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fcCl^MEALOGY COL-UECtTon



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY



833 01745 1250



GENEALOGY
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SC0871
1897-1898



Digitized by the Internet Archive

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THE



Scottish Antiquary



or



Northern Notes ^ Queries



EDITED BY

J. H. STEVENSON, m.a., f.s.a. scot.,

ADVOCATE




ESTABLISH ED 1886



VOL. XII



EDINBURGH.
GEORGE P. JOHNSTON, 33 George Street

MDCCCXCVm



Edinburgh; T. and A. Constable, Printers to Her Majesty



C O N T E N



No. 45— JULY 1897.



NOTES—

Robert Stewart, Bishop of Caithness, and the date of Lindsay of
Pitscottie's Chronicle, ......

The Poems of David Rate, Confessor of King James the First of Scotland,
Scottish Offices and Officers under the Crown in 174 1,
The First Uniform Tartan, ....

A History of the Family of Seton during Eight Centuries,

Edinburgh Treasurer's Accounts, 1734-1735,

Sixty Years' Retrospect, 1837-1897,

John Graham of Kilbride, .....

Barbary Pirates in Scottish Records,

Old Scots Bank-Notes (contimied),

The Commissariot Register of Shetland {continued),

QUERIES—

■Sir John Cope, ......

Trinity Friars,
Craigbrack Claddich,
The MacKirdy Family,
Family of Andrew or Andrews,
William Fergusson, Straiton,
Houston of Creich, Sutherland,
Steuart of Weyland,
Neil M' Vicar,
Forbes of Ugston. .
Wheyman, etc. ,



I

5

13
20

23
25
29

33
33
34
37



41
41
41
41
42
42
42
43
43
43
43



REPLY—

Trinity Friars, .....

NOTICES OF BOOKS—

History of Scotland, by Hill Burton,

Historical Notes on Peeblesshire Localities, by Renwick,

Blackwood's County Histories — Moray and Nairn,

Eminent Arbroathians,

Fletcher of .Saltoun,

The Blackwood Group,

Genealogical Magazine,

L'Archa^ologia,

The Church of Keith,



43



43
44
44
46
46
47
47
48
48



IV



The Scottish Antiquary ;



No. 46— OCTOBER 1S97.



NOTES-



Macbeth and the Moving Wood, ....

A Jacobite Pasquil, .....

The First Uniform Tartan, ....

William Erskine, Archbishop of Glasgow, 1585-87,

Ane Sidan Chire, or Horse Litter,

John Graham of Kilbride, ....

Old Scots Bank-Notes {co7itimied).

The Quare of Jelusy, .....

Scottish Dialects, ......

Old Age Pensions and Insurances under the Feudal System,
A New Scottish Association in the North of London,
The Commissariot Register of Shetland {continued),



PAGE

49
56
59
62

63
66
68
73
87
87



TRANSACTIONS OF SOCIETIES—

The Edinburgh Bibliographical Society,



90



QUERIES—










Ogilvie of Auchiries, ....... 91


Dalgleish of Tinnygask, in the county of Fife,








91


Alec Burnett, died 1787, .








91


St. Martin of Bullion's Day,








92


Dumbarton Protocol Books,








92


Absalon, Anselan,








92


Denote (Donata?),








93


Family of MacAuselan,








93


Pelder, .....








94


The First Steamboats on the Forth,








94


REPLY-


The Rebels of 1 71 5,








94



NOTICES OF BOOKS—

Prehistoric Problems (Munro), ....

Old Stirling (Small), .....

The Hi.stor>' of Scotland f Mill Burton),

Handbook to St. Andrews and Neighlxjurhood (May Fleming),

Diary of a Tour through Great Britain (MacRitchie),

Sir Walter Scott (Saintsburj-), ....

Guide to Grantown and District (W. Cramond), .



94
95
95
95
96
96
96



or, Norther7i Notes and Queries.



V



No. 47— JANUARY 1898.



NOTES—



Union Tracts, ......




97


Lost or Missing Records relating to Scotland, formerly in the


English


Treasury of Exchequer, ....




108


After Flodden, ......




115


William Erskine, Archbishop of Glasgow,




123


Old Scots Bank-Notes {continued),




123


A Highland Tour in 1S14.




126


The Members of the Edinburgh Merchants Company — 16S7,




126


Letter to the Editor — ^John Graham of Kilbride, .




129


The Commissariot Register of Shetland (con tinned),




132


QUERIES—






Tustimas in Caithness, .....




135


St. Alexander, ......




135


Smith of Forret, County of Fife, ....




13s


Ross, Abbot of Feme, .....




136


Robert Campbell of Rachane, ....




136


John Graham of Killearn, 1716, ....




136


Elizabeth Stirling, ......




136


MacGregor of Glengyle, .....




136


Johnstons of Wamphray, .....




137


John Johnston, Vicar of ? ....




137


James Gifford, ......




137


REPLIES—






Pelder,




137


St. Martin of Bullion's Day, ....




138


Ogilvie of Auchiries, .....




138


Dalgleish of Tinnygask, .....




138


Alec Burnett, ......




139



NOTICES OF BOOKS—

The Arms of the Royal and Parliamentary Burghs of Scotland, .

Aisle and Monastery : St. Mary of Geddes Aisle in the Parish Church of
Peebles : and the Church and Monastery of the Holy Cross of
Peebles, .......

The Art Student, .......

Palestine Exploration Fund — Quarterly Statement,

The County Histories of Scotland — Inverness,

Mary Queen of Scots : From her Birth to her Flight into England.

Abstracts of Protocols of the Town Clerks of Glasgow,

The old Ludgings of Stirling, .....



139



141

141
142
142

143
144

145



VI



Th>: Siotttsh Antiquary.



No. 48— APRIL i!



NOTES—

Raising Dragon, ........ 147

Baron Munchausen's Mineralogical Discoveries in Scotland, . . 152

The Moving Wood : A Postscript, ..... 156

The Insignia of the Baronets, ...... 158

A Municipal Relic of old Stirling, ..... 164

Note on a Letter of the Earl of Mar, 1715, . . 166

A Book-Plate {Ex Libris) stamped on a Title-page, . . . 167

Brothers with the same Christian Name, ..... 168

Blaw or Blow Family, ....... 169

The MaccuUochs of GlastuUich, ...... 170

William Erskine, Archbishop of Glasgow, .... 174'

A Forgotten Episode in the History of .fi/flcZzfo^if 5 yJ/i2^«c/»if, . . 175

The Records of an Anti-Burgher Congregation, .... 176

Irish Te.xts Society, ....... 177

The late Sir William Eraser, K.C.B., LL.D., . .. .177

QUERIES—

St. Spalding, ........ 178

Gray Family, . . . . .179

Hon. John Johnstone, ....... 179

Duncan Campbell, ........ 180

John Graham of Kilbride, ....... 180

Rolland, ......... 180

REPLIES—

St. Tustimas, ....... 181

Dumbarton Protocol Books, ...... 181

Donote, . . . . . . . 181

John Graham of Killearn, 1716, ...... 181

Houston of Creich, ....... 181

John Graham of Kilbride, ....... 181

MacGregor of Glengyle, . . . . ^ . . . 182

NOTICES OF BOOKS—

Early Fortifications of Scotland (David Christison), . . . 182

The History of Scotland (Hill Burton), ..... 184

The Highlands of Scotland in 1750, ..... 184

Tituli Hunteriani, ........ 186

Extracts from the Records of the Kirk-Session of Elgin (W. Cramond), . 1S7

INDEX TO VOL. XII., ....... 189



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS



Bank Notes —

George Keller i\; Company —

Ten shillings sterling for value received in goods, 1764,

British Linen —

Five shillings sterling, 1797,

Royal Bank of Scotland —

Five shillings sterling, 1797,

George Keller & Company —

Twenty shillings sterling, 1764.

Blacklaws, Wedderspoon & Company —
Five shillings sterling, 1764,

Daniel M 'Galium —

Three pence sterling, 1765, ....

Mason Barrowman Company —

One shilling Scots, 1764. . . .

Douglas, Heron & Company (Ayr Bank).

Royal Company of Archers' Uniform Tartan,

Sedan Chair, after Kay, .....

,, Professor Hamilton's ....

Forester's Ludging (StirHng), ....

King Harold's Dragon Ensign at Hastings — Bayeux Tapestry,

Baronet's Ribbons and Badges, belonging to Sir WiUiam Listen
Bart., .......

Cragingelt Weight, ......



Foulis



34
36
69
70

71
72

72

125
60, 61

63
64

145
149

161
165



Annual Subscription, 4s., payable in advance. Postage 6d. extra
Subscribers' Names to be sent to the Publisher, ;^^ George Street,
Edinburgh, from whom back numbers may also be got.



CONTENTS

PAGE

NOTES—

Robert Stewart, Bishop of Caithness, and the date of Lindsay of

Pitscottie's Chronicle, ...... i

The Poems of David Rate, Confessor of King James the First of Scotland, 5

Scottish Offices and Officers under the Crown in 1741,

The First Uniform Tartan,

A History of the Family of Seton during Eight C

Edinburgh Treasurer's Accounts, 1734-1735, .... 25

Sixty Years' Retrospect, 1837-1S97, ..... 29

John Graham of Kilbride, .

Barbaiy Pirates in Scottish Records,

Old Scots Bank-Notes [coniinited], ..... 34

The Commissariot Register of Shetland {continued), ... 37

QUERIES—

Sir John Cope, ........ 41

Trinity Friars, . . . . . . .41

Craigbrack Claddich, . . . . . . .41

The MacKirdy Family, . . . . . . .41

Family of Andrew or Andrews, ...... 42

William Fergusson, Straiton, ...... 42

Houston of Creich, Sutherland, ...... 42

Steuart of Weyland, ....... 43

Neil M'Vicar, ... ..... 43

Forbes of Ugston, ........ 43

Wheyman, etc., ........ 43

REPLY—

Trinity Friars, ........ 43

NOTICES OF BOOKS—

History of Scotland, by Hill Burton, ..... 43

Historical Notes on Peeblesshire Localities, by Renwick, ... 44

Blackwood's County Histories — Moray and Nairn, ... 44

Eminent Arbroathians, ....... 46

Fletcher of Saltoun, . ... . . .46

The Blackwood Group, ....... 47

Genealogical Magazine, ....... 47

L'Archjeologia, ........ 48

The Church of Keith, ....... 48

BOOKS, THE NOTICES OF WHICH ARE UNAVOIDABLY HELD
OVER—

Diary of a Tour, 1795, ....*.. 48

Prehistoric Problems, ....... 48

Guide to Grantown, ....... 48



BINDING

The Publisher has arranged to bind the Volumes of TJic
Scottish Antiqiia)-}' uniformly^ in a strong, durable, and tasteful
binding of best English morocco and cloth sides, with gilt tops, at
4s. 6d. per Volume. Two volumes may be bound in one.

33 George Street, Edinburgh.



LOUDON SHEARER

Antique Sirt Scaler

496 SAUCHIEHALL STREET

GLASGOW.

RARE EXA:\IPLES OF

EARLY POTTERY

IN CROWN DERBY, DAVENPORT, ROCKINGHAM,
MASON, ETC.

ANTIQUE FURNITURE

ARM s i: T @ ill E) s

YOUR VISIT WILL BE ESTEEMED.

BOOKS PUBLISHED BY

GEORGE P. JOHNSTON,

XX GEORGE STREET, EDINBURGH.



PEEL : ITS MEANING AND DERIVATION : an Inquiry into the Early History
of the term now apphed to many Border Towers. By George Neilson, F.S.A.
Scot. On handmade paper. Only 120 copies printed. Fcap. 4to, cloth, gilt top,
4s. nett.

REPENTANCE TOWER AND ITS TRADITION. By George Neilson,
F.S.A. Scot. With 3 Illustrations. 200 copies printed, only 150 for sale. Fcap.
4to, cloth, gilt top, 2s. 6d. nett.

CAUDATUS ANGLICUS. A MEDI.EVAL SLANDER. By George Neilson,
F.S.A. Only 100 copies printed. Fcap. 4to, cloth, gilt top, 3s. nett.

ERSKINE-HALCRO GENEALOGY. The Ancestors and Descendants of Henry
Erskine, Minister of Chirnside, his wife, Margaret Halcro of Orkney, and their
sons, Ebenezer and Ralph Erskine, by E. Erskine Scott. New edition, enlarged.
250 copies printed, only 210 for sale. Fcap. 4to, cloth, gilt top, 6s. nett.

The work includes Five Genealogical Tables, with full explanatory Notes : —
I. Erskine of Balgownie and Erskine of IV. Erskine of Dun, Forfarshire.

Sheilfield. V. Descendants of Henry Erskine and

II. Halcro of Halcro in Orkney. Margaret Halcro, to the present

III. Stewart of Barscube, Renfrewshire. time.

KNOX GENEALOGY. Descendants of William Knox, and of John Knox, the
Reformer. By a Lineal Descendant [William Crawford]. 150 copies printed,
only 120 for sale. Fcap. 4to, cloth, gilt top, 5s. nett.



The Scottish Antiquary



OR



Northern Notes and Queries



VOL. XII. JULY 1897. No. 45.



ROBERT STEWART, BISHOP OF CAITHNESS, AND THE
DATE OF LINDSAY OF PITSCOTTIE'S CHRONICLE.

Robert Stewart, Bishop of Caithness, to whom the dedicatory verses
prefixed to several mss. of the Chronicle of Scotland by Robert Lindsay
of Pitscottie, a name so well known to students of Scottish history and of
the Scottish prose dialect, were addressed, was a man of minor import-
ance in himself, but of considerable consequence as a representative of
the curious career led by some Scottish nobles in the transitional and
revolutionary period called the Reformation. Lord Lindsay in his Lives
of the Lindsays has expressed doubt whether the verses were really written
or sent by Pitscottie. They are poor poetry of which no one could be
proud, but there is no reason to suppose Pitscottie was a poet. Picturesque
prose was his forte as a writer. His age was not one which produced
original poetry, and the verses are only an indifferent specimen of the
kind then in vogue, and which almost any one who used the pen could
write. When examined in the light of the Bishop's life, and in relation
to his position and connections, it will be seen that Pitscottie has good
claim to be, as he claims to be, their author. They help us to understand
the origin and purpose of his History, which was like so many of the works
of this period, a pamphlet in the war of the Reformation. They also
enable us to fix approximately the date of its composition, which has
been hitherto an unsolved problem.

Robert Stewart, Bishop of Caithness, must not be confounded, as he
is by a slip in the index of Laing's edition of the Works of John Knox
and by Gordon in his Monasticon (i. p. 88), with Lord Robert Stewart,
the bastard of James v., who became Abbot of Holyrood and Bishop of
Orkney. He was the second son of the third Earl of Lennox, and younger

VOI,. XII. NO. XLV. A



2 The ScottisJi Aiitiquaiy ;

brother of Matihew, fourth Earl, the father of Darnley, and Regent of
Scotland. His mother was Lady Anne Stewart, daughter of John, Earl
of Athole, brother-uterine of James ii. He was born in 1523. While
yet a youth he became Provost of Dumbarton College, and in 1541 or

1542 was granted the 'administration of the Cathedral of Caithness' and
designated to the Bishopric by Paul in., ' having nothing of the sacred
character except the tonsure,' to use the singular but probably very
appropriate expression of the letter by the Regent Arran to that Pope in
December 1544. The object of this letter was to induce the Pope to
deprive him of these offices and their emoluments in consequence of
his having taken part with his brother the Earl in the rebellion against
Arran. After its failure he fled with Lennox to England. On 17th May

1543 he had signed a contract between the Earl of Glencairn, Lennox,
and Henry viii. at Carlisle by which the two Earls promised to aid Henry
against Scotland, and Henry in return engaged to give his niece, the
Lady Z^Iargaret Douglas, in marriage to Lennox and to make him Gover-
nor of Scotland. The Bishop-Elect of Caithness was to remain as a
hostage in England while his brother made an expedition against Scot-
land. ^

Hertford's raid on the east coast in 1544, and one by Lennox on the
west in the following year, resulted in nothing but pillage, and on ist
October 1545 the Bishop of Caithness was impeached for treason before
the Parliament which met in Edinburgh on 2nd September of that year.
Cardinal Beaton protested that as a Bishop-Elect he was subject to his
jurisdiction as his Ordinary and not to that of Parliament. The summons
for treason was deserted at the adjourned Parliament of Linlithgow on
ist October 1545." Lennox, who had also been impeached, was forfeited
on 9th October 1545.

To such a height had the privilege of clergy risen at the eve of the
Reformation that the treason of a clerk, who had nothing of the clerical
character but the tonsure, could only be tried in the Ecclesiastical Court to
the exclusion of Parliament.

The Bishop of Caithness appears to have lived several years chiefly
in England, but not without making occasional visits to Scotland. While
on one of these visits we find him in contact with a curious character
well known to those who have wandered in the by-paths of Scottish'
history, John Elder. Elder was the author of the letter written in 1542
to Henry viii. advocating union with England, in which the often-
quoted description of the Highlanders as 'rough-footed Scots' occurs.^
In 1555 he published in London a letter sent into Scotland and addressed
to 'The ryghte reverende and his very especial good lord Robert Stuarde,
Bishop of Catheness and provost of Dumbritane Colledge in Scotlande,
John Elder, his humble oratour, wisheth health and prosperous felicitie.'
The letter bears to be written for New Year's Day 1555, and its most
interesting part contains an account of the arrival and marriage of Philip
of Spain to Queen Mary, and the legation of Cardinal Pole. The writer
appears in complete sympathy with Cardinal Pole and the restoration of
the Roman Catholic Church, and confesses his repentance for his lapse
from it during the last twenty years, though curiously enough he absolves
himself from 'association with hereticks,' while he accuses himself of

' Keith, History, '\. p. 87. 2 j^.^^ Pari. ii. pp. 452, 454-456.

^ Printed Appendix to Camden Society, Chronicle of Queen Mary (\!o\. for 1855).



or, Northern Notes and Queries. 3

'voluptuous living.' A\'hether he thought the Bishop shared his senti-
ments is not made quite clear, but he would hardly have written to him
in such terms otherwise. He encloses certain verses and adages written
by Darnley, the Bishop's nephew, at Temple Newsome, then only a boy
of nine, and praises his ' towerdness in the Latin tongue and the French
and in sundrye other virtuous qualities whom also God and Nature hath
endowed with a good wit, gentilness, beautie, and favour.' The parents
of Darnley he calls his ' singular good patrons,' and the Bishop had
evidently befriended him, though how or why this New Year letter, as he
styles it, got into print is not clear. It was a fortunate accident, for it
contains the only full account of King Philip's marriage to Mary Tudor,
and the earliest description of the young Darnley.

In 1563 the Bishop finally returned to Scotland, where he became a
supporter of the Reformers, though the date wnen he turned Protestant
does not seem certain. When the death of the Regent Moray in 1570
opened that office to Lennox, his brother shared the spoils, and became
Commendator of the Priory of St. Andrews, still continuing, however, to
hold the designation of Bishop of Caithness and to draw the revenues
without discharging any of the duties of the See. Almost the solitary
Episcopal act with which he is credited was that in 157 1 he joined with
John Spottiswoode, the Superintendent of Lothian, and David Lindsay,
Minister of Leith, afterwards Tulchan Bishop of Ross, in the consecration
of John Douglas, Morton's Tulchan Archbishop of St. Andrews.

The death of his brother the Regent and of his nephew Charles, Earl
of Lennox, without issue in 1576 made the bishop next lawful heir, after
the young king himself, to the title of Lennox, which was recognised by
a charter of confirmation in his favour, dated i6th June, 1578, and ratified
in Parliament by the Acts 1579, c. 39 and 40. But James vi., by an act,
which shows the arbitrary power of the Scottish king in dealing with titles,
revoked the infeftment in favour of the Bishop and bestowed the title and
estates on his then favourite James Stewart, Lord of Aubigny. Some
sort of compromise had been arranged with the Bishop, who received in
exchange the title of Earl of March, and James availed himself of the right
of revocation on attaining his fourteenth year by revoking the grant of the
Lennox Earldom to the Bishop of Caithness. An attempt seems to have
been made about the same time to get the Bishop to surrender the Com-
mendatorship of the Priory of St. Andrews in favour of another royal
favourite, Captain James Stewart, afterwards Earl of Arran, and a Pro-
curatory of Resignation in James Stewart's favour was executed, but the
Bishop revoked it on 9th June 1580.^

It was not wonderful, for this was the very time when the scandalous
process of nullity of marriage was in progress at the instance of the
Bishop's wife in order that slie might marry Arran. This lady, Elizabeth
Stewart, a daughter of John, fourth Duke of Athole, is described by Spottis-
woode as 'a woman intolerable in all the imperfections incident to that
sex.' When very young she had been married to Hugh, seventh Lord
Lovat, and after his death, 1st January 1576, she became the wife of the
Bishop of Caithness on 5th January 1578-9. They separated in
November 1579, and she raised her action of nullity before the Com-
missaries on 22nd March 1580, in which, after very singular pleadings,

^ Reg. Priv. Council, iii. p. 293 ; and see Piofessor Masson's preface to this volume,
p. XXX., as to the whole history of the proceedings relative to the Lennox Earldom.



4 The ScottisJi Antiquary ;

narrateil by Riddel,^ slie obtained final decree on 19th May 1581. On
6th July following she married Arran, with whom she had been carrying
on a criminal intrigue.

It has been said that the Bishop of Caithness lived a retired life at
St. Andrews, which seems to have been his chief residence in Scotland
after his return. He probably lived in the Prior's house. But in fact he
took, a considerable though not a leading part in public business. In
1578 he was a commissioner for visiting the Universities of Glasgow and
St. Andrews, and he signed the visitors' report in 1579. He attended
Parliament and the Privy Council, acted as Auditor of Accounts, and was
more than once on the Committee of the Articles. He is one of the
somewhat numerous body of persons who are mentioned as having seen
John Knox on his deathbed, and he acted as one of the curators of
Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of the Regent Moray. One of his last acts
was signing in 1585 a league with England against the Catholic powers,
and entitled ' Band anent the Trew Religioun or Act of Estates for a
League offensive and defensive with England,'- which had been negoti-
ated through the skilful diplomacy of Sir Henry Wotton.

On 2nd July 15S3, when James vi. visited Falkland, it is mentioned
that he supped with his great-uncle. The Bishop died at St. Andrews
in 1586 at the age of sixty-three, and was buried in the Chapel of
St. Leonard's, the college which took the side of the reformers. In its
roofless aisle a tablet to his memory may yet be seen with the lines on
the architrave

' In porta Fluctusque omnes classemque relinquo,
Me spectans mundumque omnem fascesque relinque. '

As the Bishop is described in the lines prefixed to Pitscottie as Bishop
of Caithness and Commendator of the Priory of St. Andrews, and neither
as Earl of Lennox nor Earl of March, it appears certain that they must
have been written before he attained either of these dignities. Although
his nephew Charles, Earl of Lennox, died in 1576, his nearest heir was
King James himself, and the Bishop of Caithness did not hold the title
till it was conferred upon him by the Charter of 16th June 1578. John,
the fourth Duke of Athole, who is referred to in the verses, and who was
father-in-law of the Bishop by the marriage of his daughter to him on 5th
January 1578-9, died on 24th April 1579 at Stirling, and as the verses
request the MS. of Pitscottie to be sent on to Athole after the Bishop had
perused it, they cannot have been written after his death.

We may therefore conclude that both the verses and the accompanying
MS. of Pitscottie, which brings the History of Scotland from the death of
James i. down to the year 1575, as having been written, or at least
completed, between 1575 and i6th June 1578, the date of the Charter of
the Earldom of Lennox in favour of the Bishop of Caithness. The latter
date very nearly corresponds with the period of his closest intimacy with
Athole, who became his father-in-law on 5th January 1578-9.

M. M.

^ Riddel, Peerage Law, i. pp. 532 et seq.

- Stc Register of Privy Council, iii. p. 760, f.nd Acts of Pdrliamcr.t, iii. 81I , and
iv. 24a; Calderwood, History, iv. 373.



or, Northern Notes and (Jneries. 5

THE POEMS OF DAVID RATE, CONFESSOR OF KING
JAMES THE FIRST OF SCOTLAND.

^^'ITH the exception of the Register of the Great Seal, Scottish records
do not appear to contribute anything towards a biography of David Rate.
What is more remarkable, however, is the omission of all mention of him
in Scriptorcs Ordhiis P7-aedicatorum by Quetif and Echard, the historians
of the Order. To them his very name appears to have been unknown.
'J'he fact of the silence of that work regarding the Confessor of King James
the First of Scotland was first communicated to me by the Very Reverend
John Placid Conway of Hawkesyard Priory, Rugeley, to whom also I am



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