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you obey him: You may do what he forbids, when you
think you do what he requires. You may be idolatrous,
when you think you are mighty devout. Why, your Ances-
tors tho't this might be; Why else did they reject the exorbi-
tant Number of Popish Fast and Festivals, &c..? In one Cen-
tury you seem to have forgot your Errand to America. And
what do you think of those Israelites, who sacrificed their
Children, &c..'' Do you think that they could do too much
for God.' Could they do any more than to give the First-
born of their Bodies for the Sin of their Souls.? Who
could blame them, if none can do too much [in the common
Sense].'' If a man were to murder his Father or Mother,
his Wife or Children, or himself, under the Notion of



94 A DISCOURSE AT AMOSKEAG FALLS I739

being extraordinary religious, and should say, who can do
too much for God, would you not think the poor Creature
were delirious? Why, He that loves not his Brother is a
Murderer! Many make a great Talk of Matters of Faith,
or rather of Opinion, and will go prating from Place to
Place,* and take little or no Care of their Families; they
are mighty religious, but if it were possible they would not
pay a Farthing for the Support of the Government, (by
which our Lives are preserved) or of Religion, or for the
Education of their Children. They like Holidays ex-
treamly, and might be glad if every Day were such; but
can, with a good Conscience, lie in Debt from Year to
Year. It's an easy Matter to pray, and read, and hear, and
talk devoutly; but to work is hard, 'tis tedious to the poor
Carcass, a Weariness to the Flesh! It's an easy Matter to
run down your industrious Neighbour as a worldly Man,
but have you paid him that which you owed him.' Is not
he forc'd, in great Part, to support your Family.?

I wish Men would know what Religion is in the
Whole, and not set the several Parts of it at Variance, and
make one Branch militate with another. Let us love God
with all our Hearts, and at the sarne Time remember that
we are to love our Neighbour as ourselves.

Let us meditate on and long after Heaven; but know
at the same Time, that our Way thither is thro' the Earth:
That the Soul is infinitely the superiour Part, but if we



*I wish there were not too much Reason for Com-
plaint in this Regard, at this Day. I have been often
surprized, not only at the prophane Railing against
Lectures, but at the Absurdity and Folly of many,
who had hardly a Morsel of Meat to put into their
Mouths, and their Children near Famishing, and all their
Business ruining, on Account of their violent and
furious rambling here and there on the Notion of some
religious Errand; as if God would call them to a Fraud
and Barbarity, which, the Apostle tells us, is worse
than Infidelity, i Tim. 5. 8.



A DISCOURSE AT AMOSKEAG FALLS 1 739 95

murder the Body, the Soul must eternally be damned.
Let us be frequent at Church, yet not forget that we have
something to do at Home. Let's be serious and steady in
our Devotions, and likewise diligently follow our Business.
In short, Let every Command have its proper Weight with
us, every Duty it's Proportion of our Time and Tho'ts.

Business and Diversion, in the general, may be allowed
as innocent and necessary. But some Enterprizes which
wear that Name may be scrupled. We may therefore
enquire in particular,

IL Whether Fishing is lawful as business or
Diversion.

Not only those called Religious, among the Turks and
Persians, and the Benjans, &c. have scrupled eating of
Flesh or Fish, but some among ourselves, fear whether we
ought to take away the Lives of Creatures for our own
Support; and are positive that we should not for Diversion.
Many have a great Aversion to those whose Trade it is to
take away the Lives of the lower Species of Creatures. A
Butcher is (in their Apprehension) a mere Monster, and a
Fisherman, a filthy Wretch.

It's an ancient Observation, that a merciful Man is
merciful to his Beast. The righteous Man regards the
Life of his Beast, Prov. xii. lo. Where any have long
used any Creature, the Tho't of it's Service, and some sort
of Regard contracted to it thereby, is not easily conquered.
But a noble generous Soul hates Barbarity to foreign as
well as domestick Creatures. "It's not certain [says my
"Lord Beacon] that the worthier any Soul is, the larger is
"it's Compassion. For contracted degenerate Minds
"imagine that those Things belong not to them: But the
"Mind that looks upon itself as a nobler Portion of the
"Universe, is kindly affected towards inferiour Crea-

"tures "

He that takes Pleasure in the Pains and dying Agonies
of any lower Species of Creatures, is either a stupid sordid



96 A DISCOURSE AT AMOSKEAG FALLS I739

Soul, or a Murderer in Heart He that delighteth to

see a Brute die, would soon take as great Pleasure in the
Death of a Man.

But here, in Fishing, we are so far from delighting to
see our Fellow-Creature die, that we hardly think whether

they live We have no more of a murderous Tho't in

taking them than in cutting up a Mess of Herbage. We
are taking something, which God, the Creator and Propri-
etor of all, has given us to use for Food, as freely as the
green Serb. Gen. ix. 2, 3.

He allows the eating them, therefore the mere catch-
ing them is no Barbarity. Besides God seems to have
carv'd out the Globe on purpose for a universal Supply:
In Seas, near Shores, are Banks and Beds made for them;

to furnish the Lands adjacent and Lands which

lye remote, are more divided into Lakes and Ponds, Brooks
and Rivers; and he has implanted in several Sorts of Fish,
a strong Instinct [or Inclination] to swim up these Rivers
a vast Distance from the Sea. And is it not remarkable,
that Rivers most incumbred with Falls, are ever more full
of Fish than others. Why are they directed here.'' Why
retarded by these difficult Passages.^" But to supply the
Inlands.'' Does forming and disposing of these Things
argue nothing.-'

Since the Flood the Earth is more barren, and Vege-
tables afford not a sufificent Support for Mankind So

that if the Lives of all these are of less Consequence, nay,
are freely given by him whose they are, they may be taken
and used as Food: If they may be taken, any may make a
Business of taking them for the Supply of others.

But if this be innocent as Business, some may still
scruple it as Diversion.

And why not all Diversion with as good Reason.'
Tne grave and judicious Mr. Perkins says,* "We are
"allowed to use the Creatures of God, not only for our

*See his Works, Vol. 2. p. 140.



A DISCOURSE AT AMOSKEAG FALLS I739 97

"Necessity, but for meet and convenient Delight. This is
"a confessed Truth. And therefore to them who shall con-
"demn fit and convenient Recreation (as some of the
"ancient Fathers have done, by Name Chrysostom and
^'Ambrose) it may be said, be not too righteous, be not too
"wise, Eccl. vii. i6." But if we consider, that the End of
Business and Diversion are the same, we shall clearly con-
ceive the Truth. The End of both are the Refreshment
and Support of Man in the Service of God. If I may eat
them for Refreshment, I may as well catch them, if this
recreate and refresh me. It's as lawful to delight the Eye,
as the Palate. All Pleasure arises from the Suitableness
and Agreeableness between the perceptive Faculties, and
the Objects that affect them: And our bountiful Maker, as
he has given the animal Life many perceptive Faculties,
the Senses of seeing. Hearing, Tasting, <&c. so he has pro-
vided suitable Objects for all these Faculties, and does
allow us to gratify ourselves therewith.

When the Body has been long wearied with Labour,
or the Mind weakned with Devotion, it's requisite to give
them Ease; then the use of innocent and moderate Pleas-
ures and Recreations is both useful and necessary, to Soul
and Body; it enlivens Nature, recruits our Spirits, and ren-
ders us more able to set about serious Business and
Employment. For to intermix no Gratifications, nor
Diversions with our more serious Affairs, makes the Mind
unactive, dull and useless.*

t'Tt proceeds either from I*ride, ill Nature or Hypo-
"crisy, when People censure and are offended at the Liber-

*Cito rumpes arcum si tensum habueris.
At si laxaris, cum voles, eris utilis.
Sic lusus Animo debet aliquondo dari.
Ad cogitandum melior, ut redeat tibi.

Study and ease

Together mixt; Sweet Recreation,
And Innocence, which most does please,
with Meditation.



98 A DISCOURSE AT AMOSKEAG FALLS I739

"ties which others use in thus relaxing their Minds. Sloth
and Idleness, we have already inveigh'd against, and con-
demn'd; but those who give seasonable Hours for their
Devotions and know how to dispatch the proper Business
of Life well and seasonably enough, and still aim chiefly at
the Glory of God, need be under no Apprehensions of the
divine Wrath and Displeasure on the Score of their Diver-
sions. For this is good and comely, Eccl. v. i8. And
indeed, the Comforts and Enjoyments of this Life, which
we receive from the bountiful Hand of God, is a great

Subject of our Praise and Thanksgiving to God, that

the Lines are fallen to us in pleasant Places, . . ,our Heads
anointed^ our Cup runneth over. The Steams lead us up
to the Fountain and Spring-Head. Our Diversion, if
rightly used, not only fits us for, but leads us to Devotion;
and the Creature brings us to Christ. Thus in the Con-
text, the Disciples go a fishing, and Christ manifests him-
self to them Not only countenances them, by suc-
ceeding their Design; but excites and draws out their Affec-
tions to him, so much that Simon could not wait 'till the
Vessel came to Shore, but leapt into the Lake, and swam
swift ashore, to greet and converse with his dearest Lord.

That I may not be tedious, I will only lead in

your Reflections a Word or two.

Religion is the highest Reason, and Christianity per-
fectly suited to Man in his present State. And as the ven-
erable Judge Hale says,* "Religion is best in its SimpMcity

tThe Pharisees were of this Temper and frequently
censure and condemn Christ for his Recreations,
both for the Matter and Manner. The Son of 3fan
came eating and drinking, and they say, behold a Man
gluttonous and a toine-hihher, a Friend of Publicans
and Sinners. Math. ii. 19. Luke 7. 34, &c. and
Chap. 15. 2. But all Extreams are bad, one leads to
another; those who in this Case Strain at a Gnat, in
another will generally Sioallow a Camel.

*Contemplations, last Part, p. 254.



A DISCOURSE AT AMOSKEAG FALLS I739 99

"and Purity, but difificult to be retain'd so, M'ithout Super-
"stitions and Accessions; and those do commonly in Time
"stifle and choak the SimjMcity of ReHgion, unless much
"Care and Circumspection be used: The Contemporations
" are so many and so cumbersome, that Religion looseth
"its Nature oris strangled by them: Just like a Man that
"hath some excellent simple Cordial or Spirit, and puts
"Musk in it to make it smell sweet, and Honey to make it
"taste pleasant, and it may be Cantharides to make it look
"glorious. Indeed by the Infusions he hath given it a very
"fine Taste^ Smell, and Colour, but yet he hath so clogg'd it,
"and sophisticated it with Superaddition, that it may be he
"hath altered the Nature, and destroy 'd the Vertue of it."
Some so muffle up Christianity, and make it look so melan-
choly, sickly and sowr, that inconsiderate People are apt to
dread its Command, as they would the Tyranny of Sallee-
Men. But

What prodigious Injustice is hereby done to the most
sacred and excellent Cause in the World?

Such zealous, weak, mistaken Men can't easily be per-
swaded of the Dissimilitude there is between their Opinion
and Practice, and the Doctrine and Behaviour of Christ
and his Apostles. It were worthy of their diligent Appli-
cation, to make a critical Attempt of running the Parralel.
And they would certainly find their own Lives awkward
and disjointed; and their Notions, in this Part, maim'd and
defective, and bloated and swell'd in that. They would
find likewise, that they have given themselves and others a
great deal of unnecessary Fatigue and Perplexity: Weary-
ing themselves and tormenting others, by making those
Things Duties which God never requir'd, and forbidding
those things which God never prohibited: Perplexing them-
selves and all around them with infinite Doubts and Fears,
without any Foundation: Leading Men into the most loosing
Labyrinths, for which there can be no Clue found, but in
the Traces of their own maz'd Brain.

Therefore, How needful is it that we be well acquainted
with the Scriptures, inform'd in the Religion of Jesus, con



100 A DISCOURSE AT AMOSKEAG FALLS 1/39

form'd to the Example of Christ and his Apostles? There

we shall see the Nature and Design of Christianity

To bring Glory to God in the highest, Peace and

Good-will to 3Ien. That God's Glory and his Good

his Duty and Interest Piety and Pleasure, can never

be sundered.

He will find, that in order to an Action's being term'd
really religious, the Principle from which, and the End for
which it is done, is much more to be considered, than whether
it commonly fall under the Denomination of Devotion, Busi
ness, or Diversion; for they are all at one Time or other
our Duty: And the doing our Duty from a good Princi-
ple and for a right End, must be term'd religious acting.
Eating and Drinking are natural and sensible Actions, but
when we eat and drink to the Glory of God, they are to
be considered as religious, i Cor. x. 31. and that not only
when Men eat and drink the meanest for Quality and the
least for Quantity that can support them in the Service of
God and Society; but when they have a rich and plentiful
Collation: As at Gana of Galilee, they had a Plenty of
rich Wines miraculously provided by Christ himself, who
made one of the Company at this chearful Entertainment:
This was at a Wedding, which is not every Day. "No
"Man should make Sports his Business, nor Pastimes his
"Employment, no more than Cordials his Drink, or Sauces
"his Meat." This destroys the very Notion of Diversion.
Says Mr. Zock, "Some Men may be said never to divert
"themselves, they can't turn aside from Business, for they
never do any." To every Thing there is a /Season, Eccl.
iii. I, 4.

Should we not always in every Enterprize wish for the
Presence and Blessing of Christ.'* Methinks those who
love and adore the blessed Jesus, should desire to see him
every where, and in every Thing! who calls for our Devo-
tion and allows our Diversion! who procured Peace and
Pleasure for wretched sinful Men! Don't I owe a grateful
/Sense of the Grace and Favour of my Benefactor, in the



A DISCOURSE AT AMOSKEAG FALLS I739 101

Enjoyment of every Blessing? This gives a Gust to every
Enjoyment, our tasting the Sweetness of Christ in them

We consider him as Mediator of the Covenant of

Grace, and when we see every Thing convey'd from God

to us by him, then we have a real Relish for them

There is no suitable solid Satisfaction in any temporal
Good, but as the Gift of God thro' Christ. This every

good Man, in a good Frame finds and feels "Business

"and Diversions, Cities and Palaces, with their various
"Ornaments; Fields and Groves; Spring, Summer,
"and Autumn, with all their flowry Beauties and tasteful
"Blessings, are some of the Delights of the Sons of Men.
"Books and Learning, and polite Company, and refin'd
"Science, are the more elegant Joys of ingenious Spirits:
"These are enticing Gratifications of the Senses or the
"Mind of Man; they are all innocent in themselves, they
"may be sanctified to divine Purposes, and afford double
"Satisfaction if God be among them: But if God be absent,
"if he hide his Face or frown upon the Soul, not Palaces
"nor Groves, nor Fields, nor Business, nor Diversion, nor
"all the flowry or tasteful Blessings of Spring or Summer,
"nor the more refin'd Joys of Books and Learning, and
elegant Company; not all the rich Provision of Nature and
"Art, can entertain or refresh, can satisfy or please the

"Soul of a Christian when smitten with the

"Love of God.

To conclude, Let us ever remember that we and all we
have, is God's, and that we are accountable to him for our
Improvement of all, and depend on Christ for our Accep-
tance with him in all.

AMEN.



KStSC^^t^



S^^ E happy Fields, unknown to Noise
|Y| and Strife,

The kind Rewarders of industrious
life;

Ye shady \A/oods where once 1 us'd to rove.

To think for Men, and praise the GOD
above ;

Ye murmuring Streams that in Meanders
roll.

The sweet Composers of the pensive Soul,

Farewell.—The City calls me from your
Bowers ;

Farewell amusing Tho'ts and peaceful
Hours.



102



etc ^iotocU garb

By Clarence M. Platts

^^^J^IXTY-THREE years prior to April i8, 1906, steps
"^pi were taken by some residents of Manchester Cen-
(# ter and North Londonderry to purchase land so

located that it should furnish additional room for burial
purposes otherwise than was afforded by the old Manches-
ter Center yard. A subscription paper was circulated by
Nathan Johnson, Sr., bearing date of April 18, 1840, a
copy of which is given below:

"We, the subscribers, promise to pay to Nathan John-
son or Bearer the sum of $15.00 for the purpose of paying
for land for a graveyard to be located near Thomas Chase's
and we furthermore promise said Johnson to bear our
equal proportion in building a wall around said yard and in
paying for the same."

To this are appended the names of nineteen men and
one woman:

Moses Noys, born ; died, September 29, i860;

buried in Londonderry, N. H.

Josiah Stowell, born April 3, 1779; died in Hudson,
Mich., 1873.

Stilman Simonds, lived at Brick House, 1840; used it
for a Tavern; died in New Boston, N. H.

James M. Gregg, born in 1809; died in Manchester,
April 9, 1862.

Johnson Morse, born in 1795; died in Manchester,
February 12, 1865.

John Proctor, born in 1779; died in Manchester in
1858.

Simon Haselton; died in Chester, N. H.
103



104 THE STOWELL YARD

Joshua Webster, born in 1797; died in Auburn, Octo-
ber 4, 1865; buried in Center yard.

John G. Webster, born in 1805; died in Manchester,
1885.

Israel Webster, born in 1805; died in Manchester in
1885.

Thomas Chase, born in 1784; died in Manchester,
April II, 1859.

Hannah J. Conant; died in Manchester, August 20,
1847, aged 50 years.

James M. Webster, born in 1808; died in Manchester
in 1889,

Nathan Johnson, Sr., born in 1775; one of the oldest
men, buried in 1842.

Col. Francis Manter, born in Londonderry in 1797;
died in March, 1888.

Samuel Manter, born in Londonderry in 1799; died in
Londonderry in 1893.

Capt. Benjamin Corning, born in Derryfield in 1787;
died in Manchester in i860.

Edward C. Clark, born in 18 10; died in Londonderry
in 1862.

Nathaniel Corning, born in Derryfield, in 1803; died
in Manchester in 1883.

George Manter, born in Plymouth, Mass., in 1768; (the
oldest subscriber) died in Londonderry in i860.

June 4, 1840, for the consideration of ^15.00, Josiah
Stowell conveyed by warrantee deed, for the above-named
purposes, a certain tract of land bounded and described as
follows, to wit:

"Beginning at a stake and stones at the road near
Thomas Chase's house and running South Westerly 12 R.
and 16 L. to stake and stones: thence North Westerly 12
R. and 16 L. to stake and stones: thence North Easterly
12 R. and 16 L. to stake and stones standing by the road:
thence South Easterly, by this road 12 R. and 16 L. to



THE STOWELL YARD 105

bounds began at and intending to convey one acre by
measure for the purpose of a graveyard only, and the con-
dition is that the same is to be fenced in a good and proper
manner by the above named Proprietors or their Associates,
heirs or assigns and I do hereby myself, my heirs and
executors and assigns reserve one undivided twentieth part
of said land subject to the same Uabilities as those names
above and for the same purpose and that only.

"Signed:-JOSIAH STOWELL.
"Witnesses:

"Galen Merian.
"Jonas B. Bowman.

"JONAS B. BOWMAN,

"Justice of the Peace."

The land was then laid out into four tiers of lots by
James M. Gregg (who at one time owned the Webster
Mills) with a main drive cut through the center east and
west. The outside rows on the north and south side of
the yard were reserved for those desiring single lots and
the poor.

Substantial wooden hubs were driven at the corners
of the lots.

October 12 of the same year, twenty-eight men assem-
bled by appointment with eight yoke of oxen to enclose
the tract with a substantial stone wall. The stone was
drawn from a distance. October 13, twenty-three men
and ten yoke of oxen are credited with being present.
October 14, twenty men and nine yoke of oxen. On Octo-
ber 15, the work being well under way, but four men and
one yoke of oxen are credited with work. Again, October
19, three men. October 20, my grandfather, Francis Man
ter, with two men and a yoke of oxen, finished the job
which included making and hanging the gate. It was
replaced about thirty years ago by a new one. One hun-
dred and ten days' work, including twenty-three days of ox-
teaming are credited at 92 cents per day of not less than



106 THE STOWELL YARD

ten hours. Each proprietor is charged $5.89 as his
twentieth part of the expenses. Francis Manteris credited
with twenty-one days' work. The expense on the gate was
$4.83. October 19, John Proctor is credited with the work
of three yoke of oxen.

Soon after the work was finished on the yard, a meet-
ing of the proprietors was held at Colonel Stowell's house.
He then lived at the Sawyer Corner. Stillman Symonds
was running a tavern at the old brick house at that time.
Francis Manter presided at the meeting and was elected
treasurer, and John Goffe Webster, clerk. No superin-
tendent was chosen. This was the last official meeting of
the proprietors.

Subsequently, lots were chosen by the proprietors as
occasion demanded.

The first person buried in the yard was Henrietta E.
Stowell, wife of Colonel Stowell. She died in 1840, aged
36 years and 6 months. The family then lived at Sawyer
Corner. A procession was formed of friends and mourn-
ers, who marched to the grave.

Three monuments marked empty graves: Jessie
Chapin, April 16, 1834, age 72 years; Hannah Chapin, the
same day, age 68 years; Mary Brown, May 2, 1834, all of
whom died of smallpox at the Brick House and were buried
northeast of the house, the place inclosed with stone wall
and monuments erected. A subsequent owner removed
the walls and monuments and plowed over the place. The
monuments were taken and set up in the Stowell yard.

There are two soldiers of 1812 buried in the yard:
Col. Francis Manter, born December 2, 1797, died March
12, 1888; Richard Perry, who died December 22, 1865,
aged 87 years, 8 months, 19 days.

The following soldiers of the Civil War are interred
in this yard:

Dr. George W. Manter, surgeon. Third Regiment New
Hampshire Volunteers; died July 7, 1870, in Wellfieet,
Mass.



THE STOWELL YARD 107

Thomas B. Platts, Fourth Regiment, New Hampshire
Volunteers, Company K.; died in Manchester November
II, 1887, aged 62 years.

Nahum A. Webster, First Heavy Artillery, New
Hampshire Volunteers; died October 4, 1872, aged 28
years, i month, 6 days.

John Hatch, Seventh Regiment, New Hampshire
Volunteers; born September 28, 18 — ; died May 6, 1895.

Fdward C. Clark, Fifteenth Regiment, New Hamp-
shire Volunteers; died in Londonderry, 1869, aged 59
years, 6 months, 9 days.

Charles R. Clark, Fifteenth Regiment, New Hamp-
shire Volunteers; born June 18, 1818; died May 31, 1889.

Elijah A. Morse, Second Regiment, New Hampshire
Volunteers; died October 16, 1880, aged 46 years, 3
months.

Everett Stevens, First Heavy Artillery, New York;
died October 16, 1869, aged -^J years, 5 months.

Besides the above there were two sons of Edward C.
Clark who were buried in the Grandison Moss lot, but we
have no definite information in regard to them.

It is estimated that there are over three hundred per-
sons buried in the Stowell yard, though less than one-half
are marked with monuments. An effort is being made to
locate the unmarked graves, and it is hoped that any per-
son having such information will make it known. As there
are no official records of the persons buried, either in the
hands of the city or the proprietors, it is a matter of
importance that all such information should be gathered
and preserved. We have examined such records as can be
found, which include probate, city, town and private



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