rebuilt, as it has rotted considerably
and some of it has already fallen into the river.

The level between lock No. 2 and guard No. 3, Champlain canal,
should be bottomed out. Boats frequently run aground on bars which
have formed on this level, and these obstacles should be removed as
soon as practicable.

JAMES H. BOYLAND,

i^perintendent.



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Superintendent of Public Wobks.



53



SECTION 2, ERIE CANAL — James Collins, Superi7itendent.

Annual Report, showing the name and number of structures or
works, the different heads of expenditures and the, total cost of each,
on the line of the canal under the cfiarge of James Collins, superin-
tendent of repairs of thirty-two miles of the Erie canal, extending
from the head of lower Mohawk aqueduct to head of lock 27, during
the 366 days ending September 30, 1892.



structures or works, etc.



Ix>cks

Lock-tending (exclusive of oil)

Lock-gates

Aqueducts

Waste-weirs

Culverts

Farm bridges (wood)

Farm bridges (iron)

Road bridges (wood)

Boad bridges (iron)

Towpath bridges (wood)

Towpath bridges (iron)

State scows

Ice-breakers

Lock-houses '

Workshops

Watch-houses

Storehouses

Raising and repairiujg towpath and berme
bank (not including repairs to slope-
walls) . .

Watching canal

Other work of consequence which does
not come under any of the above
heads, viz. :

Watching State house

Special foreman

Diver



Whole

number on

section.



Feeder tender

Publishing abstracts

Superintendent's salary

Total



19



74
3
2

18



47



Cost of
repairs of
old, etc.



$1,307 92
10,710 00



710 65



920 30



Total,
new and old.



5.794 82
i;715 00



240 00
549 00
350 00
105 00
48 25
1,500 00



$1,307 92
10,710 00



710 65



920 80



5,794 82
1,715 00



240 00
549 00
350 00
105 00
48 25
1,500 00



$23,950 94



Locks,

All the locks on section were repaired duiing the work of preparing
for navigation in the spring.

Lock-gates.

Eight new pairs of gates and six new balance-beams were put in at
locks No8. 18, 20, 21, 22, 24 and 27.



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54 Annual Report of the

Aqvreduets,

Two trusses were inserted in the aqueduct at Rexford Flats The
aqueduct should be entirely rebuilt.

Bridges.

Bridge No. 52 has been replaced by a new one. I am now occupied
n framing bridges Nos. 45 and 55, and inserting thirteen needle-beams
in bridges Nos. 41, 43, 44, 47 and 48.

Towpath.

The towpath has been repaired and graveled and the berme bank
has been strengthened at various points. One leak was discovered in
the berme bank, between locks Nos. 22 and 23, and it was repaired
before any damage was caused to navigation.

Docks,

A total amount of 1,960 feet of new dock has been put in along the
line of section.

State scows.

One new State scow was put on to replace an abandoned scow.

Recommendations.

I would recommend the following repairs as necessary for the com-
ing season: At locks Nos. 19, 22, 25 and 27 the bottoms should be
taken up and concrete placed therein ; new piers and bulkheads should
be put in at locks Nos. 25,26 and 27; the old wooden culvert at
Kline's, on the seven-mile level, is becoming rotten and it should be
rebuilt; a new bridge should be erected at Nos. 48 and 55; the waste-
weir on the feeder level ought to be rebuilt; the walls on both sides
of the canal, from lock No. 22 to the aqueduct, are in such condition
that they ought to be relaid; and new abutments should be built under
Patterson ville bridge No. 74. .

JAMES COLLINS,

Superintendent.



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SUPERINTENDKNT OF PuBUC WoRKS.



55



SECTION No. 3, ERIE CANAL.— R. F. Owens, Superintendent,

Annual Report, showing the name and number of structures or
works^ the different heads of expenditures^ and the total cost of each,
on the line of the canal under the charge of R. F, Owens, superin-
tendent of repairs of thirty-eight miles of the Erie canal, extending
from head of lock 21 to head of lock 34, during the 366 days ending
September 30, 1892.



structxjres or works, etc.



Locks

Lock-tending (exclusive of oil)

Lock-gates

Aqueducts

Waste- weirs

Culverts

Farm bridges (wood)

Farm bridges (iron)

Road bridges (wood)

Etoad bridges (iron)

Towpath bridges (wood)

State scows

Ice-breakers

Lock-houses

Workshops

Watch-houses

Timber sheds

Piling machines

Raising and repairing towpath and berme

bank (not mcluding repairs to slope

walls)

Grouting bottom of canal during spring

repairs

Cleaning and repairing at railroad feeder.

Dams (672 feet)

Slope and vertical walls

Docking

Repairs of breaches

Watching canaL

Other work of consequence which does
not come under any of the above
heads,'viz. :

Feeder tending

Unloading ana piling lumber

Special foreman

Publishing abstracts

Superintendent's salary



Total.



Whole

number on

section.



14



56

8
4



42
7
7
5
5
2
2
7
2
2
2
1



Cost of

repairs of

old, etc.



1719 88

8,880 00

406 00

689 80

"m'so

2,589 86



511 87



3,040 20

272 80
123 60

'"44606

1,888 40

870 76

1,470 00



525 00

182 85

219 60

68 00



Total,
new and old.



|719 88

8.880 00

406 00

689 80

"176*36



2,589 36



511 87



8,040 20

272 80
128 60

"*446'66

1,888 40

870 76

1,470 00



525 00

182 85

219 60

68 00

1,500 00



$22,968 92



Locks,
All locks have been carefully inspected and repaired where it was
found necessary. These repairs consisted in cleaning out wells, point-
ing up walls and repainng miter-sills.



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66 Annual Kepobt of the

Loch gates.

New gates have been put into the following locks: One fore gate,
towpath side, at lock 28; two fore gates, towpath side, at lock 30;
one upper gate, towpath side, at lock 31; two upper gates, towpath
side, at lock 32.

All other gates on section 3 have been properly repaired.

AqueducU,
The aqueducts at Downing and Lasher have been rebuilt with new
trunks, etc. Three stone abutments at the Lasher aqueduct were taken
down and rebuilt. The Schoharie creek aqueduct was replanked and
braced in different portions of it, and all other aqueducts received
proper attention.

Bridges,

All bridges on section No. 3 have been repaired with new braces,
floor timbers, needle-beams and plank. A new bridge was rebuilt at
Auriesville, and Nos. 87, 89, 101, 103 and 106 were painted.

Towpath,
The towpath, for the whole length of the section, and principally
in the worst places, has been raised and graveled. One scow was
employed in this work all season, and now I am happy to aver that
the towpath has never been in a more satisfactory condition.

Slope and vertical waMs,
During the work of spring repairs all such portions of slope and
vertical walls as had fallen or were about to fall were rebuilt. The
work was done chiefly at Amsterdam, Fort Hunter, Fulton ville,
Canajoharie, Fort Plain and St. Johnsville.

Docks,
Before the opening of navigation and at various times during the
season, new dock has been put in at many places along the section
wherever it was deemed necessary. Most of the docking was done at
Amsterdam, Fultonville, Canajoharie and Fort Plain.

Depth of water.

During the entire season the depth of water has been fully seven

feet over the miter-sills.

Breaches,

In the early part of August about ten feet of towpath three feet in

depth went out at a point three miles below Amsterdam. The break

was quickly repaired, and hence navigation was scarcely delayed.



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Superintendent of Public Works. 57

This was the only break that occuiTed during the entire season, and

was probably due to the heavy rain storm that took place about

this time.

Cleaning canal.

The bottom of the canal, .which was in a very bad condition last
spring, owing doubtless to the heavy rains, was thoroughly cleaned.
All the bars were speedily removed, as well as other material that
might act as an obstacle to navigation.

thjbnken boats.

Four boats have sunk on this section during the season. Three of
them, the A. H. Gordon, Louis Bedell, and Mary, sprang aleak and
went down between Amsterdam and Fort Hunter; they were towed to
dry dock at Amsterdam with the assistance of the State scow. The
fourth boat was loaded with rags and resin and caught fire between
Canajoharie and Fort Plain, where it sank and now lies, close to the
berme bank; an attempt was made to raise it by the help of the State
pump boat, but the effort was ineffectual.

Recommendations.

I would most respectfully recommend that a new lower gate be
inseited at lock 28; that the Schoharie creek aqueduct be repaired, as
its sides and bottom have almost rotted out, and its two piers, Nos. 5
and 6, have settled about eight inches, thus needing to be raised and
cribbed and new timbers to be placed on all the thirteen piers to break
the ice; that the aqueducts at Spraker and Fort Plain be rebuilt
entirely new; that the paving in the creek at Fort Plain be replaced so
as to prevent the undermining of the aqueduct; that the stone abut-
ments at the Fort Plain aqueduct be taken down and rebuilt, as they
are in a very bad condition; that new piers be built at locks 30, 31,
32, 33 and 34; that docking be done at Big Nose; that the Schoharie
creek dam be put in a condition to feed the canal at Fort Hunter. In
its present condition no water can be obtained unless during the time
of high water, hence a number of miles of canal east of this point can-
not be fed from this source.

R. F. OWENS,

Superintendent of Section 3.

Amsterdam, October 1, 1892.

8



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58



Annual Report of the



SECTION No. 4, ERIE CANAL— H. M. Wood, SupeHntendent.

Annual Report, showing the name and number of structures or
works, the different heads of expenditures, and the total cost of each,
on the line of the canal under the charge of IL M. Wood, superin-
tendent of repairs of twenty-nine miles of the Erie canal, extending
from head of lock No, 34 ^o east line of Oneida county, during the
366 days etiding September 30, 1892.



STRUCTURES OR WORKS, ETC.



Locks and gates

Lock-tending (exclusive of oil). .

Lock-gates

Agueaucts

Waste-weirs

Culverts

Farm bridges (wood)

Farm bridges (iron)

Road bridges (wood)

Road bridges (iron)

Towpath bridges (wood)

Towpath bridges (iron)

State scows

Ice-breakers

Lock-houses

Workshops

Watch-houses

Timber sheds

Raising and repairing towpath and berme
bank (not including repairs to slope
walls)

Dam (feet, 1,000)

Slope wall

Docking and railing

Watching canal

Other work of consequence which does
not come under any of the above
heads, viz. :

Ice breaking

Unloading lumber

Piers

Superintendent's salary



Total.



'Whole

number on

flection.



22
44

88
5
7
6



50



3
2
5
2
11
2



Cost of

repairs of

old, etc.



$2,047 86
13,090 00

" '527*20
62 00
62 00



862 17



80 40



1,851 75

*ii62i'55
1,605 89
1,780 00



28 80

256 50

45 60

1,500 00



Total,
new and old.



12,047 86
13,090 00

""527'26
62 00
62 00



862 17



80 40



1,851 75

'i;62i*55

1,605 89
1,780 00



28 80

256 50

45 60

1,500 00



$24,821 72



Locks and Lock-gates,

The locks and gates on this section were, as far as could be,
thoroughly repaired before the opening of navigation. During the
season gates have been placed in locks as follows: One lower gate in
each of locks Nos. 37 and 39; two lower gates in No. 43; one upper
gate in Nos. 35, 38, 40 and 42; and two upper gates in Nos. 42 and 43.



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Superintendent of Public Works. 59

Lock-tending,
This section includes eleven double locks, Nos. 35 to 45, inclusive, in
all requiring the services of forty-four men for seven months.

Aquediccts.
Two spans of the Mohawk aqueduct, three ^pans of the Castle creek,
and one of the Dion aqueduct are taken up each year at the close of
navigation to prevent damage to property from the overflow of the
creeks. These aqueducts were put in repair and relaid before canal
opening.

Bridges.

The bridges on this section have been kept in a good state of repair.
One frame farm bridge (No. 166) has been erected.

Under this head I desire to call your attention to the condition of
the iron road bridge at Little Falls. The bridge is now condemned
and is totally unsafe for the amount of traffic it receives.

WalU,
The slope walls and vertical walls on this section were relaid wher-
ever necessary before navigation was opened. This work included the
relaying of the east retaining wall at the Ilion aqueduct bridge.

Piers,
The lower pier at lock No. 39, Little Falls, was entirely rebuilt
before the opening of navigation.

Docks and railings.
Two hundred feet of dock has been laid between locks Nos. 38 and
39, and railing fixed on the same, to insure the safety of teams. The
docks along the whole line of section have been kept in a good state of
repair.

Dams.

The present State dam has been repaired in the customary manner,
A new stone dam is now in course of construction and will be ready
for the coming season.

Water,

A uniform depth of seven and one-half feet of water has been main-
tained on all the levels in this section.

Bottoming out canal.
All bars and other obstructions to navigation were removed before
the opening of navigation.



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60



Annual Rkpobt of the



Remarks.

I would recommend that a portion of the vertical wall on the berme
bank of the Ilion level be relaid, as at present it is in bad condition.

About 200 feet of the slope wall near the head of lock No. 44 should
be removed and a vertical wall built in its stead.

H. M. WOOD,

October 14, 1892. Superintendent,



SECTION No. 1, CHAMPLAIN CANAL — James DouGBEY, Supt

Annual Repobt showing the name and number of structures or works ^
the different heads of expenditures, and the total cost of each, on the
line of the canal under the charge of James Dougrey, Jr,, superin-
tendent of repairs of thirty-two miles of the Champlain canal,
extending from north end of Cohoes bridge to foot of Lock No, 11,
during the 366 days ending September 30, 1892.



S'lTlUCTURES OR WORKS, ETC.



•idge tending (exclusive of oil) .



js (wood)

is (iron)

s (wood)

s (iron)

dges (wood)

(iron)

s over outlet of weigh-lock .



I repairing towpath and berme bank, (not
o repairs to slope walls)

Cleaning out bottom of canal during spring repairs . . .

Dams (740 + 1,100 = 1,840)

Watching canal, waste-weirs and State property

Other work of consequence which does not come
under any of the above heads, viz. :

Carpenters, etc

Sir Gallett (steam pump)

Abstracts

Superintendent's salary



Total.



Whole

number on

section.



11



44

1

10

7

1

21

15

10

13

12

2

3

3

2

7

1

8

1



Total cost,
new and oldi



$6,572 66



6,230 25
1,734 25

"2,956 '66



4,954 35
32 50
62 00

1,500 00



$24,036 01



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Superintendent of Public Works. 61

Locks,

On this section we have made the following repairs :

Lock No. 6. Put in two new wedges, new bolts in lever box frame,
new top on tumble-gate and four new arms in swing-gates.

Lock No. 6. New pair elbows, and new frame for same, connecting
rods taken out, straightened and replaced; new shieve and casting for
same; also put in new elbow bolts for tumble-gate chains.

Lock No. 7. Two new wedges and caps for same; one new shieve,
new bolts throughout for same, new chain for tumble-gate; also
straightened shaft at tumble-gate.


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