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What Each Nation Has at Stake

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Author of "German Atrocities," etc.


New York Chicago
Fleming H. Revell Company
London and Edinburgh

Copyright, 1918, by
Fleming H. Revell Company

_Uniform with this Volume_

German Atrocities
Illus., Cloth, $1.00 net

_A Million and a Half
Extracts from this book
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1. The Kaiser's Hatred of the United
2. The Kaiser's Character Revealed
in His Choosing the Sultan for His
3. Pershing's Charges versus the
4. Who Taught the Kaiser That a
Treaty Is a Scrap of Paper?
5. The Plot of the Kaiser.

1. The Original Plot of the Members
of the Potsdam Gang.
2. The Berlin Schemers and Their
3. German Superiority a Myth That
Has Exploded.
4. German Intrigues.
5. German Burglars Loaded with Loot
Are the More Easily Captured.
6. Germans Who Hide Behind the
7. Must German Men Be Exterminated?

1. German Barbarism Not Barbarism
to the German.
2. The German "Science of Lying."
3. The Malignity of the German Spies.
4. The Cancer in the Body-Politic of
5. Polygamy and the Collapse of the
Family in Germany.
6. The Red-Hot Swords in Sister
Julie's Eyes.
7. The Hidden Dynamite: The
Hun's Destruction of Cathedrals.
8. The German Sniper Who Hid Behind
the Crucifix.
9. The Ruined Studio.
10. Was This Murder Justified?

1. The Glory of the French Soldier's
2. Why the Hun Cannot Defeat the
3. "I Am Only His Wife."
4. A Soldier's Funeral in Paris.
5. The Old Book-Lover of Louvain.
6. A Vision of Judgment in Martyred
7. The Return of the Refugees.
8. An American Knight in France.
9. An American Soldier's Grave in
10. "These Flowers, Sir, I Will Lay
Them Upon My Son's Grave."
11. The Courage of Clemenceau.

1. "Gott Strafe England" - "And
2. "England Must Not Starve."
3. German-Americans Who Vilify
4. British vs. American Girls in
Munition Factories.
5. The Wolves' Den on Vimy Ridge.
6. "Why Did You Leave Us in
Hell for Two Years?"
7. "This War Will End Within
Forty Years."
8. "Why Are We Outmanned By
the Germans?"

1. The Redemption of a Slacker.
2. Slackers versus Heroes.
3. German Stupidity in Avoiding the
4. "I'm Working Now for Uncle
5. The German Farmer's Debt to the
United States.
6. "Sharper Than a Serpent's Tooth"
Is an Ungrateful Immigrant.
7. In Praise of Our Secret Service.

Publisher's Explanatory Note

These brief articles are sparks struck as it were from the anvil of
events. They were written on trains, in hotels, in the intervals between
public addresses. During the past year beginning October 1, 1917, Dr.
Hillis, in addition to his work in Plymouth Church, and as President of
The Plymouth Institute, has visited no less than one hundred and
sixty-two cities, and made some four hundred addresses on "The National
Crisis," "How Germany Lost Her Soul," "The Philosophy of the German
Atrocities," and "The Pan-German Empire Plot," the substance of these
lectures and addresses being given in the book, "German Atrocities,"
heretofore published. These articles are illustrative of and
supplementary to the principles stated in that volume.

While consenting to publication, the author was not afforded opportunity
for full revision of this second volume, being again called over-seas
just as this book was being put into type. This will account for the
form in which the material appears.



1. The Kaiser's Hatred of the United States

It is a proverb that things done in secret soon or late are published
from the housetops.

Certainly everything that was hidden as to the plots of the Potsdam gang
is, little by little, now being revealed.

Nothing illustrates this fact better than that volume published in
Leipsic in 1907, called "Reminiscences of Ten Years in the German
Embassy in Washington, D. C."

When that aged diplomat published the story of his diplomatic career he
doubtless thought that the volume prepared for his children and
grandchildren and friends was forever buried in the German language. It
never even occurred to the Councillor of the Ambassador, von Holleben,
that the book would ever fall into the hands of any American. The very
fact that an American author found the volume in a second-hand
bookstore of Vienna in 1914 and translated the three chapters on the
Kaiser's representatives in the United States and the organization of
the German-American League, must have roused the Foreign Department in
Berlin to the highest point of anger.

Children and diplomats oftentimes unconsciously betray the most
important secrets. No volume ever published could possibly have revealed
matters of greater moment to Germany than this volume of reminiscences
that sets forth the propaganda carried on in the United States by
Ambassador von Holleben and his legal councillor for the furthering of
the Pan-German Empire scheme.

No scholar can doubt the right of this old diplomat to speak. The Kaiser
personally vouched for him by giving him this important duty. The
honours bestowed at the end of his long diplomatic career tell their own
story. Every page breathes sincerity and truthfulness. No one who reads
this volume can doubt that this author gave the exact facts - facts well
known to his German friends - in the recollections of his diplomatic

This diplomat tells us plainly that von Holleben and himself were sent
to the United States specially charged with the task of reuniting
Germans who were naturalized in America with the German Empire.

It was their duty to organize secret German-American societies in every
great city like New York and Brooklyn, Chicago and Milwaukee, Cincinnati
and St. Louis, and to present to these societies a German flag sent from
the hands of the Kaiser himself.

Their work, says the author, was based upon the fact that the Kaiser had
passed a law restoring full citizenship in Germany to those Germans who
had become naturalized citizens of the United States. When, therefore,
these members of the German-American League formally accepted their
restored citizenship their first duty was to the Fatherland and the
Kaiser and their second duty to the United States and its Government.
Indeed, this lawyer and author actually goes so far as to give extracts
from von Holleben's speech before the German-American League in Chicago
when he presented the society with a German flag and swore the members
to the old-time allegiance.

He says that in some way the editor of the Chicago _Tribune_ found out
about this meeting and wrote a very severe editorial, after which, he
adds, that von Holleben and himself had to be more careful.

Concerning the Milwaukee meeting, he refers to a conversation which
revealed his judgment that if ever there was trouble between Germany and
the United States the war would partake of the nature of a civil war.
The author not only gives an account of the conference held at the
Waldorf-Astoria between Ambassador von Holleben, Professors Munsterberg
of Harvard and Schoenfield of Columbia and himself, on the one side, and
Herman Ridder on the other, but he gives the instructions from Berlin
that Herr Ridder could only keep his subsidy from the German Government
for the New Yorker _Staats Zeitung_ by placing his fealty to Germany
first and subordinating his Americanism, and that otherwise Ambassador
von Holleben would found a rival German paper that would have back of it
"unlimited resources, to wit: the total resources of the German Empire."

Here, then, is proof positive that the Kaiser began his efforts to
establish a pro-German movement against the United States for several
years before 1906 and that he methodically kept it up until the war

Through it all he claimed to be our sincere friend; but he was then, as
he is to-day, an implacable and relentless enemy, with a heart laden
with hatred and bitterness.

2. The Kaiser's Character Revealed in His Choosing the Sultan for His

Nothing tests manhood like the choice of a bosom-friend. Criminals
choose bad associates.

Every Black Hand leader goes naturally towards the saloon, the gambling
house and the dens where thieves congregate. Dickens made Fagin surround
himself with pickpockets, burglars and murderers.

History tells us that Christianity has always kept good company. Its
friends have been architects, artists, poets and statesmen. Christianity
repeats itself through its friends in the Gothic Cathedral shaped in the
form of the cross, in the Transfiguration of Raphael, the Duomo of
Giotto, the Paradise Lost of Milton, the In Memoriam of Tennyson, the
Emancipation Proclamation of Lincoln. Christianity has never formed any
close friendships with jails, gallows or slave ships. Men like Gladstone
and Lincoln always kept good company; their friends have been scholars
and heroes; but, in striking contrast, consider the friends selected by
the Kaiser.

To the Kaiser came a critical hour; at that moment he was at the parting
of the ways. It became necessary for him to make a choice of friends.
Like every man, his isolation was impossible and friendship became a

The Kaiser had the whole world from which to choose. Yonder in London
were King Edward and his son, the Prince of Wales. In France were
certain statesmen and scientists like Curie. There was the old hero
living in the capital of Japan and two ex-Presidents known the world
around for their splendid manhood; and he could have made overtures of
friendship to any one of these brave men; but in the silence of the
night the Kaiser passed in review earth's great men, and finally
selected for his close friend the lowest of the low - the butcher,
unspeakable butcher - the Sultan of Turkey.

At that time the Sultan had just completed the butchery of many
Armenians. His garments were red with blood, his hands dripped with
gore. His house was a harem; his hand held a dagger. The sea-wall behind
his palace rose out of the blue waters of the Bosporus.

When an American battle-ship was anchored there and a diver went down he
pulled a rope and was brought up, shivering with terror, and saying that
he found himself surrounded with corpses tied in sacks and held down by
stones at the bottom of the sea.

In that hour the Kaiser exclaimed: "Let the Sultan be my associate! I
will go to Constantinople and sign a treaty with the unspeakable

And so the Kaiser took his train, lived in the Sultan's palace, signed
this treaty, and hired the Sultan's knife and club, just as the Chief
Priest Annas chose Judas to be his representative upon whom he could
load the responsibility for the murder of Jesus.

Never was a friendship more damnable. Reared in a country that believed
in the sanctity of the marriage relation and in monogamy, the Kaiser
lined up with polygamy. The treaty that he made was thoroughgoing. He
sent out word to all Mohammedans, whether they lived in India or Persia,
in Arabia or Turkey, that they must remember that the Kaiser had entered
into a treaty to become their protector and friend. Having become a
Lutheran in Berlin, he became a Mohammedan in Constantinople on the
principle that "When you are in Rome do as the Romans do, and when you
are in hell act like the devil" - a simple principle which the Kaiser
proceeded to obey as soon as he reached Constantinople.

Every one knew that the Kaiser wanted to build a German railroad through
to Bagdad and the Persian Gulf; this would give him an outlet for
surplus goods to be sold in India. Serbia lay straight across the path,
and he had to work out some scheme to attack Serbia. Then he needed the
Sultan's friendship, and the end justified the means - and the end was
the Bagdad Railroad.

But the Turk tired of being the Kaiser's tool; he wanted more land; the
Armenian was in his way; the Turk was lazy, shiftless and a spendthrift.
The Armenian was industrious and hard-working. The Turk's method of
living made him poor. The gifts of the Armenian tended towards wealth.
Once in twenty years the Turk found himself a pauper and found the
Armenian rich; the result was envy and covetousness on the part of the
Sultan and his people. It became necessary to bribe the Turk to stand by
the Kaiser and his Baghdad Railroad. The Kaiser's German officers,
therefore, furnished the bribe.

"Let us go to this Armenian village, or that, and kill the people. We
German officers will take the large houses of the rich merchants and
move into them, and your Turkish soldiers can kill the old men, use the
Armenian girls for the harem, and fling the little children's bodies
into pits dug in the garden behind the house. We will enter the village
in the morning as soldiers; when the night comes, as Germans and Turks,
we will be the only people living in the Armenian village, and we will
move into their stores and take possession of their houses and their

"You cannot hang an entire nation," said Edmund Burke. "You must arrest
the leaders and hang them." Burke was right as to the punishment of
criminals, but he was wrong when it comes to murdering industrious and
honest Armenians. You can murder an entire nation, for the Germans and
the Turks have practically done it. Ambassador Morgenthau has just said
that the Kaiser and the Sultan through their forces have murdered nearly
a million Armenians. But, soon or late, remorse and conscience will take
hold upon these two unspeakable butchers with hands that drip with
blood - the butcher Kaiser, the butcher Sultan, that represent earth's
two murderous twins.

3. Pershing's Charges versus the Kaiser

Nothing measures a man so accurately as the names he gives to his
favourite son. Most significant, therefore, is the fact that the Kaiser
named his second son Eitel, or Attila. Who was this Attila who has
captured the imagination of the Kaiser? He was a Hun who devastated
Italy fifteen hundred years ago. The motto of this black-hearted
murderer Attila the Hun was: "Where my feet fall, let grass not grow for
a hundred years." When the Kaiser read Attila's story he exclaimed:
"That is the man for me!" First, he named his favourite son for Attila
the Hun. Second, in sending his German soldiers out to China, and later
in 1914 to Belgium, he gave them this charge: "You will take no
prisoners; you will show no mercy; you will give no quarter; you will
make yourselves as terrible as the Huns under Attila." Plainly the
Kaiser knew his men. He knew that they were capable of outdoing even
that monster Attila the Hun. So he sent them forth to bayonet babes,
violate old women, murder old men, crucify officers, violate nuns, sink
_Lusitanias_, and turn solemn treaties into scraps of paper.

Now over against the Kaiser's charge, black as hell, and big with death,
witness Pershing's charge, reported loosely by a French boy, with his
imperfect knowledge of English, translated out of the French newspapers
on July 18, 1917. Pershing's brief address comes to this:

"Young soldiers of America, you are here in France to help expel an
invading enemy; but you are also here to lift a shield above the poor
and weak; you will safeguard all property; you will lift a shield above
the aged and oppressed; you will be most courteous to women, gentle and
kind to little children; guard against temptation of every kind; fear
God, fight bravely, defend Liberty, honour your native land. God have
you in His keeping." "Pershing."

The difference between yonder lowest hell in its uttermost abyss and
yonder highest heaven, where standeth the throne of a just God, is not
greater than the chasm that separates that unspeakable butcher, the
Kaiser, from General Pershing and the American soldier boys, who have
never betrayed in France, the noblest ideals of service cherished by the
people of the American Republic.

4. Who Taught the Kaiser That a Treaty Is a Scrap of Paper?

Each month of this war clears away some clouds and reveals Germany as
wholly given over to crime and treachery. At the beginning of the
invasion of Belgium, the Kaiser spoke of his treaty safeguarding the
neutrality of that little land as a "scrap of paper." At the moment no
one seems to have realized whence the Kaiser had that cynical
expression. Now the whole damnable story has been made clear.
Twenty-five years ago the Kaiser, in one of his addresses, used these

"From my childhood I have been under the influence of five
men - Alexander, Julius Cæsar, Theodoric II, Napoleon and Frederick the
Great. These five men dreamed their dream of a world empire; they
failed. I am dreaming my dream of a world empire, but I shall succeed."

Now why did the Kaiser over and over again proclaim his allegiance to
Frederick the Great? How is it that he celebrates his ancestor,
Frederick? This "scrap of paper" incident makes it all quite clear. The
bitter waters gushing out of the Potsdam Palace go back to a bitter
spring named Frederick the Great. The poisoned fruit that ripened in
1914 hangs on a bough whose trunk was planted by Frederick in far-off

Among many musty old German books recently published is a little book by
that same Frederick. The Prussian king was writing certain notes for the
guidance of his sons and successors, among whom is the present Kaiser.
In his page of counsels Frederick talks very plainly about the breaking
of treaties:

"Consider a treaty as a scrap of paper under any one of the following
emergencies: First, when necessity compels it. Second, when you lack
means to continue the war. Third, when you cannot by any other means
combat your ally or enemy."

Then Frederick raises one question: "If the interests of your army or
your people or yourself are at stake or you have to keep your word on
one hand and your pledge word and treaty is on the other hand, which
path will you take? Who can be stupid enough to hesitate in answering
this question? In other words, treaties are to be kept when they promote
your interest, and shamelessly broken when you gain thereby."

The Kaiser, therefore, had from Frederick, his ancestor, this handbook
on lying. In turn, the Kaiser gave this notion of the treaty as a scrap
of paper to his Chancellor, Bethmann-Hollweg, who engraved, as has been
said, "on eternal brass the infamy of Germany": "We are now in a state
of necessity, and necessity knows no law. We were compelled to override
the the just protest of Luxembourg and Belgian Governments. The wrong - I
speak openly - that we are committing we will endeavour to make good as
soon as our military goal has been reached. Anybody who is threatened,
as we are threatened, and who is fighting for his highest possessions,
can have only one thought, how he is to hack his way through."

Guizot mentions "honour and fidelity to the pledged word" as one of the
distinguishing elements of what is called "a civilized State." But this
puts Germany among the barbarous savages. Three indictments and
convictions have blackened the name of Germany throughout all the world.
First, her atrocious and dishonourable methods of warfare; second, the
carrying off into slavery of non-combatants, the Belgians and French,
and third, the breach of the pledged word and the solemn treaties with
other nations.

But at last we know that Frederick the Great, the ancestor of the
Kaiser, was the author of the phrase, "the treaty is a scrap of paper."
What was once in the gristle in the ancestor is now bred in the bone of
the Kaiser and Crown Prince. That phrase, "a scrap of paper," holds the
germ of a thousand wars. It spells the ruin of civilization. Not to
resent it by war, is for the Allies to commit spiritual suicide.

5. The Plot of the Kaiser

All the pamphlets issued secretly to the members of the Pan-German
League invariably used Rome as their illustration. We are not surprised,
therefore, to find that the German leaders called attention to the fact
that it took two wars at intervals of some years to make Rome a world

In like manner, therefore, the Kaiser and his Cabinet told the German
people at home and abroad that the first war, beginning in 1914, would
establish a Middle-Europe Empire extending from Hamburg on the North Sea
to Bagdad on the Persian Gulf.

One of the pamphlets issued many years ago fixed the countries to be
conquered about 1915, and distinctly mentioned Denmark, Holland, Belgium
and North France, Poland and Rumania, Hungary and Austria, Serbia and
Bulgaria, and the wheat granaries of Russia, with Turkey and Armenia.

The number of people to be conquered and included after the first war
was fixed at 250,000,000.

The argument states that it will take but a few years to compact this
Middle-Europe Empire and that naturally Great Britain, Spain and Italy,
to the west, with Norway and Sweden to the north, with Italy and
Switzerland to the south, and of course Greece and Egypt would, from
time to time, as crises came, fall inevitably into Germany's hand.
Berlin, as the world capital, should by 1920 be the magnet, and the
little particles of iron, named the Balkan States, would be drawn and
held by this great German magnet in Berlin.

The first step to be taken and the first goal to be reached concerned,
of course, the English Channel, the Dutch cities on the mouth of the
Rhine, and the iron mines of Northern France. We know to an absolute
certainty all the details of this plan.

For more than thirty years Germany had been organizing her army; she
knew every road, inn, bridge, factory, shop, and wholesale store in
Denmark and Holland, Belgium and France. In all of the larger ones she
had German agents belonging to the Pan-German League toiling as workmen
and every detail was planned out in advance.

In 1910 General von Bissing, one of the Kaiser's closest friends, was

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