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Celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the incorporation of the town of Newton, Massachusetts, December 27, 1888 (Volume 1) online

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Celebration of the Two Hundredth
Anniversary of the Incorporation of the
Town of Newton, Massachusetts, December
27, 1888.

Published by order of the City Council.


of <

Boston, Printed by
&forjJ 3L 2&antf, eighteen
hundred and ninety-one



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(11030) Mayor's Office, City Hall,

West Newton, Mass., Oct. 12, 1888.
To the City Council:

Gentlemen, — Newton was incorporated as a town in the year 1688.
This being the two hundredth anniversary of that important event, I
recommend that a committee be appointed to make arrangements for
an appropriate celebration, and that a reasonable appropriation be made
to defray necessary expenses therefor.

J. Wesley Kimball, Mayor.



In the Board of Mayor and Aldermen, Nov. 12, 1888.

Ordered, That a Committee, to consist of His Honor the Mayor, three
Aldermen, and such members as the Common Council may join, be and
is hereby appointed to arrange for the celebration of the two hundredth
anniversary of the incorporation of Newton as a town, and that the sum
of $250, to be charged to Miscellaneous Expenses, be and is hereby
appropriated to meet the expenses of such celebration, to be expended
by the Committee herein appointed.

Adopted. Aldermen George Pettee, Edwin O. Childs, and John
Ward appointed, on the part of the Board of Aldermen.

Isaac F. Kingsbury, Clerk.

Adopted in concurrence by the Common Council. Councilmen Pres-
ident Heman M. Burr, Frank J. Hale, Ephraim S. Hamblen, and Law-
rence Bond appointed.

John C. Brimblecom, Clerk.

Approved Nov. 14, 18S8.

J. Wesley Kimball, Mayor.



In the Board of Mayor and Aldermen, Dec. 31, 18SS.

Ordered, That the City Clerk be and is hereby requested to prepare a
memorial volume of the celebration, Dec. 27, 1888, of the two hundredth
anniversary of the incorporation of the town of Newton, and that five
hundred copies of the same be printed for the use of the City Council
and for distribution as follows, — one copy each to the Smithsonian Insti-

tute, Washington, D.C., the State Library, the Newton Free Library,
and the clerk of the towns of Brookline, Watertown, Weston, Wellesley,
and Needham, and the clerk of each city of the Commonwealth, — the cost
of same not to exceed $150, to be charged to the appropriation for Mis-
cellaneous Expenses.
Adopted. Isaac F. Kingsbury, Clerk.

Adopted in concurrence by the Common Council.

John C. Brimblecom, Clerk.

Approved Jan. 7, 1889.

J. Wesley Kimball, Mayor.



City Hall, West Newton, Mass., Dec. 30, 1889.

To the City Council:

By an order (n 163) approved Jan. 7, 1889, the City Clerk was author-
ized to prepare a memorial volume of the two hundredth anniversary of
the incorporation of the town of Newton, and the sum of $150 was
appropriated for printing five hundred copies of same for use of the
City Council and other distribution. The copy for printing could not be
obtained till late in the year, and it appears that the amount appropriated
is not sufficient to publish the volume in suitable or acceptable form.

A fair estimate of the additional amount needed is $125.
Respectfully submitted,

Isaac F. Kingsbury, City Clerk-



In the Board of Mayor and Aldermen, Dec. 30, 1889.

Ordered, That the sum of $125 be and is hereby appropriated in addi-
tion to the sum of $150 already appropriated for the publication, by the
City Clerk, of the memorial volume of the two hundredth anniversary of
the incorporation of the town of Newton, said amount to be charged
to the appropriation for Miscellaneous Expenses.

Adopted. Isaac F. Kingsbury, Clerk.

Adopted in concurrence by the Common Council.

John C. Brimblecom, Cle7'k.

Approved Dec. 31, 1889.

Heman M. Burr, Mayor.

THE celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the
incorporation of the town of Newton, covering so long
a period, filled to repletion with historical interest and
crowned with abundant prosperity, suggested difficulties as to the
the character the celebration should assume. The season of the
year precluded any out-of-door demonstration; and it was finally
determined to confine the observance to a public meeting in the
City Hall on the afternoon of December 27, to be followed by
a banquet at Woodland Park Hotel.

The Committee, in the performance of the most agreeable duty
assigned them, met with ready response from those invited to take
part in the exercises, and the people gathered with devout grati-
tude to the Giver of all good for the mercies of the past and
present, filled with hope and joyful expectation of blessings yet to
come. Participating in the sentiments of the day, greetings are
hereby recorded to those of the far-off future who shall " dwell in
the land," successors to our homes and firesides, when another
period of two hundred years, with all its wonderful changes, shall
have passed.

At the public meeting in the afternoon, the City Hall at West
Newton was filled with an audience of the citizens of Newton,
together with many invited guests; and the exercises were con-
ducted substantially in accordance with the annexed programme.

The Germania Orchestra, under the lead of Emil Mollenhauer,
and composed of the following members : —

First Violins, E. Mollenhauer, Carl Eichler; Second Violin, Percy C.
Hayden; Viola, Julius Eichler; ''Cello, Alex. Heindl ; Basso, A. Stein;


Flute, Paul Fox; Clarinets, E. Strasser, P. Metzger; Comets, Dr. R.
Shuebruk, Benj. Bowron ; French Horns, E. Lippoldt, E. Schormann.

rendered the following selections : —

1. Overture, " Mignon," Thomas

2. Concert Waltz, " Promotionen," Strauss

3. Romanza, " Awakening of Spring," Ch. Bach

4. " Loin du Bal," String Orchestra, Gillet

5. Grand selection from " Tannhauser," Wagner

Hon. Alexander H. Rice, a native of Newton and ex-Governor
of the Commonwealth, was among those invited to be present ; and
the regret which he expressed in being compelled to decline was
equally shared by those who had been privileged to listen to his

public addresses.

For the Committee,




Introduction, 5

Order of Exercises, 9

Invocation, Rev. Daniel L. Furber, D.D., Pastor Emeritus of

the First Church, 13

Introductory Address. Hon. J. Wesley Kimball, Mayor of the

City of Newton, 15

Address, His Excellency, Oliver Ames, Governor of the Common-
wealth of Massachusetts, 18

Historical Address, Hon. James F. C. Hyde, First Mayor of

the City of Newton, 20

Address, Leverett Saltonstall, Esq., Collector of U. S. Customs at

the Port of Boston, 4 2

Original Poem, Rev. Samuel F. Smith. D.D., 46

Address, John S. Farlow, Esq., 49

Address, Hon. William B. Fowle. Third Mayor of the City of

Newton, S 2

Address, Otis Pettee, Esq., 5§

Address, Julius L. Clarke, Esq., First Clerk of the City of Newton, 63
Benediction, Rev. George W. Shinn, D.D., Rector of Grace

Church, 68

Banquet, Woodland Park Hotel, 69

Y E Two Hundredth Anniversary

Of ye





Thursday, December 27, 1888.


Commencing at Half-past 2 O'clock,
His Honor, the Mayor, presiding.

Music. Germania Band.

Invocation. Rev. Daniel L. Furber, D.D.
Introductory Address. Hon. J. Wesley Kimball, Mayor.

Address. His Excellency the Governor, Oliver Ames.
Address. Hon. James F. C. Hyde.


Address. Leverett Saltonstall.
Poem. Rev. Samuel F. Smith, D.D.


Address. John S. Farlow.

Address. Hon. William B. Fowle.

Address. Hon. John C. Park.


Address. Otis Pettee.

Address. Julius L. Clarke.

Audience will unite in singing America.

My country, 'tis of thee,
Sweet land of liberty, —

Of thee I sing:
Land where my fathers died,
Land of the pilgrims' pride,
From every mountain side

Let freedom ring !

My native country, thee, —
Land of the noble free, —

Thy name I love :
I love thy rocks and rills,
Thy woods and templed hills
My heart with rapture thrills

Like that above.

Our fathers' God ! to thee,
Author of liberty, —

To thee we sing :
Long may our land be bright
With freedom's holy light;
Protect us by thy might,

Great God. our Kinsj !

Benediction. Rev. George W. Shinn, D.D.








Board of A Mermen .


Ward 1. Edwin O. Childs. Ward 5. George Pettee.

Ward 2. N. Henry Chadwick. Ward 6. John Ward.

Ward 3. James H. Nickerson. Ward 7. James W. French.

Ward 4. Frederick Johnson.

Clerk, Isaac F. Kingsbury.

Common Council.
President, HEM AN M. BURR.

Ward 1. Herbert H. Powell.

Albert W. Rice.
Ward 2. John A. Fenno.

Edmund T. Wiswall.
Ward 3. Lawrence Bond.

Henry H. Hunt.
Ward 4. Frederick J. Ranlett.

Everett E. Moody.

Ward 5. E. H. Greenwood.

Frank J. Hale.
Ward 6. Heman M. Burr.

Henry H. Read.
Ward 7. J. Charles Kennedy.

Ephraim S. Hamblen.

Clerk, John C. Brimblecom.


[Dr. Furber on rising for prayer remarked : " It was the custom of our fathers
to stand during public prayer. If it shall seem good to you to do so at the
present time, you will be honoring an ancient and venerable usage." The audi-
ence then arose, and prayer was offered as follows: — ]

O Thou who art from everlasting to everlasting, our God
and our fathers' God, we bow and worship thee. One gen-
eration goeth and another cometh, one century is gone and
another has followed it, but thou art the same and thy good-
ness is the same to thy dependent creatures.

We have consecrated the hours of this day to the memory
of thy distinguishing goodness to us as inhabitants of this
favored city. How greatly hast thou blessed us ! Surely
the lines have fallen to us in pleasant places, and we have a
goodly heritage. As we recount the blessings which fill our
cup and cause it to overflow, blessings of religion and of
education, of temperance and morality, of liberty and law,
and all the institutions of beneficence and charity, we cannot
forget that we have entered into the labors of other men
whose character moulded our institutions, whose principles
drawn from thy holy word are the foundation of the Chris-
tian society which we enjoy, and whose spirit lives in the
air we breathe. We give thanks for their virtues formed
amid hardship and privation, and for the strength of purpose
and faith in thee which carried them triumphantly through
the conflicts of their time ; for the undaunted heroism with
which they encountered and overcame a lurking savage foe,
and for the patience, fortitude, and courage with which they
endured the long struggle for independence. We give
thanks for the patriotism of our own times, in which many
of our neighbors and friends so freely offered themselves for



liberty and union. We give thanks for the men who at dif-
ferent times and in various branches of public service have
lived lives of eminent usefulness, and who have been an
ornament to our history, — for that apostolic missionary who
brought the knowledge of salvation to the wigwams of the
forest, and for all the faithful men who have ever stood in
the pulpits of our town to proclaim the gospel of our Lord
Jesus Christ, or who have gone forth to labor as ministers
or missionaries elsewhere.

And now we ask that whatsoever in the past is praiseworthy
may be equally characteristic of the present and the future ;
that true religion may flourish, that we may have faithful
ministers of the gospel, untrammelled instruction in our
public schools, wise counsel in our city government. May
our people keep in mind the virtues of their fathers, and in
times of prosperity may they be kept from luxury and extrav-
agance. Teach us the blessedness of Christian self-denial in
doing good ; and may the men of the future whose homes
shall adorn these hills and slopes, our children and our chil-
dren's children, to the latest generation, find in their own
blessed experience that happy is that people whose God is
the Lord.

Hear Thou our prayer offered in the name of Him who has
taught us to pray, saying (the audience all joining), Our
Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy
kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in
heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us
our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into
temptation, but deliver us from evil. For thine is the king-
dom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen.


We have convened to-day to celebrate an interesting and
important event in the history of Newton, — the two hun-
dredth anniversary of its incorporation as a town. It is
appropriate that we should assemble to review its history
and to consider its present condition, and from the past and
the present to judge what may be its future. It will be in-
teresting and instructive to trace the history and progress
of the town for the two centuries ; to observe its growth and
development from a sparsely settled town, possessed of only
moderate means, to a populous, substantial, and wealthy
city ; to note the many difficulties in both public and private
affairs that were encountered by our fathers, the hardships
endured, the sacrifices made, and the grand successes ulti-
mately achieved.

The successes were won under adverse and discouraging
circumstances. They were attained by ceaseless industry,
the exercise of sound judgment, undaunted courage, and
fidelity to the unalterable principles of equity and justice.

The fundamental principle of action which guided those
who administered and co-operated in public affairs was to
secure a government that would not only command obe-
dience to law, but would also bestow the greatest good
equally on all ; one that would be worthy of the support of
an intelligent and liberty-loving people.

Conforming to this idea, and appreciating the value of
order and intelligence, the church was founded, so that re-
ligious and moral truths might be disseminated. The public
school was established, that the youth of the land might so


be taught that they could skilfully engage in the various
pursuits of life and understanding^ perform the duties of
citizens, that they might attain to the privileges and respon-
sibilities and be eligible to the honors which may be con-
ferred upon loyal American citizens.

Time has not changed the principle nor lessened the vigi-
lance necessary to insure a permanent and good government
and the peace and prosperity of a free people.

The exercise of constant care, the enactment of wise laws,
and a liberal provision for general education are required
now as then.

Let us pay our tribute of respect and regard to those who
so long ago laid the foundation of our liberties and pros-
perity, who were devoted to the welfare of mankind, and
whose lives were ennobled by heroic deeds.

They have long since passed away : and now in the rest-
ing-places of the dead sleep those who so actively and
grandly performed the important and trying duties of their
time. When we read their names inscribed upon the tab-
lets erected to their memory, let us but speak their praises,
and be thankful for the blessings they have bequeathed
to us.

Nature, I think, has been partial to Newton in beauty and
healthfulness of location. The diversified and charming
scenery, the wooded hills, the picturesque valleys, the salu-
brious air, and the clear and sparkling waters of its lakes and
murmuring brooks give it especial attractiveness to those
who admire the beautiful in nature, and appreciate health
and the strength and enjoyments derived from it.

Newton has now become large and prosperous, and holds
an honorable place among the cities and towns of the Com-
monwealth. A liberal provision is made to supply the best
means for the protection and safety of our people, and care
is taken to suitably provide for their education, comfort, and

The rapid and substantial growth of the city, the increase
in population and in the number of buildings, are evidences



that the policy which has been pursued was wise and bene-
ficial, and that it has been generally approved.

We are surrounded by cities and towns of historic in-
terest, having universities and schools of learning, and a
great variety of enterprises and industries. We are so near
the metropolis of New England, one of the finest cities in
the country, and access to it is so easy and rapid, that those
whose interests attach them there find it equally convenient
and comfortable to have their residences here.

Judging from the past and present, and taking into con-
sideration the natural advantages of location and the enter-
prise, wealth, and culture of our citizens, it may safely be
predicted that the future of Newton is destined to be one of
marked growth and prosperity, and that the many villages
which at present are somewhat separated from each other
will become united, making a compact, beautiful, and great


Ladies and Gentlemen, — To-day you mark in this public
manner the completion of two hundred years of growth as
a separate civic organization. It is a pleasant and profitable
custom to observe these anniversaries, and no enterprising
Massachusetts city or town allows them to pass without
fitting notice. Such commemorations as this are great
teachers, putting in compact form the history of the past for
the better instruction of the future.

Now that this republic has sixty-five millions of people
within its borders, a vast amount of wealth and mighty mate-
rial development, it is difficult for us to estimate rightly the
sacrifices and sufferings of the days when those who dwelt
here formed not even a town, but simply a settlement in the
wilderness, cut off from European civilization by the ocean,
and confronted by boundless forests and waste places.

I shall not attempt to review the history of this city, but
I cannot omit saying something of its past. We know that
it was settled early in the history of this part of our land,
although it did not take a corporate name until nearly three-
quarters of a century had elapsed from the landing of the
Pilgrims. We know that it has ever been ready to meet
any demands made upon it for the common good. In the
days of our beginning as a nation, it did its part in promot-
ing the general cause. In all our subsequent struggles for
existence or for integrity as a nation, it has borne its part.

*The governor was accompanied by the following members of his staff, in uniform : Major-
General Samuel Dalton, Adjutant-General ; Colonel Albert L. Newman, aide-de-camp ; Colonel
Augustus N. Sampson, Assistant Inspector-General ; Colonel Charles Wiel, Assistant Adjutant-


Through the changed conditions that have grown out of
the War of the Rebellion, the extension of the railroad sys-
tem, and the development of our industries, Newton has
grown rapidly, but with a permanent growth. She is one
of the most beautiful, as well as one of the most thriving,
of the cities of the Commonwealth. As she has been in
the past, she is now a community upon which reliance to do
what is right, prudent, and just may be placed. In other
words, she is a typical New England community. I but
voice the sentiment of all her people in saying that Massa-
chusetts is justly proud of the city of Newton.

This ends my official speech. But I will say a few words
more to you, in strict confidence, not to be repeated out of
this hall. I bave discovered that there is a feeling of jeal-
ousy toward Newton all over the Commonwealth. It is not
a malicious jealousy, but rather a jealousy of admiration.
You have made your city so beautiful, you have constructed
such fine roads, you have built such beautiful homes, your
citizens are so highly cultured, that Newton has come to be
regarded as the model municipality of the Commonwealth.

This is the testimony of many of the judges of the
Supreme and Superior Courts. These justices are appointed,
first of all, because they are men of sound judgment, because
they are intelligent, because they are cultured, and because
they know something of law. Often, after their appoint-
ment, as a matter of convenience, they seek new homes.
Of course, they want the best. They investigate for them-
selves, and almost invariably they select Newton as the place
of their new and permanent abode. This has so far become
the rule that every new judge, who feels obliged to leave
his old home, is expected to settle in Newton.

So, when a governor is called upon to name a judge, he
will say to the friends of the candidate: "Do you desire him
to leave your town, your county ? Do you not know that, if
I appoint him, he will surely move to Newton?" My
advice to you is, Go on, and make your city as beautiful and
as attractive as possible. If you continue to develop it, as
you have,— and I have no doubt that you will do so,— I shall
almost feel like coming here to live myself.


It is fair to presume that all present know more or less of
the history of their native or adopted town. In the brief
time allotted me only a few facts can be touched upon, the
suggestion of which may lead some to further study of the
history of Newton. Might it not be profitable for the schol-
ars in our schools to devote some attention to this history,
so that they may become more familiar with the lives and
characters of those who laid the foundations upon which we
are building, and from whose planting we are reaping such
rich fruits?

It is said by the historian that the settlement of Newtown
— Cambridge — began in 1631. Its records commenced
1632; proprietors' records, 1635. Cambridge, or Newtown,
embraced a very large territory, which was subsequently en-
larged by additional grants. In 1635 the General Court
granted to Newtown land embracing the territory of what
has since been Brookline, Brighton, and Newton, though
that portion that is now Brookline was afterwards set off to
Boston, where it remained many years, until it again became

In 1636, six years after the settlement of Boston, the Gen-
eral Court voted ^400 for a school, or college, and the next
year this school or college was located, by order of the same
authority, at Newtown, — Cambridge. In 1638 Rev. John
Harvard added ^800 to the amount appropriated by the
General Court, and his name was given to the college. In
1638 it was ordered that Newtown be called Cambridge, "in
compliment to the place where so many of the civil and
clerical fathers of New England had been educated."


The territory south of Charles River, embracing what was
Brighton and Newton, was first called "the south side of
Charles River," or the "South Side"; sometimes Nonan-
tum, the Indian name. About 1654 it began to be called
« Cambridge Village," and, later, « New Cambridge and by
authority of the General Court, "Newtown, after 1691^ ,
thus taking, after the lapse of years, the name of the old
town of which this territory once formed a rather smaU part.
For the first ten years, only seven families had settled on
this territory; and of these seven two were Jacksons (the
first settler in 1639 was John Jackson), two were Hydes, one
Fuller, a Park, and a Prentice. All these, with one excep-
tion, came direct from England. After these followed Par-
kers Hammonds, Wards, Kenricks, Trowbndges, Bacons,
Stones, and others, whose descendants are represented here

° During the first twenty-five years from the time the first
settler found a home south of the river, in what is now called
Newton, twenty families had come in and located. In 1664
there were twelve young men of the second generation.

From the first settlement to the date of incorporation a

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Online LibraryNewton (Mass.)Celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the incorporation of the town of Newton, Massachusetts, December 27, 1888 (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 5)