New York (State).

The colonial laws of New York from the year 1664 to the Revolution : including the charters to the Duke of York, the commissions and instructions to colonial governors, the Duke's laws, the laws of the Dongan and Leisler Assemblies, the charters of Albany and New York and the acts of the colonial le online

. (page 60 of 92)
Online LibraryNew York (State)The colonial laws of New York from the year 1664 to the Revolution : including the charters to the Duke of York, the commissions and instructions to colonial governors, the Duke's laws, the laws of the Dongan and Leisler Assemblies, the charters of Albany and New York and the acts of the colonial le → online text (page 60 of 92)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


ing Persona. Vizt: David Still, William Kennedy, Henry Daw-
kins, Benjamin Willet, Alexander McDonald, Benjamin Das-
Bigny, James Shaw, Francis Humbert De LaRoche, Henry Kil-
grow, Thomas Stilwell, William Valentine, Thomas Barry, Daniel
McTnley, Isaac Bratt, John Hiscock, and George Ellis all con-
fined in the Goal of the City and County of New York; Cornelius
Balsom, Abraham Onderdonck and Samuel Ferguson confined
in Orange County Goal, Zebulon Scoffield, confined in Ulster
County Goal, Gilbert Willet, confined in the Goal of the Borough
Town of West Chester, Jacob Simderer, Adam Smith, Hendrick
Klauw, Daniel Pierce, Hugh Miilloy, Cornelius Malone, Owen
Daly, Petrus Egbertson, Christopher Haak, Benedict or Bene-
dictus Falkenier, confined in Albany County Goal, Jeremiah
Bennet confined in King's County Goal, Isaiah Ismond, W^illiam
Tompkins, Paul Davison, Gerardus Lewis, Daniel Seaman, Hen-
drick Ackart, John Calkin, Christian Sachrider, Thomas Freer,
John Vandervoort, John Van Vleckere, Isaao Bull and Simon
Newcomb confined in Dutchess County Goal, Tyho shall insist
upon such their Debtors being detained under their respective
Confinements, shall within one Month after the publication of
such Advertisements as are herein after directed agree by writ-
ing under their Hands to pay and allow three shillings and six
pence per Week, unto the said Prisoners respectively, to be
paid the Monday of every Week so long as he shall continue in
prison at his her or their Instance, and if such Agreement as afore-
said shall not be entered into, or if entered into, not punctually
complied with and on Failure of the payment of such Weekly
sum at any Time, such of the said Prisoners whose Creditor
or Creditors shall hot enter into such Agreement or shall fail
complying with it as aforesaid, shall be entitled to the Benefit
of this Act, upon complying with the Terms and Conditions herein
after imposed.

AND BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority afore-
said, That it shall and may be lawful for each and every of
tbom the said David Still, WMlliam Kennedy, Henry Dawkine,
Benjamin Willet, Alexander Mc Donald, Benjamin Dassigny,
James Shaw, Francis Humbert De LaRoche, Henry KllgroW|



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



598 LAWS OP THE COLONY OP NEW YORK.

Tliomas Stilwell, William Valentine, Thomas Barry, Daniel
Mclnley, Isaac Bratt, John Hiscock, George Ellis, Cornelius
Balsom, Abraham Onderdonck, Samuel Ferguson, Zebulon Sco-
ffield, Gilbert Willet, Jacob Simderer, Adam Smith, Hendrick
Klaaw, Daniel Pierce, Hugh Mulloy, Cornelius Malone, Owen
Daly, Petrus Egbertson, Christopher Haak, Benedict or Bene-
dictus Falkenier, Jeremiah Bennet, Isaiah Ismond, William
Tompkins, Paul Davison, Gerardus Lewis, Daniel Seaman,
Hendrick Ackart, John Calkin, Christian Sachrider, Thomas
Freer, John VanderVoort, John Van Vleckere, Isaac Bull and
Isaac Newcomb, to present a Petition to the Court, out of
which any process against them respectively hath issued,
and upon which they are imprisoned, or to any two of the
Judges of such Court certifying the Cause or Causes of his
Imprisonment, and exhibiting an Account and Inventory of his
whole real and personal Estate, and of the securities relating
to the same, which Petition with the said Account and Inventory,
shall be lodged with the Clerk of the said Court, for the inspec-
tion of the Creditors, and after such Petition presented, and
Account and Inventory filed, such Prisoners shall respectively
publish Advertisements in one or more of the Public News-
papers of this Colony, notifying their Creditors that they In-
tend to apply to the said Court, or to any two of the Judges
thereof, at a certain Day, not less than four Weeks from the
Publication of such Advertisements respectively, to be dis-
charged according to the prayer of his or their said Petition,
at which Day the said Court, or the said two Judges may and
are hereby required by precept under their Hands and Seals
directed to the Sheriff, Goaler, or Officer in whose Custody such
Prisoner or Prisoners may be, to order the said Prisoner or
Prisoners respectively to be brought up before such Court, or
such Judges and if such Provision as is aforesaid, hath not
been made for the subsistance of the said Prisoner or Prisoners
by his or their Creditors respectively, the said Court or Judges
may then respectively administer the following Oath or Affirma-
tion to wit, "I A. B. do solemnly Swear or Affirm, That the
"Account by me now delivered is a just and true Account of
"all my Creditors, and the Monies owing to them respectively
"by me, to the best of my knowledge and remembrance: And
" that the Inventory and Account now delivered by me, is a
"just and true Account of all my Estate real and personal,
"both in Law and Equity, either in possession^ Beversion or



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



LAWS OP THE COLONY OP NEW YORK. 699

** Kemainder (the Necessary wearing Apparel of myself my wife
"and Children, and Family immediately under my Care ex-
**cepted), and I have not directly or indirectly, sold, leased,
" assigned or otherwise disposed of or made oyer, either in Trust
** for myself or otherwise, except as set forth in the same Ac-
** count any part of my Estate real or personal for my future
** Benefit, or in order to defraud my Creditors, and that none of
** my Creditors reside in Great Britain so help me God," which
Oath or Affirmation being taken if the Truth thereof shall be
denied or controverted by any of the Creditors, the said Court
or Judges may appoint some further Day for hearing the Parties,
aB well Debtors as Creditors, and upon such further Hearing,
may in tbeir Discretion, either remand the said Debtors, or pro-
ceed to their Discharge as if no such further Hearing had been
required; But if the said Oath or AflQrmation, shall not be con-
troverted or denied, then the said Court or Judges may imme-
diately order the Lands Goods and Effects contained in such
Account and Inventory to be by a short Indorsement on the
Back of such Petition executed by the Prisoner assigned to the
Bald Creditors or to one or more of them, or to some other Per-
Bon or Persons to be appointed by the said Court or Judges
respectively in Trust for all the Creditors, and also for all At-
tornies, sheriffs, Goalers, and other Officers with respect to
their Fees, for which they shall come in as the Creditors of the
Insolvent, abating pro rata, by which Assignment such Estate
shall actually vest in, and be taken in possession by the said
Trustee or Trustees according to the purport of such Assign-
ment, and shall be divided by the Assignees from Time to Time,
among all the Creditors in proportion, after six Months previous
Kotice published in one of the public News-papers of this Colony
of such Assignment, and requiring all the Creditors to send in
their Demands, and if any Part thereof is in possession of any
other person or persons, the same shall be recoverable in the
Name or Names of such Trustee or Trustees, who are hereby
fully authorized to dispose of and execute good and sufficient
Deeds for the same, or any Part thereof, and to divide and dis-
tribute as well the Monies thence arising as such other Monies
which shall come into their Hands by Virtue of this Act among
the Creditors of the said Debtors respectively, and the Officers
aforesaid to whom any Fees may be due in proportion to their
respective Debts or Demands according to the true Intent and
meaning of this Act, to which no Release from the Insolvent
shall be any Bar; And immediately upon such Assignment being



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



OOU LAWS OF THE COLONY OP NEW YORK.

made, and the Effects of the Insolvent delivered to the said
Trustee or Trustees, the said Prisoner or Prisoners, shall by
order of the said Court or Judges be discharged out of Custody:
and such Order shall be a sufficient Warrant to the Sheriff,
Ooaler, or Keeper of such Prisoner to discharge such Prisoner
or Prisoners, if detained for no other Cause or Causes than those
mentioned in such his or their Petition, and he is required forth
with to discharge and set him or them at liberty without Fee,
and upon such Discharge the said Debtors shall be finally re-
leased from all Debts contracted and all Judgments contained
before that Time, and shall not be liable to be sued or arrested
or to have their Lands or Tenements, Goods or Chattels seized
by virtue or in Consequence thereof, and every Person who shall
be convicted of wilful false swearing, in any Matter or Article
contained in the said Oath, he or she shall be guilty of Felony,
and suffer the Pains of Death without Benefit of Clergy.

AND BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority afore-
said. That if any of the said Debtors shall be sued for any
Debts accrued before the passing of this Act, or if any Judge
or other Officer shall be sued for any Thing done in pursuance
and under the Authority of this Act, such Defendant may plead
the general Issue, and give this Act and the special Matter in
Evidence: Provided that this Act shall not extend to discharge
any Person who shall stand committeed at the Suit of the Crown,
and Provided also. That this Act shall not be construed to
affect any Creditor or Creditors residing in Great Britain any
Thing herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

PROVIDED ALSO, AND BE IT ENACTED by the same Au-
thority That Nothing in this Act contained shall operate as a
Discharge to the aforenamed Gilbert Willet from any Debts
Legacies or Demands due from him to any Person or Persons
as Executor or one of the Executors of the last Will and Testa-
ment of his Father Thomas Willet deceased, any Thing herein
contained to the contrary there of in any wise notwithstanding.

[CHAPTER 1638.]
[Chapter 1638, of Van Schaack, where the act Is printed In full.]

An Act for naturalizing the several Per-
sons therein named.

[Passed, March 8, 1778.]

WHEREAS Michael Kleyne, John Fretcher, Michael Stoller,
Michael Warner, Henry Haan, Jacob Waggoner, Christian



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



LAWS OF THE COLONY OF NEW YORK, j 601

Schorer, Michael Witherick, Johannes Kelthsh, Christian Hoflf-
steder, Honnicol Rhyne, Matthias Clemens, Philip Clemens,
William Bender, George Shiff, George Brown, Lawrence Ringle,
Jost Kough, George Sneck Junior, George Witherick, Theobald
Bacher, Philip Bellanger, George Ough, Faltin Miller, Baltus
Breitenbeger, George Bower, John George Groundhart, John
Rhyma, Nicholas Keller, Peter Multer, John Kellar Junior, Jo-
hannes Wolf, Jacob Myer, Hendrick Schafer, John Leuz,
Christopher Stuble, Jacob Tynges, Adam Hartman, Jacob
Byrkey, Jacob Byrkey Junior, Peter Byrkey, Peter Gardner,
Arnold Stein was, Johannes Kleyne, Johannes Munderbach,
Fredrick Ayrer, John Eisenlord, Julius Bush, Simon Bydeman,
Philip William Stuart, Andreas Heintz, John Conradt Smith,
John Forneyee, Jacob Moore, William Goodbrode, Jacob Wal-
ter, Francis Fry, Jacob Myer, Peter Whitmore, George Kough,
John Kough, Michael Kermer Junior, Jacob Sheets^ Jacob Merk-
ley, Christian Hill, Hendrick Hagner, John Siemon, Philip Cool,
Leonard Kratzer, Adam Bengle, Coenradt Hoining, Philip Smith,
Henry Smith, John RonlafP, Samuel Millur, Jacob Flander,
Johan Soil, Johan Jost Volz, Johan Daniel Gros, Adam Dumm,
Nicholas Dumm, Melicher Dumm, Henry Becker, Jacob Joran,
Viitei Eigebrode, Johan Smith, John Hortigh, Jacob Duslar,
Christian Graf, Henry Herring, George Bartholemew Jean
Haumaid and John Fisher, have by their Petitions presented to
the General Assembly desired that they may be naturalized and
become his Majesty's liege Subjects within this Colony.

BE IT THEREFORE ENACTED by his Excellency the Gov-
ernor the Council and the General Assembly, and it Is hereby
enacted by the Authority of the same, That the beforenamed
Michael Kleyne, John Fretcher, Michael Stoller, Michael Warner,
Henry Haan Jacob Waggoner, Christian Schorer, Michael With-
erick, Johannes Kelthsh, Christian Hofsteder, Honnicol Rhyne,
Matthias Clemens, Philip Clemens, William Bender, George
Shiff, George Brown, Lawrence Ringle, Jost Kough, George
Sneck Junior, George Witherick, Theobald Bacher, Philip Bel-
langer, George Ough, Faltin Miller, Balias Breitenbeger,
George Bower, John George Groundhart, John Rhyma, Nicholas
Keller, Peter Multer, John Kellar Junior, Johannes Wolf, Jacob
Myer, Hendrick Shafer. John Leuz, Christopher Stuble, Jacob
Tynges, Adam Hartman, Jacob Byrkey, Jacob Byrkey Junior,
Peter Byrkey, Peter Hardner. Arnold Steinwas, Johannes Kleyne,
Johannes Munderbach. Fredrick Ayrer, John Eisenlord, Julius
76



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



602 LAWS OP THE COLONY OF NEW YORK.

Bush, Simon Bydeman, Philip William Stuart, Andreas Heintz,
John Conradt Smith, John Forneyee, Jacob Moore, William
Goodbrode, Jacob Walter Francis Fry, Jacob Myer, Peter
Whitmore, George Kough, John Kough, Michael Kermer Junior,
Jacob Sheets, Jacob Merkley, Christian Hill, Hendrich Hagner,
John Siemon, Philip Cool, Leonard Kratzer, Adam Bengle,
Coenradt Hoining, Philip Smith, Henry Smith, John Ronlafif,
Samuel Millur, Jacob Flander, Johan Soil, Johan Jost Volz,
Johan Daniel Gros, Adam Dum, Nicholas Dum, Melicher Dum,
Henry Becker, Jacob Joran, Peter Eigebrode, Johan Smith,
John Hortigh, Jacob Duslar, Christian Graf, Henry Herring,
George Bartholemew, Jean Haumaid and John Fisher, and each
and every of them shall be and are hereby declared to be
naturalized to all Intents, Constructions and purposes whatso-
ever, and from henceforth and at all Times hereafter shall be
entitled to, have, and enjoy all the Rights, Liberties, Privileges
and Advantages which his Majesty's natural born subjects in
this Colony have and enjoy, op to have and enjoy, as fully to all
Intents and purposes whatsoever as if all and every of them
had been born within this Colony.

PROVIDED ALWAYS and it is hereby further Enacted by
the Authority aforesaid, That each of the abovenamed persons,
shall take the Oaths appointed by Law instead of the Oaths of
Allegiance and Supremacy, subscribe the Test, and make, re-
peat, swear to, and subscribe the Abjuration Oath, in any of his
Majesty's Courts of Record within this Colony, which Oaths, the
said Courts are hereby required upon Application to them made,
to administer, take the Subscriptions, and cause the Names of
the Persons so swearing and subscribing to be entered upon
Record in the said Courts, and the said beforementioned per-
sons are hereby each of them required to pay the several Sums
hereafter mentioned, that is to say. To tie Speaker of the Gen-
eral Assembly the Sum of ten Shillings, to the Judge of such
Court the Sum of six Shillings, and to the Clerk of such Court
the Sum of three Shillings.

AND BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority afore-
said. That if the said persons or any of them having so sworn
and subscribed as aforesaid shall demand a Certificate of his or
their being entered upon Record in the manner before directed,
the Court or Courts in which such Oaths and Subscriptions
shall be made, are hereby directed and required to grant such
under the Hand of the Judge and seal of the said Court or



Digitized by VjOOQIC



LAWS OP THE COLONY OF NEW YORK. 603

Courts, !n which such Oaths and subscriptions as aforesaid shall
be made, countersigned by the Clerk of the said Courts, for
which Certificate each of them shall pay over and above the
Bums abovementioned the Sum of six Shillings, one half to the
Judges of such Court or Courts, and the other half to the Clerk
thereof, which Certificate or Certificates shall be at all Times
to the i)er8on or persons therein named a sufficient proof of his
or their being naturalized by virtue of this Act,' in as full and
effectual a Manner as if the Record aforesaid was actually pro-
duced by the Person or Persons so named in such Certificate.

PROVIDED ALSO and be it Enacted by the Authority afore-
said, That such of the Persons hereby naturalized as shall Sot
take the Oath T^st and Abjuration and pay the Fees in Manner
herein before directed within twelve Months next after the pass-
ing hereof shall have no manner of Benefit by this Act, any
Thing herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

AND BE IT ENACTED by the same Authority, That the
Public Printer of this Colony, shall and hereby is directed and
required to print this Act as if the same was a public Law of this
Colony.

THIBTY-FIRST ASSEMBLY.

Sixth Session.

(Begun Jan. 6| 1774, 14 George III, William Tryon, Governor.}

[CHAPTER 1639.]
[See chapter 948, continued by chapter 1691.]

!A.n Act further to continue an Act enti-
tled, "An Act for granting to his Majesty the
Several Duties and Impositions on Goods
Wares and Merchandizes imported into this
Colony therein Mentioned/'

[Passed, February 8, 1774.1

Whereas the several Duties and Impositions on Goods Wares
and Merchandizes imported into this Colony and granted for the
support of the Government of his late Majesty King George the
Second by the abovementioned Act, have by several subsequent
Acts been continued to the first Day of February one thousand
seven hundred and seventy four, and the General Assembly
being willing to make Provision for the further support of his
Majesty's Government*



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



604 LAWS OP THE COLONY OF NEW YORK. '^

Be it tJiarfore Enacted hy Ms Excellency tJie OovcrnoTj the
Council and the General Assembly and it is hereby enacted by
the Authority of the same That the abovementioned Act, entitled,
"An Act for granting to his Majesty the several Duties and
Impositions on Goods Wares and Merchandizes imported into
this Colony therein mentioned," passed in the twenty seventh
Year of his late Majesty's Reign, shall be and is hereby con-
tinued and every Clause Matter and Thing therein contained,
enacted to be and remain in full force, to all Intents, Construc-
tions and Purposes whatsoever until the first Day of February
which will be in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hun-
dred and seventy five inclusive; and that Nicoll Havens of Shelter
Island in Suffolk County, be the OflBcer appointed to collect
the Colony Duties in the said County in the abovementioned Act.

Provided ahcaySy That so much of the first Clause or Section
of said Act, as relates to European or East India Goods im-
ported from the British Islands into this Colony, shall be con-
strued, taken and deemed to be from the British Islands in
America only, any Thing in the said Act to the contrary hereof
notwithstanding.

[CHAPT'ER 1640.]

!An Act to enable posthumous Children to
take Estates as if born in their Father's Life-
time.

[Passed, February 8, 1774.)

WnEBBAS it often happens that by marriage and other Settle-
ments, Estates are limited in remainder to the Use of the Sons
and Daughters the Issue of such marriage, with Remainder over
v^^ithout limiting an Estate to Trustees to preserve the contin-
gent Remainders limited to such Sons and Daughters, by v^hioh
means such Sons and Daughters, if they happen to be bom after
the Decease of their Father, are in Danger to be defeated of their
Remainder, by the next in Remainder after them, and left un-
provided for by such Settlements, contrary to the Intent of the
Parties that made those Settlements,

Be it Enacted by his Excellency ilie Governor ihe Council and
the General Assembly^ and it is hereby Enacted by the AutJtority
of the samCy That vi^here any Estate already is, or shall here-
after by any marriage or other Settlement be limited in re-
mainder to, or to the use of the first or other Son or Sons of the
Body of any Person lawfully begotten, with any Remainder or



Digitized by VjOOQIC



LAWS OF THE COLONY OF NEW YORK. 605

Bemainders over to, or f o the use of any other Person or Per-
sons; or in Remainder to, or to the use of a Daughter or
Daughters lawfully begotten with any Remainder or Remainders
to any other Person or Persons, that any Son or Sons, or Daugh-
ter or Daughters of such Person or Persons lawfully begotten
or to be begotten, that shall be born after the Decease of his,
her, or their Father, shall and may by virtue of such Settlement,
take such Estate so limited to the first and other Sons, or to
the Daughter or Daughters in the same Manner as if born in
the Lifetime of his, her or their Father, although there shall
happen no Estate to be limited to trustees after the Decease of
the Father, to preserve the contingent Remainder to such after-
born Son or Sons, Daughter or Daughters, until he she or they
come in esse^ or are born, to take the same, any Law or usage to
the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

Provided altcaySj That nothing in this Act shall extend, or be
construed to extend to devest any Estate in Remainder, that by
virtue of any Marriage or other Settlement is already come to
the Possession of any Person or Persons, or to whom any Right
is accrued though not in actual Possession by Reason or Means
of any afterborn Son or Sons or Daughter or Daughters not hap-
pening to be bom in the Lifetime of his^ her or their Father.

[CHAPTER 1641.]
[See chapter 1508.]

An Act to appoint Commissioners for col-
lecting the Duty of Excise on strong Liquors
^ retailed in this Colony from the first Day of

February one thousand seven hundred and
seventy-four, to the first Day of February one
thousand seven hundred and seventy-five in-
clusive.

[Passed, February 8, 1774.1

Be it Enacted ly his Excellency the Governor the Council and
flie General Assembly^ and it is hereby enacted by the Authority
of the samcj That the several and respective Persons and OfiQcers
herein after named, shall be and are hereby appointed Commis-
sioners for collecting the Duty of Excise laid by an Act entitled,
"An Act to lay a Duty of Excise on Strong Liquors in this Colony,
and to approprir,te the Money arising therefrom,^ passed the
eighth Day of March in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



C08 . LAWS OP THE COLONY OP NEW. YOKK^

hundred and seventy-three; of and from the several Belailerfi
of Strong Liquors within the several Cities, Counties Towns,
Boroughs, Manors, Precincts and Districts, and the Harbours,
Bays and Rivers thereunto adjoining or belonging in this Colony,
for which they shall be respectively appointed, from the first
Day of February in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven
hundred and seventy-four, to the first Day of February which
will be in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and
seventy-five inclusive. That is to say,

For the City and County of New York Cornelius Clopper
Esquire.

For the City and County of Albany, Peter Lansing, and Gys-
bert O. Marcelis Esquires.

For the County of Ulster Joseph Gashery and James Mc-
Clagrie Esquires.

For the County of Dutchess the Supervisor, and Assessors in
each Precinct respectively for the Time being.

For the County of Orange as follows, for Haverstraw Pre-
cinct, David Pye Esquire; for Orange Town John Perry Esquire;
for Goshen Precinct William Ellison Esquire, and for Cornwall
Precinct Daniel Coleman Esquire.

For Richmond County John Micheau and Christian Jacobson
Esquires.

For Kings County, Theodorus Polhemus Esquire.

For Queens County, Benjamin Townshend and Samuel Clowes
Esquires.

For SuflFolk County, Colonel William Smith, and Samuel Lan-
don and Malby Gelston Esquires. i ¬Ђ

For Tryon County, Jellis Fonda and John Prey Esquires. '

For Cumberland County the Judges of the Inferior Court of
Common Pleas in said county.

For the Manor of Cortlandt and Rykes Patent in the County
of West Chester, Hachaliah Brown Esquire, with three or more
of the Justices of the Peace residing on the said Manor, or on
the said Patent.

For the Borough Town of West Chester, the Mayor thereof
for the Time being.

For the Manor of Philipsbnrgh in the County of West Chester,
William Davids, Isaao Deane, Israel Underhill and Gabriel
Purdy Esquires.

And for the remaining Part of West Chester County Stephen
Ward, and John Thomas Junior Esquires.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



LAWS OF THE COLONY OP NEW YORK, i 601

[CHAPTER 1642.J
An Act to impower the Major Recorder
and Aldermen of the City of New York, or the
major Part of them, to order the raising a sum
not exceeding eighteen hundred Pounds for the
uses therein mentioned.

[Passed, February 8, 1774.]
Whereas the providing a suflBcient number of Watchmen and
lighting of Lamps within the Citj of New York, has not only been
found convenient, but also necessary for the safety of its Inhab-
itants and others,

Be it therefore Enacted by his Excellency the Qovemor, the
Council^ and the General Asseniblyy and it is hereby enacted by



Online LibraryNew York (State)The colonial laws of New York from the year 1664 to the Revolution : including the charters to the Duke of York, the commissions and instructions to colonial governors, the Duke's laws, the laws of the Dongan and Leisler Assemblies, the charters of Albany and New York and the acts of the colonial le → online text (page 60 of 92)